Everything you need to know about iraq sanctions/ chapter 7/ resolutions
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Thread: Everything you need to know about iraq sanctions/ chapter 7/ resolutions

  1. #1

    Everything you need to know about iraq sanctions/ chapter 7/ resolutions

    (we thank you for this!!)


    United Nations Sanctions after Iraq: Looking Back to See Ahead

    On May 22, 2003, the United Nations Security Council voted 14-0 to adopt a US-sponsored resolution advocating the formal lifting of UN economic sanctions against Iraq.
    These measures, imposed with US sponsorship when Iraq invaded Kuwait in August 1990, placed restrictions on Iraq's oil imports and put the expenditure of its oil revenues under UN control. Removal of these sanction measures was conditioned on the destruction by Saddam Hussein of all weapons of mass destruction, a situation rendered moot by the US military victory and occupation of Iraq during March-April 2003. The effort by the Bush administration to end the UN sanctions regime was intended to allow Iraq's extensive oil resources to be used to foster and facilitate that country's economic, political, and social recovery from the tyrannical regime of Saddam Hussein, as well as to finance reconstruction from the 2003 Iraqi war.

    Resolution 1483 paragraph 10 lifted all non military sanctions on Iraq May 2003
    Resolution 1483 (22 May 2003)
    Lifts non-military sanctions (para 10)
    Recognises Britain and the United States as occupying powers ('The Authority'), and calls on them to attempt to improve security and stability, and provide opportunities for the Iraqis to determine their political future. Creates position of UN Special Representative to Iraq, to coordinate UN activity. Requires establishment of Development Fund for Iraq
    Summaries and analysis can be found on pages 10-13 of the Open Society Institute paper "Reconstructing Iraq: a guide to the issues", and in this article from the American Society of International Law. A Parliamentary research paper (2 June 2003) provides a British government perspective.
    Initial US-UK draft (9 May)
    Revised US-UK-Spain draft (15 May)
    The Open Society Institute criticized aspects of this resolution, and suggested changes to allow greater supervision of the occupying powers
    RESOLUTION 1483:
    Security Council Res No 1483, UN Doc No S/RHS/1483 (2003). This resolution transfers legal control over Iraq's oil industry from the United Nations and Iraq to the United States and its allies. The proceeds will be used to finance Iraq's reconstruction, the costs of government administration, and completion of Iraq's disarmament. Oil revenues will be deposited in the Development Fund of Iraq and will be immune from claims by foreign creditors. The resolution also extends political legitimacy to US rule by providing for a US-administered Coalition Provisional Authority that will direct international reconstruction aid from international financial institutions and other governments. The United Nations is given a formal role through the Secretary General's appointment of a special representative to supervise UN relief and reconstruction efforts and participate in the political transition to an Iraqi government. Syria, the only Arab member on the Security Council this session, did not vote. See Colum Lynch, Security Council Ends Iraq Sanctions; U.S. Given Control over Economy, Wash Post A16 (May 23, 2003); Colum Lynch, U.S. to Propose Broader Control of Iraqi Oil, Funds; Draft Resolution Also Would End Decade of U.N. Trade Sanctions, Wash Post A1 (May 9, 2003); Mike Allen, Bush Urges U.N. to UJt Sanctions on Iraq; New Way of War Will Help U.S. Target Threats, President Warns, Wash Post A1 (Apr 17, 2003); Colum Lynch and Robert J. McCartney, Lifting of Sanctions linked to U.N. Role; War Opponents Place Conditions on U.S. Request for Iraq Aid, Wash Post A1 (Apr 18, 2003); John Mintz and Colum Lynch, Some Iraq Sanctions to Be Eased by U.S.; Lifting U.N. Sanctions Also Backed, Wash Post A1 (May 8, 2003). See Security Council Sanctions Committees: An Overview, available online at
    (visited Sept 17, 2003). http://www.allbusiness.com/legal/international-law/1014703-1.html

    UN CHAPTER 7 (specifically looking at article 41 regarding economic sanctions)
    United Nations Charter, Chapter 7: Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace, and Acts of Aggression

    Article 41

    The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of armed force are to be employed to give effect to its decisions, and it may call upon the Members of the United Nations to apply such measures. These may include complete or partial interruption of economic relations and of rail, sea, air, postal, telegraphic, radio, and other means of communication, and the severance of diplomatic relations. http://www.un-documents.net/ch-07.htm

    ALL UN RESOLUTIONS PERTAINING TO IRAQ: http://www.iraqanalysis.org/info/343
    Last edited by Mona Lisa; 12-05-2012 at 03:22 AM.
    If you think today is good, just wait til tomorrow!!

  2. #2
    For current news on Chapter 7, read:

    Chapter 7 Articles: Let's follow the progress together http://www.dinarupdates.com/showthread.php?9257-Chapter-7-Articles-Let-s-follow-the-progress-together
    Last edited by Mona Lisa; 11-27-2012 at 06:37 PM.
    If you think today is good, just wait til tomorrow!!

  3. #3

    My Contribution..

    UN Documents

    Security Council Resolutions

    S/RES/2001 (28 July 2011) extended UNAMI's mandate until 28 July 2012.

    S/RES/1958 (15 December 2010) terminated the Oil-for-Food programme and established an escrow account to provide indemnification to the UN with regard to the programme for a period of six years.

    S/RES/1957 (15 December 2010) terminated the Weapons of Mass Destruction-related Chapter VII measures that Iraq was subject to and urged Iraq to ratify the Additional Protocol to the Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement with the IAEA as soon as possible.

    S/RES/1956 (15 December 2010) extended the Development Fund for Iraq and related immunities a final time until 30 June 2011 and affirmed that five percent of Iraqi proceeds from oil sales would continue to be deposited into a compensation fund after that date.

    S/RES/1284 (17 December 1999) established UNMOVIC and requested the Secretary-General to report to the Council every four months on the compliance by Iraq with its obligations regarding the repatriation or return of all Kuwaiti and third-country nationals.

    S/RES/692 (20 May 1991) established the UNCC and the UN Compensation Fund.
    Secretary-General's Reports

    S/2012/185 (29 March 2012) was the latest Secretary-Generalís report on UNAMI.

    S/2011/795 (22 December 2011) was the first report of the Secretary-General pursuant to paragraph 6 of resolution 1956 about the UN Compensation Fund.

    Selected Letters

    S/2012/332 (4 May 2012) was from the president of the Governing Council of the UN Compensation Commission to the president of the Council.

    S/2012/309 (10 May 2012) was from Iraqís Ambassador Hamid al-Bayati to the president of the Council, updating him on the handover of some of the missing Kuwaiti belongings.
    Meeting Record

    S/PV.6747 (10 April 2012) was Koblerís briefing to the Council.
    Security Council Press Statements

    SC/10490 (15 December 2011) expressed the Councilís intention to continue funding for the activities of the high-level coordinator for missing Kuwaiti persons and property.

    SC/10307 (30 June 2011) welcomed the Iraqi governmentís assumption of autonomy over the DFI.

    SC/10289 (22 June 2011) expressed the Councilís intention to continue funding for the activities of the high-level coordinator for missing Kuwaiti persons and property.
    Other Relevant Facts

    Secretary-General's High-Level Coordinator for Iraq-Kuwait Missing Persons and Property

    Gennady Tarasov (Russia)

    Full Forecast

    GO TO THIS LINK TO ACCESS EACH RESOLUTION: http://www.securitycouncilreport.org...2012brIraq.htm

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