|Washington - "arenas of Liberation"
Reveal some cables American diplomacy that the political tensions between Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and members of the Iraqi List, has seen a steady rise in the last three years and, prior to the political crisis recently, according to the newspaper "The Christian Science Monitor," by one of its editors, Dan Murphy.
On the twentieth of May of 2009, says a diplomatic cables that members of the Iraqi Islamic Party,headed by Tariq al-Hashimi, and members of the other major Sunni group met with the Assistant Deputy Secretary of State Bill Burns and Assistant Undersecretary of Defense Michele Florena. The MP said the Iraqi Islamic Party, Abdul-Karim al-Samarrai them that the sectarian reconciliation is not getting the point clear.Samarrai said: "With regard to national reconciliation, some groups do not seem really interested in reconciliation," and describing the recent reconciliation conference, that he failed, and in particular tumbled promises to include the Sons of Iraq (the Awakening) in the security services. He said that unemployment is still prevalent among the children exposed in the Awakening led to the targeting of the Iraqi government. He warned Samarrai it expects more problems. "The head of the Office of the Hashemite Saif Abdul Rahman said" Iraq is not a state yet, but a group of competing interests in an environment similar to the state. "If we leave it this way, they develop it to become a country ruled by a player a strong one. He argued that "Iran understands that, and it is in Iraq over the long term, while the United States is present only in Iraq in the short term."
In a telegram published in the January 31 in 2010 expresses the Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi concern to the Assistant Secretary in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Jeffrey Feltman, the extent of efforts to deny some people on the back of the charge of belonging to the Baath Party from holding seats in parliament. It is interesting for the Sunni Arab politician, denounced the former "occupation" of the United States to say: "We want to be sure that the relationship with the United States will continue." Hashemi said also that the relations between Saudi Arabia and Iraq will improve as soon as the withdrawal of U.S. forces ("the interpretation we have not heard of it before," he writes American diplomat), and "said that Saudi officials asked him why the decline is other, to allow the Americans to hand over the country to the Shiites," implying that the continued presence in Iraq, and his presence in government is not accepted by Saudi officials. The vice president said he explained that no alternative than to accept the status quo, and added to his hosts the Saudis: "Where do you want me to go? I'm an Iraqi. This is the reality now in Iraq." As for Iran, Hashemi described the impact on the structures of the Iraqi government and decision-making centers so wide that has fueled the worst kind of conspiracy theories about how the penetration of the impact and influence and how it happened. "
On the fourth of February 2010, issued a U.S. Embassy report procedure, the Alliance of the State of the electoral law, led by Prime Minister Maliki is shown that the recent alliance "Despite the strong ties with Iran, it is more independent from Tehran of his rivals (the Iraqi National Alliance, a bloc other Shiite). However, face-Maliki difficulty in selling his credentials as a national and earn his coalition to support some Sunnis and minorities and their participation. He could face the coalition movements hostile in southern Iraq because of the failure of members of the State of Law alliance in improving services and provision in the provinces they control. There is a point weakness of Maliki's failure to improve regional relations and to help facilitate the economic and political integration with the Arab neighbors. In spite of the differences significant political among the closest advisers to the Prime Minister, they told us it is likely that the Iraqi National Alliance and a coalition of state law Sathaddan after the elections to ensure a Shi'ite-led government, and to avoid criticism by allowing for the coalition of pro-Baath and sectarian access to power. and what did not happen coalition of state law to win a strong majority, it seems unlikely that Maliki will be able to retain the post of prime minister. " (As a reminder, the diplomats are not always right: the list is Iraq's secular and Sunni-backed won a majority in the elections, but al-Maliki managed to retain under the chairmanship of the minister).
According to a telegram issued on the tenth of February in the year 2010 that the former Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, a secular Shiite who led an electoral alliance was very popular among Sunni Arabs in the last election, and members of his party met with American diplomats. And describes the telegram said, "Allawi said that many of the region's leaders look to the efforts of ablation as an attempt to foment sectarian and suggested that the connection with the ambassadors of the United States in the region, leaders of neighboring countries to address such concerns ... and said Allawi and his delegation believed that sectarian forces working to stop the move about secularism in Iraq, and stressed that U.S. assistance is necessary to enhance security ahead of national elections, the involvement of regional partners. "
Deals with cable diplomatic issued at the 24 February 2010, Saleh al-Mutlaq, a leading Sunni politician, and currently deputy prime minister (Maliki is seeking now to depose him) called on the United States to provide diplomatic assistance against attempts by the de-Baathification committee to exclude him from the parliament (which won the elections At the end of the day). The telegram adds that al-Mutlaq, "urged the United States to take action to halt the Chalabi, who believed that he was determined to implement the hateful agenda, including the processes of de-motivated political isolation from the elections." In a commentary at the end of the brief on the observations of al-Mutlaq, wrote U.S. diplomat: "Leaving aside the question of the fate of al-Mutlaq, currently, the condition and status of others indicate that the intensity of electoral politics in Iraq, stifle the judicial process, and the United States will need to be effective in providing support and field for an independent judiciary