" The Dinar Daily " ......... Saturday, December 29, 2012
Mahmoud Othman: lack of adherence to the constitution behind the current political crisis.
Baghdad / NINA /--Leading member for Kurdistan Alliance MP, Mahmood Othman attributed failure to reach solutions to the current crisis to not abide to the constitution by all parties.
He told NINA : "The continuation of the problems and crises for years without a solution is the a responsibility must be borne by all, not just the Kurds," noting that "the lack of commitment to the Constitution became clear feature of the political process failure in the country.
The country is currently witnessing an upsurge in the ongoing political crisis against the backdrop of the arrest of members of the Protection of Finance Minister Rafie al-Issawi, thing which is considered by Iraqiya Slate as targeting a certain component of Iraqi people , an issue which reflected its impact embodied in demonstrations and sit-in in Anbar province and a number of other provinces demanding the release of innocent detainees.
Anbar province forms lawyers team to follow up detainees case
Ramadi (NINA) – Anbar province decided to form a team of lawyers to follow up the cases of detainees.
Director of Anbar province's Media Bureau, Mohammed Homoud, told NINA on Friday, Dec. 28, that Governor Qasim al-Fahdawi, ordered forming a team of lawyers, at the province's costs, to defend detainees at government's prisons, after optaining the approval of Prime Minister to move the cases of detainees to Anbar Court of Appeal.
He added that Prime Minster Nuri al-Maliki, after having discussed the issue with the Supreme Judicial Council, has agreed to move the cases of detainees to their province, including Anbar province.
Abu Risha confirms more protesters convoys heading to Anbar province to participate in a sit-in and demonstrations.
Ramadi / NINA /--In a statement to NINA ,Sheikh Abu Rishah said : "Tribal delegations and huge popular supporters reached the headquarters of sit-in in Ramadi and Fallujah on the international highway north of Ramadi for the eighth day to demand the release of detainees and correct the political process.
He added the tribal and public delegations that took part with Anbaris demonstrations that demanding legitimate rights arrived from Diyala, Samarra , Mosul and the Kurdistan region and other provinces to express the demands of the Iraqi people and bring the attention of the central government in Baghdad.
Iraqiya MP: Anbar demonstrators will not stop until they meet their demands.
BAGHDAD / NINA / MP, of the Iraqiya coalition, Mudhher al-Janabi confirmed that Anbar protesters would not stop their protests until their demands implemented."
Janabi said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA /: "The demonstrations in Anbar and some other provinces are peaceful demonstrations, demanding the rights of these provinces to eliminate the phenomenon of marginalization and torture in prisons.
He added: "The protesters are demanding to be negotiated with them directly not through their representatives."
He continued: "The demonstrations are not sectarian, but maybe there are some, who are trying to turn them sectarian."
He expressed his hope that the government would respond to the demands of the demonstrators in order to preserve the unity of Iraq, noting that the protesters will not stop until their constitutional demands are met"
It is mentioned that provinces of Anbar, Nineveh and Salahuddin had witnessed large demonstrations yesterday in the so-called / The Pride Fri. / to demand the release of the innocent detainees and to punish those responsible for the abuses and rape against prisoners women and bring them to justice publicly.
The city of Ramadi, specifically the international road north of the city, large demonstrations and sit-ins, in which hundreds of thousands of citizens who represent the provinces of the center, south and the north.
MP Maliki warns of malicious foreign plans to penetrate Anbar demonstrations
Saturday, 29 December 2012 11:26
Baghdad (AIN) -MP Abdul Salam al-Maliki, of the State of Law Coalition warned from foreign plans to penetrate Anbar demonstrations by groups of the so called, Free Army, and al-Qaeda elements to discharge those demonstrations of its popular base and direct them into sectarianism.
MP Maliki mentioned in a statement received by AIN on "The peaceful protest is a legitimate right guaranteed by the Iraqi Constitution for all the Iraqi people," stressing "We are not against the demonstrations and demand for rights but we do feel sympathy with the people's demands and strive to lift the injustice they suffer due to lack of services."
"We do not oppose the demonstrations of our people in Anbr province, but what we fear is those protests might be penetrated by some sides which do not want the good for Iraq through passing agendas of countries that are known for their animosity to Iraq," he added.
He criticized "some ministers and politicians who took the opposition side against the government despite the fact that they are partners in the government, where they exploited those demonstrations to promote sectarian slogans and incense Anbar people."
It is worth mentioning that Anbar province has launched mass demonstrations since the past few days that caused blocking the international roads which link Iraq to Jordon and Syria to protest the arrest of the guards of Finance Minister, Rafa al-Issawi.
SLC MP calls political blocs to prepare for forming majority government
Saturday, 29 December 2012 12:20 | | |
Baghdad (AIN) –MP, Abdul Mahdi al-Khafaji, called the political blocs to prepare for forming the political majority government after the next parliamentary elections.
In a press statement received by AIN on Saturday "It is clear that the political blocs participating in the current government try to hinder its performance to show it as a weak government."
"According to the current situation, the government is working for temporary issues because the majority government cannot be formed at the current time due to the existence of the political blocs that do not believe in the political process and the national partnership government," he added.
"Any other option, except the majority government, will result in having a governmental that is unable to provide the services and have many crises because of the lack of the political deals," he concluded.
Baghdad (AIN) –The Fugitive Vice-President, Tariq al-Hashimi, who is sentenced to death in absentia, praised the latest statements of the Turkish Premier, Recep Tayib Erdogan, who accused the current Iraqi government of being "Sectarian."
In press statements, Hashimi said "The Turkish stance is brave one represented by my dear brother Erdogan where I hope others to evaluate the Iraqi situation like Turkey."
"Turkey must be supported by the Arab countries especially the Gulf countries regarding this issue," he concluded.
Earlier, Erdogan described the Iraqi government as "Sectarian," expressing his concerns over "Making Iraq like Syria," assuring that "Iraq has Sunni, Shiite, Turkmen and Kurds where I hope it to be united."
Unlike the Past, US Must Staunchly Stand By Iraq’s Kurds
29/12/2012 05:25:00By JULIE PIETERSE
The relationship between the United States and Iraqi Kurds, born out of one-sided expedience and American interests, has been plagued with imbalance and inconsistency.
Although the United States has relied on Iraqi Kurds to be relatively stable allies within a turbulent Iraq -- and has supported the establishment of a semi-autonomous Kurdish region -- its entrenched foreign policy objectives have repeatedly dissuaded Washington from giving Iraqi Kurds proper reciprocal support.
Initial relations between the United States and Iraqi Kurds were almost exclusively framed within the larger context of the Cold War’s political landscape.
In the 1970s the United States, increasingly perturbed by the growing relationship between Iraq and the Soviet Union, supported an Iranian plan for the Iraqi Kurds to launch an armed uprising against Baghdad. Washington urged the Kurds to revolt, and promised them continued support, regardless of the outcome.
US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger repeatedly lauded the Iraqi Kurds for their unwavering spirit in the face of adversity, which reassured them that neither the Iranian Shah, nor the United States, would abandon their effort. But they were wrong. American pragmatism would ultimately rule the day, and the Kurds were defeated in the rebellion and were abandoned by the United States, who had sanctioned an agreement with Iraq to resolve its border conflict with Iran.
The Iraqi Kurds were no longer of strategic use for the United States. Consequently, Iran immediately suspended military aid and access to supply lines. Kissinger chose to ignore Kurdish leader Mustafa Barzani’s plea for aid, instead leaving the defeated Iraqi Kurds to bear the harsh repercussions of their failed insurgency on their own.
By 1988, Iraq had launched the world’s first chemical attack against non-combatants and the infamous Anfal campaign that led to the systematic killing of hundreds of thousands of Iraqi Kurds. The United States deliberately avoided becoming involved in this internal struggle due to its strategic alliance with Saddam Hussein’s regime.
Although the United States was explicitly aware of these atrocities, it did not respond accordingly until after the end of the invasion of Kuwait by Iraq. When the remainder of Saddam’s defeated army advanced towards Kurdistan, 1.5 million Kurds fled to neighboring Iran and Turkey where they lived in cold and hunger.
Only then was the United States inclined to act. Under the patronage of Operation Provide Comfort, which enforced a no-fly zone against Saddam Hussein, it provided humanitarian relief for the Iraqi Kurds. Iraqi troops were also forced to withdraw from the Kurdish provinces and the Kurds were able to establish de facto independence.
America’s relationship with the Iraqi Kurds has been most stable since the fall of Saddam in 2003. The United States recognized the Iraqi Kurds as their official regional ally in the conflict -- a position that the latter, eager to enhance their independence, readily accepted.
“Although the United States is no longer in Iraq, it cannot afford to repeat its mistakes of 1975 and 1991 and completely abandon the Kurds, especially at this stage of their relationship.”
After 2003, the two major Kurdish parties -- KDP and the PUK -- managed to overcome their differences and institutionalize their Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) in a federal Iraq. The Kurds were also pivotal in the drafting of Iraq’s new constitution. Kurdish became one of Iraq’s two official languages, and the Kurdistan Region was promised a proportionate share of Iraq’s oil revenues and independent control over its security and Peshmarga forces and regional parliament. Jalal Talabani’s election as Iraq’s president, though largely a ceremonial title, was still indicative of the gains that the Iraqi Kurds have made as a result of the US invasion of Iraq.
Although the present relationship between the United States and the Iraqi Kurds is stronger and more amicable than it has ever been, it is still not completely solid, and its future remains in a precarious state. The Kurds are keenly aware of the exploitation their people had endured as pawns of the Cold War in the Middle East, and they have not forgotten the betrayals of the past.
They also know that the United States’ foreign policy is still very much rooted in pragmatic self-interest; because of this, Iraqi Kurds understand that their current relationship with America still cannot be one of mutual trust, interest or partnership.
As the United States began to withdraw its troops from Iraq, these concerns came to the forefront. Many Kurds criticized the United States’ decision to leave, arguing that many of the long-standing ethnic issues between Iraq and the Kurdish people had not been properly resolved, and that the lack of an American presence would exacerbate these tensions.
Once US troops officially left Iraq in December 2011, these fears proved true. Iraq, at present, is plagued with instability. Nuri al-Maliki, the prime minister of Iraq who had consolidated power after the troops had left, is increasing his authoritarian stance and continues to undermine Kurdish authority. Furthermore, the persecution of former Vice President Tariq al-Hashemi by Maliki has worsened the Sunni and Shiite sectarian divide. Iraqi Kurds, in the fragile position of lessening the hostility between both factions, were faced with additional repercussions on their own future.
Most crucially, the Iraqi government and the Kurds have repeatedly come to a head over Kirkuk, a contentious area of shared authority, and the distribution of oil. Bloody attacks have ensued within the disputed city, the death toll continues to rise, and the security situation is worsening.
Just weeks ago, Iraqi troops and Kurdish Peshmerga entered a tense standoff. Present tensions make it look as though a possible armed conflict between the two factions could be on the horizon. President Talabani, who has been mediating this conflict, recently suffered a stroke, which could serve to further aggravate the already treacherous climate within Iraq.
Now more than ever, the Iraqi Kurds need to be able to rely on the United States for solid, unwavering support. As the Kurds look toward nation building in the perilous wake of the Iraq war, America needs to avoid vapid rhetoric and work toward tangible solutions. These next steps could prove to be a pivotal turning point in this tenuous, unbalanced alliance.
First and foremost, the United States needs to fundamentally restructure its relationship with the Iraqi Kurds so that it remains proactive, and legitimately based on mutual incentives and commitment. To realistically do this under the present circumstances in Iraq, Washington needs to avoid any actions that would encourage the Kurds to declare complete independence from Iraq. America must safeguard Kurdish interests by recognizing that they are a distinct and important facet in Iraq and in the wider region.
Although the United States is no longer in Iraq, it cannot afford to repeat its mistakes of 1975 and 1991 and completely abandon the Kurds, especially at this stage of their relationship. In lieu of their physical presence, the United States should remain committed, through both joint delegations with Kurdish officials and through the American embassy, to mediate present and future conflicts.
Perhaps most crucially, the United States needs to take every measure possible to protect the Kurds against another campaign of mass violence. By conditioning support for Maliki, and making him realize the real limitations of his power, the United States can help to prevent the occurrence of another Anfal.
Through their Cold War-influenced foreign policy, the United States has proved to be fixated on self-interest and driving out their adversaries’ influence at the expense of comprehending or respecting the concerns of those affected by internal conflicts in the Middle East. Nowhere has this been more evident than in the United States’ calculated and volatile relationship with the Iraqi Kurds. Faced now with an opportunity to reconcile its ill policies of the past, the United States must work diligently toward sensible policy-making, and evolving its relations with an undeniably important actor on a pivotal political stage.
*Julie Pieterse, MA in U.S. Cold War foreign policy from Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada.
Finance Committee Member: House of Representatives will begin law establishing the Council for Economic Reform after approving the budget
Posted: December 29, 2012 in Iraqi Dinar/Politics
Tags: Australian House of Representatives, Baghdad, economy, Government budget, House of Representatives, Law, Member of Parliament, National Alliance
Date: 12/29/2012 08:39:40 Saturday
Baghdad (news) .. Said a member of the Committee on the economy and investment MP / National Alliance / Abdul Abbas Xiaa, ending discussion of the draft law for the establishment of the Council for Economic Reform by the State Council, likely sending it to the House of Representatives in the coming days.
Said Xiaa (Agency news): The House of Representatives now busy to discuss and approve the budget bill being is one of the important laws of the country, adding that the rest of the other laws have been postponed until the adoption of the general budget.
He added: that one of the laws which will be put to the House of Representatives after the adoption of the federal budget is the law of economic reform, which includes the establishment of the Council on economic sectors according to deliberate steps and fixed and not random.
And stressed: that passing this law will give a big boost to the national economy to turn it from a totalitarian central to a free market economy in accordance with international standards and sound steps.
He pointed out: that the State Consultative Council to discuss the establishment of law ended the Council of Economic Reform and will be sent to the House of Representatives during the next few days, and will be discussed and voted on after the adoption of the federal budget.
BREAKING NEWS Meeting between Defence Ministry, Peshmerga postponed until Wednesday
Baghdad (NINA) – Member Parliament's Security and Defence Committee, Joma al-Metyouti, said that the scheduled meeting on Sunday between the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Peshmerga is postponed.
In a statement to NINA on Saturday, Dec. 29, Metyouti said that the two sides have decided to postpone the meeting until Wednesday, Jan. 2, because of the demonstrations that are going on in some of the provinces, as well as the graduation of new military cadets.
Secretary General of the Ministry of Peshmerga, Jabar Yawar, said that talks held by officials from Ministry of Peshmerga and the Ministry of Defence in Baghdad was positive.
Military talks between the two sides were resumed last week on military presence in disputed areas, for the withdrawal of military forces from them and to be replaced with joint security forces.