Closer US mediation between Baghdad and Erbil, leading to the conclusion of a new oil
Closer US mediation between Baghdad and Erbil, leading to the conclusion of a new oil agreement
05/10/2016 (0:01 pm) - The number of readings: 101
BAGHDAD / Reuters
Diplomats, officials and experts in the oil sector said that shuttle diplomacy carried out by Brett Mcgork, the US president's envoy to the International Alliance against Daesh, led to the conclusion of an oil agreement between Iraq and the Kurdistan region has importance in a decisive battle with al-awaited Daesh.
The sources said that the agreement signed by dividing the oil revenues in August is vitally important to carry the central government and the government of the Region to coordinate planning for the attack on the stronghold of the organization in Mosul blockaded by Kurdish Peshmerga forces from three sides.
And the movement of Brett Mcgork back and forth between Arbil, capital of Iraqi Kurdistan region and the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, starting from the first half of April and reached his tours culminated in a meeting held in Erbil on June 19 with Massoud Barzani, president of the Kurdistan Regional Government and Faleh al-Fayad, Iraq's national security adviser.
A senior source with close ties to the Kurds that Barzani "met Mcgork He can not appreciate the Mosul. We need oil revenues. Had it not been Mcgork Since this deal at all."
It is located near the Kurdistan region of a number of major oil fields in northern Iraq it is that unlike export revenues protracted dispute and became entangled.
In early 2014, Baghdad, reduced funding for the Kurdistan region, which then began to export oil independently through a pipeline to the Turkish port of Ceyhan funds.
In March oil company stopped north of the state in Iraq, for pumping crude oil through the line of fields operated in Kirkuk, and were under the control of the Kurdistan Regional Government since the collapse of the Iraqi forces two years ago when it swept through the organization Daesh one-third of the area of Iraq.
The move reduced oil revenues for about a quarter of the Kurdish region, which has increased the budget crisis amid lower oil prices and clashes with Daesh. Iraq relies, the military coalition led by the United States, the Kurds cooperate in the recovery of Mosul Daesh and eliminate the "Caliphate State" announced.
For Washington, the defeat Daesh of the main objectives of its foreign policy in the second term of President Barack Obama's rule, which would leave the post of president in January.
Progress has been made in the month of August towards the agreement aimed to restore the flow of oil from the Kirkuk fields where public statements show that Mcgork visited Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi in Baghdad on August 11, two days after he met with Nechirvan Barzani and Faleh al-Fayad in Erbil.
According to sources in Arbil, the Kurdistan Regional Government informed Mcgork and Baghdad, it lost revenues of about one billion dollars since March, as the Kirkuk field was re-pumping about 150 thousand barrels per day in the ground rather than exported to the rest of the production of the Kurdistan region of about 450 thousand barrels per day to world markets via Turkey.
That prompted both parties to reach a final agreement was announced in the wake of a meeting held on August 29 in Baghdad between Abadi Mcgork and Nechirvan Barzani.
Under the agreement, it is exported up to 150 thousand barrels per day of crude oil through the Turkish port of Ceyhan that share the Kurdistan Regional Government and Baghdad revenue equally.
This led to the largest avoid a split in the same Kurdistan region. Local authorities that control of Kirkuk calling for the shipment of oil to Iran rather than ship it to Turkey was which was rejected by the Governments of Erbil and Baghdad, as well as Washington.
He said a senior Western diplomat in Baghdad said a breakthrough attitude contributed to the start of a separate dialogue on the arrangements for the troops battle Mosul and disputed internal boundaries between the central government and the Kurdistan region.
A senior Western diplomat told Reuters that since the conclusion of Kirkuk agreement promised the Kurds on an informal basis to keep the Peshmerga forces outside the city of Mosul itself to allowing Iraqis to using land they control are in the present time around the city to prepare troops for the attack, which was allowed to accelerate planning for battle.
It now appears that the Iraqi army would start crawling on the Mosul by the end of October, something that would have been inconceivable a few months ago. Barzani visited Baghdad last week for the first time in more than three years in a sign of improving relations.
To Mcgork who studied the role of the law in some of the most difficult conflicts in Iraq since the invasion led by the United States toppled Saddam Hussein in 2003 until now. He has helped as a consultant to the occupation authorities in the drafting of an interim constitution and oversee the transition of power to an interim Iraqi government.
And called Mcgork increasing numbers of American troops, a policy that credited in part to stop the sectarian violence that peaked in Iraq in 2006 and 2007.
When organizing Daesh swept a third of Iraqi territory in the middle of 2014, played a key role in the payment Prime Minister al-Abadi to power to tackle this threat.
A spokeswoman for the US Embassy in Baghdad in response to a question about the oil accord "We attribute the Iraqi government, all the credit in this agreement."
Asked Tony Blinken, Deputy US Secretary of State during a visit to Baghdad last month about this matter, he said he was optimistic the efforts made in recent weeks.
A spokesman for al-Abadi said the United States and the international community played a "role can not be denied" in promoting dialogue between Baghdad and Erbil, with respect to exports from Kirkuk. Which raised the level of confidence and contributed to progress on other issues. A spokesman for the Kurdistan Regional Government did not respond to requests for comment.