Today is the National Day of Iraq. Located in Western Asia, Iraq is bordered to the northwest by Syria, to the north by Turkey, to the east by Iran, to the southwest by Jordan, and to the south by Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. Baghdad is the capital and largest city.
The population of Iraq is around 31 million based on a 2012 estimate. Around 75-80% percent of Iraq’s population
is Arab. The other major ethnic groups are the Kurds at 15-20%. Assyrians, Iraqi Turkmen, and others comprise the remaining 5%.
Iraq was occupied by a multinational coalition of forces, mainly American and British, during the invasion of 2003. Sovereignty was transferred to the Iraqi Interim Government in mid-2004. A new Constitution of Iraq was then approved by referendum and a new Government of Iraq was elected in October 15, 2005.
The major economic contributor in Iraq is the oil sector which accounts for about 95 percent of foreign exchange earnings. Iraq is second to Saudi Arabia with an estimated 143 billion barrels of proven oil reserves. Unexplored regions of Iraq could yield an additional 100 billion barrels.
We congratulate the people and government of Iraq led by Their Excellencies, President Jalal Talabani, Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, Vice President Tariq al-Hashimi, Vice President Khudayr Musa Jafar Abbas al-Khuzai, and its Embassy in the Philippines, headed by Ambassador Ahmed Kamal Hasan al-Kamaly, on the occasion of its National Day. CONGRATULATIONS AND MABUHAY!