The third mandate of the al-Maliki to dominate the shape of the political map of alliances in Iraq
16-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad: Hamza Mustafa
Except for the cleric Moqtada al-Sadr not a first line of political leaders in Iraq reiterates his desire not to give Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki for a third term. Three days ago was the last answer to a question by one of his followers, a question that so often Do you support a third term for the owners? The severe chest shortcut answer is «Who are they? But I will not. (No) chest did not lined to her loyalties other partners politicians who no one wants them give the man a third term despite the fact that the Federal Court has been in this. The leaders of the state law, they shall come with examples from other countries steeped in democracy took the leaders of the governments in those countries for several sessions Perhaps the most prominent example now Germany and accepted by Tony Blair in Britain. Command in Iraq is different and the concerns expressed by al-Sadr in the rejection of the third term and with former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, who repeats between UNH and the other the same opinion that the third term in a country still new to democracy devoted to the dictatorship.
If the question that now presents itself strongly after the adoption of the election law is .. Do you change the political map in Iraq after the elections, what makes the answer to this question remains pending is that no one yet able to resolve the answer perhaps the most pressing question is .. Did Maliki The third term? So the third mandate of the al-Maliki the political map is not that control the logic of events in Iraq. Maliki in more than a statement throwing the ball in the court of the Iraqi people while leading figures believe the rule of law that sought political blocs and with all our strength in order to prevent Maliki to assume a third term so as not to enactment of the infrastructure. A member of the Iraqi parliament for a coalition of state law and a member of the Commission services and reconstruction parliamentary Ihsan al-Awadi, says in an interview for the «Middle East» that «the law of infrastructure and for more than a year and a half, particularly since 4-5-2011 and even today is a subject of controversy and debate within the parliament, through the hosting of all officials about it starting from Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and the end of the ministers concerned and the rest of the officials also formed a committee headed by the Second Deputy Speaker Arif Tayfur was agreed on an agreed formula but always when it comes to a vote stands will counter without approval and the reason most prominent behind so that this law is calculated for the owners.
Awadi accuse what he called «the financial lobbies in the Iraqi parliament, which is the embodiment of political lobbies where corruption combine the will with the political will to stand against this law, which provides building schools, houses, roads, bridges and other».
This political will - the financial stand in the adoption of the law but is an expression of the rejection of pre-Maliki's third term even under the political map signs of change through what is excreted during provincial elections held in April last year. In light of these findings, the overall index is not to make drastic changes in the political map, but what will happen is a kind of redeployment. The major powers and actress dominant components, namely the National Alliance (Shiite component) and the Iraqi List (Sunni-component) and the Kurdistan Alliance (Kurdish component) will remain the number one arena with a significant change in their positions. Political data suggest to get some kind of partisan alliances No Almkoonatih this time. As the prime minister of the share component Shiite it will not come out this time of the (National Alliance) that if Iran does not impose its will once again it is awaiting forensic Qassam to distribute his estate to the rightful heirs. This happened before the Iraqi List, which announced more than a pole and her death certificate to the extent that it declared the National Iraqi Coalition led by Iyad Allawi announced the appointment of Maysoon al-speaking former spokeswoman for the Iraqi new entity. According to the forensic Qassam, the largest share of the Iraqi awarded to block 'united', led by Osama Najafi. With the rest of the shares divided between Saleh al-Mutlaq and Allawi himself with the legitimate father of the list, which let down his sons after that many of them preferred the seats in parliament and ministries at the national project.
While still the Kurdistan Alliance, holding the absence of President Jalal Talabani and continued his embarrassment until this moment represents an embarrassment to the Kurdistan Alliance will be reflected on its alliances future so as to hand the possibility losing the presidency in the event of continued understanding silent between Maliki and Najafi, which paves the necessity for a third term of the owners with Najafi access to the Presidency of the Republic, which means half of dissatisfaction with the National Alliance At least the Supreme Council and the Sadrists. If the Sadrist movement will remain «Agafla» on Maliki's refusal to access it in the event of a settlement with the Supreme Council of the shape of a map be explained what it is. And as usual remains Kurds touchstone again, but this depends on how the cohesion of their party and political alliance with the recognition that they have to face different political terrain map to a large extent.
Shiite hopes in the budget are not exploited for political bargaining and electoral propaganda
16-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
BAGHDAD - Hussein Ali Dawood
Saturday, November 16, 2013
Warned Shia authority in Najaf of subordination of the federal budget for political bargaining, while Al «life» that the Cabinet will not be sent to parliament before the start of the holiday of Representatives legislature.
The representative of the reference Sheikh Abdul Mahdi al-Karbalai, in his Friday sermon yesterday that «the budget next year will be the biggest in the history of Iraq must not be delayed too much as it will be subject to much debate in the House of Representatives and state institutions most in need. He added: «We hope not to undergo the budget for political bargaining between the blocs, but reflected the conflict and try some electoral blocs to achieve gains as we approach the date for parliamentary elections. He stressed the need «financial exchange focus on priorities to address some of the emergency crises and support poor social strata and important developmental programs. A preliminary draft of the budget set by the Federal Ministry of Finance it's $ 147 billion based on oil price of $ 90 a barrel, and is expected to be the size of next year's exports 3.4 million barrels per day.
Said a senior government source, who asked not to refer to his name in a statement to «life» that «the draft budget is still under discussion within a small committee of experts under the chairmanship of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki.
He added that this «Committee facing several difficulties, including a number of new parliamentary legislation to increase the salaries of retirees included, in addition to a reduction in public expenditure and the new provincial law that gives financial powers. He explained that «the draft budget for the year 2014 differs from its predecessors because of the financial changes that have occurred in addition to the traditional differences must be resolved and is still subject to negotiations, as well as differences with the Kurdistan region».
He pointed out that «the draft budget will be sent to parliament before the current 17 because it has not been submitted to the Cabinet for discussion and require time in order approved by the government. And expected to be sent to parliament early next month.
Moreover, said a member of the Finance Committee in the Parliament MP Najiba Najib, in a statement to «life» «delay should be in the interest of the budget does not create differences between the blocks to facilitate approval. They pointed out that «the most prominent issue in the budget each year are the demands of the Kurdistan Alliance, the region's share of the budget, and pay provisions of the Peshmerga forces and dues of the oil companies operating in Kurdistan. And denied making any discussion «these points since the exchange of visits between the heads of the two governments Nuri al-Maliki and Barzani in Arbil and Baghdad.
She stressed that «the preliminary draft of the budget includes a reduction of expenses Alastthmaratneh and increased operating expenses, which is incorrect and inconsistent with the recommendations of the International Monetary Fund. She explained that «Parliament will resume its sessions the middle of next month, and if the budget did not raise differences between the blocks can be approved before the end of the year, but ruled out the lack of access disputes.
He was a member bloc Al-Iraqiya MP Haidar al-Mulla, accused in a statement the day before yesterday the government «obstructing the process of promoting economic and service through delay send the budget in 2014 to the House of Representatives.
Shirshab expects endorsing only 2 law drafts within current term of parliament
Friday, 15 November 2013 23:56
Baghdad (AIN) –MP Adil al-Shirshab of the State of Law Coalition expected that “The Parliament will exhaust its remaining time of its current term in discussing the two law drafts of the 2014 budget and General Retirement.”
MP Shirshab stated to AIN “The remaining time for the current parliament is limited and it has two important law drafts represented by the general retirement law draft and the 2014 law draft which will exhaust the current term of the parliament,” noting that “The Iraqi parliament missed great opportunities to endorse many important law drafts because of the political disputes among the blocs.”
Shirshab who occupies the post of the head of the Education Parliamentary Committee added “The education Committee has a suggestion for law draft to grant the students and pupils a monthly salary of (30,000 IQD) which we try to include it within the next budget.”
It is worth to mention that the financial grant allocated by the Parliament earlier for the University students has not been paid for them yet.
In Southern Iraq, Basra Threatens Autonomy
By Aso Fishagi
ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - Local authorities in Iraq’s southern Basra province have threatened to break away from the central government in Baghdad and create an autonomous region of their own.
The warning comes as the country is grappling with increasing violence and Baghdad is failing to deliver basic services to the province.
In the north, Iraq’s Kurds run their own autonomous Kurdistan Region.
The idea of an autonomous Basra was rekindled by MP Wail Abd al-Latif, who told Rudaw that, “Efforts toward making Basra an autonomous region is a project and not a trump card against the central government.”
He noted that this project has been in the making for a number of years and conforms fully to the Iraqi constitution.
Just days before drafting the final version of the Iraqi constitution in 2005, the issue of a southern Shiite autonomous region caused heated divisive debate among Iraqi politicians.
An autonomous Shiite region that includes several southern provinces is considered the brainchild of Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, the former leader of the Supreme Islamic Council of Iraq (ISCI).
Hakim advocated for a Shiite autonomous region modeled after the Kurdistan Region. However, divisions between Shiites and strong Sunni opposition defeated the project.
According to Abd al-Latif, the project has the full backing of Basra’s residents. He said that the marginalization of the province by the central government is the main reason behind it.
“Starting this month, the committee assigned with making Basra an autonomous region will take new legal steps through forming a council made up of representatives from all the towns and sub-districts of Basra,” he said.
Basra is often considered as Iraq’s lifeline, thanks to its rich oil wealth and other natural resources. It is also the country’s only gateway by sea to the outside world.
In 2010, 22 members from 35 Basra Provincial Councils signed a petition demanding Baghdad hold a referendum in the province in accordance with the Iraqi constitution, so that residents can choose if they want to remain under Baghdad or form their own autonomous government. But the demand fell on deaf ears at the prime minister’s office.
The State of Law party of Prime Minister Nuri al Maliki’s weak performance in the April 20 provincial elections in Basra, in which the party’s seats decreased from 22 in 2009 to 16 in 2013, could help revive the idea of a Basra autonomous region.
Abd al-Latif argued that the Basra region would not resemble Kurdistan because the Kurdistan Region was already an established fact on the ground.
“If Basra became an autonomous region, it would be different from the Kurdistan Region, because the Kurdistan Region was a reality before the formation of the new Iraq and its achievements were incorporated into the Iraqi constitution,” he explained.
“The region of Basra would be compatible with the current Iraqi laws and constitution,” he said.
Jawad Bazouni, a member of parliament from Basra and a strong advocate of its autonomy bid, told Rudaw that, “the current Iraqi constitution defines Iraq as a federal country, so it is within the rights of each governorate to demand autonomy.”
Bazouni complained that for years, under various justifications, Basra’s bid for autonomy has been delayed.
Over the past several months the Sunni provinces of Anbar, Salahdeen and Diyala unilaterally declared autonomy from Baghdad, citing worsening security, unfair treatment of Sunnis and lack of services by the government. However, Baghdad dismissed the moves as “unconstitutional.”
Mixed Feelings Over Barzani’s Visit to Diyarbakir
Kurdistan Region President Massoud Barzani is expected to arrive in Diyarbakir, the largest Kurdish city in Turkey, on Saturday. He will meet with Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan; attend the inauguration of government projects and partake in some wedding celebrations.
Barzani’s invitation to Diyarbakir clearly marks a break from the traditional Turkish policy towards the Kurds in the whole region. It is true that provincial elections are coming in March next year and Erdogan wants to win Kurdish voters. But the story of the visit cannot only be read from this angle.
As a prominent Kurdish leader, Barzani will be the first to visit Diyarbakir and be received as the president of the Kurdistan Region. This has symbolic significance at the minimum. Unlike previous Turkish governments, Turkey’s foreign policy under Erdogan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) has shown flexibility and leniency toward the Kurds.
This has to do with several factors. First, Kurdistan is rich in hydrocarbon resources -- something that Turkey is in desperate need of. Secondly, the recent Arab spring further pushed AKP to embrace the Kurds more pragmatically, to avoid any security fallouts of the kind seen on Arab streets. And of course, the peace process with the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) is a soft way to defuse historical tensions between Turks and Kurds in the region. Barzani has been invaluable for Ankara on all of these issues. In return, Ankara is almost working as protector of the Kurdish enclave in northern Iraq. It has helped Kurdistan to be economically developed and soon it will have its own independent source of income from its nearly-completed pipeline.
As Barzani prepares for his trip, there are mixed feelings on both sides of the border. Some of the Kurdish leaders from northern (Turkish) Kurdistan have already argued that the AKP wants to use Barzani to attract traditional Kurdish voters that have gone to the pro-Kurdish Peace and Democracy Party (BDP) in the previous election. Meanwhile, the Turkish nationalists view Barzani’s visit as another attempt to divide Turkey.
Selahattin Demirtas, the co-chair of BDP, said he welcomed Barzani’s visit as long as it did not harm the Kurds politically.
“From Erbil to Amed (Diyarbakir) is Barzani’s home and Barzani can be considered an experienced politician if he does not become a tool for AKP’s election campaign,” said Demirtas at a press conference in Paris.
Ahmet Turk, the co-chairman of the DTK (Democratic Society Congress) warned about AKP’s plans to undermine Kurdish political parties in Turkey by inviting Barzani. He believes that Barzani’s invitation is aimed at the March elections. “Barzani should interpret the Kurdish people’s expectations correctly. Some people may have invited Barzani for the next elections. I hope that Mr. Barzani notices this,” Turk said earlier this week.
After returning from a visit to Baghdad last Monday, Turkish Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoglu told journalists: “We are happy when we see bonds between Turkey and Bosnians or Albanians in the Balkans. The same is valid for Kurds as well. This is in fact a part of our normalization and reflection of self-confidence. In the past, there were those who were against any contact between Kurds inside Turkey and outside, as if it would be the end of the world.”
Relations between Turkey and the Kurdistan Region hit an iceberg when Barzani threatened to intervene in Diyarbakir in 2007 in response to Turkish interference in the Kurdish city of Kirkuk.
"We will not let the Turks intervene in Kirkuk," Barzani said at at the time in an interview with Al-Arabiyah television. "Kirkuk is an Iraqi city with a Kurdish identity, historically and geographically. All the facts prove that Kirkuk is part of Kurdistan," he said.
Erdogan declared that cabinet members and deputies will attend collective opening ceremonies in Diyarbakır next Sunday. “All together, we will embrace the people of Diyarbakır in our province of Diyarbakır,” he said.
The main opposition Republican People's Party's (CHP) deputy chair Sezgin Tanrikulu, a Kurdish politician from the southeastern region, cautioned Barzani to watch his reputation.
“Mr. Barzani is a prestigious name of the 50-to-60-year-long political struggle of the Kurds. He has earned this reputation from the struggle in his personal history. I hope that he takes care not to sacrifice this reputation to internal political strife, conflicts and fights in Turkey,” he told journalists.
On the other hand, the Iraqi Kurdish parties are divided over Barzani’s trip to Diyarbakir.
The leader of the Kurdistan Islamic Union, Muhammad Rauf, believes that Barzani’s trip will contribute to the peace process and strengthen Kurdish-Turkish ties. In the meantime, he lamented that Barzani’s trip is only tied to the upcoming election in Turkey.
“What’s important is contribution to the peace process and everyone is looking out for his own interests, and we are looking for the interest of our people in Northern Kurdistan,” Rauf told Rudaw.
However, Muhammad Hakim, an official of the Kurdistan Islamic League (Komal) told Rudaw, “such relations between the Kurdistan presidency and Kurdistan government with the neighboring countries are murky for us, therefore I cannot comment on this.
The main Kurdish opposition group, the Change Movement (Gorran), also warned that Barzani’s visit to Diyarbakir would not serve Kurdish interests. Rebeen Omer, a Gorran official in Erbil, told DIHA news agency: “Barzani’s trip will be good publicity for AKP and it could hinder the peace process between Turkey and the PKK.”
Iraq: Oil companies tighten security following attack
BAGHDAD — Foreign oil companies operating in Iraq have tightened security procedures at the sites they manage as a precaution following a Nov. 1 attack on the Ahdab oil field, 180 kilometers [50 miles] southeast of Baghdad in Wasit province. Unidentified gunman stormed the site, west of Kut, and made off with money, weapons and equipment.The Oil Ministry has reassured the companies that the incident involved theft and nothing more.
The Ahdab field was developed and operated by the China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) under a technical services contract with the Iraqi government. Operations began there in 2011.
Simon Daman Willems, managing director of Shell Iraq Petroleum, told Al-Monitor, "Iraq is still experiencing security tensions. We believe that the Iraqi government is serious about fighting armed groups that are trying to affect the Iraqi economy through its oil exports." He also acknowledged, "Oil companies are certainly reassessing their calculations with respect to the targeting of work sites in Iraq, which is still witnessing security breaches in all sectors."
Willems said his company is continuing to develop and administer the Majnoon field, one of four huge fields in Basra province, to reach the highest production possible. Iraq is counting on the big fields in the south to double its oil production, which currently stands at around 3 million barrels per day.
The Majnoon field is one of the five largest in the world. According to Willems, the Iraqi Oil Ministry believes it contains some 38 billion barrels of oil. The ministry contracted the field to Shell in 2010 under the second licensing round.
Sahib Awid al-Jalibawi, head of the Security Committee for the Wasit province local council, confirmed that the Ahdab attack was not an act of sabotage. He blamed the success of the operation on deficiencies on the part of the field's guards, noting that the intruders had stolen communications equipment and laptop computers, along with cash, thus removing any doubt that the attack constituted a general threat to the field.
Speaking to Al-Monitor, Jalibawi asserted, "The attack on the Ahdab oil field by an armed group is nothing more than a case of armed robbery carried out by some weak individuals." He added that the local government had formed a committee to investigate the incident and had met with Chinese and Iraqi workers during a visit to the field. They said that they had not experienced similar incidents in the past, making the robbery a unique event to date.
Meanwhile, the Oil Ministry continued to downplay the importance of the attack. Ministry spokesman Assem Jihad told Al-Monitor, "The incident will not affect the work of foreign oil companies operating in Iraq." He stressed, "Foreign companies will not back down when it comes to developing the oil fields that they won [contracts for] in licensing rounds. Likewise, [they] will continue competing for investment [opportunities] in other oil fields, if presented by the Iraqi government in the future. These companies were aware of the security situation in Iraq before beginning work here.”
The parliamentary Oil and Energy Committee meanwhile has considered that a repeat attack might negatively affect the work of these companies and the development of the country's oil fields. One of the committee's members, Uday al-Awadi, told Al-Monitor, "The provincial administrations and the Iraqi government must deal with such incidents seriously, by cooperating with foreign oil companies and providing security for their work via coordination with the security services in the province." He further noted, "Iraq still suffers from attacks by al-Qaeda, [and] some [other] armed groups, on oil sites and pipelines."
Iraqi militants have repeatedly targeted the main northern pipeline. It was constructed in the 1970s to transport 1.6 million barrels per day to Ceyhan, the Turkish port on the Mediterranean. These attacks have hindered plans to increase exports.
Ayser Jabbar is a journalist and writer who has worked for a number of satellite channels and news agencies.
Maliki: We will not allow that area becomes a nest for terrorists
02:03:16 / 11/2013
Khandan - Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, said he does not oppose the will of the Syrian people in their quest for freedom, but will not be allowed to turn the region into a nest of terrorists and criminals.
Maliki said in a speech during the opening of a power plant in Wasit province, "We do not want every day that gas comes armies of the world are included to this area, whether in Iraq or what is happening in Syria."
He explained, "We will not allow this region to be a nest of terrorists and murderers and criminals, as happened in Iraq is happening in Syria."
Maliki said, "We are not against the will of the Syrian people and with our requirements, but we are against terrorism, against al-Qaeda wherever they are in any country was against the front of the victory."
He pointed out that Iraq "should have been at the forefront of the world and not the countries of the region, the richness, development and economic power, not for terrorism and terrorists."
Supreme Council: Looking to the post of prime minister without electoral programs successful "political bug"
01:19:16 / 11/2013
Khandan - Zia Caliph
He expressed the Islamic Supreme Council, led by Ammar al-Hakim for his refusal to look to the federal prime minister without the preparation of the electoral program and the emphasis on providing services to citizens and coordination between state institutions and civil society organizations.
A spokesman for the Supreme Council and a member of the Political Bureau of benign Almala told (Khandan), said: "Caring for the subject to stand and look to the prime minister, the federal without providing programs electoral realistic and add something tangible to the citizens and the Iraqi voter is a malfunction politically," he said, adding, "We want to turn attention to the subject of running for office and the person of the minister, who see it as a service to the vision of strategic and integrated program provided by the candidates for the job, which is based on the plans achieve tangible results for the people of Iraq through coordination and harmonization between the prime minister and the House of Representatives and civil society organizations. "
He added Almala "We're in the Supreme Council to Antdaf with others on the job where he was not in the first place of our electoral program," he said, adding that "electoral and political program of the Supreme Council is focused on the provision of services and the fight against corruption."
The Almala stressed that "the first goal confirmed by Sayyed Ammar al-Hakim is to provide the service and the fight against corruption," stressing that "the prime minister is not the very first, but we can talk about it and the names of our candidates for the job after the completion of the election process."
The Almala also noted that "the Supreme Council tends to go into the next legislative elections list individually and not with the rest of the components of the National Coalition one of the poles of the National Alliance."
Vice Kurdistan: the rule of law reason to disable approve oil and gas law
09:56:16 / 11/2013
Khandan - Ali Naji
Download the Kurdistan Alliance MP Rose Mahdi Khoshnaw, a coalition of state law responsibility of a failure to approve oil and gas law inactivated years ago, as well as other laws listed on the shelves of the Iraqi Council of Representatives.
He said Khoshnaw in a statement to "Khandan", "There is no law serves only the Kurdish people, but Jamea laws serve the Iraqi people all, but there are laws related to the establishment of the state of current and complete transitions, such as the law of the Federal Council and the Federal Court and the parties, and oil and gas."
He explained Khoshnaw that "oil and gas law disabled years ago because of the lack of conviction of state law to pass this law, and whether they're taking advantage of the absence of a law regulating the oil wealth or not, this is up to his answer to the Iraqi people," adding that "there is convinced large in the political blocs that coalition inactivated state law is to pass these laws, the fact that has super powers within the Federal Council of Ministers. "
Najiba Najib: call to that hurt delay the budget in the interests of the Iraqi citizen Posted on: 16/11/2013 09:39:02
Said a member of the Finance Committee in the House of Representatives, Najiba Najib said on Saturday that "the Constitution stipulates that reach the general budget of the country for the year 2014 the end of the month of September or early October of 2013, but the government has fallen behind on this date was deferred to the next legislative term."
The Najeebeh said in a statement to the news agency the future today: "The Presidency of the parliament decided to extend the legislative term in order to vote on the election law and the law of the budget, but the government did not send the draft law and thereby directly legislative recess and in accordance with the Constitution."
It showed that "the Constitution select dates Angaad the legislative sessions and classes, holidays and so has entered the parliament in the legislative recess as stipulated by the Constitution."
He explained, "The Constitution also provides that in the case of the arrival Mesdoua law, to extend the legislative term but did not reach The legislative season is over for this year."
She pointed out that "the government has formed a committee to prepare the budget is likely to be delayed in the approval, calling out that this delay hurt in the interest of the country and the citizen and prepared adequately and appropriately formulated and away from political differences."
"The lower the financial problems in the budget whenever receded political differences and vote on the budget as soon as possible."
She continued, "in the event of the arrival of the draft budget to parliament during the legislative recess, it will not change it's something where it's not the right of the Presidency of the Council of Representatives members to call things that he falls within the emergency budget to not be considered, including". Ended