A few days ago, Prime Minister Haider Abadi stressed that the country is out of Chapter VII within two months, after he met all the international sanctions imposed on him during the rule of the former regime, which caused internal crises culminated in placing the country under this international chapter.
What is this chapter, and what did it do with the lives of the Iraqis?
UN Security Council A few years ago, a unanimous vote was taken on Resolution 2107, which partially exempts Iraq from the provisions of Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter and terminates the mission of the UN Special Coordinator in charge of the missing persons and Kuwaiti property.
This chapter, and all the obligations that accompany it, was the result of Iraq and the Iraqis because of the invasion of the former regime of Kuwait in 1990, in what is known as the invasion of Kuwait or the Second Gulf War.
Chapter VII of the Charter of the United Nations provides for intervention in situations of threat of peace and aggression, whereby the Security Council can take non-military measures or resort to force to maintain international peace and security in the event of failure of the parties to the conflict to resolve their differences.
Baghdad has been under the seventh item since 1990, and since that time and Iraq under the weight of economic sanctions did not end until after 2003, while Iraqi officials confirm today that Baghdad has fulfilled all its obligations and has left only to end the file of compensation with Kuwait, Of Chapter VII.
The famous resolution 661, adopted unanimously by the Security Council in 1990, contained several articles relating to the imposition of punitive decisions that ended with the use of the provisions of Chapter VII and the provisions of the binding application of Article 39 to Article 51.
Articles 41, 42 and 43 of that resolution imposed severe sanctions on Iraq. Article 41 called on UN member states to stop all economic ties and communications with Iraq and to cut off all diplomatic relations with the former regime.
Article 42 also addressed the issue of the military solution when it stated that, should the Security Council consider that the measures provided for in article 41 were inadequate, the Council was entitled to take the necessary measures to maintain or restore international peace and security.
Article 43 contains the commitment of all Members of the United Nations to contribute to the maintenance of international peace and security at the request of the Security Council at their request and in accordance with special agreements or agreements, including the necessary armed forces, assistance and facilities necessary for the maintenance of international peace and security.
Today, Iraq is just around the corner from Chapter VII. With the completion of this step, Baghdad will recover frozen funds in the foreign banks estimated at nearly $ 50 billion, as well as those in the Development Fund for Iraq, and will return to its place in the international arena, amid direct cooperation And effective from all the members of the Security Council and at all levels, in addition to raising the opportunities for investment of major companies and the consolidation of its role in the region and the world ... And most importantly liberate Iraq from the planks of the major powers!