" The Dinar Daily " ............. Thursday, 13 December 2012
***************** FIRST MENTION OF A REFERENDUM CONTEMPLATED BY ARTICLE 140 ****************
DEPLOYMENT OF OBSERVERS AND A REFERENDUM IN THE DISPPUTED AREAS : Arbil / Orr News
Informed sources revealed the U.S. plan to deploy observers Americans in the disputed areas between the Baghdad government and the Kurdistan region, with failed efforts by Washington to arrange a tripartite meeting was scheduled to collect between President Jalal Talabani and Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and Kurdish President Massoud Barzani.
Face negotiations conducted by a leading figure in the Kurdistan Alliance Barham Salih with close to President al-Maliki in Baghdad, to resolve the crisis unresolved and escalating between the central government and the Kurdistan Regional Government, the case of a collision of ideas and opinions at the insistence of each party on his previous, and the continuing military build-up of Iraqi army troops and forces Kurdish Peshmerga in the contact areas in the province of Kirkuk, according to Kurdish sources, the negotiations in favor with Maliki's advisers did not lead to any significant progress, despite holding several rounds of dialogue. Barzani confirmed that sent troops to the Kurdish elite, led by his son Mansoor to Kirkuk in a move that could mean to show more of a challenge to the authority of al-Maliki and promoting the idea of defending the "Kurdish" oil-rich city.
Kurdish sources, confirmed that U.S. diplomats, led by Ambassador Robert Beecroft failed to arrange a tripartite meeting to collect al-Maliki and Barzani and Talabani. The source close to President Talabani that the U.S. administration feels that the current crisis between the Baghdad government and the Government of Arbil candidate for surprises may get out of control if continued the process of sending military reinforcements to the contact areas between the two parties, so there are moves to visit close to U.S. Vice President Joe Biden to Iraq.
He added that more to fear the U.S. government and a clash erupted between the Iraqi army and Kurdish Peshmerga forces in Kirkuk suddenly, what constitutes political blow strong U.S. President Barack Obama because the GOP contender was supported U.S. troops pullout in the disputed areas between the Kurds and the Arabs but Obama rejected So, therefore, the occurrence of this military confrontation Sadgv political position of President within the U.S. Congress because the president took it upon himself to ensure peace between Baghdad and Erbil after he completed a full U.S. military withdrawal from Iraq by the end of the year 2011.
The source noted Kurdish that task Biden if he came urgently to Iraq, will be for the deployment of observers U.S. permanent in all areas of contact between the Iraqi army and peshmerga forces until settlement political problem according to the Constitution, which includes the organization of a referendum on the identity of the disputed areas, including Kirkuk .
Electoral Commission publishes a list of entities for the local elections in April 2013
BY Ryder Fisher
Ended the official date for the registration of political parties for the local elections in Iraq on 21 April 2013. The Electoral Commission of Iraq continued in the registry on Monday and Tuesday but now issued a list looks more decisive in that it did not contain the words "registered so far." So is Iraq, it is difficult to ascertain whether this list is really the last, but certainly as the broader census available to a large extent and short debate on these entities's 261 might be worth note.
And I must say the beginning of that publishing this list, while it is important, it is not an indication crucial in demonstrating how to shape the political landscape for the upcoming elections in Iraq. The crucial stage in this account is a list of coalitions, which on previous occasions were published late as pre-election one month. And deal with voters on Election Day, after all, are the electoral lists, which can be longer than one party or several registered entities are linked together in a list. And registration as a separate entity at this stage may not be more than just the expression of arrogance Iraqi politicians who feel the need to be a them political parties themselves; As in previous elections, the key issue is the extent to which exceed its such arrogance in order to create electoral lists and effective coalitions when approaching more elections. However, taking into consideration the registered entities themselves, they are classified into three categories.
First of all, there are parties very Kurdish known. There will be no local elections in parts of the Kurdish regional government expected on April 21, although it should have been taking place since a long time. And small claims of the Kurdish parties that the two major Kurdish parties postpone elections. However, all such interested parties to the local elections in the disputed areas outside the Kurdish region, and in many occasions was likely to merge in a unified Kurdish coalition to increase the vote. Kirkuk outside the Kurdish regional government, but were excluded from the 2009 elections because of the lack of agreement about about ethnic representation rules.
Second, there are all the parties that one way or the other form part or recently separated from the coalition in Iraq Sunni-backed secular. Most small similar entities from Iraq have been registered, and there are new small entities as well. And entities Almaourfah very including Anbar Awakening, headed by Ahmed or feather and party Alhdbar the brothers Najafi in Mosul, and the blocks aligned with figures such as Saleh al-Mutlaq and Dhafer al-Ani. And some components large, which split recently from the Iraqi was recorded also like patriots and Iraqi Free blocks Ali Alsjeri and Iskandar and berries and Kamal Dulaimi and the governor of Salahuddin. Also, the Iraqi small entities epitomized very recently, perhaps in order to contest the next local elections. It includes blocks headed by Ahmed Missiri Talal Zobaie, Mustafa al-Hiti, Abdullah Hassan Rasheed Ziyad Tariq trail and Adnan al-Janabi. And to a certain extent, this fragmentation can be understood in the context of the local elections, with it, must be seen against the backdrop of growing internal dissent in Iraq during the last year. Put important both for the chaos in the Iraqi camp the structural or confusion on the differences between the entity and the coalition, has recorded humpback and reconciliation as separate entities, but also coalitions Kabrh which be at some times of part of the Iraqis and Iraqi forces. In the case of humpback \ Iraqis, there has been a Brotherhood Nujaifi as a single entity for both, while for reconciliation \ Iraq, the Iraqi Allawi recorded Accord left to lower-ranking politicians. The omission largely acclaimed is the Iraqi Islamic Party, which will be completed spallation out if he fails to submit lists for the elections of 2013.
Thirdly, we have recorded all the Shiite parties as separate entities replica. This includes also several fragmented entities of the Dawa Party, and Almndmn organization and organization inside Iraq. It is important that in addition to Maliki ally, Ali al-Dabbagh, and cult, they run as well as a separate entity. There two يضمان entities names "knights" and "law." The parties of such names were previously described as strongly supportive of the owners, and one of them headed by the fact Abdul Sattar Jabbar, who was also Manandma in the former pool "Knights of the rule of law." The Sadrists, who was their participation in doubt and or Chzawa in several provinces in 2009, they seem at this time engaged in a simple list of Liberal. And called the Shaykhiyyah a list Shiite branch in Basra massing again under the command of Amir al-Fayez, similarly to put about Iraq, and there is also the rule of law (the Coalition supposed), who scored as Haider Abadi, and in addition to that call recorded under the leadership of Nuri al-Maliki.
Has also been confirmed list of the distribution of seats for each province, with small changes to the previous year 2009. The next step is now the registration of candidates, be consolidated in the final December 25, 2012. And some types of fields Ajtat Baath will be more productive, before form coalitions official list at the beginning of 2013. And one must remember that when gets it all (and acclaim of the UN mission in Iraq enthusiastically as an actress outside world), the Iraqi High Tribunal confirmed its view that the election law is the current unconstitutional and free regarding the format distribution of seats and the parliament failed to a large extent to pass the amendment on the changes. The trial court found this abnormality after it has been the distribution of seats in the previous elections and did not affect the outcome of those elections. At this time, it has issued a warning, and could be used by the existing powers if you are not happy in a way that wind.
Talabani agreed with the opposition to re-formulate the Kurdish constitution
The time on Thursday, 13 December, 1/2012 07:11. | |
Arbil / Orr News
Agreed the National Union Party, led by President Jalal Talabani, for the first time with the opposition parties, most notably the "MDC" dissident him, on the back of a number of laws, including the draft Constitution of the Territory, to the Parliament for a consensus.
According to previous information that the President's party supports opposition tendencies to transform the system of government in the region from a presidential to a parliamentary party is regional president Massoud this trend against him.
The complexity of the Kurdish list that represent the two main Kurdish parties, and blocks the "opposition" parliamentary meeting today to discuss the re-laws "national dimensions" to Parliament, confirmed the mass of "change" that this trend will get majority and will affect the positions of the rejectionists.
The meeting comes after a request made yesterday by the Inter-Party Committee "National Union" and the movement of "change" opposition to the return of the "laws of national dimensions to the Parliament and makes adjustments to it", most notably the re-formulation of the draft Constitution of the Territory controversial.
The head of the bloc of "change" Cardo Muhammad that blocks the majority and the opposition "will be held tomorrow morning" Today ", a meeting of parliament to discuss the issue of re-laws national dimensions, and directly related to public life for citizens," noting that the laws are "Security Council region, and the UN High Commissioner Independent Elections in the region, and the right to demonstrate, and balancing the parties, and provincial elections. " He added that "a number of agreement blocs in parliament on this trend, will affect the position of naysayers."
And the position of "Democratic Party" led by Barzani step, he said: "There is no other way than a consensus on laws directly related to public life, and I think that the Democratic Party would agree."
He returned debate among political circles Kurdish on the mechanism of the regime among the demands that have presidential and calls to convert parliamentarians, as well as the return of the powers of president of the province to the fore, after a period of stagnation and delay, due to the escalating crisis between the Territory and the central government, and specifically in the disputed areas .
Maliki wears a robe national leader as elections approach!
Ideas for Iraq
Iraqi Army today faces the Peshmerga forces in the disputed areas north of the country, while politicians engage in Baghdad in a heated war of words. The point of contention in the Tigris Forces Command set up by Prime Minister Maliki.
What is happening now is a replica of the 2008 when the central government faced the Kurdish parties in the province of Diyala. It seems that the two events designed to support the prime minister's position before the provincial elections. On the surface these confrontations and looks like escalate into open war but it is in fact a political threat, more than anything else.
Diyala province has several disputed areas, including Khanaqin, which is on the border with Iran. And Kurdish forces entered the area during the 2003 invasion, and then asked them to the central government to help establish security there. In 2008 Prime Minister chose the region to meet the Kurds, first began to form tribal support councils in the province that was supposed to help in the installation of security, but in fact it means, however, Prime Minister of the founding of care networks across Iraq.
For their part, Kurdish politicians interpreted these councils in Diyala as a means to undermine their control over the disputed areas before the provincial elections of 2009, for example, said the Kurdish mayor of Khanaqin that councils were a threat and a means, however, al-Maliki to impose his authority on the region. In April the brigade was informed Peshmerga fourth and thirty-fifth by the band of the army to evacuate the area are responsible for security, but the Kurds rejected the demand, as seen in a provocative step by the Prime Minister. Then in July Baghdad government began the process of "good signs" in Diyala, which was intended to focus on the rebels. As part of the process, moving the first division of the army to Khanaqin at the beginning of August, Aftalapt band Brigade Peshmerga 34 to evacuate the area within 24 hours, but the brigade denied the request, try soldiers forcing several Kurdish political parties and the Peshmerga out of their offices, which led to a confrontation sharp between the parties where the Iraqi army stood to his face while he was raising the Iraqi flag and Peshmerga crane on the other side the flag of the Kurdistan region. Next month Iraqi police tried to arrest a Kurdish intelligence officer in the judiciary, which led to controversy and shootings killed one Peshmerga men. In time, the growing escalation was for the owners against the Kurds in Diyala is seen as a major threat to the status quo in the country.
Was the ruling parties Kurdish and Shiite alliances long-term dating back to the time of Saddam when the parties were opposed to the dictatorship. Today, it seems that the Prime Minister threatens those relationships through pressure on the Kurdistan region on a small area. Many believe that this could turn into an open war between the two governments may not significantly affect the north of the country. And leaked events Khanaqin to other provinces in the region. In Nineveh accuse Prime Minister to replace units Arab Kurdish another, and trying to transfer officers from the Kurds out of the military band stationed there, resulting in Kurdish soldiers left with the commander of the regiment and-out service to Erbil. He also rejected Kurdish military brigade in Diyala to receive orders from Baghdad. Finally, Prime Minister ruled out two senior Kurdish officials of the negotiating team on the Status of Forces Agreement with the United States in August.
The ruling Kurdish parties see in this movement provocative steps interpreted by many as a mini Arabization program run by al-Maliki to return to the Arabization campaign institutional memory waged by Saddam in order to root out Kurdish farmers from northern Iraq and replace them with Arabs from other parts of the country. And stoked it all a war of words between Maliki and Barzani, and officials began Kurds launch title Saddam new Maliki, said one House of Representatives in the Kurdistan parliament that the Baath Party was still alive in Baghdad and he is trying to abolish Article 140 of the Constitution, which determine the future of the disputed areas. And continued verbal attacks nearly a year after the accident Khanaqin, and ended determine how to meet Barzani Maliki. Since that time lost confidence Maliki, where there is a sense that the central government - after the drop in the insurgency and militias - re long history بالالتفات to the Kurds, remained this feeling prevailed until parliamentary elections in 2010 when he tried to Barzani and other politicians - without succeed - in determining authority Maliki .
The conflict ended in Diyala with the help of the U.S. military and direct talks between Erbil and Baghdad, and President Barzani went to Baghdad, where they reach a deal mandates the Khanaqin under the control of local police rather than the Iraqi army or the Peshmerga.
He also helped the U.S. military commander in Iraq, Raymond Odierno also establish checkpoints joint US-Iraqi Kurdish in disputed areas of the two parties in order to work to maintain security, and negotiate with a ministerial committee to collect security officers from Baghdad and Erbil.
And dismantled those steps tension and the parties returned to their natural affairs. There are still fears of out-of-control situation, it is possible to take a soldier or a field commander in Khanaqin a bad decision that would inflame fighting between the army and the Peshmerga.
And get the same day confrontation in the disputed areas. In July 2012 Department of Defense announced the formation of a leadership Tigris forces for control of the army and police in Diyala, Tamim and Salaheddin.
In September Kurdish parties felt apprehension of this new leadership and claimed as illegal and provocative and a threat to Article 140 of the Constitution. In November shooting occurred between the Iraqi army and police and between units of Peshmerga in Salahuddin during an attempt to arrest a Kurdish businessman accused of smuggling oil. The incident killed one civilian and injuring ten others, called the central and regional governments to mobilize their forces once again and sent to the disputed areas.
In the same month, said Barham Salih of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan that Maliki is trying to re-Kurds to Saddam's time. In December and on the pages of newspaper time President Barzani said that the KRG will not allow the owners to move his troops in the disputed areas and called him a dictator.
The next day, the Peshmerga minister accused Maliki of arming Arab tribes in Nineveh and Diyala and nationalization. Again summoned the U.S. military to assist in the negotiations between the two parties. And similar events in 2012 to a large extent the events of 2008; prime minister is taking a step provocative military sees the Kurds a threat to their demands in the disputed areas.
As in 2008, Kurds have sent their troops to face the forces of the central government, as well as semi-Maliki Saddam Kurds, and also asked the U.S. military to mediate, and that the policy of parties like their policies in Khanaqin. Current Almusbandtan and former Tatian before provincial elections. By al-Maliki, he plays on the Arab nationalism and attempts to portray himself Kmtsd expansionist approach of the Kurds, has succeeded to some extent with some Sunnis in northern Iraq who feel threatened by the Kurds.
Arab Vaketlh in Tamim (Kirkuk), welcomed the forces led by the Tigris, saying it limits the authority of the Peshmerga, also stood Deputy of the Iraqi National Movement with the formation of leadership. This was the same position taken by the Prime Minister in 2008, where he was then changed his image of a weak prime minister took office in 2006, to a strong national leader overcome the Mahdi Army in Basra and Baghdad and then on the Kurds. As is the case today, and some Sunni parties stood alongside al-Maliki on the Khanaqin incident, where a student representative for Dialogue Front Peshmerga's withdrawal from Diyala.
Did not take advantage of these confrontations from one side, President Barzani also win political points. Every time reinforcing his image as protector of the interests of the Kurdish. The rally today behind the Kurdish press and opposition parties and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, and this is important because the opposition and the National Union taking criticize its previous policy.
In fact, despite news reports about the possibility of an armed conflict, it seems that the real motives behind the two incidents are political gain before the next election. And Khanaqin and driving forces Tigris both of which are similar. In 2008 Prime Minister Maliki decided to challenge the Kurds militarily in the disputed areas, which led directly to the call of the Peshmerga by the Government of the Territory, and the worsening situation then and the two sides are facing some, and raised fears of approaching the parties from the brink of war. The same chain of events located today about Tigris forces leadership. Focus on the threat of violence make us forget the most important political aspect. In both cases, al-Maliki and Barzani trying to expand electoral Doa˙arhama through some Tsidihma. The military side is shown in the image, but behind the scenes, the two leaders are trying to gain support in the coming elections.
Mirani: Shiite Kurdish Alliance is not a lie!
The time on Thursday, 13 December, 1/2012 07:08. | |
Baghdad / Orr News
Said Fadhil Mirani, a secretary of the Kurdistan Democratic Party, led by Massoud Barzani, the "coalition of the Kurds and Shiites inherited and has extensions and will not give it up."
He said that "Kurds Atnasfon responsibility in the current crisis in the event of the other party admitted his mistake." He pointed out that "the Kurdistan Alliance," waiting for a response, "National Alliance" a memorandum submitted by three weeks ago, and expressed the readiness of the region "Rcn to universal legal views sober to interpret the constitutionality of various materials relating to the management of oil."
He added that "the strength of our decision in alliance with the Shiites and Mr. al-Maliki during the last stage was far from any account with others, including America." He explained that "the problem that we face is how to provide the national concept on factional interest," and added that "what is going on" between the Kurds and the National Alliance "is a dialogue between partners and not negotiations."
He stressed that "in any form and under any circumstances will not abandon our alliance with the Shiites, he was not built according to standard sectarian or national. We years and collected with the Shiites is our struggle and our response to dictatorial regimes, in a national project, a coalition inherited his extensions social and religious, we will not forget positions of great references our direction. "
He stressed that "the Kurds they adopted the national line is the key to the strength and cohesion of Iraq and any project of partition or disassembly is unacceptable to us. Were prior to April" April "2003 independent and had joined the rest of Iraq voluntarily. Stage Convention of 1926 with Turkey implicitly survival Mosul within the body of this country while that the current nationalists supported Turkey in its demand the annexation of Mosul. "
In response to a question about the results of mediation and political figures of power between the parties to the conflict, said Mirani "is difficult we have to be between us and mediations." He asked: "When was Babacar Zebari Army Chief of Staff current fighting in the mountains of Kurdistan with Maliki Where were these intermediaries? We do not reject anyone, but we, any Kurds and Shiites, we have the elements of the brothers and the participants are singing from any interference with the respected and appreciation for the positions of all the brothers."
And what is being said about "beating the drums of war," he said, "Yes, there are in the state institutions of longs to war and speaks its language but this nonsense narrated any war talk? Are war brothers? Yesterday we were in the same trench with Maliki fight totalitarian regime how we fight today?".
He pointed out that "a large part of the crisis with al-Maliki are reports and false information about the presence of armament plans for the territory up to the parties or the parties do not want the good of all. Information should be checked and scrutinized well and should logic prevail over emotions."
He considered information reached the head of the government's purchase of army tanks Syrian-formal group Free Army and entered via Turkey through the port Abraham incorrect and explained: "First do not need to tank army of the Syrian regime and the army is a free most in need it and secondly: port Abraham is not a tunnel It is superficial corridor is located in a populated area inhabited by thousands of Iraqis and enters the goods all to see you do not need to confidential sources to detect, and the transfer of this information does not want to Iraq and the Kurds and Maliki together any good. "
And deal supposedly took place between regional president Massoud Barzani and French company brokered UAE to buy helicopters explained that "the president of the province went to the UAE at the invitation to attend the competitions," Formula One "case if tens of VIPs invited to this event, and the other thing that is not France, nor any other state contracts with entities within a federal state. applicable international context that foreign policy, defense and interior and the terms of reference of the federal oil, which means that it is logical and the region is not so naive to put himself in such an embarrassing situation. "
He questioned the validity of charges Maliki Government of the Territory of rigging signed document with one of the countries to hold arms deal and said: "I have not heard of such document and we are not in a state of war, and can the Prime Minister to send a copy of which to us through one of the leading figures in the National Alliance, if not wanted aggravate it for verification. do not need to forging the signature of the President and government if we want something like this would go to al-Maliki and ask for his signature. "
He expressed regret that called Maliki phrase "Arab war - Kurdish," adding: "I think it slip of the tongue and put him in an embarrassing situation All leaders of Iraq by not designate what is going on with the Kurds war Arab - Kurdish, were descriptions launches is to confront insurgents or rebel movements and the like. "
Mirani announced "in the case before the other party to acknowledge the responsibility of his mistake in this crisis, we Kurds Ntnasf with this responsibility." He pointed out that the Kurds "waiting for a response of the National Alliance on a memorandum of understanding to resolve outstanding problems most important clauses: Back to the constitution, strengthening the principle of partnership, age rules of procedure of the Council of Ministers, and the laws: the Federal Court, and the Federal Council, and oil and gas, and balance the national army and non-politicized , and the inauguration of the inherent large number of sites important government rather than management by proxy, and the application of Article 140, and the implementation of the agreement Erbil "as expressed Mirani ready" territory "to rely on the views universal legal sober for the interpretation of Articles 111 and 112 of the Constitution regarding the management of oil and different on their interpretation" .
Kurdistan Alliance: Baghdad instigate crises with the territory
The time on Wednesday, 12 December, 1/2012 15:20. | |
Baghdad / Orr News
Said the Kurdistan Alliance bloc in the House of Representatives that the federal government deliberately fabricating crises with the Kurdistan Regional Government, despite the recent approval of the proposals Baghdad.
A spokesman for mass pro-Tayeb told (UR) that "the federal government suggested that the police received a file security in the disputed areas and the withdrawal of the army and the Peshmerga of those areas have been approved by the provincial government on the proposal."
"I met the President of the House of Representatives at the airport and he told me the approval of the Kurdistan Regional Government on the proposal and calm and not to escalate, but Baghdad whenever the province approved the proposal returned and dropped him again."
The head of the House of Representatives has adopted an initiative aimed at defusing the security crisis in the disputed areas to guarantee protection by forces the company to withdraw troops exotic from the provinces and from the region to their original positions.
With delivery business ties to Syria with Iraq, the post-Assad's regime will be more likely to take the role of mediator, and policy adviser in the Iraqi
In writing on his "to comment on Syria" argues Joshua Landis that "Iraq is more than a lot of the spread of war Syria compared with Lebanon." The premise is this "in the current response to the increase of the civil war in Syria, the Iraqi violence could worsen and re-Qaeda appear there." In spite of this, I am convinced that Landis is wrong from several angles.
Of start Pferdath, the idea is that "Iraqi violence has worsened," is based on a short-term point of view to the trends of violence in Iraq, without looking at the big picture. In fact, the subject is a common mistake when it comes to media reports about violence statistics and civilian casualties. For example, in late September, the agency such as Reuters reported a report that Iraq has witnessed months bloodier since more than two years, citing the killing of 365 people and assumed that number has doubled compared to previous months. However, as noted by Joel and Link in the theme of "Reflections on Iraq, the media reports were based simply on government statistics, which usually soften down the size of the victims to a large degree. After all, the coalition "of state law, who leads the government headed by Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki confirms that the security of Iraq is the core part of its political platform.
The test database determine the total Iraqi losses by AL ABC, which supplied figures are based on evidence comprehensive enhanced by media from Arab sources and English, will appear as compared with the summer months past, the month of September was outside the usual significantly. At the time of writing this post, the ABC Foundation recorded 372 dead by violence in the month of September, while in June, July and August the total was 505 and 419 and 398 people respectively. The view that those numbers are part of the regular models of violence that have emerged since the end of the sectarian civil war: and this is precisely the intake during the violence and by going to the summer, when the rebels stepped up their operations. And if this means anything, the evolution of civil war Syria will lead to opposition suggested by Landis: It is intended, shrinking violence, as long as it appears that many of the Sunni insurgents and Shiite Iraq had entered into Syria to help the rebels or the Assad regime. And trying to draw a link with Syrian civil war, the Landes misses the real problem in the increasing complexity of the tactics of Iraqi insurgents. In fact, the analysts such as Haidar al-Khoei and Brchant Rua have noticed increasing Alastmal of technology developed by the rebels, and their ability Athbtoha Baltkhva in the form of the Iraqi security forces. This problem can be linked to the fact the American withdrawal, although it was not an inevitable consequence of the withdrawal of the American and the rather weak as a result of decisions by the Iraqi government.
As noted Michael Knight in an interview with Joel and Wang, the Iraqi government has decided after the U.S. withdrawal release some of the detainees who were arrested by the Americans. Some reasons for this decision was without a doubt the premise that he is no longer there now occupying foreign forces on Iraqi territory, and these detainees will return to normal life, and probably also know that they will not be able to topple the government. Has proved afterwards that that hypothesis is wrong, and instead of re-integration, a large number of them sawed simply link rebel groups such as al Qaeda in Iraq. And guided by ideology, they simply Tmhluwa in their time when they were not being held, and think about how to carry out attacks more complex and become identical with Iraqi security forces operations. The result also expressed Knight, is that "Al Qaeda benefited from unprecedented spring trained terrorist force." And that therefore, not Syrian civil war, describes allegations U.S. and Iraqi officials that al Qaeda has reinforced its strength by President training camps in Anbar.
What about the future? Certainly the fact that many of the Sunni Arabs in Iraq feel that their position will be strengthened if the government dissolved the Sunni-dominated Sunni replace the Assad regime. Although it is very important to note that the year concerned they did not say that they intend to return to the camp of the armed rebellion against the Iraqi government.
Secondly, with delivery destruction harsh infrastructure in Syria caused by the civil war, as well as also demographic problems, and internal displacement which Aaza to Climate change and dwindling oil resources, and the presence of components militant jihadists and Almtsadamin strongly ideologically with ingredients other rebel (among other things) , the Syrian government fails Assad is likely to be severely weak and far from being able to catch their domestic problems - including serious insurgency - instead of supporting and arming the Sunni brothers in Iraq.
Third, even if the availability of time and the ability of the Syrian government to focus on the defense of the Sunnis in Iraq, there is no reason to believe that Damascus after Assad will do it military support for the rebels who received until now a large degree of lack of popularity among Iraqi factions, due to their barbarity. In contrast, while recognizing the links Syrian trade with Iraq, the post-Assad regime will very likely that tries to act as mediator and mentor in Iraqi politics, are similar to what Iran is trying to promote itself between Shiite ingredients.
Finally, the point of view of the Lunds on how the work of the Iraqi policy based simply too much on ethnic paradigm - sectarian. It omits how the main issue in Iraq today is not the crisis Sunni - Shiite, but the monopoly of power of Nuri al-Maliki, who built a base of support from many of the year, whether in the judiciary or the armed forces.
The fact, Shiite Vbikunhm, it is no guarantee to secure the friendship of the Prime Minister, as is shown by the fact that recently went against the President of the Central Bank of Shiite Shabibi. This move was not supported outside Maliki's coalition of state law, and looked at him broadly being a unilateral attempt by the Prime Minister to devote extensive control of the government.
In short, the Lunds exaggerates the threat of the spread of civil war from Syria into Iraq. Iraq a political driving Bakoah country and the security that must be taken into account before the claim or assumption rapidly binds between the Syrian civil war and the supposed increase instability growing in Iraq.
Author researcher at the Middle East Forum and a student at the Faculty Barsnoz at Oxford University
*************** wonder if they are doing such survey work in the disputed areas as well which could be used as a " referendum " **************
Interior: the completion of field surveys for the security of the population
The time on Wednesday, 12 December, 1/2012 06:09. | Published on Wednesday, 12 January 1 / December 2012 06:09. | Written by: Spectra. | |
Baghdad / Orr News
Interior Ministry completed Field surveys for the security of the population. The ministry spokesman Colonel Saad Maan "The ministry has completed surveys the field of population and security which would regulate security operations and reduce the spread of terrorist groups in the safe areas."
He continued that "the survey was conducted through questionnaires distributed among citizens in the areas of Baghdad and the provinces include information on the number of family members and the ownership of the housing and the work of the head of the family." He Ma'an that the ministry will retain the information produced by the survey in order to monitor terrorist groups. The spokesman added security that "These surveys will provide accurate information base, especially to have focused on the census lessors and owners of the houses."
The Interior Ministry began early last month conducted the first population survey to bolster security regionally.
Fun mood prevails in Arbil, Sulaymaniyah and Dohuk - a three major cities in Iraqi Kurdistan - in these days again, and for good reasons. Iraqi Kurds, who occupy the province which is governed by the independent Kurdish regional government, they have a lot to celebrate.
They enjoy the security and relative stability compared with the rest of Iraq and are proud of moderation and open society, and also, during the past years, it has received a response tremendous confidence in their economy activist of some top international oil companies, including Exxon Mobil, Chevron, Total and Gazprom, all signed contracts exploratory with the regional government Kurdish. Kurdistan, not Iraq alone to build a booming unprecedented, but people now يتمفصل as you are not in the account days: the day Sathrron of Iraq is nearby. As supplied the Kurdish press, they are getting dimension increasingly for the government of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki; and personal relations between Maliki and President of the Kurdish regional government, has receded more than any other time, preventing them from resolving disputes decisive about power, land and energy resources. In June last year, tried to Barzani and other opponents to topple Prime Minister owners through no-confidence vote, and in spite of their failure to do so, it has remained significantly ambitions alive.
The Kurds are a victim of history and geography, and in occasions overstay their own ambitions. For almost a century, has struggled to liberate themselves from the central control and to overcome their beleaguered. Today, the province rapidly changing present them with new allies and mature opportunities. So far, there are good reasons to believe that the Kurds will postpone their quest for statehood again, and mostly traded away from the bosom of Baghdad gorge for more easy reliance on Turkey.
Despite the fact that Ankara supported for a long time and the territorial integrity of Iraq as a buffer against Iranian influence and as an officer against separatist incentives among its own Kurdish population themselves, the Turkish government headed by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan has recently started strategic transformation. Since 2008, it has established close economic bond with the Kurdish regional government, through the opening of borders and encourage Turkish investments in the Kurdistan region has deteriorated relations with Baghdad because of Maliki shift to an authoritarian regime and increase the sense in Ankara that al-Maliki has been employed as a proxy for Iran.
The question is to what extent will go Turkish leaders - whether they may تحضروا to ignore their plan first, any strengthening a unified Iraq, or an alternative plan in conjunction Territories isolated from Baghdad such as the Kurds and the provinces that Sunnis form the majority where in northern Iraq, and risk splitting Iraq. So far, the speech in Ankara has changed. Officials no longer refer to Iraqi unity as something that has to be him;, but now is a "priority". It is said that Erdogan had promised Barzani that Turkish troops will protect the Kurdish region in the event of a military attack from Baghdad. Even if the visit is announced by the Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu to the disputed city of Kirkuk in August were not meant to allocate support for the demands of the Kurdish regional in Iraq, the reaction Baghdad inflamed showed that the visit had been understood that way.
Maliki has announced plans to set up a new military command in Kirkuk, and there are also other indicators unstable in the further militarization of the city. And Barzani for his part, offers to Turkey strong incentives shift from Baghdad: a steady flow of more than one million barrels of oil a day through a series of pipes direct that are now set up, barrier Sunni Kurd stable on the borders of Turkey South East against the Maliki government, dominated by Shiites and help government Kurdish regional stop Kurdish rebels from expansion to the Kurdish areas in Syria.
For Turkey, however, the risk of mobilizing support for the Iraqi Kurds are enormous. Frac fragmented will strengthen Iran's quest for regional domination and independent Iraqi Kurdistan will increase even more powerful Turkish Kurdish minority itself. Turkish leaders face serious trouble. Understand They can not predict the outcome of the crisis in Syria or to what extent will strengthen the Kurds in the four countries in which they live through the crisis. So far, Turkey, that compelling need access to Iraq's energy resources, and as long as the frosty relations with Baghdad, Ankara seems willing to buy oil directly from the Kurds without a green light from the Maliki government. Such a move will help the Kurdish region to gain more autonomy from Baghdad and give effect to Ankara. But it will not produce state. In the end, it will remain Iraq's Kurds tied, but more and more as part of their terms. Problematic and extradite their history, this is serious progress and provides the foundation to build something even better.
The writer is deputy director of the International Crisis Group's Middle East and North Africa, and the subject search breaching of the rules will be published in the Foreign Policy magazine for the month of November - where I own
Sadrists are angry and threatening to burn Dawa Party offices
The time on Wednesday, 12 December, 1/2012 05:47. | Published on Wednesday, 12 January 1 / December 2012 05:47. | Written by: Spectra. | |
Baghdad / Orr News
Threatened demonstrators in Sadr City and Shula burning offices Islamic Dawa Party led by Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki because Maosvoh corruption which يزكم الانوف for arms contracts Russian, Ukrainian, corruption Sonar "Anbh" as they described was raised slogans condemning the policy pursued by the Prime Minister in dealing with key issues in the state including the issue of services!.
According to independent sources in the city inhabited by the majority belong to al-Sadr slogans filed by demonstrators denounced the rule of law and corruption that prevail in the country and called for improving the ration card items and accounting and Minister of Electricity and the ministry's failure to deal with the electrical power
The sources added that the pieces of the army and police began strengthening their positions in the city in anticipation of clashes between protesters and security forces military, indicating that military reinforcements taken from the headquarters of the Dawa Party, a place in anticipation of burned after vowed citizens of those offices by burning various means Maindhir also suggests independent sources war in the city between government forces and citizens belonging or belonging to Mr. Muqtada al-Sadr's movement.
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki has described the statements issued by al-Sadr as the meaning which has stoked anger among the Sadrists Madfhm to respond to al-Maliki strongly in debates shipped political parties and make the country on the brink of confrontation Athmd consequences.
Sources reported that Maliki disturbed by the Sadrists twice, once by his constant criticism of the government and inciting and again because of an attempt chest incision Shiite alliance and alignment with the twin enemies Kurdistan Alliance and the Iraqi List.