Al-Qaeda’s top leader has ruled against the merger of two jihadi groups based in Syria and Iraq, in an attempt to put an end to increased tensions and infighting among members.
Ayman al-Zawahiri’s ruling came in a letter addressed to the leaders of Syrian-based Jabhat al-Nusra and the Islamic State in Iraq (ISI), which is the largest jihadi umbrella group in the country.
Al Jazeera exclusively obtained a copy of the letter on Sunday from reliable sources in Syria.
The ruling comes two months after the leader of ISI, Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, declared a merger with al-Nusra to form the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), saying that al-Nusra was "merely an extension and part of the Islamic State of Iraq".
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Al Jazeera received an original copy of Zawahiri's letter to the warring Jihadi groups
However, the unilateral move led to defections, infighting and a breakdown in operations as members disagreed over who commanded the battlefield.
In the letter, Zawahiri said Baghdadi was "wrong" to declare the merger without consulting or even alerting al-Qaeda's leadership. He added that Syria was the "spatial state" for al-Nusra, headed by Abou Mohammad al-Joulani, while Baghdadi’s rule would be limited to Iraq.
Al-Nusra, listed as a terrorist organisation by the US for its affiliation with al-Qaeda, is considered to be one of the most effective rebel groups in Syria.
But after Baghdadi released a video in April declaring the formation of the ISIL, many of al-Nusra’s fighters, especially non-Syrians, left to join the new umbrella group.
"This was the most dangerous development in the history of global jihad," an al-Nusra source inside Syria told Al Jazeera on Saturday.
One al-Nusra fighter estimated that 70 percent of the group's members left for the ISIL in Idlib province, with even higher defection rates in the Syria’s eastern regions.
Aleppo, the bastion of al-Nusra, saw the least defections from its ranks, fighters said. But even then the city suffered from the divisions within the group.
The division made the everyday practices of governance and fighting even more challenging.
Last week, activists reported flour shortage in the northern city because fighters protecting the silos had expressed their allegiance to ISIL and did not recognise the legal committee - headed by Nusra and other Syrian batalions - responsible for distributing flour. Several parties had to intervene to end the crisis.
The divisions and turf battles between commanders prompted both Joulani and Baghdadi to send separate letters to Zawahiri in Afghanistan to arbitrate between the two groups.
"The proponents of Jihad were all dismayed by the dispute that occurred on the media between our beloved brothers in the Islamic state of Iraq and Jabhat al-Nusra," Zawahiri said in the letter.
However, he called on both sides to cooperate and, whenever they could, support each other with money, weaponry and fighters.
Zawahiri also called on members of both outfits to refrain from infighting and named Abou Khaled al-Soury, local Syrian commander, as a personal emissary "to oversee the implementation" of the accord.
When Baghdadi released the merger statement two months ago, Joulani issued an audio recording saying he had not been consulted on the formation of the ISIL and insisted his fighters would continue to operate under the al-Nusra banner.
But that message did not deter Baghdadi from travelling from Iraq to the suburbs of Aleppo and trying to open offices there.
It is unclear whether Baghdadi will accept the al-Qaeda leader’s ruling, and what effect it will have on the ground.
The fighters who left al-Nusra to join the ISIL might not want to rejoin the group, according to those close to Baghdadi.
"Ninety percent of the Arab and foreign fighters [battling in Syria] joined ISIL," said Abu Osama al-Iraqi, an activist affiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq.
Graduation from the Iraqi pilots who are trained on the F-16 end of the current month
Khandan - The new Iraqi ambassador to the United States Luqman Abdul Rahim Feily, that the first batch of Iraqi pilots who are trained to lead the F-16 fighter jets will graduate the end of the current month.
And noted Feily in an interview with "Radio Sawa" to the first meal of the aircraft's 36 aircraft will be delivered to Iraq during the month of September.
"There Safqatan of weapons, first meal will be sent to Iraq by the end of this year up to I think the month of September, and also there is a meal of pilots have completed the course and at the end of this month will be held graduation ceremony first for them. We will attend the ceremony, so they Mhaoan and aircraft also work begins."
He denied Feily be pilots of one sect, stressing the need to move away Iraqi politicians all pitched sectarian if I want to build the country properly, as he called and said, "I had a meeting with the Committee on Foreign Relations and raise this issue and I Gesathm very clearly on the subject of the equation or the balance or other words that they use. think should be on the diplomatic body, or at least the military or the police or any organization looking for federal protection of the country and the protection of the Constitution that transcends all national and religious radicals and the like
Najafi and the Sadr and Hakim are preparing to announce the first cross-sectarian gov
Informed sources revealed to agree on the formation of local government in Baghdad from the lists of the Liberals and united stream and the citizen and the unified national coalition in Iraq and the Dawa Party organization inside and combine Turkmen Baghdad and Sabian component of achieving 31 seats,
And go as conservative Liberals and the current Presidency of the Council to maintain a united block and the Municipality of Baghdad to the coalition of citizens.
It was learned our sources familiar with the details of the agreement which was announced yesterday (Saturday June 8, 2013) that it was agreed between the User stream Liberals and united and the citizen and the coalition, the Iraqi National Unified Dawa organization inside and gathered Turkmen Baghdad and component Sabian for the formation of local government in Baghdad and the sharing of high-level positions where balance and fairness for all components after it has been achieving about 31 seats and a clear majority through lists Sadrists by 11 seats and the list of united 7 seats and the citizen 6 seats and a coalition of Iraqi unified national three seats and the Dawa Party organization inside about two and component Sabian and Turkmen Baghdad بجمعهما two seats together so they can be the formation of the government in Baghdad away from the local coalition of state law, which came out empty-handed after the intersection with the Sadrist movement to gain the top positions in the capital and the lack of agreement between him and the mass of citizens, according to the sources.
The sources pointed out that the sharing of positions in the capital Baghdad will be concluded spoken of as governor to block the Liberals and provincial council chairman to block united and the secretariat of Baghdad to block the citizen and exclusively to the representative of the Supreme Islamic Council, where it formed these forces coalition called the label «We all Baghdad» received positions President in came out of a coalition of state law empty-handed in the capital.
The sources said that the governor of Baghdad would be the share of Liberal, a full-Saadi (MP Technical former governor of Baghdad, outgoing) with two deputies of the citizen and united and that the President of the Council would be a coalition united by a Riad العضاض (first deputy chairman of the provincial council, outgoing) with one deputy from Dawa party / organization inside what would be the Mayor of Baghdad, a coalition of citizen.
The sources confirmed that the previous agreement between the State of Law coalition and the mass of the citizen and the Sadrists intersection after the rejection of the rule of law allocated one senior positions in the province to component Sunni and specifically to the list are united, and sources indicated that the mass of citizens and with the Sadrists asked to grant the position of one of the presidencies in the Baghdad government to local united bloc to achieve a balance in Baghdad and to serve as a goodwill gesture in the capital for the establishment of a cross-sectarian bloc in the capital.
The source revealed that a coalition of state law, contact list are united and asked them to waive the agreement between them and the mass of the citizen and the Sadrist movement, to achieve the majority away from the two blocs, the last two on the grounds that «united» formed a touchstone for political alliances, but the bloc «united» refused to call state law and preferred to move forward in local government الاعتدالية the formation of all the ingredients adding that the large number of components of the National Alliance, which joined the coalition of the Sadrist movement, citizen and organization inside lose the legitimacy of the alliance with the state law that strayed far from forming a government in Baghdad.
Alliances fever sweeping the provinces .. Hakim and chest يسحبان the rug out from Maliki
Escalated fever formation of political alliances to win seats in the majority in the local governments new and so far Day of the Declaration coalition citizen, led by Ammar al-Hakim and the Liberals, led by Moqtada al-Sadr alliance together to form the boards of directors of the provincial New which several observers as to pull the rug from the State of Law coalition led by al-Maliki to end its control over the provinces .
With tried Winners elections Najaf provincial council they list fulfillment of Najaf, led by Governor Adnan al and the rule of law and the mass of the citizen and the Sadrists win over small blocks of the Alliance to form a local government, announced Ktlta citizen and the Liberals and the coalition Civic Democrats in the province of Dhi Qar, for the formation of «mass Dhi Qar consolidated», which includes 15 members to form a new local government and identified two days to label managerial positions in the governorate and the share of each block which, while stressed that the door is open to a coalition of state law to participate in the government.
In Wasit political circles deliberated changes 'dramatic' in the map of political alliances to maintain the result of convergence between Liberal Movement led by Muqtada al-Sadr and the mass of citizens, led by Ammar al-Hakim, indicating that the first will get a conservative position in the second while you get on the Presidency of the Council of the province.
And to the province of Muthanna was announced MP Faleh force for the formation of a new coalition as «coalition first Muthanna» featuring citizen كتلي and Liberal in addition to other blocks.
The force added that the new coalition will form a majority with 14 seats of the total seats in the provincial council of 26. He pointed out that the new coalition is open to the rest of the blocks may increase the likelihood of increasing the number of seats more than 14, indicating that the Muthanna first coalition managed to label most of the positions and the first session of the Council will be named Chairman of the Board, his deputy and governor of Muthanna and his deputy.
In Diwaniya, the winning blocs formed in Diwaniyah Provincial Council elections «the people of Diwaniyah coalition to form a local government in the coming period.
And that this coalition is made up of 17 seats by 8 to a coalition of state law and 4 seats for fans of Diwaniyah and two seats for the national bloc white and one seat for each of the current State Fair and the Alliance of Diwaniyah and civil gathers to meet Iraq.
Note that the mass of the people of Diwaniyah has kept an open invitation to a coalition of citizen and the Liberal bloc and a list of the Dawa Party, organizing home to join the coalition in order to participate in the formation of the local government in Diwaniya.
Maliki: we started to get affected by the new storm experienced by the region Read m
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, Sunday, that the region is going through a storm of new and reckless, sectarian and political challenges and confusion in many countries where, noting that Iraq appeared to be affected by this storm, in what was considered that holding the Cabinet meeting in Arbil step on the road to finding solutions to all outstanding problems.
Maliki said during a meeting of the Council of Ministers regular meeting held in Erbil, today, said that "the region undergoing a storm of new and reckless, sectarian and political challenges and confusion in many countries of the region, different backgrounds and most dangerous is the return of extremist organizations," noting that "it brought the specter of fear of Back fighting not only in Iraq but in the region. "
Maliki said "we are beginning to get affected by the storm experienced by the region with deep regret," calling for "respect for others and interact with them in their home countries, and we hope to be our best types of friendship and cooperation, but should remain Iraqi affairs far from vulnerable to what is happening in the region This vulnerability backgrounds. "
Maliki confirmed that "what we should work to achieve that deal on the basis of national belonging and not on the basis of belonging to the identities of the sectarian and partisan, but everyone should be governed by the identity of one is Iraq," calling on everyone to "stand up to the draft structure of National Reconciliation to confront this danger, which will come to all what we were able to build and install the unity and stability of the country. "
He said al-Maliki that "Iraq if he had the atmosphere of harmony and solutions to problems are Hadi, will be strong smoothes which all Iraqis, regardless of their affiliations and identities of well-being," adding that "holding the Cabinet meeting in Arbil step on the road to finding solutions to all outstanding problems that are sometimes amplified, and sometimes outside the framework of control. "
Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, Sunday morning (9 June 2013), with the Minister of the Federal Government to Erbil airport to the Cabinet meeting held in the city, as he was welcomed by the President of the Kurdistan region Massoud Barzani and Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani region.
And revealed the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers, on Saturday (June 8, 2013), for the preparation of the meeting between the prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and the Kurdistan region, Massoud Barzani, on Sunday, while showed that the Joint Committee between Baghdad and Erbil will also meet to discuss the outstanding problems between the two sides.
The relationship between the center and the region during the last period severely strained for several reasons, some of which comes to the question of the export of oil and other disputed territories and the region's share of the budget and the salaries of the Peshmerga and others.
And resulted in a dispute over the adoption of the general budget for the Kurds to withdraw their ministers and their deputies of the Council of Ministers and the House of Representatives, but returned after the visit of the President of the Government of the region Nechirvan Barzani, the head of a high-level delegation to Baghdad on the 29th of April.
The first candidate for the presidency of the Kurdistan region provides legal papers to the Electoral Commission
Made the first citizen papers as a candidate for the presidency of the Kurdistan region for the upcoming presidential elections.
Said the professor, Dr. Kamal Syed Ali, on his personal page on Facebook, he provided legal papers of the Office of the Independent Electoral yesterday, Saturday, 08.06.2013 as the first candidate for the presidency of the Kurdistan region for the upcoming presidential elections scheduled for the end of next September.
Little is scheduled to testify in the Kurdistan region 09.21.2013 parliamentary and presidential elections and provincial elections in that one.
Did not announce so far as he was president of the region Current Massoud Barzani will run for the elections is that the groups and blocks Kurdish see he is not entitled to Barzani's presidential nomination for a third term because the constitution of the region determines the presidency Paula Witten and spins talk legal on whether the first term is not included because Barzani did not elected by popular referendum, such as the second term.
Muhammadawi warns that are counting in the upcoming elections in Anbar and Nineveh
UN Secretary-General to the Sons of Iraq coalition fervent Sheikh Abbas Muhammadawi sons of Anbar and Nineveh provinces that are counting in the provincial elections in these two provinces instead of Baghdad, in order to avoid fraud.
He said in a statement today: to our brothers in the provinces of Anbar and Nineveh to take caution of a repeat of the error that occurred when some provinces Kdially, Diwaniyah, which has the count two, rather than Baghdad, as were the results therein to (rigging in a diplomatic way) and with the knowledge leaders great.
He added: tell the politicians who visit the results of the election and stole votes Iraqi people ردوها that you can, have begun running out of patience, etc. Scottna on violations that occurred in the election, but fear of failure.