" The Daily Dinar " ........... Saturday, 5 January 2012
Iraqi Prime Minister Faces More Calls for Resignation
Mohammed Jalil/European Pressphoto Agency
Sunni Muslims shouted slogans and waved their national flag during a demonstration on Friday in Falluja in western Iraq.
By DURAID ADNAN and CHRISTINE HAUSER
Published: January 4, 2013
BAGHDAD — A political crisis facing the Shiite-led government of Prime Minister Nuri Kamal al-Maliki of Iraq appeared to escalate on Friday, as more political rivals called for his resignation and for early elections. In addition to the political arena, demand for change echoed in the streets as demonstrators expanded protests in major Iraqi cities.
Mr. Maliki, a Shiite, has come under fire in recent weeks for measures that some lawmakers and political opponents, especially rival Sunnis but also some Shiites, see as an attempt to sideline them and monopolize power leading up to provincial elections that are scheduled for April. They will be the first elections in Iraq without the presence of American forces since the overthrow of Saddam Hussein.
Tempers were further inflamed after a raid last month by security forces on the office and home of the Sunni finance minister, Rafie al-Issawi, and the arrest of 10 bodyguards.
On Friday, two prominent members of Iraqiya, a largely Sunni bloc of lawmakers, said Mr. Maliki should step down.
“The option of early elections will avoid many problems,” Saleh al-Mutlaq, a deputy prime minister who is a Sunni, said in a statement on Friday. “The current government must hand in its resignation.”
Ayad Allawi, the leader of Iraqiya but a secular Shiite, said in a televised statement that the current government was incapable of change and “must submit its resignation so the Iraqi political powers can find solutions for the problems.”
A media adviser for Mr. Maliki, Ali al-Musawi, expressed support for earlier elections, saying the government had tried to address the grievances.
“In a normal state, the opposition will be the ones that call for early elections or dissolving” the government, he said in a telephone interview when asked about the developments. “Now we are calling for dissolving them.”
There was no immediate response from Mr. Maliki’s party, Dawa, which is part of the broader, Shiite-dominated National Alliance.
For early elections to take place, about a third of the country’s 325 Parliament members are first required to call for the matter to be discussed. A majority vote is then needed to dissolve Parliament and to require a caretaker government to hold elections within 60 days.
Mr. Maliki’s government has had a troubled run since 2010, when Mr. Maliki gained a second term as prime minister after months of political wrangling in the wake of inconclusive parliamentary election results. Accusations that he was trying to grab power and undermine Sunnis and other rivals have repeatedly cropped up, as Iraq lurches from one crisis to another in what has at times seemed like the brink of civil war.
Sunni ministers in the Iraqiya bloc boycotted Parliament about a year ago after an arrest warrant was issued for the Sunni vice president, Tariq al-Hashimi, on terrorism charges, and after Mr. Maliki tried to fire Mr. Mutlaq for calling Mr. Maliki a dictator in the press. Mr. Hashimi fled the country, was convicted in absentia and was sentenced to death.
Memories of Mr. Maliki’s campaign against Mr. Hashimi were revived during the December raid on Mr. Issawi, which stirred accusations that once again a Sunni leader was being targeted by the Shiite-dominated government and touched off protests.
Other developments have threatened to hinder Iraq’s efforts at reconciliation. In the north, tensions with the Kurds escalated after Mr. Maliki sent soldiers to the region in what was seen as an attempt to assert control. The soldiers remain there in a standoff with Kurdish forces.
Whether or not early elections are called, it appears the contenders are already jockeying for position. This week, a populist leader, Moktada al-Sadr, blamed Mr. Maliki for the unrest and expressed support for the demonstrations in largely Sunni areas like Anbar Province, which he compared to the Arab Spring movements that swept through the Middle East, although he criticized the display of posters of Mr. Hussein at some of the rallies.
Mr. Sadr, who is part of a prominent Shiite clerical family, has been trying to test the political waters by inviting cross-sectarian alliances, and on Friday he visited a Christian church and a Sunni shrine in Baghdad, while also saying he was willing to send a team to join demonstrators in Anbar Province, or go himself.
In Anbar, a major trade route to Syria and Jordan has been blocked, and on Friday demonstrations reignited there, as well as in Tikrit, in Mosul and in a Baghdad mosque. Demands included the release of female detainees, cancellation of an article of an antiterrorism law that Sunnis see as used particularly against them, and resignations of Mr. Maliki and other government officials. Mr. Maliki had urged demonstrators to stop or face a crackdown, saying they were being manipulated by groups intent on harming national unity. But on Friday, he said security forces would not allow themselves to be provoked by protesters.
“Today we are on the threshold of provincial elections, which are the first in Iraq without the presence of foreign forces,” he said in a statement. “That requires people to pay attention that some parties are trying to use the demonstrations in the election race.”
In Baghdad, security forces prevented protesters from spilling out of the Sunni mosque of Abu Hanifa and into the street after prayers, saying they did not have permission.
“I know that the government will not respond to our demands, but I am out today to tell the world what is happening to us,” said Asad Mahmood, 50, a demonstrator.
Duraid Adnan reported from Baghdad, and Christine Hauser from New York.
Legal expert: launch of early elections, dismiss government in hands of Parliament
Saturday, 05 January 2013 09:36 | | |
Baghdad (AIN) -The legal expert, Tariq Harb clarified that the launch of early elections and considering the current government resigned comes within the powers of the Iraqi Parliament according to article 64 of the constitution.
Commenting on some who call for conducting early elections, Harb added said that "The launch of these elections which in turn lead to dismiss the government is the Parliament's authority where it can be settled in one session through presenting a request by third of the MPs (109 ones) to dissolve the Parliament and submit it for voting."
He continued saying "If the third of the MPs approved this request then it could be displayed for vote."
"If the absolute majority of the MPs (163) i.e. more than the half approve this request, then the Parliament is dissolved and in this case the government is also dissolved and will turn into caretaker government."
The legal expert pointed out that "This step does not require the previous procedures concerning the approval of the Presidency or the Council of Ministers."
Earlier, the head of the Iraqiya Slate, Ayad Alawi has called, on last Friday, the Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki to resign and launch early elections in order to radically resolve the problems in the country.
Iraq stresses to UN its adherence to settle file of Kuwaiti prisoners and missing
Saturday, 05 January 2013 10:18 | | |
(AIN) -Iraq renewed its commitment to finalize the file of the Kuwaiti prisoners and missing persons.
The Kuwaiti official news agency cited that "The Iraqi Ambassador to the United Nations, Hamid al-Bayati, sent a message to the chairman of the UN Security Council, in which he renewed the Iraqi Government's adherence to continue efforts to search for the missing Kuwaitis and settle this humane and emotional issue."
Bayati added that "The Iraqi Government reaffirms its support for the proposal of the UN Secretary General, Baan Ki-moon who called to run the two files of the missing Kuwaitis and the Kuwaiti properties by mutual Iraqi-Kuwaiti commission or by representative of the UNSG for this regard."
With the end of the mission of the UN Coordinator, Gennady Tarasov, on 31th of last December, Ki-moon suggested on the Security Council to assume Tarasov's Mission by the UNAMI or appoint temporary Coordinator for six months or to choose another coordinator from the UN council to assume this mission.
Urgent….Iraqi Parliament's 1st Deputy Speaker arrives in Anbar
Saturday, 05 January 2013 10:27 | | |
Baghdad (AIN) -The First Deputy Speaker of the Iraqi Parliament, Qusai al-Sihail, arrived in Anbar province to discuss its situations.
Informed source at Sihail's media office told All Iraq News Agency (AIN) on Saturday "The 1st Deputy Speaker arrived in Anbar to discuss the recent events."
The demonstrations and sit-ins are still going forward for two weeks in Anbar, Salah il-Din and Nineveh provinces, demanding for releasing the prisoners and women detainees as well as canceling the article 4 of the Anti-Terrorism Law besides other demands.
Kurdistan MP: Call to dissolve the government and parliament is "an escape from the reality in which we live"
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP, of the Kurdistan Alliance, Muhsin al-Sadoun considered the calls to dissolve the government and parliament by some political parties as escaping from the reality faced by the country and a failure to address protests and demonstrations that are happening now."
He said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "It is very difficult to dissolve parliament, because its dissolve needs to be approved by half plus one of the members of the House of Representatives, and this is difficult to be achieved now."
Sadoun said: "everyone should know that dissolving the parliament means that the government will become a caretaker government and the Prime Minister will be without legislative oversight and this will take at least a year or more, and this cannot be repeated in Iraq."
He continued: "The parliament, if it wanted to hold early elections, it should legislate or modify election law of the House of Representatives."
The head of the Iraqiya coalition, Iyad Allawi and the head of the National Dialogue Front Saleh al-Mutlaq had called to dissolve the government and parliament and hold early parliamentary elections.
Iraqiya MP: Tomorrow's session will determine dissolving the government and parliament or not.
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP, of the Iraqiya coalition, Etab al-Duri said that the parliament's session on Sunday will determine dissolving the government and parliament or not.
In a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / she called the MPs to attend the session in order to resolve outstanding issues and develop appropriate solutions, particularly the demands of the demonstrators. "
She added: "This session will be historic; and the results of this session will reveal the national people, who work to serve the citizens and the country and those who are not."
It is mentioned that the House Speaker Osama al-Nujaifi called for an emergency session of the House of Representatives on Sunday to discuss the political situation in the country in the light of the demonstrations in several provinces.
UNAMI Calls on Iraqi leaders to urgent and constructive dialogue to resolve the current political crisis.
BAGHDAD / NINA / The United Nations Mission to help Iraq (UNAMI) called on all Iraqi leaders to "urgently engage in a peaceful, comprehensive and constructive dialogue, and in accordance with the Constitution and the law."
UNAMI strongly condemned, in a statement today 5, Jan "the wave of attacks that occurred during the past few days, killing and wounding dozens of innocent pilgrims participating in a religious ritual to commemorate the death of Imam Hussein," expressing "deep condolences and sympathy to the bereaved families and wished speedy recovery to the wounded."
Thousands of demonstrators gathered in front of the Nineveh province, to demand the reopening of Liberal Square
Mosul (news) .. Thousands of people of Nineveh Province in front of the governorate building to demand the reopening of Liberal Square after shut down today in front of the protesters.
He said the reporter Agency (news) content in the place of the event: Thousands of angry demonstrators to the governorate building to demand demanding the reopening of the arena closed by the security services to prevent the gathering to protest the government's policies.
This development comes against the backdrop of the decision of Nineveh Operations Command shut Liberal Square in central Mosul, and prevent the influx of masses to continue the sit-in, where protesters surprise closure decision, which sparked a wave of popular discontent and widespread. / End
Nineveh: security forces cut apart the city and clerics leading the demonstrations
Twilight News / promised local government in Nineveh, Saturday, measures of security forces in recent city of Mosul "Tkotaiaa" another apart city "cut originally," in order to reduce the momentum of the demonstrations, while threatened the Provincial Council to "take further decisions" in the case did not meet the demands of the demonstrators who lead their demonstrations clergy.
Said Qahtan Sami, in an interview with "Twilight News", that "the security forces banned the citizens from traveling to areas demonstrations, especially in key areas and vital as the university and the revival of the officers, the unit of the Charter," adding that "many areas in Mosul were cut traffic since the morning, but it does not include all of the city of Mosul. "
Promised Sami these measures "attempt indirectly to prevent people from going to areas demonstrations in addition to the areas in which they occur gatherings," noting that "in the left coast of the city, for example, we have the platform (one of the main squares, which holds firmly the demonstrators) were closed to traffic through them, This happened clearly visible in many areas of the city of Mosul. "
According to Sami, "altercations occurred between some residents and the security forces, and was attacked some demonstrators with batons," pointing out that "Mosul University students were, on Friday, to attacks by security forces."
Sami has announced "rejected this approach, because 100% peaceful demonstrations and demands of the demonstrators is limited and is as large as the release of detainees and detention centers in addition to the balance (of power) and do not marginalize any component."
Promised Sami measures security forces "Tkotaiaa to limbs city of Mosul cut originally," explaining that "the security forces are, originally, severe pressure on the citizens and on residential areas confined like cantons, each residential area where one port of exit and entry, and internal streets where closed permanently."
He continued by saying, "The main streets Vtj Balsetarat and between the control point and control, there is a control point," pointing out that he "should be non-politicized security forces, but it seems to be subject to orders directed to reduce the voice of the masses."
Sami denied the existence of "Statistics on the number of casualties among the demonstrators," adding that "there are injuries with batons and not through shooting, except for the killing of President of the Council of Representatives facilities a few days ago through heavy fire bullet by members of the gold band."
And on the possibility that the security measures affect the continuation of the demonstrations, said Sami "demonstrations will continue according to the orders of the Council of Nineveh province, and always remains suspended until next Monday until the government responds to the demands."
"If the federal government did not respond to the demands, the provincial council will decide additional endorsing the demands of the masses."
He noted that "the clergy and scholars who are leading the protests are responsible for them, they say that the demonstrations will continue until achieving the demands of the public."
The number of Iraqi provinces witnessing demonstrations and sit-ins and wide against the federal government in Baghdad, to protest against poor conditions of prisoners and detainees and the failure of the security file and service.
Moussawi: Maliki is expected to get most of the MPs submit a request to dissolve the government and parliament
Saturday, December 05, 2 / January 2013 10:26
Twilight News / detection, media adviser to Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, that the latter is awaiting approval by most members of the House of Representatives to submit his request to the president to dissolve the government and the House of Representatives.
Ali al-Moussawi said for "Twilight News", "The Prime Minister wants to soon be submitted to the Presidency a request to dismiss the government and the House of Representatives, but is awaiting approval by a majority in the House of Representatives on this request."
He explained that "this request requires the approval of the absolute majority of the members of the House of Representatives."
Izzat Shabandar was in the State of Law coalition led by Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki said, on Friday, said his coalition will call for "solving" the government and the parliament, and pointed out that it may be within 48 hours.
The Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki called for, earlier, to hold early elections to resolve the current crisis and later endorsed by the leader of the coalition in Iraq, Iyad Allawi and Saleh al-Mutlaq.
Many cities experiencing of the provinces of Anbar and Nineveh mass demonstrations and civil disobedience started since last week to demand the release of detainees, especially women prisoners, and the abolition of the anti-terrorism law and "stop the marginalization" of the year. And some of the protesters demanded the abolition of the political process.
The protests began after the arrest of a special force a number of protections and Finance Minister Rafie al-Issawi, the leader of the Iraqi List, before they release them and keep on only nine