o translation term
Iraq plan to inspect Iranian aircraft passing through the airspace to Syria may be consolation for the United States, but they at the same time showing how the Syrian crisis prompted Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to a delicate balance between its allies key, when faced Maliki frenzy parliamentary this year adopted on Tehran to withdraw influence for some politicians. But after the United States complained publicly that Iran was using Iraqi airspace in the transfer of arms and men to help Assad fighter Western-backed rebels, informed Baghdad and Washington that it will inspect Iranian planes randomly.
Nine years after the American-led troops toppled Saddam's regime, and after nine months of its withdrawal from the country became al-Maliki is heavily dependent on Tehran - the enemy of Washington. It is based on Iran for political support at home, in order to support areas of the Sunni-dominated, where does not have a lot of friends there. But he still needs the Americans also for military assistance from the side, and the pursuit of foreign investment and international trade to rebuild the oil industry on the other. With Syrian civil war that spark confrontations in the Middle East between Muslims from both communities and between Arabs and Persians, al-Maliki is trying to ensure a place for the interests of Iraq - and to his own advantage.
Says Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari, "We try to take an independent position is based on our national interests." Iraq says he is pursuing a policy of non-interference in Syria, but he remains close to Tehran's position by rejecting the demands of the West and the Arab League in disqualification Assad. For owners who had already fled to Syria and Iran as an activist on the run from the brutality of Saddam, the defeat of al-Assad and delivered Islamists to power in Syria could add another threat to the threat faced by those who are the rebels inside Iraq. Maliki said "We reject the attempt to overthrow the regime by force because that will ignite the fuse wide crisis in the region." Says one diplomat involved in the region, "it seems that this concern - not pressure from Iran - that drives al-Maliki. Cares about its own interests may be its relations with Iran part of that, but I do not think that the interest of Iran will invest the interests of al-Maliki."
Maliki knows exactly benefits to keep Iran at his side, they helped him secure second presidential cycle in 2010 by persuading Shiite factions united their strength and numerical superiority on the Sunnis and Kurds and independent groups. At the same time, diminished the impact of Washington's leader she saw one day more interested than others interests even before the U.S. withdrawal when Maliki said that Iraq could not grant legal immunity for American power remaining in Iraq, but Washington still has the weight can pull it from Maliki. Says MP Amer Kanani "not risk-Maliki relationship with the United States, but would send a message saying that they support to stay in power and this has nothing to do with religion, but interests." Washington has allowed sales of weapons - including tanks - worth two billion dollars to Iraq in 2012 alone and will soon receive Baghdad more than 30 F-16 aircraft will form the backbone of the new air force for Iraq. As that American officers involved in the training of Iraqi forces. With Obama's campaign for the presidential elections, suggested some Americans pressure more on Iraq in order to stay away from Iran but diplomats Americans are tired of the pressure that may have backfired on Maliki, and Foreign Ministry declined to appeals for threatening Iraq to withdraw aid him if did not stop the Iranian jets cross into Syria.
Says Stephen Biddle, a professor at George Washington University, "Maliki has a lot of reasons to keep Assad in power, also said Iran would prefer that too, which requires it to strengthen ties with Iraq., But that does not mean that al-Maliki will ignore what the U.S. wants. Maliki wants help from anywhere, and the United States can provide high-quality weapons that Iran can not provide. "
Syrian crisis and sectarian unrest there, pose a big question mark on how the success of al-Maliki his future relations with Washington and Tehran. The complex relationship Maliki Assad basis, during the height of the insurgency in Iraq criticized the leaders of Iraq Damascus for allowing the flow of foreign militants, among them al Qaeda fighters across the desert border between the two countries, as members of the Iraqi Baath Party who had taken refuge in Syria. But since that time to develop its relationship with Damascus with an increased risk of fall of Syria to the rebels, which could harm Iraq. Syria relies today on whether or how the fall of the Assad regime.
Western or Arab intervention in Syria - which may displace Assad and focus of the Government of Syria broad-based - may be an aid to Iraq. But chaotic collapse and the rise of a hostile regime could threaten al-Maliki and pay more toward Iran, which in turn may increase the focus on Baghdad if they lose Damascus. Says Kenneth Pollack of the Brooklyn Institute for Middle East Policy in Washington, "There is no doubt that Iranians Sevzon often due to the collapse of Syria and the loss of their ally, but they will increase their efforts in Iraq. Both of which will make it difficult for Maliki to take an independent course".