Maliki tightens financial noose on al-Abadi as a prelude to dropping

First Published: 2015-11-02

State of Law coalition led by former Prime Minister waving Basra oil export independently of what the federal government did not respond to his demands.

BAGHDAD - In a move described by observers as an attempt to clamp down on Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi to undermine the reforms launched by the prelude to what seems to overthrow his government, the collection of State of Law coalition led by former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki signed 72 Iraqi deputy to demand the granting of the financial rights of the province of Basra, south of the country oil and the abolition of discrimination between them and the Kurdistan region in northern Iraq, rich.

The House of Representatives has threatened to resort to export oil in isolation from what the federal government did not respond to their request, similar to what the Kurds did in the semi-autonomous region in the north.

Khalaf said Samad member of a coalition of state law, "we collected the signatures of 72 deputies to restore the rights of Basra and the lifting of the sufferings of the province and the distinction between them and the cities of northern Iraq."

"The demand to ensure that the share of Basra be guaranteed in the budget law, according to percentages that are agreed upon."

He added that "the representatives of the House of Representatives maintain their legitimate representatives to negotiate with the government, taking into consideration Basra pay dues owed by the government, which have had since 2010 and so far that a timetable is put to pay off this debt."

He said a member of Maliki's coalition to it, "If you do not respond to our demands, we will export oil locally and took all its revenue and until the fulfillment of all amounts owed by the government."

In a related development, the United Nations expressed its willingness to provide technical support in the transfer of powers from the federal ministries to Basra and the rest of the provinces, which accuses the federal government of not being serious in the province of file transfer of powers.

Said Ian Kubis President of the United Nations Mission in Iraq at a news conference in Basra province Monday, said that "the UN agencies in Iraq is ready to support the ministries technically and provide them with expertise in the field of the transfer of powers to the provinces, as well as provincial support in the field of management of those powers and providing them with expertise."

He said the UN official "status may need to take steps in the transfer of powers as well as the provinces need the expertise to understand the type of powers, the fact that some of the powers that may be granted is not absorbed by the provinces or do not need any more."

Basra is the second largest city in Iraq after al-Anbar province (west) and located in the far south of Iraq on the west bank of the Shatt al-Arab, a water crossing, which consists of the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates at Qurna.

Basra, the country has the largest oil wells and produce at least 80 percent of Iraqi oil, which is the only sea port of Iraq to the world.

The announcement comes a coalition of state law, which included Theloaha Basra oil export revenue collection and independently of the federal government, in the frameworks pressure led by Nuri al-Maliki who succeeded in undermining the mandate given by the Iraqi parliament to Haider al-Abadi to implement his reforms.

The parliament may impose earlier Monday restrictions on the government to implement reforms. And said it (the government) does not have the validity of the application of certain provisions of the reforms announced by Haider al-Abadi plan, the excuse that many of these items need to laws of the legislature.

This comes after the approval of the House of Representatives earlier plan time under the pressure of popular movement in the street angry student services and the fight against corruption in public institutions.

The move constitutes an additional impediment application of reforms that lie difficult essential in reducing the privileges enjoyed by government officials, and also in the presence of an influential political forces of the likes of Nuri al-Maliki and Iyad Allawi and religious parties have armed militias are all pushing to undermine the reform efforts and the fight against corruption on the grounds reforms that threaten their interests and influence.

The House voted on a resolution which confirmed its support for the package of reforms in accordance with the Constitution, but denied any of his delegate legislative powers to any party executive, calling on all authorities to abide by the constitution.

The statement did not refer explicitly to the Abadi name, not even reiterated his support reform efforts initiated by the Prime Minister.

A spokesman for House Speaker Imad al-Khafaji, that "the mandate given by the Council of Representatives of Ebadi should not contradict nor jumps on the powers of the House of Representatives."

"If it was some of the decisions needs to be legislation, the legislation and the House of Representatives important amendment is therefore necessary to pass through it."

House of Representatives believe that the Prime Minister's decision put a new salary scale for state employees involves raising the lower grades and significantly cut the upper grades, is to exceed the powers of the Board.

He said that the sacking of the Vice-President of the Republic and one of the issues that need to be unconstitutional legislation in Parliament.

Khafaji said "no objection, but a lot of reforms need to be legislation, and this is not the task of the chief executive, but the task of the people's deputies and can not strike under the pretext of reform legislation."

Abadi was announced on 16 Gustus / August cancel the three positions of the Vice-Presidents of the Council of Ministers within the overall reforms approved by parliament two days after the plan.

The government has announced for its part that it did not exceed the powers of parliament, but worked in accordance with the mandate, which got it from him and according to the paper reforms presented by the Prime Minister.

Saad al-Hadithi said Iraqi government spokesman, commenting on the parliament's decision "All of the resolutions issued by the Council of Ministers was in implementation of the authorization issued by the House of Representatives."

"The government did not exercise legislative role, and this is not its policy positions and the proof is that the House of Representatives was exercising legislative and supervisory role over the past three months and issued a number of laws and hosted the ministers did not stop for this role."

And the reasons for the decision, Sabri said, "It seems that there are statements to Congress and political blocks stressed the need to return to the parliament and the need to send Mansosh decisions in the reform package as a bill to the parliament."

He noted that the government "did not say that she wanted to cancel the legislative role of Parliament."

Under the reform package Abadi addition to the cancellation of the three positions of his deputies, to abolish the posts of Vice-President of the Republic and to reduce the salaries of senior officials and reduce the huge numbers of the components of the protection officials.

But it seems that Nuri al-Maliki is heading to win a new round in the move to bring down his opponent Haider al-Abadi, having succeeded in curbing the authorization obtained by the reforms (ie Abadi) of Parliament.

The mere threat of the export of Basra oil independently of the federal government means practically put Abadi in two options bitter, either to respond to those calls and thus be obliged to implement the requirement put forward by a coalition of state law, including the repayment of Basra, the debt of the state budget, or reject these demands and thus find himself in front of a new crisis similar to those faced by his government with the Kurds, who have already started the oil-exporting region.

Iraq faces resulting from the decline in oil revenues due to lower oil prices, and the costs of the war on the organization of the Islamic state on the one hand and the state of corruption in state institutions and who knew its peak in the reign of Nuri al-Maliki financial crisis.