Collapsed alliances and other emerging: Daash redraws the political map in Iraq

2016-07-22 02:12:00 | (Voice of Iraq) - Mustafa Habib

A few days ago began deputies collect signatures to change the Electoral Commission in preparation for local elections scheduled to take place in April of next year, and began blocs since now preparations to contest the first ballot witnessed in the country under the "Daash", but this time it will be a different game and that there are political forces collapsed and other emerging competing for government positions and has armed factions outside the framework of the state.

When "Daash" attacked Iraq in June 2014 was the political forces had completed just after arduous and lengthy negotiations took months to form local governments in the provinces after the elections in April 2013, and was due to these governments remain until the next elections scheduled for early 2017.

But "Daash" control of four Iraqi cities created a new political reality, Alliances soon after a year collapsed on the election, and the expulsion of several officials from their posts in exchange for the emergence of other officials, and emerged a new political alliances in line with the reality imposed by the "Daash."

In Diyala province northeast of Baghdad , was the political norm in Iraq after the 2003 stipulates that the post of the governor of the city (which is the highest office in Diyala) is the share of Sunni Arabs, while the share of the provincial council chairman of the share of Shiite Arabs, and after the elections in 2013 became Amer Nostra of " Islamic party "conservative.

After "Daash" an attack on the Diyala and control over a number of cities , notably Muqdadiyah, military and police forces have collapsed, but the "popular crowd" of Shia factions such as the "Badr" and "League of the Righteous" forces managed after a short battle of the expulsion "Daash" of Diyala and this victory made ​​Shiites are the strongest in the province despite the fact that the majority of population in the city of Sunni Arabs , and after them , the Shiites and the Kurds.

Shiite factions have become the main force in the province after their control on Sunni areas, called for the Shiite political forces to change positions in the province even managed to take the post of governor and elected Muthana al - Tamimi for this position is in the organization , "Badr" a member , led by the leader of the "popular crowd , " Hadi al - Amiri , who He succeeded in convincing members of the Sunni parties in the provincial council of the coalition with them.

In Anbar province in western Iraq managed to "Daash" control of the seven major cities , while one city remained under Iraqi government control, after fierce battles waged by the army and fighters clans since the beginning of this year, the government regained control of the four cities, but Anbar today suffer from political conflicts large bequeathed "Daash."

It decided last month to members of the local government in Anbar governor , Suhaib al- Rawi from his post , one of the members of the "Islamic Party", and handed the job to succeed former governor Ahmed al - Dulaimi , who was injured during his stay in one of the battles against the "Daash."

Now there are three strong core jostling for the political future of Anbar, the first is the "Islamic Party" who was in control of political offices in the city since 13 years , but his popularity began to decline not only in Anbar only, but in all the Sunni cities, and the second is a new coalition led by Iyad Allawi , the former prime minister.

Taha Abdul Ghani , a member of the new alliance called "national Anbar , " says for "debate" that "this alliance was due to the failure of politicians in Anbar after being conservative to the destruction of thousands of displaced people, and we will seek in the future to rebuild the province."

The third political force is the alliance of tribes that fought "Daash" along with the army, most notably the clans , "Albu Nimr" and "Aljughaifi" and "Po slaves" and "Albu Fahd", these tribes did not have any political representation, but after it became fighters tribal security force deployed in key cities freed from "Daash" has become the highest voice, the largest political ambitions.

Mohammed Fahdawi one tribal fighters , the leaders of South Gray says , for "discussion" that "political parties that Anbar ruled years ago is the reason while and has reached the province now from the devastation, there are half a million of its people have been displaced, and the cities are devastating and life in it, we will not allow the the future return of these parties. "

In Salahuddin province , north of the capital Baghdad, ebbed "Daash" influence significantly over the past two years, and is now dominated by a single city is the "Sharqat" north of the city, while life is returning gradually to the cities of Tikrit and Beiji, Scientific and role of Yathrib , despite the damage inflicted during the military operations.

But the current local government are not the same two years ago, as the post internalized Shiite factions in the "popular crowd" in the fight against "Daash" split - clans and compete for influence and financial contracts Lovers two teams of politicians, the first featuring the former governor Raed al - Jubouri, while the second , led by Ahmed Jubouri , who managed after a long struggle to get the post of governor, ironically that both the conservatives are cousins.

Signed Raed al - Jubouri , an alliance with the "popular crowd" and bet on the coalition to stay in office, and tried to justify the survival of "popular crowd" in the city after the fighting ends against "Daash", but the other team refused to do so and seeks to remove the "popular crowd" and restore security authority to the government local under the Constitution.

Nineveh province in northern Iraq, which prompted the bulk of tax attack "Daash" after it became the capital of Mosul "Caliphate State", who controlled the majority of the other cities, the city also has not escaped from the political changes because of "Daash."

Valmousel governed by Najafi 's family since 2009 and known as the mutual hostility with the federal government in Baghdad, the city lost power in 2015 when parliament voted to sack the governor of the city , Ethel Nujaifi from his position and was selected instead of him Nofal Sultan is close to the federal government.

Alliances that Mosul Provincial Council elections formed in 2013 became the collapsed rule, divisions and reached within a one - party, while the city is still under the control of "Daash" and the battle of liberation are on the doorstep, and certainly the battle and its aftermath would impose a new situation is reflected on the political side about who will govern Mosul after Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi , leader of Daash?

It is interesting that all the four provinces, dominated by the "Daash" It Anbar, Diyala, Mosul, Salahuddin undergone major political changes, and replaced all the governors , without exception, and the changed political alliances Sunni map often no longer are the same alliances before the "Daash."

New Shiite political forces

Effect "Daash" political on Iraq was not confined to the Sunni cities , but included Shiite cities in the south and Kurds in the north, despite the fact that the extremists did not take over any of the Shiite and Kurdish cities but the military threatened to these cities Find political conflicts where no less dangerous than the conflicts in Sunni cities.

When he attacked "Daash" Iraq announced top Shi'ite cleric Ali al - Sistani Jihad, came out of hundreds of thousands of the eight Shiite provinces Shiites to answer the call ( of Babylon, Karbala, Najaf, Wasit, Maysan, Dhi Qar, Muthanna, Basra, as well as Baghdad 's mixed population).

And it established dozens of new Shiite militant factions as well as Shi'ite factions founded by the attack , "Daash" and participated in fighting American forces, and later in the circle in Syria war alongside President Bashar al- Assad 's regime.

Now , with the success of the Shiite factions in the liberation of many cities in the country , "Daash" became it possessed influential broad popular and began political ambitions to emerge with the upcoming local elections approach, and has become a strong contender traditional Shiite parties that are hated by Shiites voters who hold these parties responsible for poverty and unemployment in their cities.

He says Salim al - Taie , a commander of one brigade "popular crowd" in the city of Baiji in Salahuddin's "Talk", "certainly we will participate in the upcoming elections because we want to fight political corruption after we finish the fight Daash .. We consider political corruption and Daash one thing."

The three main Shiite parties that dominate the Shiite share of positions in the state , a "call" party and the "Supreme Islamic Council" and the "Sadrist" began to feel the danger of losing its popularity in favor of the new Shiite factions, and began now intensive negotiations for an alliance with them, because everyone knows that the Shiite factions has become popular in the south of the country is certainly gaining wide vote in the elections.

Kurdish splits

In regards to the Kurdish Van province effect "Daash" Political produced the differences between the main Kurdish parties , a "Kurdistan Democratic Party" led by the region 's president , Massoud Barzani, and the "Patriotic Union of Kurdistan , " led by Jalal Talabani , " in addition to" change "movement led by Nyoshiroan Mustafa.

Since the 13 - year - old was a party Barzani and Talabani under the close alliance it was not affected by many of the crises experienced by the country, and Ouhdoa voices in the government and parliament Unionists in Baghdad, but "Daash" attack and disagreement about the role of the Peshmerga in the fight against extremists , the first deep differences that led to the Yahoo! the collapse of this alliance.

Today the cities of Sulaymaniyah and Irbil came under the rule of different parties, and arrived in the dispute to the demand by some Kurdish officials to the secession of both cities from each other and get back to what it was the situation before 2003.

With the local elections for the provinces closer political conflicts in Iraq larger escalate between conventional forces and the new forces seeking political representation as contributed in fighting the militant group, and these conflicts will be the next challenge in Iraq after the end of "Daash" phase, and the thing is certain that the next political map in Iraq itself will not be before the "Daash."