An international report: negative indicators rise in Iraq

10/8/2011 | (Voice of Iraq) - Baghdad / term we have published a few days ago, a summary of an international report released a week ago "Gallup" research and statistical outstanding and carry a title key "negative economic deployed in Iraq," and another secondary "in the midst of war and violence Aldaśran must be facing the people of this country is also economical dire. " The report stressed that "the level of dissatisfaction with the Iraqis from economic conditions in their country rose to the highest degree than it was over three years, highlights the challenges faced by the government at a time when it intends to States Nations to withdraw its troops. " The report shows "jumped the percentage of Iraqis who say the economy of the country the year is getting worse from 20% in early 2010 to 37% in 2011. and also increased the level of discontent with the Iraqis to the economic conditions in cities and regions in which they live. He says Thirty percent of Iraqis now that local economies are getting worse, which is twice the percentage who said so in early 2010. " According to the UN report, "he says nearly two-thirds of Iraqis that the time is bad to find a job in the city or region where they live , up from a ratio of 41% in early 2010. while the said sixteen percent of Iraqis - which is less than half the level at the same time almost one year before the time is now considered appropriate to find a job at the local level. " suggest a poll conducted by the "Gallup" to "the devastation inflicted on eight years of the war on Iraq and on the psyche of his people. in an opinion poll conducted by Gallup in 2004 - after nearly a year of forces from the United States, the United Kingdom and other countries invaded Iraq and toppled Saddam Hussein - He said nearly half of Iraqis (46%) said they believe that the invasion of coalition forces have inflicted more harm than good, with a much smaller percentage (33%) says that he has the benefit of more damage. With the destruction of important parts of the country's infrastructure and the livelihood of a large proportion of thirty million citizens of Iraq in poverty, it seems that these fears were confirmed early. " The report says the Iraqis to organize some of the protests this year, but it was relatively small and focused mostly on the poor of basic services, including water and electricity. Iraq has the fourth-largest oil reserves in the world, but the war and mismanagement have prevented people from making use of such resources. Iraqis can count on only a few hours of electricity national grid today - a major problem in a country characterized by its capital, Baghdad, warmly summer cocktail, with an average high temperatures in July and August, about 110 degrees Fahrenheit (44 degrees C). Also focused the protests also on the high salaries of senior government officials in a country approaching the rate of unemployment in which 15% (estimated ratio of weakness among the youth of the population), live and almost one of every four of the population in poverty, which feeds on the income of low rate of 2, U.S. $ 20 per day. except for Iraqi military forces, lack the Iraqis to trust in almost every aspect of their government. In addition to the said 75% of Iraqis that corruption is rampant in the government, shows a poll conducted by Gallup, 66% lack confidence in the integrity of elections. and 49% say they do not trust the judicial system. do not trust the success of working in the private sector does not believe most Iraqis that the Government doing enough to encourage the private sector. The level of satisfaction with the efforts to create high-quality employment is less than 20% over the past three years, and is heading lower. extends skeptical Iraqis to the leadership of special projects, a medium for the growth of the private sector were not well known in the era of Saddam. During that time, soon found business owners recognize that they are successful growing a large part of their earnings to the government. These policies left Iraq a few sources of export revenue, and a few international companies were not based on oil. In post-Saddam Iraq, received the potential of entrepreneurship for a renewed interest, thanks in part to the influence of U.S. advisors. Efforts include the establishment of centers for small business development in cities such as Baghdad, Basra and Erbil. However, development efforts were not these and other enough to change the attitudes of the Iraqis and make them more optimistic. say 60% of Iraqis now that he can not for the person who starts a business to trust that the assets and property will be safe at all times. Which represents an increase of the proportion of 46% for less than a year. I do not think 69% of Iraqis it easy for anyone starting a business get a loan, and 67% say that government does not adequately facilitate the process of extracting the documents or permits and licenses for the ambitious of the pioneers of private enterprise. He does not trust Fifty-four percent of the Iraqis that the government will allow companies to gain a lot of money, and considers a ratio of 40 percent that employers will have difficulty in finding qualified staff work hard when you need them. This represents the highest level of skepticism expressed by the Iraqis on the level of labor supply in their country since Gallup began asking the question. Coincides growing Iraqi fears about the economy and other aspects of life in their country with a significant increase in negative emotions. Are deployed now more feelings of tension, anger and grief in Iraq than in recent years. This may not be surprising in a country still occur when the bombings and assassinations are almost regularly, and dotted with mental illnesses caused by psychological trauma. The question - who was raised in an article published in The Washington Post in 2010, pointing out that Iraq only has about 100 a psychiatrist for a population of 30 million people - is what can be done by Iraq to ease the suffering felt by its citizens. recommendations at the end of The report recommends that the government should take a number of measures that could develop its economy, rife with chaos and the population who feel increasingly tense, to achieve many things. . First, it should take steps to terminate the transactions based on personal interests, and corruption among officials. Without it, will diminish the low level of confidence of the general public in government institutions altogether. Second, the government should work to maintain the level of confidence in the army and the police when they are withdrawing American forces. For the government to prove to the Iraqis to their homes, their businesses, and places of public gatherings will not be used as a cover for the rebels - or worse, become targets for them. Finally, the government must create jobs. There are already some mechanisms to achieve this, where the leading Korean company to build a residential house 100.000, and there are consultations on the construction of a high-speed railway connecting Baghdad to the provinces of southern Iraq. To be funded and the protection and management of these projects and others in ways that employ Iraqis, and that gives them cause for hope. Gallup is fully responsible for this study in terms of management, design and organization. Over the past 70 years, Gallup has committed to the principle of collection and dissemination of the views and aspirations of people around the world strictly necessary to understand our world. The task of Gallup is to provide objective information, and reliable, and scientifically based. Gallup is not linked to any political orientation, party, or a human rights group, as it does not accept partisan entities as clients. results are based on interviews and face to face in Iraq, with 9435 adults, in the period between 2004 and 2011. Were conducted opinion polls in the period between March 22 and April 9, 2004; and between 5 March and 1 April 2008; and between February 20 and 12 March 2009; and between 10 and 20 August 2009; and between 17 and 27 February 2010; and between 2 September and October 8 in 2010, and between February 21 and March 3, 2011. The interviews with respondents aged between 18 years and over in 2004, participants aged 15 and older starting in 2008. For results based on the total sample of adults, it can be increased by 95% confidence that the maximum margin of sampling error ranged between 1.7 ± and 3.7 ± percentage points. The margin of error reflects the effect of weighting the data. In addition to the error in the selection of the sample, it can be a way to question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can cause error or bias in the results of public opinion polls.