" The Dinar Daily ", Friday, 15 November 2013
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  1. #1

    " The Dinar Daily ", Friday, 15 November 2013

    Turkey and Iraqi Kurdistan’s Mutual Interests
    By DAVID ROMANO

    In a few days, Kurdistan Region President Massoud Barzani will visit Diyarbakir. By the time you read this, he may already be there or have completed his visit. Diyarbakir, or Amed for the Kurds, is the largest predominantly Kurdish city in the world. It is also an important electoral district in Turkey. In the forthcoming Turkish municipal elections, the city is expected to divide its votes between Turkey’s Peace and Democracy (BDP) pro-Kurdish party and the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP).



    It is therefore no surprise that Turkish Prime Minister Erdogan invited Mr. Barzani to Diyarbakir. Mr. Erdogan will have many photo opportunities around the city during Mr. Barzani’s historic visit, embracing the Iraqi Kurdish leader and showing him respect and every diplomatic courtesy. In doing so, the Turkish Prime Minister will demonstrate to Kurdish voters in Turkey that he is a friend to the Kurds – although not the ones linked to the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK).



    This represents an intelligent strategy for the AKP, and part of the reason for Turkey’s continuing good relations with Iraqi Kurdistan. Both Mr. Erdogan’s AKP and Mr. Barzani’s Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq (KDP) share pro-capitalist, conservative and traditional political outlooks. Their shared politics stand in stark contrast to that of the PKK and its political affiliates, who are born of the radical Turkish Left and various strains of Marxist-Leninism and Maoism. Erdogan and Barzani are also not competitors for the loyalties of the same political constituencies. The PKK umbrella, in contrast, competes with both of them – for votes in Turkey and Mr. Erdogan’s case, and for general support and sympathy in the case of Barzani and greater Kurdistan.



    Even now, for example, pro-Barzani political parties in Rojava (Syrian Kurdistan) find themselves at odds with the pro-PKK Democratic Union Party (PYD). As a kind of Syrian branch of the PKK (denials notwithstanding), Mr. Erdogan’s government in Ankara also eyes PYD control of Syrian Kurdistan with a great deal of alarm. As a result, those who were once thought of as unlikely bedfellows join together in isolating the PYD: More often than not, Iraqi Kurdistan’s border is as closed to the PYD as Turkey’s is.


    Besides this very logical political calculus, strong economic imperatives also encourage the ever improving friendship between Ankara and Erbil. Turkey needs oil and gas – especially oil and gas that don’t come from Russia and Iran – and Iraqi Kurdistan needs an outlet for its oil and gas, especially if such an outlet can remain outside of Baghdad’s control. Hence all the pipeline activity we recently heard about on the Turkish-Iraqi Kurdistan border, to Baghdad’s great consternation. Although Turkey would prefer to buy its oil and gas with Baghdad’s approval, it needs those resources one way or another. What’s more, Ankara also needs the Iraqi Kurds’ help with its own Kurdish-Leftist problem for the reasons mentioned above. Simultaneously, Turkish businesses remain more than happy to continue jumping into the Iraqi Kurdish market, earning handsome profits that their European and North American competitors were too hesitant to capitalize upon.



    Ankara and Erbil’s mutual interests do not extend into everything, however, and require some careful balancing to pursue effectively. When the Turks apparently supported Jihadist groups fighting the PYD in Syria, for example, they likely went too far. Behind closed doors, both Erbil and Turkey’s Western allies probably pointed this out to leaders in Ankara, and they seem to be backing away from the policy now. Ankara would also rather not see even Iraqi Kurdistan achieve statehood, although preventing such an occurrence is no longer the obsession it used to be. At the same time, the Iraqi Kurds probably do not want to replace their reliance on Baghdad with a complete dependency on Ankara. Ideally, they would rather steer a course between the two, if such a “sweet spot” can be found, until they feel secure enough to declare their independence. Given popular sentiment on Iraqi Kurdistan’s streets, Erbil also cannot be seen to directly harm Kurdish aspirations in other parts of Kurdistan – even if the PKK plays the lead role in pushing those aspirations forward.

    David Romano has been a Rudaw columnist since August 2010. He is the Thomas G. Strong Professor of Middle East Politics at Missouri State University and author of The Kurdish Nationalist Movement (2006, Cambridge University Press).

    http://rudaw.net/english/opinion/151....8yiSodM1.dpuf



  2. #2
    The new election law at the mercy of the Federal Court
    14-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Talk | Mustafa Habib | Baghdad |
    Iraqi parliament succeeded last week in the passage of a law legislative elections scheduled in April next after the long months of talks, have not gone hours on the adoption of the law until the voices objecting to it.
    Objections issued by the political blocs, deputies and civil society organizations and experts revealed the existence of legal and constitutional loopholes which has being challenged before the Federal Court.
    Even if Parliament Speaker Osama Najafi said, hours after the adoption of the election law during a press conference that "the completion of the election law came after the consensus of all the political blocs," warning to challenge the law because "the consequences will be the consequences for Iraq."
    The main political blocs, which passed the law will remain in a state of anxiety until the elections scheduled on 30 April of next year, for fear of the feet of small blocks to complain about the law in Federal Court.
    Highlighted the observations recorded by the experts and legal The election law violates Article 49 of the Iraqi Constitution, which stipulates that "the Council shall consist of Representatives of a number of members by one seat per one hundred thousand inhabitants of the population of Iraq", according to data from the Ministry of Planning on the population of Iraq must be there 351 deputies in the parliament.
    However, the election law to make the 328 parliament seats up only 3 seats on the number of MPs present, while the share of minorities will be 8 parliamentary seats.
    There are ten seats are distributed among the major blocs, by 3 seats for the Kurdistan region, and 4 seats for the Shiite provinces, and one seat for the Sunni provinces and two provinces mixed population between Shiites and Sunnis.
    This method of random distribution of the seats, raised the ire of a number of religious minorities, and local administrations of the provinces which gives parliamentary seats intact if the provinces that got the seats.
    Minorities who objected to the law are all of the Shabak, Turkmen and Yazidis who have received parliamentary seat for each component, while the Christian minority was more fortunate when he kept the proportion and number of its five seats.
    The MP says the Yezidi Sharif component Solomon's "Talk," "The latest statistics indicate that our numbers exceeded 600 thousand people, which means that we deserve six parliamentary seats in accordance with the Constitution but simply ignored blocs."
    He adds, "will not be silent on it and we will resort to the courts to stop this breach legal, where Snkadhi presidency of the parliament and raise a complaint with the Federal Court to challenge the law, because of the political blocs ignored the decision issued by the Federal Court in 2010 to reconsider the proportion of Aesidein."
    MP Arshad Salhi Representative component Aturkmenejo other board filed a complaint with the Federal Court to lift the injustice for Turkmens, and said the "debate" that "large blocs refuse to grant Turkmen or other minorities oppressed additional seat under various pretexts, but she allowed herself to distribute ten seats among themselves."
    And adopted the same attitude minority Shabak found in the law, prejudice against minorities, says former MP for component networking nostalgia Qadu for "discussion" that in the event "was on the large blocs to build a political system stable, it must reassure vulnerable minorities that are exposed to the marginalization of political attacks and security in time itself. "
    Local administrations of some provinces and her deputies were among the objectors also on the law, which deprived her of increase parliamentary seats provinces of, and included specific provinces increase without the other.
    Major political blocs tried hard to get a compensatory seats awarded outside the scope of the election of its leaders nominate want for these seats, I found another way to get the seats.
    This method is embodied in the granting of some provinces, Sunni, Shiite and Kurdish parliamentary seats where additional awarded the three Kurdish provinces of Kurdistan (Erbil, Sulaimaniyah, Dohuk) three additional seats to the basic share.
    And got the provinces of Karbala, Basra and Babel, Nasiriyah four seats evenly distributed among them, while Sunni province of Anbar got one seat, and got the capital Baghdad, Diyala Almokhtlttin the population between Shiites and Sunnis on the one seat each.
    The irony ten provinces just got an increase in their seats outside the ratio of the population, while the 8 provinces were left without any increase, which raised the ire of these provinces.
    Says MP for the province of Salah al-Din, Jubouri Koutaiba for "discussion" that "blocks awarded some provinces without other seats Despite the flag and the unconstitutionality of this distribution, which will push many complain when the Federal Court."
    The other error occurred when the political blocs regard to the conflict between the government and parliament on the powers years ago, where the prime minister has sought to strengthen his powers at the expense of parliament.
    Maliki's attempts resulted in the months before obtaining the approval of the Federal Court on the bills must be submitted exclusively from the government to the parliament for approval, nor Parliament has the right to propose approval of the law itself.
    The problem that the new election law put forward initially as amendment to the election law of 2005 and amendments to the laws of the origin of the validity of the Parliament is not entitled to government objection, but the House of Representatives introduced the substance of the amendments is a 2005 law null and void, which means that the new amendments are proposed a new law which would expose him to appeal .
    Article 47 of the new election law provided for the "abolition of the House of Representatives Election Law No. 16 of 2005, as amended."
    Says an expert on elections, Adel al-Lami, a former member of the Commission, for "discussion" that "Parliament put himself in an awkward position, when the abolition of the old law, the new law it is easy to challenge him and canceled."
    In addition to the legal and constitutional errors which occurred election law, there is political remarks made by a number of observers, most notably that the law adopted a system of "Saint Lego average" in the calculation of votes.
    This system, according to a member of the Iraqi Communist Party Jassim Hilfi prevent small parties with secular and liberal backgrounds to get seats, while the large blocs will be Islamic and nationalist is acquired on all seats.
    He says Hilfi for "discussion" that "large blocs vying with each other in everything except in one case, all agree and that is the marginalization of small parties through legal and illegal."
    He added that "all the large blocs agreed not to adopt a system of Saint Lego applied in local elections that took place on 20 April last year and got through small parties for seats in the provincial councils, but the large blocs decided to adopt a system of Saint Lego rate which differs from the St. Lego. "
    And "St. Lego" is a special system for the distribution of votes dish in 1952 in Sweden and Norway, a system that prevents large parties of acquisitions on the votes of the smaller parties that not enough voters to win votes by counting according to the rates.
    Large blocs approved a law contains many errors in the legal and constitutional elections considered by politicians and experts from the most important electoral processes that will be..

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2kgJoVtgK

  3. #3
    Hundreds of Iraqi dead and wounded in attacks on Ashura processions
    15-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Baghdad - Al-Hayat, AFP
    Friday, November 15, 2013

    43 Iraqis were killed in attacks targeting Shiites commemorating the death of Imam Hussein, including a suicide attack the center of a religious procession, despite the tight security measures in Karbala.
    The attacks came as tens of thousands gathered foreign visitors in Karbala to commemorate Ashura. The suicide bomber was wearing a police uniform, the same area inhabited by a majority of Shiites in Diyala province north of Baghdad, killing at least 32 people and wounding 80 others, the sources said security and medical.
    It was the third attack targeting Shiites yesterday.
    Simultaneous bombings rocked fossil area south of Baghdad, killing nine people, while the bombings in Kirkuk, wounding five people. Another explosion targeted an army patrol in the town of predominantly Sunni northern Baghdad, killing two soldiers.
    The three coordinated bomb attacks on Shiite pilgrims in northern Baghdad on Wednesday and killed at least eight people dead and ten wounded. The explosions took place near the city of Baquba (60 km) north of Baghdad, while visitors heading to Karbala (110 km south of the Iraqi capital).
    As a car bomb blast Wednesday in the northern city of Kirkuk, killing a Shiite was distributing supplies to visitors and injuring eight other people.
    Shiite and greets on this occasion tuff incident where the army killed the Umayyad caliph Yazid Imam Hussein with a number of members of his family in 680 AD, as the most tragic events in their history. Often witness this occasion, acts of violence carried out by groups linked to al-Qaeda.
    And organizes hundreds of thousands of Shiite Muslims on this occasion processions and setting up tents where food distributed to passers-by, while a huge number gathered in Karbala, where the shrine of Imam Hussein.
    Security measures have been strengthened by more than 35 thousand troops and police were deployed in and around Karbala and erected barriers to prevent the entry of vehicles into the city by overflying helicopters.
    The conservative authorities announced that about one million people, including two hundred thousand will come from abroad, will visit Karbala during the ten days. Has filled every hotel in the city.
    After 14 (November) Visitors continue to flock to Karbala to commemorate Ashura Arbain that follows.
    In recent months, attacks have increased in Iraq, despite the tightening of security measures and campaigns that target the rebels.
    And received more than 5,600 Iraqis have been killed since the beginning of the year were 964 in October (October), which is the deadliest month since April 2008, and according to official figures.
    With the worsening violence in the country, asked Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki of Washington, greater cooperation to combat the insurgency.
    The worst wave of bloody violence taking place in Iraq since 2008. The authorities are facing severe criticism because of the absence of security and failing to provide basic services such as electricity and water, as well as due to the spread of corruption.
    And political differences led to paralyze the government, while the Parliament was unable to issue important laws for years.
    Shiite Muslims make up the majority in Iraq.

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2kgF3Ej2u

  4. #4
    House of Representatives legislative recess begins today

    BAGHDAD / Aswat al-Iraq: office said Speaker of the House, on Thursday, the holiday legislative House of Representatives begins Thursday, because ماوصفه absence of gratuitous constitutional justify the extension of the first legislative term extension Secondly, according to the decision of the Article 58 / II of the Constitution, which prohibits extension of Chapter additional period.
    A statement issued by the Office of President of the Council, "the absence of the budget bill for 2014 to the House of Representatives, because of the problematic which require more time to complete, as we were informed by the Presidency of the Council of Ministers, which negated with a gratuitous constitutional justify the extension of the first legislative term extension Secondly, according to the decision of the Article 58 / II of the Constitution. "
    It was decided according to the statement that the holiday starts legislature on Thursday 11/14/2013 on "to resume the House of Representatives work on Sunday, 12.15.2013 with the need to take the MPs into account the possibility of holding special sessions to accomplish what can be accomplished tasks and that the her head in the case of public budget sent to the House of Representatives, according to the decision of the Article 58 / I of the Constitution. "

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2kgKWJ5VP

  5. #5
    Kurdistan: the region does not need recommendations from one to maintain security in the country

    15-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Alsumaria News / Baghdad
    Confirmed the Kurdistan Alliance, said Friday that the Kurdistan region does not need a recommendation from a to maintain security in the country, pointing out that the province and the Peshmerga forces is part of the political process and the system of national security, but that it "does not want to enter into political problems and conflicts partisan."

    The Alliance MP Shwan Mohammed Taha said in an interview for "Alsumaria News", "The Kurdistan region is part of the political process in real and genuine," noting that "in terms of formalities, the region does not need a recommendation, whether from America or Russia or any other country to save Security being a part of the political process and the national security system in the country. "

    Taha added that "Peshmerga part of the national security system which protects 20% of the Iraqi border at the moment," adding that they "do not want to enter into political problems also signed by the Iraqi army and also plunged defense security system in partisan conflicts."

    Taha pointed out "the existence of problematic in understanding between the federal government and the provincial government in terms of training and rehabilitation of the Peshmerga forces and get the equipment as part of the defense system."

    The United States is trying to America strives to coordinate efforts between the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan region to deploy joint forces of the Iraqi army and Kurdish Peshmerga, in the disputed areas around the country's most bloody counter "terrorism", and فقما declared independent Kurdish MP Mahmoud Othman

    The U.S. Vice President Joe Biden discuss it relates to dial the last with the President of the Kurdistan region, Massoud Barzani, view his country's efforts to strengthen cooperation between the region and Baghdad to fight "terrorism" in the country, with the U.S. commitment to "continuous" in partnership with Iraq to fight al-Qaeda, according to a statement issued by the Presidency of the Kurdistan region.

    The country of "terrorist" varied between car and suicide bombings and improvised explosive devices, adhesives and armed attacks that claimed the lives of thousands of Iraqis, where he was last October deadliest according Maaalnth the official institutions and the international community.

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2ki9i8NqZ

  6. #6
    Kurdistan: the region does not need recommendations from one to maintain security in the country

    15-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Alsumaria News / Baghdad
    Confirmed the Kurdistan Alliance, said Friday that the Kurdistan region does not need a recommendation from a to maintain security in the country, pointing out that the province and the Peshmerga forces is part of the political process and the system of national security, but that it "does not want to enter into political problems and conflicts partisan."

    The Alliance MP Shwan Mohammed Taha said in an interview for "Alsumaria News", "The Kurdistan region is part of the political process in real and genuine," noting that "in terms of formalities, the region does not need a recommendation, whether from America or Russia or any other country to save Security being a part of the political process and the national security system in the country. "

    Taha added that "Peshmerga part of the national security system which protects 20% of the Iraqi border at the moment," adding that they "do not want to enter into political problems also signed by the Iraqi army and also plunged defense security system in partisan conflicts."

    Taha pointed out "the existence of problematic in understanding between the federal government and the provincial government in terms of training and rehabilitation of the Peshmerga forces and get the equipment as part of the defense system."

    The United States is trying to America strives to coordinate efforts between the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan region to deploy joint forces of the Iraqi army and Kurdish Peshmerga, in the disputed areas around the country's most bloody counter "terrorism", and فقما declared independent Kurdish MP Mahmoud Othman

    The U.S. Vice President Joe Biden discuss it relates to dial the last with the President of the Kurdistan region, Massoud Barzani, view his country's efforts to strengthen cooperation between the region and Baghdad to fight "terrorism" in the country, with the U.S. commitment to "continuous" in partnership with Iraq to fight al-Qaeda, according to a statement issued by the Presidency of the Kurdistan region.

    The country of "terrorist" varied between car and suicide bombings and improvised explosive devices, adhesives and armed attacks that claimed the lives of thousands of Iraqis, where he was last October deadliest according Maaalnth the official institutions and the international community.

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2ki9i8NqZ

  7. #7
    Head of Judiciary authority in Iraq meets with Turkish ambassador in Baghdad
    13/11/2013 12:20:00

    BAGHDAD / NINA / The head of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary, the Judge Medhat al-Mahmoud discussed with the Turkish ambassador in Baghdad Farouk Qimagja, the bilateral relations.

    A statement from the Information Office of the judiciary said that Mahmoud confirmed, during the meeting, the importance of the historical relationship between the Iraqi and Turkish peoples and the need to support this relation in order to serve the interests of both countries, congratulated the guest on the occasion of assuming him as new ambassador in Baghdad.

    For his part, Qimagja praised the Judiciary in Iraq, pointing out that he was keen to meet with President of the Supreme Judicial Council after taking office, calling at the same time to develop relationships between Iraq and Turkey, on various levels.

    http://www.ninanews.com/english/News...ar95_VQ=GKMGKM

    *** WONDER IF THE SUBJECT OF HASHEMI CAME UP ? ***

  8. #8
    Thousands of people participate in Fri prayers and sit-in,of Anbar.
    15/11/2013 12:04:00

    Ramadi / NINA /--Thousands of people flocked from different parts of Fallujah and Ramadi cities , to participate in the unified Fri-prayer.

    Sheikh Mohammed Fayyad, one of the organizers of Anbar sit-ins ,said to NINA reporter : "The citizens participated in the prayers that held in the courtyard northern Ramadi and eastern Fallujah cities , stressing that the goal of this trickle is to send one again a message to the governing in Baghdad that our demonstrations are peaceful and backed by citizens deep conviction.

    "The source added that the central government seeking by every means to provoke the demonstrators especially through nonsense statements .

    http://www.ninanews.com/english/News...ar95_VQ=GKMIMM

  9. #9
    Signs of a breakthrough to the crisis of Sulaymaniyah and talk about the change of the settlement agreement

    15-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Alsumaria News / Baghdad
    Kurdish mass change announced Friday, to reach an agreement with the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, led by Jalal Talabani appointed governor and two new deputy governor of the province of Sulaymaniyah, within a period not exceeding eight days, confirming its adherence to this requirement because they constitute the majority in the House of Sulaymaniyah.
    A member bloc MP Cheyenne Mohamed Tahir said in an interview for "Alsumaria News", "The leaders of the mass change and the leaders of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) has reached an agreement on the appointment of governor and deputy governor of two new Sulaymaniyah," indicating that "the governor would block change, and will be atheist of the month The current deadline to make the change. "
    Taher confirmed "stuck block this requirement," noting they "constitute a majority in the provincial council since the provinces of Kurdistan elections that took place in 2005 and up to now."
    She explained Taher that "conservative current was appointed a proxy, which is in this position since 2005," pointing out that "the mass change has 19 seats in the province of Sulaymaniyah, while the rest of the blocks do not have every one of them more than five seats, and therefore the position of the Governor entitlement to block change. "
    The House of Erbil student, on Wednesday (November 13, 2013), the Kurdistan Regional Government to set a date for provincial elections, stressing that the work of the provincial councils is an important criterion for democratic development in any country.
    Comes claim Arbil Council this after the President's remarks hired by the change in the province of Sulaymaniyah Dana Abdulkarim called for the need to hold the provincial council elections, saying that the current governor was appointed by proxy, and any proxy command should not continue for more than six months.
    It is noteworthy that the provincial elections in the region took place in 2005, have not been beyond any other despite the conduct of the elections in the rest areas of Iraq in 2009 and 2013, the Parliament of the region to extend the current session of the provincial councils for several times.

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2kiBIbhpv

  10. #10
    Signs of a breakthrough to the crisis of Sulaymaniyah and talk about the change of the settlement agreement

    15-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Alsumaria News / Baghdad
    Kurdish mass change announced Friday, to reach an agreement with the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, led by Jalal Talabani appointed governor and two new deputy governor of the province of Sulaymaniyah, within a period not exceeding eight days, confirming its adherence to this requirement because they constitute the majority in the House of Sulaymaniyah.
    A member bloc MP Cheyenne Mohamed Tahir said in an interview for "Alsumaria News", "The leaders of the mass change and the leaders of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) has reached an agreement on the appointment of governor and deputy governor of two new Sulaymaniyah," indicating that "the governor would block change, and will be atheist of the month The current deadline to make the change. "
    Taher confirmed "stuck block this requirement," noting they "constitute a majority in the provincial council since the provinces of Kurdistan elections that took place in 2005 and up to now."
    She explained Taher that "conservative current was appointed a proxy, which is in this position since 2005," pointing out that "the mass change has 19 seats in the province of Sulaymaniyah, while the rest of the blocks do not have every one of them more than five seats, and therefore the position of the Governor entitlement to block change. "
    The House of Erbil student, on Wednesday (November 13, 2013), the Kurdistan Regional Government to set a date for provincial elections, stressing that the work of the provincial councils is an important criterion for democratic development in any country.
    Comes claim Arbil Council this after the President's remarks hired by the change in the province of Sulaymaniyah Dana Abdulkarim called for the need to hold the provincial council elections, saying that the current governor was appointed by proxy, and any proxy command should not continue for more than six months.
    It is noteworthy that the provincial elections in the region took place in 2005, have not been beyond any other despite the conduct of the elections in the rest areas of Iraq in 2009 and 2013, the Parliament of the region to extend the current session of the provincial councils for several times.

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2kiBIbhpv

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