During the period from October 28 to November 11 in 1647 from St. Mary's Church has seen, in the Putney area of London task discussions about the future of Britain and the nature of its political system. One historian described these discussions as "exceptional," while another described as one of "the most important periods in the history of democracy." It is enough to debate, which became known as the "Putney debates," dealt with, among many other things, "the nature of democracy" itself. Discussions was not exposed to the division of power between the negotiating parties, and also conflicting, but it dealt with matters related to the basic construction of the state itself. At these meetings presented a paper titled "Convention people", has identified the basic principles of the state. One of the principles put forward by the paper, the principle says that sovereignty in a democracy are the people and not to parliament, and this means that it is the people's power to parliament and not vice versa. The results of this principle has been approved limits that Parliament may not be beyond or change it, overtaking here means over sovereignty of the people, and that a ban on the Parliament to make changes on the list of human rights that include freedom of religion too, as a ban on parliament, legislation, any law can be be harmful to the people.
This is the basic idea of democracy: that people have is Mr., not parliament or the government or the leader or the party or the like, other than the authority of God Almighty, of course. If the Parliament is the highest legislative authority in the state, this does not make him the highest authority of the sovereignty of the people, because this required the confiscation, and the sovereignty of the people is required and the top authority on anything else. The executive, legislative, judicial and military tools, however, the people and authorities are not on the people.
and calculate that this is the same idea that the Qur'an preaches if we read state succession and Ayati Shura together, we extracted all of them a picture of the system of government, which wants the Koran. This is done by the authority of the late Imam Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr, who ended by saying that this system has all the virtues of democracy, and increase the safeguard provision of the deviation and corruption.
the Iraqi constitution does not explicitly on the sovereignty of the people and Aloath Parliament, Article V of the Constitution says: "The people the source of authority and legitimacy, exercised by direct secret ballot and through their constitutional institutions. " Whereas Article (20) that "Citizens, both men and women, the right to participate in public affairs, and to enjoy political rights, including the right to vote and to elect and be elected." No other text in the Constitution is being subjected to this serious issue.
the Iraqi constitution does not explicitly state the right of the people in control of parliament, and hold him accountable, no right to object to legislation by Parliament, does not give him the right to object to the Minister and the claim Bacalthm within the constitutional mechanism is clear. At this point superior to the Swiss constitution to the Iraqi constitution.
We need to reinforce the authority of the citizen through constitutional provisions and practices of the process in order to achieve the original purpose of a democracy to expand citizen participation in decisions about his life. A handful of politicians, for example, examine the affairs of the state away from the citizens confiscated for this purpose great.
these things concerning the structure of the state, not the distribution of power, and if it is to be a national meeting, Aualbrlman about healthier, his research, it is the nature of the state and the nature of democracy and the nature of the political system The Economic and Social Council, these are the basic things that an agreed upon base agreement above all else. These are the mothers of the issues, and the rest are details!!
however, do not despair nor Tptisoa! Putney minutes of discussions, but not discovered in 1890 in the Archives of Oxford. Before that date such records were not in circulation among the public, but it was with British democracy continues its march victorious