Agenda for the meeting (music) Tuesday (28) January 2014
January 28, 2014
First, read verses from the Koran.
Second: The vote on the formation of a committee to monitor the work of the Electoral Commission for elections.
Third: The vote on the draft law amending the Judicial Organization Law No. (160) for the year 1979. ( Legal Committee ), (2 items).
Fourth: The vote on the bill was held treaties. ( Foreign Relations Committee ), (34 articles).
Fifth: The vote on the draft labor law. ( Committee for Labor and Social Affairs , the Committee on the institutions of civil society ), (157 items).
Sixth: the first reading of the draft general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq for the fiscal year of 2014.
Seventh: the first reading of the draft law on the fight against drugs and psychotropic substances. (Committee on Health and the Environment), (51 items).
Eighth: the second reading of the proposed law to honor scientists, writers, artists and scholars State Prize). (Committee on Culture and Information, Commission of Higher Education and Scientific Research , Commission of Awqaf and Religious Affairs), (14 items).
IX: the second reading of the draft law of the First Amendment to the law on compensation for those affected by the military operations and the mistakes military and terrorist operations No. (20) of 2009. (For security and defense committee, the Finance Committee , the Committee of Martyrs and victims and political prisoners , the Legal Committee ). (Article 18).
Tenth: The second reading of the draft law on the establishment of a civil federal health institutions. (Committee on Health and the Environment, Legal Committee ), (19 articles).
The New Iraqi Provinces: Further Developments
by Reidar Visser
The surprise decision by the Iraqi government last week to announce plans for altogether four new provinces has been met with mostly predictable reactions among Iraqi politicians. Kurds are angry; as are Sunni Arabs and particularly those of Nineveh who will get most directly affected by the central government’s plans to parcel out some of their territory to create new governorates. Conversely, there has been jubilation in some of the minority communities affected by the plans (Turkmens, Shabak, Christians). Few know what the people of Falluja – the last area to become a projected province – may think about the plans. Their problems are of a more immediate nature, with dramatic estimates of the number of refugees having left the city because of the recent flare-up in the conflict between the Iraqi government and sympathizers of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.
At first it was tempting to assume that the reason behind the sudden declaration of new provinces related to the upcoming 30 April parliamentary elections, with Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki possibly trying to win votes among Shiite minorities (and Christians) outside the Shiite majority areas. However, interestingly, a more elaborate justification for the scheme has now been presented, suggested there could be an attempt at grander strategic thinking behind the initiative after all. Tareq Harb, a close legal adviser to Maliki, has maintained that the move is aimed at pre-empting the creation of more federal regions and the potential split-up of Iraq. According to Harb, by weakening large governorates like Basra and Nineveh, the prospect of them turning into federal region lessens since the tiny rump governorate in each case would be “a joke” of a federal region. Among the potential new governorates enumerated by Harb are Rawi (Anbar), Balad and Dujayl (Salahaddin, both with Shiite populations) and Qurna (Basra).
Meanwhile, the legal framework concerning the creation of such new governorates remains unclear. It has not helped matters that the minister of state for the governorates, Torhan Mufti (himself a Turkmen) has declared that the provincial powers law of 2008 does give the central government a right to change provincial boundaries. The same claim has been reiterated by a member of the parliament committee for the governorates, but neither claim has been buttressed with a reference to a specific article of the provincial powers law. It would be helpful if they (or anyone else who knows) could do so. A cursory reading of the amended law indicates a right of governorates to change their internal boundaries (sub-provinces), but where is the alleged corresponding right of parliament to change provincial boundaries?
One would have thought the US government, which was influential in Iraq at the time the provinces law was adopted in 2008, had analysed this problem. However, whereas an annotated version of the provincial powers law by USAID sounds promising, it fails to produce the required clarity. It seems to agree that there is no power for anyone to change provincial boundaries in the provinces law itself; however it does refer to the 1969 law on provincial administration as an alleged basis for parliament to change borders. There are several problems here. Footnote 32 of the American reports refers to “a power of parliament to change provincial boundaries” in law 159 of 1969. However, article 4 of the 1969 law does not mention parliament it all and instead refers to the revolutionary command council. Even more importantly, as the American report itself goes on to mention, the 2008 law abrogated the 1969 law and hence took away any specific framework that may have existed in that piece of legislation for the central government to create new administrative entities.
Few believe these latest decisions will create changes on the ground in the near future. However, there is a qualitative shift in the Iraqi debate when the redrawing of provincial boundaries becomes part of the political horse trading process. Heretofore, provincial grievances have mostly been contained in the budgetary process, with a certain inflation of petrodollars and other dollars (including compensation for border provinces and provinces with pilgrimage traffic). But whereas money can easily be negotiated, the mere discussion of borders threatens to create precedents and goals that can be difficult to contain once they have been ignited. For example, the schemes for provinces in the Nineveh plains and Turkmen areas dovetail with far more ambitious schemes among Christian and Turkmen politicians to create federal regions in their own right. Another problem relates to scale. If areas the size of Falluja can have their own governorate, one would expect a degree of symmetry in the shape of other similarly scaled new governorates. Whereas the existence of micro-minorities like Turkmen, Christians and Shabak may conceivably be used as an argument for administrative separateness (advocates of their scheme refer to article 125 of the Iraqi constitution), no such argument is present in the case of Falluja. All in all, then, given the momentous implications of such vision, it seems doubly important that Iraqi politicians should be a lot clearer about the legal basis for the dramatic changes they now propose.
Reidar Visser | Monday, 27 January 2014 4:49 at 04:49 | Categories: Uncategorized | URL: http://wp.me/pBkdV-12O
Important steps towards the settlement of the outstanding issues between the center and the region
Important steps have been incorporation between the federal government and a delegation of the Kurdistan region negotiator files about oil and the budget and entitlements of the oil companies through the exchange and discussion of views between the two sides,
Which will contribute to the solution of most of the points of contention that have dominated for a long time on relations center and the region. In this regard indicates the Kurdistan Alliance MP Mahmoud Othman said the central government and the provincial government Asesta through delegations put forward views, whether in Baghdad or Arbil to the type of steps towards a solution, noting that it needs time. The MP said Mahmoud Othman, said that "each party presented its point of view to another, and these views are being studied by both sides, which he so far there is no agreement on the outstanding issues and dilemmas.""But through press releases and the information we got from the atmosphere was positive by the presence of the seriousness of both parties." And federal governments differ and the Kurdistan region on a number of files, mainly the region's share of the financial budget of the Federal Assembly, and the export of Arbil oil, as well as oil and gas law.
State law attacking remarks Najafi in Washington .. The united respond: No endured more than brook
Mon Jan 27 2014 04:39 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad / term-Presse
Launched a coalition of state law, on Sunday, a scathing attack on House Speaker Osama Najafi, describing his recent statements in Washington about the base of the output Anbar within days if you give rights to maintain it as "a major disaster".
As promised mass united remarks Najafi "normal", and called on the state law not to download these statements, "more than Inga for electoral purposes", called the Iraqi List, the President of the House of Representatives to "step down" if it believes that "the people of Anbar waste their rights."
The leader of the coalition of state law, Khalid al-Asadi said in an interview (range Press), "The modern Najafi is very dangerous and a big disaster if Najafi can output terrorism is not directed only against the political deal, it means he does not care with blood flowing from the Iraqis in their war against terrorism, and this makes Najafi in the gallery of legal accountability. "
Asadi said that "the demands of the people in all the provinces of Anbar and in the focus of our attention, and we do not need to follow the mediation of the problems of our people, and the statements of Najafi this major disaster."
He called al-Asadi, head of the House of Representatives to "deny his initiative is the head of the legislature and it denies that he is capable of ending terrorism and failing so far so, he may have perjured constitutional."
But the MP for mass united Mohammad Iqbal said, in an interview with the (long-Presse), "The government's response to the requests of the demonstrators will narrow down on the militants, which meant the President of the House of Representatives and his natural", calling for the rule of law, "not to download these statements more than it should for goals electoral votes for a specific audience. "
Iqbal said, "Whenever the government responded to the requests of the demonstrators, it will create an atmosphere of security and satisfaction and acceptance of the security institution, either continue to bypass requests and ignored That will lead to the creation of an environment for rejecting the practices of the government."
The MP pointed out that all are united, "a hint of state law to file a lawsuit against the head of the House of Representatives would be theirs and they can do so, but they will not receive anything unusual and because the statements spoken by the law and the Constitution."
He said Iqbal that "the government's response to the demands of protesters and satisfy people will narrow down on the militants, but the lack of response and forced treatment of the citizen and the use of arrests, it will create an environment rejecting any government action."
For his part, the Iraqi List MP Talal Hussein Zobaie in an interview (range Press), "The Speaker of the House was not successful in his remarks in the filming of the scene, as well as address the crisis," calling the Speaker of the House "not to stay in power if he believed that the rights People waste Anbar and why remain in the political process at a time is wasted in which the rights. "
He asked for Zobaie "Najafi ability to bring out the insurgents from Anbar should be asked House Speaker Osama Najafi Does he have the ability to bring out the militants," returned Najafi "responsible for what happened in the country because it is a strategic ally of the rule of law."
He called on Iraqi Parliament Speaker Osama Najafi, earlier on Saturday, the United States to provide "advice and support" for Iraq to get out of the current crisis, with the load of the central government responsible for the spread of al-Qaeda in Anbar province, has vowed to "take out al-Qaida within a few days if given Government Anbar residents of their rights.
U.S. President Barack Obama vowed on Thursday to House Speaker Osama Najafi to "stand" with Iraq in its war against al-Qaeda and "groupware extremist", as expressed Obama and Vice President Washington's support for the Iraqi government's efforts to integrate the tribal forces in the formations of the armed forces, The president encouraged the American Iraqi leaders on the need to continue dialogue to discuss grievances and complaints legitimate. was House Speaker Osama Najafi expressed, at the outset of the meeting, which gathered with Chuck Hagel and U.S. Secretary of Defense expressed support for equipping the Iraqi army with weapons and equipment development and potential hostilities in the war against terrorism that do not These weapons are used to suppress the people.
And began to House Speaker Osama Najafi, last Monday, a visit to the U.S. capital Washington, accompanied by a number of deputies in the official visit of several days., And The New York Times quoted in (22 January 2014), for one elders of Fallujah who are negotiating with armed groups confirmed the failure of negotiations and "abandon the last chance for a peaceful solution", as he emphasized a number of residents of Fallujah said insurgents a strong grip on the population residing courts legitimacy.
The U.S. newspaper confirmed, last week, that the leader of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Daash), called the "People of the Year", to attack the "Shiites in Baghdad and southern Iraq," but added that Iraqi officials attribute the delay "to resolve all battles" in Anbar to "slow down" the government in arming the tribes, while referred to the "fragile" coalition of tribal government.
Kurdistan warns of a repeat scenario pass 2013 budget
Sun Jan 26 2014 17:32 | (Voice of Iraq)
(Special) ... Kurdistan Alliance warned of a repeat of the scenario to pass the budget in 2013, and urged not to create a new crisis to pass the budget without the Kurds.
The MP for the Kurdistan Alliance MP Khalil Mahma in a statement to the Central Council of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUKcc.org), today Sunday, 26/01/2014, to Arbil and Baghdad can photograph dialogue to resolve their differences on the budget, and through mutual visits, stressing that repeat the scenario in 2013 to pass the budget would have dire consequences on the relations between the two sides, and there will be a new crisis and the richness of Iraq for any new crisis.
Added MP Khalil said the budget left to parliament short period of time and all the differences that could have been resolved, pointing out that this may be an attempt to exploit the budget for electoral propaganda, and use leverage in political bargaining, rejecting the Kurdistan Alliance to it, and it will not accept them neither in the past nor the present and the future.
The deputy Khalil for his wish to be no consensus on the budget before going to the maturity of a large national which the electoral process, pointing to the existence of a desire by the House of Representatives to pass the budget, despite the differences and flaws and abuses them, stressing that if it crystallized the political will Fbalamkan pass the budget during the next two weeks, and before the end of the last legislative term of the current board.
Al-Bayati: Washington lifted the ban on the supply of certain weapons and F16 will reach the mid-year
Sun Jan 26 2014 18:54 | (Voice of Iraq)
Alsumaria News / Baghdad
A member of the Commission on Security and Defense parliamentary Abbas al-Bayati, Sunday that Washington lifted the ban on the supply of some weapons to Iraq, stressing that the four F16 aircraft will arrive mid-year.
Bayati said in an interview for "Alsumaria News", "ongoing military operations in Anbar province, has the support of international and regional large, so as to realize the world're driving global front is the first of its kind against al-Qaeda," pointing out that "the United States supports the process Anbar politically and militarily through to provide us with some information via satellite. "
Al-Bayati said that "Washington lifted the restrictions and the ban on the export of some of the weapons and equipment to Iraq after the reticence of some congressmen," stressing that "the first batch of the first squadron, which includes four F16 aircraft will arrive in Iraq in the middle of this year."
On the other hand, al-Bayati said that "armed groups hinder the establishment of safe corridors in Fallujah," noting that "the militants and al-Qaida Daash Eetmtrson civilians there, while avoiding the military bombardment of the city, fearing inflict casualties among the civilians and innocent people."
It is noteworthy that the Chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee of the U.S. Congress is likely in (the ninth of January current) supply Iraq with aircraft "Apache" to fight al Qaeda militants.
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki said, in (January 14 current) that the United States was reluctant to supply Iraq with weapons, light and heavy, and among that country today need big arms average to combat terrorism, pointed out that Iraq had bought Quartets resistant aircraft from Egypt.
The province of Anbar, and its gray, (110 km west of Baghdad) witness, since (21 December 2013), the process of large-scale military in the province extends to the border with Jordan and Syria, partnered by pieces of military and combat helicopters, along with gunmen from the tribes, to prosecute regulate what is known as the state of Iraq and the Levant "Islamic Daash."
Pentagon calls for Congress to ratify the supply Iraq with 500 Hellfire missiles worth 82 million dollars
Sun Jan 26 2014 21:28 | (Voice of Iraq)
Long-Presse / Baghdad
Demanded the U.S. Department of Defense (Pentagon), on Sunday, Congress ratified the sale of another shipment of 500 of the missiles, Hellfire and associated equipment to Iraq, valued at 82 million dollars, while indicated that it will improve the capabilities of the security forces for "strategic partner" is Iraq , in the processes currently being waged against al-Qaeda elements who had infiltrated from Syria, confirmed that the deal is "do no harm" readily United States defense or military balance in the region basis.
The agency United Press International UPI News, on the subject published today, and seen by the newspaper (range), said that "Iraq is seeking to get a shipment of missiles Hellfire from the United States at the time battling the al-Qaida senior force and other armed groups."
She UPI, that "Defensive Cooperation Agency U.S. Defense Security Cooperation Agency, informed Congress in a memorandum of its proposal of selling 500 missile, AGM-114K / R as well as related materials, spare parts, and logistical support and training, to Iraq under the program of selling military equipment foreign , "noting that" the value of the proposed transaction amounting to 82 million dollars. "
She told United Press International that "the memorandum and Defense Security Cooperation Agency, showed that Iraq Hellfire missiles will be used to help improve the capabilities of its security forces in support of ground operations currently under way," indicating that "Iraq will use this capability in emergency operations in the future."
It is noteworthy that the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, known as (DSCA), is a division of U.S. Department of Defense, and the availability of financial and technical assistance and the transfer of military equipment, training and other services to U.S. allies, and enhance communication with their armies.
According to UPI that "the contract for the missiles, Hellfire, which includes parts of pieces of explosives, and the number of monument missiles, containers, and means of transport, spare parts and repair, support equipment, training, and staffing training," pointing out that "the contractor President for the processing of this type of missile and additional equipment is Lockheed Martin. "
Besides the real causes behind the disputes in Iraq, there are a great number of conflicts revolving around figments of the imagination in the collective mindsets of the country's sects. These illusions have a great impact on the ground and feed the conflict, adding fuel to the fire of the hell taking place in Iraq.
Summary⎙ Print Although Iraqi political forces disagree about many common issues, there are also ideological divides based on exaggerated religious disputes.
Author Ali Mamouri
Posted January 26, 2014
The fighters of this war resemble Don Quixote, who went out on an adventure to spread truth, justice and noble values, only to embark on a delusionary path to fight enemies who only existed in his mind.
Everyone knows that Iraqis do not agree on how the nation's economic wealth is distributed and how politicians are running the country, among other issues. Similar disputes also exist in other nations. However, what differentiates Iraq from other countries is that so many disagreements only exist in the historical and religious memory of its sects.
Religion and history have been exploited to a large extent. The warring parties are prolonging the religious conflict by invoking historical struggles linked to ancient religious figures forgotten by many.
Thus, the ongoing clashes do not reflect the current dilemma as much as they reflect underlying hatred and sectarian animosity. In this way, a series of fabricated dualities appears that does not represent the reality of the conflict, all the while fueling and torching it. The conflict then becomes another scene of the fight between Hussein ibn Ali and Yazid, which took place 14 centuries ago and was mentioned in the Dec. 23, 2013, speech of Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki.
This is also true of the speeches of Maliki’s opponents, such as the resigned Vice President Tariq al-Hashem, who is presenting the current situation in Iraq as a conflict between Safavid Shiites and Sunni Ottomans that ended four centuries ago, in various statements published on his official website.
The purpose of these historical approaches is to project them onto the current situation and depict the rivals as longtime enemies. Therefore, grudges accumulate and Iraqis begin to see the other as an enemy who not only is fighting them but who also fought their ancestors long ago. These attempts to revive historical disputes date back to the era of the former regime.
The former regime established the ideology of the Iraqi-Iranian conflict as part of a historical journey that goes back centuries and millennia, starting with the conflicts of ancient history up until the last Iranian-Iraqi war of 1980-1988.
The regime used educational systems and research centers to entrench this ideological stereotype. Hundreds of research studies about the conflicts of ancient history, which took place between Mesopotamians and neighboring peoples of the east, were issued with this false and fake image.
Books as well as school and university curricula have been filled with stories about archaic historical victories and persecutions. They have portrayed Iraq as a united historical identity for thousands of years so that it matches Iran’s united historical identity. Yet, no such identity has been scientifically proven.
Nothing has changed in this ideologized reality charged with historical rancor and hatred following the fall of the regime in 2003. Instead, things have evolved and expanded in different forms and directions. The Sunni and Shiite parties fed this ideologized image with new fire, stemming from a religious heritage that was not initially linked to the real occurrences of today. The reason is that these parties were formed under the assumption that religion represents the status quo in all its dimensions and inclinations. Consequently, the status quo should be analyzed and understood in a religious historical context of old conflicts. This resembles the former regime’s assumption that the ideological image of Arab nationalism within the intellectual framework of the Baath Party represented the status quo of the country.
The huge symbolic role of each of the conflicting parties’ names represents the truth behind the virtual conflict and the massive power of religion and history in sparking wars in Iraq. The names of many historical figures and heroes in historical tales have been adopted again to designate people or groups participating in the current fight. Mukhtar al-Thaqafi (622-687), Zoroastrians and Iranian Safavids are on one side of the fight, versus Umar Bin Khattab (579-644), Khalid bin Walid (592-642) and Salah Eddine al-Ayoubi (1138-1193). The resulting image is distorted and random and reflects the imaginations of the conflicting groups.
Public speakers on behalf of both Sunni and Shiite sects feel obliged to create generalizations and identities that only exist in their “Don Quixote-esque” imaginations. Sunnis have turned into one unified entity facing Shiites, and the same applies to Arabs facing Iranians or the western region facing the southern provinces, not to mention other illusions that have nothing to do with the historical reality or the current situation of the country. These misapprehensions conceal the presence of a large Shiite group that opposes the government’s military operations in Sunni regions or condemns the government’s political and military accomplices in the military and security confrontations against the Sunni regions.
The conflict in Iraq has turned into a conflict between idealism and realism, between madness and rationality and between illusion and reality. All sides of this ideologized conflict are defying the initiators of realistic and pragmatic projects. Moderate people propose projects that aim at solving the crises, but they are not widely welcomed. The loud voices of extremists of both sects have been drowning them out.