Back under the microscope news under the microscope special reports Obama suggested Talabani presidential waiver and Al Barzani rejected the proposal
Obama suggested Talabani presidential waiver and Al Barzani rejected the proposal
MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 2012 15:59

Demand was strange and unfamiliar, prompting U.S. President Obama to make the phone call secret himself with Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, Obama tried to take advantage of all his persuasive skills to ask Talabani, a man of strong political, to abandon his post. That was on November 4 (November) 2010, and the plan was that Iyad Allawi replaces Talabani. The estimate Obama administration that Iraq with Allawi, a secular Shiite and the leader of the Sunni-backed bloc and widespread, will have a more inclusive government and would limit alarming slide towards authoritarianism under the leadership of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki. But Obama did not succeed in مبتغاه, where little Talabani, who refused the deal: «they fear what will happen if you do reach different groups in Iraq to deal». was the U.S. goal is to leave a stable government and representative of all factions, and to avoid a power vacuum may be exploited by neighboring countries Terrorists, and maintain sufficient clout make Iraq a partner or at least not as an adversary in the Middle East. However, the Obama administration failed in frustrating the achievement of some of those goals. and the story of these efforts have not been little attention within the country enjoy your stay the conflict in Iraq, and rarely occur administration officials about, and this novel is based on interviews conducted with a large number of senior officials in Both Washington and Baghdad. And White House officials portrayed exit strategy showing their resolve as a success, stressing that the number of civilian deaths in Iraq low compared to 2006, when the war was at its height, they say that politics, not violence, has become the primary means for Iraqis to resolve their differences. He explained Anthony Blinken, national security adviser to Vice President Joseph Biden, in a speech in March (March): «The news coverage of Iraq in recent ستوحي that with the departure of our troops, the American influence is gone with it, and that our management shifted its focus away from Iraq. The truth is that Artbatatna have increased. seen by many Iraqis that U.S. influence is declining sharply, as shown Fuad Hussein, President of the Presidium of the Kurdistan region following observation: «U.S. policy is too weak. It is not clear to us how they define their interests in Iraq. They weeded events and issuing reactions on the basis of events. That is the policy ». When Obama was a presidential candidate in 2008, he had one position primarily from Iraq, where he will «responsible end» of the conflict there, and pledged to withdraw all brigades of U.S. combat within 16 months, a deadline barged his way his main rival in the Democratic primary election, Hillary Clinton, but the army said that this deadline involves a significant risk. After the arrival of Obama to power, has modified the schedule for withdrawal, where kept brigades U.S. in place for a longer period, but it made ​​its primary mission to provide advice to the Iraqi forces. was scheduled to leave all U.S. troops from Iraq by the end of 2011, the date of departure specified in the agreement and signed by President George W. Bush and Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki in 2008. Even so, Obama has left the door open for troops to stay in Iraq to train Iraqi forces if possible to negotiate to reach an agreement. The situation was inherited by the Obama administration complex, many Iraqi politicians were worried that al-Maliki (Shiite) works to gather more power than necessary in the hand and beyond the Iraqi constitution by avoiding military chain of command official and planting his loyalists within the intelligence services, What increased the severity of these concerns the political crisis that has befallen Baghdad after the elections held in the month of March 2010. At a conference on October 6 (October) in 2010 via video, the Vice-President Joe Biden and U.S. officials reviewing the options available , and was vice president in favor of a plan to keep al-Maliki as prime minister but include the inauguration of his main rival Allawi, leader of the Iraqi bloc, close to the top of the pyramid. In order to pave the way for Allawi, Biden suggested removal of Talabani (Kurdish) from the presidency and give him another position. Biden said, according to notes of the meeting: «to make it foreign minister. Received Clinton: «Thank you very much Joe», noting that Biden was awarded the Ministry of Foreign Affairs as a consolation prize. as predicted Biden possibility that manages Americans deal with a government led by al-Maliki, said: «Maliki wants us to remain present, because he does not see a future in Iraq without this. The bet Bmansbi vice president that al-Maliki will extend to the Convention on the legal status of U.S. forces, in reference to the Convention, which the Obama administration hopes to negotiate. Asked James Steinberg, Deputy Secretary of State, whether Biden plan will increase the inability of the Iraqi government, which already lacks efficiency, and suggested an alternative to the owners is Adel Abdul-Mahdi, a Shiite and a former finance minister. There have been a secret U.S. attempt to explore this option, however, that Iran was opposed, and therefore opposed militant Shiite figures. The concern of the need to form an Iraqi government, Obama decided to accept Maliki as prime minister, while seeking to conclude a deal within Allawi and other members of the Iraqi bloc in the government fold. Is that the order of power-sharing agreement was not easy, after rejection of Talabani to Obama's request, White House decided to avoid dealing with him completely. At a letter sent to the President of the Kurdistan region, Massoud Barzani, Obama emphasized again the need to step down Talabani as president, and hinted to help States will continue United in their submission to the Kurds. But Barzani rejected the proposal, expressing his displeasure with being asked to solve a problem between Arab Shiites and Sunnis at the expense of the Kurds. was the Americans position alternative, which is the establishment of a new council respect policy strategy takes Allawi claimed responsibility, but al-Maliki and Allawi disagreed about the authorities that would have enjoyed this new Council He never appears to light. It is true that some members of Allawi's party received government positions outstanding, but the attribute most important of which was the White House stresses in any power-sharing agreement did not exist only on paper only, and revealed spokeswoman official that the White House did not «complies» any particular option, and succeeded in Access to 'inclusive government'. however delayed the process of forming a new Iraqi government, the Obama administration began in January (January) in 2011 to direct its attention towards negotiating a deal could be U.S. troops to stay beyond 2011. At a conference on 2 June via video with al-Maliki, Obama stressed that any agreement will require ratification by the Iraqi parliament, but not everyone within the American camp in agreement with this condition, it was Brett Macgork, a former aide in the management President Bush, asked him to President Obama's administration to return to Baghdad to help in the talks, believe that it is possible to avoid a heated parliamentary battle through to reach an understanding in the context of an overall agreement on economic and security cooperation, an approach proposed by Maliki himself many times. However, the White House had wanted complete immunity for any troops remain in Iraq, which insisted Lawyers U.S. government and Supreme Court Chief Iraqi and James Jeffrey, the U.S. ambassador in Baghdad, that requires a new agreement certified by the Iraqi parliament. complicated negotiations because of the failure of the Americans to broker to conclude power-sharing agreement, under maneuvers Iraqi leaders in the pursuit of power and the continued presence of Allawi outside the government, none of the al-Maliki or his opponent did not want to expose himself to risk by supporting the continued U.S. military presence, no matter how small. Meanwhile, the House White wants to avoid any perception that seeks to reach a deal to keep troops in Iraq after undertaking re-combat troops to go home. By the month of August (August), was assistant in the White House are pushing for military downsizing and re-open the issue of the number of troops needed. Both Clinton and Leon Panetta, who succeeded Robert Gates as defense secretary, sees the need to continue the talks and that the target (as in the past) is to keep the power of up to 10 thousand soldiers. On 13 August, only Obama issue during video conference ruled out the option of retaining force consisted of 10 thousand soldiers, as well as a revised proposal to reduce the number to only 7 thousand. The talks will resume, but the size of the force that has kept the United States there is diminished, where he became the new target is the survival of some 3,500 troops and force rotation of up to 1,500 troops and 6 fighter jets F-16. However, no agreement has been reached, and some experts say that under Iraqi fears regarding sovereignty as well as the Iranian pressure, the politicians in Baghdad were not prepared simply to make the tough decisions that need to seek parliamentary approval. Others point out that Iraqis feel contradictory located at Americans, and he asked them to take political decisions is popularly accepted in exchange for military advantage modest. On 21 October (October), Obama held another conference via video with al-Maliki, the first debate of its kind since the start of the talks in June , were terminated negotiations and agreement on the return of all U.S. troops to the homeland .. Michael Gordon / Service: The New York Times Middle East