The text of a speech the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the UN
The text of a speech the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq , Jan Kubiš before the Security Council session
2016-05-08 02:26:00 | (Voice of Iraq) - Baghdad
He gave the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the UN in Iraq , Jan Kubiš a speech to the Security Council session on Friday , May 6, 2016:
I am honored to introduce the third report of the Secretary-General (S / 2016/396) pursuant to paragraph 7 of resolution 2233 (2015), and also the tenth report of the Secretary-General (S / 2016/372) pursuant to paragraph 4 of resolution 2107 (2013) on the issue of missing Kuwaiti and third - country nationals and the issue of missing Kuwaiti property.
Since the last briefing to the Security Council Baghdad swept the country and a deep political crisis caused paralysis and rigidity of the government and the House of Representatives work. The failure of the Government of Iraq and the political class to reach agreement and the implementation of reforms that improve the governance, accountability and justice for all on an equal footing, and to provide jobs and services , and to root out corruption, as demanded by the people of Iraq, especially in Baghdad and the southern Shiite provinces since August / August the past, has pushed the protesters to demand reform of the government as a whole, as well as the political process, and to abandon its claim ethnic and sectarian quota approach , which has been entrenched in the Iraqi political system since 2003.
Sadr 's supporters
In February he joined the supporters of Muqtada al - Sadr to a mix of protesters from civil society. As a result of these pressures, Prime Minister al - Abadi tried to expedite the submission of his reform program and replaced by the Council of Ministers formed on the basis of party affiliation, ethnic or sectarian so - called government composed of technocrats , people, as called for al- Sadr, among others.
For the majority of Iraqi protesters, this government is required to enact real reforms, rid the country of the strong patronage system, and achieve success in the fight against corruption. Whatever the case, the majority of Iraqi political blocs refuse a radical overhaul of the political process.
These attempts are an effort to delegitimize not about the government or the House of Representatives, but also for the entire political system. It is worth noting that those blocks are also a chest of work to try to take power based on the Shiite background.
After months of debate and weeks of political paralysis and a split in the House of Representatives, resulted in the promise of finding a solution to the political stalemate for some new ministerial appointments to the parliamentary meeting held on April 26. However , that hope has been a big setback in the April 30.
Storming the parliament building
Once it became clear that the vote will not be on another group of candidates for the ministries of the Sadrist movement, protesters broke from the Sadrist movement and civil society checkpoints in the Green Zone and stormed the parliament building.
Unfortunately, the acts of sabotage and attacks on some members of parliament ended its practice of peaceful protests lasted for several months. Protesters from the Green Zone has pulled out the next day, but they have pledged to do more work in a series of escalating steps , namely: the three constitutional leaders refused in the country, and the holding of early elections, the culmination of those steps, if necessary, to launch attacks on the headquarters of the authority, disobedience civil, or general strike, the government and the parliament did not rapid progress on the subject of reforms. At this stage, and although the situation has calmed down, it is still not possible to predict, and manifestations can be manifested in many different directions.
Supreme religious authority
Since the beginning of the protest pro-reform movement in August 2015, has consistently Shiite religious leadership, any religious authority, people 's requests for supports in order to find political solutions to the current political crisis in the deep, as well as conducting gradual reforms in Iraq, including through the latest statement issued by the Grand Ayatollah Ali al - Sistani 's office in May 4 / May, where renewed religious authority in that statement warning of the parties of the consequences of continuing on the current path in dealing with the country 's issues and with many crises, and called her statement to reflect on the future of its people and to take serious and concrete steps to resolve the situation current.
I urge strongly the government, and the constitutional leaders, politicians and civil society to work together in a constructive dialogue, will not only lead to a solution to the political stalemate, but also gives a clear perspective for a better future for the people, any dialogue unites the Iraqi people and their leaders.
Maintaining the focus and unify efforts in the fight against the so - called Islamic State of Iraq and Syria remains a critical priority, followed by the mobilization of international assistance to alleviate the economic and financial crisis is deep, as well as the humanitarian crisis and to promote stability and the return of internally displaced persons. The approach is to follow the view that business as usual will not be enough for the people. People want real change improves the conditions of his life.
The resumption of the work of parliament
It is imperative to resume work in the House of Representatives, and a confirmation able to promote the real reforms and the government are willing to do so. And it must be on the Iraqi political groups to cooperate together to find a political solution based on the Constitution and the law and democratic principles in order to meet the needs of the people, and end the division and paralysis in parliament, and can accelerate the necessary reforms age, and take measures to combat corruption, and the smooth functioning of the work of state institutions without threat or intimidation.
As well as call upon the Government to work to take concrete steps to promote women 's participation in political life as part of the reform process.
In spite of the remarkable progress and consistent in the field against the organization of the Islamic state, but it remains a formidable enemy and categorically that continuously adjusts its tactics and patterns of attacks, while taking into account the developments in Syria developments.
As the Secretary - General informed the Council on numerous occasions, it can not roll back regulation by military means alone. Without addressing the root causes of extremism and violent core and its ideology, not destined for the efforts of sustainability and stability.
As military victories should be complemented by support for the displaced, and to increase efforts to achieve stability, and rehabilitation , which gives priority to the rule of law and good governance, and to enable internally displaced persons to return safely to their places of origin. At the same time, the priority must be on the Iraqi political and sectarian reconciliation give.
Dialogue with Erbil
The resumption of contacts and dialogue recently between Baghdad and Erbil should be turned into a cooperation with mutual benefit and genuine partnership. It is necessary to resolve differences and work together. The reforms are working to create the conditions for the promotion of financial and technical support from the international community to Iraq, including the Kurdistan region.
The Secretary General 's visit to Iraq on March 26 / March , which was accompanied by Mr. Jim Yong Kim, World Bank Group President, Mr. Ahmad Mohamed Ali Al Madani, President of the Islamic Development Bank, was an example of the seriousness of the international community 's support for Iraq.
And the world must recognize that Iraq at this critical juncture need to increase international support, because it does not shrink suffer many challenges and distance himself from the legacy of the past of poor governance and corruption. And the international community is ready to provide more support, but must be on the Iraqis themselves must implement reforms to put their country on the road to recovery.
Fund and the World Bank International
We welcome the progress made by Iraq 's negotiations with the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, which offers should be finalized during another round of negotiations taking place in Amman in mid - May / May.
It is also essential to achieve positive results to promote the issue of Iraq in the next Summit of the Group of Seven , to be held in Japan.
The liberated areas
Achieving stability in the newly liberated areas has been a priority, and a key element in laying the foundations for reconciliation in the future. As the enormous problems, as can be seen from the example of Ramadi province, in conjunction with the huge challenges caused by the widespread destruction level, and the unprecedented pollution caused by explosive devices.
Despite the warnings , the government launched about the threat posed by improvised explosive devices, already thousands of desperate families have returned to the city of Ramadi and the surrounding areas.
We are deeply concerned about the news stories about the occurrence of dozens of civilian casualties caused by booby traps and improvised explosive devices laid by the organization of the Islamic state, as well as remnants of the explosive devices.
The Mine Action Service of the United Nations, in close cooperation with the national authorities and provincial authorities and directed them, played a role in helping to mobilize international capacity to deal with the explosive remnants of war, including improvised explosive devices at the local level.
I am concerned about reports Daash using chemicals as weapons in its attacks on civilians and security forces, as happened recently in Bashir, and Taza and rain.
I urge the international community to support the ongoing in those incidents carried out by the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons investigations, and to ensure the accountability of anyone found to be involved in using or facilitating the use of chemical weapons.
The humanitarian crisis in Iraq is still one of the worst crises in the world. Has doubled over the past year the number of Iraqis who need help. Although nearly one - third of the population, more than 10 million people now need some form of humanitarian assistance.
It is certain that the military campaign leads in the coming months, subject to the scope and intensity, mass displacement. In the worst - case scenario, maybe it is displaced more than two million Iraqis by the end of last year.
The United Nations is particularly concerned about the humanitarian situation in Fallujah , which still lies under the control of the organization of the Islamic state, which is effectively under siege. The government is to provide safety for families unable to access points Altjma.vkd has mobilized humanitarian community to provide life - saving support to those families and persons trapped in Fallujah.
The Humanitarian Response Plan for 2016 require the availability of the amount of $ 861 million to provide life - saving assistance to the seven million Araca.omn disappointing that so far only a quarter of that amount is not available. And $ 300 million did not arrive by June, it will shrink or close dozens of basic life - saving programs.
It is the target of priority humanitarian plan for this year include the existing needs in Albuld.ola include for the liberation of Mosul additional requirements included in the contingency plans.
The amount needed to help those who will be affected by the military operation in Mosul will stop directly on the type of operation. If what happened to the destruction on a large scale and mass displacement for a long time, the cost would be enormous support of the population.
We also need to step up human resources and funding to meet the enormous needs of women and girls displaced, and those needs include education and psychological care specialist.
I would now like to turn to the tenth report of the Secretary-General (S / 2016/372) on the issue of missing Kuwaiti and third - country nationals and Kuwaiti property lost, including the National Archives.
I have officially received the Iraqi Defense Ministry technical review of the file of missing Kuwaitis, it has resumed work on it, and undertake a number of activities since the transition. These are a welcome and encouraging step, and I hope to add momentum to the efforts of the Government of Iraq. Unfortunately, the stalemate continues in regard to missing Kuwaiti property.
In follow - up visit by the Secretary - General, she accompanied him on his visit to Kuwait at the end of March / March, where we felt encouraged by every possible step taken by the Iraqi leadership to achieve tangible progress in relation to the issues of missing persons and property.
In order to contribute to this effort more actively, the United Nations Assistance Mission to Iraq will continue with other stakeholders to solicit their help in various aspects that will help to push forward Balamlah.gar
I would like to emphasize that the main responsibility for ensuring progress rests Alarac.binma government realize the magnitude of the challenges facing Iraq today, it is imperative for the government to fulfill its international obligations, and can not be leaving that issue aside.