One of the pillars of national security, economic stability 9-21
One of the pillars of national security, economic stability
Faris Al Salman al-Rubaie *
The concept of national security
The concept of the national security of the state as an expression of the protection of the government and parliament of the state and citizens by imposing political and economic power policies, and diplomatic and military, including the concept and the wide range of challenges that affect the non-military or economic security of the state.
And for the safety of national security, the country needs for economic security, energy security, and the security of water and other episodes that collectively constitute the national security system.
The national security challenges may not be limited to traditional adversaries from other countries, but also from non-state actors such as drug cartels and others, multinational corporations and non-governmental organizations counterfeit, also includes the challenges of electronic attack Balvairusat natural disasters and events.
Henry Kissinger and former National Security defines the American Secretary of State (National) that any action community seeks its way to preserve their right to stay.
As Robert McNamara, former US Secretary of Defense, Viarafh as a means of evolution and development, both economic, social or political in light of guaranteed protection.
Thus, the national security concept, in the general definitions that create appropriate conditions for the implementation of strategic plans for comprehensive development in order to secure the state from home and abroad so as to push threats in different dimensions, to the extent that guarantees its people a stable life provide him with maximum power for the advancement and progress.
The pillars of national security
The National Security on three basic pillars: economic security, social security and political security, as follows:
1. Economic security: It is working to provide economic stability and the development of national industries and raise the living power of citizens and the provision of all the people, the requirements of materials and food services and the provision of progress, prosperity and achieve a state of self-sufficiency of local resources as well as human resource development and the creation of economic and social sustainable development.
2. Social Security: a peaceful coexistence among all components of the state through the acceptance of the other party and to respect the customs and traditions of other components, regardless of race, religion, sect or identity Awalhaour safe.
3. Military security: a sensor alarm armed and build defense capabilities and read the intentions of future threats in order to defend social security, economic and political.
It is granted, that he can not build a strong state without building a strong economy, it can operational budget financing and budget development and social well-being believes in stable security, political, and generates the conviction and enhances loyalty through the defense of the citizen of the security gains and economic, as well as the strong economy will provide construction of military force strong will defend its role for economic power and political power.
And economic strength depends on the diversification of the sources and the development and management in the best shape through key economic elements, namely:
That food security is an inquiry made by achieving self-sufficiency in agricultural production and animal at high rates, while the import of a few percentage from import through foreign policy and employing diplomatic tools to achieve strategic check vital influence in the importing of which countries and the protection of import sources agreements, as well as a strategic alternatives to sources of import so as to create high flexibility to meet the political and economic crises and natural disasters.
The failure to achieve a high rate of self-sufficiency will lead to the expansion of import and depletion of foreign currency as well as a bow to blackmail the states monopoly of strategic food commodities.
In order to achieve food security must be the expansion of the strategic crop production, as well as provides jobs and secures internal stability, and requires upgrading both vertically and horizontally in agricultural production in line with population growth and the abundance of water and the implementation of irrigation and drainage and reclamation projects.
The expansion of industrial crop production leads, in addition to meet domestic need, it achieves a financial surplus of hard currency, it can be used to cover the import of products that are not available in the country expenses, and thereby bridge the food gap and the gap in the trade balance.
B - oil and mineral resources
We have God on Iraq's enormous oil wealth, successive governments did not improve its investment as the best, and what distinguishes the oil wealth that it is virtually distributed among all provinces and territories, Iraq, as the gas found in oil reservoirs, as well as independent gas reservoirs.
The gas burned and wasted for decades, has recently been engaging in the exploitation of gas in a limited way without the level of ambition.
Sulfur is also present in Iraq two types: miners and oil, and last companion of crude oil and separates in refineries, and must be the expansion of the establishment of industries using sulfur both types, as well as the creation and development of ports, raw sulfur factory for export, and to find foreign markets for export.
Iraq also needs to set up petrochemical industries offer new products fill the market need as a first stage and the surplus is exported as a second stage, and the industry can export a substitute yield parallel to the oil supply, bringing Iraq could maneuver if oil prices fell.
If we had to so Thspena industry during the three past fifteen years when Iraq was going through the current financial Bazemth resulting from reliance on oil as the sole source of hard currency for the economy and we have established a solid state of a diverse and multi-resource.
The oil is a finite material which is threatening Iraq's next generation, especially with the innovative techniques have helped to extract crude oil and provided the opportunity for the entry of new producers to the market, which led to break the monopoly of producing countries and increasing the supply, which Edorh lead to lower prices, and this is exactly what happened, when he invented the oil shale and sandstone and gas extraction techniques.
Also, the other challenge is to create a new industrial technologies competing oil energy such as biofuels and clean energy or renewable source, and this in turn has become a mandated decreasing with the increase in the proportion of use, and this will inevitably lead to their replacement substitute for fossil power plants with fuel.
Also, the development of hybrid car engine represents a step forward towards the production of an electric car with engine large torque and works with electricity completely, which would in turn shift in the auto industry and are dispensing fuel Alhaadrokarbone forever, not to mention the global trend supports abandoned and technologies that use fossil fuel industries on the grounds that it contributes to environmental pollution and the emission of gases.
T - Industry
The industry of the pillars of economic security which is part of national security, they provide jobs and the transfer of technology and contribute to raising the standard of living of citizens, and should be based on national industry and capital in order to does not become hostage to foreign powers.
It must also state that the diversity of its industry between civilian industries to produce goods for domestic consumption and for export, and military industries, or the so-called war production in order to reduce dependence as much as possible on the major countries exporting weapons.
It must be borne in mind that the manufacturing sites close to the areas where the raw materials, taking into consideration securing production sites so that they are far from the border, or the expected areas of conflict in the future, which will be the scene of military operations.
Trade divided into internal and external, as internal trade relies on procedures and internal policies adopted by the state within the geographical area of the country, to ensure the smooth movement of goods and services legally and smooth away from monopoly and dumping while preserving the rights of the consumer.
And other events linked to trade complementary in turn provide jobs such as transportation, marketing and advertising services, readjustment and restructuring, innovation and development ... etc.
Internal trade the security of transportation routes and availability is also linked to, and constitute a contract commercial transport vital nerve of the state in terms of daily operations and sustain the same time constitute a strategically target for an enemy of plotting to sabotage or occupation.
As for foreign trade, they rely on the possibility of the state to find export outlets of national products in light of the intense competition and the Wild to control the markets, resulting from globalization and the control of the multinational and intercontinental companies on global markets, as well as dumping and antitrust policies practiced.
And enhance the ability of these companies, liberalization of capital and open markets to developing countries allowing freedom of movement of capital, helped by rapid and short investment medium and sometimes, which led to speculation and the migration of liquid foreign exchange and create economic problems and cash to these countries.
The protection of markets and their durability is one of the duties of two of the National Intelligence and National Security, the negative Vakherq system of export markets will reflect on the loss of export markets and the decline and contraction of financial flows in hard currency.
Foreign trade is often practiced by the state in order to protect its national security through official channels constitutes a breach of a violation of the rule and aggression, that is, they create a deterrent psychologically and morally to the enemy, and it depends reciprocate at least policy.
In contrast, the multinational and intercontinental corporate power has become a dominant global trade and is trying to extend its control over international trade to replace the trade agreements (with the State of the State) to become (the state with the multinational company).
There are countries trade routes constitute a normal result of President of hard currency such as Egypt and Panama, so note that they invested in the expansion of the fallopian Suez and Panama in order to adapt to the growth of international trade requirements and technical requirements for transport modern in terms of tonnage and immersion and reduce the transit time.
It is an important and essential element in the economic security, then the availability of central bank oversees monetary policy and the performance of the national financial institutions represented the government and the mixed and private banks which deposited the national capital, whether state institutions or companies or citizens as individuals.
So, the central bank immunization in any state of penetration, especially as the penetration of intelligence or penetrate economic sabotage Atstran Berqa financial corruption called Ki Admna not to reveal the list infiltration, and thus will be the death negligent at best according to a criminal matter revolves around bribery and embezzlement while she is a crime economic sabotage and betrayal super whether it was carried out on the knowledge or without the knowledge of the intentions of the enemy hidden, which is applicable to the government and private banks mixed (civil).
All these measures will lead to a decline in liquidity and to stagger the business processes and the reluctance of capital investment in new projects and even reduce the money invested in the existing business cycles in order to reduce risk.
That it is very important that filed the national capital in the national financial institutions to be invested by funding development projects in industry, agriculture, trade, tourism and Alkhaddmat..k and this will lead to job creation and reducing unemployment rates and reduces the appetite for government jobs and raise the the national employment rate and this in turn will lead to the upgrading of higher education and professional and develop the standard of living for individuals and groups.
The national capital is itself a productivity tool, if properly used, they produce a cash surplus can be stashed away or employed in part or in whole, provided used in economic activity a successful and well-planned.
Therefore, the requirements of national security, the State shall safeguard the economic security by providing stability and security and immunity of the national capital, because it has an important role in the development and increase the state's income and individuals.
The national capital stability will enhance other activities and thus supports the pillars of national and economic security, and this in turn will strengthen the national currency, as well as reducing the need for foreign loans that would have to pay benefits or services to religion and to succumb to the bargaining lenders and international institutions, as well as the formation of inhibitory or diluent shock protect against the impact of economic crisis Global.
In the final analysis, there are countries realized the importance of economic advancement and planned properly to maintain economic security and the advancement of their betterment, Japan has managed to overcome the geographical reality and the scarcity of natural resources and has become one of the major industrialized countries, although it does not have the energy sources and natural resources, as imports of raw materials From outside.
And was able to overcome the factors imposed by the nature that threaten its existence and its structure through optimal strategic planning as well as prudent management and absolute loyalty to the homeland.
It was established with the nuclear reactors to provide electrical energy has been set up manufacturing industries characterized by quality, creativity and innovation as well as the achievement of social justice and the welfare of the Japanese people.
Also, there are countries that were able to take advantage of its geographical position as a hub for re-export to neighboring countries, it has played Kuwait this role in the sixties and seventies and eighties but its role after 1990 receded to replace the United Arab Emirates Bdelha which became a commercial hub regionally and globally, and supported the establishment of free zones and molded them Industries in order to be close to consumer markets and supported so effectively targeted seasonal marketing, exhibitions and completed it with a network of roads, ports and airports as well as the establishment of hotels and invented the shopping tourism, has also increased its beaches area in a smart way by drilling parallel creeks of the coast and in the rear, and thus increased along the coast line, which It contributed to the rise in the value of a floor overlooking the industrial water bodies and creeks and sea tongues and artificial islands.
Such examples suggest that economic security is possible, needs a sound economic planning and conscious and keen on the welfare of its people and the political class, and God bless