An international report: Maliki's office re-experience Saddam politicizing security and control of the small details
18-12-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Two years after leaving the American troops, Iraqi security forces are struggling to rein in the violence that has arrived at the country level not seen since 2008, when he was the American presence at its peak.
And headed the Iraqi forces are now alone armed groups returned her new life because of discontent with rampant widely between the circles Sunni Arab minority, which complains of marginalization and targeting by the authorities led by Shiites, as revived these armed groups by the brutal war raging in neighboring Syria. Iraqi security forces and suffer from deficiencies and weaknesses, experts say about it, ranging from a low of training and intelligence capabilities to politicization.
Moreover, these forces are no longer easily get to the American experience, and the firepower and the support that he can rely upon in the past. As Iraqi forces repeatedly accused of abuses, including torture practices. Iraq now are exposed to daily attacks strikes Valanfjarat rupture cafes, mosques, markets, weddings and funerals, and people fall dead shot, and repeated targeting security forces and government officials.
This led to violence killed more than 6500 people since the beginning of the year 2013, which raises questions about the ability of Iraqi forces to ensure the security of the country.
A senior officer in the Iraqi army, told AFP, "The American troops were overseeing or participating or cooperating with the Iraqi forces in the tasks before the withdrawal." Said the officer, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said that "Iraq is still at the beginning of the road," stressing that the withdrawal of U.S. troops, "we take responsibility before us to be able to plug."
And U.S. forces officially ended combat operations in Iraq in 2010, and moved its focus on training Iraqi forces. In the following year, stopped negotiations on a training mission to the U.S. after the year 2011 when Iraq refused to grant U.S. troops legal immunity, refused to Washington to keep the troops in the country without the availability of legal immunity. The last American troops left, except for a small number under the authority of the U.S. Embassy, Iraq in December 18 of the year 2011. Helmk said Frank, a retired officer with the rank of a team in the U.S. Army served several tours in Iraq, including in 2011, that there is "one result is that we are left without completing many of the goals of basic training."
He added that the team Helmk "In addition to this, the Iraqi Air Force were not yet ready to defend the sovereignty of its airspace and still do not have these capabilities." He said, "In the end, the Iraqi security forces rely on the U.S. military in conjunction with the U.S. Special Operations Forces and Iraqi support in regards to intelligence which allowed her to keep the pressure on the networks of the armed rebellion." He added that "those capabilities suffer from the absence of direct U.S. support."
Helmk and saw that the Iraqi forces are now facing a variety of other shortcomings, including the perpetuation and maintenance, and integration capabilities of the army and police, and tactical communications and external defense. He said he does not believe that the Iraqi forces have the basic skills required.
Said James Jeffrey, the U.S. ambassador to Iraq from 2010 until 2012, it seems that training declined since the departure of U.S. troops. He said former U.S. ambassador to Baghdad, told AFP: "We had a program developed so we implement it when our troops were in Iraq ... training Soeriahm and Avusbandm and Aloythm, and now they do not do this, according to what I see, or they do not they do the same extent," which we do it.
He said that the training mission beyond the year 2011 was in Iraq that will help Iraqi forces to refine the basic skills still need to be developed.
Jeffrey continued, "The deployment of military force is far too complicated ... When exposed to fire permanent, Vmusbandthm require continuous training, require more experience and Iraqi forces do not have this yet, and we could give it to them."
A report issued by the Center for Strategic and International Studies on Iraqi security forces said that Iraq "is unable to find ways actors compensated for adoption former" American assistance.
The report considered in the consolidation of control of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on the armed forces, as an issue, saying that his office "controlled direct control over the military and police forces, intelligence, and elements of the national police and some elements of the Iraqi judicial system." The report noted that "the Iraqi political leadership insisted on repeating the efforts of Saddam Hussein in the management of smaller aspects of security operations, security, and the imposition of political control, and bypass the official chain of command, and refrain from space initiative."
In the end, however, the deficiencies of the Iraqi security forces more difficult to rein in rampant violence, but there is a deep-rooted political issues, particularly the wrath of the year, fueling unrest in Iraq.
According to Cordesman, author of the report Center for Strategic and International Studies, told AFP, that Iraq needs to "formulate a better level of understanding of the national," and "move toward a more inclusive government and nationally." Apart from this, according to what he sees Cordesman, "Iraq will find himself, as is the case now, more and more back to the kind of civil war, such as those existed in 2006 and before and after."
Khanaqin Suffers From Local Rivalries, Erbil-Baghdad Row
Meanwhile, Khanaqin’s Kurdish population is left in a no-man’s land, cut off from the Kurdistan Region and unable to take part in elections in the autonomous enclave.
SULAIMANI, Kurdistan Region – Rivalries between the Sunni governor and Shiite-dominated provincial council in Khanaqin have left the district in Iraq’s eastern Diyala province in limbo. Officials complain they have not seen a single penny of the budget or any project to improve lives in two years. “While they are engaged in political rivalries they completely shut down our budget and reconstruction projects,” grumbled Sayid Muhammad Nuri, who heads the district council of Khanaqin, which is predominantly Kurdish populated. Mayor Muhammad Mala Hassan lamented Khanaqin’s double whammy: Besides the local rivalries, the district also suffers from a row over “disputed territories,” which are claimed both by the Arab central government in Baghdad and the autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in the north. “The Provincial Council of Diyala and the governor cannot agree on a budget. They have not planned the budgets of 2012 and 2013, and are currently arguing over the budget of 2014,” Hassan said. He added that the district’s only hope was to look to the KRG for help, but acknowledged that was not feasible because Diyala was under Baghdad’s administration. “We cannot rely on them (the KRG) for implementing our projects, because we are directly tied to the governorate of Diyala,” said Hassan, who repeatedly protested that administration officials “are doing nothing for us.” “The KRG does give us assistance sometimes. They have helped us in some small projects and a number of projects are being implemented with their fund,” said Hassan. “Only suffering and sorrow are left for the Kurds who live here,” lamented Salih Mahdi, a provincial council member in Saadia. People in he region suffer under a host of problems, including kidnappings, murders, displacement, unemployment and lack of basic services such as adequate electricity. In addition, large tracts of land remain in the disputed areas, awaiting a resolution under the Iraqi constitution’s Article 140, which spells out the steps that must be taken in the lands before a referendum can decide whether they belong to the central government or the KRG. “We have lost 20 billion Iraqi Dinars (ID). This means the governorate of Diyala is withholding 20 billion dinars that is the money for our reconstruction projects,” claimed Nuri, the provincial council head. Meanwhile, Khanaqin’s Kurdish population is left in a no-man’s land, cut off from the Kurdistan Region and unable to take part in elections in the autonomous enclave. Provincial elections in Diyala were held six months ago. The governor is a member of the Iraqi Islamic Party, while the majority of the council members are from the Shiite Sadr Movement. “We can say this is a Sunni-Shiite problem, since the Kurds have only three members in the council. For six months the provincial council has failed to hold a proper meeting,” Nuri noted.
Erbil Welcomes Baghdad’s New Tone on Oil Exports to Turkey
Kurdistan Region Natural Resources Minister Ashti Hawrami speaking at the Erbil Oil & Gas conference.
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – Kurdistan Region Natural Resources Minister Ashti Hawrami welcomed Baghdad’s new tone on Erbil’s direct oil exports to Turkey, and said that the first supplies through a newly-extended pipeline had gone without a hitch.
Hawrami told Rudaw that the latest comments by Iraq’s Deputy Minister for Energy affairs Hussein Shahristani, in which he backed the autonomous Kurdistan Regional Government’s (KRG) oil exports to Turkey, were positive and “realistic.”
Shahristani told the Turkish Anadalu Agency that, "We support and seek to increase our oil and future natural gas exports to Turkey."
He said that the central government’s conditions for energy exports by Erbil are: The quantities of Iraqi oil exported to Turkey must be known to the central government; oil must be sold at international market prices; and revenues from the sales must be channeled to the account of the Iraq Development Fund in New York, in line with previous UN Security Council resolutions.
“We see Mr. Shahristani’s position positively. The position is realistic and we see the language of such statements positive,” Hawrami said.
Last month, Baghdad had stepped in to try and block the deal, leading to a flurry of Turkish and Kurdish diplomacy that presumably ensured Baghdad would get its constitutional lion’s share of the revenues from the sales.
“No doubt, the revenue of Kurdistan oil exports will be very transparent and the whole process will be run transparently, for the service of the people of the Kurdistan Region and Iraq,” Hawrami said.
He told Rudaw that the first supplies through a patch of pipeline, allowing Kurdish crude to reach Turkey and on to international markets via the Ceyhan port on the Mediterranean Sea, had gone well.
“The Kurdistan Region’s oil exports started in a very good way through the Kurdistan-Turkey pipeline. Now, we are certain that the pipeline works well and the process will continue,” Hawrami said. “Certainly, the quantity of crude oil export through the pipeline will increase constantly.”
The KRG intends to boost current oil exports of 150,000 barrels per day to 400,000 bpd by the end of 2014.
Hawrami said that the success of the pipeline and exports will defuse the standing political tensions between Erbil and Baghdad.
“Despite the political obstacles that were created for the process, now the success of the process has calmed the situation and will lead to its improvement,” Hawrami said. “The added oil exports will reflect positively on the economy of the Kurdistan Region and Iraq, as well as Turkey and the world market,” he explained.
Baghdad has always opposed the Kurdistan Region’s energy deals with international oil companies and Turkey. It has remained at odds with Erbil over management of natural resources in the Kurdish regions.
Hawrami said that Baghdad’s new tone could help resolve other outstanding issues with Erbil and perhaps lead to the signing of a highly controversial Hydrocarbon Law that has been sitting in the Iraqi parliament since 2007.
“Based on such statements, we can cooperate very well to solve all the issues,” Hawrami said. “This style can facilitate the passing of the Iraqi oil and gas law as well as the oil and gas revenue distribution law,” he added.
Not too long ago I picked up a new textbook for my introductory course on the politics of the Middle East. It appeared to be organized exactly the way I wanted, with both thematic chapters and some sixteen additional chapters on different states of the Middle East and North Africa. Although there was no chapter on the Kurds, the Amazigh, Christians or other significant but stateless groups of the Middle East (apart from the Palestinians of course), I’m somewhat resigned to that in this field.
What I have trouble getting used to is how the Western scholar who wrote the chapter on Iraq discussed the Kurdish issue there. In an all too common approach for mainstream Middle East studies, he systematically downplayed and ignored the Kurdish perspective. Of all the academics who work primarily on the Kurdish issue today, the only one he cited is the most ardent, unrelenting and vehement critic of the Kurds.
Some examples should give readers an idea of what kind of perspective this kind of “scholarship” promotes. The Kurdish revolts of the 1920s, 30s, 40s and 50s are not even mentioned in this treatment of Iraqi history. The forced incorporation of the Kurds into Iraq, or broken promises of treaties and British “letters of intent” in 1922, go unremarked. The first real mention of the Kurdish role in Iraqi history come with a discussion of the Qasim regime:
“Despite Qasim’s efforts to reach out to the Kurds and his invitation to the Kurdish leader and head of the KDP, Mustafa Barzani, to return to Iraq from the Soviet Union, a dispute developed between the two leaders in 1961. When Barzani and the Kurdish leadership made what Qasim considered excessive demands for autonomy and an Iraqi army column was attacked in May 1961, the Iraqi army invaded the north.”
Although students reading this might wonder why Barzani was in the Soviet Union before 1958 (the author never sets the context), at least they know that the whole Kurdish problem resulted from “excessive Kurdish demands” and an unprovoked attack on the Iraqi army in 1961. Poor, poor general Qasim and damn those unreasonable Kurds.
In this “history of Iraq,” there is a total of one sentence about Halabja and the Anfal campaigns, followed by the statement that “Nevertheless, it was Kurds who destroyed the monument to the victims of Halabja in 2006 when expressing deep-seated anger at the KRG leadership’s authoritarianism and corruption.” Naturally the author pays more attention to the 1994-1998 KDP-PUK civil war (including the events of August 1996), questions the KRG’s democratic credentials, makes an unsourced accusation that the KRG “threatened to imprison Kurds who had raised the Iraqi national flag” during the 2007 Asian cup football match, and claims that Massoud Barzani and Saddam Hussein “both cooperated to smuggle oil out of Iraq” in the 1990s.
When it comes to contemporary Iraq, the author focuses on Kurdistan’s “corruption,” “monopoly of political power by the two dominant Kurdish political parties,” “appropriation of oil wealth,” “media intimidation,” “inflation,” “autocracy” and everything else he can think of. He inexplicably cites increasing popularity of the Gorran Movement as part of the evidence of the Iraqi populace’s rejection of “sectarianism.”
This represents almost the total of what the Iraq chapter in this university textbook has to say about the Kurds of southern Kurdistan. While the Kurds and the KRG have their problems and faults, understanding the situation requires context, nuance and a more objective, comparative sense of how politics works throughout the world (I’ll hopefully try and address some of this in subsequent columns). I enjoyed critiquing this chapter’s kind of “scholarship” for my class, and I still use the textbook because most of its other chapters are much better than this. Unfortunately, I assume a professor whose expertise (or bias) excludes the Kurds just assigns such chapters without further thought.
Too often, it seems that this is how the Kurdish experience gets explained to English speaking students taking an introductory politics of the Middle East course. Teaching materials on Turkey often focus on secessionism and “Kurdistan Workers’ Party terrorism” when mentioning the Kurds there, although at least they usually also acknowledge the context of repression of cultural and linguistic rights. Materials on Syria and Iran usually fail to mention the Kurds at all.
Perhaps that helps explain U.S. government policy these days. We have raised whole generations of students with little understanding of, much less empathy for, Kurdish views of history and politics.
David Romano has been a Rudaw columnist since August 2010. He is the Thomas G. Strong Professor of Middle East Politics at Missouri State University and author of The Kurdish Nationalist Movement (2006, Cambridge University Press).
[millionday] i am bringing info about some questions and then we will look at the great news -- this first report i want you all to read for a catch up and for new people to understand
[millionday] so here we go and please read this seriously >>> A new chapter has begun for the once again completely sovereign nation of Iraq, as it was reclassified from Chapter 7 to Chapter 6 of the United Nation’s charter.
In effect, it is like someone being released from prison. All of his confiscated possessions will be returned to him, and he will once again have full control of his finances. july 2011 new iraqi dinarThis could deliver a huge boost to the value of Iraq’s currency, the dinar, with the return of billions of dollars worth of assets frozen shortly after its 1990 invasion of neighbour Kuwait.
But Iraq’s release from political prison also opens it up to suits and claims of reparation against it. Out from under Chapter 7 restrictions, how will Iraq manage its affairs now? And what will this mean for its dinar?
[millionday] While Chapter 7 authorizes the UN to impose sanctions or use military force against a country that steps out of line, Chapter 6 allows a nation to handle disputes with other countries on its own through peaceful negotiation.
“Iraq can now have normal relations and sign all sorts of treaties with other countries of the world,” Labeed Abbawy, Iraq’s former deputy foreign minister, expressed his relief to the Kurdistan paper Rudaw.
“We were not getting invitations from the international conferences and some countries would even deny visas to our Iraqi diplomats.”
Only two issues still remain under Chapter 7: a ban on certain arms and the completion of reparation payments to Kuwait, with $11 billion outstanding of the original $52 billion owed.
[millionday] note -- this has been handled with kuwait
[millionday] All other sanctions and restrictions have been lifted. Iraq can rebuild its military. It can be party to political and trade treaties. It will control its oil revenues as its own government determines.
It will even see the return of some $82 billion worth of frozen assets held in foreign banks since its invasion of Kuwait in 1990. “The lifting of Chapter 7 against Iraq will enable it to regain independence in its oil policy, and Iraq again can become an important regional and international energy player,” Dr. Rebawar Khinsi boasted his optimism to Rudaw.
Good times are indeed in Iraq’s future, which should bode well for the dinar. But there are still a number of obstacles to clear out of the way.
[millionday] note -- this is some stability issues that we have watched the resolve of
[millionday] For the time being, the country is still being closely watched, like a released ex-convict under probation. “Iraq will remain under observation and it has to respect the role of the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI),” Dindar Zebari, special representative of the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in the UN clarified to Rudaw.
“Iraq is still not a stable country so the UN delegation will keep its presence there.” Threatening Iraq’s stability are a number of unresolved issues from its past.
Rudaw reports that “minorities have been especially concerned, apprehensive that the Iraqi government - without a leash - could turn into yet another threat.” Haydar Mulla, an al-Iraqiya MP, although supportive of the chapter change, acknowledges “there are fears that lifting the restrictions will free the hands of the Iraqi government against the minorities.”
[millionday] Besides continued tensions among Iraq’s disunited population, there are also a number of reparation claims to be settled after Saddam Hussein’s dictatorial rampage.
As Amir Hassan Fayaz, head of the political science department at Nahrein College, expressed to Rudaw, “Iraq will become a normal country again and will be dealt with as a sovereign state.
Now all the countries that Iraq is indebted to can ask for payment.” The ex-convict is now going to be confronted by all the people he robbed and cheated, and there is no longer any Chapter 7 to protect him. The dinar can’t pull its flying carpet trick just yet.
[millionday] note -- this is when they were changed to chapter 6 -- the next part will tell us what will happen with the dinar
[millionday] What the changing of the chapters does for Iraq is lift a multitude of restrictions. But the nation still needs to grow into those expanded boundaries. Just because you move a plant from a small pot to a large pot does not mean it will grow instantly.
There are three main economic benefits delivered by Chapter 6: a) the return of frozen assets; b) debt forgiveness; and c) full control of revenues. While the first two will have an immediate affect on the nation’s financial circumstances, the third will take years to bear results.
[millionday] note -- information and please think of what we have witnessed after this
[millionday] First, there is the return of $82 billion in frozen assets. Indeed, this will have an immediate effect on Iraq’s balance sheet as soon as the funds are returned. Unfortunately, it will have a very small impact on the nation’s financial position or its currency’s value.
$82 billion is barely six months’ worth of Iraq’s annual GDP of $155 billion (CIA World Factbook). This is a “one-shot-deal”, not a recurring revenue. It should boost the value of the dinar to a certain extent. But once it is factored in, it will have no further boosting effect.
[millionday] Next is the forgiveness of Iraq’s debt by as much as 80%. With most of that forgiveness already applied between 2004 and 2010, the current remaining debt, as reported by the CIA World Factbook, is $50 billion.
Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari expects this to be completely paid off by 2015, making the nation debt free. Though this is quite the achievement, it is another “one-shot-deal”, not a recurring revenue.
Its value is only 4 months’ worth of GDP, spread out over the next 2 years, the effect of which should strengthen the IQD a little over time until 2015 and then stop.
[millionday] Finally, as the greatest benefit of the UN’s decision, Iraq will be in full control of its oil revenues to spend as its elected governing bodies determine. Yet this does not result in an immediate increase in the nation’s wealth. Rather, the immediate effect of taking control of its finances will likely result in a worse balance sheet over the shorter term.
While under Chapter 7, Iraq could do just two things with its oil revenues: pay reparations to Kuwait and invest in its reconstruction fund, which included upgrading infrastructure and expanding its oil production. Under Chapter 6, however, Iraq will have to manage additional expenses.
It must rebuild its military, not an inexpensive task in these modern times. It also needs to start dealing with the multitude of claims against it by nations and groups not yet compensated for Saddam’s abuses against them.
[millionday] so as we see -- the release of chapter 7 and the move to chapter 6 was like the release of a convict which is funny to compare in itself
[millionday] however -- obviously this was printed when the release happened and to tell you the truth -- the plain speaking is what i was looking for so all can understand
[nona] millionday thanks MD for the informative, easy to comprehend report helping to put everything into context
[millionday] now of course by what we have been reading -- shows us how far they have come - as i will also show you in a few -- a lot has happened -- yw all the time hun
[DBJJ] MD - Do you know who authored this article?
[millionday] now that was the UN confirmation that i wanted to show you - i will brb with more info as we were looking for last night
[millionday] here is a conference that will be happening very soon after the first of the year -- read what will be happening and also think about where we are now
[millionday] Iraqi Central Bank announced on Tuesday, for the organization (the Second Annual Conference of the financial sector in Iraq), the end of January 2014 the next in the Emirate of Dubai, in line with the growing strength of the growth of economic development in the country,
noting that the conference aims to display his strategy for financial and economic development, and attracting investments and foreign banks for the country, while a bank official confirmed the British,
on the importance of the creation of “comprehensive development” of infrastructure finance and banking to prop up the Iraqi economy, “a large and ambitious development process.”
The governor of the Central Bank and the Agency, Abdul-Basit Turki, according to the Web site reported medal East Bzenz News ME Business News for economic news, and I have read it (the long-Presse),
“The Bank will organize the second annual conference of the financial sector in Iraq, in the Emirate of Dubai for a period of from 27 to January 28, 2014 the next, “noting that” the conference will be held with the participation of Iraqi officials and personalities from leading international experts in the field of banking, and financial executives to discuss financial investment opportunities available in Iraq. “
[millionday] note -- the move for expansion to bring iraq to the position they should be at after such a huge change we will look at as well
[millionday] Turki has addressed this and here is his words >>>>>>>>>>>>>>> He said Turki, “The conference will serve as a commercial site for the reception of foreign delegations and a rallying point for international investors seeking to implement commercial projects in Iraq,”
noting that it “will provide a springboard to discuss the four-pronged task derived from the fact that rising energy to power the growth of economic development in Iraq, which includes resources and infrastructure Finance for major local projects, and the current status of the Iraqi banking sector, as well as the participation of foreign lenders and their role in supplying the projects. “
The Governor of the Central Bank and the Agency, that “the central bank began its activity to launch a massive program to attract foreign investments to Iraq with paving the way for the entry of banks and foreign financial institutions,”
pointing out that “the Central Bank will present at the conference strategy for the development of the financial and economic situation in Iraq, to highlight the importance of the role foreign companies in the domestic banking sector growth and development. “
[millionday] note -- as we see the entry and the expansion
[millionday] According to the site, that in “Iraq is now more than 16 international banks and seven state banks and 23 civil lending, with nine Islamic banks”, stressing that “the year 2012 the past, saw the rising number of banks, foreign investment in Iraq dramatically, as will Standard Chartered Bank British , distinguished presence at the conference after the opening of its first location in the capital, Baghdad. “
The transfer site medal East Bzenz News, the Executive Director of Standard Chartered Bank in Iraq, Geffen and chart, saying that “the pace of growth of the Iraqi economy going around fast, and that the increasing oil revenues,
which will be realized in the coming years will bring huge benefits to the country,” returned to “important sector which must evolve in the country is the overall development of the infrastructure of financial and banking that can assign a large economy and ambitious development process. “
[millionday] smile >>>>>>>>>>>>>large economy and ambitious development process. “
[LBnFL] millionday So does it seem to you that this conference is geared to a situation AFTER the revaluation, or JUST BEFORE?
[millionday] It is noteworthy that Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, opened in (the 27 of November 2013), the first section of the Standard Chartered Bank Standard Chartered British, in the capital Baghdad, emphasizing that it represents a “turning point” in the economic sphere, calling for banking institutions National to take advantage From cutting-edge expertise that can be provided by the bank.
The Standard Chartered Bank announced in (the fifth of September 2013), for approval of the Central Bank of Iraq on his opening of three branches in the country, noting that it would be in both Baghdad and Erbil in the last quarter of 2013, the current, and then in Basra during the 2014 next .
The bank Citigroup Citigroup U.S. banking services, announced in (the 24 of June 2013), the opening of an office in Baghdad to become the first U.S. bank expands its services to include Iraq, betting in his step these economic opportunities, “long-term” in the oil-rich country, according to quoted by the Financial Times newspaper.
[millionday] note after
[lorijeanmarshall] LBnFL That's what I was just thinking too
[millionday] so as we see in this very important newstime -- they are planning on expansion and CBI is hosting the banking revolution of Iraq and of course the globe is in great hopes of changing the economic condition -- brb with more reports --
[millionday] this is extremely important and huge for their regain to trade here we go >> MP on the mass of the citizen Aziz Ugaili, that Iraq's borders with neighboring countries is fully insured what lead to the infiltration of terrorists into the country.
said Ugaili (of the Agency news): The border with Syria, Turkey and Jordan open to hackers and terrorists and killers, which led to a rise in business criminal in Iraq in recent weeks.
explained: that points border guards spaced together and ineffective or unable to control the border security, pointing out that some of the terrorists became their kegs in areas near the Syrian border, particularly in the areas of Anbar.
added: that the terrorists who carrying out security operations, they are of different nationalities, some of whom were fighting in Syria.
[millionday] noteworthy that Iraq has 14 centers customs distributed between border crossing points, there are several outlets ground for a single country on the border with Jordan is Trebil and three ports on the Syrian border is the newborn and the existing and Rabia,
along with port Abraham on the Turkish border, and Mundhiriyah on the Iranian border, and Arar on the Saudi border, and Safwan on the Kuwaiti border, and Aglba What are you talking news for breaches of the border because of the weakness of the processing of the army and the corruption that is spreading in the ranks of some Alillak.
MP calls Baghdad and Erbil to end the file of oil, according to the Constitution
BAGHDAD / NINA / Head of the Ahrar parliamentary bloc, Bahaa al-Araji called the federal government and the government of Kurdistan to end the file of oil, according to the constitution.
A statement by the Information Office of the Parliamentary Ahrar bloc quoted Araji as saying: We do not want this problem to be a reason to delay the adoption of the general budget for 2014, which is the source of livelihood of Iraqis and their services and security.
He added that the constitution was clear about the joint powers, but unfortunately each party is committed to the materials that meet their interests and do not abide by reversing and we should not deal with the constitution selectively.
He asked, "Why before every election there is a crisis between the two governments? " adding "the reason is political."
He explained, "The Constitution stipulates that oil for all Iraqis, which means that the oil in all the provinces of Iraq belongs to all Iraqis in all provinces."
It is mentioned that the rapporteur of the House of Representatives, of the Iraqiya coalition, Muhammad Al-Khalidi predicted postpone the parliamentary elections scheduled to be held on the thirtieth of next April because of the budget has not come from the government to parliament.
Khalidi, at a press conference on last Monday said that "the Council of Ministers has not discussed the budget yet, because of the big differences between the Kurdistan region and central government on some points, as well as requests for the provinces and ministries," stressing that" the approval of the budget will be delayed and will not be passed easily ." " adding that "the House of Representatives will not end its current term unless approving the budget, therefore it is possible to postpone the upcoming elections and this is very dangerous .
Citizen bloc criticizes delay of parliament in endorsing laws
Wednesday, 18 December 2013 11:21
Baghdad (AIN) –MP, Abdul Hussein Abtan, of the Citizen bloc criticized the delay in endorsing the law drafts that serve the citizens.
Abtan stated to All Iraq News Agency (AIN) "There are some delayed law drafts that are being scheduled for the voting process such as the Retirement law," noting that "The MPs had to seriously deal with these laws during the current term of the parliament."
He assured "the delay in submitting the Budget law draft to the parliament to result in a critical situation in the next days because the MPs will be busy with the elections."
"The Citizen bloc will continue attending the parliament sessions to endorse the important laws especially the Retirement law," he concluded.
Shalah accuses some political sides of targeting Iraq-US friendship
Wednesday, 18 December 2013 15:51
Baghdad (AIN) –MP, Ali al-Shalah, of the State of Law Coalition accused some political sides of targeting the friendship between Iraq and the United States.
Speaking to All Iraq News Agency (AIN), he said "There is a coordination with the US because it had a role in toppling the former regime that makes it a friend of Iraq."
"There are some political sides that attempt to weaken the friendship between the two countries especially after conducting the armament deal with Russia where they assume that there is a problem between the two countries, but the visit of the Premier, Nouri al-Maliki, to Washington proved that they have good relations and can settle all the disputes," he concluded.
Shahristani: possess 10% of the world reserves, and our plan to reach nine million barrels per day
18-12-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Alsumaria News / Baghdad
Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Hussain al-Shahristani, Wednesday, that the oil reserves in Iraq, accounting for 10% of the total world reserves, as has gas reserves of 120 trillion cubic feet, pointing out that Iraq plan production aims to reach 9 million barrels per day by 2020, The most likely get a surplus for export by 2018, with the needs of demand for gas to some neighboring countries, and export part of the liquid natural gas to the world market.
Shahristani said in a statement issued after his participation in the activities of the Arab Economic Forum Japanese third, which was held in the Japanese capital of Tokyo (16 to 17 December 2013), accompanied by the Minister of Commerce and a number of heads and representatives of Iraqi companies, and received "Alsumaria News," a copy of it, that "the Iraq's future plans, priorities to be achieved in the short term by the year 2015 is to increase the production and export of oil and meet the needs of the demand for electric power and the elimination of gas burning, support and encourage some important industries, including petrochemicals. "
Shahristani said that "oil and gas production is the main engine for Iraq's economic strategy and will remain in control of all sectors of the economy."
He continued that "the proven oil reserves in Iraq has 143 billion barrels, which represents about 10% of the total world reserves, as has gas reserves of 120 trillion cubic feet, is expected to be much higher than the amount of the reserve ratio."
He pointed out that "many of the areas that have not been discovered so far, including the geology of the 400 sites are expected to add 250 billion barrels of oil and 200 trillion cubic feet of natural gas."
He pointed out that "our plan aims to reach production capacity to 9 million barrels a day by 2020, and that includes half of the discovered oil fields only," stressing that "the rest of the fields will be developed as needed for the global market."
He guessed Shahristani "get a surplus for export by 2018, and will cater to the needs of Iraq's demand for gas to some neighboring countries, will also be part of the export of liquefied natural gas to the world market."
And on the future plans of the industries Albrookemiaoah and fertilizer, Shahristani said, "It is planned to increase the production of urea in Iraq from 1.4 million tonnes per year at present to reach 6.3 million tons per year by 2030 to keep pace with local needs in the short and medium term, and to meet the needs of the global market in the long term, "noting that" plans are designed to increase the petrochemical industry to reach 15.6 million tonnes per year by 2030 for export purposes, in particular, and all of these areas will be available for foreign investment. "
He stressed that "Iraq is working on the construction of power stations new card 20 000 MW, and plans to increase production capacity for up to 60 000 MW by 2030, as Iraq intends to build a cargo capacity of steel production up to 10 million tons per year and the production of aluminum by up to one million tonnes per annum by 2030. "
He explained that "the development program in Iraq needs to train employees 500 000 trainees to cover the needs in the major oil and gas sector and related industries because of human resources represent a real challenge."
Shahristani called "Arab countries to take advantage of this gathering to activate its relations with Japanese companies because of their experience of these companies and granted soft loans from Japan."
Forum meetings and lasted three days in the presence of more than 1,500 people representatives of more than 20 Arab countries, and is a Japanese effort to balance China's influence in the region and in other parts of the world.
Referred to Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki called, (November 17, 2011), the Japanese companies to intensify its presence in Iraq, stressing the need to raise the level of political and diplomatic cooperation between the municipality, while paid an official visit to Tokyo on 20 November 2011, lasted for two days At the invitation of Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda.
The Iraqi government announced, in (February 7, 2011), that Japanese companies have expressed their willingness to open offices in Iraq in preparation for the implementation of investment projects, noting that it will form a joint committee to expand mutual cooperation in the fields of oil and gas, construction, while stressing the Assistant Minister of Foreign Affairs of Japan the importance of supporting trade and investment relations with Iraq.