Iraq and Sudan, the Arab world's most corrupt Date: 05/09/2015 20:35
Information / BAGHDAD / ..
Only limited countries in the Arab region has not escaped the corruption that is endemic in many countries that were similar to a large extent in focus this corruption in the transactions and contracts of government that arrived in a country like Iraq to the conclusion of fictitious trades tens of billions of dollars over the past years by officials economy government, did not find a route control them despite multiple reports and communications.
The Transparency International, has announced that five Arab countries finished bottom of the list of global index to the fight against corruption the most unity of Iraq, Sudan, Libya, Yemen and Syria, while were not most of the Arab countries in a position of integrity, despite distancing itself from the late arrangement, while it was the most advanced in the fight against the Gulf states Corruption according to the index.
According to the report by the International Organization last December, the United Arab Emirates topped ranked first among Arab countries in the fight against corruption, while 25 came in the center of a global total of 175 countries, and Qatar came in second place regionally and 26th globally.
It was the third order in the Arab world for each of Bahrain, Jordan and Saudi Arabia, where all of us involved in the center 55 globally, then Oman and Kuwait in the fourth and the fifth and 64 Arab and 67 centers worldwide. Then Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt and Algeria in the centers 79, 80, 94 and 100 respectively.
In recent Arab and international centers of Syria it comes in at No. 159, 161 and Yemen, and Libya, 166, 170, Iraq, and Sudan, 173, 174, and Somalia.
And contributed to government corruption of transactions and contracts, the introduction of the Iraqi economy is in big trouble, to coincide with the acute pressures which the erosion of oil prices by more than 50% globally caused what reduced the revenues of the country, as well as the high cost of the war against al-Daash in large areas north and west of the country.
According to official reports, "eating away corruption of government institutions in Iraq since 2003, it extends to the contracts and transactions and defense and interior ministries in particular, as well as agriculture, industry, commerce and other ministries and institutions Files".
According to experts, parliamentarians, the current government in Iraq have failed in the face of corruption, which has cost the country losses of more than $ 100 billion during the reign of former Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki over 8 years until mid-2014, it has been directed to projects approved by the government and turned out to be fake, according to the Commission Iraqi Integrity.
The Iraqi researcher in business affairs, harmful Waeli, followed in a statement / information /, that there are politicians hiding behind intermediaries and assistants to pass the corrupt deals to be far from reproach. "
Among the investigations conducted by the current Iraqi government, as revealed by high-Iraqi sources, in the Office of Financial Supervision in May / May last, for the conduct of the government extensive investigations to arrive at the fate of more than two billion dollars disappeared from the Iraqi budget, specifically from the Council of Ministers accounts from November 22 2013 to July 8 2014 during the presidency of Nuri al-Maliki government.
Accusations of corruption on the previous Maliki government was not limited, but extended to the current government of Haider al-Abadi, facing charges of wasting public money in the conclusion of deals to purchase arms from Russia, says a parliamentary reports that some of them was not necessary.
Loose in Libya
It was not better off the situation in Libya, which successive governments have pursued during the past four years, fugitive fiscal policies without controls in spending, according to a regulatory reports, causing a waste of billions of dollars without development in the country.
While it is difficult Total inventory losses of corruption in Libya, which are suffering economically because of the worsening political and security unrest, but the supervisory reports go out every now and then indicate the presence of significant financial waste in several sectors of the oil-rich country.
According to the Office of the Libyan accounting, the highest regulatory body in the country recently, successive governments spend volume over the past three years, which followed the revolution of February 17, 2011, amounted to about 158 billion dinars (121.5 billion dollars), adding that government spending was characterized in the past Previous extravagance and waste.
In a statement to the "new Arab", Mohsen Drihh, general portfolio manager "Libya Africa" Investment said, which is owned by the Foundation Libyan Investment, which manages the majority of Mjunb oil income in Libya for "new Arab", the Fund assets were $ 5 billion before Revolution, while now up to $ 3.5 billion, which means a loss of $ 1.5 billion over four years, because of mismanagement and financial corruption, while regulatory reports indicate that corruption and financial waste was not confined to the investment sector but also covering other sectors such as health, education and housing.
Face in Tunisia
In Tunisia According to government reports, about financial crimes, money laundering, corruption that hits 20% of the value of government contracts, pointing out that the level of corruption in these contracts represent 4% of the value of GDP, ie in the range of $ 4 billion.
And trying to successive governments of Tunisia, after the revolution in 2011, control of bleeding corruption in government contracts, after it proved files, which have been exposed after the fall of the deposed regime, a large embezzlement carried out by the powerful in the former regime.
The Government of the Mahdi Jumaa and ratified in March / March 2014 a new law for government contracts, aims to strengthen the role of public procurement in achieving the development goals, and accelerate the completion of the public projects on the one hand, and to devote good governance rules, especially those related to transparency and integrity.
Billion annually in Egypt
While Egypt got an advanced position in the face of corruption, according to Transparency International index, especially during the years that followed the January 2011 revolution, but the report of the Foundation Global Financial Integrity "Global Financial Antgretti" indicates that Egypt is losing more than $ 6 billion annually because of government corruption and financial illegal activities.
The government tenders in Jordan, one of the forms of financial and administrative corruption, in this bidding constitute a large proportion of total public expenditure per year, which goes mostly for infrastructure projects and basic in different sectors, up to about $ 700 million gross.
Said Mustafa Rawashdeh, head of the Integrity Committee and fact-finding in the Jordanian parliament, for "new Arab", if there are cases of corruption in government tenders, but does not know clearly the number and value.
He pointed out that a legislative amendment will be made on the public bidding law, in order to adjust the bids and reduce the incidence of corruption, stressing that the government will continue bidding file continuously to reduce the incidence of corruption and manipulation that occurs.
Saudi huge spending
While the Gulf countries came together in the advanced centers in the fight against corruption index, only to find government projects in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a sleepless regulators in the UK, which are the size of a huge spending annually.
And acquires private spending on projects about 38.5% of the state budget, where expenditures are estimated in the current year budget in 2015 by about 860 billion riyals (229.3 billion dollars).
Estimates indicate that the number of troubled government projects of about 672 projects, with a total value of over trillion riyals ($ 267 billion).
According to the Ministry of Municipal and Rural Affairs, the nearly 85% of government projects departments exceeded the length of time planned for the implementation of their projects, noting stumbled about 64.2% of government projects in the two phases of implementation and construction, while the proportion of defaults in the project planning less to about 23.8%, in While a lack of human resources is approximately 55.7%.
The deputy chairman of the National Authority for Combating Corruption (integrity) Abdullah al-Qader, said: "The initial indications of the body showed that the planning, design, supervision and implementation in government projects marred neglect and abuses and irregularities and poor implementation."
According to Chairman of the National Authority for Combating Corruption "integrity", Khalid bin Abdul Mohsen Muhaisin for "new Arab", the body spotted hundreds of delayed and stalled projects, because of a suspicion of corruption and Mahsubah.anthy / 25