Dr.. Karim Ali Khudair al-Obeidi *: liberalization of foreign trade ... point of view ..


Some countries seek various intentions, and behind alliances and economic blocs and international trade organizations such as the WTO (WTO) and international financial and monetary institutions, towards the liberalization of international trade from some of the restrictions imposed on them [...]

Some countries seek the intentions of various, and behind alliances and economic blocs and international trade organizations such as the WTO (WTO) and international financial and monetary institutions, towards the liberalization of international trade from some of the restrictions imposed on them for different reasons and interests, and to harmonize the results of these endeavors and efforts with the so-called new world economic order .

In order to be an idea close to the perceptions of the reader, we must differentiate between the (free trade) and (trade liberalization), as he finishes the first term to the removal of all trade restrictions and fees customs whether financial or administrative, that is, to pursue a policy (open) doors. Certainly this method was not a realistic option to be followed since the emergence of the nation-state in the era of Almarkinteliyn (trading) in the period between the sixteenth and the eighteenth century in Europe until today. So we believe firmly that the easing of trade restrictions, and is not removed, the movement of goods, services and capital human and material funds across regional boundaries of different countries is what the term goes out to him (trade liberalization). The go analysis even further Mstenbtin from the reality of business dealings today among the world's countries under bilateral trade agreements and economic blocs (the European Union, NAFTA, ASEAN, Brix) outside the framework (WTO) that international trade is moving to the inside - any restriction instead of direction edited abroad. This is embodied, for example, two-way trade of the countries of the European Union and twenty-eight that have a significant weight in the new world economic order, with two-way trade of those countries (76%) of the total foreign trade. For this indication it refers to the selective application of external trade liberalization approach, despite the fact that these countries make up the weight of member countries affiliated to the World Trade Organization Center (official sponsor of the liberalization of world trade). And well-known theory that the recent recommends its members to open markets to enter the products the other members, and this applies to most of the other economic blocs.

From the above, we see that there are hidden intentions of the developed countries towards restricting foreign trade to ensure their interests are not consistent with the stated intentions of the countries of the same regarding the liberalization of foreign trade and specifically agricultural side. To not understand this meaning of prejudice or lack of impartiality in the placement and alignment of the side without the other, we cite the words of WTO Director (WTO) (Pascal Lamy) at the Ministerial Conference for the year (2011) in Geneva since acknowledged the failure of the Minister to modify the organization laws of the ruling to be fairer and more open-minded and taking into account the interests of developing countries in the multilateral trading system adopted by the organization since 10 years which has not seen any progress on the Doha round, which defends the interests of developing countries laws, and criticized (Lamy) the return of protectionist policies of developed countries in their dealings with exports developing countries and impede market access. He added that the majority of countries have resorted to bilateral agreements to escape the application of its commitments towards developing countries and to stop support to exports of agricultural products and the expulsion of goods from developing countries to the markets because of their inability to compete with developed countries subsidized exports.

So we are entitled to say that the advertiser by insisting global economic polarization centers are being Pflkha to force developing countries and least developed countries to open their markets to industrial countries' products (and the last is well aware that there is no option for developing and least-developed countries but to bow to the demands of the advanced industrial countries in hopes of taking advantage of certain exceptions and exemptions granted by the World Trade Organization developing and least developed countries of some of the conditions imposed on the advanced industrial countries. But the reality on the ground suggests that the WTO did not record throughout its history any tangible positive results for the benefit of developing countries, on the contrary, was a disappointment associated with the economies of these countries since the founding of this organization and up day) is only the dedication and sustain the principle of international division of labor that made ​​and will make the advanced industrial countries exporting industrial goods and imported raw materials while developing countries will continue to be the primary exporter and consumer of materials make it to the others. As well as that this situation will re-distribution of income in favor of industrialized countries including endures the southern hemisphere of climatic changes and natural disasters caused by toxic emissions as a result of manufacturing processes in the North.

If in this case, developing countries should be more careful to deal with what arises on the scene global economic ideas and proposals and names economic fairly new, very savvy, seeks to circumvent the laws and decisions of the World Trade Organizations and Maha, for example, the optional identification of export policy, and specifically the voluntary imports to be a substitute for tax policies and customs and price, quantity and administrative known and approved within Trade Organization Activities Global, as well as being offered Mgamsh political ideas aimed at making the vast majority of the world's economic ideas (developing countries) preoccupied with internal conflicts have a beginning and no end. Not least because the contents of the book (development synonymous Freedom) Indian economist (Amartay age), a Nobel laureate in economics, who gave a recipe for the development of developing countries and that led to what we are now of the (Arab spring!)

In sum, the trade liberalization approach Foreign which is an integral part of the liberal economic policy prevailing today under the mantle of the new global economic order has become a part has to be an option of going under the tutelage of the (WTO), despite the symbolism of this approach in terms of the application on the ground. Therefore, if this option is an opportunity for some countries, particularly the developing and less developed countries to catch up with reality and out of the isolation on the economic level, for those countries that globalization is undergoing a fever and is fortified against it.

(*) Economic Iraqi employee of the Ministry of Industry and Minerals
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