UNAMI: Abadi faces enormous challenges to the implementation of the reform

Quarterly report on the situation in Iraq presented to the UN Security Council in New York

Special Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations in Iraq, warned Jan Kubis of the Ibadi faces enormous challenges to the implementation of reforms due to differences between the political forces, stressing the need to escalate the efforts to achieve national reconciliation to strengthen the political system on the basis of equal rights for all Iraqis and the face of sectarianism and terrorism.

And during his presentation for his quarterly report on the situation in Iraq to the UN Security Council in New York, Kubis said that the Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi continue actively efforts to achieve the government's program and his reform agenda despite the complexities of security and the escalation of political, social, economic and humanitarian challenges. He stressed that al-Abbadi faces enormous challenges to the implementation of the reform due the existence of differences and political polarization between the political forces is struggling since taking office late last year.

He explained that in spite of the hopes that he would be able to move national reconciliation forward and make the participation of the Sunni sect wider in the political process has been blocking efforts by elements within all Iraqi factions because of lack of trust and special interests. He stressed that to overcome the enormous and growing challenges must be on all the political forces together to make decisions in the interests of the Iraqi people through openness and partnership,
inclusiveness and wide-ranging consultations in decision-making to promote effective governance.

And it called on the government to ensure that civilians during the exercise of their right to seek reforms and justice through peaceful means and that any threat be investigated fully and punish him according to the law. And the economic crisis, he pointed Head of Mission (UNAMI) to that in the wake of the sharp decline in world oil prices increased Iraq's financial crisis and widened the budget deficit, raising concern and calls for urgent economic reforms in the country, adding that the government's reform program gives priority to the fight against corruption and reform of the public sector and the initiation of privatization to diversify the economy and encourage foreign investment and stimulate employment growth. And he called on the government and foreign partners, including international and regional financial institutions, to take urgent measures to address the economic and financial pressing challenges.

In another context, Kubis pointed out that the UN mission has continued its efforts to promote comprehensive national reconciliation between the leaders of all Iraqi factions and political groups and civil society and communities, and neighboring countries, in coordination with the Iraqi government, which is required to continue to engage in intensive awareness with a full range of political interlocutors, both within and outside Iraq, to encourage participation in the reconciliation process efforts. Iran, Jordan, Qatar, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates urged to strengthen regional support for efforts comprehensive Iraqi reconciliation, which adheres to respect the constitution and the unity and sovereignty of Iraq.

He explained that the adoption of priority legislation, such as the National Guard, a general amnesty and the laws of accountability has been pending in Parliament, because of the lack of trust between the components of Iraq which led to the absence of political compromises necessary, stressing that the government and the House of Representatives and the political forces to proceed with the national reconciliation program to strengthen the system Iraqi politician on the basis of equal rights for all Iraqis sectarianism and terrorism and confrontation. And take care of the displaced efforts pointed Kubiš to the experience of Tikrit, where he returned to it 155,000 people noting that this does not mean that there are problems there, where he is not able to each individual that allows him to return and where extortion and disappearances continue .. Add to that the provision of services is still a bad slow and the government in the subsequent stages of reconstruction and development. He stressed that the funding for the care of the displaced often is the problem and explained that according to the United Nations Development Programme, the need to be $ 20 million more by the end of Only there will be more need to respond to additional requests for assistance.

Year With regard to the crisis in the province of Kurdistan, Kubis said explained the province has long been a source of stability and development in Iraq and that the sacrifices made ​​by the Kurdish Peshmerga in the fight against Daash and hosting the majority of displaced Iraqis deserve acclaim, pointing at the sample time to the recent occurrence of deep differences between the main political parties in the region and a threat to stability. He explained that the dispute over the presidency of the region, as well as the lack of reforms and the non-payment of salaries and tension in recent weeks have led to deadly unrest and political crisis looming especially with the expulsion of a political party of the Kurdistan Regional Government and the prohibition of the President of the Kurdish parliament from performing his duties. He pointed out that dialogue with the Kurdish forces on a large scale and encouraged them to quickly reach a compromise on the basis of a comprehensive and democratic political dialogue in order to remain united in the decisive fighting against Daash task.

With regard to relations between Baghdad and Erbil has stressed the need to resolve differences over the oil agreement and revenue sharing quickly through dialogue and with the help of UNAMI. On the other hand, Kubis pointed out that during one year achieved the organization Daash progress in the center and north, but Iraqi security forces, and the forces of packing People and tribal volunteers regained key areas, including Baiji, which is now under government control. In Ramadi, are isolated Daash inside the city and Iraqi security forces and volunteers tribes closing in on the region in order to end the presence of the organization there.

He pointed out that in other parts of Iraq, government forces still exert pressure and was able to reclaim more land but offered slow. He pointed out that the defeat of Daash require increasing support for Iraqi security forces, the Peshmerga either in direct or training of military activities and the provision of supplies of materials. He said that the Iraqi government has recently begun to cooperate with Russia, Iran and Syria for the exchange of intelligence information through the cell in Baghdad. He stressed that the morale of the fighters Daash eroded and cases of desertion are increasing in addition to the executions in its ranks.

The internationalist Representative that human rights in Iraq, a source of continuing concern with the continued Daash of committing heinous crimes against civilians, including abductions, killings and wanton destruction of property operations is aimed at those who disagree with him ideologically and in particular the members of the diverse ethnic and religious groups and members of the local, regional or federal governments; and Walqdhah, lawyers, journalists and leaders of religious and artists where it executes regulation of these killings in order to sow fear and terror among the population. He added that Daash continues to restrict the fundamental freedoms of the people under its control and impose strict laws on behavior and aggression on them, which leads to death by beheading, stoning or burning. ethnic and religious minorities and added that UNAMI is working with diverse ethnic and religious minorities to create a package of recommendations aimed at ensuring the protection and respect of their rights, and reintegration of voluntary and safe for all displaced persons to their places of origin.

He pointed out that The Mission is working with a group of national and international partners, it is also involved in the development of a comprehensive set of legal reforms of criminal justice in order to facilitate full access and equal access to justice to all Iraqi citizens and to address structural weaknesses in the administration of justice, which was a contributing factor in the ongoing violence in the country courses . Kubiš stressed that the humanitarian situation in Iraq is worrying's where he showed the mass displacement of millions of people as a result of the fighting and up to the borders of Europe a major crisis outweigh the capacity but is working to reduce and reorganize its programs to support about 3.2 million displaced Iraqis where the vast majority of displaced people want stay in Iraq so the best way to encourage them is to provide humanitarian support in their areas which will reduce their displacement from the country and migrate to the first third countries and foremost to Europe.

He noted that the cholera outbreak with thousands of casualties reported in Iraq increases the complexity of the situation with the rising fears that the disease may be more widespread because of the recent heavy rains and continued insecurity. On the issue of missing Kuwaitis and third-country nationals and Kuwaiti property lost, including the National Archives internationalist Representative pointed out that despite the instability experienced by the region, but The positive atmosphere and dialogue and closer cooperation is prevailing in the relations between Iraq and Kuwait, which shows the goodwill between the two countries when it recognized Kuwait security conditions very difficult in Iraq and the challenges faced by prompting Kuwait to agree to Iraq's request to postpone for a year to pay five per cent of the revenue ratio Sales of oil exports since been extended payment until the first of 2017 to pay $ 4.6 billion remaining in the compensation owed ​​to the Kuwaiti government. He pointed to the need to take advantage of the momentum in the partnership between the two countries to achieve significant progress in the missing Kuwaitis and Kuwaiti property file in order to close this humanitarian issue once and for all ..modha that the Iraqi government is determined to continue to provide full assistance to promote, support and facilitate the search for missing Kuwaitis and Kuwaiti property.

Finally, head of UNAMI internationalism in Iraq pointed to the case of residents of Liberty camp - freedom of dissidents Iranians in Iraq and the need to relieve this burden .. explaining The camp recently and was once again the target of a rocket attack that killed 24 people and wounded many others. He said that the only solution to ensure the security of the population is quickly transferred to third countries with the Government of Iraq reminder of their obligation to ensure the safety of the population. And strongly he called on all countries to work together with the Special Adviser to the Secretary-General to consider the hosting of these populations in their territory or to use its influence in helping to resettle in the shortest possible time.