Financial Times: reform of the political system requires the settlement of disputes b
Financial Times: reform of the political system requires the settlement of disputes between the components of Iraq
American leadership of the international coalition against Iraq Daesh brought it to the brink of defeat Daesh group which seized control of a third of the country 's territory. And it will soon be expelled Daesh from Mosul, and thanks to the Iraqi security forces and Kurdish Peshmerga forces and popular mobilization efforts.
It deserves Prime Minister Haider al - Abadi confidence to oversight of the campaign.
On the other hand it has a political system that was inaugurated after the overthrow of Saddam Hussein 's regime has failed. Apart from liberal democracy , which has long wished for many, Iraq 's semi - Kleptuqrati - the rule of thieves - full division partisan, ethnic and sectarian, so must the main components in Iraq (Sunnis and Shiites) to participate in a meaningful dialogue and this must begin negotiations between the federal government and the Kurdistan Regional Government. and the parties to decide whether they want to live together, and be a place of decision Baghdad, not Ankara or Tehran or Washington.
Most of the Kurds aspire to independence, but if he got the separation must be in accordance with the plan are divided - similar to the "velvet divorce" between the Czechs and Slovaks, not like North Cyprus or South Sudan - negotiated with Baghdad. And perhaps touch the Kurdish leadership is also the advantages of staying as part of a new Iraq confederate with the continued existence of a sovereign Kurdistan region contributes to a common economic and security structure. At the same time, the Kurdish leadership to work seriously to resolve the political and economic crisis and governance crisis afflicting the region. As well as on the Arab components - Sunnis and Shiites - to decide on its political relationship in the future.
Shiite parties dominate the government and feel free to share power for fear that allows for the return of the year. It is true that Sunnis do not have a credible leadership to represent them or challenge the extremists. But the Shiites and the Kurds to admit that the deprivation of the year was a reason to embrace terrorism, and likewise on the year to recognize that they are the biggest losers of violent extremism.
Economic growth is considered the second most important challenges facing the leaders of Iraq. The significant increase in oil production since 2003 , has not yet translated into a better standard of living for the population, most of the revenue is spent on the public sector bloated salaries.
The only way to save the economy rentier is failing to establish a public body for the planning and execution of capital spending. Such a body - the Council for Development and Investment similar to what was in Iraq before the 1958 revolution - be under government administration and is funded by an annual allocation to the proportion of oil and gas revenues in the national budget.
The Commission is coordinating with private investors and international donors sector, and then spending plan a comprehensive capital of the country situation.
The key is to ensure that the president not to entrust the management of political factions Development and Investment Authority, but must be located on the responsibility of the owners of shareholders ' interest - ie the Iraqi people and investors.
Iraq , which is fixed according to these principles can become a model for security and new economic structure in the Middle East, which is based on the transformation of common economic interests and encouragement.