Identification of the Iraqi economy Options

6/1/2016 0:00

Faris Al Salman al - Rubaie

missed Iraq since 2003 through the economic recovery did not invest the proceeds of the massive rise in oil prices , which could have been invested to achieve the developmental economic boom.

The confusion that currently experienced by the Iraqi economy, caused by a lack of identification of the Iraqi economy, not to mention the weakness and lack of strategic economic planning as well as shortcomings in the management of resources and the reluctance to enforce the law and the weakness of regulatory and legislative institutions as well as the impact of the administrative and financial corruption in most of the joints. At the time everyone was waiting for a big economic successes of successive governments and the parliament , and regulators, and limiting the performance of government on the reaction , no more politics.

We will try in Mbgesna this that are feeling the optimal economic way for the advancement of economic reality through a review of the main methods and economic theories followed by the countries of the world and the extent of compatibility with the Iraqi reality.

between the free - market economy and socialism produced the capitalist system , the theory of globalization and free market economy, a comprehensive liberalization of the market and trade liberalization of capital movements as well as the frantic quest for profit through fierce competition and monopoly Wild. this in turn create social problems for labor rights account and the stability of wages and the weakening of social security, which inevitably leads to the killing of social development, and I mean in other words , the control of the private sector on the economic file and fully determine the contribution of the government in the economic process, and on the contrary, we find in the socialist system , the dominance of the state 's authority over all economy facilities.

We have the need arose to the theory of trying to combine the laws of free market economy and the social principles of the socialist system, and Anni so socialist democracy, but we are talking about the theory aims to attend the government in the maintenance and control of the relationship between market competition and social justice.

the varied experiences in this field, for example , we find Sweden has adopted a successful model of socialist democracy, a model close to the social market economy in terms of securing social and health service benefits, and even exceeded the socialist countries in it, while the German social market theory focused on employers and trade agreement to report wages and providing funds for the training and development of professional competencies .

there are those who mistakenly believed that the social market economy belongs to the socialist theory, and in fact is the model proposed by the two Germans (Alfred Ormick and Udwing Earhart) combines the advantages of a free market economy in terms of economic power efficient and the abundance of product and between socialist theory to avoid fierce competition, monopoly and prevent the exploitation of workers and allow the creation of unions and their participation in decision - making accompanied by strict control of the government and not to allow commercial operations abusing the social system.

in a free market economy is the role of the state negatively in terms of protecting the community socially, while in the social market economy is the role of government oversight and keeps the economy the focus of such economic stimulus legislation and fair competition laws and approval of social security policies. the theory (Earhart) is to try to combine the freedom of trade , social justice and economic growth within the framework of an economic and social system balanced.

Take , for example , applied: the Germany emerged from World War II totally destroyed and adopted a social market economy through the following steps:

1 - Support for civil society.

2 - the foundations of civil society - stock companies for the production and rebuilding backed banks such as Mercedes and Voleksoagn and Bayer Pharmaceuticals and ThyssenKrupp Steel Industries, and in electricity was set up contributing companies civil possessed nineteen nuclear reactor to produce electricity.

3 - has been supporting small and medium - sized companies to create development thus achieved these companies jobs and wide as well as social security for labor.

4 - encourage the government to small businesses and medium by way of loans to encourage competition in order to encourage people to work and support their families and employment.

5 - the German government has encouraged the establishment of courses and seminars to educate the public in ways that set up business ventures and economic and terms of support and tax transactions , and others.

As a result of the success of the German experience and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 brought back a lot of parties European communist consider their economic programs, the Italian Communist party amended his theory of Marxism - Leninism to socialist democracy theory which is different from the social market economy theory, but close is somewhat of them.

these differ theory liberal theory of social and liberal socialism, as the last two Traian that it is the duty of the state job creation, health care, education and civil rights, which calls for respect for individual freedom and tolerance , and is that the right to work and the right to payment of adequate remuneration to work no less important than the right to own property. which they are here agree with the social market economy that excel them a theory because they believe in ownership individual means of production with state regulation of the market in order to achieve fair competition and achieves the same time social justice and social services such as education , health and security, human rights , in other words , it achieves a balance between capitalism and socialism any achieved a balance between economic freedom and justice in order to serve the community any way that serves the public good.

between liberalism and the Democratic Socialist the difference between social liberalism and social democracy, the first out of the thought of classical liberalism believe in capitalism while out socialist democracy of thought revolutionary socialist insurers struggle classes and became a reformist, but they were still far away from the absolute capitalism while we find that the liberal socialist supports liberal economic thought and property rights and the role of the private sector and supports the rights of the working class and the provision of social services but up.

As long as the man is extremely anti - Semitic and simultaneously is the means to achieve that end must therefore focus on the respect of human rights and humanitarian value higher and human resource development and optimal utilization in order to achieve service like the idealism of the community.

open market risk that open markets mean financially liberal and commercially rapidly and growth is uneven wealth and opportunities, and generate environmental problems and social considerable, as produced open markets and social unrest in developing countries in economic losses as a result of breaking the national economic barriers and the international spread of activities commercial, financial and productivity as well as the growing ability of intercontinental companies and international financial institutions as a result of these operations.

it was a liberation in the form of financial and trade liberalization and investment, has resulted in the demise of the system (Bretton Woods) 1972-1973 (Bretton Woods) to launch an international trade exchanges overseas have grown this market from a daily rate of $ 15 billion in 1973 to more than $ 150 billion in 2007. this was the best proof of financial liberalization and increased trade liberalization but not with the same pace , it was $ 315 billion in 1970 and became the 3447 billion dollars in 1990 (source, Martin Khor, globalization: reconsideration).

Has emerged as the fragility of this system in the East Asian financial crisis in 1997 and then the global recession in 2007 due to real estate debt crisis. Attributable not keep pace with the speed of trade liberalization and financial liberalization to business cycles series multifaceted and tariffs by agreement (GATT) despite the presence of tariffs are high in developed countries in sectors such as agriculture, textile, and the presence of a constant growth in the liberalization of foreign direct investment (FDI).

It was it is just as focused in a few developing countries , while the least developed in the received little foreign direct investment flows, which made ​​cross-border companies replace the centralized state which was a large company that manages the economy. and in other words, the transnationals thanks to the merger and acquisition of a major international company and one became a multinational controls the largest number of the shares of global markets. economic prime Baghdad forum