Allawi calls for an urgent national conference to resolve the crisis in Najaf, Anbar
Thu Feb 06 2014 five five | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad / term Presse
called the leader of the Iraqi National Ayad Allawi, on Wednesday, all the political forces to "convene a national conference urgently to resolve the crisis in Anbar", while stressing the need for "the presence of representatives of the peaceful protesters," the people of the province, demanded that "the conference will be held in city of Najaf because of their sanctity for everyone. " The head of the Iraqi List, Iyad Allawi, during a meeting with a number of media, including the (long-Presse), "I call on through you to hold a national conference meets every political forces in order to find a solution to the crisis in Anbar," explaining that "the situation if it continues so will lead to serious consequences and no one wants them. " Allawi stressed the necessity of "the presence of representatives from the Anbar province, to be of peaceful demonstrators" and called that "This conference is held in the city of Najaf," attributing the cause to the "sanctity of this city at all." He was the governor of Anbar Ahmed Theyabi announced, on Wednesday , that the army and the tribes "have achieved significant results in KD Daash strongholds and crushing them together."
U.S. official: Iraq's efforts to prevent the transfer of Iranian weapons to Syria "not enough"
Thu Feb 06 2014 05:33 | (Voice of Iraq) - WASHINGTON (Reuters) -
Thursday, February 6th, 2014
Announced a U.S. official that "the Iraqi government needs to make greater efforts to prevent Iran from transferring weapons and fighters to Syria through Iraqi airspace."
Said the official in the Ministry of American foreign Brett Mkjurk in front of a meeting of the Foreign Affairs
Committee of the House of Representatives: "The Iraqis did not make enough effort on the subject of Iranian overflights," stressing "continue to press on this issue? inspections advancing and retreating." He stressed that "it's very frustrating."
Comments come in charge while searching the Obama administration send American weapons to the al-Maliki government, which is fighting militants mounting menace again.
U.S. accuses Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to allow the airline Iranian cross Iraqi airspace, and to send support to promote Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
Barzani's party is holding consultations with the «change» to the formation of the Kurdistan Regional Government
(Voice of Iraq) - Sulaymaniyah - the name of Francis
Thursday, February 6th, 2014
The President of the Kurdistan Regional Government Barzani in Sulaimaniyah, a new round of consultations to form a government, with the leaders of the movement «change» and »National Union», while Description Vice round it will be «critical» after a delay exceeded four months.
Faced Najirfan through consultations with the powers of winning the election difficulties in the mechanism of the distribution of positions, and carried the political parties «National Union», led by President Jalal Talabani, who finished third behind «change» responsibility for the delay , because of his insistence on granting government positions beyond the electoral entitlement.
Met yesterday Party delegation «democratic», headed by Nechirvan leader of the movement «change» Nushirwan Mustafa, in Sulaymaniyah without the announcement of the results of the meeting.
Official said room «research» movement «change» North Abdul Wafa Prior to the meeting, said that «delegation Democratic differs from previous delegations during the negotiations, because the agenda of the meeting concentrated on the formation of the government, but will be addressed to the security situation in Sulaymaniyah, and the differences within the National Union», and added that «the MDC presented three scenarios to the delegation Democratic, and we will satisfy apply any options », without reference to their nature.
Said deputy «National Union» Curran Azad told «life»: «I think that these consultations will be crucial to reach a final decision for several reasons, including the time factor, having exceeded delay in forming a government more than four months, as well as the number of meetings that took its share in the discussion of the mechanism and structure of the government, has resolved all parties ordered her to participate, and stayed put the finishing touches on the issue of positions », and the impact of internal disputes taking place« National Union »on consultations, He said that «internal differences do not consider it a crisis being concentrated on the national conference of the party and not on the formation of the government, and I think that Barham (Saleh) will continue to the presidency of the negotiating team, and still powers list, and has already provided a worksheet to designate the formation of the government».
Assured Azad that «debate is now on the mechanism of the distribution of positions as president of Parliament, Deputy Prime Minister, and I think that the change claim under the chairmanship of Parliament being pressured towards strengthening the role of this institution, as well as they won the second place, otherwise the parties may have to adopt a proposal to create the post of second deputy Prime Minister ».
In this context the heads of parliamentary blocs meeting to discuss the rules of procedure, and a number of bills introduced in the previous parliamentary session, to arrive at what was described as «a common vision» and configuration for holding parliamentary sessions.
The Biden Plan for Iraq Re-Enters US Policy-Making Debate
Posted by Reidar Visser on Thursday, 6 February 2014 7:02
With Iraqi political turmoil once more making headlines in the United States, an article in the National Journal has appeared with the headline, “Turns Out, Joe Biden Was Right about Dividing Iraq”.
The article uses as its point of departure the claim made by former defence secretary Bill Gates that Biden was wrong about every single important issue in US foreign policy. It then goes on to counter this by referring to the various “plans for Iraq” that Biden propagated as an oppositionist during the days of the Bush administration, particularly between 2006 and 2008. These plans were difficult to characterize because they changed a good deal over time as Biden’s ideas developed, and as a consequence they have also been misrepresented. In their minimum version, the plans involved an internationally sponsored conference that would somehow use the framework of the Iraqi constitution to subdivide the country into federal provinces. Biden claimed he kept an open mind about the eventual number of provinces. He “guessed” it would be three (a Kurdish, a Shiite Arab and a Sunni Arab one) but he gradually became more open-minded regarding the exact number and has often been misrepresented on this. Rather, the most noteworthy characteristics of the Biden approach to federalism in Iraq was that he expected a settlement that would take place as a one-off conference of political elites, and that it would be “comprehensive”, thus subdividing the entire country in federal entities.
Among the many problems with the Biden plan back then was that it usurped the provisions for federalism outlined in the Iraqi constitution adopted with US support in October 2005. The whole point of the federalism clauses in the Iraqi constitution is that development towards federal entities will be an uneven process, with different timelines for different parts of the country according to their level of economic and institutional development. It is specifically envisaged that individual provinces may prefer to continue to be ruled from Baghdad within a unitary state framework and with a degree if administrative decentralization. Biden’s plans would have violated all of this, meaning it would in practice be tantamount to rewriting the Iraqi constitution if implemented.
The argument that Biden was right after all, penned by James Kitfield, doesn’t occupy itself with such trivialities as the Iraqi constitution. Instead it asks whether not the best way to stop the current violence in Iraq is “separation”, by which the writer is clearly thinking of a three-way federalization involving Kurds, Sunni Arabs and Shiite Arabs.
How such an approach would achieve internal peace in the three regions is left largely unanswered. Does Kitfield really mean that if the Iraqi army hadn’t brought troublesome Shiite soldiers into Anbar, the Sunnis would have got along much better with foreign fighters and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) organization? If so, is that a positive scenario? Wouldn’t a Sunni canton that had largely cut ties to Baghdad be immeasurably more susceptible to pan-Sunni propaganda emanating from Syria? Wouldn’t Anbar security forces – on the regional guard model from Kurdistan, controlled exclusively by Sunni commanders loyal to figures in a regional authority that would have earned their positions on basis of Sunni sectarian propaganda during the process of federalization – be an easier target for ISIL cooption than the current Iraqi army, with its mix of Sunni and Shiite commanders? Also, let’s not forget that Biden’s original proposal came as an alternative to Bush’s “surge” and would have meant a US withdrawal from Iraq around 2008, at a time when Al-Qaeda was on the rise.
It seems far more realistic to consider a Sunni canton in Iraq as a potential ISIL asset and a factor that might cement the ascendancy of ISIL in the Syrian opposition. It certainly seems a little reductionist to dismiss Sunnis willing to cooperate with Maliki as an “older generation”, as a former CIA officer commenting in the article seems to do. What about Anbar provincial council members that continue to work with Baghdad, or new political coalitions in the upcoming April parliament elections that feature substantial Sunni representation and are still signaling an interest in cooperating with Maliki?
Still today, eight years after the Biden plan for Iraq was launched, it remains difficult to comprehend what its proponents envisage in terms of specific changes in Iraq. The notion of “a natural Sunnistan” occurs in Kitfield’s article, although history has never seen such a thing. We’re just left with the primitive assumption that Sunnis will go along better simply because they are of the same sect.
If we look at developments in Iraq over the past few years historically, it is clear that before the sectarian pull of the Syria crisis became too overwhelming, there were always plenty of Sunnis prepared to deal with Maliki and put sectarian considerations in the background. Sunnis with such an orientation still exist, but their chances of political prominence decreases each time an article with a sectarian paradigm for understanding Iraqi politics of Kitfield’s calibre is published.
MP: expects complete negotiations between Baghdad and Arbil next week
BAGHDAD / NINA / The MP, of the Ahrar bloc, Hussein Hamham expected completion of negotiations between the central government and Kurdistan province, regarding the relationship between the two, sides next week.
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "The quorum will be achieved in the case of the presence of the Kurdistan Alliance in the next meeting of the Council of Representatives in order to complete the first reading of the budget bill, as happened in the last session when voted on the pension law."
He added, "Motahedoon boycotting to the sessions of the Council of Representatives is not justified, because the remaining time is short and boycotting sessions, at this time, is not feasible, since the Iraqi people need to approve important laws like what happened in the retirement law," noting: "there is more than a question mark on Nujaifi's call to his bloc members to attend meetings of the House of Representatives and their absence from attending the voting the session on the pension law. "
The Kurdistan Alliance announced that its MPs will boycott sessions of the House of Representatives until the disputes between the central government and the region end .
*** I CHALLENGE ANYONE TO DISCERN THE TRUE MEANING OF THE FORGOING ARTICLE ***
Othman: It is time for the House of Representatives and Ministers to discuss and implement the demands of the demonstrators in Anbar
BAGHDAD / NINA / The independent MP, Mahmoud Othman said: " it is time for the House of Representatives and the Minister's council to discuss the implementation of the demands of the demonstrators in Anbar, because the sons of tribes stood with the security forces in fighting against terrorists from ISIS and al Qaeda in Anbar ."
Othman told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / We want the solution in Anbar to be non-military as much as possible, so we support any initiative of dialogue and peace in Anbar to restore things to normal without bloodshed and the use of military force only . "
He pointed out , "It is time for the House of Representatives and the Ministers to discuss the implementation of the demands of the demonstrators in Anbar , because it is important to thousands of people," noting that" the implementation of these demands will lead to the separation of the majority of the legitimate demands' demanders , from the minority of terrorists , and that it will support the process of the national reconciliation in the country, "pointing out that" the sons of Anbar demonstrators and their families stood with the security forces in dealing with terrorists from ISIS and al Qaeda in Anbar . "
He expressed his hope that the initiative of the Prime Minister Nouri to be successful to stop the bleeding of Iraqi blood . "
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki revealed yesterday, during his weekly word "there is an initiative will be announced within days to unify positions to resolve the battle against terrorism. "
*** IT WILL BE INTERESTING TO COMPARE THE HAKIM INITIATIVE FOR CONCLICT RESOLUTION IN ANBAR ( WHICH RECEIVED ALMOST UNIVERSAL SUPPORT, EXCEPT FROM MALIKI AND COMPANY ) WITH THE INITIATIVE TO BE ANNOUNCED BY MALIKI. I DARE SAY THAT THE INITIATIVE EMBRACED OR CREDITED WITH A RESOLUTION IN ANBAR WILL BE THE RESULT OF A POLITICAL CALCULUS OR PROPAGANDA CAMPAIGN ***
Peshmerga: there are no talks between Arbil and Baghdad
BAGHDAD / NINA / The Ministry of Peshmerga in Kurdistan Regional Government said that the Federal Ministry of Defense did not request to send troops towards the Hamrin area.
The Secretary General of the Ministry of Peshmerga, Jabbar Yawar said in a press statement: "The Peshmerga forces are unrelated to the battles currently taking place between the army and ISIS in the Hamrin. And there is no any request by the Federal Ministry of Defense to us for the purpose of helping them in the fighting terrorists of ISIS."
About the talks between Erbil and Baghdad, Yawar pointed out that negotiations and talks to resolve outstanding problems are stopped and did not make any progress.
*** IT IS UNCLEAR TO ME WHETHER THE " FAILED " NEGOTIATIONS / TALKS BETWEEN ERBIL AND BAGHDAD IS A REFERENCE TO THE ISSUE(S) OF THE PESHMARGA ONLY OR THE BROADER ISSUES INCLUDING OIL / GAS AND THE BUDGET ***