Green economy is a successful way to achieve sustainable development

27/8/2017 12:00 am

Baghdad / Emad Al-Amara

The world seems to be moving in the direction of development, including the green economy, which is the most effective way to achieve the development goals of many countries, including developing countries that are still struggling with poverty, which have difficulty in achieving the basic needs of their citizens after the decline of their development programs.

Today, thinkers of development advise developing countries to adopt the green economy model Economic expert d. Ahmed Al-Rawi told Sabah that the green economy program is a series of tools and tools available to policymakers, ranging from tax policies to removing harmful forms of subsidies to standards and laws, skills development, institution building and knowledge development, capacity building for data collection, And governance.

"This package of policies must be set up in developing economies, such as the Iraqi economy, which suffers from imbalance in the structure and weakness of fiscal policies, the dominance of environmentally damaging support decisions and resource-depleted consumption patterns," he said.

Al-Rawi said today that the region is witnessing crises related to water, food security and unemployment, which has prevented the achievement of safe and acceptable living standards, which makes the need to move towards the implementation of green economy programs, where the scarcity of natural resources in the forefront of the challenges of achieving development.

He added that these challenges in recent years include climate change, the rule of drought, the decline of renewable water resources and the decline in food production, in contrast to a steady increase in the population and the prevalence of consumption patterns that do not match the available resources.

They are often imbalanced and at the expense of the interests of future generations. The number of Arab countries in the ESCWA region that is below the water poverty line is 11 out of a total of 14 in the region, 6 of which suffer from severe water scarcity and food security.

The green economy, as defined by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP), is an economy that allows for improved human well-being and long-term inequality, without future generations being exposed to a scarce and serious resource environment.
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Al-Rawi pointed out that a number of Arab countries have implemented green economy activities and achieved advanced results in improving the efficiency of water use and reducing energy consumption. The United Arab Emirates and Bahrain have adopted the measurement of computer water usage and the distribution of water saving devices free of charge. Is dependent on renewable energy using solar energy or wind to generate energy to preserve the environment, including the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Qatar and Kuwait relying on sources of renewable energies, despite the availability of traditional methods.

The adoption of clean energy is the key to implementing green economy programs and achieving sustainable development to ensure the rights of generations. The challenges of achieving food security, providing food and maintaining a clean environment require the rationalization of traditional energy use and reliance on renewable and clean sources of energy, Especially those related to solar, wind and waste recycling, all of which can be used as alternatives to conventional energy.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) has identified new ways to generate green jobs, including the creation of new jobs or the replacement of jobs Others through the transition from the fossil economy to the economy
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Al-Rawi concluded by referring to the importance of shifting from private transport to mass transport to reduce the dependence of conventional energy methods through the adoption of electric trains or metro and reliance on rail transport instead of trucks, as well as the transformation from landfilling to recycling and benefiting from generating productive capacities.