Strategic framework agreement for a relationship of friendship and cooperation betwee
(History) Stretegic framework agreement for a relationship of friendship and cooperation between the Republic of Iraq and the United States of America
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The Republic of Iraq and the United States of America:
1. affirm the sincere desire of the two countries to establish a long - term relationship of cooperation and friendship based on the principle of sovereign equality and the rights and principles contained in the Charter of the United Nations and the common interests of both,
2. Recognizing the great and the positive developments that have occurred in Iraq after April 9, 2003, and the courage of the Iraqi people to establish a democratically elected government under a new constitution, and welcomed an end to the mandate and the mandate the multinational force under resolution No. (1790) adopted by the Security Council of the United Nations on the basis of Chapter VII no later than 31 December 2008, a reminder that the situation in Iraq is fundamentally different from the situation that existed when the UN Security Council adopted resolution difference (661) in 1990 , and particularly the danger posed by the Government of Iraq to peace and security may still, the emphasis in this context that Iraq should be back by December 31, 2008 to the legal and international status that it enjoyed prior to the issuance of the Security Council of the United Nations resolution No. (661),
3. In line with the Declaration of Principles of long - term relationship of cooperation and friendship between Iraq and the United States signed on November 26, 2007,
4. Recognizing the desire of both countries to establish a long - term relationship, and the need to support the success of the political process, and promote national reconciliation in Iraq , federal unified framework, building a diverse and sophisticated economy ensures the integration of Iraq into the international community,
5. Reaffirming once again that such a long - term relationship in the economic, diplomatic, cultural and security fields that will contribute to the strengthening and development of democracy in Iraq, and would also secure by Iraq to assume full responsibility for security, and the safety of its people and preserve the peace in Iraq and between countries in the region,
They have agreed as follows:
Section I: Principles of Cooperation
These agreement on a number of general principles for drawing the future relationship between the two countries in accordance with the course of the following:
1. relationship based on friendship and cooperation to the mutual respect and the principles and recognized standards of international law and to meet international obligations, and the principle of non - interference in internal affairs, rejection of the use of violence to settle differences.
2. The existence of a strong Iraq capable of defending himself is essential to achieve stability in the region.
3. The temporary presence of US forces in Iraq is at the request of the sovereign Government of Iraq, and full respect for the sovereignty of Iraq.'4. The United States should not use the territory and waters and airspace of Iraq starting point or transit point for attacks on other countries and not to seek or request permanent bases or a permanent military presence in Iraq.
Section II: the political and diplomatic cooperation
The two sides stems from a common understanding that their mutual efforts and cooperation in the political and diplomatic issues that would improve and strengthen security and stability in Iraq and in the region. In this regard , the United States should make every effort to work through the democratically elected government of Iraq in order to :
1. supporting and strengthening democracy and democratic institutions in Iraq that have been identified and established in the constitution, and in doing so, enhance the ability of Iraq to protect those institutions from both internal and external threats.
2. Support and strengthen Iraq 's position in the regional and international organizations and institutions even play a positive and constructive role in the international community.
3. Support the Government of Iraq 's efforts in establishing positive relations with the countries of the region based on mutual respect and the principles of non - intervention, and the dialogue positive among nations, and the peaceful resolution of disputes, including matters arising from the previous regime 's practices that are still damaging to Iraq, without the use of force or violence, so as to enhance the security and stability of the region and the welfare of their people.
Section III: defense and security cooperation
Order to strengthen security and stability in Iraq, thus contributing to the peace and stability of the international, and enhance the ability of the Republic of Iraq to deter all threats against its sovereignty, security and territorial integrity, the parties continue to work on the development of close cooperation relations with regard to arrangements for defense and security , without prejudice to Iraqi sovereignty over its territory and waters and airspace. It is this cooperation in the areas of security and defense in accordance with the agreement between the United States and the Republic of Iraq on the withdrawal of US forces from Iraq and the Organization of Their Activities during Their Temporary Presence in.
Section IV: Cultural Cooperation
The two sides stems from the conviction that the links between their citizens that are held through cultural exchange and educational ties, and explore common Trathma Archaeological will lead to the establishment of a strong, long - term friendship and mutual respect Links. To this end , the Parties agree to cooperate to:
1. encourage cultural and social exchanges and facilitate cultural activities, such as the exchange of visits by citizens programs, and youth exchange program and study, the international program to establish links and exchange (GCE), and the program of teaching and learning of the English language.
2. Encourage and facilitate cooperation and coordination in the field of higher education and scientific research, and to encourage investment in the field ofeducation, including through the establishment of universities and affiliations between Iraqi and American social and academic institutions, such as agricultural extension program of the US Department of Agriculture.
3. Promote the development of future leaders in Iraq through exchanges, training and fellowship programs, such as the Fulbright Programme, the International Visitor Leadership Program (IVLP), in areas including science, engineering, medicine, information technology and communications , public administration and strategic planning.
4. Promote and facilitate the process of applying for US visas consistent with US laws and procedures, in order to activate the participation of qualified Iraqi individuals in scientific, educational and cultural activities.
5. Encourage Iraq 's efforts in the field of social welfare and human rights.
6. encourage the efforts of Iraqi and contributions to the international efforts exerted to preserve Iraq 's cultural heritage, and the protection of monuments, rehabilitation of Iraqi museums, and help Iraq restore and renovate its effects smuggled through projects such as the Future of Babylon, and the actions taken under the US emergency protection of Iraqi cultural relics law 2004.
SECTION V: Cooperation in the fields of economy, energy
The building of a prosperous and diversified economy and growing in Iraq, and is integrated into the global economic system, and is capable of providing basic services to the Iraqi people, and to welcome the return of Iraqi citizens living outside the country at the present time will require unprecedented capital investment in the reconstruction and development of natural and human excellence Iraq 's resources, and the integration of Iraq into the global economy and its institutions. To this end , the Parties agree to cooperate to:
1. Support Iraq 's efforts to invest its resources for economic development and sustainable development and investment in the improvement of basic services to the Iraqi people projects.
2. Maintain active bilateral dialogue on actions to increase Iraq 's development, including through dialogue on economic cooperation, and the Convention on the Trade and Investment Framework upon entry into force.
3. To promote the expansion of bilateral trade through the US - Iraq Business Dialogue, and bilateral exchange programs, such as trade promotion, access to the Export-Import Bank programs.
4. Support further integration into Iraq in circles regional and international financial and economic institutions, including membership in the World Trade Organization, as well as by the continuation of normal trade relations with the United States.
5. Strengthen international efforts to develop the Iraqi economy and Iraqi efforts to rebuild and rehabilitate its economic infrastructure and conservation, including continued cooperation with the Private Investment Corporation Overseas.
6. urged all parties to abide by commitments made under the International Compact with Iraq, the aim of the rehabilitation of Iraq 's economic institutions and increasing economic growth through the implementation of reforms that lay the foundation for private sector development and job creation.
7. facilitate direct investment into Iraq to contribute to the reconstruction and development of its economy flow.
8. encourage the Iraqi electricity and oil and gas sectors of development, including the rehabilitation of vital facilities and institutions, strengthening and rehabilitating Iraqi capabilities.
9. work with the international community to assist in determining the whereabouts of the money and property of the family of Saddam Hussein and his regime, which have been illegally exported and retrieval, as well as smuggled antiquities and cultural heritage before April 9, 2003 and beyond.
10. encourage the creation of a positive environment for investment in order to modernize the private industrial sector in Iraq to stimulate growth and the expansion of industrial production, including through the promotion of networking with US industrial enterprises.
11. encourage development in the field of air, land and sea transport, as well as the rehabilitation of Iraqi ports and the enhancement of maritime trade between the two sides, including the facilitation of cooperation with the US Federal Highway Administration.
12. Maintain an active dialogue on agricultural issues to help Iraq to domestic agricultural production and trade policies development.
13. promote access to programs that will increase the productivity of each of the farms, institutions and marketing in order to achieve higher incomes and increase employment, and to continue to build on the successful programs of the US Department of Agriculture and the US Agency for International Development in the field of agri - business and agricultural extension and participation in policy formulation.
14. Encourage increased Iraqi agricultural exports, including through participation in the formulation of policies, and to encourage Iraqis to educate exporters on the US regulations in the field of health and safety.
Section VI: Health and environmental cooperation
In order to improve the health of the citizens of Iraq, and to protect and improve the natural environment unique historic land of Mesopotamia, the parties agree to cooperate in order to :
1. Support and strengthen Iraq 's efforts to build its infrastructure and health structures, and the strengthening of health systems and networks.
2. Support Iraq 's efforts to train health and medical cadres and competencies.
3. establish a dialogue on health policy issues in order to support long - term development in Iraq. Topics may include reducing the spread of infectious diseases, preventive and mental health, and health care specialist, and raise the efficiency of the Iraqi medical supply system.
4. To encourage the Iraqi investment and international in the field of health and facilitate the exchange of specialists , professionals programs in order to promote the transfer of expertise and assistance in the establishment of relations between the medical and health institutions, and to continue to build on existing programs with the US Department of Health and Human Services , including the centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( CDC ) .
5. Encourage Iraqi efforts to strengthen the Iraqi environment protection and preservation, improvement and development and promotion of regional and international environmental cooperation mechanisms.
Section VII: Cooperation in the field of information and communication technology
Communications are the lifeblood of economic growth in the atheist and the twentieth century, as well as the foundation to support democracy and civil society. In order to improve access to information and promote the development of the latest communications industry in Iraq, the parties agree to cooperate in order to :
1. Support the exchange of information and best practices in the areas of regulation of telecommunication services and information technology development policies.
2. exchange of views and practices relating to liberalizing information technologies and telecommunications services markets, and support for an independent regulatory body.
3. encourage active Iraqi participation in the meetings and initiatives IGF, including the upcoming international meetings.
Section VIII: Cooperation in the field of law enforcement and the judiciary
Parties agree to cooperate in order to :
1.dam develop integration and security of the Iraqi criminal justice system, including police, courts and prisons.
2. exchange of ideas and best practices related to judicial capacity building and training, including continuing professional development for each of the judges, judicial investigators and members of the judicial system security and administrative personnel courts activities.
3. strengthen ties between law enforcement agencies and the judicial system to combat corruption and common transnational criminal threats states, such as terrorism, trafficking in persons, organized crime, drugs, and money laundering, and smuggling of antiquities, and computer crimes.
Section IX: Joint Committees
1.ahkl parties coordination committee to monitor the higher the overall implementation of this agreement and the development of agreed targets. The committee meets on a regular basis and may include representatives of ministries and relevant institutions.
2. The Parties will establish joint committees additional coordinate, as necessary, responsible for implementation of this agreement and supervision. And keep track of the joint coordinating committees Supreme Coordinating Committee, and shall include:
a. Implementation and follow - up consultation on a regular basis in order to encourage more effective implementation of this Convention and to assist in resolving differences as necessary means,
b. Propose new projects for cooperation and conduct discussions and negotiations in accordance with what is needed in order to reach agreement on the details of such cooperation,
c. The involvement of ministries and other government institutions from time to time for the purpose of expanding the scope of coordination, that these meetings are held in Iraq and in the United States, according to be appropriate.
3. The disputes that may arise under this Agreement through diplomatic channels, unless they are settled in the framework of the Joint Coordinating Committee concerned, and what could not be resolved within the framework of the Higher Coordinating Committee.
Section X: Implementing Agreements and Arrangements
The parties may conclude further agreements or arrangements, as necessary and appropriate, to implement this agreement.
Section atheist Twelve: Final Provisions
1. This Agreement shall enter into force on the first of January 2009, after an exchange of diplomatic notes confirming the completion of the necessary actions of the parties to implement this agreement under the relevant window in both countries constitutional procedures.
2. This Agreement shall remain in force unless either party provides written notice to the other party intent to terminate this Agreement. The termination shall be effective one year after the date of such notification.
3. This Agreement may be modified by mutual consent in writing and in accordance with the constitutional procedures in force in the two countries.
4. subject all the cooperation under this Agreement with the laws and instructions of the two countries.
The signing of this agreement in Baghdad on the seventeenth of the month of November 2008 on two original copies in Arabic and English and each text being equally authentic.