Economists: the re-establishment of the tax system needs to be bold steps in the fight against corruption and the fairness of the application of laws

04/24/2016 (00:01)

Baghdad / Ibrahim Ibrahim

Counting Economists, on Saturday, that the reactivation of the tax system needs to pack executive and legislative reforms to increase the financial resources of the country, stressing that the focus on imposing easy taxes, especially on public sector employees, hurt social justice in the distribution of income and wealth process.

The economist said Maytham and coffee, in an interview for the "long", that "there are difficulties in approving the tax laws and legislation, as well as the existence of conflicts between laws and international agreements , including the discrepancy between customs tariffs and international agreements law."

He added that "no tax vascular diversity and lack of compatibility with the growth and development of various economic activities , so it requires new laws and amendments to existing laws to get rid of weak sales taxes on goods and services. "

He pointed to coffee to" extreme centralization suffered by the tax system, and the slow pace of progress towards the management of local tax resources, in spite of the adoption of law 21 and law 19 , which stipulates the need to collect the different local resources. "

He added that" the complexity of the tax collection process measures, and weak fiscal management systems, and do not keep pace with the global Ttuarat, in addition to the length of time needed to collect the levy, factors that led to the depletion of financial resources , without the benefit of it. " Among " the decline in the tax awareness among taxpayers, due to lack of educational programs to the importance of taxes, in addition to the breadth of the manifestations of evasion, which is associated in one of the most important aspects of low productivity of public expenditure and the feeling of not providing the state to an acceptable level of public goods and services as well as social and political discontent due to the manifestations government performance failure and breadth of corruption and wastage rates. "

He pointed to the coffee that" the weakness of the relationship between the tax administrations and other parties such as taxes and customs , and the Central Bank and the private sector, and the modest capacity of human and material resources qualitatively and quantitatively, in addition to the lack of appropriate internal work environment, are considered obstacles to the implementation of the system tax. "

He stressed that" the failure of information technology systems, both in the field of collection methods of collection or in terms of non - electronic data and statistics about the taxpayers and activities covered by the project base and evaders pay offer contributed to the decline in non - oil resources of the government. "

He pointed to the coffee that" the lack of attention to unity senior financiers, going to the easy taxes, especially on public sector employees, hurt social justice in the distribution of income and wealth process, causing breach with the most important tax base which is justice.

The Prime Minister Haider al - Abadi, Saturday (February 21, 2016), reduce government spending dramatically to nearly half last month to less than half, calling to "reduce spending and get soft loans from the countries of the world." in turn, the financial expert , Mohammed Abdul Latif Al - Ani, in an interview for the "long", that "most of the world when in financial crisis, start looking for other ways to fill the budget deficit through activation of other financial resources , and the most important of the diverse taxes. "

He added that" the most important ways to sustain the funds traded in the local market is the taxes that are designated for several levels begin to companies and government institutions does not end with the simplest citizen can have good services to receive meeting his participation in the recycling of funds process. "

Explained Ani" the taxes help to provide services to citizens on an ongoing basis without relying on a fixed resource, as proven in previous years that the total Alcomerkamih and tax revenues did not exceed the best one situation trillion dinars due to poor management and laws underdeveloped that control the economy the state. "

He said the " tax system needs to activate the package of reforms uniformly without focusing on a particular sector , as happened with the activation of customs tariff law and neglecting several other economic laws could potentially bring the government billions of dinars within a record time if there genuine will to reform and change rentier system of the country. "

He added that" the focus on the process of imposing taxes on the public sector, especially state employees does not provide good amounts, but also works to increase public discontent over the government 's policies. "

He said al - Ani said" the executive organ of the state suffers from a lack of enforcement of laws and instructions issued by government and private process of austerity, where we note not to cancel the retirement of a lot of special grades due to circumvent the law and find solutions to keep their salaries alternatives as they are. "

He noted that" financial and administrative corruption widespread in the body of the state hinders the tax reform process and its development because of the dispersion of the government 's decision among several destinations political beneficiaries of the operations of corruption. "

the Prime Minister for economic Affairs Advisor to the appearance of Mohammed Saleh, confirmed Saturday (January 32 015) that the taxes imposed on the citizen will not be great but it will cover part of the budget deficit, noting that placed the government 's plans to raise taxes and loans external and internal cover the deficit, an economic expert called upon to develop a collection system " is protected from corruption" to obtaining the tax.