A report published by the BBC and the presence of 23% of Iraqis today live below the poverty line, indicating that they are in dire need of government support. Said the BBC in the report: that Iraq spent about 5 billion annually on food distributed to the population, and that on the west bank of the Tigris River in northern Baghdad, standing silo, one of the remnants of rare British rule in Iraq, has built the Hermitage during World War II for the purpose of feeding the British soldiers, and on the right on its side stand the structure of the longest of which was built in 1962 by the Soviet Union, when the Iraq deal briefly with the communist countries’ .
There were several trucks loaded with sacks of rice and wheat moving to unload its cargo, and all around were Swarms of pigeons looking for grains falling. The report said that ‘the place owned by the grain in Chit’s state-owned, imported rice and wheat to be distributed to the population, and is stored about 12 thousand tons of wheat, which represents a small portion of what items imported Iraq every month, which amount to a quarter of a million tons, and the vast majority of Iraqis get their share of almost free. “For more than two decades, the Iraqi government took over the management of distribution system in a large-scale, as citizens to get through it very necessary items at nominal prices.
The government would like the current Iraqi system reform, but it faces difficulties , and this site that is storing grain is receiving less and less year after year, and there is no diversity, has been the application of this system after the UN Security Council imposed sanctions on Iraq after its invasion of Kuwait in 1990, after more than nine years to lift the sanctions regime, Iraq is still spent about $ 5 billion annually on food distributed by the population, and include materials that are distributed to the population: sugar, oil, and milk for children of families in which infants, and the grain is responsible for rice and wheat, which is converted to flour before distribution.
The report quotes an official media in the form of grain proudly saying, ‘We are dealing with more than three million tons of wheat a year’, but some of this wheat in vain it seems, some do not even claim his share of the flour of 9 kg per person per month.
Recognizes Hassan Ismail, Director General of the Iraqi Grain Board, says: ‘Sometimes there is a saturation in the market, especially flour , because the people in the cities no longer Abzon bread in their homes, but people in rural areas consume all of their shares of flour they need it ‘.
And transmits a BBC report about a construction worker from Baghdad, saying: ‘We have had to get the only edible oil and rice, and flour in some cases, there is no tea or washing powder, not even salt. ‘ He adds after fear of cancellation of the ration distribution system: ‘everything will end soon, better get used to to it. ‘ The government insists it has no plans to put an end to this system, it seeks only to introduce gradual reforms. She says: ‘with a monthly income of more than 1.5 million Iraqi dinars, not entitled to ration anymore’.
But between the Director-General to ‘try to perform a new procedure entered is already in trouble, and justify that by saying it is not easy at the moment following the entry of people in Iraq, and the government lacked the databases on the income of people, we can track the income of workers in the public sector only, and may there will be some who work in the private sector with an income up to more than 10 million Iraqi dinars a month, however still receive their share of the materials’ .
Like most programs of support in all parts of the world, the system is difficult in terms of political reform, and politicians use it most clearly to exert pressure. Despite allegations of corruption and incompetence, the credit goes to the public distribution system to achieve food security for a large segment of the population of Chit during the past two decades.