al-Hakim Confirms the Need for Comprehensive Solutions for the Crisis in Anbar
BAGHDAD / NINA/ Head of the Iraqi Islamic Supreme Council Ammar al –Hakim confirmed on Thursday 6 Feb. the need to find comprehensive solutions to the crisis of Anbar, indicating that a political solution is not enough and that a military solution alone is not enough too.
al-Hakim said in a speech today at the fifth annual conference for Aziz al- Iraq football championship according to a statement for the Supreme Council that our initiative included a comprehensive developmental , political, military , economic and service solutions.
Mutahedoon Coalition: Its Position is to Protect the citizens of Anbar and Differentiate Between the Protesters and the Terrorists
BAGHDAD / NINA / The Mutahedoon Coalition / for Reform / confirmed on Thursday 6 Feb. that their position towards al- Anbar crisis is to protect the innocent citizens and to differentiate between the protesters and the rights of people, and the remnants of al-Qaeda and Daash .
The coalition said in a press release that we called, since the first day of the start of violence in Anbar province, to protect the innocent citizens, and to differentiate between the protesters and people’s rights and the remnants of the terrorism of al-Qaeda and Daash, calling to resort to political solutions based on understanding and partnership with the sons of Anbar, in order to fight terrorism and get rid of it altogether.
The coalition confirmed at the end of its statement that their effort will not stop at an end, hoping that the suffering of people in Anbar would come to an end as soon as possible.
Supporters of a law on minority rights in Iraq are working to finalize a draft with the hope that the next parliament will act on it, following legislative elections scheduled for April 30. Given the narrow demographic space religious and ethnic minorities occupy, they are subject to marginalization and subsequently ignored within their societies. This is particularly true within societies, such as Iraq's, composed of large groups involved in sectarian conflict. The rights of minorities often are lost amid the clamor of the larger groups’ demands.
Iraqi society is tribal in nature and shaped by sectarian divisions. Some tribes are structured on the basis of sect, as is the case of the Shammar, Tayy, Banu Tamim, al-Jabbour, Zubaid, Khafaja and Khazraj. Since the first Iraqi military coup in 1958, the ruling regimes, aided by events, worked to strengthen this structure to use it politically to consolidate power. The current authorities are also trying to use this structure in the ongoing sectarian conflict by forming alliances with Shiite parties against other Shiite groups in Shiite areas and with Sunni groups against their rivals in Sunni areas.
The tribal and sectarian structures offer needed protection for those within them in their conflicts with rival groups. In addition, the large Iraqi groups — the Shiites, Sunnis and Kurds — take part in governance and have significant shares in the general political regime and economic system. This gives them the ability to preserve their interests and promote their sectarian and national agendas. In addition, they have a chance to be socially prominent and to culturally express themselves in the public arena.
Minorities, however, have less protection because they are outside the tribal structures — as is the case for Baha’is, Christians and Turkmen — or are too small as a group to be effective on their own behalf. Their political presence amounts to only a small number of MPs representing them. Also, their religious and cultural expression are sometimes limited to the confines of their homes and houses of worship, with freedom of public expression a precarious right.
In such a situation, it is important for government to preserve the rights of minorities and provide them with protection by passing legislation ensuring their participation in public life. This falls under the category of “positive discrimination,” an approach followed in countries where minorities are harmed or disadvantaged in some way due to certain conditions. It aims to preserve minorities' rights and compensate them for past harmful discrimination and exclusion. The modern and democratic state can counter negative, discriminatory practices by offering governmental guarantees of taking action against crimes committed against minorities in addition to the adoption of measures to hinder persecution.
A number of international laws and pacts approved by a majority of countries, including Iraq, include provision aimed at helping protect minorities. These include the United Nations Charter of 1945 and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948, in addition to conventions on women, workers and other groups. They all include articles touching on the status of minorities to make sure their rights are preserved and that they are granted equal opportunities in public life. In 1992, the United Nations issued the Declaration on the Rights of Persons Belonging to National or Ethnic, Religious and Linguistic Minorities, which includes articles on minorities from earlier international pacts, with additional details and guarantees.
The Iraqi constitution does not mention minorities but uses instead the word components, which differs from international agreements, which refer specifically to minorities. The drafters of the Iraqi constitution set out the freedoms and rights of religious and ethnic groups within the scope of confirming the existence of the prevailing identity of the country. This amounts to marginalization of these smaller groups. Article 2, section 1, of the constitution states, “This constitution guarantees the Islamic identity of the majority of the Iraqi people and guarantees the full religious rights to freedom of religious belief and practice of all individuals, such as Christians, Yazidis and Mandean Sabeans.”
Golo Sinjari, a member of the Iraqi independent High Commission for Human Rights,” told Al-Monitor that laws discriminating against minorities enacted under the former regime are still applicable. He added that in addition to overturning these laws, there is a need to enact new laws to protect minorities, but no one seems to care. Examples of discriminatory laws include Law 105 of 1970 banning the Baha’i faith, and Article 21/3 for the Personal Status of Minorities, Law 65 of 1972, which imposes Islam on children if one of their parents is a Muslim.
Sinjari added that the situation for minorities deteriorates daily because they do not enjoy adequate legal protection. As a consequence, the number of those emigrating abroad has increased. According to Sinjari, the number of people committing suicide is higher among minority groups compared to other groups.
The Masarat Institute for Cultural and Media Development (MCMD), which works to protect minorities in Iraq, helped prepare the first draft of the Law of Minorities as part of a project aimed at “legalizing the fight against all forms of discrimination,” and in case that did not work, adopting “a special law that protects the rights and freedoms of minorities.” Masarat published the draft law as part of its 2013 study “Creative Diversity: Roadmap to Enhance Pluralism in Iraq,” which was discussed at a conference on Jan. 20 in Baghdad.
The draft law focuses on ensuring the rights of minorities by identifying and preserving their cultural and religious identity by protecting their language and cultural education and supporting minority appearances in the media to express their social identity. Moreover, the draft states the importance of revising the educational curricula in history and religion to encourage the promotion of pluralism and acceptance of others. It is equally essential to shield the curricula from ideological dominance by conflicting religious and national identities and to treat these two subjects with objectivity and impartiality.
Saad Salloum, head of the Masarat Institute, told Al-Monitor, “It took two years to develop this study through discussions with the UN [Assistance Mission for Iraq] and the representatives of minorities. The draft law for minorities was distributed at the conference in order to put it up for public discussion by experts, media and civil society so that they can develop it before presenting it to the next parliamentary session.”
Passage of the minorities law could help mitigate emigration by minorities and halt their leaving central and southern Iraq for northern regions of the country.
Baghdad (AIN) – MP, Salim Dali, of the Iraqiya Slate accused the government of working on postponing the elections by the military operations in Anbar.
Speaking to All Iraq News Agency (AIN), he said "The government is trying to disturb the situation such as the situation in Anbar starting from arresting MP, Ahmed al-Alwani, which will negatively affect holding the elections."
"More than 200 thousand refugees have left Fallujah city which raises the question about the way of holding the elections in this city and the other cities of Anbar," he added, expecting "Witnessing the same situation of the former elections where they were postponed in Nineveh and Anbar provinces." http://www.alliraqnews.com/en/index....tical&Itemid=2
Maliki confirms the existence of pressure on the judiciary and asking him to stand by the security services
Fri Feb 07 2014 05:31 | (Voice of Iraq)
BAGHDAD - «life»
Friday, February 7th, 2014
Accused Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki unnamed parties to exercise pressure on the judiciary, who asked him to be in addition to the fighters and the security services.
Maliki said on the occasion of the opening of the new headquarters of the judiciary: «bless proudly highly motivated and firm will to the Chief Justice Medhat al-Mahmoud, which did not stop at its borders in the construction of this edifice, but it is heavy fighting in order to remove the effects left by the former regime in the judiciary or it was the Iraqi judiciary subservient to the decisions of the Revolutionary Command Council, and this needs to be heavy fighting and anchorages and wisdom in order to get out of the Iraqi judiciary of this melting pot that is the direction of real authority is able to activate what is required of them in accordance with the constitutional and legal contexts ».
He added: «may be building as easy as the construction of this edifice, (...), but I find fighting harder on the other side in order to create an independent judiciary, a professional fair and just and any deviation in the compass of Justice opens the door for Mtshehadan and predators, and who do not want stability in Iraq (...) , so fighting is to find a fair and judicial institution independent very big issue ». He added that «our Constitution confirmed the separation of the three powers, a phenomenon healthy, and should be in the executive branch independence and functions, as well as the authorities of the legislative and judicial branches», However, that «the judiciary denied this independence also denied other authorities under the rule of an individual who issued everyone became Iraq and his decision is the decision of the judiciary, legislation and implementation ».
He explained that «the judiciary requires in addition to the professionalism and competence to be seriously considered in the nature of the circumstances, since the day we suffer a terrorist attack is fierce, and I say fight the judges in their courts as well as fighters in the field is fighting a real, like someone carrying a gun».
And demanded that «the judges to hand fighters and security forces because they may suffer when they find a criminal might cite in order to arrest a person or more, and he sees the other day, a loose, these foils mettle of fighters and security forces».
The «I know that there is pressure on the judiciary and all he wants to be judged him as he wants, but I assure everyone that the hardness of the judiciary and professionalism have made others do not covet that saw him standing of Faasr, but we also do not want pineapple will break, but we want to be independent, professional and cooperative in the circumstances we are going through difficult ».
Furthermore, Al-Maliki said in a statement followed by attending a conference for the announcement of the national plan to activate the UN Security Council Resolution No. 1325 on women, peace and security, that «the voice of Iraqi women and positions equivalent to the sounds and attitudes of a lot of men», indicating that «what was done or supporter of the people of Anbar and the position of the martyr al-Shammari Al-Futtaim equivalent positions regiment of men ».
Lauded as the «Iraqi woman and her presence and to defy the odds and participation in building the society and the state security services and in the political sphere».
A penalty clause in the federal budget to punish the Kurds
Fri Feb 07 2014 02:25 | (Voice of Iraq)
Talk | Ahmad al-Rubaie | Baghdad |
At the time when the Kurdistan Region of Iraq to resume oil exports to Turkey beyond the control of the center, waved to the central government to deduct the value of the amount of oil exported from the region's budget, amounting to 17 per cent of the total budget of the country's public.
Ministry of Natural Resources of the Kurdistan region announced a few days before the resumption of oil exports through the pipeline connecting Iraq to the Turkish port of Ceyhan, stating that it is seeking to export two million barrels per day over the next few months.
Sami al-Askari says the MP for the coalition of state law for "Talk" The federal government has drained a lot of attempts to convince the province to halt oil exports away from the center, and wait for the last chance for agreeing to the Terms of Baghdad.
He adds that the military government in Baghdad "has decided to take legal action against a series of Erbil in the recent case did not respond to the instructions of the Federal Ministry of Oil, waving to drop the" right of the territory to claim its share of the general budget. "
MP in state law, Khalid al-Asadi warned of the use of the Kurdistan Regional Policy "arm-twisting" with the center and said that there will be negotiations in the coming days to move this issue diplomatically through dialogue table.
The federal government passed many crises with the region with respect to the oil sector, and entered into the debates and many reached the limit of mutual accusations between the two sides, but they always used the language of dialogue to overcome.
Member of the Commission on oil and energy parliamentary Furat al-Shara said that the continuation of the region to export oil through the company "Como" Kurdish away from the center, pushing the federal government to begin negotiations with him in case of failure of these negotiations, they will apply the penalty clause and deduct the amount from the budget.
Kurds insist on the export of oil from existing fields within the territory of the region, stressing that he is not the tutelage of any party to the region, "and do not need to leave any party from its present," according to recent statements issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources.
The Minister of Natural Resources in the Kurdistan region drastically in a statement seen by "debate" that "the export of natural gas and oil is a legitimate right of the Kurdistan Region and will not leave any tip we need to do that."
Hawrami announced in the statement for further exploration of oil fields in the Kurdistan Region and said "we will reach the export of one million barrels a day."
Mohammed Khalil, MP and leader of the Kurdistan Democratic Party Maasmah strongly defended "the right of the region to export oil and dispose of wealth located on the territory of the region."
Says Khalil's "Talk" The region will not "yield to pressure the central government through threats and intimidation to reduce its share of the public budget and the right to manage its oil resources, according to Article 112 of the Iraqi constitution."
However, this determination does not represent the opinion of all the Kurds, the Kurdish Change Movement "opposition" warns of reaction that can be faced by the region in the event of continuing export of oil with no objections from Baghdad. "
A member of the bloc on the flesh for "Talk" It is no longer the province of the Federal Ministry of Oil Avaidath oil, it will have to compensate for the shortfall from the region's share of the overall budget, which could be up to half a billion dollars. "
The Iraqi Oil Ministry and on the lips of their spokesman, Assem Jihad, used the language of diplomacy during the reply to a question by "Talk" about legal sanctions to be taken by the ministry in the event of the region continued to export oil away from her.
Jihad says that Zrath and by a committee of high-level government negotiations explained its point of view and the statement of opinion toward the oil-exporting region away from her and added, "We are waiting for the results of the recent negotiations to move legally and politically."
And about the legality and constitutionality of the export of the region's oil and put the government a penalty clause in the event of non-compliance with the instructions of the federal government and act out the will of the legal status says legal expert Ali al-Tamimi's "Talk" All systems parliamentary Central states that "wealth is managed by the federal government only, therefore oil-exporting region outside the authority of the center is "illegal and unconstitutional".
With regard to sanctions, which wants to impose on the center region Tamimi said that "the sanctions legal basis of Article 97 of the Iraqi law in force for the year 1967, which states prevent the provinces from the extraction of oil or invest it without going back to the center."
Dr. Iyad Allawi, in an interview on Al-Arabiya time event
Fri Feb 07 2014 01:32 | (Voice of Iraq)
Called Dr. Iyad Allawi government to respond to the demands of the tribes in Anbar and not linked to terrorism issues, pointing out that political sectarianism help create a fertile ground for the growth of terrorism, and expressed Dr. Allawi in his speech for the "Arab event" for fear of transmission of the scene in the city of Fallujah to other areas, If you do not address the problem drastically, warning at the same time of the consequences of continuing Maliki to ignore the demands of the Iraqis, which leads to the sinking of Iraq mired in violence, stressing that the solution must begin to address the causes of the crisis in Iraq, especially political sectarianism, adding that the continuation of chaos File management of political and security trends in the country because of ethnic and sectarian strife will drag the country into a catastrophe.
He explained that the political process in Iraq can not be sustained on the basis of exclusion and marginalization and intimidation, calling to modify the course of the political process to include all components of the Iraqi and exclude terrorism, pointing out at the same time efforts to the success of an initiative to ease the tension and stop the bleeding of Iraqi blood and the shedding of Iraqi blood-winning daily , referring to the holy city of Najaf chosen venue for the conference because of the history of this city's gems, especially since it was the starting point revolted that led to the founding of the Iraqi state.
British Ambassador to Iraq hails the development of political and economic realities of the Kurdistan Region
Fri Feb 07 2014 01:59 | (Voice of Iraq)
Erbil: Ambassador Simon Collis praised the development of the political and economic realities experienced by the Kurdistan Region, the region where he was able to achieve significant progress in these areas, hoping to make further progress and prosperity.
This came during a press conference held by the British ambassador to Iraq at the Hall of Erbil Rotana Hotel, accompanied by Hugh Evans, British Consul General to the region.
The British ambassador that in addition boil capital Arbil visited to all of Sulaymaniyah and Halabja and Vichabour, also held several meetings with senior officials in the Kurdistan region, including the President of the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Minister of the Interior and the natural wealth and governors of Erbil, Dohuk and Sulaymaniyah. He pointed out that the main axes of these meetings took place on the relations between the Kurdistan Region and Britain, as well as ways to strengthen the vital interest in projects in the Kurdistan region, such as airline services and water projects and graduate.
He announced Collis announced the opening of a branch bank Standard Chartered Bank in the capital Arbil during the next few weeks, where he opened this bank branch in Baghdad during the month of November last year, and that preparations are underway in full swing for the opening of the second branch of the bank in the capital city of Erbil, in order to develop economic reality He described such a plan is necessary for the current phase, in addition to Bank City of London, which is one of the most important British banks in the world will have a branch in Erbil as well, and added that this step guide on the willingness of the partnership and joint cooperation with the Kurdistan Region.
In the axis, the price of the British ambassador aloft efforts Kurdistan Regional Government in the area of support and assistance of Syrian refugees sheltering in camps own in the region, revealed that Britain comes in second class in the world in terms of contributions to the Syrian refugees, where the sending of humanitarian aid to the refugees in the countries neighboring estimated cost of one billion dollars so far. He also conveyed the British ambassador at the same time a message of thanks from his government to the people of Kurdistan to his interest displaced from Anbar province who were forced to leave their homes because of the deteriorating security situation and went to the Kurdistan Region.
He also noted that the British ambassador to his meetings with senior officials in the Kurdistan Region also addressed the issue of oil and gas as one of the outstanding problems between Erbil and Baghdad, expressing his happiness of progress in talks between the two parties. He revealed that the presence of British companies competent in the field of oil or not in the Kurdistan Region has nothing to do British government because these companies belonging to the private sector, and that the British government has only a consultative role for these companies. He stressed at the same time there are many companies British citizens in the Kurdistan Region and participate effectively in the work and activities of the investment, which covers around 40% of the fields in the region.
In the axis talked about efforts to form a cab eighth for the Kurdistan Regional Government, pointing out that this Alsalh temporary, noting that the formation of the new government will make progress in economic terms for the region and allow more companies to implement business projects, stressing at the same time that the process of formation The new government in the region is an internal matter and they do not have any role or influence in this area.
The British ambassador to his visit to the town of Halabja and visit the Mausoleum monument Martyrs of Halabja, pointing out that all of Ayesh those events can not ignore the people of this town martyr, stressing the need to not ignore the future generations of this tragedy sad suffered by Halabja, especially since the same scenario renewed in Syria over the past year.
At the conclusion of the press conference, the British ambassador expressed his happiness and delight the decision of the UN Security Council to cleanse the weapons of mass destruction of the Syrian regime, stressing at the same time the need to abide by the rules of deeds, not in words to apply this decision.
«Human Rights Watch» monitor the imprisonment of thousands of Iraqi unlawfully
Fri Feb 07 2014 05:21 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad: Hamza Mustafa
Iraqi authorities denied the existence of thousands of women in prison, and subjected to various types of violations, noting that in the event of violations found are individual cases but, in response to a report published yesterday, the Organization of «Human Rights Watch». Which accused the Iraqi authorities detain thousands of Iraqi «unlawful», promised that the trial proceedings lacked international standards.
The organization said in a report yesterday, said that «the Iraqi authorities detain thousands of Iraqi women unlawfully, and subject to many of them to torture and ill-treatment, including sexual abuse», stressing that «often resorted Iraqi judiciary weak, plagued by corruption, to invoke the provisions of conviction to coerced confessions ». She added that «the trial process lacked international standards, since a lot of women have been detained for months or even years without charge, put them before a judge before».
She explained the international organization Human Rights Committee in its report that «no one is safe from the violation of women's rights in the Iraqi criminal justice system», stressing that «has been documenting the abuse of Iraqi women in custody, based on interviews with women and girls of Sunnis and Shiites in prison, and with their families and their lawyers, and with the providers of medical services in prisons, in a time of escalating violence between security forces and armed groups », indicating that it« has reviewed documents courts and extensive information received in meetings with Iraqi authorities, including officials from the ministries of justice, interior, defense and human rights, and the two Vice-Presidents Minister ».
The report quoted the Deputy Executive Director of the Middle East and North Africa in the organization Stork saying: «acting security officials and members of its forces in Iraq, as if the abuse brutal to women will make the country safer», adding that «the reality is that these women and their relatives told us that he As long as the violation of the security forces for people with impunity can not only expect a further deterioration in the security situation ».
In this context, denied the Iraqi Human Rights Ministry contents of this report, said the spokesman of the ministry, Kamel Amin, told the «Middle East» that «the current report, like its predecessors, reports adopted by this organization; lacks credibility and realism, accuracy and transparency, It is the criteria adopted in the international reports », pointing out that« In spite of the invitations that we sent to this Organization and other international bodies, and in spite of what has happened from the meetings, we note that they derive their information from non minutes, and build upon the findings and facts ».
The Secretary explained that «the number of women detainees in Iraq and the various types of cases are the 1081 women, of whom 109 only Movernmat in terrorism cases, there are 738 governed criminal cases are different, such as honor killings or other things, such as prostitution, theft and other».
He refuted the Secretary to the report on the arrest of women with their children, saying that «the action was taken on humanitarian grounds since the reign of Paul Bremer, the U.S. ruling, which gave women the right of the detainee to be with her son until the age of three years to have a child's need».
For its part, confirmed activist civil known Hanaa Edwar said in a statement similar to the «Middle East» that «the problem that we face in Iraq, that the system of justice we have a very crisp, as the judge considers himself part of the executive branch, and that the government than him, as well as rampant corruption in all institutions, including the judiciary ».
She added that the odor «confrontational mentality still dominates the security apparatus, and even with all the Iraqi official, so the practice of repression normal behavior for them, apart from the fact that this person is innocent or criminal». She explained: «For this reason, our prisons have become factories for the generation of terrorists, as punishment for our revenge, while it is in the law and in all countries of the world as a reform».
In conjunction with the report of the international organization, has praised Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, Iraqi Women, and its presence and its defiance of the difficulties, and participation in building the society and the state, security and services, and in the political sphere.
A statement from Maliki's office said in his speech during his attendance at the announcement of the national plan to activate the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security that «the voice of Iraqi women and positions equivalent to the sounds and attitudes of a lot of men, and the work (or supporter) of the people of Anbar and the position of the martyr (al-Shammari Al-Futtaim) equivalent positions regiment of men ».
He called on al-Maliki to «accomplish the plan as soon as possible, and submitted to the Government and the Parliament in order to apply».