Is it possible to convert the capital of "caliphate" in Iraq's capital of another kind? Iraqi academic answer

12-08-2016 | 3:44:00

Twilight News / re academician of Mosul said it was a road map and study the strategy to transform the province of Nineveh to the existing province itself by converting the districts where the provinces share the Arabs and the Kurds rule, Christians and the rest of the components within the capital, Mosul, Nineveh province after wrested from the grip of the organization Daash.

Said Prof. Dr. Sayar Gemayel, a personal academic known in Mosul on their profile in Facebook that the study prepared by the outcome of a large number of views and ideas and dialogues took a six-month period with the people of Mosul on self-determination after getting rid of Daash have unanimously agreed an action plan and a road map strategy on their city .

And controlled organization Daash Mosul since the tenth of June 2014 after the withdrawal of the army and police forces, including the Iraqi forces and the Peshmerga Edit areas limbs city of Mosul and managed and which is adjacent to the Iraqi Kurdistan region.

The Iraqi government began in May / May last, Order military Bhchudat near Mosul (the largest Iraqi city controlled by the organization, since June 2014), part of plans to restore control, and the government says it will regain the city from the organization before the end of the year.

Gemayel and former teaching at Mosul University Faculty of Arts Department of History, currently residing in Canada, called the study "accept Mosul / Nineveh" project at the beginning of the history and civilization of Mosul since ancient times.

He adds beautiful in the road map that under the difficult historical predicament of Mosul, and all administrative related accessories in the region / province of Nineveh, today, with the fear on the fate and the future of its population from being lost, more useful search strategy for a "realistic project", permitted by the Iraqi constitution, and approved population after a long suffering, in order to preserve its value and prestige, And maintains her family and her privacy geographically, historically and culturally, and civilized, and stave off the territory in all the difficult challenges experienced at home and abroad, not to mention the necessity of thinking and planning for how the situation post-liberation from the domination of Daash, which lasted more than two years, and for fear of civil war.

The region includes the administrative structure prepared by the researcher beautiful creation of several "provinces" are distributed as follows:

1) Sinjar, and includes Sinjar complexes with the Yezidi and hand Qahtaniyah (the majority of the Yezidi).

2) Tal Afar, and includes the city of Tal Afar and the surrounding area with Alaaadih and Mahlbah (the majority of the Turkmen), and can be separated or add Rabia and Zammar (Arabs and Kurds) as desired by the people of the area.

3) Nineveh Plain (Christian "life, Chaldeans and Athorien" - and Yazidi - and networks - and the Arabs - and the Kurds) can be a conservative and one or two provinces, according to the desire of the people of the region

4) south of Mosul (Hamam al-Alil,] advice, Qayyarah, urban Baaj .. and majority Arabs).

5) drunk (Kurdish majority).

6) be the city of Mosul province alone, the left and right wings of the Tigris River and dependencies of villages and rural areas, and monasteries, Mosul Dam ancient archaeological areas. It is the provincial capital.

Iraqi politicians and the military say that the preparations for the battle to liberate Mosul has been completed but there are political agreements have not yet ruled from the first of Mosul Tkmtl post-edit them.

The Iraqi government and the Kurdistan Region and involved meetings including unannounced and other secret US-sponsored search for solutions and the future of Mosul after its liberation.

And it controlled the Kurds on the territory within the administrative border of the province of Nineveh, and fought against Daash in order to edit, but its fate has not been decided yet in spite of being one of the disputed areas between the Kurdistan Regional Government and Baghdad and covered by the application of Article 140 of the Iraqi constitution.

The researcher says that the project in line with the Iraqi constitution is based on the materials Wara in the Iraqi laws in force as indicated:

First, based on the establishment of the province to the material (116 117 119, 120, 121) of the Iraqi Constitution, the following process steps set forth in the Act for the formation regions procedures No. (13) for the year (2008).

Second: According to Article 120 of the Iraqi constitution, the province will draft a constitution for the region, which determines the structure of the provincial authorities, and powers, and mechanisms of the exercise of these powers, that does not conflict with the Iraqi constitution

The Mosul, historically and through the ages, the capital of various countries, the Nineveh was the greatest capital of the Assyrian empire in classical times, and then became one of the oldest Christian centers in the east, along the two thousand years, and then became the second largest city after Damascus during the Umayyad era (41 - 132 AH / 662-750 AD), as it came from the Islamic conquests towards Anatolia and country

Armenia and the Caucasus and the Middle term .. then became the capital of the Islamic countries and states as the state Hamdania 317-394 H / 929-1003 AD and the state Alaqilah 386-489h / 966-1096m. The state Atabeg Zangid (521-660 AH / 1127-1261 AD), down to being the capital of the Government of the Galileans during the Ottoman period (1724-1834 AD), and then Iraq's second largest city in Iraq today. Therefore, it has the historical legitimacy of the establishment of any entity within the field of decentralized Iraq.

And completed a beautiful preliminary studies in Mosul and entered the Faculty of Arts & Humanities (now the Arts), Department of History, where he graduated in 1974 he traveled to England to study and received a doctorate in modern history of the Middle East from the University of St Andrews in 1982 he returned to Iraq and joined pedagogy talk at the Faculty of History Arts in 1984, but he worked as a lecturer in several Arab universities, including Tunisia first University and the University of Oran in Algeria and the University Hassan II in Morocco.

He traveled in 1992 to attend a conference in Jordan did not return to Iraq. He studied at the Jordanian universities and then moved to teach at the University of Qatar. Algerian and Tunisian universities have visited and participated in several scientific conferences in Iraq, England, France, Austria, Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria, Egypt and Turkey. It has more than 25 scientific papers academically.