Baghdad rejects Turkey's proposal to form a tripartite committee to discuss the crisis of Kurdistan's oil exports
03-12-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Erbil: Muhammad Zangana - Baghdad: «Middle East»
Revealed Faisal Abdullah, director of the Office of Hussain al-Shahristani, Iraqi Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Affairs, that al-Shahristani told Turkish Energy Minister Taner Yildiz during their meeting in Baghdad yesterday «refusal to form a tripartite committee comprising representatives of the Iraqi government and the KRG and Turkey to discuss the oil agreement between the Turks and the Kurdistan region ».
Abdullah said in a statement to «Middle East» that «al-Shahristani said Iraq's acceptance of the formation of a bilateral committee of Iraqi - Turkish that includes representatives of the Kurdistan Regional Government», returned «the red line because Iraq is one country». Abdullah added that «the Turkish minister will be brothers in the Kurdistan region that», stressing at the same time that «Iraq emphasized that he does not mind the increase of oil exports from Kurdistan, provided that it is through the supervision of the Federal Ministry of Oil Actress company (SOMO), to be there Counters and know the amount of export and that the money goes to the Development Fund for Iraq and then the general budget of the state and distributed to all the sons of the Iraqi people ».
He Abdullah that «Shahristani stressed the commitment of the Iraqi government to the Iraqi constitution and the fact that the oil wealth of all Iraqis, but there must be standards and export controls overseen by the Company (SOMO) exclusively, including that being the sale of oil price that determines the same day in addition to the criteria that we referred ».
The al-Shahristani announced the deal with Turkey not to export Iraqi oil through its territory only after the approval of the Iraqi government, and pointed to the existence of a preliminary agreement between the parties to the pipeline network linking the southern Iraqi northern export pipelines passing through Turkish territory.
For his part, Barzani announced the Prime Minister of Iraq's Kurdistan region, outgoing, that the talks which brought together the Government of Turkey in the region with regard to the energy sector was «positive and constructive». Barzani described the agreement region with Turkey for cooperation in the energy sector as «a close working between Iraq and Turkey, and the great victory for Iraq and the Kurdistan region».
Barzani's remarks came in a speech during the opening of the third conference for oil and gas in Iraq's Kurdistan, which began its work in Erbil yesterday morning with the participation of more than 100 companies from various countries around the world, including Iran and Turkey. The conference was attended by Turkish Energy Minister, who arrived in Arbil in the late hours of Thursday evening from Baghdad.
Barzani revealed that the Government of the Territory «reached an agreement in the framework of cooperation in the energy field, the basis of which dates back to the month of May 2012 and March 2013», declaring «formal completion of the practical steps for its implementation». He announced that the Government of the Territory «will invite officials of the Iraqi government and an independent third party to monitor the process in general». Barzani expressed his happiness as «positive role in the region to help Iraq to reach its objectives in relation to the energy sector», pointing out that the region «for the first time became a source of national revenue partnership in Iraq». He called on Iraqi officials to «sit at the table of dialogue and find a solution on the distribution of the proceeds as provided for in Article 112 of the Constitution», returned implementation «the only way for the survival of a unified Iraq».
The President of the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq, expressed concern about the continuation of «central policy and central control of Baghdad on the management of the affairs of the country», stressing that the region «will not go back and that his policies have proven successful». He stressed that «this step is not a source of fear and threat against any one, but they emphasize the rights and duties of political, legal and nationalism that the Kurds would not abandon them because they are in the interest of Iraq and history will prove this fact».
On the other hand, said Turkish Energy Minister on «the necessity of resorting to the Constitution in oil transactions with the region». Yildiz explained that the tube that extends between the territory of the region and Turkey «work was completed in 400 km of it». He called on the Kurdistan Regional Government (which he called more than once, the government of northern Iraq) and the Iraqi government to «a trilateral meeting with Turkey in Erbil or Baghdad or Ankara to discuss oil cooperation between Iraq and Turkey and between Turkey and the region».
Yildiz did not hide that the meeting, which brought together Massoud Barzani, president of the Kurdistan region, and Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Diyarbakir, finally, had a «significant impact on the open pages of a new historic between the Turkish and Kurdish peoples and turn the page on the differences».
After the conclusion of the opening ceremony of a conference held Ashti Hawrami, Minister of Natural Resources in the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq, and Turkish Energy Minister, held a press conference powers the light on the cooperation of the Kurdish - Turkish in relation to the issues of oil and gas. Yildiz stressed that «the agreement signed between Turkey and the region does not threaten Iraq does not threaten its unity», pointing out that his government «has repeatedly stressed that it will not sign any agreements without reference to the Iraqi government, and this confirms it is also the region». Yildiz did not hide the existence of understandings between his government and the Kurdistan Regional Government, but stressed at the same time that his country «will not take any step without taking the opinion and advice of Baghdad in this regard and it will continue in this way».
Has been criticized by some journalists, the Kurds and the Turkish energy minister to use the phrase «northern Iraq» instead of (Kurdistan region) despite the fact that the Turkish prime minister called for the inclusion of this word in the political agenda of Turkey, but Yildiz explained that «is the Kurdistan region of Iraq is a constitutional and region recognized in the constitution voted by the Iraqi people which must be respected ». He added that «in all official correspondence and writings Salutation mention the words (Iraqi Kurdistan), but are free to use any phrase in modern».
The current Council: Maliki used state resources for campaigning in Basra
03-12-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad / Wael grace
MPs have accused the blocks citizen and united and free, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki of exploiting the state's resources and powers in the election campaign, registered reservations about his recent visit to Basra, and the distribution of land to the population "in the last years of his reign, while the left over the past years," and while they stressed the difficulty of controlling the use of resources the state in the election campaign, confirmed that the voter has become more conscious now, and will be voting in 2014 is different from the previous electoral processes, because the citizen is well aware of who called the election promises and without the application of the programs has seriousness in building the country.
And raised the visit of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to Basra a few days ago, and distributing 1500 piece of residential land in the province, a wave of discontent about the exploitation of Maliki, "the potential of the state" in favor of the election, in the province that have been a blow to the Dawa Party, after losing the position of the governor, after the success of the alliance citizen with Liberals in the province.
A member of the Liberal bloc parliamentary bright Naji in a statement to the "long" yesterday that "the new election law, said the non-use of the potential of the state and its institutions of electoral propaganda, but the top of the pyramid, the Executive Chairman of the Council of Ministers" breaking the law ", through the use of state resources and his government in favor of the promotion of his party. "
He Naji said that "three points of illegal carried out by al-Maliki during his recent visit to Basra, where" use tribal law "by meeting with his clan, which is contrary to the" state project ", as he went to Basra without the knowledge of the governor of the city council, and wandering in streets without the presence of local government officials and conservative. "
"The third offense was In doing distribution of plots of land for himself, and he could play this role of the provincial council or the county, but he was trying to use the distribution of land in favor of the promotion of the election, particularly as he ignored Basra during the past four years and decided on the distribution of land," referring to Maliki also violated legal procedures in the distribution of land, which is supposed to be a priority for the victims of terrorism. "
And confirms that the Liberal MP for the "Prime Minister exploit all resources of the state for him in the elections," he said, adding that the latter "is slowing to send the budget to the House of Representatives in 2014, his intention to exploit the issue of firing positions and appointments with the proximity of the election."
For his part, said a member bloc united Nabil Hrbo "long", "The ruling party did not stop the distribution of land, but was given during his stay at the helm in the past four years of appointments to the sons of areas of influence, even if Thsalém scientific testimony primary, while complaining about thousands of graduates university of the scarcity of opportunities for recruitment. "
Confirms Hrbo told the "long", "difficulty reducing the use of party power of public money and the country's prospects in the election campaign, because of the political blocs that worked during the coming period to promote the party, mass and personal interests through appointments, projects, and grants are concentrated in areas that resides where their popular bases, "adding that" the executive branch hinder the work of the parliament in the development of legislation to prevent the government from exploiting the resources of the state to promote the election. "
To bet that member bloc citizen Abdul-Hussein Abtan on "voter awareness" in discrimination launchers promises before the election and users of state resources for electoral purposes, referring to the difficulty of the political blocs to prevent the use of state resources in favor of the promotion of the masses in the elections.
He Abtan told the "term" that "the 2014 elections will differ in the data and results for the 2010 elections," he said, adding that the ruling parties is not necessarily to renew its confidence in the elections again, especially since the voter is seen success in file security policy and foreign affairs, industry and agriculture and services, not only in providing gifts and promises. "
He added Abtan "It is not possible to prevent political parties from using the potential of the state and its institutions in the promotion of the election," but he says "we are counting on the consciousness of voters in determining the personalities and political entities that possess a political program and, service eroded than the other, which used state resources for campaigning."
Vice demanding payment of dues to the Peshmerga retroactively
02-12-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Accused the MP for the Kurdistan Alliance, Khalil Mahma the federal government not to respect the will of the people, the constitution and the parliament and through non-compliance with laws and constitutional articles.
Khalil said in a statement to PUKmedia, on Monday 12/02/2013 that "the federal government did not respect the will of the Iraqi people as well as the Constitution and Parliament, through non-payment of dues elements of the Peshmerga," and urged them to pay all those dues from the salaries and equipment "
The MP for the Kurdistan Alliance also federal government to pay all the dues of the Kurdish people, through the payment of compensation allocated to Halabja and the Anfal operations and also those affected, as well as the application of Article 140 of the administrative demarcation of the border of the provinces and constitutionally enshrined.
Sadoun: what he had done in the province of Kurdistan oil constitutional file
02-12-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
MP Mohsen al-Sadoun said one of Iraq's oil to the Constitution and can not be related to the issuance of any permit or straining at the expense of the Constitution in an oil.
The MP added Muhsin al-Sadoun, deputy head of the Kurdistan Alliance bloc through a special permit for PUKmedia day Monday, 12/02/2013: Oil and gas is the property of the Iraqi people, but the administration of oil and gas as stipulated in the constitution is, however, the territorial Government and the provincial governments, and this constitutional provision to Aitistia any official that obscures the powers that the Constitution gave to the region or to the provinces, and what he has done to the Kurdistan Region Aakhalv Iraqi constitution and imports for each of the Iraqi people and to prevent this is to prevent imports of the Iraqi people.
He said MP Mohsen al-Sadoun said: this blessed step by the province of Kurdistan, and when the oil is exported from the province of Kurdistan and the intervention of imports this oil to open account in the state-owned bank in Turkey and imports up to the federal government in Baghdad this achievement should be welcomed by the federal government does not have to fight From strive to regions or provinces within the constitutional powers in oil production, pointing out that Iraq needs to college these imports.
Araji visits Kuwaiti Embassy in Baghdad
BAGHDAD / NINA / The head of the Ahrar parliamentary bloc, Bahaa al –Araji called to develop relations between Iraq and Kuwait and overcome all crises.
A statement by the bloc issued today said that “al-Araji visited the Kuwait Embassy in Baghdad yesterday and met with the charge d'affaires at the Embassy of Kuwait and the Deputy Ambassador for Economic Affairs, discussing with them in the development of bilateral relations."
The statement quoted al-Araji as saying: "There are usages and traditions and because of they are neighbors, it makes them as single country and Iraq has opened its doors to the Kuwaiti companies to invest , and Kuwait should exploit it and to participate in its construction ," and urged to go beyond all crises .
*** INTERESTING ! , IS THERE AN ARREST WARRANT OR NOT ? ***
MP accuses Dawa party of being behind arrest warrant against him
BAGHDAD / NINA / A member of the Parliamentary Committee on Integrity, MP for the Ahrar bloc Jawad al-Shayli accused the Dawa Party behind the arrest warrant issued against him.
He said, at a news conference in the House of Representatives today that the judiciary issued an arrest warrant against him and MP Jawad Hasnawi and a memorandum of bringing against the head’sbloc Bahaa al-Araji , accusing the Dawa Party of being behind it , with the aim of political targeting, comparing the work of the Dawa Party, now with Baath Party.
He added : "The warrant relating to charges in accordance with Article 316 of embezzlement of state funds , which means the money of the medical treatment, which he took from the House of Representatives ."
He said : "The MP, of the State of law, Khalid al-Attiyah took four times this expense ," wondering : "Why did not issue an arrest warrant against Al-Attiyah, and many MPs of state of law ," adding : "The aim of these warrants is political targeting ."
Demonstrators in Anbar withdraw authorization of Anbar governor to negotiate with CG
Monday, 02 December 2013 23:21
Anbar (AIN) –The Coordination Committees of the Sit –In yards in Ramadi city announced on Monday withdrawing their authorization for the Governor of Anbar to negotiate with the Central Government over the demands of the demonstrators.
The demonstrators and chieftains in Anbar announced on September 3rd authorizing the Governor of Anbar Ahmed Khalaf to negotiate with the CG to implement their demands.
The reporter of All Iraq News Agency mentioned “The coordination committees of the sit-in yards in Ramadi announced in a statement that the demonstrators withdraw their authorization for the governor of Anbar to negotiate with the Central Government over the demands of the demonstrators.”
The statement justified this decision by “Failure of the governor in negotiations or achieving the demands of the demonstrators.”
Pipeline is Ready and Kurdish Oil Will Flow
By Judit Neurink
Yes, we want to talk within the framework that has been agreed to with Baghdad, Kurdistan’s Oil Minister Ashti Hawrami said, “but at the same time business goes on.”
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - The oil pipeline from Iraqi Kurdistan to Turkey is ready to transport 300,000 barrels a day, and as much as a million barrels by 2015. Kurdistan will soon become a net contributor to the national income of Iraq. This was the happy message broadcasted by Kurdish officials at the Kurdistan-Iraq Oil & Gas Conference held in the Kurdistan capital of Erbil. Some eight hundred professionals involved in the oil and gas industry attended the third conference in its kind in Iraqi Kurdistan. Central in the speeches during the opening session were the fast growth of Kurdistan’s oil industry – from nothing in 2003 to 300.000 barrels a day - and the message this sends to the Iraqi government in Baghdad. The development has speeded up in the past two years. The 46 oil rigs that are active in Kurdistan are twice as many as last year, and still more are on the verge of production. Many fields have turned out bigger than expected. And while the Iraqi gross domestic product grew three percent this year, the Kurdish economy shows a growth of over 10 percent. The Turkish Energy Minister Taner Yildiz played the peace dove between Erbil and Baghdad, after a week of political mediation and high level visits. While he was begging for dialogue, the Kurdish side was making its case. Yes, we want to talk within the framework that has been agreed to with Baghdad, Kurdistan’s Oil Minister Ashti Hawrami said, “but at the same time business goes on.” Talks are focussing on Baghdad’s disagreement to the way Kurdistan conducts its oil business, as the Iraqi government demands all income from it to flow into the Iraqi coffers. The Kurds will not wait for an agreement for the pipeline to start transporting oil from Kurdish oil fields to the markets, Hawrami stressed. “The pipeline is ready, all preparations are finished and we will start.” He said this would happen even without Baghdad getting a penny in the beginning. While the production is still relatively small, Kurdistan has to use the income to cover its costs and pay the oil companies for part of their investments. The minister promised that “as soon as we are so lucky to have a surplus revenue, it will be the property of all Iraqis.” Hawrami showed a chart of the uneven development of the money allocated from the Iraqi budget to Kurdistan in relation to its contribution to the budget. The Kurds demand 17 percent of the Iraqi budget, but in reality get just over 10 percent. That gap will only grow in the next years as a result of the growing Kurdish oil revenue, he said. Next year, Kurdistan is contributing more than the amount it gets from the Iraqi budget, and by 2020 Kurdistan’s contribution will be 25 percent. “The conflict with Baghdad is all about revenues,” Hawrami said. “If we solve it, than all other issues become solvable too.” But the Kurdish Minister of Planning Ali Sindi added a complication to the bill Kurdistan sends to the Iraqi capital. He proclaimed that Baghdad should expect a demand for damages of a total $50 billion dollars, for the seven years that Kurdistan received less than the 17 percent it feels entitled to. Next to that, Erbil will be claiming damages for the over the thousands of villages that were destroyed from 1963 to 1991 by the past Iraqi regimes. During these operations, people were forced from villages to towns and the agriculture was destroyed. Sindi put that bill at $380 billion. Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani declared that the Kurds are committed to working with Baghdad, but not on Baghdad’s terms. With the growing Kurdish contribution to the Iraqi budget, the situation is changing, he stressed. “We have to sit down as equal partners.” The partnership with the Iraqis is hard for the Kurds because of the actions of past regimes, the bad memories and the suffering, he said. “It is difficult to trust anyone who wants to decide on our destiny.” Kurdistan is not a threat to anyone, Barzani stressed. At the same time he pointed to the Kurdish rights to be treated as an equal partner, as written in article 112 of the Iraqi Constitution. “That is our right and we cannot compromise. History will prove that it is also in the best interest of Iraq.”
From a Tale of Two Cities to a Soap Opera
By Hiwa Osman
The recent debacle over the Kurdish pipeline to Turkey and the argument over whether or not the Kurdistan Region’s move to begin direct oil exports was constitutional is set to intensify.
Soon, we will see strong statements from Baghdad. That will be reciprocated by Erbil, with either more contracts or stronger statements.
Then, the politicians will start making contacts that will lead to a summit either in Erbil or Baghdad. At the press conference that will follow, both sides will be full of nice words for each other and will decide on committees to either study the points of difference or start a round of negotiations that will fade within a week or two of the summit.
Does this sound familiar? Yes.
This is not analysis. It is becoming a recurring pattern in the relations between Erbil and Baghdad. So far, all major issues that evoke passions on both sides have gone through this cycle, and none was resolved in a fundamental way.
This is probably why the federal parliament can never make any real progress in legislating to settle these issues. The Hydrocarbon Law is a very good example. The absence of legislation that translates the constitutional principles into a legal, economic and technical reality is the main reason for this recurring cycle. And it is very clear that the differences between Baghdad and Erbil are not purely over the legal, technical or economic details of any step taken by the Kurdistan Regional Government.
The reason the two sides are not reaching a common understanding over these issues is because there are fundamental differences in vision, sense of purpose and direction. Neither side has made much effort to try and gap these differences and defuse the source of tensions between Erbil and Baghdad.
Many observers, including the writer of this article, have said in the past that this issue can only be solved if the relationship between Erbil and Baghdad is expanded to go beyond the handful of politicians from both cities, who normally kick up a crisis and then settle it after a while, without adding any clarity to the legal and constitutional status of either party.
Laws are normally passed to reduce gray areas and clarify things for the parties to any issue. But for laws to regulate hydrocarbons and other issues with Baghdad, one needs more than politicians engaging in debate and discussion. Right now, the circle of the federal and regional debate is very small. It includes politicians and a few others.
For this reason, the pipeline deal and many similar issues will not be the first -- and certainly not the last -- crisis between Erbil and Baghdad.
Hence, the outstanding issues will be deferred to the next parliament and they will be a very rich topic for the next election campaigns both in Baghdad and Erbil.
Othman: The Parliament has not any role in following security file
BAGHDAD / NINA / The independent MP, Mahmud Othman of the coalition of Kurdish blocs confirmed there is not any role for the House of Representatives in following-up the security file .
He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / that there is no cooperation between the executive and legislative branches over the security file , because it is limited to the executive branch only , explaining that " Parliament is marginalized on the subject of security 100% , with the approval of the Presidency of the Council of Representatives ."
He added, "The rate of discussion security in the parliament is zero % during the past period , and the Parliament is marginalized in this aspect 100 % , with the approval of the Presidency of the Council of Representatives , which stands idly toward the subject , noting that" security in Parliament , will not be discussed in this session , attributing the cause to the non-attendance of the Commander in Chief of the armed forces and security leaders to the House of Representatives to open a discussion on the topic of security breaches , and to make critical decisions as well as holding negligent, therefore, the parliament has become far away from security , and its responsibility of this file turned to the executive branch practically .
Othman described the " non-cooperation of the executive with the legislature, on the security file wrong thing , hoping that things are corrected in the next parliamentary session , pointing out that " it is not permissible for a supreme body such as parliament to be far from the security situation in the country . "
The security situation in Baghdad and other provinces recently saw marked deterioration represents in mass kidnappings , assassinations, and unidentified bodies , which triggered panic among the citizens and sparked fears of a return to the years of sectarian violence .
A number of MPs called to hold an emergency parliamentary session to discuss this matter in the presence of the Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces Nouri al-Maliki and senior security leaders .
Turkey's entry as mediator in exporting oil from Kurdistan is scratch to Iraqi sovereignty
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP from the Rafidain parliamentary bloc, Imad Youkhana considered Turkey’s enter as a mediator between the federal government and the Kurdistan region and visiting of the Turkish Energy Minister Yildiz Steiner to Baghdad to resolve the problem of the export of oil as a scratch to Iraqi sovereignty.
He said in a press statement : "Turkey wants to deepen the rift between the central government and the provincial government . It plays on the time to end the life of the current government, in the hope that a new government may come and ratifies these agreements."
Youkhana added : "The Iraqi government should wary of Turkey and its insistence to be a party to solve the problem of the export of oil between the province and the center, and money be in Turkish banks ."
It is mentioned that the Turkish Energy Minister Taner Yildiz arrived in Baghdad on Sunday and discussed with Deputy Prime Minister Hussein al-Shahristani, the subject of oil exports from the Kurdistan region to Turkey via Turkish territory. Yildiz also participated in the Third International Conference on Petroleum and Energy, which was held in Erbil./