- JUNE 16, 2016
Eight weeks passed since the launching of the peace consultations between the Yemeni government and rebels , a UN - sponsored in Kuwait, without international envoy succeed in bridging the lack of trust between the parties and achieve a breakthrough puts the dispute on the rails solution.
Since the start of consultations on April 21, tried to Special Envoy of the UN Secretary Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed imparted optimism on the path of negotiation, and repeated that the "concessions" are required from both sides, and that "failure out of the equation" in light of the conflict scooped more than 6,400 people dead and about 30,000 wounded during nearly 15 months, and the cause of humanitarian and economic conditions are difficult.
But these calls have not been to a large extent, be heard by the delegation of the government of President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, backed by the Arab coalition led by Saudi Arabia and Shi'ite allies and loyalists of former President Ali Abdullah Saleh, close to Iran. So that positive steps are limited, Kalafraj about half of the prisoners by the month of Ramadan, did not find its way to full implementation.
According to a Western diplomatic source told AFP, "The gap is still great between the two parties," and they are far apart in a "lack of mutual trust."
And it seemed to Gulf countries, mostly involved in the alliance, which began operations late March / March 2015, seeking to push for a political solution to the conflict. On the sidelines of the negotiation in recent weeks, he recorded meetings between negotiators and Yemeni leaders of the Gulf, the most prominent emir of Kuwait, Qatar, and the secretary general of the Gulf Cooperation Council, Abdul Latif Al-Zayani.
According to government and diplomatic sources, Ould Cheikh Ahmed early June took the lead after meetings with negotiators and diplomats from the countries concerned a series of consultations, a road map to a peaceful resolve of the two delegations to raise three points.
The proposal states, according to sources, the "cancel the constitutional declaration and resolve the Revolutionary Committee and the consequences to them," in reference to what followed the fall of Sanaa rebels, however, in September / Spettmr 2014.
The proposal also calls for the formation of a military commission to oversee the rebels, heavy and medium weapons delivery, and the withdrawal from the cities that they took by force, including Sanaa and the surrounding areas, in addition to other provinces in the center and south. This committee will also work on "rearranging the conditions of the army and security," and "secure areas that are of them to withdraw."
According to the proposal, following these steps the government's return to Sanaa from its headquarters timer in Aden (South), during a maximum period of two months, and Hadi issued a general amnesty. It followed by a declaration of "government of national partnership," paving the way for the resumption of the political process for a transition period of two years.
In an effort to lay the foundations of a rapprochement between the two parties based on the steps in good faith, the international envoy tried to push the two sides to release half of the detainees have before the start of the month of Ramadan. Despite reaching a tentative agreement on that, but it was not enforced.
But some of the detainees have been release them during the last period, including 187 rebels have been released, while the coalition to hand over 52 children he said he was detained in combat zones after being recruited from the rebels.
- "Vicious circle" -
And resumed direct negotiations Monday after it was suspended for nearly two weeks.
He said Ould Cheikh Ahmed dawn on Wednesday, "continued the debate about military and security issues and the details of the formation of the military and security committees."
Rebel delegation insists on its demand to form a "consensual power" remains.
The head of the delegation, Mohammed Abdel-Salam said in a press Tuesday statement that "any paper does not meet the demands of the people the power to compromise ... would refuse," explaining that the consensus must include the institution of the presidency and the formation of a national unity government in addition to the agreement on the security and military commission.
In contrast, the official delegation waved to withdraw in the event of not changing the rebels from their position.
The head of the delegation and Yemeni Foreign Minister Abdul-Malik al-Mikhlafi, told the channel "Sky News Arabia" on Tuesday night, "Maybe we need another week ... I think we'll get to the end," when asked about the timeframe for the survival of the government delegation in the consultations.
"It's not just the government delegation, but also ambassadors of the countries (involved consultations Yemen) and Special Envoy of the UN C_lemlmon their papers and leave," stressing that the negotiations "are caught in a vicious circle" since its inception.
Coinciding with the attempts to achieve a political breakthrough, the situation on the ground remained unchanged to a large extent, with the continued registration of violations of the cease-fire, which started at midnight April 10 to 11. And Wednesday, military sources said nine rebels were killed in an air raid of the Arab coalition on Tuesday night at the Al-Jouf (province north), while eight rebels and six members of the government troops were killed within 24 hours of clashes in the province of Dali (South) controlled by the pro-presidential forces Hadi.
Nevertheless, a second diplomatic source confirmed the desire of both sides to continue consultations.
He said that "10 of the 18 state sponsor promised to direct to oversee the implementation of the agreement by international observers, while reserving the right to intervene against any party" hamper its implementation.