Turkish-Kurdish ‘Peace Process’: Another Betrayal?
Turkish-Kurdish ‘Peace Process’: Another Betrayal?
By Hiwa Zandi
The unfolding ‘peace process’ between the Turkish government and PKK, resonated hope in Turkey and international community to finally bring an end to the decades old Turkish-Kurdish conflict.
While Kurds have embraced the initiative, most are suspicious of the Turkish government’s true intention. There are concerns that the Turkish political establishment may not act on its promises under the peace process. This emanates partly from the past experiences of Turkish deceit of Kurds in the 1920s and partly from the current Turkish military’s inconsistent measures that are incongruent with the undergoing rapprochement.
This article looks at the viability of the Turkish government’s peace process initiative. The article is divided into three parts. The first part looks at the Kurdish suspicions of the peace process based on the Turkish government’s historical deceit of the Kurds and current inconsistent measures taken under peace process. The second part reflects upon the Kurdish suspicions by highlighting the causal connections that prompted the Turkish government to initiate the peace process. The final part looks at the possible counter measures the Kurds could undertake to avoid vicious consequences.
He continued to caress Kurdish political simplicity until such times he could bury the chances of an independent Kurdistan,
2. Historical Betrayal
In the aftermath of the First World War, the treaty of Sèvres (10 August 1920) promised Kurds a State of their own. Kurdish political elites such as Sharif Pasha and Emin Ali Bedir Khan were drawing and negotiating the boundaries of the promised independent State of Kurdistan which would include large Kurdish areas of current South-East Turkey. Kemal Ataturk, the founder of modern Turkey, would see the circumstances irreversible unless he adopted strong political tactics painted with deep-seated social and religious values that could avoid such a development. He approached the Kurdish tribal and religious leaders alluring them to perceive the treaty of Sèvres as an imperialist plot devised to divide the Turkish and Kurdish brotherhood. He made false representations and promises for a future republic in which Kurds and Turks would possess equal rights and share power. He established a parliament in 1920 giving equal representation to the Kurds.
He continued to caress Kurdish political simplicity until such times he could bury the chances of an independent Kurdistan under the treaty of Sèvres through negotiating the new treaty of Lausanne (24 July 1923). Once the treaty of Lausanne was agreed, he brutally crushed the Kurds and run a campaign of extinguishing Kurdish identity from the newly established State of Turkey. He banned Kurdish culture and language, crushed Kurdish rebellions with iron-fist and killed several thousands of Kurdish civilians
3. Erdogan’s ‘Peace Process’
Premised on this bitter historical experience, it is therefore not surprising that the Kurds are suspicious of Erdogan’s so called ‘peace process’ initiative arguably aimed at resolving the Kurdish political problem in Turkey. Similar to Ataturk’s initial socio-religious indoctrination, Erdogan has also tried to charm the Kurdish minds by stressing on the Islamic concept of ‘brotherhood’ and collectively. In his several public addresses in Amed (Diyarbakir), Erdogan has emphasised Turkish-Kurdish ‘brotherhood’ and ‘unity’. He has undertaken to relinquish the Kurdish political and civil rights under the peace process.
Erdogan has also tried to charm the Kurdish minds by stressing on the Islamic concept of ‘brotherhood’
However, on the practical grounds, Erdogan’s statements and promises have not yielded any solid results. This is at a time when PKK has nearly completed its obligations under the first phase of the peace plan by declaring ceasefire and withdrawing from Turkey’s territorial boundary. The Turkish government has not responded by showing good faith or taking any major step to commence the second phase of the peace process. This would encompass freeing Kurdish political prisoners and making a series of fundamental legal reforms that address Kurdish political, cultural, social and economic grievances.
On the contrary, the process of restricting Kurdish culture and civil rights is continuing, thousands of Kurdish political activists are still holed in prisons and militarisation of Kurdish region is uninterrupted. Murat Karayilan, the PKK military commander, even voiced his concern that contrary to the peace plan the Turkish government is currently building further military outposts, increasing the number of paramilitary forces and preparing for a large scale war.
This lack of action or progress on the part of Turkish government puts viability of the peace process under question. It further adds to the Kurds existing suspicions about the Erdogan’s intention in initiating the peace process.
Hiwa Zandi is a lawyer, political commentator and Kurdish history researcher. He obtained bachelor of International Relations and Bachelor of Laws from the University of Queensland, Australia. He joined the Supreme Court of Queensland as a lawyer in 2010. Email: email@example.com
*** THIS MAY BE THE FIRST ARTICLE WHICH I HAVE AGREED WITH NASSIF ***
High Nassif: isolate Morsi is a message to the Iraqi people not to get involved in supporting the system of political Islam
13-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
The MP for the coalition in Iraq Free high Nassif that isolate Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi is a message given by the Egyptian people to the Iraqis warned of any support system adopts radical political Islam in the upcoming Iraqi elections.
He said in a statement moved the Information Office of the coalition: "The Egyptian experience in the rise of a radical Islamic organization to power and then isolated by the people but it is a letter sent to the Iraqis, Egyptians warned of involvement in support of such a regulation in the upcoming Iraqi elections."
She added: "We have proved to the regime of President Mursi during the period in which they took power in Egypt that the system possesses no future horizon and strategy of political and economic dimensions, Bakd what was the epicenter of the problems in Egypt and the Middle East."
She pointed out: "The Egyptian experience deserves to stand then consider the repercussions that eventually led to the isolation of Mercy for judgment, in light of attempts by some advocates of the project of political Islam in Iraq climb on the shoulders of citizens and impose their theories and ideas to the Iraqi political arena, it was this experience a lesson Free Iraqi us not fall into the error, which occurred when the Egyptians. "
Yesterday I heard America’s National Public Radio quote Tariq Ramadan, an Oxford University professor of Islamic studies and grandson of the founder of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood.
Dr. Ramadan lamented the recent events in Egypt, stating something along the lines of “Islamists and secularists must learn to live together and accept each other” (I can’t find a transcript of his exact words, but this was the gist of it if memory serves me faithfully). This probably strikes people as a very reasonable view, akin to “we must learn to make peace, not war.”
Secular and Islamist co-existence, however, is a contradiction in terms. Islamists, by definition, engage in politics in order to insert religion into the realm of public policy. If this were not their objective, they would simply be religiously devout politicians in some other political party. Also by definition, secularists believe in not allowing religion to dictate public policy. We might just as well wish for the Klu Klux Klan and African Americans to get along.
Some readers may, at this point, exclaim “Wait! There are many different kinds of Islamists, as well as different sorts of secularism!” As far as I can tell, however, there are only really two kinds of Islamists–the patient, “play by the rules” kind, and the impatient, “take power by any means” kind.
Of course there are many, many different interpretations of Islam and Islamic law and varying levels of enthusiasm for imposing religious rules throughout a society. In both kinds of Islamism, however, the same basic logic applies: a view that religion enjoins what is right and forbids what is wrong, and that these things should be translated into public policy one way or the other…
Though I highly esteem Mr. Romano and follow he and Rudaw closely for their excellent handle on the situation in Iraq…I have to disagree (to a certain extent) with him here…
In my opinion there are three types of Islamists…
The Secularist Muslim - This group is not so different from the Easter and Christmas Judeo-Christian follower (the Bubba believer). They show up on holidays and enjoy the festivities but their commitment goes little farther.
The Moderate Muslim - These are likely the “true secularists” Romano is referring to. They are followers but don’t mind “taking liberties” based on their own opinions – particularly in the arena of politics (which is why we’re on the subject). This group also prefers an “affiliation” mostly for the socio-economic benefits (or political – whichever way you want to look at it).
The Fundamentalist - This is the group to be fairly concerned with (and there are lots more of them than you think). They read the book, study intently and do (or intend to) as it says. Here in lies a troubling conundrum – particularly if you have read the book.
The main “hot bed” of Shia fundamentalism seems to have been coming out of Iran. I bring this up to point out they have been losing some influence lately and are making very quick and serious moves just recently to “bolster” (or at least limit their losses) their influence in the new “environment”. I believe this will go well for us in the near future. BGG
Liberals: strategically we will announce an alliance with the Supreme Council elections and enter 2014 a joint list
13-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Baghdad / Mohammad Sabah
Said one senior source in the Sadr movement that the next few days will see the announcement of the formation of an alliance strategic with the Islamic Supreme Council to be representative of the Shiite real in the country, pointing out that the coalition will be at the level of provincial councils present and coordinate positions within the parliament as a prelude to enter into a unified list in the legislative elections coming in 2014, stressing that the alliance will seek to correct past mistakes and will open on all the political blocs.
The source said in remarks to the "long" yesterday that "the next few days will witness the announcement of the formation of a new strategic alliance between the Sadrists and the Supreme Islamic Council," he said, adding that this alliance will run for the next parliamentary elections scheduled for 2014.
He noted the existence of talks between the united bloc and the Kurdistan Alliance and the Iraqi List, with the Sadrists and the Supreme Council for the Federal Court to pass a law and follow the law of the mandate of the Prime Minister, as well as the development of the formation of the next government. The source explained that "the Alliance strategic between the Supreme Council and the Sadrists, who began rooting frameworks cooperative on all ports and fields and at all levels," adding that "blocs of the Liberals and the citizens have decided to support the rules and popular movement and private demonstrations are currently in the tidal Nasiriyah that object to the formation of local government to coordinate more. " The source pointed out that "the Sadrists and the Supreme Council and through this alliance سيبعثان a message that the alliance is not limited to certain positions, but will include Parliament, the provinces and the upcoming legislative elections." He pointed out that "the coalition will run for the next parliamentary elections scheduled for 2014, as well as a reflection on all the provinces and offices, in addition to that it would be truly representative of the Shi'ite Islamist parties, which was limited earlier ruling on the Dawa Party and a coalition of state law." He explained that "this alliance will open on the ingredients and other political blocs, including the united and the Iraqi List and currents civil order configuration to form the next government with the participation of the Kurdistan Alliance," adding that "This is a message based on ideological and political come to unify الكملة and provide service to the citizen." The source pointed out that "there is a common denominator between the parties which is seeking to form this alliance is to build a civilized country able to provide services to citizens," adding that "the idea of the regions with some political blocs came because of the lack of services for their citizens, and if the formation of this alliance will enable ease great divide, as evidenced by the ease tensions after the formation of local government in Baghdad and Diyala province of the same blocks (the Sadrist movement, the Supreme Council, united, Iraq, and the Kurdistan Alliance). "
He added that "the intention is to get off at the electoral list of the Sadrists and the Supreme Council for contesting the upcoming parliamentary elections and then enter the post-election with other national powers," stressing that the next few days will witness the announcement of this alliance. He stressed that this alliance and coordination between the various political blocs, of his duties will be disputed pass laws, including the Federal Court and follow the law of the mandate of the Prime Minister, away from the coalition of state law. The leader Moqtada al-Sadr earlier, that the coalition between the Liberal bloc and the mass of the citizen "strategic and not limited to politics, and expressed hope that these policy" with equal erase authoritarianism and individuality, "and while pointing to his quest convergence of views between the grass roots of the blocks and "erase what was due to hate." revealed the Sadrist movement, last week for a "coalition of the strategic" between him and the mass of the citizen and the Kurdistan Alliance and the list of Iraq and are united to form the federal government to come, while stressing that it would not deal with the United States if they took the candidate him office, denied Ktlta citizen of Kurdistan and the existence of such an agreement, although not ruled out in the future, as advised deputies and analysts Sadrist movement "not to think about the job" if they intend to actually not dealing with the United States. Moreover, member of the Supreme Islamic Council Hamid Almala about having dialogues and understandings between the various political forces and in particular the Sadrist movement in order to create the governments, both at the local level Aualbrlmana be strong and able to provide services. said Almala a former deputy of the Supreme Council for the "long" that "the Alliance strategic undisclosed after مانريده is the participation of the blocks political believes in the need to provide service to the citizen. "
And saw the provincial political Convergences and strong strategic alliances between the Liberal bloc of the Sadrist movement led by Muqtada al-Sadr, and block citizen of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, led by Ammar al-Hakim, was formed on the track most of the boards of central and southern governorates, including the capital Baghdad
Zebari: Iraq between two fires .. Iran and America
13-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Iraq's foreign minister likely in an interview with Al-Sharq al-Awsat and the presence of Russian American understanding on the survival of Assad until 2014
Paris: Michel Abu Najm
Revealed Hoshyar Zebari, the Iraqi foreign minister that the parties propose to heal the Conference of European 'Geneva 2' on the sidelines of the General Assembly of the United Nations in New York in September next year. However, he cautioned that such an option سيفرغ Conference content and سيحوله of the meeting is the impact or importance. The minister said that his Syrian counterpart Walid al-Moallem request from Iraq during his visit to Baghdad last month deposits and financial crude oil at preferential prices. But Iraq refused to respond.
Hoshyar Zebari said in a lengthy interview with Al-Sharq al-Awsat on the occasion of his visit to Paris, the first task is concentrated to clarify Iraq's position on the Syrian crisis and show that the reality between two fires: Iran and the United States. But he is committed to neutral position different from the self-distancing.
Zebari pointed out that he had informed Westerners that his country is able to stop the transfer of weapons from Tehran to Damascus if it exists, and called on them to stop if they are contrary to the resolutions of the UN Security Council, which prevents the entry and exit of arms from Iran.
With Zebari ruled out foreign military intervention in Syria, the likely presence of Understanding U.S. - Russian to keep Assad in power until the end of his term next year.
Zebari ruled out for a difference in visions or interests between the Syrian regime and Iran, but called to wait Hassan Rohani recognizes his responsibilities and the formation of the new Iranian government and the delegation's top nuclear negotiator to clarify the prospects for the new Iranian policy and its implications for regional and Syria.
And the internal situation in Iraq and the proliferation of security bombings and high numbers of deaths and casualties, Zebari considered that there is a shortcoming of the government and its organs. But he ruled Iraq sliding into civil war or sectarian lines. The following is the text of the interview:
I have met in recent days with a wide range of foreign ministers and Western officials in NATO and the European Union. Is your view there is a clear vision of what to expect Western developments and future situation in Syria?
- Through intensive contacts with the Security Council and Europe, and even with the regional and Arab countries, have not seen me, and with great regret, that there is no clear vision in terms of how to deal with the Syrian crisis or put an end to the bloodshed and destruction daily. The main reason is the lack of international will to act in order to stop this tragedy. Of course, this is linked to the situation of the international economic situation in many countries of the decision.
* In other words?
- I mean that in the United States, there is an economic crisis and there management is keen to get away from everything that would lead to outside military intervention or even for humanitarian reasons or justifications purely American. The Europeans, they are unable to move independently of the Americans. Also, the regional countries interested near the Syrian opposition and the field the Syrian situation, it is able and is not eligible to be her leadership. There is a team exists but lacks 'Captain' to lead the process of change and transition, or a political settlement. Add to that the Syrian crisis more and more complicated day after day, and no one has any control over the situation on the ground, neither the opposition nor the system. And here lies the face of risk, which warned him since the early days of the outbreak of the Syrian revolution. All currently holds the Geneva Conference 2 project as a result of an international consensus Russian - American.
But through our recent shows us that the chances of holding the above-mentioned conference fallen so much it can not be held this month or even next month. There are those who suggest between European countries held on the sidelines of the General Assembly of the United Nations in September next year. In our view, this conference loses a lot of its importance.
* Is this a serious proposal?
- The idea put forward. If you won the conference in this way, it will be a quick meetings on the sidelines of the General Assembly and a mere declaration known positions.
* Problem regarding the Geneva 2 that there is a dispute on the agenda and another on the fate of President al-Assad as well as the opposition refuses to go to Geneva before «rebalance the field?
- It is true there is a debate about who represents the regime and the opposition, as well as on external parties on the agenda and powers .. We advised the system when visited by him delegation headed by Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem last month and also advised the opposition not to set preconditions for it will not satisfy in any case the other party whatsoever. The Syrian government has announced its participation in the Geneva 2 of Baghdad.
During our meetings with the Syrian delegation, we asked them: What do you accept submitted at the negotiating table? The answer was: ready for everything except put the departure of Assad, who reject absolute refusal. This is a red line. Also refuse to disarm his powers as commander in chief of the armed forces and is responsible for the security forces. But we repeated the question: What do you suggest? They answered: We are ready to form joint committees with the opposition in order to write the constitution and the electoral process and the electoral law and participation ..
Any accept the establishment of technical committees. Our response was that they have to reduce their positions if they wanted to actually participate 'in the conference' to reach a political solution as this may be the last opportunity.
At the time was a short battle at the beginning and the delegation was confident of victory. But our response to them was: The battle Hsemtem in the short and Homs, Hama and Deir al-Zour and rural areas of the Levant and other, what are you going to do then? The opposition has said: Suppose you Astadtm balance and Astadtm the town or towns, what next? What are the goals that the opposition may be achieved if the system remained standing?
I would like to say in all honesty that the current war in Syria has become a war of attrition. Regional war in every sense of the word, and perhaps broader than that. It is administered through agents. The problem in the Syrian crisis because there is no consistency in the process of supporting parties. There is an imbalance in the sense that Russia's position clear and explicit: Support of all kinds and arming of various types of weapons. Iran and Hezbollah have similar positions. While on the other side, the pro-opposition party has no willingness to enter direct confrontation. So the war pass through the agents. Or through a limited covert operations inside Syria or to provide some intelligence and some financial support. However, there is no possibility of 'Today' to change the system.
I would like to point out that we are today in Iraq, in the most difficult situations and our mission was during this European tour to نوضحها and Europeans understand that they interpret the positions of the Syrian crisis wrong.
* How so?
- We say that we are caught between two fires: the fire of Iran, a powerful neighbor, an ally and friend of the hand. On the other hand, the fire of the United States of America which is also our ally. Our problem is how to maintain our position and حياديتنا is to be dragged to this party or that.
* You are also self-distancing School?
- No, not from this school. We want to have an independent opinion and to be neutral, but other than that dissociate ourselves because the situation in Syria is affecting us.
Another false information about the Iraqi position, which we seek to correct it. The first things that we do not provide any weapons to Syria. We also do not offer any money or any financial deposits of the Central Bank of Syria. We also do not offer any crude oil at preferential prices to Syria. When we received the Syrian delegation to Baghdad gave those requests. Our response was that we are not able to because there are international obligations we have to be respected as we were at that time under the provisions of Chapter VII.
The second error is common for Iraq, we make it easy for volunteers to go to Syria to fight or defend Shiite centers. This issue is not denied, but to say that this is not going to encourage, support or approval of the government.
* Do you want to say it's just the individual initiatives?
- Exactly. Some of the militias and some of the actors associated with Hezbollah and other militant Shiite organizations could be involved militarily. But we do not support that does not agree with him more than a statement issued on the subject. Joe Biden, U.S. Vice President Prime Minister Maliki Light this subject. For our part, emphasis was placed on the position explained by you.
* But there are other suspicions, including that Iraq facilitate or turn a blind eye on the transfer of Iranian weapons to Syria through its airspace?
- We moved since last September, we began to arbitrary inspections of Iranian and Syrian aircraft. And materials that we discovered is not 'lethal' because it is a metaphor for the equipment, medicines, food .. In all honesty say that these planes may incur is what I said. But we do not have the means to deter and air defense systems and military aviation, which prevents get such things «any transfer of arms».
I said to Westerners: If you want to prevent the bridge Iranian airspace over Iraq to Syria, do.
* But not required of you to prevent the Iranian or Syrian aviation to fly in Iraqi airspace, but make sure not to transfer weapons and military gear?
- We say to the Iranians:We do not want you that you will use your relations with us for the transfer of any weapon to others. Reached this position of Tehran, a position advertised. And more than that, we said NATO two days ago and accepted by the members of the Security Council and a narrow members of the Syrian people: We reject and condemn the transfer of arms across the skies and we will inform the Iranian side formally, but we do not have the ability to stop it.
And added: If you imagine that these trips are contrary to the resolutions of the Security Council arms embargo, which refuses to exit and prevent arms from Iran under Chapter VII resolutions, I invite you on behalf of the government to help us to stop these flights over Iraqi airspace.
* Westerners know that Iraq has asked Iran to refrain from the transfer of arms across its airspace and that he do some inspections, but they can see that there are 'fluidity' in the application of these control procedures and commercial aviation is not to prevent Iran from flying in Ojoaúkm?
- Out of topic with Westerners is that they believe that there is a military airlift from Tehran to Damascus. And passes over Iraq. Iraq is: this does not get agreeing. Nor I have the ability and the potential to prevent the occurrence. If they wanted to stop so let them do.
* Do you repeat the request in your meeting with NATO in Brussels?
- Topic was raised and we answered. The fact that we have nothing to hide in Iraq.
* President Assad launched in recent days, some of the statements which understands that his regime has passed the danger stage and critical stage. This can be understood as a rejection of a political solution and it seems the subject of Geneva is not serious?
- The Syrian regime has regained the lead military. This began before the short-term. The starting point was in Damascus and Deraa area. Currently, Homs, Aleppo Mhasrtan. The system found that there is no international reactions «on what the system is like a military escalation and use all kinds of weapons and even chemical weapons or other practices.
In Jordan, for example, Washington proclaimed Patriot missiles and F-16 aircraft brought in .. But it turns out for the Syrian regime to foreign intervention, which was worried about him and that these will not get just a manifestation of procedures. In my opinion, it is a day has been agreed between the Russians and the Americans on the Geneva 2, it was on the understanding that Assad could remain in office until 2014 «until the end of his presidency.
* This is a tacit understanding, is not it?
- Yes, it was a tacit understanding. And research between the two sides were on the stage following the expiry of the mandate of the lion.
* What we do know that the Americans did not get from the Russian side on the promise that Assad will not be re-elected in 2014?
- Things are left open. It is constructive ambiguity. And appreciation, on the one hand, that the situation in Syria will not come to him only solution Syrians on the other hand that the intervention 'outside' who ran the people behind it will not be achieved. I do not read in the unseen. But I think it will not happen unless signed terrible things «major massacre, the use of chemical weapons is widely ..». Even in this case, the intervention awaited by many is uncertain.
* Next month will receive the Hassan Rohani presidency in Iran. Do I have a meaningful changes in Iran's foreign policy, especially about the file of the Arab Spring and Syria?
- I think frankly that the election of Hassan Rohani the majority of votes in the first session of a frank and clear Iran to the Security Council and to the European countries and the United States that Iran is serious about discuss the issue of the blockade, sanctions and nuclear file more seriously than the previous phase, but there was a possibility to disable results at least in the first phase.
Moreover, this large and popular momentum that emerged from the base of the reformists and the Green Revolution, youth and women push the Iranian leadership to act wisely and rationally.
But at stake is the formation of the Intergovernmental Panel and the negotiating team «in the nuclear file and the composition of the new government to be formed after the month of Ramadan. These elements will provide strong indications about the point of change in Iran: Is it in the direction of moderation and dismantling of Iran's isolation and address their problems, or in a contrary direction.
* It is known that the nuclear file in the hands of the guide as well as foreign policy. Is spiritual left to the sidelines to move?
- Everything in the hands of the leader. But the guide can be responsive to the public mood and opinion of the people.
* But he did not respond to public opinion in the last presidential election?
- The last time deliberately to decisiveness. If not resolved to the response was with him in another way. From a personal point of view, I tend to expect the pros from the receipt of spiritual power.
* Is the Iranian interests and the interests of the regime in Syria will remain identical or there given moment Stfterq the interests of each other?
- You will not get any divergence between the interests of the two countries. Let's remember that the Americans and the French tried to remove Syria from the Iranian axis. But this did not happen. They asked us our opinion and Ojbnahm that this can not happen and already failed attempts.
It is clear that Iran existential defend its interests in the eastern Mediterranean and Hezbollah, which is the line of confrontation with Israel and the 'possibility' extension in the region. So today is the fear of invitations to defuse sectarian conflict transplant Sunni - Shiite, which we consider most dangerous threatening Bastvhal of the conflict in Syria.
* What weights rapid developments in Egypt? The way out of the current situation?
- Required to hand over power as soon as possible to an elected civilian authority. African Union froze Egypt's membership. European countries as well as the United States is very embarrassing about what is happening in Egypt. There is no time window during which must be carried out quickly and the process of transferring power to the Government derived from the elections and only the Islamists will not surrender so so the stakes are high. We can see a very painful events.
See what is happening in Sinai and what happened to the Republican Guard barracks «in Cairo and elsewhere. We must remember what happened in Algeria «after the cessation of the electoral process in 1991 where many turned violent Islamic groups. I feel that the Egyptians and through their organizations and through their awareness can succeed in overcoming this ordeal and but whenever rushed in so the risk is less.
* Internal Iraqi situation
* Recently, the official warned the United Nations Mission for Iraq (Francesco Motta) from the outbreak of what looks like 'civil war' in Iraq, which reiterated the findings of other international envoy Martin Kobler the end of June following the completion of his mission in Baghdad, where he warned of that «the lack of dialogue will lead to disaster and that the conflict between Sunnis and Shiites« paralyze everything ».
Then there are numbers of the dead (2500 people) within three months. And all indicators are alarming. My question is:What is happening today in Iraq and why? Are you a victim of the Syrian situation?
- If we are to be honest in evaluating the image in Iraq, we must recognize the existence of internal security failures in terms of performance, this can not be justified at all.
It is the responsibility of the government is responsible for maintaining the safety and security of its people. There are shortened in government performance. There is terrorism. There are repercussions of the Syrian crisis. But we have the potential and capabilities, security and military.
* Where are these capabilities and what you do?
- Why poor security performance.
* But this is ten years ago?
- No, there are periods worse than other periods. But there are terrorist hotbeds exist and there are al-Qaeda and elements of the former regime and interventions in the Iraqi situation. However, I believe that all these considerations do not justify the fall of the high numbers of deaths and casualties at all.
However, I consider that Iraq will descend into a sectarian war as easily as envisaged by some people and so for a variety of reasons the first internal restraint.
In 2006 and 2007, we entered the civil war and sectarian Ogana the gates of hell but then retreat. This photo is stuck in the minds of all Iraqis. Despite the existence of Iraq's sectarian shipping, the fighting among Iraqis is not easy because of the overlap between families and clans.
For example, we can be found on the clan sons half of the year and the other half of the Shiites. We must point out that the Iraqi government with all its components stand against conflicts of this kind. Succeed in dismantling government crisis. See what happened in the last spring of the rally between the government forces and the peshmerga. Many waited for the outbreak of fighting. But the fighting did not erupt because each party pays the edge of the abyss and not into the abyss.
We do not deny that we are suffering from political crises, security, social, service-.. However, everyone agrees on crisis management. And avoid escalation and address what solutions can be processed pending elections next year.
* In Iraq, the issue of the presidency Matrouh as Matrouh Multi presidency of the Kurdistan region. What exit?
- We have the fact that presidential vacuum in Baghdad because of President Talabani's disease, the lips of God and there is a constitutional vacuum. But because of the status of President Talabani and his personality, no one dares to discuss this matter because of ethical reasons.
* But there is Iraq's national interest?
- Logically, I was supposed to get a move to find a replacement as the President patients since more than six months. But because of the aura that infuses and because of his strength of character and influence, no one raises the subject.
* Do I understand from your words that the subject of the succession of President Talabani will not ask until the end of his mandate in the month of February next year?
- This is the best a trend because no one would run what was left alive. It is in our view the best solution.
WOW!! THANKS CHATTELS.. I ENJOYED THIS INTERVIEW WITH ZEBARI ♥
Matsamu Samarra: We will continue sit-ins until the achievement of the demands and the government approved the amnesty law
12-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Range Press / Salahuddin
New Matsamu field of the right in Samarra on Friday, their commitment to continue the sit-ins until the achievement of demands, and demanded that all participants in the political process, the adoption of the amnesty law to fix what "spoiled decisions arrest," while calling for the release of, as protests Kirkuk spokesman Khaled Mafraji.
Said Sheikh Diab al-Samarrai preacher and in front of F (Ramadan is the month of victory and patience) in the field of the right Samarra, and attended (range Press), said that "the protestors صابرون will not abandon their cause and Salasmon fields sit and claim their brethren to the patience and continue to trail until the achievement of the demands that we went for it since more than seven months, "he said, calling that" the month of Ramadan, a month come to terms in which the souls. "
He called Samurai parliaments, politicians and the government of "the need to approve the general amnesty law, to fix what spoiled decisions arrest that led to the existence of thousands of innocent people behind bars," noting that "thousands of prisoners are innocent and oppressed, and we are in the month of cream requires the government to consider them and Trahmhm."
For his part, said a spokesman for the provincial six Duster, Sheikh Mohammed Taha Ahamdon in his speech to him after the end of Friday prayers that "sit the rest despite the high temperatures in Ramadan," noting that "Sheikh Mafraji on hunger strike for several days and call on the government to release him" .
The preacher of Samarra, confirmed in the 5 July 2013, to continue Balaatsamat in order to protect Iraq's Sunnis marginalized or underrated from any government or party, national or doctrine, and among the protesters continue their sit-in will not تضرهم bombings, pointed out that the protesters will not give up their careers even though it cost them their lives.
The coordinating committees mobility popular in Kirkuk, announced that, in (21 June 2013), for a special police force to the operations of the Tigris, arresting coordinator popular movement in the province Khaled Mafraji, during a raid on his home at dawn that day, in the village of Albu-Shehab, and called for the need to " immediate release of respect for the dignity of the protesters. "
Zebari: the crisis in Syria turned into a proxy war .. And opposition groups seeking to obtain chemical weapons
12-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Detection and Foreign Minister Huchar Zebari, all information that the Syrian opposition groups seeking to obtain non-conventional weapons, particularly chemical.
Zebari said in an interview with 'France 24': that there are countries and impede the parties hold a conference Geneva 2 in order to find a political solution in Syria.
The minister saw: that the crisis in Syria has turned into a regional war and a proxy war, refusing: to say that Iraq is on the brink of civil war, despite the high frequency of attacks by the 'terrorist groups' as he put it.
Amer Morshedi: personal best 12 changed the course of the history of Iraq since 2003
12-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Media Office combines the new Iraq
Amer said Morshedi Secretary-General of the pool of the new Iraq that 12 figure had a decisive influence in the Iraqi arena post-2003, and conducted surveys included politicians, leaders and citizens, clerics and tribal leaders, writers and journalists, the agreement was the most on the figures that we will review its history briefly, and it is important in these figures it has changed the course of events in Iraq have had to say, and the final word in the country .. First - Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani / supreme authority of the Muslims in the world, stands words pay homage and respect to him, is the safety valve for all the people of Iraq, and has imitators in Iraq and the entire world, and maintained the unity of Iraq with all its sects and ethnic groups, and not have all sects and beliefs, respect and reverence , and was still Iraq valve Secretary, and his take on the most political of Iraq and beyond its role beyond Iraq's borders. Secondly - Ayatollah Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim / cleric and thinker Muslim, gave a lot to the people of Iraq and has had a big role to drop the Juggernaut Saddam and his regime corrupt, and the best proof of the magnitude of the role of this world is greeted when he entered Iraqi territory in 2003 by the State of Iran was Reception wonderful PANEL Ptlasq masses with him and recognition of thanks salvation of the defunct Baath, was a giant in his life and in his martyrdom giant. Thirdly - Ahmed Chalabi / political figure prominently in the history of Iraq after 2003, and has had a major role to drop the fascist regime in the country, and Cal has a big role in changing the course of events in Iraq, but his views and theses Asdoua wide, I have more than him his disciples in all elections conducted in Iraq, but remained a big name in the arena of Iraq's political and reckoned him. Fourth - Iyad Allawi / great character and has a prominent role to drop the Baathist regime in Iraq and was able to configure the list of electoral won first place in the parliamentary election years, and graduated from its list of political leaders Atzamon now political blocs, and has good relations with world leaders and characterized his relationship with the government in Baghdad tension . V. - Nuri al-Maliki / ruler of Iraq and strong leader of the Dawa Party, which was submitted more than a million martyrs for the dignity of Iraq and the overthrow of corruption Baathist, Nuri al-Maliki ruled Iraq for more than 6 years, and in the years of his first was a sectarian fighting the most intense and could bravely that unifies rows and builds forces military was able to reduce this and fighting terrorism, which has intensified hit ferocity in his work and still exists and many to hit the sources of terrorism and still suffers from poor people services, especially electricity, will go down in history Maliki rule with all its attractions and the existence of evil. VI - Muqtada al-Sadr / Shi'ite leader and national, made a lot of Iraq and its people, his سيذكرها history with pride in the years of sectarian fighting in the country, while able to bravely with his brothers in the Sadrist movement to stop along the base and tails and break شوكتهم in various regions of Iraq, addresses Alan with his brothers to the most dangerous files that Iraq is currently facing a file administrative and financial corruption and بسواعد fervent, led by Bahaa al-Araji, Alshahyla and Zamili and others. VII - Massoud Barzani / personal Iraqi Kurdish extends named Ghali depths of history Kurdish, the head of the territory of Kurdistan and standing Kurdish people out of respect for his family history, which has provided hundreds of sacrifices for the Kurdish people and the whole of Iraq, his take in the whole political circles and impact of large and characterized its relations with the center tension , and as long as he threatened to secede from Iraq. VIII - Jalal Talabani / honorable history and great struggle lasted for more than 60 years, Ringer of the former regime, which is the current President of the Republic of Iraq, and is considered the key to many of the problems of Iraq, and not have all of Iraq's politicians respect and remains a big name one under generations. IX - Ammar al-Hakim / personal Iraqi national, has along the historic tradition, made a lot for the people of Iraq, particularly in recent years, is considered one of the main pillars in the Iraqi political arena, and depends moderation in all positions, and the adoption of attitudes and a large national, and founded the grand coalition includes many of the blocks political actors and is expected to be a significant in the near future and has good relations with most of the political blocs. X. - Osama Najafi / political figure has emerged in recent years, has a personal window and defender of his all ferocity of an Iraqi Parliament Speaker current, and has a significant weight in the political arena, and has international ties and wide, and is considered one of the fundamental pillars in Iraq policy, and achieved results expected in local elections and deteriorating relations with the government. Eleventh - Jaafar al-Moussawi / political figure judicial big issue named the media and tell Iraq when he was battling trial of the tyrant Saddam trial أزلامه, and served world opinion and the Arab and Iraqi force of his personality when he stood with courage to prosecute top corruption Baathist despite the threats and the external and internal challenges, and Mousavi theses national creative if introduced will be the time to solve many of the problems of the country. Twelve - Bayan Jabor / Personal large Iraqi ideas and وطنيتها, participated Bjhadih big drop corrupt regime, which ruled Iraq for decades, oversaw the three ministries are large and the interior, finance, housing, and succeeded in addressing the rule and regulations when he was interior minister, his principles maintained and fought for it, and is considered one of the planners of Iraqi politics after 2003. http://translate.googleusercontent.c...oRFlYEEZbi-CSw
Last edited by magnetlady; 07-13-2013 at 10:21 PM.
Oil and Gas Law Key to Resolving Issues Between Baghdad, Erbil
By: Abdel Wahed Tohmeh Translated from Al-Hayat (Pan Arab).
Iraqi Kurdistan Region Natural Resources Minister Ashti Hawrami said that the shares of oil companies operating in the region have exceeded $3.5 billion. He stressed the importance of the oil and gas law's enactment, and estimated that oil reserves in the three Kurdish governorates are at more than 45 billion barrels.
The Iraqi Kurdistan Region’s minister of natural resources denies accusations from Baghdad that the region is smuggling oil.
Publisher: Al-Hayat (Pan Arab)
Hawrami to Al-Hayat: Enactment of Oil and Gas Law Key to Resolving Outstanding Issues Between Baghdad and Erbil
Author: Abdel Wahed Tohmeh
First Published: July 11, 2013
Posted on: July 12 2013
Translated by: Sami-Joe Abboud
Categories : Iraq
In an interview with Al-Hayat, Hawrami said that the negotiations with Baghdad will be in accordance with the law, which determines the Kurdistan region’s financial share of federal revenues. “The provincial government informed Baghdad at the beginning of this year that the investing companies requested more than $3.5 billion [in shares], and they are constitutionally entitled to this,” he said.
♥ I know it SEEMS as if we are seeing the same articles over and over again.. but BELIEVE ME, if we watch them CLOSELY ENOUGH, we will notice NEW LITTLE NUGGETS in them. ~RL~
He denied Baghdad’s accusations that the region is exporting crude oil without coordinating with Baghdad, adding, “This is taking place under an agreement with Baghdad to export our production, on the condition that 50% of proceeds is deducted to pay companies’ dues, while the other 50% is kept by the state treasury. However, all the proceeds were seized.”
♥ They are exactly spot on here!! It IS MALIKI who does NOT want to give the Kurds their dues IMO. This was an agreement that the US and some others had a part in. Yet MALIKI NEVER IMPLEMENTED IT! ~RL~
He denied rumors of smuggling, saying, “There is no oil smuggling, we do not accept such cheap accusations. What was claimed is a legal entitlement and it came because we forbid them from grabbing it.” He criticized the current management of the country's imports, which “still follows the methods of the former regime and include laws that are imposed on us by force from the federal government.”
Hawrami demanded that the central government provide the region with the 55 million barrels of fuel “that we did not receive from 2004 to 2012, and that are needed for domestic consumption.”
Hawrami stressed the need to enact the oil and gas law, and said, “The law, which we are seeking to pass according to the constitution, will be the key for all the contentious issues between the two sides in the oil sector.”
♥ THIS IS WHAT I HAVE SUCH A HARD TIME WRAPPING MY BRAIN AROUND. It seems like such a simple solution. WHY are they not JUST DOING IT? ~RL~
During a joint news conference with Kurdistan Region of Iraq President Massoud Barzani on Sunday, July 7, Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki said, “There are no disputes between the federal government and the provincial government, it is merely a divergence in views regarding the Constitution.” Hawrami continued, “Most of the differences are political and they arise from the non-application of the Constitution in relation to the distribution of proceeds.”
Article 112 of the Iraqi Constitution stipulates: "The federal government with the producing governorates and regional governments shall undertake the management of oil and gas extracted from current fields provided that it distributes oil and gas revenues in a fair manner in proportion to the population distribution in all parts of the country with a set allotment for a set time for the damaged regions."
♥ THIS IS WHY THE CENSUS IS NEEDED!! They have to know the populous of EACH PROVINCE before KNOWING the amount of REVENUE to allocate.. LET'S SEE ARTICLES STATING COMPLETION OF CENSUS.. Then maybe we will see articles stating Implementation IN FULL of article 140 and HCL ~RL~
The article stresses, “The federal government, with the producing governorates and regional governments, shall undertake the management of oil and gas extracted from current fields provided that it distributes oil and gas revenues in a fair manner in proportion to the population distribution in all parts of the country with a set allotment for a set time for the damaged regions.”
Hawrami downplayed the importance of the pressure exerted by Baghdad on oil companies operating in the region to discourage them from implementing the contracts. “This does not affect the work of these companies and they are ready to continue despite the delay in payment of their dues,” he added.
“Crude oil reserves in the Kurdistan region, excluding the disputed areas, are at 45 billion barrels, and possibly even more. Yet the preliminary gas estimates are at 100 or 200 trillion cubic meters,” he said. Concerning his ministry’s plans to increase production in the coming period, he said, “The target production for 2015 is 1 million barrels per day, reaching 2 million barrels per day in 2019. As for the refining of crude oil and the production of hydrocarbons, they are estimated to increase to 150,000 barrels per day, and could reach up to 250,000.”
Regarding the political crisis in Iraq and the terrorism operations staining the country with blood, Zebari said, “Recently, many analysts felt that this country is headed to the abyss and underestimated the awareness of Iraqi leaders. However, these leaders will find solutions for the existing disagreements as per the constitution and the regulatory laws. Iraq has undergone civil war and strife, and it will not fall into the same trap again. Moreover, the current political dialogues and reconciliations in Iraq stem from an internal urge, not a foreign one, because the region is in the eye of the storm, and there must be internal immunity to face the storm.”
Iraqi Minister Explains Country’s Stance on Regional Unrest
In a meeting with NATO ambassadors and the EU Political and Security committee, Iraqi Foreign Minister Hoshyar Zebari expressed his country’s stance on unrest transpiring across the region.
Publisher: Al-Hayat (Pan Arab)
Deputy for National: increased political differences on the Law of the Federal Court
13-07-2013 | (Voice of Iraq)
Male leader of the Badr Organization, the National Alliance MP Karim Muhammadawi, that political differences on the draft law of the Federal Court, increased between the blocs, likely deported to the next parliamentary session.
♥ So PER Karim Muhammadawi, we may as well FORGET ABOUT the Federal Court law being passed during this session. (boooooo) ~RL~
He said Muhammadawi in a statement (of the Agency news): The law of the Federal Court the form of a major crisis in the political blocs and Azdat differences around him in the House of Representatives, noting: that the law presented to the meetings of the Council, but did not get consensus on some of its paragraphs, which led to postpone approval.
He explained: that the Presidency of the Council realized that it is not possible approval only in the presence of two-thirds of the members, and this can not be achieved only through consensus, expecting that the law does not recognize during the current parliamentary session and will leave for the next session.
Political sources suggest, to the possibility of passing laws broken, including the Federal Court Act, the criminalization of the Baath Party, oil and gas, accountability and justice, amnesty, etc., and the next parliamentary election law, and administrative demarcation of the border during the last year of the House of Representatives.