Why Iran is afraid of the popular movement and the Iraqi How acted with him?

August 31, 2015

Weeks ago, Baghdad is witnessing major cities in central and southern Iraq mobility popular protest against the administrative corruption and the deterioration of services in one of the richest countries in the world of oil, This movement continues despite the success of the Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi in the ratification of the document included the drastic structural reforms.

These protests were not the result of 2015, but this conflict taking development since 2009, it has around Iranian interference in a sharp and deep conflict between two trends contradictory, the current: continued to Iran

Represented by Nuri al-Maliki, and the second current tends to confirm the Iraqi national identity away from the dictates of Iran is represented by Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi.

What the Iraqis want mobility as a result?

The importance of Iraqi demonstrations in that it comes as part of an influential circle in Iraqi political decision-making for the first time since 2003, the Iraqis are demanding a fight against corruption and the provision of services, and reform of the political process.

Yet for every Iraqi area involved in the demonstrations demands shown by their slogans, in the province of Basra maximum southern Iraq, demonstrators called for the implementation of an integrated project for sewage systems, and operation of their children exclusively in the oil companies, also called for the imposition of strict environmental control projects oil companies that plunged Iraq to environmental pollution , in addition to demanding that they upgrade vital service departments to the districts, in order to expand its powers and potential.

The demonstrators Khalis in Diyala province, Vtaliboa change the constitution and resolve the Iraqi parliament and an end to sectarian joint venture system, demonstrators demanded the resignation of the members of the local council to spend pure and refer corrupt them to justice, and when he protested the Iraqi staff members of the Ministry of Industry and Minerals demanded payment of overdue salaries for months, and threatened to resort to open-ended sit, and the closure of a major road in Baghdad that did not pay their salaries.

Recall that in mid-2009, began a series of protests to protest against power outages and deterioration of services, and since that time the political scene Shiite witnessing divisions, dating back more manifestations to the parliamentary elections held in March 2010, when he was unable to Shiite political organizations to enter the election coalition electoral one , as was the case in the 2005 elections, but entered Baitlavi competitors.

According to a study prepared by the Arab Center for Research and Policy Studies after the elections, "deny an important part of the Shiite political organizations take over candidate of a coalition of state law, Nuri al-Maliki, the prime minister for a second term, to go another part of these organizations in 2012, and the coalition with Sunni and Kurdish forces, to project wide to withdraw confidence from the Maliki government, "and stresses that: After the provincial elections of 2013, there was a clear disagreement on the principle of quotas and limits that can organizations Shiite that coalesce during which with Sunni forces, and in 2014, she worked these organizations, backed by the Shiite religious points of reference In Najaf, the output of al-Maliki as prime minister, and the nomination of al-Abadi instead .

Are Iraqis also came out against Iranian interference in their country?

"Iran overland by road .. Karbala remain free," and "Iran overland by road .. Baghdad remain free", some of the slogans chanted by the Iraqis and was told they "reflected a conscious popularly civilians demands exceeded targets to broader political goals, including the refusal and drop the majority of the dominant political parties on the political process and which claims to represent the Iraqi people or large groups of them, "as stated in the Iraqi media.

Secretary General of the Association of Muslim Scholars in Iraq Muthana al-Dhari said: "The Iraqi demonstrations in the center and south of the country objected to the political and sectarian reality and form the nucleus of a national consensus, after the current political process has reached an impasse."

For his part, the Iraqi Institute for Development and Democracy director Ghassan al-Attiyah believes that "Iraq governed by sectarianism and quotas, which lost the rights of citizens, including the so-called component, so came the demonstrations Kadanh political process based on corruption and unable to break the impasse," adding: "the Iraqi street has become screaming in search of power far from sectarian political domination of the neighboring country, which is not satisfied with the political process as a whole and did not pretend to protest the cutting of electricity only. "

Why Iran is afraid of the Iraqi movement and how it behaved with him?

Despite the fact that Iran appeared to be in who understands the demands of the Iraqi protesters scene, but fears that Iraqi mobility are well known, they are aware of the seriousness of the consequences that would result from the Iraqi government in case you can not control these demonstrations, and fear with the most interference from other parties in Iraq opposed to Iranian control on the country, Iranian experts say: "Although the demonstrations are just claims to improve the living conditions, but it may be a golden opportunity for a broader intervention in Iraq by the spammed countries." The former Iranian ambassador to Iraq, Hassan Kazemi-Qomi: "The slogans heard in these demonstrations were initially bear the character of protest at the lack of services and financial and administrative corruption, but it slowly turned that affect the religious authority and the currents of Islamic political appears the face of the will of the Iraqi people ".

So Iran realized that in their interest to pre-empt the mobility of the Iraqi people against corruption, have taken several moves to cope with the situation, he paid those who know the "popular crowd elements" to go down among the demonstrators, and assault, witnesses have said, "that cars belonging to the Iraqi state brought them to the place of pretense Despite the closure of roads for vehicles, they have entered a military bus and went out the same way ", and accuse the Iraqi Iran activists and followers of trying to ride the wave in order to control the popular movement and the Iraqi domination of things, but the Iraqis observers mention that the followers of Iran are taking advantage of the demonstrations" to pass their policies and reproduce close figures from Iran".

Iran and sent to Iraq during the past days, the commander of the Qods Force of the Revolutionary Guards, Qassem Soleimani, Soleimani came to ask the Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi not to proceed firmly reform approved by the support of the ongoing popular protests, and fear of al-Maliki accountable.

Parties that accused Iran of being behind the protests Iraq?

Because of fears of the possibility of the expansion of the protests, Iran attacked Iraqi authorities loyal to the protesters and charged them that they are working according to foreign agendas, or they are non-Muslims, so they said they were with "Daash", and named specific countries behind this movement and, of course, Saudi Arabia is referred to the finger .

The agency, "Tasneem" of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, said in a press report that: "There are fears of attempts to exploit these protests by the reactionary Arab regimes, which seek to prejudice the Iraqi state system," the agency knighted Saudi Arabia specifically, said that " Kingdom painted a new scenario of events in Iraq, where the social claims to give the demonstrators a political nature, in order to overthrow the government of al-Abadi, and open new opportunities for intervention in Iraqi affairs. "

He accused the former Iranian ambassador to Iraq, Hassan Kazemi Qomi, mobility popular Iraqi anti-corruption and governance sectarian pro-Tehran in Iraq, he moved with external support, and said: "The information shows that some embassies that support terrorism in Iraq was behind inciting the demonstrators in the Iraqi capital Baghdad." . He continued to say: "currents that sent some of its elements to states that sponsor terrorism began to train and organize these elements in preparation for their work in the Iraqi capital Baghdad under the cover of popular activities."

For his part, chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of Iran's armed forces the best Fairuz said: "The ongoing crisis in Iraq, artificial, and invitations to pretend to be instigated by the well-known groups, and non-Muslims sometimes, in order to show the government in Baghdad is unable to."