Talk | Mustafa Habib | Baghdad |
Abandoned Sunni parties in Iraq leader, Iyad Allawi, and left him alone after running decided to participate in the elections Pthalvin Sunni, one led by Osama Najafi and the other led by Saleh al-Mutlaq.
And Sunni blocs split into three major blocks after the alliance fought the 2010 elections and enabled it to one to win the elections with 91 seats.
Sunni blocs, which will run three are all from the "united" headed by Osama Najafi, who is the new leader of the year, and "national" led by former Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, and the "National Dialogue Front" led by Deputy Prime Minister Saleh al-Mutlaq.
During the past two weeks, the three leaders held talks for the lists through their representatives to discuss the nature of the participation components of the "Iraqi List" earlier, in the upcoming elections, and these dialogues have failed to revitalize the Monobloc, so they decided to contest the elections alone.
And learned "discussion" of the sources of Sunni political that the dispute over the leadership is dispersed components of the "Iraqi List", as the Allawi insisted that heads the coalition, but Osama Najafi, who brighten his star two years ago as leader of the Year insisted is also the president of the bloc, while rejected both Allawi and Najafi alliance with Saleh al-Mutlaq to the closeness of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
According to MP for the coalition "united" Muhammad Iqbal's "Talk," "The alliance will be headed by Najafi and includes a list of 14 most notably the mass of the solution, headed by Mohammed al-Karbouli and collect the future of Iraq, headed by Dhafer al-Ani, and assembly of civil reform."
"We are united also includes the Turkmen Front, headed by Arshad Salhi gathered Hama Iraq, headed by Ahmed electrodes and organize clans independent, headed by Omar Hegel gathered work, Salim al Salahuddin Development, headed by Ammar Yousef gathered clans Sharqat and the awakening of Iraq, led by Abu Risha."
As for the alliance "national" led by Allawi, fitted with 22 entities and political parties, which are mostly immersed parties and small Sunni and Shiite tribal and does not have great popularity, but Allawi's alliance with the desire to overcome the sectarian alliances.
MP says coalition "National" Salem Daly's "Talk" we "will enter the elections with a list of personalities Sunni and Shiite sects and all in all the provinces."
The Sunni leader Saleh al-Mutlaq, the third seems to be close to the positions of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki in the past few months kept him out of the Sunni community, so that the demonstrators in the desert of Anbar beat him during a visit a few months before the sit-in squares.
Mutlaq decided to enter electoral alliance solo as "Arab", which included the controversial politician Mishaan al-Jubouri, and failed intensive dialogues between him and the block "united" to the coalition together, prompting a number of members of parliament from al-Mutlaq to split with him and join al.
It is not surprising that divided the leaders who gathered together one block as the "Iraqi List", this block was one of the first blocks that have been splits a few months after forming a government in 2010.
"Iraqi List" entered the previous election four essential components of a movement "reconciliation" led by Allawi, and the movement of "renewal", led by the Vice President of the Republic required to eliminate Tariq al-Hashemi, and a list of "Iraqi" led by Najafi and the list of "solution", led by Mohammad Karbouli.
In spite of the victory in the election, but lost the post of prime minister after the block form the "National Alliance", which includes the Shiite (159 deputies), which combines the "coalition of the rule of law" and the "National Coalition" Thus began the defections.
The first of these defections represent eight deputies, including the announcement in March 2011 split and the formation of a new block in the name of "Iraqi bloc white" led by MP Hassan Alawi, and what they'll do those dissidents justified in refusing to how to manage the "Iraqi" by leaders without a specific name.
On the ninth of April, announced last five deputies from other Iraqi "white" by the dissidents and the formation of a new block in the name of "free Iraq."
Says a member of the "Iraqi List" former Rep. high Nassif's "Talk" is not surprising that the components of the Iraqi divided since it was formed because it is homogeneous and managed by leaders nor the role of MPs in it. "
Defections suffered by the components of the "Iraqi" were not in favor of its leader, Ayad Allawi, because these defections so long, "PCN", which is headed by the latter.
A series of defections continued to declare members of the movement in the provinces of Najaf and Dhi Qar, Wasit and Diyala dissidents movement and joining the Iraqi "white" and ended with the announcement of ten members in the office of the movement of "national accord" in the province of Diwaniyah to take the same step.
These divisions have weakened the leadership role played by Allawi in the "Iraqi List" in favor of Speaker Osama Najafi, after it became sectarian polarization basis for political action in government and parliament.
The problem is that Allawi, a secular Shiite leading Sunni bloc, with the escalation of differences between Shiites and Sunnis on the sharing of positions and ministries, the need has emerged to take their Sunni leader was chosen Najafi, a Sunni from the people of the province of Mosul, unknown package.
Add to Najafi, who became a representative of the Parliament in the year-Mutlaq has become a year in government, but Allawi, who did not get any position has gradually declined in popularity.
Did not announce Najafi or Mutlaq defected from the "Iraqi" despite knowing that its leader, Ayad Allawi upset of their positions, but they remained waiting for the right opportunity for it and already announced officially defected during provincial elections that took place in April last year, and this split is dedicated for the upcoming elections.
Some observers say that the multiplicity of leadership within the "Iraqi List" behind the collapse, as well as the growing sectarian polarization in the political action that made it not possible that someone is headed by a Shiite is (Ayad Allawi's), large Sunni political bloc comprises 91 deputies.
Kurdistan: soon we will produce oil to Turkey
14-12-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Kurdistan Regional Government said on Friday that export oil to Turkey, the region will be soon.
The spokesman for the Kurdistan Regional Government Sven Dzi in a press statement the signing of contracts for oil exports to Turkey, and the commitment of the parties to those contracts », adding that the issue is not a matter of agreement or disagreement, but the completion of export formalities through the oil pipeline, and a matter of time only, and are related to some technical matters.
He Dzi that «the Kurdistan Regional Government has been working for more than a year and a half for the export of oil, and that the final phase of the contract with Turkey was completed in 20 days», while denying reports that suspended oil exports to Turkey due to visit the spokesman President of the Kurdistan Regional Government to Baghdad and meeting with officials, stressing that «the oil will be exported to Turkey soon».
PKK Supports Initiative to Reconcile Syrian Kurds Ahead of Geneva Conference
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – The Kurdistan Communities’ Union (KCK), an umbrella group for all wings of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), has thrown its weight behind an Erbil-backed final effort to reconcile the two rival Kurdish councils in Syria. “We give full support to the meeting expected to be held In Erbil,” the KCK said in a statement seen by Rudaw. The mediation, between the Kurdish National Council (KNC) and Democratic Union Party (PYD) – widely regarded as the PKK’s Syrian wing -- is being brokered by two senior Kurdish officials from Turkey, MP Leyla Zana from Diyarbakir and the city’s mayor Osman Baydemir. Both are in currently in Erbil for further discussions about an upcoming meeting between PYD leader Salih Muslim and Kurdistan Region President Massoud Barzani, who has warned that this will be his final effort at reconciling the two councils. The KNC, which is backed by Barzani’s Kurdistan Democratic Party, has opposed a unilateral interim government declared by the PYD last month in Syria’s Kurdish regions, known to Kurds as Rojava. “The meeting hosted by Mr Massoud Barzani will create very important results for the Rojava revolution. The revolution will gain more strength,” the KCK statement said. According to Rudaw sources, Barzani has declared that this is his last effort to bring the KCK and PYD together, warning that the KCK should cut ties with the PYD should the reconciliation fail. The KCK and KNC signed a cooperation agreement in Erbil in July 2012 under Barzani’s mediation. They agreed to cooperate under a new Kurdish Supreme Committee, but have bickered ever since. The PYD's relations with Erbil soured in late October, when the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) refused entry to the PYD leader, after he was in Rojava to attend the funeral of a son killed in fighting with al-Qaeda-backed jihadist forces. The KCK statement stressed the importance of a unified Kurdish voice at the upcoming Geneva II meeting, expected to be attended by 30 countries and the main Syrian opposition on January 22. “The Kurdish Supreme Committee’s common approach to the regime and the opposition forces, its common attitude towards Geneva II, and its support for the interim rule would play an important role in the settlement of the Kurdish question and the democratization of Syria,” said the KCK statement. “We call on all Kurdish political forces, particularly on the political forces in Rojava, to act responsibly in this historical period and live up to the expectations of the Kurdish people,” it added. According to the statement, the PKK and KDP have been in touch to coordinate efforts. “As a result of the contacts and meetings between PKK and KDP, a meeting between both of the Rojava assemblies and the revival of the Kurdish Supreme Committee was ensured,” the statement noted. A high level meeting is expected in Erbil in the coming days, attended by Barzani, Muslim and leaders of the other Syrian Kurdish parties.
Iraqi politicians focus on buying, not convincing voters
Our definition of the Iraqi state is vague. Is it based on a ruling sect or a ruling party? Is it a national or religious institution, or is it a state for all its citizens, as it is supposed to be? It's not as easy to answer this as one may expect. Iraq has never known the concept of citizenship for it to use it as a cognitive framework to define the state in the first place.
Summary⎙ Print Since the toppling of Saddam Hussein's regime, Iraq's political scene has been more about infighting and vote-buying than the state's welfare.
Author Mustafa al-Kadhimi
Posted December 13, 2013
Iraqi citizens are seen by many political and partisan entities as “merchandise.” They are mere votes, ready to be sold in exchange for electoral money and cheap mattresses and heaters distributed prior to the elections. The price can even be a sectarian slogan, or it can involve a barter over the margin of security and freedom. It can be a photo of a candidate trying to open sewers in the streets by himself or offering food to participants in a religious event.
Iraqi parties come up with any number of offerings in their attempts to find themselves a place in an electoral market that undermines the prestige of the state and the dignity of the citizen.
When elections are perceived as a project to take over the state, rifts emerge within the government. The latter then becomes a party struggling not to take over the state but rather to seize the wealth of the people. It becomes a group of people that perceives the seat of power as a golden chance to plunder.
Ten years after the regime change, Iraqi political parties will spend the elections at the end of April 2014 refusing to pass a law regulating their work, exposing the sources of their funding and governing their slogans and behaviors. They consider such legislation an obstacle in their efforts to take over the state and a secondary issue to their exertions to affirm their legitimacy.
Without a law regulating political parties, the door will be opened for external funding, internal sectarianism and dangerous security challenges, which will be used to win the elections.
Iraq, which lacks any useful regulatory laws on political activity, is paying the price. Those in power do not use the lack of such laws to take over the state, but rather try to manage things in a way that allows them to remain on the political scene as long as possible and to prohibit the forming of new competing currents.
When the problems of the state have been discussed in Iraq, the Iraqi parliament did not put forth legal frameworks, nor did it solidify the concept of citizenship. Instead, it was preoccupied with its attempts to topple the administration, while the administration was itself busy trying to marginalize the parliament. Both sides, however, let the Iraqi state be sucked into a perilous legal vacuum in of chaotic relations between powers, uneven wealth distribution, unclear divisions of power, ill-defined citizenship and rampant discrimination, abuse and monopolization.
Other political forces have also been preoccupied with their continuous jockeying for position and fighting to topple each other.
As elections approach, powers are competing to showcase their abilities to better the lives of citizens instead of presenting electoral platforms that increase national productivity and provide services. They are also failing to put forth ideas and draft laws that foster social justice and eliminate corruption. They do not even clarify their plans to stop terrorism and achieve security.
All their tactics are meant to accuse and diminish the other, not to find solutions. Instead, these powers compete to instill fear of the future, accusing their rivals of driving the state toward chaos and civil war and of smashing and weakening the sects. They accuse their rivals of being subordinated to and funded by other countries.
Attempts to undermine the state continue. Ten years of suffering and a lack of security and services have not put an end to them. Even the reluctance of voters to encourage such practices has not helped.
The only message to be conveyed is: Iraq needs true founders who are at peace with themselves and their environment. It needs statesmen in the professional sense of the word. Coming up with these men and women will not be an easy mission during the next elections, which burden voters with a responsibility not everyone can bear.
Columnist, Iraq Pulse
Mustafa al-Kadhimi is an Iraqi writer specializing in defense of democracy. He has extensive experience in documenting testimony and archiving documentaries associated with repressive practices.
Basra officials hope new contracts will spur reconstruction
Officials in Basra province in southern Iraq believe that the contracts concluded with Hill International, an American company that manages construction projects, will put their city — which suffers from corruption, a decline in services and worn out infrastructure — on the list of promising cities in the field of reconstruction.
Summary⎙ Print Following years of rampant corruption in reconstruction projects, officials in the Iraqi city of Basra are optimistic that recent contracts concluded with Hill International will spark a construction boom in the city.
Author Mushreq Abbas
Posted December 13, 2013
Basra, which is Iraq's only port on the Persian Gulf, exports about 80% of Iraq's oil, and nearly 85% of the country's economy depends on the city's oil and port resources, according to Basra governor Majid al-Nasrawi.
Speaking to Al-Monitor, Nasrawi confirmed that "The contracts signed with Hill will mean that construction projects in Basra — which are valued at $10 billion and include infrastructure, housing, rehabilitation and large investments — will be completed according to international standards. [These contracts] will save the city from the 'assault' carried out by corrupt state employees, who have not allowed any vital project to succeed in recent years."
According to officials in Basra, Hill will open its offices in the city during the next few weeks. Meanwhile, employment websites have published job postings with Hill for engineers and specialists to work in Basra.
Nasrawi is reviewing a plan for projects to revive the city of Basra and build infrastructure for water, sewage and electricity, as well as residential and tourism projects and one to establish a trade center on the Shatt al-Arab river. According to the governor, "The entry of a US company into the field of overseeing construction projects will accelerate their advancement, especially since the projects will be held to international standards. This will spare Basra from the bureaucratic hurdles that have hindered the reconstruction process in recent years."
Nasrawi is not involved in the main oil projects in Basra, since, according to him, "The Iraqi Oil Ministry has a monopoly on contracts with these companies and neglects the role of the local government. The latter could help oil companies to facilitate their work and provide for their needs, as well as discussing joint charity and humanity projects with them."
Yet Nasrawi, who is awaiting the $5 billion that has been allocated to the city's 2014 budget, expressed his far-fetched dreams for a city that an engineer from the British oil company BP described as still "out of date."
The vice president of Basra's provincial council, Walid Gitan, attributes the decline in the city's services as compared with other Iraqi cities such as the nearby city of Maysan to the widespread corruption that affected previous reconstruction projects. Gitan notes that there are local companies linked to political parties that work as fronts for non-Iraqi companies established abroad by Iraqi citizens.
Gitan told Al-Monitor, "This reality will now change. No longer will any governmental party be able to choose the companies that implement construction projects. Moreover, the local government will no longer be involved in these decisions, aside from monitoring Hill's implementation of future projects. Hill's mission will include providing options, according to international standards, for future construction projects."
"Our contracts with Hill will not be carried out easily. We still face opposition from the powerful bureaucracy in state institutions, both in Baghdad and in Basra. However, we are determined to proceed in the matter and believe that it is the only means of saving Basra from the present situation," Gitan added.
Contributor, Iraq Pulse
Mushreq Abbas is a contributing writer for Al-Monitor’s Iraq Pulse. He has been managing editor of Al-Hayat’s Iraq bureau since 2005 and has written studies and articles on Iraqi crises for domestic and international publication.
Othman: Political blocs began their election campaign early
BAGHDAD / NINA / The independent MP, of the coalition of Kurdish blocs, Mahmoud Othman said, "The political blocs began their campaigns early by mutual recriminations and political targeting," describing the campaigns as" contaminated. "
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "problems might occur during the election campaigns between the political blocs , as previously occurred , but this campaign is exaggerated , where it began by attacking the political partners and mutual accusations" expecting that" these problems will be least before the elections , and will end after the announcement of the election results and at the beginning of forming political alliances to form a government . "
Othman called "the political blocs to have political awareness and avoid stirring problems as much as possible, because problems reflect negatively on the political and security situation of the country."
It is scheduled that the next parliamentary elections will be held on next April 2014.
Izzat Shabandar describes blocs' electoral programs as 'lie'
BAGHDAD / NINA / The independent MP, Izzat al-Shabandar said "the blocs' political programs are almost to be one that passed from the bloc to other , with a modification for certain words , but remain a dead letter , describing these programs as lies.
He added in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency/ NINA / the political blocs' programs are away from being implemented because the political blocs' effort is focused on bickering and tongue-lashing, expressing regret and sadness for the election's programs."
He pointed out that "each political group is trying to develop a program to falls the rival, by all means, pointing out that we have not seen a political program to a certain bloc beats the other to serve the people and to extend security and peace, love and tolerance and protect public money."
A leader of the coalition of Kurdish blocs, the independent MP, Mahmoud Othman said earlier that "the political blocs began their campaign early by mutual recriminations and political targeting, describing the campaign as" contaminated. "/
Hakeem calls for adopting acceptable means in election competition
Baghdad (NINA) – Leader of the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council (SIIC), Ammar al-Hakeem, called for adopting acceptable means in election competition.
A statement issued on Saturday, Dec. 14, by the SIIC, quoted Hakeem during his meeting with the Special Representative of the Secretary General of UN (SRSG), Nickolay Mladenov, saying that the people choice in the upcoming election represent mean toward change for serving the homeland and citizens, stressing the importance of clean competition in the coming election.
For his part, Mladenov stressed the International Organization's readiness to provide help to all political sides toward consolidate democratic system; pointing out that the UN seeks to help the Iraqi people overcome challenges facing its new political and democratic project.
Former minister calls citizens to active participation in the elections to change the political arena
BAGHDAD / NINA / Former minister of Displacement and Migration, Pascal Warda called on citizens to change the political map of Iraq through active participation in the upcoming parliamentary elections.
She said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "Although there is lack of citizen's confidences in politicians, who are currently, exist, but there is a real will to change the political reality of the country."
She added: "The reluctance of citizens will lead to the survival of politicians who have not achieved anything for the citizen, and the active participation in the election is the only weapon to choose noble and national figures."
It is due to hold parliamentary elections in 30 April of next year.
Abu Risha supports Maliki's call to make electronic ballot
BAGHDAD / NINA / The head of the Iraqi Awakening Conference, Ahmed Abu Risha declared his support to the Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki's call to conduct an electronic ballot in the upcoming parliamentary elections, stressing that he will join Motahedoon coalition, headed by Osama al-Nujaifi in the elections.
Abu Risha said in a press release that "The Iraqi Awakening Conference affiliated to the coalition, led by Nujaifi, which includes nine other entities ".
He added, "the new coalition is the same that participated in the previous elections for the provincial councils, and will include new faces that includes economists, academics and liberal personalities."
It is scheduled to hold parliamentary elections in April 30. 2014