It is EVICT MALIKI DAY + NINETY - EIGHT ( 98 ) or " E - M DAY + 98 "
PREVIOUSLY AND CONTINUING
"..... despite the superiority of Maliki’s electoral coalition, the competing Shiite forces, the Kurds and the Sunnis, are together able to form a comfortable majority to prevent Maliki from remaining in office. "......................
Maliki likely fears that if he rushes to do business with parties outside the Shiite alliance, his Shiite rivals would do the same and that they may have a better chance to win over the Kurdish and Sunni forces, because there is a general consensus among them to not keep Maliki in power.
At the same time, the rest of the Shiite groups fear that this consensus is not solid enough to withstand discussing the details, and that going alone to the Kurdish and Sunni forces may put them in a weak bargaining position and make them appear responsible for breaking Shiite unity.
An important factor here are the choices that the Sunni and Kurdish forces will make. If the Sunnis and Kurds rush to form ethnic and sectarian alliances, then the Shiite alliance may do the same.
Some are proposing scenarios such as replacing Maliki with another figure from the State of Law Coalition as a compromise to ensure the continuation of the Shiite alliance.
[* a source said in a statement to the Agency ((eighth day)) that there is an agreement semi-final between the U.S. and Iran to take on Ahmed Chalabi as prime minister for the next government as a compromise candidate.]
Yet, such a solution may come at a later stage, after the favored options by most parties have been exhausted.
What is certain now is that a harsh negotiating season will [ * HAS ] begin [ * BEGUN ] as the conflict moves from its electoral aspect into the closed negotiating rooms and deals among the elite. - - from al Monitor
The State of Law coalition has expressed his commitment to the nomination of current Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki for the assumption of office for the third time in a row. "
Ktlta al-Hakim and al-Sadr refused to renew Maliki's nomination to head the government and call for the coalition to provide irreplaceable
Thu Jul 17 2014 22:33 | (Voice of Iraq)
long-Presse / Baghdad
New coalition al-Hakim and al-Sadr, on Thursday, refusing to nominate the prime minister expired, Nuri al-Maliki, for a third session, while Pena possibility of acceptance of another candidate presented by the coalition, threatened first by resorting to the opposition, revealing the second support the nomination of Adel Abdul Mahdi and Ahmad Chalabi for the post.
Was Deputy for a coalition of citizen, of the Supreme Council of the Islamic, led by Ammar al-Hakim, to hold the prime minister, Nouri al-Maliki, the state third, a "problem" to reject so many components of the National Alliance and other blocs, noting that many of them is the same, will turn to the subject If you do not submit a coalition of state law, an alternative candidate for the post.
Ali said an inch, in an interview to the (long-Presse), said that "stuck to the prime minister, Nuri al-Maliki, the state third, a problem within the National Alliance, could hinder the formation of the government for a long time," adding that "a lot of the components of the National Alliance and other blocs outside reject Maliki's nomination. "
He added an inch, that "the political blocs could accept another candidate presented by a coalition of state law for the position," noting that "a lot of political blocs, including a coalition of citizens, would prefer to stay opposition if they insisted al-Maliki to head the next government," returned that there are "many figures that can occupy the prime minister runs the country. "
For her part, the Liberal block of the Sadrist movement, rejected the state's third generation, revealing its support for the other two candidates. The MP said the Liberal bloc, F Bureau, said in an interview to the (long-Presse), "The bloc rejects the state's third generation, and supports the nomination of Adel Abdul-Mahdi, or Ahmad Chalabi to head the new government."
According to the Court, that "the National Alliance can accept dissector last for a coalition of state law, non-Maliki," returned to "Maliki's insistence on the nomination itself would make him aloof from the National Alliance."
The president of a coalition of state law, Nuri al-Maliki, new in (the fourth of July 2014 present), adherence to the nomination for a third term, amid worsening opposition to the majority of political forces Therefore, most notably the Sadrists, and a coalition of citizens, and the Kurdistan Alliance and the Sunni Arab blocs, as well as a coalition of national leadership Iyad Allawi, to do so.
It is noteworthy that the National Alliance, a parliamentary blocs, the largest, has failed so far to choose its candidate to head the next government, amid worsening differences between components on more worthy than others in the job, amid confirmation actors in it, the need to undergo a candidate for "compatibility and acceptability" within the coalition in the national space.
Prime Minister's file is thorny and complex
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP, of the Ahrar bloc, Hakim al-Zamili said that talks between the parties of the Iraqi National Alliance to nominate a person for the post of prime minister are still without a result.
Zamili told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA /[SIZE=3] "The file of prime minister is the most important file among other three presidencies," pointing out that "the Sunni political blocs have chosen Salim al-Jubouri as the chairman of the House of Representatives and the Kurdish groups have agreed on a personal as President of the Republic, and remaining file is the post of Prime Minister. "[/SIZE]
He added: "The name of Prime Minister will be resolved next week, after the religious authority, popular forces and regional and neighboring countries, confirmed the need to resolve this file as soon as possible."
He said: "choosing prime minister with wide admissibility will be a positive factor towards the calm and solving many problems in the country," noting: "The religious authority was clear in its speech, that the candidate must be accepted nationally, and this does not exist at the current Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who has problems with the Ahrar and the citizen blocs on one hand, and with the Sunnis and Kurds, on the other hand. "
He explained that there is more than one character to be a substitute for Maliki in the next phase, from inside the Dawa Party, and the National Coalition has two candidates, Ahmed Chalabi and Adel Abdul-Mahdi, therefore, the process of selecting one of the characters will be a thorny and complex. "
Officially, Speaker, his 2 Deputy Speakers assume their posts
Tuesday, 15 July 2014 21:23
Baghdad (AIN) –The Speaker of the Parliament and his two Deputy Speakers assumed their duties officially.
The Parliament succeeded in electing Speaker of the Parliament, Salim al-Jebuori, and his first Deputy, Haider al-Ebadi, as well as his 2nd deputy, Aram al-Sheikh Mohamed.
Iraq parliament elects Kurdish politician Fuad Masum as new president
KURDISH politician Fuad Masum has become the new president of Iraq, in a step towards forming a new government that visiting UN chief Ban Ki-moon says must be inclusive for the country to survive.
Fierce fighting ... volunteers who joined the Iraqi army to fight against Jihadist militants of the Islamic State (IS) brandish their weapons as they come as backup at a checkpoint north of Baghdad. Source: AFP
A June onslaught on Sunni Arab areas north and west of Baghdad, led by the jihadist Islamic State group, has brought Iraq to the brink of breakup, with the government struggling to assert any authority beyond its Shiite power base.
Parliament elected Masum, who served as the first prime minister of Iraq’s autonomous Kurdish region more than two decades ago, by an overwhelming majority of 211 votes to 17.
He had been almost guaranteed the job after Kurdish parties struck a late-night deal to support him.
Under an unofficial power-sharing deal, Iraq’s Kurds traditionally get the post of president.
The move could pave the way for a deal on the much more powerful post of prime minister.
Chalabi: all political blocs signed a national coalition that requested the block elder
Baghdad newspaper of integrity
Coalition leader said citizen MP Ahmed Chalabi, a national coalition to sign parliamentary blocs as the largest bloc.
Chalabi told reporters, "we have a request from the first meeting of the Parliament aatiar the national coalition is the largest bloc, signed by both blocs."
He said "some heads blocks National Alliance (Ziya al-Asadi, Ahmad Chalabi Baquer Al-Zubaidi) met with Parliament Speaker Salim Al-jubouri to inform him of their declaration that they are the largest bloc".
He was speaker of the House of Salim Al-jubouri, said today that "the Constitution is clear in explaining the larger parliamentary bloc combined within the Parliament."
He said that "the parliamentary bloc with the largest number of seats, and the Constitution was careful to use the word Parliament is formed after the House of representatives at its first meeting".
"We are going back to the old Mahdi Al-Hafidh as if it had received a request from the State of law bloc, for he was Moderator exclusively back then."
The President said the House "label greatest mass determined in accordance with the Constitution and there is dialogue between the National Alliance and State of law coalition and the President will meet with a number of political leaders after I finished for me," he said.
The President of the Federal Court judge, Midhat al-Mahmoud, the biggest parliamentary blocs that formed the Government in 2010 itself would constitute Ministerial cab in 2014.
Attorney for the State of law Coalition, Hussein Al-Maliki, said today, "the State of law Coalition had received the Federal Court as a parliamentary majority by Nouri al-Maliki remains a candidate for Prime Minister."
The National Alliance was revealed on July 12 that the State of law coalition has applied to the Federal Court to inquire about the biggest bloc of seats in the new Parliament, noting that "the demand made in isolation from the National Alliance."
The President of the Republic: the national coalition is the largest bloc and not state law
Agency day 8 :
July 26, 2014
Source in Baghdad said on Saturday that the President of the Republic, Fouad Massoum, contained a request by outgoing Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, provides for the Declaration of a State of law bloc, the largest in Parliament, has the right to form the next Government.
The source added that "the infallible confirmation receipt with reacted formal letter from the Presidency of the House of representatives provides for the Declaration of the National Alliance, the largest parliamentary bloc, and it is adopted in the formation of the next Government, not state law."
First: The President of the Republic shall charge the nominee of the largest
Council of Representatives bloc with the formation of the Council of Ministers
within fifteen days from the date of the election of the President of the Republic.
Second: The Prime Minister-designate shall undertake the naming of the members
of his Council of Ministers within a period not to exceed thirty days from the date
of his designation.
Third: If the Prime Minister-designate fails to form the Council of Ministers
during the period specified in clause “Second,” the President of the Republic shall
charge a new nominee for the post of Prime Minister within fifteen days.
Fourth: The Prime Minister-designate shall present the names of his members of
the Council of Ministers and the ministerial program to the Council of
Representatives. He is deemed to have gained its confidence upon the approval,
by an absolute majority of the Council of Representatives, of the individual
Ministers and the ministerial program.
Fifth: The President of the Republic shall charge another nominee to form the
Council of Ministers within fifteen days in case the Council of Ministers did not
win the vote of confidence.
* The Prime Minister-designate shall present the names of his members of the Council of Ministers and the ministerial program to the Council of Representatives. He is deemed to have gained its confidence upon the approval, by an absolute majority of the Council of Representatives, .............; and,
* so there would not be a vote upon the PM designate per se, but upon the ministers the PM designate chooses to seat ; and,
* absent a vote of confidence by the Parliament on the PM and his government ( Council of Ministers ), by the majority, then the President may charge a new nominee.
Jaafary: INA, biggest bloc not SLC
Sunday, 27 July 2014 13:54
Baghdad (AIN) –The head of the Iraqi National Alliance, Ibrahim al-Jaafary, assured that the INA is the biggest bloc and not the State of Law Coalition headed by the Premier, Nouri al-Maliki.
Speaking to AIN, he said "The INA is the biggest bloc and not the SLC," noting that "The biggest bloc was not named during the first parliament session where we released a statement in the presence of the representatives of the INA including the SLC."
Badr Organization declares its commitment to the decision of the National Alliance for the prime minister post
Mon Jul 28 2014 23:32 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad - where
Announced the Badr Organization, led by Transport Minister Hadi al-Ameri, its commitment to the decision of the National Alliance for the post of prime minister.
He said the first deputy secretary general of the Badr Organization, Abdul Karim Younes, told all of Iraq [where], "The National Alliance, previously was the biggest blocs in the last session in 2010 and is now the largest bloc in the current session."
In response to the invitation of reference for the selection of the best and not to cling to positions, Yunus said that "there is a fundamental point for the selection of the elements of the government positions, is that available to have an element Ulkipa experience and sincerely to the people of Iraq," explaining that "the reference was not directed her words to someone Maliki particular they are always talking in general, and not particularly calls to the interests of the country. "
06/08/2014 (00:01 pm) - Number of readings: 304 - number (3139) Badr talking about "candidate" is identical to the reference specifications .. The news about a couple of days to withdraw the nomination of al-Maliki officially
BAGHDAD / Mohammad Sabah
Hinted deputy from the Badr Organization (25 seats in the coalition of state law), that his bloc will not support the nomination of Nuri al-Maliki for a third term, because the Shiite parties keen to provide personal, "according to the opinion of reference Najaf," enjoys the admissibility national, and pave the way for political change, what confirms loss Maliki is one of the most prominent allies, after Hussain al-Shahristani told (about 25 seats, also in state law) partners that is identical with the opinion of the religious authority, which means the loss of support within Maliki's bloc by about half.
He added that "there is a mechanism within the National Alliance for the selection of figures for the positions taken by the coalition government and we are bound by the mechanics of it," adding that "with the opinion of the organization, which calls for the reference to be there figures efficient and able to run the country properly."
The supreme religious authority, Ali al-Sistani called for the formation of a new government within 15 days and not to cling to office officials have formed, in reference to the insistence of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on the third term in the presidency.
The Web site of the Office of the supreme religious authority Ali al-Husseini al-Sistani, the official said, "Sheikh Abdul Mahdi al-Karbalai, a certified top Shi'ite cleric, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani, said during a Friday sermon in Karbala [110 km south of Baghdad] need to form a new government within a period of time not to exceed duration Constitutional amounting to 15 days, and not to cling to their positions by the officials, "in an apparent reference to the current Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who insists on running for a third term.
And rejects most of the members of the National Alliance and the Kurdistan Alliance and the Federation of Iraqi forces Maliki's nomination for a third term and looking to provide the National Alliance candidate for prime minister for being the largest bloc in the Iraqi parliament.
* The following is a reference to the " by-laws " of the NA which I have been referencing, "there is a mechanism within the National Alliance for the selection of figures for the positions taken by the coalition government and we are bound by the mechanics of it," . *
and ACCORDING TO VISSER :
" Unlike the procedures for electing the president of the republic (for which a separate law with elaborate procedures exists) the nomination of the Iraqi prime minister is governed entirely by the Iraqi constitution. As a result, the selection of the prime minister candidate is arguably the most sensitive and unpredictable stage of the Iraqi government formation process. " http://gulfanalysis.wordpress.com/20...new-president/
" ... it is for the new president to identify the largest bloc and ask its PM candidate to form the next government. Whereas the pan-Shiite alliance has declared itself the largest bloc repeatedly, there is a case to be made that as long as it does not have an agreed PM candidate it doesn’t exist in a way that is interesting to the Iraqi government formation and that the State of Law bloc of PM Maliki – whose candidate is Maliki – is the biggest bloc. It is being reported that Masum will meet soon with the Shiite alliance to clarify these things. Unless a PM candidate emerges, Maliki could legitimately complain to the federal supreme court that Masum is wasting his time with a non-existent political alliance. http://gulfanalysis.wordpress.com/20...new-president/
" The biggest bloc in the Iraqi parliament that also has a PM candidate is currently State of Law, whose candidate of course is Nuri al-Maliki. Members of this bloc, including Maliki himself, are now explicitly demanding the right to form a government, separate from the rest of the putative pan-Shiite alliance. Unless a bigger bloc comes up with a candidate before the constitutional timeline for PM nomination expires on 8 August (or a few days later if holidays are counted), President Fuad Masum has a constitutional duty to charge Maliki with forming his third government, regardless of whether he has a realistic chance of reaching an absolute majority when he presents it to parliament for approval or a second attempt by another candidate will be needed. " http://gulfanalysis.wordpress.com/20...ouble-in-iraq/http://gulfanalysis.wordpress.com/20...ouble-in-iraq/
National Alliance holds decisive meeting next Thursday to name PM
BAGHDAD / NINA / A source in the National Alliance said that the alliance will hold a crucial meeting next Thursday to nominate its candidate for prime minister from the state of law.
The source told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / today that "the religious authority has given a deadline to the National Alliance ends next Thursday to announce its candidate for prime minister, and within the constitutional period.
He added that "the blocs, within the State of Law, will be asked to choose a candidate for each bloc for a vote within the meeting which will be held next Thursday and then who gets the highest votes, will be the candidate of the National Alliance, and will be presented for a vote in the House of Representatives."
*** IF THE FOREGOING IS TRUE THEN THE CANDIDATE WILL COME FROM THE SLC AND BE NOMINATED BY A VOTE OF THE NATIONAL ALLIANCE ***
Deputies to the National Alliance: We give Maliki's coalition 48 hours to provide an alternative, otherwise we will give our candidates for prime minister
Long-Presse / Baghdad
Hinted block Badr headed by Hadi al-Amiri to the lack of support for the nomination of the prime minister expired, Nuri al-Maliki, in office a third time, commitment to the position of religious authority, while a coalition between al-Hakim, that the State of Law coalition knows very well that his release from the National Alliance means "suicide politically ", revealing the grace of the National Alliance coalition of state law 48 hours to provide an alternative candidate, and will only mass candidate for prime minister, confirmed the Sadrist bloc in Parliament, and there are several candidates for the position, and the Coalition's commitment to the constitutional deadline for the submission of his candidate.
Commenting on al-Maliki remarks al-Araji, says the N A is the largest parliamentary b
Commenting on al-Maliki remarks al-Araji, says the N A is the largest parliamentary bloc.
BAGHDAD / Nina /-- MP Bahaa al-Aaraji for Alahrar parliamentary bloc commented on the remarks that made today by the outgoing P M Nuri al-Maliki about the biggest bloc, saying that "the National Alliance is the biggest parliamentary bloc.
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / Nina / that determines the largest bloc is the task that achieved by the Federal Court, and according to the constitution, the president of the republic has to demand the representative of the largest bloc within 15 days to submit its representative for the PM post .
Aaraji ended by saying : “ The Federal Court, has already gave its decision and interpretation of this subject will not be given a new one " .
Yawar: Peshmerga fighting Daash alone and welcome any outside help.
Yawar: Peshmerga fighting Daash alone and welcome any outside help.
Arbil / Nina /--The Secretary General of the Ministry of Peshmerga in Kurdistan Regional Government Jabbar Yawar said in a statement today that the Peshmerga provincial security forces, locked alone in the war against terrorist Daash without help from the state.
He stressed in the statement that he welcome any support or outside help.
Jabar Yawar, chief of staff and spokesman for the Kurdistan Region’s ministry of Peshmerga, was part of the top-level to Ankara that was headed by Kurdish President Massoud Barzani. Though the delegation was heavy with military officials, Yawar told Rudaw in an interview that military discussions were only part of the talks. “We did not have any security or military demands for Turkey,” he said. While acknowledging that in every meeting of this kind there is some secrecy that that not everything is disclosed to the media, he said Turkey’s main worry was to try and find a solution to the turmoil in Iraq. Asked if Turkey also would like to see Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki go, Yawar said Ankara believes in change. He also said Turkish officials did not raise the issue of Kurdish independence in any of the discussions.
Baghdad Operations: / 140/ citizens killed and wound by terrorist attacks in Baghdad
Baghdad Operations: / 140/ citizens killed and wound by terrorist attacks in Baghdad
BAGHDAD / NINA/ Baghdad Operations Command announced on Wednesday the killing and wounding of /140/ civilians by terrorist car bomb attacks took place this evening.
A spokesman for the command, Brigadier Saad Maan said in a statement today, "The capital witnessed terrorist attacks affected different parts of Baghdad," noting that "Sadr City in eastern Baghdad witnessed the explosion of two car bombs while a car bomb exploded in the area Nairiyah near the Church of the Virgin Mary .
The security forces spotted a suicide bomber in Ur district in eastern Baghdad, and shot him, where he was exploded after falling on the ground, adding that "these criminal attacks have killed 32 people and wounded 108 others."
What is the Federal Court Law in the news and on the Parliament's agenda for today ac
What is the Federal Court Law in the news and on the Parliament's agenda for today according to some news reports ?
* Courtesy of Mary s :
The Law on the Federal Supreme Court: The Balance of Islamic and Career Judges
Posted by Reidar Visser on Sunday, 6 February 2011 17:52
The other big news out of Iraq over the weekend, in addition to the story involving the Kurdistan oilfields, was the first reading of the law on the federal supreme court in parliament yesterday.
The reason this piece of legislation has suddenly been fast-tracked in the Iraqi parliament is as follows. The constitution adopted in 2005 calls for special legislation to establish a federal supreme court, to be passed by a two-thirds-absolute majority in the Iraqi parliament. In 2006, this seemed to be a distant and unrealistic goal, and perhaps not a terribly pressing one since there was some kind of broad satisfaction with the pre-constitutional federal supreme court that had been put together in 2004. That court, which still exists, was staffed mainly with career judges, many of whom worked for the old regime, although care was taken to compose it on the basis of ethno-sectarian quota arrangements that came in vogue with Paul Bremer and his exile politicians back then. This background notwithstanding, after it showed some judicial independence in the years between 2006 and 2008, the Iraqi judiciary has increasingly been seen as a tool in Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki’s pocket, especially after he seemed able to more or less dictate some of its decisions relating to the latest elections, including the recount in Baghdad. Most recently, a convoluted ruling by the court attached the “independent commissions” (such as the electoral commission) to the executive despite the existence of an explicit constitutional injunction that they be subject to the control of the Iraqi parliament. This in turn prompted strong reactions across the political spectrum, with Iraqiyya, Kurds and even Sadrists in Maliki’s own, all-Shiite National Alliance complaining that he had gone too far and that change was needed. The speaker of parliament, Usama al-Nujayfi of Iraqiyya, has apparently played a role in propelling the new draft law to its first reading.
In evaluating the draft law, one should consider its somewhat complex origins. A draft was prepared several years ago by the existing court, which probably moulded it in a way that would guarantee continuity as far as its own members were concerned. That draft was actually read in parliament in 2008 but the government presented a number of objections which are believed to have been incorporated in the current version. The above-the-fold excitement concerning the latest draft relates to the proposed composition of the court and the mechanisms for its recruitment, all of which were left unspecified by the drafters of the constitution in 2005 because they were unable to agree on an exact formula of Islamic and secular judges. Here is the new proposal: The court will consist of 13 members altogether, including an advisory board of 4, half of which will be ordinary legal specialists and half of which will be specialists in Islamic law. In other words, the only quota for Islamic judges relates to the 4-person advisory board, which does not take part in deciding cases as such. The recruitment procedures are also remarkable: The higher judicial council, a body largely made up of career judges (and for which another piece of legislation will be read next week), will propose three candidates for each of the 9 positions in the court proper, with the field limited to judges with a service of no less than 20 years; the president of the republic will then select one of the candidates for each position (in other words, the law creates a prerogative of the president which is not described in the constitution!) As for the four members of the advisory board, four professional judges will be nominated by the ministry of higher education and four Islamic ones by the two Islamic endowment (waqf) authorities (hence, one Sunni and one Shiite), with two from each group being selected by the government and approved by parliament. The judges will serve six years; the requirement that they should not be subject to the de-Baathification law of 2008 may well be a later addition to the draft by the government since some present members of the court are believed to fall in this category themselves.
In other aspects, such as the prerogatives of the court itself, the draft law seems to largely reiterate the constitutional provisions. The rather modest role suggested for Islamic judges to some extent reflects the origins of the first draft, and it would be surprising if it wins approval by the required 216 members of parliament, many of whom will be Shiite Islamists with rather bigger ambitions for the role of Islamic law in Iraqi society. Perhaps the most immediate effect of the first reading of this bill will be to put the existing court on notice and remind it about how many of its latest decisions have been perceived as highly politicised.
Iraqi Judicial Reforms Include Removal of Chief Justice
The changes sweeping across the Iraqi judiciary have reached long-serving Chief Justice Midhat al-Mahmoud. Despite the fact that Iraqi politicians who form the opposition to Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki have stated that Mahmoud was deposed in accordance with the de-Baathification Law, the Judicial Council confirmed that new legislation passed by parliament mandates that the chief justice be replaced with a new judge.
Summary⎙ Print Amendments and changes to laws on the books from the former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein regime and the American occupation are shaking up the Iraqi judicial system, reports Ali Abel Sadah.
Author Ali Abel Sadah
Posted February 18, 2013
In the beginning of 2013, parliament passed the Iraqi Federal Court Act, which bans the head of the Federal Supreme Court from also being the chief justice of the Judicial Council. According to the new law, the head of the Court of Cassation is now chief justice.
The Iraqi judiciary is comprised of the Court of Cassation, which ratifies the rulings of Iraqi judges and has final say in such matters, and the Federal Supreme Court, which rules on issues related to federalism and constitutionality.
Under the new law passed by parliament, the head of the Court of Cassation is now the chief justice of the Supreme Judicial Council, and the head of the Federal Supreme Court cannot hold any other position.
Thus the council decided to remove Mahmoud from his position and restore him to his former post as head of the Federal Supreme Court.
Al-Monitor was able to secure a copy of the press statement in which Supreme Judicial Council spokesman Abdul Sattar Bayraktar stated, “The appointment of Judge Hassan Ibrahim Humairi as head of the Supreme Judicial Council was done in accordance with the new council law, which stipulates that the head of the Court of Cassation is also the chief justice of the Judicial Council [...] Mahmoud will now be the head of the Federal Supreme Court, which is his former position.”
The Judicial Council did not reveal the mechanism used for selecting Humairi as chief justice, nor did it reveal the names of the other judges being considered for the position that Mahmoud had previously held for years.
Iraqi politicians claimed that Mahmoud’s replacement came about due to the de-Baathification Law. Paul Bremer, then the administrator of the Coalition Provisional Authority of Iraq, issued this law in 2004, banning members of the Iraqi Baath Party from holding government positions.
Iraqi politician Sabah al-Saadi, a Shiite lawmaker who split from the ruling National Alliance and has been a steadfast opponent of Maliki’s government for years, said in an interview with Al-Monitor that “Iraqi citizens filed complaints against Chief Justice of the Supreme Judicial Council Mahmoud for his involvement in crimes against humanity [...] Mahmoud is responsible for a crime that occurred during the reign of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein in which more than 10,000 Iraqi citizens were mutilated, for he upheld Hussein’s orders that draft dodgers and deserters have their ears cut off.”
In Iraq, there is compulsory military service for all men over the age of 18, and during the mid-1990s Hussein had ordered that deserters be punished.
Mahmoud was a judge when Resolution 115, which legalized this punishment, was passed on June 25, 1994.
Bayraktar told Al-Monitor that MP Saadi’s claims are inaccurate. He emphasized that Mahmoud was removed from his position because of the new law, which regulates the administrative structure of the Iraqi Judicial Council, and added that the MP’s accusations played no part in this change.
In another development, the National Commission for Accountability and Justice, which oversees the implementation of de-Baathification in Iraq, said, “The organization is working on verifying the information and communications regarding the inclusion of some judges in the procedures the commission, which includes Mahmoud and a number of other judges.”
Mahmoud does not enjoy good relations with civil-society organizations, especially opponents of Prime Minister Maliki, who accuse him of being Maliki’s puppet in court.
It is worth noting that when Mahmoud was head of the Judicial Supreme Council in 2010, he resolved the dispute over the general election’s vote tally between Maliki and former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, a Shiite leader and head of the al-Iraqiya List. Mahmoud decided that Maliki represented the largest parliamentary bloc and should form the government, despite Allawi’s coalition having won 91 seats, just two fewer than Maliki’s State of Law Coalition.
Mahmoud was born in Baghdad on Sep. 21, 1933. He attended primary and secondary school in Baghdad, and graduated from the Faculty of Law with top marks in 1959. He practiced law after graduating from the Faculty of Law, and was later appointed as a judicial investigator in the Ministry of Justice in 1960. He was made a judge in 1968 after passing a judicial-competency exam with top marks.
He then worked as a legal advisor to the late President Saddam Hussein for three years, then as an advisor to the cabinet of the former regime for several years, and after that as a lecturer at the Saddam University Faculty of Law. While working in the president’s office, Hussein appointed him as a judge in the Court of Cassation, which violated the laws in force at the time. After reaching the age at which judges must legally retire, he obtained an extension and continued to serve, also in violation of the law.
During the 2002 referendum, Mahmoud popularized the phrase “eternal allegiance” regarding Hussein. In an article he wrote for the local newspaper Qadisiyah on Oct. 15, 2002, he coined the famous saying, “The greatest commander for the greatest people.”
After the US invasion of Iraq, Bremer appointed Mahmoud as supervisor of the Ministry of Justice on June 12, 2003.
Ali Abel Sadah is a writer and journalist from Baghdad working in both Iraqi and Arab media. He was the editorial manager of a number of local newspapers, and was a political and cultural reporter for over 10 years.
Federal Court and the Federation Council on the agenda of the parliament session today
Will vote on the members of the committees permanent and rules of procedure
of Baghdad, Omar Abdel Latif Shaima Rashid
revealed the head of the Virtue Ammar Tohme for that table meeting of the Council of Representatives for this Thursday will include the inclusion of a legal Federal Court and the Federation Council.
said Tohme said in a statement singled out the "morning": that the heads of political blocs agreed in their meeting today, "yesterday" on the need for the inclusion of these laws at a meeting on Thursday, and begin to form the standing committees of the House of Representatives and guide blocks to provide candidates, especially the Legal Committee, as will be made during the meeting to vote on its members because many of the works of the plenary the House of Representatives depends on that committee whether proposals or bills.
continued that the meeting has concluded an agreement to vote on the rules of procedure and the formation of a committee to review and make adjustments to it if necessary.
his part, said a member of the House of Representatives for the coalition of Kurdish blocs Abdul Bari Zebari "morning" : that there is a trend to form standing committees and leave the presidency and vice-president until the formation of the government, warning that such an approach came after the emergence of some of the problems due to the lack of agreement minister with the head of the parliamentary committee overseeing it in addition to speeding up the work of those committees and to the fullest.
either decision the House of Representatives Niazi architecture Ihsanoglu has criticized the process of distribution committees and especially the sovereign on the big blocs and not allocate any of them for blocks small despite the presence of deputies experts and specialists and incompetent Extraordinary in the performance of these committees.
between in a statement the "morning" that these committees will be distributed on the basis of "quotas", describing this It's a "great disaster" that used by the House of Representatives in all sessions, as will remain the 24 committee as it was during the previous session.
while local Member of Parliament for the Liberal bloc Awad al-Awadi, he can not be excluded competencies and specialists from the presidency of these committees being independents or belong to small blocks, due to his so-called "regulation" or "maturity" or "quotas."
stressed Al-Awadi said in a statement singled out the "morning" the importance of the formation of committees in the two works regulatory and legislative, because he can not enact a law given without that comes out of a parliamentary committee competent.
MP on the mass of virtue, beauty Muhammadawi lost between that today's meeting will be to discuss the rules of procedure of the House of Representatives and the formation of committees.
said Muhammadawi in an interview for the "morning": that today's meeting will see a discussion of the rules of procedure and the formation of committees, especially the Committee of the displaced and the Legal Committee of the Provisional which Asthaddtta As a result of recent developments, and the importance of expediting the legislation of laws that disrupted during the previous session, "noting that he will be voting on the preparation of the rules of procedure of the House of Representatives.
MP for the coalition of civil democratic sunrise Abaiji confirmed in a statement the "morning" that today's meeting will be the main theme of the file displaced and the formation of committees, saying: "The file will be put displaced during today's session, and there will be a final report to the displaced and to submit proposals to resolve this."
The arrival of a new version of the law of the Federal Court of Parliament
By Khabaar Khaba 08.06.2014 02:13 | Views: 11530
The arrival of a new version of the law of the Federal Court of Parliament
Brother - a special
The President of the House of Representatives Saleem al-Jubouri, on Wednesday, announced the arrival of a new version of the law of the Federal Court from the government to the House of Representatives, stating that the law would be included in the meeting of the Council of Representatives for tomorrow.
A reporter for the news agency reports (et) in Parliament that, Parliament Speaker Salim al-Sabah held a meeting today with the political blocs in the Council, and announced the arrival of a new version of the law of the Federal Court from the government to the House of Representatives.
He added that "the law was included in the parliament session for tomorrow."
It is noteworthy that the previous parliament, and since the beginning of the session in, the 21st of December 2010 saw constantly disagreements and lack of consensus on many of the laws vital task, such as the law of parties, and oil and gas law and the Unified Pension Law and the proposed amendment to the election law, as well as the general amnesty law and others, while confirming that the observers it is subject to political posturing and the wishes of the leaders of parliamentary blocs.
Iraqi Court Issues Ruling for Parliament to Return
Ayman Oghanna for The New York Times
Nuri Kamal al-Maliki, center, at the University of Baghdad. He is likely to remain prime minister.
By ANTHONY SHADID
Published: October 24, 2010
BAGHDAD — Iraq’s highest court on Sunday ordered Parliament, elected in March and convened only once for 18 minutes, to resume its sessions, adding another wrinkle to a lengthy crisis that has tested the country’s institutions and unsettled its people.
Times Topic: Iraq Elections
Editorial: Iraq’s Stalemate (October 20, 2010)
The Federal Supreme Court called the delay unconstitutional, and the acting speaker promised to convene Parliament again within days. But the decision seemed more procedural than decisive, and perhaps set the stage for another constitutional crisis. Parliament has gone unattended as Iraq’s most powerful blocs have tried for seven months to negotiate an agreement on the government’s top posts. They still seem weeks, even months, from a deal.
“Holding the session at this time will be the beginning of another problem,” warned Izz al-Din al-Dawla, a member of Iraqiya, one of the top vote-getters in the March 7 election.
Before and after that vote, Iraq’s political process has shown a marked tendency toward opacity, and powerful politicians have often deployed the military and quasi-official bodies to settle scores and further their ambitions. The federal court is no exception, and critics have derided some of its decisions this year as serving the agenda of Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki, who is still likely to return to power for another four years.
Sunday’s ruling came in response to a case filed by a civil society group, backed by the venerable but small Communist Party, against the acting Parliament speaker, Fouad Massoum. With the backing of most factions, Mr. Massoum convened the 325-member Council of Representatives in June, then left it open indefinitely, but unattended, to give politicians time to negotiate the makeup of a government that will preside over the American withdrawal of 50,000 troops by 2012.
The court agreed with the civil society group’s contention that Mr. Massoum’s procedural move was unconstitutional and ordered lawmakers to resume work.
Iraqi activists celebrated the decision as a step toward strengthening political life and addressing deepening popular anger with the country’s political class — not least with the newly elected lawmakers, who have not met in more than four months but continue to receive their salaries of about $11,000 a month.
“This is a historic moment for us, the civil society organizations,” a leading activist, Hanaa Edwar, said. If the lawmakers do not convene the session again soon, she said, “we will go to the court and ask them to dissolve Parliament.”
Mr. Massoum promised to act quickly, and politicians interpreted the ruling as giving Parliament two weeks to reconvene. Once Parliament convenes, the Constitution outlines a very specific timetable: members pick a speaker and two deputies, and then, within 30 days and by a two-thirds majority, a president. The president has 15 days to name the head of the largest parliamentary bloc to form a government, a task to be completed in 30 days.
But time and again, politicians here have found ways to flout an admittedly pliable Constitution. Failure to achieve a quorum would be one way to prevent Parliament from acting.
The crisis over forming a government has created deep popular anger, adding to a sense, reflected in recent polling, that the country is headed in the wrong direction. Cognizant of that, politicians from across the spectrum hailed the court’s decision publicly on Sunday, even if they acknowledged that negotiations might still have a way to go.
“The court had to give this decision,” said Hakim al-Zamili, a lawmaker with a faction loyal to Moktada al-Sadr, a populist cleric whose alliance with Mr. Maliki has buoyed the prime minister’s chances of returning to power. “The timing was good. It would have been better if it was even earlier, because this situation has so badly affected Iraqis.”
Nevertheless, no leading political bloc seemed eager to have Parliament meet again, at least not until the framework for an agreement was reached.
The broadest fault line in those negotiations remains a contest between Mr. Maliki and an alliance led by Ayad Allawi, a secular Shiite and former interim prime minister, whose group won two more seats than Mr. Maliki’s. Both coalitions are soliciting the support of the Kurds, deemed essential for gathering a majority in Parliament.
Although Mr. Maliki’s chances seem best, the Kurds have pushed for an inclusive government with Mr. Allawi’s participation, a compromise that would almost certainly require curbing the prime minister’s powers.
The eventual deal will underline the influence of foreign powers — the United States, Iran and Turkey — in Iraq. The sense of machinations and backroom dealings has added to popular resentment, and some analysts hailed Sunday’s decision, at minimum, as a step toward transparency in the negotiations.
“At the very least,” said William Warda, a political analyst, “it will create dialogue inside Parliament, where debates will be open, and not in closed rooms or outside Iraq, where you don’t know what’s going on.”
Omar al-Jawoshy, Yasir Ghazi and Duraid Adnan contributed reporting.
Seven long months after parliamentary elections, Iraqis still don’t have a government. Yet Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki was on another international road trip Monday — this one to Tehran, where he was soliciting the mullahs’ support for his bid to maintain power in Baghdad.
Mr. Maliki also was just in Syria and Jordan and is expected to visit Egypt and Turkey. Reuters reported that he is offering Arab states investment deals if they nudge his rival, former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, toward accepting Mr. Maliki’s leadership. Mr. Allawi, whose Sunni-backed, secular-Shiite coalition called Iraqiya bested Mr. Maliki’s Shiite State of Law bloc by two seats in the election, has also been on the road trawling for support.
Iraq needs good relations with its neighbors. But more than anything it needs a legitimate government able to address its many deep problems. Rather than trading unseemly favors with other countries, Mr. Maliki should be working full time with Mr. Allawi and other leaders to break the political impasse at home. Mr. Allawi needs to be open to compromise.
Meanwhile, almost nothing is happening in Iraq. Reforms that could resolve disputes over oil revenues, power sharing and the future of Kirkuk — claimed by Arabs and Kurds — are on hold. While this drags on, resentment is growing, particularly among Sunnis, who fear that they will be shut out of political power.
We were chilled by a report in The Times on Sunday that in recent months hundreds (or more) former Sunni fighters who came in from the cold — members of the so-called Awakening Councils — have quit the local defense forces or been dismissed and appear to have rejoined Al Qaeda in Mesopotamia.
The Sunnis ran the country under Saddam Hussein, and the Shiites were badly persecuted. Iraq’s post-Saddam governments have all been Shiite-dominated (the Sunnis made things worse by boycotting the 2006 elections) and far more interested in payback than inclusion. The result was several very bloody years of civil war.
The Sunnis supported Mr. Allawi this time and appear to be grimly reconciled to the new order. The danger of sliding backward cannot be dismissed.
The White House insists that there is no major shift back to the Al Qaeda camp. Other American officials say Iraq recently increased benefits for Awakening fighters and has integrated more of them into government. But Pentagon figures show that as of July, only 41,000 of 94,000 Awakening fighters have gotten promised jobs.
Mr. Maliki’s courtship of Shiite-majority Iran has helped win him the support of the pro-Iran group led by Moktada al-Sadr, the anti-American Shiite cleric. But he doesn’t yet have enough votes to form a government and Mr. Allawi is refusing to join a Maliki-led coalition. Both men need to work a lot harder to cut a deal.
Above all, the new government must not replicate the old one: Shiite-dominated with token Sunni representation. That is a recipe for continued instability — or worse. Iraq urgently needs a new government that is not mortgaged to Iran but reflects the election results with Mr. Maliki, Mr. Allawi and the Kurds playing major roles.
The Kurds, who could be the kingmakers here, must hold back on endorsing Mr. Maliki and use their clout to press for a broadly representative government.
The Kurds’ efforts to convene a meeting of all major blocs to forge a national unity government is a productive step. Washington needs to press all sides, a lot harder, to make a deal.
MP holds Maliki responsibility of what the (IS) achieved
MP holds Maliki responsibility of what the (IS) achieved
BAGHDAD / NINA / The head of the Civic Democratic Alliance, Mithal al-Alusi held the current Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki responsible for what is achieved by the Islamic State in some areas, for his failure to run the country.
Alusi said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA /: "It is clear that the political rivalry within the constitutional mechanisms between the forces and personalities, moved from Logic to circumvent and threatening others and using religion and legal vocabulary," noting: "Maliki, if he felt he achieved an electoral victory, but the reality says the government is built on consensus and political visions . "
He added: "the Islamic State's control over many areas of Iraq has happened in Maliki's period, and widespread of the militias as well as in his time also" ./
Peshmerga free two Shabak villages, arrest four terrorists
Peshmerga free two Shabak villages, arrest four terrorists
BAGHDAD / NINA / Peshmerga forces freed, yesterday evening, two villages for Shabak and arrested 4 terrorists were going to attack displaced families in Sinjar Mount.
Patriotic Union of Kurdistan's official in Nineveh said in a press statement that "the Peshmerga forces managed to liberate two villages of the Kurds Shabak and also managed to repel several attacks by terrorists and kill a large number of them and burned their cars."
MoI in Kurdistan reassures its citizens and confirms (IS) is dying
MoI in Kurdistan reassures its citizens and confirms (IS) is dying
Arbil / NINA / The Ministry of Interior in the government of the Kurdistan region called the citizens of the region to be reassure on the development of the region and to maintain high morale and stability, stressing that the Islamic State has received fatal blows from the Peshmerga forces and it is dying now.
The ministry said in a statement: "The Kurdistan now defend themselves with courage and valor against the attacks of terrorists, and God willing, and the sacrifices of the Peshmerga will defeat the enemies and victory will be for the people of Kurdistan."
The statement added: "In this situation we call upon the citizens of Kurdistan to be high morale and maintain their steadfastness," pointing out that "the enemy is dying now."
He added, "I assure our people that the enemy is weak and collapsed, and does not have a force that would enable it to threaten the cities of the province."