6 questions illustrate conflict of wills between the blocks around the "reform" .. and pressure technocrats

Tuesday 19 April 2016 | 20:59
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BAGHDAD / .. contributed to developments in the Iraqi arena through full Maigarb year a lot of changes on many levels, including the state, legislative and even institutional, which led to the division of the political class into two teams, one of them calling for an immediate repair and another committed to constitutionalism and legality, as well as careful investigation popular demands.

In this regard, highlighted the "eye of Iraq News" highlights the crisis six questions showing their roots and legibility highlighted Macabha of obstacles, to uncover the circumstances that accompanied the reform and advocates of the process, since much of the information contained is based on the report of the Political analyst Jumaa Atwani, and a number of politicians and observers.

1. What do you want the advocates of reform?

Most votes spin demanding reform on ending the crisis experienced by the country, whether political or financial, in addition to the axis actually improve the service, which was sparked protests from the start, based on demands more than most notably the ending of quotas and activate the judicial role and hold negligent in the performance of their duties with the base ministerial and senior positions, prior to heed demands the same about "government of technocrats" elevate by the citizen and rid the country of political parties the authority, as it proved those parties during the 13 years of state control facilities, inability to build a state of the level of ambition of the citizen, who Maanah suffered through the duration of the previous regime for decades, a dream state that would assure its simplest well-off requirements.

Here, apostates robe reform beating trying to water to get rid of injustice and quotas partisanship and put the right person in the right place, as a first step in the way of building the state, followed by sequel reform project aimed at serving the citizen to the fullest, but wills disparate and lack of agreement on a formula to achieve reform contributed significantly to the failure to achieve this requirement at all, for reasons relating to parliamentary rule and multiparty system that has helped to enter the leaders of political blocs to self-determination, and not to give the government only has the right to take decisions and implement system.

While many doubted the intentions of the political blocs that claim to reform and declared approach to achieve partisan gain or to benefit from the pressure of the masses for the collection and ministerial gains at the expense of home partners

2. Do you belong to the parties in power? Or outside?

Distributed voices calling for reform and change on more than one hand, and backgrounds and different terms of reference, including political ones, social Anizmata without neglecting the religious axis, which constitutes a large part of the Iraqi individual's thinking, and a link to this individual's particular religious symbols even in the absence of being a devout committed, but the dominant character in the this area is the top or audio sound political party, along with some civic movements.

Saw claims to reform a big turning point when installed Mujtha parties are classified as parties from within the government itself, Kaltaar rib, which accounts for three ministries, and a coalition of state law or the Dawa Party, which ruled the country for nearly a decade, calculates the duration of Prime Minister and current Haider al-Abadi.

Where these parties have taken the recipe demands for reform and change after a dormant state protracted, to announce the open-ended sit within itself the Iraqi parliament, and the dismissal of his body after he handed over a request to dismiss the three presidencies, the problem of a parliament again the will of its conflict with the first altogether, so it is the voices of change is voices of the parties in power, with the difference in the sound unit.

3. Reform under the influence of the street or the leaders and commanders, or religious authority?

Put more pressure on the one hand the government and parliament in order to achieve reform, as it is the players two primary where the Iraqi street, and leaders of the political process, or even symbols and leaders, and even before that Tendma some participation in the political process currents to demand reform, the street was an important factor in moving water change, as he led initially to reducing its government and tear surplus from other ministries together.

As leaders, it seems cleric Moqtada al-Sadr, the name of the closest distance when it comes to disclosure of the participation of leaders by clicking on the three branches of government, where he led a demonstration in Tahrir Square called which distal and proximal to participate, before placing a tent inside the Green Zone and marching for several days.

While paying the street and political leaders has become apparent in the demand for reform, eased light of authority in Najaf represented Sistani days taken silent about what happens after, so that a delegation of the protesters of Representatives, which inadvertently Najaf yesterday I did not receive them the answer, when Astvtaha for dismissal of the Speaker of Parliament, for only by saying that he "is, however, the political blocs, and will not interfere with its terms of reference it does not consider this their affairs, but would only guidance."

4 - How recent reforms movement in Iraq began?

Reform movement launched after the popular claims advocated by civic gatherings and even partisan -kalhzb Alchioaa- in more than eight provinces, to announce the Prime Minister about taken several steps towards the achievement of these demands, as she was referenced at the time went occasionally stressful Abadi to achieve this popular demands, and then announce Abadi knew what documents reform, House Speaker Vibah other document, until it became the word "reform" in circulation dramatically in the street.

Prior to that, it was sparked last year's demonstrations in Basra, in protest against power outages, but the views, rumored as a partisan views, replied the killing of protesters did not exceed twenty years old, to spread like wildfire from the far south to the capital, and demand better electricity grew up football snow to include the sacking of Minister of Electricity, who pulled him and defense Minister Khaled al-Obeidi at the time, the center of previous charges of negligence against the security forces in the Thar Thar and other areas.

Snowball did not stop at the deputy or the minister, but the judiciary also included, and the leaders of the political blocs, rising voices against the Chief Justice Medhat al-Mahmoud, before varied demonstrations to the demands of individual dismissals Kaqalh Minister of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Hussain al-Shahristani through demonstration white shirts or a demonstration train stations, which demanded the resignation of transport Minister Bayan Jabr workers.

5. Is Abadi man weakest .. While supposed to be the strongest?

Not been Chairman of the Council of Ministers after 2003 support given to the Prime Minister and current Haider al-Abadi, on the street to support religious authority that blessed the first steps level, where the demonstrations took place spontaneously supported the first decisions taken by Abadi Petrhik the post of Vice-presidents and ministers that, Vaitih predecessor Nuri Maliki, who held the position of vice president, and names like Najafi and al-Mutlaq, before they turn the vote against him, claiming his weakness and lack of ordinances grip on his entourage and the parties in power.

And Foote Abadi opportunity was looming on assented, after a draft government technocrats are built, to involve the remaining parties, the process of change, before they are themselves parties to submit their candidates bench, making the street hurt the bulk of the blame it, so that the committee established by headed by Mehdi al-Hafez patchwork of Takia criticism street to him , especially after the speech class as the weakest prime minister inside the parliament building, while the announced submission technocrat government, and concluded that the door is still open for the blocs to submit their nominations, while retaining the possibility of the amendment to the cabin, and followed by cabin again postponed voting on them until Alljzh.

6. Where the solution come from (abroad, the political movement)?

Despite the fact that the conflict is a test of wills between the political blocs, but that outside interference is considered an important factor in the equation, where he translated the visit of US Secretary of State John Kerry to Baghdad, the large role played by Washington crisis, to merge into speculation, which says that "Kerry advised Abadi stay away from the government of technocrats, "what makes the possibility of bringing the solution from Washington unlikely, but regionally, have not expressed any neighboring state for its position on the crisis openly, with the exception of some calls here and there, the need to achieve political calm and end the crisis.

In what is expected to be a solution, "Ktloya" Ptousel political blocs to an agreement about the visions of all parties towards each other, through the meeting determines the other outcomes of the crisis is conventions that have come to nothing despite repeated meetings between the three presidencies and political blocs, what makes it to the continuation of the option crisis and parliament split into two, or reach agreements disqualification of Ministers and the sufficiency legislative and regulatory side, a Matervdah prominent political blocs in view of their positions since the announcement of the change to the session on Tuesday.

While calling for a party of moderation team or who they sit outside the parliament to return to parliamentary and constitutional norms to resolve the crisis .anthy

From: Hussein Al-Attiyah