Oil and gas law at the table and the expectations of experts endorsing the 2012
After a long sleep more than a year to close the file of oil and gas law and put it back on the shelves of those interested Alyatarth new feelings that go past without the benefit of this wealth, and that the time has come for legislation Is the year 2012 will witness the launch of whether the law will be initiated or not?
And we will find in the folds of the following report visions of economists and law and their vision of the importance of law and how to get out of its impasse. Has become the symposium panel discussion on the challenges of the extractive oil industry to a constructive dialogue in order to establish oil and gas law to be of the oil industry and other extractive power of the law make it in the forefront of the industries that serve the development programs.
Only the whole number of economists and law on the importance of expediting legislation the law of oil and gas oil in order to develop policies on the right track and to ensure the optimum exploitation of the national wealth of the rich. This consensus, in a seminar discussion organized by the Iraqi Institute for economic reform, which was characterized by high level of transparency and disclosure in bold to put the seven working papers presented by experts in the seminar. The first worksheet submitted by the President of the advisory board Thamer Ghadban as accompanied the process of preparing a draft law of oil and gas and assume advanced positions in the leadership of the oil sector in a timely manner and his long experience in this area, and presented a chronology of the stages through which the draft law with the detection of Khvaya many accompanied the processes of discussion and interactions. that took place. Anger devoted through the display to the problem of oil and gas, the principle of public policies that begin diagnosing the problem and then displayed benefit of researchers and observers, and citizens in order to prepare suitable solutions and proposals that lead to the adoption of such a law was introduced Anger of the project diplomacy unusual and distanced himself - for any bias in the presentation of the problem and summarized Ghadhban and paper differences that occurred between the federal government and the Kurdistan region on constitutional articles of legislation and powers exhibitors all the stages undergone by the law of the interactions, and the differences and convergence, sometimes leaving the assessment of the situation for the participants in the seminar representing the official and public and representatives of civil society organizations.
Anger and said I think the law of oil and gas will see the light when it dissipated and build bridges of trust and think is full of the interests of the Iraqi nation and the nation anticipated the possibility of easing the crisis if it described the intentions and the convergence of ideas and interests have been achieved.
The second worksheet for Lna˙b former Judge Wael Abdul Latif, which included eating oil and gas wealth in the Iraqi Constitution of 2005 which was allocated Title IV of the doors of the Constitution the six articles of the oil and gas, Article 111 and Article 112. Judge Wael Abdul Latif said in his paper that the Iraqi constitution in force for the year 2005, the first the Constitution codifies the right of the Iraqis through the provision of Article 111 of the oil and gas is the property of all Iraqi people in all regions and provinces, and added that this article did not mention in any constitution earlier whether Iraq's permanent constitution (Basic Law) of 1925 or a series of temporary constitutions for the years 1958.1964, 1968, 1970 or even in a draft constitution for Iraq in 1991 (after the popular uprising) as well as the law of the State Administration of Iraq for the Transitional Period of 2004 and the constitutions applicable to Iraq such as the Constitution Ottoman in 1867 or the Regulations by the British Governor of Iraq in 1920. Focused Abdullatif that the constitutional article was a public promise does not mean anything in this field and believes in the need to regulate how they going to be the property and the words start to all the (Iraqi people), which addresses citizenship regardless of religion, nationalism and ethnicity are but mimic Iraq regardless of the spot that live in it. He concluded by saying: that the material was legal mechanisms need to show a partnership and ownership of the Iraqis to this wealth. He noted that the first paragraph of Article 112 stipulates the following:
The federal government will administer oil and gas extracted from current fields with the governments of producing regions and provinces to be distributed and imports fairly commensurate with the demographic distribution all over the country with a quota for a specified period for affected regions that were deprived them an unfair way by the former regime, which are damaged after that so as to ensure balanced development in different parts of the country and this shall be regulated by law. Latif said that all the objectives set by the legislator is required of the legislature that the normal organized under the law, but that the goals of the legislator failed to materialize and now we are on the threshold of 2012. The judge concluded Wael and that the deep problem is that all the constitutional articles related to this wealth and the objectives set by the legislator and, despite the entry into force of the Constitution since 2006 have not been achieved so far and the reason is the failure of the legislature organized by the normal law. Also provided other papers do not move away in the analysis of what put and carried visions of an additive in the importance of oil issues we have mentioned in the news, which was published yesterday, but the important thing is that the seminar concluded that the need to enact the law during the year 2012 by solving all the problems and differences through dialogue Pacific, construction, including flows into the interests of the country and the Iraqi citizens in every part of the territory.
"Truth is everlasting, but our ideas about truth are changeable. Only a little of the first fruits of wisdom, only a few fragments of the boundless heights and depths of truth, have I been able to gather"