The causes of forced Sistani to intervene and call for reforms

Political analysts believe that "recent tragic situation" in Iraq prompted Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani to intervene directly, after he realized that the political forces "can not produce exits or even solutions to the nature of the accumulated political crises and failed to provide services significantly." And pay poor political performance Iraqis and rampant corruption that move the massive popular demonstrations, the highest Shiite authority, Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani to raise the ceiling on its demand reform and warning of a threat to "divide" the country. The positions of al-Sistani and popular demands, cover for Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi to proceed with the reform in the face of his opponents, but it may not be sufficient to overcome the complexities of the Iraqi political scene and the nature of deep-rooted corruption.
He says al-Sistani "It was a reference hopes that the political class that came to power through the ballot manages funds the country properly, it does not occur big problems that have reference to intervene, "according to a response from his office to questions from AFP.

Adds, "but - regrettably - were things otherwise, and may cause mismanagement - in addition to other internal and external factors - in reaching the country to this appalling situation which portends grave danger.

"He explains that after" carried out the patience of many Iraqis and protested against the poor conditions in the country, "and found a reference that the time is propitious strong push in this direction," and stressed "the need to speed up the reform steps and the achievement of social justice ".

After the start of the demonstrations to demand the fight against corruption and improve services amid temperatures exceeded fifty-Sistani Abadi urged on 7 August / August to be more daring against corruption. hastened the government two days later to propose measures approved by the Parliament and attach proposals extra. Repeated Sistani then claim reforms, particularly in the judiciary.

In an indication of the risk of corruption on the future of Iraq, the reference warned of a "split" the country in the absence of "real reform", stressing that corruption contributed to the fall of the areas of the country, however, the organization of the Islamic state in June 2014.

The movement reformist center stage of the most accurate in the modern history of Iraq, as fighting troops expensive on several fronts against the jihadists fighting, coinciding with the decline in the financial his income sharply due to the deterioration of oil prices.

The researcher at the Institute of "Chatham House" Haider al-Khoei that "al-Sistani does not like to engage in politics because he believes that the clergy must commit to providing spiritual guidance and leadership, "but he intervenes" frequency when it comes to major strategic issues only. " He adds, "he feels that he has a duty to act to restore Iraq from the brink of the abyss."

Rarely announce Sistani directly political positions, but the appeals resonate with millions of Iraqis. Among the most prominent of these positions, the advisory opinion Ulkipaia Jihad after the organization of the Islamic state attack, which responded with tens of thousands of Iraqis who took up arms and joined the fight against the jihadists.

Is a professor of political science at Baghdad University, Ihsan al-Shammari that "the situation recent tragic" prompted al-Sistani to intervene "directly ", after he realized that the political forces" can not produce exits or even solutions to the nature of the accumulated political crises and failed to provide services significantly. "

It began Abadi during the past two weeks by announcing gradually from the application of reform steps, including reducing the number of ministerial posts to two-thirds, and reduce members of the VIP Protection and repair salaries.

The proposed reforms more measures radical, the most important of Cancel posts of Vice-President of the Republic occupied by senior politicians were Nuri al-Maliki and Iyad Allawi (Shia) and Osama Najafi (Sunni).

It is likely, analysts collide Abadi handicaps in case Amadah about radical reforms, especially since most politicians in Iraq with a combination of sectarian complex, benefited from corruption to achieve power and wealth.

And see the lighthouse Haddad, a researcher at the Middle East Institute at the National University of Singapore, said that "change the culture of corruption rooted to this extent as is the case in Iraq, not only step ambitious , but a long-term path. " He adds, "We can expect to see additional symbolic steps, but the bet is not a favor for any radical change in the short term."

Khoei that is one of the biggest obstacles that would face any "big change", will be one of the parties, "including the Dawa party of Prime Minister, which was the biggest beneficiary of the systematic corruption that plagued his country. " "The real change will depend on how Abadi force in pushing him on his opponents account, his partners, and his political party."

The call of the most prominent Shiite parties Party, belongs to him Abadi, and Maliki, who served as prime minister between 2006 and 2014.

Tote Sistani officials who ruled the country Since the former regime fell in 2003, is responsible for the situation because they "did not keep in mind the overall interests of the Iraqi people, but cared personal, factional, sectarian and ethnic interests."

The positions of al-Sistani (85 years), his word audio in Iraq, particularly in Shiite circles, an obstacle to public dissent, of political forces.

Explains Shammari said the reference is "effective instrument for Ebadi to face his political opponents because the Shiite forces can not the desires of al-Sistani opposes openly because it is political suicide for it."

Nevertheless, believes that al-Abadi still "hesitant because he realizes that the situation Political very complex in Iraq.
"has prompted al-Sistani to turn double-edged sword. In the case of al-Abadi it was unable to keep up with him, that may lead him to lift the lid and the end of his career.

It was al-Sistani last year to resolve the debate over Maliki's candidacy for a third term, calling for "change", in a clear message to him to step down. Shammari said: "If there was one signal from the reference that (Abadi) is unable to proceed with reforms, it will be ushered to resign."