Required reforms directed towards meaningful policies

8/30/2015 0:00

With an 03 percent poverty rate
■ Where are we in the millennium development goals?

BAGHDAD Joseph Zayer

All governments seek to develop a variety of plans to develop its economy so that it can thus from the implementation of development policies for all sectors, it is certain that the government put its ultimate goal of providing a decent living and life affordable for its citizens and care about their well-being, and the dimensions of the ghosts want and dengue and poverty for them and thus it is the most important goals of economists lawmakers is to reduce the proportion of poverty.
For this axis occur «morning» economic expert, Dr. Saad Hussein Fathallah concerned with economic development, he said: «reduce the poverty rate to one half of the Millennium Development Goals adopted in 2000, which constitute targets global amount for the treatment of human deprivation and extreme with its dimensions multi ».
He said Fathallah «There are clear links between education and poverty reduction and sustainability, the poor and marginalized are affected in a manner larger and disproportionately poor environmental and socio-economic conditions. And it can contribute to education for sustainable development in sustainable environmental management to improve livelihoods and increase economic security and income opportunities for the poor.

Informal economies

And it must address the educational responses to the poverty of the fact that many of the world's poor do not participate in the formal market economy while they are engaged in informal economies, many of them self-employed freelancers. »
He noted d. Saad that «the proportion of the population of those who live below the line (the poverty level) in Iraq amounted to about 23 percent in early 2010 and if adding to them the population in the critical level who can turn to below the poverty line due to high prices, for example, that percentage will rise to about 29 percent, according to official statistics issued by the Central Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in Iraq.
In spite of the adoption of the national strategy for poverty alleviation under the customs clearance number (409) of 2009, but the proportion of the population below the poverty line has increased to nearly 30 percent in 2015, influenced by assault ... terrorist organization Daash and control of the province of Nineveh and its extension to Salahaddin, Anbar, etc. accompanied by a mass exodus of large individual from those areas to the various other parts of Iraq. »

Government Abadi begin activating its reform program

He said: Well done present our government announcing Prime Minister Haidaralebadi recently to take immediate action to cope with the financial crisis in Iraq, including the allocation of five trillion dinars for the revitalization of agriculture, industry and housing sectors, and encourage investment and job creation, and this is one of the pressing demands to address the crises of ruling the country's economic, to be the head Ministers may footsteps toward activation of his reform agenda, which recently announced, Ebadi urged the Council of Ministers during the regular session, that it must «ministries to take its role in the reform process, and provide better services to citizens».

Iraqi budget

According to information spoken the words of Ibrahim al-Jaafari, former prime minister that the Iraqi budget for 2012 exceeds the budgets of neighboring states combined population of 32 million people, while the census of these countries and 100 million standard of living in these countries is better than Iraq ».
And add as well known, but that the poverty rate exceeds the sum of the rates in those countries,
For example, the Iraqi citizen's share of the annual budget of $ 204, and the share of the Egyptian citizen $ 54, Syrian citizen $ 63, and the citizens of Jordan to $ 83, compared to the Iraqi share of the dollar relative to other shares in dollars equal to four times the share of the Egyptian citizen, and three times, and one-third share of the Syrian citizen, and twice and a half share by Jordanian citizen.

Economic policies

He hinted that he According to the data referred to above, the poverty rate in Iraq is supposed to equal 1/6 (one-sixth), the poverty rate in Egypt, and less than a quarter of the rate of poverty in Syria, and one-third of the poverty rate in Jordan's case indicates quite the opposite poverty rate in Iraq is increasing the poverty rate in Egypt by half and is similar to three times the poverty rate in Syria and soon in Jordan ».

And marketed Faraj another example of the poor in the current planning in Iraq, where and »under the Iraqi Ministry of Planning, the size of the family in Iraq is 6.8 people, while the Egyptian family size is 4 people (due to birth control) and in Syria, Jordan, 5 5 Also, because of the lack the existence of the organization of the offspring in Iraq, along with the low health culture ».
Dr. Fathallah also adds «On the other hand, it contributed to the economic and financial crisis experienced by Iraq since the continuous decline in the price of a barrel of crude oil and contradiction oil revenues, which constitute more than 90 percent of total public revenues to the deterioration of the conditions of the poor and increasing marginalization and suffering.»