Obama urges Maliki to follow a strategy to reduce sectarian violence and power-sharing
02-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Washington: Heba Qudsi
The meeting of U.S. President Barack Obama with Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki at the White House at a time when reports showed increasing levels of violence in Iraq to the worst level since 2008 without signs of calming the situation prior to the parliamentary elections scheduled for April 2014.
During Maliki's visit to Washington, which lasted four days, met Iraqi Prime Minister with a large number of officials in the White House and the U.S. State Department and the Pentagon, in addition to meeting with a number of lawmakers in Congress, notably Senator John McCain and Senator Carl Levin, last Wednesday, in order to get their consent for the deal to Iraq, including military helicopters Apache attack, stressing that it is necessary to face heavy weapons from al-Qaeda fighters.
Maliki has collided with severe criticism from members of Congress who have expressed concern over the escalation of sectarian violence and Maliki style in the face of Sunni opposition and demanded that Maliki's strategy of compromise with the Sunni minority rely on power-sharing and an end to punitive policies in exchange for support of the U.S. military who wishes it. And members of Congress have criticized the Iranian influence within the government of al-Maliki Maliki ignored calls for the United States to prevent Iran from using Iraqi airspace to support the regime of Bashar al-Assad in Syria. Maliki has answered indirectly criticized U.S. lawmakers in his speech before the United States Institute of Peace, stressing that Iraq maintained neutrality in the Syrian conflict.
The Maliki met with Minister of Defense Chuck Hagel and Chief of Staff of the U.S. Joint Martin Dempsey on Thursday evening, during the meeting, which lasted for an hour reviewed Maliki's political and security situation in Iraq and the importance of U.S. arms to strengthen Iraq's ability to prosecute terrorists, as he emphasized Hegel on the United States' commitment to support Iraq and enhancing security relations between the two countries and the importance of the role played by Iraq to maintain regional stability.
Washington has pledged to help Iraq in the fight against terrorist groups in Iraq and pledged U.S. Vice President Joe Biden's commitment to his country's support for Iraq, but stressed that Baghdad is in need of a broader strategy based not only on strengthening military arsenal of tanks and Apache aircraft.
Estimates of the Congressional Research Service that the United States has spent more than $ 800 billion on the war in Iraq. U.S. officials say that al-Maliki missed a lot of assistance provided by the United States has, including the Iraqi army, which was trained well by relying on Iranian-backed militias as part of the Iraqi security forces, a move that confirms some U.S. officials they promote Tehran's influence inside Iraq.
He has denied the Iraqi ambassador to the United States to Lukman Faily those allegations, denying unequivocally seek the Iraqi government to Iranian support and said: «There are many reasons for violence increasing in Iraq, and those reasons sectarian tensions rising in the Middle East, which operates terrorist groups Azkaúh and ignite violence between the different communities, which is a multi-dimensional issue, including also that the spread of violence from Syria to the outside, and affects on Iraq and the entire Middle East region. Faili stressed that the Maliki government has taken many steps to communicate with the year and to respond to their concerns.
On the other hand quoted «Wall Street» comments commander of U.S. forces in the Middle East, Gen. Lloyd Austin, who expressed growing concern the appearance of «base» dramatically in Iraq, Syria, and their ability to provide a safe haven in the region that stretches west of Iraq to Syria. General Austin said «if you would leave Iraq without the help we will find ourselves amid a regional sectarian conflict may continue for ten years.
And threw the commander of U.S. forces in the Middle East some of the blame for the worsening violence on the decisions taken by the Maliki government to exclude Sunni Muslims access to any real authority in the country with a Shiite majority. General Austin encouraged the idea of reviving the Sunni Awakening movement which is based on the U.S. program that the United States pay the salaries of the Sunni militias to fight al Qaeda militants, emphasizing that it could help in the face of growing violence in Iraq.
For his part, Anthony Cordesman Researcher Center Strategic and International Studies in Washington that al-Maliki looking for weapons and U.S. aid to deal with the Sunnis and threats extreme that resulted because of the repression carried out by the government against Sunnis and says: «United States is seeking to use paper arms and American influence to put pressure on al-Maliki to keep at a distance away from Iran and is committed to relations with moderate Sunnis and stop the suppression of the year in western Iraq that will push them toward sympathy with Al-Qaeda and extremist movements and reduce its relationship with the Shiite militias also seeks to alleviate the tension between the Maliki government and the Kurds ».
Iraqi demonstrators demanding Washington not to «support for al-Maliki weapons»
02-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
BAGHDAD - Hussein Ali Dawood
Saturday, November 2, 2013
Focused anti-government demonstrations on visiting Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, the United States, called Friday sermons, Washington not to support al-Maliki for a third term, and to be patient in the arming of Iraq, Khatib presented Friday in Fallujah, thanks to Congress.
Khatib said Friday in Ramadi (Anbar province) stronghold start of the protests, Sheikh Mohammed al-Karbouli in front of hundreds of protesters: «We address the all countries of the world, including the Arab and Islamic and نطالبها not to support al-Maliki for a third term.
He added that «Maliki proved that invalidates covenants, and it falsifies the facts, do not be ashamed of failure, which his administration for two», adding that «of the defect on the international community to believe al-Maliki, do not pay any attention to the crowd, which went on Rabatha more than ten months».
This was followed by Karbouli statement on behalf of the protesters stated that «reception Maliki in Washington disregard for the blood of Iraqis and disregard their feelings», describing the visit «step to improve the status of al-Maliki and his quest to get American weapons to try to hang onto a third term at the expense of the necks of innocent blood».
The statement warned of «arming the government at the present time in light of the violation of human rights (...) and weapons to support al-Maliki will make his absolute killing citizens.
In Samarra, said Khatib protesters Sheikh Samir Fouad said «Win the existence of the mobility of the protesters and Mrabotthm in yards sit-in, to prove to the world large as are Boagafthm peaceful innocent detainees and detention centers.
He pointed out that «the movement in front of record position history of the generations of time is meant ignoring the identity of Iraq, who led the Islamic civilization, and the movement and sit-ins will continue until the launch of detention and detainees from prisons and implement all the demands and give the usurped rights.
In Diyala province, said the imam and preacher of a mosque in the neighborhood of brothers teachers Sheikh Izz al-Din al-Kilani, said that «the protesters issue and the identity of owners, and proved to the world that they are the owners of history right and they want to gain rights in a peaceful and legal ways does not raise arms».
He added that «the Sunnis and the community have suffered since the occupation of Iraq from the sideline and deportation, murder and displacement», and attributed the cause to that they «representing Iraqi Iraq, they stood face of the occupation and the project's external works to tear the social fabric and the division of the sons of the same country».
Petraeus: .. Iraqi politics overwhelmed by a lack of trust because of the government's actions against the Kurds and Sunnis
02-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad / Abdul Khaliq Ali *
The first episode
Look news coming from Iraq is grim once again, where the resurgence of the base - which diminished at the end of sustaining momentum in 2008 - to the rise of terrorism ethnic and sectarian in Mesopotamia, where the civil war in Syria led to complicate matters greatly by helping jihadists on both sides of the border, and for greater Iranian involvement in Iraq.
As the different actions carried out by the Iraqi government undermined the initiatives sustain the momentum in the reconciliation that reinforced the concept of the involvement of Sunni Arabs, and contributed to the success of the project. They also spurred government action prominent Sunni withdrawal from the government and prompted Sunni citizens to come out in protests to the streets as a result of all this, the Iraqi politics today soaked in mistrust and dysfunction.
This is not the way that on Iraqis behavior. In fact, there was a different future awaits Iraq at the end sustain the momentum in 2008. It seems that the case is still what it was in December 2011 when I left the last pieces of the U.S.; with this, it has been the only other possible future if the political leaders have benefited from the opportunities that were available.
It is sad that a number of those opportunities has dissipated, and that political rivalries and ethnic sectarianism procedures again awakened fears of Sunni Arabs in Iraq and created, until recently, have great difficulty in the relationship between the Baghdad government and the leaders of the Kurdistan Regional Government.
In order to understand the dynamic in Iraq and the possibilities that still exist, it is necessary to refer to what actually happened during sustain the momentum - a date to be explored today in a book soon to be released authored executive officer then retired Army Col. Peter Mansoor, who is now a professor of military history at the University of Ohio. Colonel Mansour says:
The voltage is the most important and biggest challenge in my life 37-year-old military is to lead the alliance's military effort during sustain the momentum in Iraq for the years 2007 and 2008.
It was a painful situation in Iraq at the end of 2006, when President George W. Bush's implementation of an optional sustain the momentum and to its leadership. In fact, when I returned to Baghdad early February 2007 and found that the conditions there were worse than I expected.
The deterioration مستحكما since I left for Iraq in September 2005, and violence - which escalated dramatically in 2006, on the eve of the bombing of المرقدين in the city of Samarra - out of control completely, as the rate of attacks 50 attacks and three car bombs per day in Baghdad alone, and it was clear that the plan hand over security tasks to Iraqi forces do not benefit from them.
At the same time, the sectarian battles in the streets reflected during the fighting in the Iraqi government and the House of Representatives, Vetoldt a result of these conflicts political environment where a lot of bugs, where a lot of oil pipelines damaged or destroyed, and electricity poles falling on the ground, the roads in deplorable condition , local markets are closed, government officials and citizens fear for their lives, and decreased government revenues, basic services were not sufficient at all. Life was in a lot of areas of the capital and the rest of the provinces are almost paralyzed.
In addition to these challenges, you're sure that if you did not get significant progress by September 2007 - the scheduled time for my return to the United States to give Bavadta before Congress in an open hearing -, the remaining limited support in the United States for the efforts in Iraq will evaporate.
In short I bet President Bush last years of his presidency and Barthh, to sustain the momentum and progress was left for those who are on the ground. In the end, that was what we did together - military and civilian, coalition and Iraqi forces -. But as I got used and my partner diplomat Ryan Crocker - U.S. Ambassador to Iraq - to recall that "all the situation in Iraq has been difficult all the time."
Sustain the momentum troops and ideas
Sustain the momentum was made up of a lot of particulars, most notably of course the additional deployment of U.S. troops committed by President Bush - nearly 30 thousand fighters -.
Without those forces we could not progress as fast as we did. Because of the need to make progress expected by the hearing in September 2007, it was better before that date is critical.
As far as the importance of maintaining the momentum of forces, there was what I called I "sustain the momentum of ideas" - a change in overall Stratejatna and operational plans. The most important of these was the transition from trying to deliver security duties to Iraqi forces to focus on the security of the Iraqi people.
Bigger ideas that topped strategy through sustaining the momentum was explicit recognition that the most important area in the campaign is the domain of the human - the citizens - and our mission was more important to improve their security situation, Valthassan security in turn will provide the leaders of Iraqi political opportunity to conclude agreements on issues that would reduce ethnic conflicts and sectarianism and to establish the basis on which it can build other efforts to improve the lives of the Iraqi people and give them a stake in the success of the new state.
However, the improved security situation can only be achieved through the transfer of our forces into urban areas and rural communities centers. In the first two weeks you change the mission statement in the campaign plan to reflect this.
As indicated in that statement, issued by the directory after I receive shortly leadership, that we "live with the people" in order to ensure their security. This meant switching integration of our forces on the basis of large prevailed since the spring of 2004.
At the end of the day, necessitating a change in the approach to the establishment of more than 100 small outposts and security stations was three-quarters in Baghdad alone.
The establishment of each new rule requires a battle, and some of those great battles. We knew that Sunni insurgents and Shiite militias will do what they can to prevent our soldiers from establishing a presence in areas of the warring factions were trying to control them - and our troops were in dire need of these areas more than others.
Needless to say, insurgents and militias, they will do their best to prevent us from establishing our new operational bases, and sometimes even using multiple car bombs in attempts to penetrate the perimeter outposts. But since our goal is to reduce the violence there was no alternative to coexistence with people, especially in high-violence areas in order to protect them.
The men and women on the ground - with the participation of Iraqi partners - including required to achieve the goal with courage and with denial and skill. Our motto became "cleansing, musk, construction" - unlike the previous practice included clearing the area of insurgents and then left after the delivery of a security mission to Iraqi forces, which have proven their inability to sustain the progress in the cleared areas.
Then, Gen. Ray Odierno, commander of multinational forces in Iraq, and كادره developing and overseeing the implementation of these concepts and other principles brilliantly operational.
In fact, in anticipation of the new approach, Odierno order to establish an initial joint security stations in the weeks before my arrival. Followed his successor, Gen. Lloyd Austin suit at the beginning of 2008 as the operational commander of the latter part of sustaining momentum.
Upon receipt of directives Corps, the teams and brigade commanders and headquarters to coordinate the implementation of these concepts, and the AMRO and Saraya cohorts and their soldiers to translate the new strategy and operational concepts into reality on the ground in the face of the enemy in the most difficult circumstances that can not be imagined.
But the new strategy that we have adopted was much more than just moving away from large bases and focus on the security of the people. Was to improve the security situation is necessary, but not sufficient to achieve our goals in Iraq. There were also many other tasks that we must accomplish.
In fact, the essence of sustaining the momentum was a comprehensive approach, a civil campaign - a military show features a number of important elements that complement one another. The idea is that the progress we are making in every part of the strategy makes gains in other parts as possible. Each additional step forward was gradually enhance the overall progress in a specific geographic location or the government sector.
It is clear that the forces sustain the momentum helped to accelerate the implementation of the new strategy and concepts operational accompanying; however Without changes in strategy, could not force additional gains in the security situation in other areas to reduce the levels of ethnic violence - sectarian, and without them we were not able to thus perpetuating maintain progress when the transfer of responsibilities to Iraqi forces and government authorities.
translation for Foreign Policy published by the "long" on the rings
BBC: Maliki re-echo of Saddam's rule and Washington merely recalling only
02-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
While visiting Iraqi Prime Minister and Washington, says the director of the Office of the BBC's North America, Paul Danahar, who was working in Baghdad during the US-led invasion, that the country that I left America behind the crusher and the men of the Middle East powerful Evthelon the muscles now.
Those who have no interest long-term well-established fine citizens of the state are the only ones who can run Iraq. Neither the country nor the structures of political forces which they can access almost naturally to this case without the intervention of foreigners. فالنزعة Arab nationalism when Saddam's Baath was a reaction to the insolence condescending to colonial rule.
All of the above is true also great about Syria. It is not necessarily to be the future of Syria as part of its current borders. But it is clear that the prospects for the future of the peoples of the two countries, after the revolutions of the Arab Spring, it is increasingly intertwined.
The first colonial experience of Iraq was in the hands of the British. The second experience in the hands of the Americans. Even if it was not the intention of America never find this experience, but this is the feeling created by the occupation.
Both forces, British and American, Ossta sectarianism in Iraqi politics by the British during their supervision on the creation of modern Iraq, Americans Banchaihm the political structures they left behind. And sectarian tensions in both Syria and Iraq, tearing the fabric of societies already fragile.
The Syrian civil war violence has an impact in Iraq, which in turn affects Syria goes like this course. No one knows how to stop it.
No, but most importantly, no one wants to be stopped, if this requires engaging personally. Those who might be able to bring about a change had tried something similar in the past. And failed and assigned these things are expensive.
"My friend, if you think we will spend a billion dollars of our money there, you are sadly mistaken." And "there" meant Iraq. This was a man who speaks a Moguen accent, even weeks before the 2003 invasion led by the United States, that Iraq will not be a burden on the American money, is Donald Rumsfeld, U.S. Secretary of Defense at the time.
Ten years later, a study conducted by the Brown University that the war cost the United States 2 trillion and two hundred billion dollars.
In spite of the money and the blood that America's efforts in Iraq, but now little influence in it, and almost in the chaos of Iraq now as it was the case at the height of the civil war that ravaged most parts of the country. Iraq is now wrecked. It is because the conditions of crusher has never been addressed.
The United States has entered Iraq at Bad, and the Iraqi point of view I came out too bad himself. That out was the right thing had to be done because by December of 2011 arrived استثقال and they are to a large degree.
But in spite of that the United States bears a heavy responsibility in Iraq, but the Iraqi politicians, who took things then, bear the same responsibility. Iraqi politicians have proved they are unable to completely build democratic institutions accountable. And rampant corruption.
And if this was not bad enough, the current year has witnessed a significant increase in sectarian violence, much of it attributed to a campaign of bombings carried out by al-Qaeda in Iraq. The United Nations estimates that more than 5000 civilians have been killed this year alone.
In the past week, he stressed the man who tried to stop the first civil war in Iraq, the dangers in Iraq steeper sloping rapidly toward civil war now.
More U.S. soldiers fame in the modern era, Gen. David Petraeus, wrote an opinion article in the magazine Foreign Police urging Iraqi leaders to act before it is too late.
The article was entitled "How we won in Iraq." There is no doubt that Gen. Petraeus chose the title because the United States did not win in Iraq.
Strategy of "momentum" of U.S. troops to quell the violence was a success because it created the environment that allowed the Americans to leave. Did not solve any of the fundamental problems in the country.
In response to the growing violence, said Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to Washington to ask for an increase in military assistance, which he says he needs to fight extremists.
The problem is that many Iraqis see part of the problem and not part of the solution. He accused a group of senators, including John McCain, in the last week, al-Maliki, who draws a lot of support from the country's Shiite majority, to "follow the agenda of sectarian and authoritarian", paid the Year "into a weapon of al Qaeda in Iraq."
Many see echoes of Saddam's rule by virtue of al-Maliki. Iraq is the reason that make the current U.S. president everything he can to avoid getting involved in the Syrian conflict. Iraq is the cause of most Americans deal with him in this case.
The American people cumbersome burdens emotional, physical and financial responsibility upon by the war which they fought in Iraq and the ongoing war in Afghanistan.
Clear from listening to the debate in the United States that the American people are convinced that the military do anything in the Middle East is the first step down to the slider will inevitably Bashbabhm the and Habathm to fight in another war in another country do not die from them.
As the President Obama's critics have accused him of excessive learned from the lessons of Iraq, which they believe led to the confused do not approach the policy on Syria.
This is something that is just because there was an existing policy. In the post-Iraq war policy was to "we do not نتورط", and is unlikely to change in the era of the current U.S. president.
So Maliki may get some new weapon from his meeting with Obama. It is without any doubt they would say his secret that he governing for all the people and not for the sake of who share his doctrine only or point of view.
Perhaps Septsm and agree on what they say to him, and then ignores advice on gladly accept any help that might come to him from America. The world knows that America has lost the desire to foreign adventures. This is a great concept strongly in the Middle East. The threat sincere "but" practically disappeared from the U.S. foreign policy. And if he's "mighty men" new era after the Arab Spring, such as al-Maliki in Iraq, and General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi in Egypt, a certain spring to them in their stride these days, it is because the current time is not bad for authoritarian tendencies. Men of like these know that no one around at the moment really wants توبيخهم the.
Southern provinces form a broad front to face the challenge Maliki its mandate
02-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad / Wael grace
Local officials in the provinces south of the country that their provinces will not easily give up the new powers granted to them, and confirmed their intention to form a broad front to appeal is rejected by the government to the Federal Court to cancel the powers of the provinces, and revealed that they would respond to challenge the government appealed against the complaint to the court to disrupt the Constitution by government, which disrupted the constitutional powers of the provinces 8 years ago.
The second amendment, which challenged the Council of Ministers, legislation angered team Nuri al-Maliki last summer, and is considered a revolutionary step for the application of the principle of decentralization, which stated in the Constitution, and remained a dead letter, and treatment parliament after claims severe, especially deputies from Basra, Nineveh, where he participated in the writing of the amendments advisers Experts from Canada and in the federal systems.
A member of the provincial council in Basra, Ahmed Al-Sulaiti said in an interview with the "long" yesterday that in the case accept the appeal submitted by the government on the law of the provinces, as amended, will complaint against the government and the House of Representatives, to disable the Constitution since 2005, and so far, pointing out that "Article 110 of the Constitution describes the the powers entrusted to the federal government, "adding that" a lot of ministries exercised powers not of competence, "adding that its existence is a waste of public money.
He Sulaiti, a member of the Board of Basra for two that "the powers exercised by those ministries violation of the Constitution and that the parliament and the government malfunction transfer of powers eight years ago," pointing out that "the parliament proceeded law depending on the materials stipulated in the Constitution," and urged the Federal Court and the government not exceeded Constitution and circumvent it.
Article (110) of the Constitution provides that "federal authorities will have exclusive powers in the formulation of foreign policy and diplomatic representation, and the development of national security policy and implementation, policy finance, customs, and issuing currency, organizing trade policy across the boundaries of the regions and provinces in Iraq, and the development of the draft budget general and investment. "
While an article (115) that "all matters not stipulated in the exclusive powers of the federal authorities, the validity of the regions and governorates that are not organized in a region, and other powers shared between the federal government and the regions, the priority in which the law of the regions and governorates that are not organized in a region, in the case the differences between them. "
To the Deputy Chairman of the Board Babil province, Aqil al-Rubaie in connection with the "long" yesterday that "amend the law on provincial councils of important laws and rare in the march of parliament, which was unable to legislation that many of the laws," expected "to circumvent the law of the provinces, were also circumvent election law, retirement and other laws, "adding that some ministries" does not accept the withdrawal of powers, "and want to keep their powers in the appointment and the implementation of projects to gain popularity in front of the public.
He predicted the Vice Chairman of the Board of Babylon that "the provincial council would not be together against a decision to challenge the law," because there are some members who have represented government Bechtel and ministers, سيحرصون not to the intersection with the positions of the bloc, "adding that he" concluded that this expectation by some Members in Babylon did not issue any permit them even today regarding the appeal submitted against the law of the provinces, "while the blocs are likely to be" unrepresented "in government is the most objection.
For his part, Deputy Chairman of the Board of Najaf province Luay Yassiri that "the projects referred by ministries are the worst in the provinces can not be monitored," stressing that "the amendment of the law of provincial councils was the right to transfer the powers of the service ministries to the provinces," said the "long" that " Najaf Council will press the government to withdraw the appeal and respect for the powers of the provinces, "adding that" the next meeting of the Council will be allocated to the amended provincial law and its importance for the province, and the session will be broadcast on local channels in Najaf. " Yasiri complained of bad projects referred by ministries in Najaf, and their inability to implement fines and withdrawal of labor from companies and contractors to the lack of powers of surveillance and confined at the Federal Ministry.
To that described member of the Muthanna province Wafa Abu Khch amend the law on provincial councils as "typical" and compatible with the Constitution, which gave powers of the administrative and financial local governments, said the "long" that "the Council of Muthanna and the rest of the provinces will be challenged in the Federal Court for the rape of the government and parliament for Human given constitutional powers to the provinces manage the financial and administrative affairs, "pointing out that" the Constitution gave the right of local governments, but Parliament and the Committee of the Regions parliamentary procrastinated to amend the law. " She Abu Khch that "the Federal Court is the most note of the Constitution, and can not accept the appeal, because the Constitution in Article 115 likely outweigh the provincial councils to the federal government in controversial issues," asserting that "Muthanna is one of the most provincial enthusiastic of the amended Act," which ensures the distribution of financial resources on the basis of "Mahromep" and not on the basis of the ratio of the population, and Muthanna of the poorest and most disadvantaged provinces. "
For his part, said a member of the Council of the province of Dhi Qar inside Radi "long" to "maintain a serious work literally based on the last amendment to the law of provincial councils," expressing his readiness his province and the rest of central and southern governorates to hold an extended conference to reject the appeal submitted by the government, "adding that" central and southern governorates recently agreed during a workshop Najaf Investment modify the law of provincial councils for the advancement of the provinces, "particularly since the law gives the powers that did not exist in the province through the management of resources and the allocation of land and control of projects.
Radi said that "Najaf and the rest of the provinces serious effectively to apply the law and not to abandon him in any way because it is a constitutional right," referring to Dhi Qar ready to file an appeal to the Federal Court for its powers.
The "long" revealed in a series of reports on complaints from most of the provinces south of the country on federal projects built in their cities, notably Khaddauha of corruption and the reluctance of the projects referred by ministries in most provinces, including the Ministries of municipalities, health and housing.
Call to speed up the issuance of the Islamic Banking Act
02-11-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad - Mostafa Hashemi
Expert called banking Samir النصيري, to speed up the issuance of the law for Islamic banks and to reconsider and amend other laws related to monetary policy.
He added النصيري in a statement to the (morning) that the establishment of a development bank and contribute to the funding of private banks and government to finance large-scale projects and the expansion of long-term funding formulas and the development of financial instruments currently in place will improve banking performance in Iraq.
Calling for the work and coordination with the World Bank to activate plans for the restructuring of State-owned banks and lay the foundations and pillars of Applied interlock between government and private banks in the areas of development and modernization in the banking business.
Among banking expert importance of twinning widespread among government banks and private banks, on the one hand and between international banks the other hand, in order to develop payment systems, banking and regulation of financial trading and cash them and the need to complete the project divided nationally. Pointed to the need to develop and expand banking services provided by banks, which has an average of up to (15) service down to (51) service contained in the provisions of Article (27) of the Banking Act No. 94 of 2004, in addition to taking the necessary measures that contribute to increasing density bank which currently stands at a bank branch and one for every 40 thousand people, which is low compared to the global standard for a bank branch and one for every 10 thousand people.
He stressed the importance for private banks to provide syndicated loans jointly and in excess of large capacity for developmental purposes lending any of them, what contributes to meet the demands of this type of loan. As well as the collection of bad debts by addressing credit concentrations, and focus the efforts of banks in the collection of overdue loans and debt repayment, and to develop appropriate financial reserves to cope with risks. He pointed out the importance of strengthening governance of commercial banks through the application of the Charter of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development on practices peaceful corporate governance. Said النصيري importance of establishing companies chock the banking business through the establishment of a company to guarantee deposits in private banks as well as the establishment of a company to ensure credit and follow-up and study the market risk. Calling to develop a plan to achieve future mergers between private banks to create large-scale banking units can occupy an important space of the local banking business.
For Immediate Release November 01, 2013
Joint Statement by the United States of America and the Republic of Iraq
In their meeting today at the White House, President Obama and Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki reaffirmed the strategic partnership between the United States and the Republic of Iraq and pledged to advance common interests to support a stable, secure, and prosperous Iraq and Middle East. They also discussed their shared commitment to enhance cooperation under the Strategic Framework Agreement (SFA).
The two leaders noted that it has been nearly two years since the final American troops departed Iraq and the United States and Iraq entered a new phase of their relationship, based on mutual respect and a shared commitment to build a strategic partnership between two sovereign nations. They recalled the thousands of Americans and Iraqis who have given their lives in our common fight against terrorism and extremism in Iraq. The President and Prime Minister renewed their determination to honor the memory and sacrifice of those killed by strengthening our joint long-term strategic partnership across the fields covered by the SFA, including security, diplomacy, trade, education, energy, culture, science, and justice.
Following the President’s meeting with the Prime Minister, Vice President Biden and Prime Minister Maliki convened the Higher Coordination Committee (HCC). This was the fourth meeting of the HCC since it was established in 2008 under the SFA.
The U.S. and Iraqi delegations discussed Iraq’s position as an emerging democracy in the region, leading energy producer, and a nation representing a diversity of social customs, religions, and ethnicities. The Iraqi delegation described the challenges Iraq faces due to its geography and the legacy of the former regime after decades of wars and international isolation. In this regard, both delegations welcomed the full restoration of relations between Iraq and Kuwait, expanding energy, security, and commercial ties with Jordan, and improving relations with Turkey. Both delegations also welcomed ongoing exchanges of high-level visits with Turkey, as well as a strategic dialogue to be held later this month between the United States, Iraq, and other regional partners, with an emphasis on supporting moderates and isolating extremists in the region.
The Iraqi delegation noted that with seventeen Arab embassies open in Baghdad, the Government of Iraq recently renewed an invitation to other Arab countries to open an embassy as soon as possible. In this regard, the United States welcomed the participation of the Iraqi Security Forces in joint exercises with regional partners over the past six months, including the Eager Lion exercise in Jordan, and surface warfare and mine countermeasures exercise in Bahrain. The United States pledged its ongoing diplomatic coordination under the SFA in these and other areas.
Countering Al-Qaida Affiliated Groups
The two delegations shared an assessment of al Qaida affiliated groups threatening Iraq, with particular emphasis on the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
The Iraqi delegation confirmed a comprehensive strategy to isolate ISIL and other extremist groups through coordinated security, economic, and political measures. This strategy includes security operations coordinated with local officials, and renewed efforts to empower local security structures, such as the Sons of Iraq, to mitigate extremist infiltration. Both sides emphasized – on an urgent basis – the need for additional equipment for Iraqi forces to conduct ongoing operations in remote areas where terrorist camps are located. The Iraqi delegation stressed its desire to purchase U.S. equipment as a means of strengthening long-term institutional ties with the United States, and confirmed its commitment to ensure strict compliance with U.S. laws and regulations on the use of such equipment.
Both delegations further confirmed the need for aggressive political outreach as a means to isolate and defeat ISIL and other extremist networks. They welcomed the national charter of social peace signed last month by political and religious leaders from across Iraq. Both parties welcomed calls to reject violence and sectarian incitement, and discussed the critical role of religious leaders as a force of moderation in the region.
Both delegations also noted the recent resolution from the Iraqi Council of Representatives stating that national elections would be held no later than April 30, 2014. The Iraqi delegation confirmed its commitment to holding these elections on time. Both parties emphasized the importance of the Iraqi government’s determination to hold elections on time and its support to the High Electoral Commission to ensure that the elections are well prepared. The United States offered its technical support in full coordination with the Government of Iraq and the United Nations.
The U.S. and Iraqi delegations reiterated the importance of Iraq’s future energy sector development and economic growth so all Iraqis can share equitably from its resources, as well as the valuable role that Iraq plays in providing a steady flow of energy resources to global markets. In this regard, the Iraqi side presented Iraq’s new five-year $357 billion development plan and their long-term vision for developing strategic infrastructure that provides energy system resilience and new commercial opportunities, with multiple oil export routes through the Arabian Gulf, Red Sea, and Mediterranean. The delegations welcomed the opportunity to expand cooperation on energy, including steps to advance these projects, at the next Energy Joint Coordination Committee in early 2014.
The Iraqi delegation confirmed its support for the Geneva II process and efforts to forge a diplomatic settlement to the ongoing conflict in Syria. The United States took note of the important role Iraq can play in helping to shape conditions conducive to a peaceful political settlement. The Iraqi delegation expressed its increasing concern about weapons coming into Iraq from Syria for use against the Iraqi people, emphasizing the need to take increasing measures to police its borders and airspace against the transit of weapons or cargo proscribed by applicable U.N. Security Council Resolutions, and called on all neighboring states to cooperate fully.
The Iraqi delegation stressed their desire to harness the U.S. private sector to advance mutual interests in Iraq and the United States. The delegations noted the signing earlier this year of the Trade and Investment Framework Agreement, which will help increase American exports to Iraq and provide more economic opportunities for the Iraqi people. Both delegations welcomed the steady increase in U.S. companies doing business in Iraq – including major corporations such as Citibank, Ford, General Electric, and Boeing. The Iraqi delegation expressed hope that U.S. businesses can have a prominent role in their country’s rapidly developing energy, transportation, banking, and health sectors. In this regard, both delegations looked forward to mutual trade events to be held over the coming months.
Education and Exchange Programs
The Iraqi delegation discussed their vision to strengthen their nation through education and exchange programs with an emerging generation. They noted that twenty-five percent of their population – nearly 8 million Iraqis – was born after 2003, and that the Government of Iraq is determined to give this generation educational opportunities inside Iraq and abroad, including at American colleges and universities. Both delegations agreed that the best way to honor our shared sacrifice over the past decade is to provide these young Iraqis with opportunities never enjoyed by other generations...
[11/1/2013 10:55:00 PM] MarcG.: The U.S. delegation noted that under the SFA and the educational programs established through bilateral Joint Coordinating Committees, the number of Iraqi students studying in the United States has grown to nearly 1,000 – and that a university fair last month in Baghdad attracted 30 U.S. universities and 2,000 Iraqi scholarship students.
The two delegations closed the meeting with a shared commitment to increase the numbers of Iraqis studying in the United States, in addition to strengthening other institutional ties beyond government-to-government ties, to include cultural, artistic, and scientific exchanges. Both sides again reflected on the sacrifice that has made this progress possible, while recognizing the very serious challenges that must be confronted together.
After meeting Al-Maliki: Obama must feel Sunnis, Shiites and Kurds that they have a voice in Government
Washington-Iraq press – 2 November:
US President Barack Obama said after meeting with Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki was encouraged to expedite the adoption of the law on elections in Iraq, adding that the elections should take place as scheduled.
Obama said that the Prime Minister visiting need to feel the Sunnis and Shiites and Kurds have the votes in the Iraqi Government and that everyone realizes that differences can be solved by understanding and policy without resorting to violence.
For his part, Maliki stressed after the meeting on the priority of the pleurotaceae Al Qaeda and terrorism in the region and said he had discussed this with Bush, Al-Maliki said there a strong tendency to hold elections as scheduled in Iraq.
Al-Maliki, concluded his visit to Washington four days instead of five days of scheduled and left the US capital on his way back to Baghdad.