*** " Evict Maliki " Countdown is 36 Days until the SCHEDULED Election *** * NOTE that the countdown notice has been amended to qualify the Election as " Scheduled " to give emphasis to the tenuous state of political / constitutional affairs in Iraq in recent days and specifically the mention in the news of a possible delay in the election due to the Anbar diaspora.
[Here is the correct translation of CBI press release...]
Statement Release from the Central Bank of Iraq
Dr. Abdel Basset Turki Sayeed, Central Bank of Iraq Governor, headed a delegation in Jordan on Monday 3/24/2014. The delegation participated in Article IV consultations of the International Monetary Fund. The Minister of Finance, as well as members of the Ministry of Justice and the Ministry of Oil, were in attendance.
The Central Bank of Iraq
An account of cashless Kurds
Last updated: 24 Mar 2014 07:28
Money is merely an idea. In the absence of commodity-pegged money, society has the ability to devise its own solutions.
Having followed the media frenzy surrounding the two-week United States federal government shutdown in October of 2013, with doom-mongering pundits bemoaning how the lack of funds would destroy the US economy, one would be forgiven for thinking we were witnessing the apocalyptic final scene from the movie "Fight Club", with its plot to bring down the world's credit card companies leaving the world in chaos and rubble. Without the circulation of money, the narrative seems to be, we will revert to the Dark Ages.
This is a narrative that is currently being challenged in Iraqi Kurdistan: As part of the current power struggle between the Iraqi Central Government and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) over the Kurdish region's annual budget and the overarching issue of the Kurds exporting oil, the Central Government decided not to pay out the KRG's salaries for the months of January and February, a sum estimated to have accumulated to over $1 bn.
The KRG is, by far, the biggest employer in the Kurdish region, employing over a fifth of the region's 5 million residents (as a point of comparison, that is almost as many people as Walmart - the United States' biggest employer - hires in the US, a country of 317 million inhabitants), not to mention the countless more receiving government pensions or social benefits.
The KRG is, by far, the biggest employer in the Kurdish region, employing over a fifth of the region's 5 million residents, not to mention the countless more receiving government pensions or social benefits.
Even those who are not government employees are affected: Many local banks, notoriously unable to keep an acceptable level of liquidity at the best of times, have run out of cash entirely, which has led to local companies and businessmen having to lend banks millions of dollars. After well over two months of this stalemate, the end times should be well upon the Iraqi Kurds.
And yet, on a regular Tuesday at Nali's, one of the many trendy cafes in the Iraqi Kurdish city of Suleimania, there is not a free table to be found. Trying to drive through the local shopping streets with its ramshackle gravity-defying stalls and badly transliterated store fronts is still like experiencing Zeno's dichotomy paradox, where what you imagine should be a desolate consumerist wasteland is as busy as ever, our taxi driver eventually sighing that we'd be better off walking to our destination.
There are no demonstrations demanding salaries to be paid out, there are no strikes and no looting, and though people - understandably - are complaining, they are still going to work and performing the job for which they have yet to be paid.
It is clear that whatever we expect to see from a society where there is no physical money, what is currently going on in Iraqi Kurdistan is subverting it.
There are precedents that tell a similar tale: The Irish bank strike of 1970 left the country for six months without access to any cash at all. Though it was widely expected that the country's entire economy would collapse, an ad hoc solution was improvised where people began using IOUs as money and where local pubs functioned as clearing houses and offering credit checks.
Money, after all, is merely an idea, and in the absence of commodity-pegged money or fiat money, a society has the ability to devise its own solutions.
The Kurds themselves have dealt with unconventional financial solutions before: In 1993, the UN embargo on Iraq made it impossible for the country to receive its Dinar bills that had been - hitherto - printed in Europe (called Swiss Dinars due to the general assumption that they were manufactured in Switzerland, although they actually were printed in the UK).
The Iraqi Central Bank reached out to a Chinese printer that wasn't covered by the embargo, giving the Iraqi people three weeks to exchange their old Swiss Dinars for the new "Saddam Dinars". The Iraqi Kurds, pariahs then more than ever, could not exchange their bills and so continued using the Swiss Dinars until 2003, though these were obsolete bills that no international bank would ever accept as legal tender.
What arose was an improvised currency that was, much like BitCoins, finite in their number - there hadn't been any new bills printed after 1989 - and used only in a region that was completely secluded, legally and financially, from the rest of the world.
Yet these obsolete bills quickly became far more valuable, due in large part to their scarcity, than the official Iraqi Dinar that was not only easily counterfeited but moreover being printed in gargantuan quantities to allow for Saddam's government spending.
Also, historically, villages in the Kurdish area would have very little money and instead operate on a bartering system until villagers would venture into cities to receive payments in cash for their products, not because the villagers needed cash for their day-to-day life, but rather because it was the only way to pay various government fees. Finding alternatives to government-backed money seems deeply rooted, then, in Kurdish society.
Even the tendency to start the year without a salary isn't news to the Kurds: Iraqi accounting practices are so complex and convoluted that the yearly audit is often delayed, making unpaid January salaries the perverse distorted mirror image to the Western world's Christmas bonus.
However, the Iraqi Kurdish region, in the midst of an economic growth unlike any it has ever seen, is no longer as secluded from global financial markets as it was in the 1990s. Though locals can still - with remarkable ease as these past two months have shown - operate on an IOU basis, barter with valuable commodities such as jewellery or borrow from friends and family. Those solutions, however, break down when faced with the robotic compliance departments of international banks and investors in the region.
And so, when on February 28, 2014, after two months of withholding salaries, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki vowed to pay out one of the unpaid months and a letter was sent - two weeks later - to the Central Bank of Iraq to release said funds, there was for the first time not so much a general shrug as there was a sigh.
Money, as we generally define it, might not be as necessary as we think on a microeconomic scale: The Kurdish and Irish examples, along with recent reports that Tide detergent has become a de-facto black market currency in the US, show that workarounds can always be found in societies where people know and trust one another and where this trust can supplant any faith one has in a central bank's fiat.
But if the Kurdish region wants to be part of the international community and to attract foreign investment, such ad hoc solutions will soon no longer be possible.
Agri Ismail is an Iraq-based author. His work has previously appeared in The White Review, the Chimurenga Chronic, the Outpost, the Swedish art journal Glanta and the anthology Uncommonubai.
The views expressed in this article are the author's own and do not necessarily reflect Al Jazeera's editorial policy.
Kurdish MP: Kurdistan Alliance will not attend next session only after agreement on all contention points of with Baghdad
BAGHDAD / NINA / Deputy Chairman of the Kurdistan Alliance parliamentary bloc, MP Mohsen al-Sadoun asserted that "The alliance will not attend the next meeting of the Council of Representatives, which will include the second reading of the budget, unless the federal government and the province agree on all points on the budget and exporting oil."
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / that the province declared its readiness to export 100 000 barrels a day from the region's oil, starting from the first of next April, which the federal government welcomed this agreement," pointing out that "this agreement needs to be activated as soon as possible ."
Sadoun said "the federal government and the provincial government should do practical measures to implement this agreement , through direct meeting between officials of the two governments , pointing out that" the triple parliamentary committee is continuing in its contacts and dialogues , but without tangible results so far . "
The House resumes its sessions next Sunday to start the second reading of the state budget of 2014.
The rapporteur of the House told NINA that: "The session also includes the second reading of the state budget."
Kurdistan is ready to attend the meeting read the terms of the budget
Tue Mar 25 2014 07:38 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad (Iraq) / Fadel Abbas
Stipulated that the presence of the Kurdistan Alliance parliamentary session scheduled on Sunday with the approval of the government to cancel the texts and items that she described as "punitive imposed against the Kurds in the budget." The MP for the Kurdistan Alliance Najeebeh Najib said in an interview for "future" yesterday (Monday) that the alliance would abstain from attending the parliament session scheduled for next Sunday, which includes the agenda, the second reading of the budget bill unless approved by the federal government to amend the draft law and the abolition of texts penal imposed on the Kurds in the budget, specifically the paragraph that emphasizes the link between cutting the region's share of the budget, the issue of oil and gas. Najib indicated that the Kurdistan Alliance will seek if the government refused to make the amendment to the budget bill, to achieve the principle of compatibility with the major political blocs in parliament, which in turn would comply with the government for the inclusion of these amendments on the budget to be voted on and approved.
And confirmed a member of the Kurdistan Alliance that alliance has many demands, but it adheres to request cancellation of items punitive and penal and linking the region's share of the budget file of oil, indicating that if the government met this requirement, the Kurds will attend the session of Parliament for the second reading and approval of the budget.
The House of Representatives has announced that he will hold its regular meeting on Sunday that his agenda includes a second reading of the draft general budget of the country.
Khalil calls to avoid exploiting killing Bidaiwi to create more problems between CG, KRG
Tuesday, 25 March 2014 10:27
Baghdad (AIN) –MP, Mahma Khalil, of the Kurdistani Alliance called to avoid exploiting the crime of killing the Journalist, Mohamed Bidaiwi, by an officer within the Presidential Guard Forces to create more problems between the Central Government and the Kurdistani Regional Government.
He stated to AIN "KRG strongly denounces this crime and calls to punish the officer according to the Iraqi laws away from the political issues."
He urged "The political sides to avoid exploiting this case through media to defame the image of the Kurds before Iraqis."
Kurdistan Presidency: Baghdad’s Attitude to Journalist’s Death Sectarian, Dangerous
People in Erbil gathered on Monday to condemn Nuri al-Maliki's call to avenge journalist's death "with blood".
Rudaw ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – The Kurdistan Region Presidency has warned of attempts by Iraqi leaders, among them Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to take the death of journalist Muhammad Bidaiwi out of its judicial context and using it to settle political scores with the Kurds. “It's regrettable that the Iraqi prime minister used the strange and ugly phrase of "blood for blood" after the incident,” said the office of President Massoud Barzani in a statement. “This is outside the law, governance and the culture of co-existence and democracy.”
The statement expressed condolences to the family of Bidaiwi, an Iraqi academic and journalist who was shot dead by a Kurdish presidential guard in Baghdad on Saturday. “We offer our condolence to the family and all journalists,” read the statement. “We hope that a just court takes legal procedures to investigate the incident and settles the case.”
In the meantime, President Barzani’s office described the reaction of Iraqi authorities as unfortunate and that it may lead to ethnic tensions in the country. “After the incident, the statements of some Iraqi politicians have worried the Iraqi public and are considered as a threat to peace and co-existence,” said the statement. “They further intensify the complicated (situation) and cause turmoil between the citizens.”
The Kurdish presidential statement echoed the public view in Kurdistan that Iraqi leaders are using Bidawi’s case to incriminate the Kurds as a whole and a means to settle political scores with the autonomous region. It mentioned in particular other journalists and academics killed in Baghdad in recent years whose cases have been ignored by the Iraqi legal authorities. “In recent years, 400 university professors have been killed, but nobody felt responsible for their blood and Baghdad authorities did not make any attempt to find the perpetrators,” read the statement.
The official statement stressed the Kurdish-Arab ‘brotherhood’ and coexistence among Iraq’s different ethnic and religious groups and that the overreaction of some Iraqi leaders could drive a wedge between these groups. “Because a Kurdish citizen was involved in this unfortunate incident, they (Iraqi leaders) want to exploit it politically and turn it into a dangerous matter and an attempt to cause division among the ethnic components of Iraq.”
The statement criticized Prime Minister Maliki’s use of the word “blood for blood” in solving Bidaiwi’s death. “If the Iraqi authorities view the events through this logic, then the question is, who would pay for the blood of 5000 martyrs in Halabja, 18,20000 Anfal victims, 8,000 Barzanis and 12,000 Faylis?” read the statement, referring to the genocide campaign carried out against the Kurds by the Iraqi regime in the 1980s.
“Despite this sacrifice of the Kurdish people, the Kurds were never willing to say: "blood for blood.” The presidential statement went on to say that the Kurds had voluntarily decided to be part of Iraq and “live in peace and as brothers,” but that “if the authorities in Baghdad do not want this brotherhood we could sit down with them and end this problematic relationship once and for all.”
Ala Talabani: There are actors trying to inflame the Arab street against the Kurds
Mon Mar 24 2014 22:45 | (Voice of Iraq)
Confirmed the MP for the Kurdistan Alliance bloc Ala Talabani that what happened in one of the checkpoints of the presidency and the killing of journalist Mohamed Bedaiwi, is unfortunate and sad accident and is the mastermind and unintended happened as a result of the altercation.
She Rep. Ala. Talabani during a special permit for PUKmedia: We want justice to take its course, and we deplore and denounced the Presidency and the Kurdistan Alliance this incident, but it is a pity there are stakeholders in the government, led by the prime minister and senior members of the state law and the parties and the other streams are trying to take advantage of this Thread for the purposes of election propaganda and fueling the Arab street against the Kurds and tarnish the image of the Peshmerga.
She Rep. Ala. Talabani said the officer, who was arrested on the background of the murder of journalist Mohammed Bedaiwi to Aantmi to the Peshmerga forces, but is an officer in the Iraqi army brigades and one and two who are guarding the region's presidential two of the brigades of the Iraqi army and the forces belonging to the body of Army Staff and takes its orders from the General Command of the Armed Forces, headed by the Prime Minister.
She said Rep. Ala. Talabani: that these forces have a good reputation in Baghdad during the last 9 years, and the functions of these forces was to protect the president personally and the region's presidential, but this forces the protection zones torch university district Qadisiyah and Jadiriya, and these areas did not get them any security breach as Event in the Green Zone, many times, so we see a lot of heads of political blocs and the headquarters of political parties and international organizations inhabiting this region for the restoration of security and where do these forces Ptnnifz functions well.
She said Rep. Al Talabani: What happened is an accident happens here and there, we condemn it, but we reject the conversion subject to election propaganda and fueling the street against the Kurds and against the Peshmerga and specifically the presidency.
Brigade commander of the regiment presidential assassination shows the details of the press Bedaiwi
Mon Mar 24 2014 22:50 | (Voice of Iraq)
Denied, commander of the regiment brigade presidency Colonel Saman Coron, to be a murder journalist Mohammed al-Shammari Bedaiwi deliberate, stressing at the same time, the regiment brigade officer handed to the Baghdad Operations Command.
The Colonel Coron in remarks to the satellite Kordsat News, Sunday, that the brigade presidency checkpoint in the center of kindergarten box and presidential, and when the arrival of any guest can not access to the box Presidential only after frisked thoroughly, adding that the journalist Mohamed Bedaiwi, delayed entry because of inspection procedures followed by the checkpoint, pointing out that the journalist became agitated edgy severe because of this delay, and tried to take one of the weapons found at the checkpoint, he took Lt. Mohammed and in order to intimidate the press and to stop talking, to lift the arms it, then the journalist to withdraw from the place, but when He withdrew again because of the Kurds and the officers and soldiers who are in place so the lieutenant Mohammed beat journalist rear of the weapon, and while beating out a shot from the weapon without intent.
The Dean Coron to the officer he wanted to defend himself, and at the same time wants to be paid calms down a journalist who was agitated edgy severe then and because of the fear and panic that happened there, the officer started to run away from the scene for fear of what has happened, and we have to bring the detachment of us to look for him , and the officer turned himself in and we handed him over to the Baghdad Operations Command.
He denied Dean Coron be incident deliberate, stressing that the shot came from the bottom to the top, pointing out that if the incident was intended to have been shot in the chest press, or in his car, not under his throat, which means that the shot came from the bottom to the top, pointing to This is the first time that we are confronted with such problems, we're here since 2005, did not face such problems, although in many cases, issued words of insult for the Kurds and the officers present in the presidential box.
Urgent.… Key Kurdish delegation, including murderer's family members visit Bedewi's family in Wasit
Tuesday, 25 March 2014 12:44
Baghdad (AIN) –A key Kurdish delegation including the family members of the officer who killed the Journalist, Mohammed al-Bedewi, visited Bidaiwi's family in Wasit.
An informed source stated to All Iraq News Agency (AIN) "The delegation arrived on Tuesday morning and comprised the Trade Minister, the Health Minister, the Commander of the Presidential Brigade and some of the family members of the murderer where they participated in the solace."
"The delegation expressed their sorrow for the accident and assured that no political or national motivations behind the accident," the source concluded.
BASRA, Iraq – In the warm, murky waters of the Gulf, off the coast of Iraq, a group of marine scientists have made an important and surprising discovery: A living coral reef.
The discovery has sent ripples through the international scientific community, as coral reefs were previously thought to be nonexistent in the abnormally warm, sediment-laden and often oil-polluted coastal waters of Iraq.
The team of German and Iraqi researchers behind the find noted that the discovery is significant and indicates that the biological diversity of Iraq’s coastal waters is greater than was thought in an area that, “has witnessed extensive historical impacts from a number of significant environmental, climatic, and human stressors.”
The coral reef complex was discovered during a scientific dive expedition in the Gulf by a joint team of researchers from the Marine Science Center of the University of Basra and the Scientific Diving Center of Freiberg University of Mining and Technology in Germany.
The team, led by Thomas Pohl of Freiberg University, published their findings this month in the academic journal Scientific Reports.
Though coral reefs have been documented in other areas of the Gulf, it was generally thought that they were absent from Iraq’s narrow 58 kilometer stretch of coastline, because of the harsh local environment.
The Gulf is thought to be the hottest sea on earth, with seawater temperatures frequently exceeding the tolerance levels of most corals.
As the location where the Shatt Al-Arab, the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, empties into the Gulf, Iraq’s coastal waters are extraordinarily heavy in nutrients and sediment. Such conditions are not favourable to the growth and survival of healthy coral reefs – another reason the discovery is so surprising.
The team of researchers hypothesized in their study that the low visibility of the murky waters is what may have prevented satellite observations from previously detecting coral reefs off the Iraqi coast.
The challenges presented by the natural environment are compounded by a host of local human-related threats, according to a report compiled by Basra University’s Marine Science Center after the discovery.
Oil and gas activity, oil spills, ill-planned coastal development, unsustainable fishing practices that are destructive to coral beds, poor waste management and an overall deterioration of water quality are all factors that create a difficult environment for the Iraqi coral reef to survive in, let alone thrive.
Despite this, Pohl and the research team noted that they expect there are more coral reefs waiting to be discovered in Iraq’s coastal waters.
Known for their beauty, the importance of coral reefs extends far beyond their aesthetic value.
Coral reefs are one of the most diverse and valuable ecosystems on earth, and play a vital role in water filtration, fish reproduction, shore line protection and erosion prevention – all of which benefit humans immensely.
The World Resources Institute (WRI) reports that although coral reefs occupy less than one quarter of one per cent of the entire marine environment, they provide a home for more than 25 per cent of known marine fish species.
As the foundation of many of the underwater world’s food webs, the discovery is good news for Iraqi fishermen, who may see significant increases in their catches if the coral reefs are adequately protected.
Forty-nine per cent of Iraq’s fish species are reef dependent and, according to the WRI, if properly managed, each square kilometer of coral reef yields an average of 15 tonnes of fish and other seafood per year.
The Iraqi reef, found at depths of seven to 20 meters below the surface, measures nearly 28 square kilometers.
Increased catches could also help mitigate food insecurity in Iraq, where the United Nations says nearly six percent of people are food deprived and a further 14 per cent of the population are vulnerable to food insecurity.
Despite their immense importance ecologically and the trove of benefits that coral reefs provide to humans, the future does not bode well for them.
The World Wildlife Fund reports that approximately one-quarter of the world’s coral reefs are already thought to be damaged beyond repair, with another two-thirds under serious threat from destructive fishing practices, overfishing, careless tourism, pollution, sedimentation, coal mining and climate change.
Scientists estimate that by 2030, as many as half of the world’s coral reefs could be lost.
The study by Pohl and colleagues notes the urgency of protecting and conserving such valuable habitats in Iraq, but that doing so will not be smooth sailing:
“This is a particular challenge (for) the Gulf area due to the extensive oil and gas exploration. Countries formerly experiencing major disputes now share common marine habitats, opening the door for political as well as scientific action. Monitoring these rare reefs will require intense communication between experts from many nations, and the results will have global implications.”
Broder Merkel, one of the study’s German researchers and the head of Freiberg University’s Scientific Diving Center, told Nature Middle East last week that two further Iraqi-German expeditions are being planned, but that “Much more intensive underwater research is needed.” http://rudaw.net/english/middleeast/....bNAC4twd.dpuf
Economic Expert: Gold quantity, bought by the central bank is small, currency stability needs more
BAGHDAD / NINA / The economic expert, Basim Jamil called on the central bank to expand the process of buying gold to stabilize the Iraqi currency against foreign currencies.
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA/: "Iraq needs to boost its reserves to move away from economic shocks. And the quantity bought by the central bank of gold recently is a small amount compared to other countries."
He added: "The diversification of the currencies' basket and Iraqi reserve is a good and useful step, but it must be more broadly."
The Iraqi Central Bank announced yesterday that it bought / 36 tons / of gold to stabilize the exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar against foreign currencies.
Bahaa al-Araji: World Bank called the Iraqi government to stop intervene in the work of the central bank
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP, Bahaa al-Araji warned from the deterioration of the economic and financial situation in Iraq because of the failure of taking professional policies and overlapping powers as well as interference in the work of the central bank by the Iraqi government .
He said in a press statement: "The World Bank called on the Iraqi government, during a meeting in Amman attended by representatives from Iraq, to reform those policies and stop government interference in the work of the Central Bank, specially borrowing money from the Bank, otherwise, Iraq will be put on the blacklist."
He added: "These policies will take us to the period of the sanctions imposed on the former regime, which led to the deterioration of the value of the Iraqi dinar and its negative effects on the Iraqi situation."
Araji called the Iraqi government to stop such interventions, and develop an economic and fiscal policy to avoid Iraq from these crises.
~~ IMO THIS DOES NOT BODE WELL FOR US. CANT EXPECT THE WB AND IMF TO GIVE THE GREENLIGHT WHEN THEY CANNOT TRUST THE CBI TO COMPLY WITH INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS. I GUESS MALIKI COULD DO WHAT SADDAM DID AND PUT HIS OWN RATE OUT THERE. RED LILY ~
*** If the demand for "a" exportation quota is illegal, then the amount of the quota is irrelevant. What is not being said here that may be important to the validity of such an argument is the punitive provisions (applicable to Kurdistan only ) for recoupment of any shortfall in the production of the quota. Differential treatment is denial of equal protection of law and unconstitutional. ***
*** NOTE THAT THE THREE-SIDE COMMITTEE, TRI-PARTITE COMMITTEE, OR TROIKA, AS IT IS VARIOUSLY DENOMINATED, IS EXPECTED TO REPORT THIS WEEK ***
MP: Agenda for Action in Anbar is not related to the date of parliamentary elections
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP, of the State of Law, Abbas al-Bayati said: "the action agenda in Anbar does not relate to the date of parliamentary elections."
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "a great part of the issue of the Anbar had settled, but Fallujah and its center," pointing out that" we are able to solve it militarily, but we do not want this choice , because we want the clans to do their obligations towards civilians, and to separate civilians from ISIS and al-Qaeda . "
The member of the parliamentary Commission on Security and Defense added "The Action Agenda for Fallujah does not relate to elections and its time, but it relates to the military plans and operations room of Anbar, which determines times and schedules with respect to its actions over Fallujah or the other."
Bayati pointed that "there is no time limit to resolve the situation in Fallujah, and it is set by field developments and tribes through their ability to convince people inside Fallujah, and the situation cannot remain indefinitely without government control and its institutions and the displacement people from the city."
*** AM I ALONE IN OBSERVING A CHANGE IN THE TONE AND CONTENT OF THE MALIKI GOVERNMENT TOWARD THE ANBAR CRISIS. AL BAYATI IS SLC AND A LONG TIME MALIKI " MAN ". I DO NOT BELIEVE THAT THE ACTIONS OF THE GOVERNMENT IN ANBAR ARE UNRELATED TO THE DATE OF THE ELECTION, BUT INITIALLY MALKI IMPOSED A DEADLINE FOR RESOLUTION OR PROMISED DECISIVE MILITARY INTERVENTION / ACTION WHICH HAS CHANGED OVER TIME TO THE RATHER PERMISSIVE AND DETACHED POSITION HEREINABOVE ***
Kuwait / NINA / The twenty-fifth of the opening session of the Arab summit began this morning, March 25, in Kuwait in the presence of / 13 / of Arab presidents and princes under the logo / High solidarity for a better future / and lasts for two days.
Iraq participates in this summit by a delegation headed by Vice President Khodair al-Khzaie and includes a number of ministers, officials and parliamentarians.
The summit will discuss several topics dealing with the Syrian crisis, the Palestinian issue and reforming the Arab League as well as the economic and social issues.
Kurdistan Region announces the production of more than five million barrels of oil during ( * LIKELY SINCE ) the past November 2013
Mon Mar 24 2014 23:46 | (Voice of Iraq)
Press-range / Arbil
Revealed the Ministry of Natural Resources in the Kurdistan Regional Government, on Monday, announced that it has produced more than five million barrels per day during November of 2013, the past, indicating that the average daily production exceeded 179 thousand barrels, and it was exported by pipeline transport oil region and tankers.
This came in second monthly report, which was published by the ministry on its website and seen it (the long-Presse).
The ministry said in its report, "The region produced through November of 2013, the past five million and 384 thousand and 421 barrels of oil," noting that "the average daily production stood at 179 and 480 thousand barrels per day."
The ministry said that "oil exporting region was done through a tube and the private carriers", usually that "the publication of its monthly reports are part of its ongoing commitment to transparency, and its periodic reports will be available in both English and Kurdish on its own."
The ministry had issued its first report, in (the thirtieth of January 2014), and included activities from October 2013 the past.
It is noteworthy that the file is one of the dilemmas of oil in chronic tradition between Baghdad and Erbil, and an obstacle "intractable until now" to prevent the adoption of the federal budget.