Knowledge economy .. the main engine for growth and development

04/04/2016 0:00 BAGHDAD - Imad Emirate

He said the academic at the Faculty of Administration and Economy of Mustansiriya University d. Menem Daham al-Attiyah, said the knowledge that came third industrial revolution has helped the spread of industrial companies and financial institutions, trade and multinational what made improvements in information and knowledge leads to achieve higher economic returns.
Al-Attiyah said in an interview with «morning» that comes to benefit from best natural factors or Ed cheaper labor or expertise of a certain quality, they are also affected in human development, including its achievements in health, agriculture, communications and education.
Reciprocal influences
He added that the changes in technology and human development of scientific revolution and modern technology has affected and influenced by the knowledge, and knowledge has become a barometer president of the distinction between progress
And underdevelopment.
He noted that the future is knowledge and knowledge is the economy of the future, and with the emergence of this new economy of these concepts began to change with the
Production tools, the knowledge economy is not known and random improvisation does not depend on the laws of chance.
Prompt planning
He stressed that everything is planned and directed, and that the production of wealth depends on the ability of brains and innovation, as studies and experiments have proved that 20 percent of the elements of power due to the availability of natural resources and the rule of capital, while 80 percent of the world's economies are due to scientific and technological knowledge , which means clearly that whatever the grandeur of the main natural resources, but they are Atsem by 20 percent to support economic capacity.
Activation of development
Attiyah pointed out that South Korea's experience is a great a model in the application of the knowledge economy and its relationship to activate human development, where the South Korean economy based on agricultural production throughout the nineteenth century, and the land and manpower and capital elements of this production, the engine of job creation for humans, and during the twentieth century draws concern in South Korea about the industrial sector, and in the twenty-first century, the South Korean economy moved to a knowledge-based economy as the base engine for economic growth and development of human capabilities.
Education opportunities
He continued, accompanied Koreans evolution of scientific and technological revolution symbols through the creation of educational opportunities for all and take care of the establishment of information network, and supported by the South Korean government research and development directly through incentives and other forms of aid provided in the form of bonuses and tax breaks for enterprises to finance R & D activities, as well as tax cuts and import duties on equipment research and tax incentives to encourage imports of development, the government awarded a long-term, low-interest loans to companies involved in R & D projects.
Strategic option
He said Al-Attiyah has adopted South Korean Knowledge Economy as an option strategic for the development and provision of material yield high employment, proved Korea, the fact that natural resources are not a necessary condition required to achieve development, the South Korea established since 1973, City (Daedeok science), a city of research and development as it embraces more than 60 research center between public and private, scientific the system of any country it is gaining great importance in the knowledge economy, and this system are important roles in the knowledge economy.
Actor said institutions: Led accumulation of knowledge to create long-term economic growth in South Korea, noting that this growth has succeeded in the formation based on the four corners of a solid economy, an effective government institutions develop economic policies, plans and oversees the application and the proper allocation of resources and to encourage creativity and creators , a qualified workforce and trained constantly seeking to develop their capabilities and skills to keep pace with developments in the knowledge of local needs, innovative institutions (companies, institutes and universities), competing for the acquisition of knowledge, modern infrastructure for communications and information helps knowledge-trading, processing and dissemination among members of society.
Attiyah concluded by saying: introduced South Korea's Ministry of Knowledge Economy, because the transition to the knowledge economy requires JavaScript research and creative capabilities of high, so it has happened in South Korea, to identify areas of investment and development necessary for the application of e-government infrastructure, which formed the backbone of the economy based on knowledge and focus to make the maximum energies in order to activate the human development in South Korea, said the attempt
The integration of knowledge-based economy requires substantial follow plans to reach the cognitive capacities in all corners of the system of information and knowledge, particularly in the field of universities and research and development centers.