"The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015
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    "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015

    The Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency in Economic Feasibility Studies

    Below are the central controls related to the exchange rate of the foreign currency to convert the project inputs and outputs from foreign currency to its equivalent in the local currency, and that is by calculating the net discounted present value standard and the internal return on investments in economic analysis that governs investment projects that costs excess one million dinars.

    Estimate the shadow price of foreign currency:

    1. It is necessary to put central controls to amend the official exchange rate * to reflect the shadow price of the foreign currency, and that is considered one of the necessary requirements to implement the net discounted present value standard and the internal return rate on investment in the economic calculation stated in the instructions, paragraph nine.

    The central controls for adjusting market prices distinguished a group of outputs and inputs traded internationally, where the projects production or usage of them is reflected on the abundance of foreign currency in the economy and thus project outputs or inputs used of such are considered purely foreign currency outputs or inputs.

    * What is meant by exchange rate: the number of units of foreign currency, expressed in dollar per one dinar.In particular the following outputs and inputs of foreign currency were distinguished:

    • Export-outputs.
    • Outputs marketed locally that substitute imports.
    • Imported inputs.
    • Inputs produced locally that usually go to exports.
    • Foreign labor.

    According to the pricing rules the value of the output and input (traded) is calculated using export prices (FOB) and import prices (CIF), according to what is listed in the pricing rules.

    In other words the pricing rules calculate what the project produces from foreign currency (quantity of exports multiplied by the export price (FOB) in foreign currency or the quantity of substitute imports multiplied by the import price (CIF) in foreign currency, as well as what the project uses from foreign currency and imported inputs multiplied by the import price (CIF) in foreign currency …. etc.).

    In a later step, project outputs and inputs must be converted from the foreign currency to its equivalent in local currency (dinars) by using a specific exchange rate for the foreign currency.

    2. Justifications for exchange-rate adjustment: there are a number of important and powerful arguments which support the view that the official exchange rate reduces the real value of foreign currency for purposes of calculating the economic national profitability for investment projects and hence for the purposes of investment planning. It is demonstrated in this context to call for assessing the dinar for less than (3.208) dollar (official exchange rate) when assessing project outputs and inputs of traded goods of exports, substitute imports and imports… etc.

    The justifications to call for the use of an exchange rate that is lower than the official exchange rate are:

    • The use of an exchange rate that is lower than the official rate is the appropriate action at the investment planning level to translate the country’s economic strategy aiming at stimulating central investments in the sectors that encourage the development of non-oil exports, as well as sectors that encourage the expansion of domestic production base in order to reduce imports and compensate it with local commodities. This helps to reduce reliance on foreign exchange earnings from crude oil exports and increases the share of non-oil sectors in the local production.
    • The application of the amended exchange rate on project imported inputs will assist in directing investments away from aggregated sectors dependent on imported inputs and the preference of those sectors that rely on locally produced inputs.
    • The use of the amended exchange rate helps to correct the balance in favor of the traded goods sectors compared to non-traded goods.
    • The real exchange rate has declined rapidly since the early seventies, through rapid rise of the level of prices and local costs which led by the steadiness of the official exchange rate to change in prices and actual local rate costs that gave an advantage for imported goods at the expense of locally produced goods, meaning that it led to deterioration of the competitiveness of alternative replacement goods and export commodities.
    • This action shows that the official exchange rate overestimates the value of the dinar, compared to the foreign currency and from the promoting goods substituting imports and export commodities point of view of.

    And in support to this view is the state’s utilization and in a broad approach to the customs and quantitative protection policies especially for consumer goods, as well as export subsidies that exports have through an amended export exchange rate.

    3. Estimate the amended exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar to be used in technical and economical feasibility studies and for (1.134) dollar per dinar. This price should be approved for 3 years until re-appreciation by the competent authorities.

    The Republic of Iraq – Ministry of Planning


    A "flashback recap" of a Live Q and A Call from about a year ago - on THE DAILY DINAR NEWS BLOG...

    In general terms – there were three main focal points of interest I wanted to cover and then allow listeners to ask whatever questions they liked.

    1) the SIGR report…

    2) the Gold Article…

    3) the IIER report…

    I started the conversation out last night by highlighting how crazy this campaign being fielded to contact our lawmakers and bank CEO’s and tell them how unfair it is they are getting to exchange (exchange is the right terminology BTW – NOT “CASH-IN”) at 32.00 per Dinar and we are not – is. It is nuts.

    Firstly, “they” are NOT being allowed to exchange “early” – or at 32.00 per Dinar. It makes you sound “stark raving MAD” to be caught saying such things. You would be better off barking at the moon. It is demeaning to the validity of a true currency play.

    Secondly, this is entirely the wrong way to approach them. I pointed out on the call that Poppy and I fielded a very successful such campaign a couple of years ago. However, we sat down and came up with a much different approach. It was designed to get answers and to approach our lawmakers with respect and as their constituents. Not like a bunch of lunatics. We had extraordinary participation (because it made sense) and we received a good response from lawmakers. It started the conversation in a reasonable manner.

    I asked one caller – “when was the last time you asked a banker for money and told him how unfair it was if he didn’t give it to you”??? Obviously – we chuckled…

    Another caller asked me if (as DC had relayed) – the “zero’s were raised” and the lower denominations were in circulation??

    I said plainly “no”…lower denominations being in circulation would (at the very least) imply there had been a value change. If there were no value change the lower denoms would not only be of little value, they would be such a hinderance – people might even throw them away just to get rid of them. So no – no lower denoms. I told the caller to check the
    CBI.iq website for “real” info on rate change.

    The “zero’s being raised” or “deleted” – as explained by any reasonable researcher, economist or authority – is simply the process removing the large (3 zero notes) from circulation.

    Referring to an Enorrste post from today on
    THE DINAR OBSERVER DAILY(you may want to put this on your favorites and check in several times a day – we to it often )

    “…I have never found a single article from the CBI or the IMF that equates “delete the zeros” to the idea of “move the decimal point.” Instead, the statements overwhelmingly come out to mean “remove the large notes from circulation.”

    Also – this recent internal memo put out by Wells Fargo is likely “push back” from this recent campaign. I pointed out that Pinnacle Bank published an article by an “affiliate” in their internal publication and then “highlighted it” in a similar internal memo a couple of years ago. It is just a defense mechanism. I’m sure Wells is tired of having their name dragged through the “internet rumor mill”. This is highly likely the reason for their vigorous denials about handling it in the future. They get so many useless calls – it isn’t worth the headache. Can you blame them??

    Further, for any bank, lawmaker, adviser or official to state the “Dinar is a scam” is nearly as foolish as some of the internet “Gurus”. It is the official currency of a COUNTRY. I pointed out (below) the post from yesterday’s
    – highlights page 94 of the quarterly SIGR report to THE US CONGRESS in April of 2012…
    __________________________________________________ _____________


    We are seeing and hearing that the inflation rate is still climbing and they are pushing to get us our money?? This report is from page 84 of the massive SIGR report.

    BGG ~
    This is a screen shot from the “Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction” – Apr 2012, quarterly report to Congress. For members of our Government to say they have no idea what is going on here – means they haven’t read some very basic documents presented them.
    __________________________________________________ ______________

    I pointed out (last night) this is a highly speculative investment. We are, in no way, guaranteed anything. However, this SIGR report gives us some valuable insights…

    1) This is information given to the US CONGRESS on a quarterly basis… I find it hard to believe such an information source would intentionally mislead Congress. They tend to frown on such behavior. Which goes directly to the validity of this adventure – against all advice from Wells Fargo or other such naysayers.

    2) It points out there having been a legitimate “plan” – or time frame in motion…having been projected to be done in 2013. We are obviously in “over time” now.

    3) It gives us an idea as to who is in charge…the CoM – or Council of Ministers. Who do they answer to?? Maliki. Period. When is he likely to push this forward?? Historically – he has been a “weak Dinar” policy advocate. However, rumor from his own inner circle admits he can’t win a third term in office without some currency reform.

    I fully expect him to use every tool in his “wheel house” to win – his recent moves in Anbar and the disputed territories prove as much. Currency reform has to be a “biggie”. Though this WAS their thinking a couple of months ago – there is no promise it is still part of their political calculus. We shall see.

    4) Though no guarantee of the actual future plan they wind up engaging – this report points out an increase in value that would have taken the Dinar from “one-tenth of a cent” to a value “of slightly less than $1″..

    __________________________________________________ ______________


    Coins put on the market !!

    Nora Albjara member of the committee of economy and investment in the House of Representatives revealed that the central bank completed its preparations for the issuance of metal coins of seven small groups, in conjunction with the implementation of the project to delete the three zeroes from the paper currency is currently in circulation.

    She said in her statement Albjara "The project will take between four and five years, and which will be the launch of the categories of small coins gradually."

    He predicted the financial expert Hilal Taan inflation rate declines, with the issuance of metal coins of small denominations in the daily financial transactions, remarkable that 3% of the value of inflation in Iraq due to the presence of large cash block.

    The economic expert on behalf of Jamil Anton, noted that he may not find metal coins accepted by a lot of Iraqis, especially young people, due to the existence of an entire generation of Iraqis had not trading coins due to stop use since the early nineties of the twentieth century



    CBI is preparing to issue a monetary metal parts

    Metal coins from the category of 25 fils were in circulation until the nineties of the last century

    Nora Albjara member of the committee of economy and investment in the House of Representatives revealed that the central bank completed its preparations for the issuance of metal coins of seven small groups, in conjunction with the implementation of the project to delete the three zeroes from the paper currency is currently in circulation.

    She said in her statement Albjara Radio Free Iraq, "said the project will take between four and five years, and which will be the launch of the categories of small coins gradually."

    He predicted the financial expert Hilal Taan inflation rate declines, with the issuance of metal coins of small denominations in the daily financial transactions, remarkable that 3% of the value of inflation in Iraq due to the presence of large cash block.

    The economic expert on behalf of Jamil Anton, noted that he may not find coins accepted by a lot of Iraqis, especially young people, due to the existence of an entire generation of Iraqis had not trading coins due to stop use since the early nineties of the twentieth century.



    Another "FLASHBACK"...

    Economists Divided Over Deletion Of Zeros

    By Amina al-Dahabi for Al-Monitor.

    The Central Bank of Iraq (CBI) has been attempting to delete three zeros from the Iraqi currency since 2003. This project has raised many concerns among the Iraqi public and within the business community, and Iraqi economists are divided…

    …Haider al-Abadi, the head of the Iraqi parliamentary Finance Committee, told Al-Monitor that while deleting zeros from the current currency is possible, this has been postponed until after parliamentary elections. He noted that studies are being carried out to ensure that, following the currency change, counterfeiting is limited and that Iraqis don’t go back to trading in the old currency.

    The step to delete zeros from the currency has been postponed several times, leading the parliamentary Economic Committee to demand that the CBI accelerate this project, as Al-Sharqiya reported. In a news conference held July 6, the Economic Committee confirmed that the deletion of zeros will lead to an increase in the value of the Iraqi dinar and will have positive repercussions, including a reduction in unemployment and poverty rates in the country.


    Crush Expected When Kuwaiti Banks Reopen Today

    March 24, 1991|From Reuters

    KUWAIT CITY, Kuwait — Thousands of Kuwaitis are expected to jam the country's banks today when they open for the first time since the end of the Iraqi occupation.

    Customers will be allowed to withdraw funds and to swap pre-invasion money for a new currency issued to make more than $1 billion in pre-invasion dinars stolen by the Iraqis worthless.

    "We expect a rush of people," said Issam Asousi, an executive with the Bank of Kuwait. He said it could be a chaotic first week because customers have a lot of questions about their accounts.

    Kuwaiti banks continued operating during the seven-month Iraqi occupation under managers brought in from Iraq, but they have been closed since the U.S.-led alliance ousted the Iraqi army from Kuwait a month ago.

    When the banks reopen today, customers will be able to withdraw up to 4,000 Kuwaiti dinars, equivalent to about $14,000 at pre-invasion exchange rates from their accounts, and to exchange a like amount for foreign currency.

    Balances of customers' accounts will go back to what they were on Aug. 1, a day before the invasion.

    Clients will not be able to exchange Iraqi currency issued during the occupation, when Baghdad pegged the rates of the strong Kuwaiti dinar to the far less valuable Iraqi dinar.

    The new Kuwaiti money will be exchanged for old at a one-to-one rate.


    BGG ~ Thanks to wmawhite for some facts on the subject.

    Hi BGG,

    Just thought I would drop you an email. I listened to the call, and was interested in what was said about Kuwait, if I may - I will add my 2 cents worth.

    You were spot on with what you said, I have a close friend who's father made a killing on the KWD. He bought from people who had fled the country and he paid pennies on the dollar (we are in Australia). He took the chance that Iraq would be kicked back out and he was right.

    When the money was reinstated, he exchanged it for AUD at a rate in the mid 3s. The interesting thing about it is, Iraq invaded in November 1990 (I think), they were kicked back out at the end of Feb 1991, the banks reopened with a brand new KWD in late March, that's not a bad time frame to get a currency designed, printed and made ready to use, also the time that the old KWD was valid was initially only for 2 months, then extended to 6, so it was valid until Sept 1991, interesting I think.

    Also the other thing that seems to be a "fact" in Dinar land is Bill Clinton used the Kuwait RV to pay off the debt. However, Clinton was not President in 91, he did not take office until 93, even I know that and I am an Aussie.

    Anyway thanks for the site and enjoy listening to your calls.

    Kind Regards,

  2. #2

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015

    Reserved for currency auction

  3. #3

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015



    'How This Ends':
    Iraq's Uncertain Path toward National Reconciliation
    Michael Eisenstadt and Ahmed Ali
    Also available in العربية
    Policy #1553
    July 17, 2009
    During Iraqi prime minister Nouri al-Maliki's visit to Washington next week, the Obama administration will likely seek to reinvigorate that country's flagging reconciliation process as part of ongoing efforts to establish a stable political order in Iraq. Progress, however, continues to be hindered by ongoing violence, deep-seated suspicions, and partisan politics, raising questions about the ultimate prospects for national reconciliation.

    Reconciliation and Postconflict Stability

    The process by which war-torn societies heal is imperfectly understood. Experience, however, suggests that societies undertaking a formal reconciliation process to consolidate domestic peace agreements have a better chance of avoiding further civil conflict than those that do not.

    Before 2003, U.S. and Iraqi thinking about reconciliation focused largely on the legacy of Saddam Hussein. Today, after six years of insurgency and civil war, reconciliation must also deal with the legacy of violence among ethnosectarian groups, and between former insurgents and the Iraqi government.

    Successful reconciliation efforts, such as those in Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mozambique, South Africa, and Uruguay, require courageous and visionary leadership, and often involve the following elements:

    Truth telling, which permits victims to share traumas and perpetrators to acknowledge guilt
    Redefining social identities by portraying both victims and perpetrators as fellow citizens
    Partial justice, where victims are compensated and at least some of the perpetrators are punished
    Public events that promote forgiveness and new beginnings
    Most of these aspects, however, are missing from Iraq's flawed reconciliation process, which encompasses a diverse array of activities involving a broad array of actors -- the Iraqi and U.S. governments, nongovernmental and international organizations (NGOs and IOs), and neighboring states. These activities are often based on divergent assumptions about the nature of reconciliation and the means to achieving it.

    U.S. Efforts

    Since 2003, the United States has promoted reconciliation through the following activities:

    Working to incorporate Sunni Arabs into the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and the political process
    Making amends for the inadvertent killing of Iraqi civilians by offering apologies and compensation
    Engaging "reconcilable" elements in the Sunni Arab insurgency that are willing to join the political process
    Mending ties between estranged communities (Sunnis and Shiites, Arabs and Kurds) by organizing meetings to address common problems
    Pressing the Iraqi government to legislate the integration of former insurgents and disenfranchised communities into the political process
    Documenting property claims and disputes
    A tendency to view Iraq almost exclusively through an ethnosectarian prism undermined early U.S. reconciliation efforts and unwittingly contributed to the polarization of Iraqi society. Inadequate resourcing, a lack of interagency coordination, and a refusal to talk with insurgents also hindered these efforts.

    The U.S. took a new approach in the runup to and during the 2007 troop surge, when the U.S. military opted to work with former insurgents from various Awakening groups, known as Sons of Iraq (SOI), to fight al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). These bottom-up efforts, which focused mainly on reconciliation between U.S. forces and local Iraqi communities and insurgent groups, enjoyed significant success. During the surge, however, broadened efforts to reconcile estranged Iraqi communities, and former insurgents with the Iraqi government, witnessed only mixed success.

    Iraqi Efforts

    Many Iraqis saw the post-Saddam government's early attempts at reconciliation by retribution and compensation as nothing more than victor's justice. Retribution was carried out by de-Baathification and the trial of former regime personalities such as Saddam Hussein and Ali Hassan al-Majid (Chemical Ali). Compensation was achieved through the establishment of government foundations to care for Iraqis who had been maimed, imprisoned, or killed by the previous regime.

    In June 2006, shortly after becoming prime minister, al-Maliki announced a twenty-four-point national reconciliation plan that included provisions for amnesty, conferences, a review of de-Baathification procedures, compensation for victims, punishment for terrorists and war criminals, and the creation of the Supreme Committee for Dialogue and National Reconciliation (SCDNR). Minister of State for National Dialogue Affairs Akram al-Hakim, a close associate of al-Maliki, heads this committee, an organization that attempts to engage Iraqi tribes, civil society organizations, political parties, and religious leaders. Al-Hakim oversees, at least in theory, all governmental entities involved in reconciliation, although quite tellingly, the committee lacks a professional staff and remains unfunded (parliament rescinded $65 million earmarked by the Council of Ministers).

    The Iraqi government's principal operational arm for reconciliation is the Implementation and Follow-Up Committee for National Reconciliation (IFCNR), which was established in June 2007 and is currently headed by Muhammad Salman al-Saadi, another al-Maliki associate. While formally under the purview of SCDNR, it actually reports directly to the prime minister and enjoys a high degree of autonomy. It deals mainly with the vetting of former regime personnel, tribal affairs (including both Awakening and tribal support councils), internally displaced persons, access to basic services (denial of which was used in the past to punish perceived enemies), and job creation issues.

    In September 2007, the Iraqi parliament established the ad hoc National Reconciliation Committee (NRC). The independent Sunni parliamentarian Wathab Shaker heads this committee, and its dozen or so members are drawn from nearly all major parties. The NRC is not, however, a major player. Its primary activities include working for the release of mainly Sunni detainees and serving occasionally as an interlocutor to the Arab League.

    In January 2008, the Iraqi parliament passed the Accountability and Justice Law to supplant the de-Baathification system established in 2003 by the Coalition Provisional Authority. Although some of its provisions are improvements -- less stringent criteria for de-Baathification, more generous pensions for dismissed personnel, forfeiture of restored rights in the event of demonstrated culpability for criminal acts, and an independent appeals mechanism -- others are not, such as exceptions to the new de-Baathification criteria and the wholesale dismissal from government service of former employees of Baath-era security agencies. The commission required to implement the law, moreover, has not yet been established.

    In addition to these top-down governmental efforts, a number of bottom-up initiatives have originated from civil society, in the form of community and tribal gatherings.

    The Iraqi government's reconciliation activities have been hampered by the taint of politicization and the lack of follow-through. A desire for revenge rather than reconciliation was seen as driving early de-Baathification efforts and trials of former regime personalities, further polarizing Iraqi society. Al-Maliki uses IFCNR to extend patronage to his supporters, such as the tribal support councils, and to exert leverage over his former enemies, while members of parliament apparently drove the creation of the NRC to ensure that the government addressed their reconciliation agenda.

    Since al-Maliki outlined his ambitious agenda in 2006, accomplishments have been modest. Although dismissed army officers have been reinstated, personnel from the former regime's security forces have been paid their pensions, and local reconciliation efforts have gone well, problems remain. The Accountability and Justice Law remains largely unimplemented, key proposed amendments to the constitution have not been passed, and it is unclear whether the government will find stable employment for the eighty percent of former SOI militiamen who not being integrated into the ISF.

    Finally, differences between Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) have been dealt with primarily by deferring difficult decisions on such key issues as the status of Kirkuk, governance in Ninawa province, oil, peshmerga/ISF relations, and the KRG constitution.

    NGOs, IOs, and Neighbors

    Numerous foreign NGOs have supported the reconciliation process by training conflict resolution facilitators and sponsoring workshops and conferences to promote dialogue among Iraqis, resolve local conflicts, and forge a common future vision for the country.

    The UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) has promoted reconciliation by supporting elections, working to resolve the issue of Kirkuk, and helping draft the International Compact with Iraq. The Arab League sponsored the Conference for National Reconciliation in Cairo in November 2005 and dispatched a permanent mission to Baghdad in April 2006. The League's effectiveness, however, has been limited due to its failure to continuously staff its Baghdad office and tensions between its largely Sunni Arab membership and the largely Shiite Iraqi government. Finally, the government of Jordan has hosted a number of conferences to promote dialogue and reconciliation among Iraqis.

    While it is hard to assess the overall impact of these diverse activities, some NGO-sponsored peace-building efforts have yielded important local benefits.

    Reconciliation Challenges

    A number of factors are likely to complicate efforts to achieve national reconciliation in Iraq:

    Vested interests. Perhaps the biggest challenge is that key political parties have successfully exploited ethnosectarian grievances as a means of mobilizing support. These parties have a vested interest in perpetuating the political status quo and would stand to lose a great deal if a postsectarian style of politics in Iraq were to emerge as a result of a successful reconciliation process.

    Persistent violence. Ongoing violence, although at greatly reduced levels, prevents old wounds from healing, opens new wounds, and creates the potential for renewed civil war. This reality lends immediacy to one of the principal conclusions of a landmark World Bank study on civil conflict: nearly half of all countries emerging from civil war suffer a relapse within five years.

    Elusive consensus. Fundamental disagreements remain among Iraqis on a number of key issues, such as de-Baathification, the oil law, and Kirkuk. The fragmentation of Iraqi politics (more than four hundred parties and entities participated in recent provincial elections) complicates efforts to identify individuals capable of speaking for and negotiating on behalf of broad constituencies.

    Justice denied. Many of those responsible for the worst bloodletting in recent years -- including leaders of antigovernment insurgent groups and government death squads -- are still involved in public life as members of provincial councils, the ISF, or parliament and show no contrition for their actions.

    Demographic complexity. Because various population groups remain intermingled throughout the country despite years of ethnosectarian cleansing, incidents in one place may have broad consequences elsewhere.

    Multilayered conflicts. Iraq's civil war involved conflicts within, as well as between, communities: the "nationalist resistance" vs. AQI, Awakening councils vs. Islamists, Jaish al-Mahdi vs. ISF units aligned with the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq. For this reason, intra- and intercommunal reconciliation is needed. To date, most reconciliation efforts have focused on the legacy of intercommunal conflicts, though ultimately both legacies need to be addressed.

    Iraqi political culture. While Arab tribal culture and Islam have provided the normative justifications and mechanisms for reconciliation at the local level, the desire for revenge, a zero-sum approach to politics, and religious extremism have hindered reconciliation at the national level.

    Election-year politics. In March 2009, when the government expressed a willingness to reconcile with some Baathists, a number of civil society organizations (all apparently linked to the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq) were formed to thwart these efforts. It will be difficult for the government to ignore these organizations in the run-up to the January 2010 elections, lest it appear "soft" on Baathism and lose the support of key constituencies.

    External meddling. Syria, the Gulf Arab states, and Iran supported groups such as AQI and Jaish al-Mahdi, contributing greatly to the 2006-2007 Iraqi civil war and ongoing violence. Preventing the arming, training, and funding of such spoilers is key to keeping the peace in Iraq and moving the reconciliation process forward.

    For all these reasons, Iraqis are likely to coexist uneasily for the foreseeable future. National reconciliation, if it occurs at all, could take years.

    Next Steps

    Preventing major renewed outbreaks of violence is an essential condition for successful reconciliation in Iraq. Accordingly, the main U.S. priorities in the next two years should be to press the Iraqi government to find stable employment -- even if "make work" -- for former SOI personnel and army officers who participated in the insurgency, and to prevent clashes between the ISF and KRG forces in contested areas.

    This will require the United States, first, to expend significant political capital to convince the Iraqi government to take steps it finds extremely distasteful and, second, to continue to discourage the KRG from undertaking actions that could be perceived as provocative by other Iraqis. By the same token, the United States will have to tolerate al-Maliki's efforts to reconcile with members of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's movement, including "special group" militants who have American blood on their hands.

    Furthermore, the United States and the international community should seek to advance the reconciliation process by:

    Working to enhance the capacity and professionalism of SCDNR and the Ministry of Justice, which plays a key role with regard to a number of potentially sensitive transitional justice issues
    Making foreign aid, investment, and debt forgiveness contingent on the Iraqi government's progress toward reconciliation, and by supporting, financially and materially, those organizations and entities, both Iraqi and foreign, actively working toward this goal
    Encouraging postsectarian politics in Iraq by funding NGOs that assist in the development of issue-based parties; urging the passage of a law that would require parties to declare sources of financing and proscribe funding from foreign sources (thereby reducing opportunities for foreign meddling in Iraqi politics); and pushing for the adoption of an open-list, multiple-district system for the January 2010 national elections, which is more likely to produce cross-sectarian political coalitions
    Fostering the creation of professional, nonsectarian civil service and security forces by offering merit-based training, education, and scholarships in the United States and elsewhere. Military assistance should be made contingent on continued progress toward creating an apolitical, professional, and reasonably representative officer corps
    Tapping into the widespread yearning for change in Iraq by issuing statements to the Iraqi and Arab media supportive of issue-based politics and free and fair elections. This will limit al-Maliki's ability to indulge his sectarian instincts and avoid meaningful reconciliation.
    Finally, the international community should encourage the establishment of an independent, nonpartisan Iraqi organization, whose board of governors is confirmed by parliament, to coordinate and prioritize nongovernmental reconciliation activities and to serve as a counterbalance to IFCNR and SCDNR. UNAMI, if properly resourced, might assist with this effort. Such an entity would help NGOs and local and provincial governments facilitate bottom-up reconciliation.

    Iraq is unlikely to resolve the many issues on its reconciliation agenda in the near -- or even distant -- future. Nonetheless, an energized reconciliation process that facilitates incremental progress on key issues, bolsters the security gains of the past two years, and helps tamp down ongoing violence is vital to the interests of both the United States and Iraq.

    The authors would like to acknowledge the work of William J. Long and Peter Brecke, authors of War and Reconciliation: Reason and Emotion in Conflict Resolution. A list of additional published sources used in this paper is available upon request.

    Michael Eisenstadt is a senior fellow and director of The Washington Institute's Military and Security Studies Program. Ahmed Ali is a research associate at the Institute, focusing on Iraq and Iran.



    National Reconciliation in Iraq

    Reality & Horizon



    Iraqi president announces steps towards national reconciliation
    Massoum says will press ahead with efforts to heal Iraq's sectarian rifts after meeting with UN envoy
    Fuad Masoum, the new president of Iraq and a veteran Kurdish politician, speaks during a press conference in Baghdad on July 24, 2014. (AFP PHOTO / ALI AL-SAADI)
    Fuad Masoum, the new president of Iraq and a veteran Kurdish politician, speaks during a press conference in Baghdad on July 24, 2014. (AFP PHOTO / ALI AL-SAADI)

    Baghdad, Asharq Al-Awsat—Iraqi President Fuad Massoum reaffirmed his intention to push forward a process of national political reconciliation on Tuesday, following a meeting with the UN Special Envoy to Iraq Nikolay Mladenov.
    “[The Iraqi government] is seeking to take decisive and resolute steps and reconsider some resolutions and laws in order to achieve national reconciliation and bring security and welfare,” a statement quoted Massoum as saying during a meeting with Mladenov.

    “National reconciliation is a social need; therefore, it cannot be achieved via meetings, conferences and pretense only. Rather, it requires strong will and actual participation from everyone, particularly since Iraq now is in need of reconciliation and solidarity more than ever,” the statement continued.

    Since the downfall of the former dictator Saddam Hussein following the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, Iraq has been increasingly beset by bloody sectarian violence and conflict at all levels, the most recent example of which has been the rise of the Sunni extremist organization the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).

    In particular, Iraq’s Sunnis, politically predominant in the pre-2003 era, have become increasingly disillusioned and disaffected by the rise of Shi’ite parties to power in Iraq, something experts say has contributed to the success of ISIS and groups like it.

    The US has called on the government of Shi’ite prime minister Haider Al-Abdadi to begin a reconciliation process with Iraqi Sunni leaders, and has warned that it will be necessary to integrate Sunni tribal militias into the security forces in order to defeat ISIS, something the previous government led by Nuri Al-Maliki was deeply reluctant to do.

    Massoum has tasked his Vice-President Iyad Allawi with following up on the issue of national reconciliation. The Shi’ite politician has held a series of meetings with exiled politicians and tribal leaders in Jordan, UAE and Qatar in a bid to involve them in the national reconciliation project.

    During his meeting with the UN special envoy, Massoum reiterated that “extensive national reconciliation is the only way to get rid of difficulties and help maintain security and social peace.”

    The United Nations would support Iraq in all fields and help it overcome its problems, Mladenov pledged.

    The Iraqi president told a group of reporters in November that he would “adopt an extensive national reconciliation project early next year.”

    “President Massoum possesses an integrated program and a clear vision regarding national reconciliation and once he is done with consultations and meetings, practical steps will begin,” a spokesman for the Iraqi presidency, Khalid Shawani, told Asharq Al-Awsat.

    According to Shawani, Massoum’s national reconciliation project will focus on two tracks: a political track, involving consultations with members of all of Iraq’s sects and ethnicities, and a legislative track, involving the review of existing legislation with an eye to fostering a greater degree of political and social reconciliation.

    The project will address several critical issues, such as the sectarian basis of Iraq’s political system (which unofficially reserves the presidency for a Kurd, the premiership for a Shi’ite, and the speaker of parliament’s chair for a Sunni), the issue of former Ba’athists and military personnel who fought against US forces, and individuals harmed by Saddam Hussein’s regime, Allawi previously said in a statement.

    While these issues have been raised before, some political leaders said that a push to tackle Iraq’s sectarian crisis had been given added urgency by the rise of ISIS and the threat of the country’s disintegration along ethnic and sectarian lines.

    Speaking exclusively to Asharq Al-Awsat, Iraqi Communist Party politburo member Raed Fahmy said unlike the past, the present political conditions in Iraq encourage national reconciliation efforts.

    “National reconciliation this time seems to be more of a reality than just mere words,” he said.



    Iraqi president announces steps towards national reconciliation

    Baghdad: Iraqi President Fuad Masum reaffirmed his intention to push forward a process of national political reconciliation on Tuesday, following a meeting with the UN Special Envoy to Iraq Nikolay Mladenov. “[The Iraqi government] is seeking to take decisive and resolute steps and reconsider some resolutions and laws in order to achieve national reconciliation and bring security and welfare,” a statement quoted Masum as saying during a meeting with Mladenov. “National reconciliation is a social need; therefore, it cannot be achieved via meetings, conferences and pretense only.

    Rather, it requires strong will and actual participation from everyone, particularly since Iraq now is in need of reconciliation and solidarity more than ever,” the statement continued. “President Masum possesses an integrated program and a clear vision regarding national reconciliation and once he is done with consultations and meetings, practical steps will begin,” a spokesman for the Iraqi presidency, Khalid Shawani, told Asharq Al-Awsat. According to Shawani, Masum’s national reconciliation project will focus on two tracks: a political track, involving consultations with members of all of Iraq’s sects and ethnicities, and a legislative track, involving the review of existing legislation with an eye to fostering a greater degree of political and social reconciliation...aawsat.net


    National: Allawi officially received the national reconciliation file and begin great strides

    Twilight News / National coalition led by said Vice President Iyad Allawi, on Wednesday, the latter formally recognizes the national reconciliation file in the country, adding that Allawi will begin the implementation of its internal and external levels. The spokeswoman said the coalition victory Allawi’s “Twilight News”, “The meeting, which brought together the three presidencies this week (the presidency of the republic, ministers, MPs) during which delivery Iyad Allawi formally national reconciliation file.” Allawi said that “Iyad Allawi will invest its relationship with the Arab and regional in terms of implementation of the national reconciliation project to stop the ranks with Iraq in its war against al Daash,” pointing out that “Allawi also will begin activating the internal file over the meetings and conferences with state institutions and tribal chain.” Tensm and Iyad Allawi, his vice-president of the Iraqi Republic, after nearly eight years of practice for the role of the opposition political Former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who currently serves as the Vice President of the Republic as well. shafaaq.com Related Posts Abadi Davos: Iraq develop its economy despite the challenges (Jan 23, 2015) Adel Abdul-Mahdi: Iraq will be a rising economic power (Jan 23, 2015) Abadi looking with the founder of the Economic Forum ways (Jan 23, 2015) Abadi: We lost 40% of our economy for the drop in oil (Jan 23, 2015) Allawi opposed the secession of the Kurdistan region at the moment (Jan 23, 2015) Tags: al-Maliki Allawi Daash Iraq reconcilation file war



    Jubouri, Allawi discuss national reconciliation file


    Search House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, in his private office on Monday, with Vice President Iyad Allawi and his accompanying delegation developments in the political process.

    A statement by the Office of the al-Jubouri, the agency received all of Iraq [where] a copy of which the two sides discussed "in particular national reconciliation undertaken by the Vice President of the Republic in the light of dialogue and reconciliation initiative launched by President al-Jubouri, a recent file".

    The statement added, "It was also agreed to work on the coordination of future attitudes and unify the visions on the important files that would reflect positively on the overall situation in Iraq."

    The head of the House of Representatives Saleem al-Jubouri, revealed earlier, all preparations are underway to hold a conference sponsored by the state of the dialogue with the opposition and includes measures of accountability and justice law [de-Baathification previously.

    As confirmed yesterday that "dialogue and national reconciliation of the basic issues that the House of Representatives Saouliha interest in it and we are among the fans on opening the prospect of sustained dialogue between is a participant in the government and the House of Representatives, as well as the opposition and certainly the next few days will lead to the results are clear and information" .anthy


    Hakim calls upon the United Nations to adopt the next conference of harmony and reconciliation in Iraq

    BAGHDAD / .. head of the Islamic Supreme Council Ammar al-Hakim, the Sabbath, the United Nations called on to put points on the letters regarding the problems and obstacles to national reconciliation and harmony in the next conference .

    Hakim said, during a meeting with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations Nikolay Mladenov, according to a statement his office "Eye Iraq News" received a copy of it, that "the United Nations should adopt the next Conference of harmony and reconciliation,which is sponsored by the UN agency in the next month and diagnose problems and obstacles plan and program in order to achieve success and move it forward . "

    Hakim praised the UN efforts in Agaúh displaced, stressing the need for more efforts because of bad humanitarian situation of the displaced from their areas due to military operations .

    For his part, Mladenov "The United Nations is in the process of establishing a special fund for the reconstruction of areas liberated from the grip of Daash in Iraq," noting that the United Nations is seeking to alleviate the suffering of displaced families and reduce the humanitarian burden them .

    He said during a press conference held after the Hakim meeting, he discussed with him the subject of harmony, to be held under UN auspices in the next month, and the London Conference of the Coalition and the progress of the Iraqi forces and the level of international assistance to Iraq government program and legislation related to it .

    In another context, Hakim said, "What happened in France suffered from a French magazine to attack a terrorist crime is the subject of condemnation and stand deduced them, and do not accept that the Muslims in the world are exposed to collective punishment and to offend their beliefs . "

    The United Nations has called for intensified efforts for the release of the Bahraini opposition Ali Salman, describing it as "believers in democracy, and that his continued detention and trial would cause sectarian strife, indispensable in the region as well as the deepening divide between the Islamic doctrines"


    SCZIN11- JANUARY 25, 2015

    Mladenov up to Karbala to attend meetings on dialogue and reconciliation in Iraq

    Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolai Miladinov, arrived Sunday morning, the city of Karbala.

    Mladenov and visit Karbala to attend the round table meetings on the national dialogue and reconciliation in Iraq.
    And participate in this conference Karbala governor Akil Turaihi and President of the Council Nassif rhetorical political and human rights figures from the provinces of Najaf and Babil.

    And place these days between the political parties dialogues about the initiative put forward by House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri for dialogue with the opposition parties to include destinations outside Iraq.

    The al-Jubouri, had revealed earlier, all preparations are underway to hold a conference sponsored by the state of the dialogue with the opposition and includes measures of accountability and justice law [de-Baathification previously.
    As al-Jubouri said in 11 of this month that "dialogue and national reconciliation of the basic issues that the House of Representatives Saouliha interest in it and we are among the fans on opening the prospect of sustained dialogue between is a participant in the government and the House of Representatives, as well as the opposition and certainly the next few days will lead to the results to be clear and information. "

    For his part, President of the Republic Fuad Masum, revealed last Thursday on "The preparation of the expanded national reconciliation conference will take months," pointing out that "everyone will be invited to the conference, including members of armed factions that have not stained their hands with the blood of Iraqis."

    He said that "with the cancellation of the law of accountability, justice and the assignment of its files to the courts because they are transitional rule in the Constitution, and the time came to revise this law," pointing out that "the presence of proposals to cancel the Justice and Accountability Act, and legislation prohibition of belonging to the Baath party law," adding that he "can not keep all I belong to the former Baath Party, "because they would be half of the Iraqi people." End quote

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...4pOnjqQd0Ddw-wMladenov: call for reconciliation in Iraq is very encouraging and will enhance the government's efforts to reform

    Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolay Mladenov described the call for reconciliation in Iraq as "very encouraging and it will strengthen the government's efforts at reform."
    According to a statement of the mission internationalism [UNAMI] received by all of Iraq [where] a copy of Mladenov "presided over today in the city of Karbala first forum of a series of forums Roundtable held with civil society and the public and tribal leaders, clerics and scholars from the provinces of Karbala, Najaf and Babil about social cohesion between the Iraqi social and political actors, which was held in Baghdad on 26 and November 27, 2014 ".

    The statement quoted Mladenov said that "collective call by the participants to promote peaceful coexistence and national dialogue and reconciliation is very encouraging," adding that "this support will strengthen the government's efforts to revitalize its program of reform and reconciliation."
    He said the UN envoy "It is encouraging to see the clergy and dignitaries of the community to communicate with their communities for the purpose of setting issues that affect the reconciliation efforts and strengthen comprehensive dialogue in Iraq among the priorities," noting that "should these messages continue to spread in order to devote the principles of inclusiveness, trust and compatibility between the components of Iraq." .

    Participants at the meeting stressed the importance of strengthening the social and religious cohesion as well as healing the divisions within Iraqi society.

    He is scheduled to hold a second forum in the province of Basra in the first week of February next.anthy


    Ordeal: the government is determined to amend the Justice and Accountability Act

    MP for the Iraqi National Alliance honest ordeal, said the political blocs agreed within the paper political agreement to amend the law of accountability and justice in a fair, pointing out that the government is determined to amend the law. He said the ordeal told all of Iraq [where], "The Justice and Accountability Act needs to be amended," he said, adding that he "must be invoked to eliminate any crime if there was Msthompsk must prove that there is no selective." He added that "most of those affected were not their crimes against the Iraqi people," noting that "the prime minister Haider al-Abadi is determined to end this matter." He said the ordeal that "modifying the law of accountability and neutrophil came within the paper political agreement between the political blocs, that modifies the fair, but until now have not been discussed either in the Cabinet or Parliament, or between the blocks."The Legal Committee of the National Alliance would deal with this law, and we will soon be upon the law on freedom of expression."

    He was President, Fuad Masum said last Wednesday, during a meeting with a delegation from the Committee on Justice and Accountability in the House of Representatives on the need to review some of the accountability and justice, and the differences in views concerning the efforts to settle outstanding issues laws. The General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers, was announced earlier this month, for completion of the law and accountability.


    Sheikh Hamoudi invite the President of the National Reconciliation Commission to make the unity of Iraq and the target of their work

    {Baghdad: Euphrates News} called a member of the Presidency of the Council of Representatives, Sheikh Hamoudi to activate the national reconciliation project, support and exert more efforts for each work is in the unity of Iraq.

    A statement by the office of Sheikh Hamoudi agency {Euphrates News} received a copy of it today that "This came during a meeting in his office the President of the National Reconciliation Commission in the Council of Ministers Jawad Abdul-Zahra al-Husseini, where the latter presented a review of the work of the committee and submitted during the past period."
    He urged Sheikh Hamoudi according to the statement Chairman of the Committee to continue efforts at national reconciliation project and make the unity of Iraq the target of their work.
    The statement added that "the Chairman of the Committee requested the involvement of the committee in the discussions that will take place regarding the accountability and justice law to provide the House with information and details of the fact that within the jurisdiction of their work," .anthy

    Iaram Sheikh discuss with the US ambassador national reconciliation project

    Search Deputy Speaker Iaram Sheikh Mohammed on Monday with the US ambassador to Iraq, [Stewart Jones] latest developments in Iraq and the region.
    According to a statement to the House of Representatives received by all of Iraq [where] a copy of the "Sheikh Mohammed received the US ambassador in his office in Baghdad and discussed with him the latest developments on the Iraqi arena and security developments and the ongoing war with al Daash terrorist, and what are the events in the region, and the importance of success national reconciliation project to ensure the participation of all Iraqi factions in the political process. "
    He Iaram Sheikh Mohammed, the US ambassador to the need to expedite the implementation of a close political agreement and abide by the terms, adding that the House of Representatives is determined to pass the state budget for the year 2015 as soon as possible and the importance of reducing costs and finding other sources of funding other than oil, and find quick solutions to end the austerity in the country ".
    For his part, Stuart Jones, according to the statement expressed his happiness for this meeting, stressing the continuation of bilateral relations between Baghdad and Washington, and US support for the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan region and the importance of adhering to the agreement concluded between the province and the center ".anthy


    Iraq is looking forward to the role of the United Nations for the success of reconciliation

    Twilight News President Fuad Masum / said Monday that Iraq is looking forward to the role of the United Nations for the success of the national reconciliation in the country.
    The infallible speaks during a meeting with a representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolai Miladinov, who confirmed that the United Nations in connection with the proposal to hold an international conference to demonstrate the importance of national reconciliation in Iraq.
    According to a statement to the Office of the infallible Word for "Twilight News", the two sides discussed the role of the UN to help Iraq, particularly in light of the current conditions and the presence of large numbers of displaced people and displaced.
    The two sides also discussed the need for Iraq to support and advice of the United Nations for the success of the national reconciliation project.
    Masum said that "Iraq is looking forward to the role of the International Mission for the success of this important national project," and expressed his appreciation for "the role of the mission in this regard."
    The President of the Republic on the need for "reconciliation is accomplished on the basis of objective and fruitful."
    For his part, Miladinov explained that "the aim of the visit was to exchange views on the draft national reconciliation and practical ways to make it a success," stressing "the importance of the president's role in the collection of the row and the convergence of views to strengthen national unity," according to the statement.
    Miladinov and pointed out that "the United Nations in connection with the proposal to hold an international conference to demonstrate the importance of national reconciliation for all spectra of the Iraqi people."
    The new "United Nations stuck in their relentless pursuit to provide all forms of assistance in order to consolidate national reconciliation and unity, as well as to alleviate the suffering of displaced persons and displaced persons in all areas."
    Through Miladinov delighted "to start a new phase of relations between the federal government and the Kurdistan Regional Government and the design of the two parties in order to install understanding the judge to end the outstanding problems."
    Iraq seeks to make reconciliation between its components and overcome deep differences prevailed over the past years and contributed to the worsening security tensions and political differences.


    Abadi Jubouri Najafi seeking reconciliation project and implementation constraints paper political agreement

    Tuesday, 27 January 2 / January 2015 12:52

    Search Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and Parliament Speaker Salim al-Jubouri and Vice President Osama Najafi in a joint meeting of the national reconciliation project and implementation constraints paper political agreement which formalized the government.
    A statement by the Office of Jubouri released today by the Agency has received all of Iraq [where] a copy of the Abadi Jubouri Najafi "met yesterday in the House Speaker's office in the presence of ministerial and parliamentary bloc of the Alliance of Iraqi forces."
    Jubouri said according to the statement that "some blocks feel that many of the items contained in the document the political agreement have not been implemented, which will affect the political positions of those blocks."
    He added that "Iraq today is in the process of approving the budget and at the same time moving towards national reconciliation project which is necessitated by the Prime Minister to attend to discuss, among other problematic issues and to stand in front of the reasons for the delay and the delay in those items and ways to overcome the obstacles."
    As the President of the House of Representatives that "the meeting touched on the problem of displaced persons and the need to find a real and clear solutions which amounts to the displaced clearly allocated in the budget, in addition to discuss the security situation thoroughly and, in particular, the negative effects of the military operations that affect innocent people, whether to demolish houses or burned." it's over



    Jumaili legislation calls for the laws regarding national reconciliation

    Wednesday, December 28 2 / January 2015 08:40

    Called on the Speaker of the House adviser for national reconciliation and unity Jumaili, a set of laws legislation on national reconciliation, prove its good intentions of government agencies that have adopted the reconciliation initiative.
    She Jumaili in a statement received by all of Iraq [where], a copy of it today, "There are a lot of initiatives launched by international bodies and UN local and the other about national reconciliation, and today have the initiative of UN-sponsored initiative other government-sponsored three presidencies, in order to put roadmap for national reconciliation. "
    "We do not need today to conferences or initiatives regarding reconciliation, but we need to prove its good intentions of government agencies that have adopted the national reconciliation initiative, through legislation, a set of laws to ensure that the civil rights of the citizens of innocent and defenseless in the conflict areas and the preservation of the lives and property of the people through These laws or decisions. "
    Jumaili confirmed the need to "investigate and document the political agreement and the approval of a general amnesty and the achievement of the national balance and help the displaced and the enactment of the National Guard law provisions."
    The prime minister Haider al-Abadi, and House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, and Vice President Osama Najafi, discussed on Tuesday, in a joint meeting of the national reconciliation project and implementation constraints paper political agreement which formalized the government.
    A statement by the Office of the al-Jubouri, received [where], a copy of "al-Jubouri said that, Iraq today is in the process of approving the budget goes on at the same time toward the national reconciliation project, which necessitated by the Prime Minister to attend to discuss inter and problematic issues to stand in front of the reasons for the delay and the delay in Those items and ways to overcome obstacles ".anthy


    National Reconciliation Must Take Into Account The Interests of All Iraqi Parties

    28/01/2015 8:34

    BAGHDAD / NINA / The head of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, Ammar al-Hakim said "national reconciliation must take into account the interests of all components of the Iraqi parties and assured their fears.

    A statement of the Islamic Supreme Council quoted Hakim as saying during a meeting with the delegation of the international Finnish Organization CMI of management crisis and conflict headed by former Ambassador of the European Union in Iraq (Elka Antero) that "reconciliation must deal with social and other problems and develop appropriate solutions for the post-Daash."

    For their part, members of the international delegation appreciated proposals and ideas of al-Hakim on national reconciliation in Iraq, stressing the keenness of the organization to put the potentials and expertise to resolve conflicts and promote reconciliation in Iraq, ".


    NOTE :

    " differences between the blocs on the budget, a claim the National Alliance to reduce the number of grades to PDF crowd in the liberated areas and refused to force the Union that the insistence of the federal government to be exported each product oil through the Sumo and the objection of the Kurdistan region it with the claim of the National Alliance allocated 25 billion dinars as expenditure for the Presidency Republic in the national reconciliation file ".


    Araji calls for research into the causes of the failure of the previous reconciliation conferences and make 2015 a year

    21 Show January 29, 2015 16:56

    (Independent) ... called on Deputy Prime Minister Bahaa al-Araji to make the current 2015 year for "genuine national reconciliation," while urging the research into the causes of the failure of previous conferences.
    They said in a statement received by the (independent) on Thursday, "We hear the recent initiatives of the conferences of national reconciliation, if we were looking for genuine national reconciliation, we have to look two important issues," noting that "the first issue include the reasons for previous conferences that deal with national reconciliation failure ".
    Araji added that "The second issue is that the reconciliation of the base to start the top of the pyramid and not vice versa," calling that "everyone is the slogan for 2015 in genuine national reconciliation."
    The representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolai Miladinov announced in January 26, 2015 that the United Nations in connection with the proposal to hold an international conference to demonstrate the importance of national reconciliation for all spectra of the Iraqi people.
    Seeking politicians, and activists and specialists Iraqis to activate the launch of a new initiative for national reconciliation between the political parties participating in the government and opponents of the political parties and armed groups, and to identify clear and practical steps to the trends of reconciliation in the light of the challenges faced by Iraq after the emergence of risk Daash.
    Participants stressed in a panel discussion in Souhail Cultural Council was held in Baghdad on Thursday evening with the participation of Finnish organization to manage global crises on the importance of standardizing the Iraqi ranks and embark Platform real action on the ground and the drafting of a new draft laws to promote national reconciliation.
    Confirmed Ambassador Safia al-Suhail, the head of Europe Department at the Iraqi Foreign Ministry and sponsor Cultural Council, during the meeting on the need for something like a brainstorming for all in order to determine the next phase mechanisms to get to the real project of reconciliation and overcome all differences of the past because of the presence of what is the most dangerous of them, a threat terrorist Daash long tyranny all Iraqi factions.
    For his part, Ilkka Ositalu, Executive Director of the Organization of Finnish crisis management said, and previously headed the United Nations Mission for Iraq from 2006 to 2009 in the meeting: we seek to communicate with the formal and informal institutions in Iraq in order to develop a formula for cooperation in future programs to achieve reconciliation, also seek to Ajarat Iraqi women in decision-making and political decision-making in support of the reconciliation project operations.
    He added: There is an effective and a great program for the activation of national reconciliation, and perhaps new and more importantly, where is the risk Daash so we send out our work in accordance with the three frameworks is to support dialogue and diagnose those responsible and activated, and the second is to train persons involved in dialogue on ways of effective and positive dialogue, and the third is to diagnose problems and then conflict resolution and prevention.
    Mohammed Salman, the Iraqi prime minister's advisor for national reconciliation, he explained in his speech that the three presidencies in Iraq on the verge of completion of the initiative will mature soon be launched at a conference attended by political figures, including figures from the armed opposition and political opponents, and can be described as one of the finest initiatives so far, and if It was agreed to its principles will form a committee representing everyone to take decisions and put them into effect.
    In turn, MP Hisham Suhail, chairman of the reconciliation committee in the Iraqi parliament, that the earth today are available for reconciliation more than ever because of threats (terrorist Daash) (...) as if everyone agreed on the gravity of Iraq and the world.
    The cult, Presidential Advisor for Security Affairs, believes that national reconciliation constitute the mainstay in the construction of the new political system, because the transition from authoritarian to democratic system requires national unity.
    He continued: first our principle of national reconciliation is to reduce the front affected by the previous regime, provided non-infringement of the rights of those affected by the system, pointing out that there is a difference between opposition to the political process and unrecognized, and we now have the perspective of moderate toward opponents.
    She stressed d. Unit Jumaili, Advisor to the President for National Reconciliation, during her speech at the meeting on the importance of real political will for reconciliation, as well as the presence of people and projects to implement laws to begin with.
    MP Hamid al-Mutlaq said: Today we need the concept of the true values ​​of citizenship, and amending laws have already begun, but that does not respect the human right to life, including the Justice and Accountability secret informant laws and Article 4 terrorism, which offended many people due to poor application.
    He concluded the meeting by Dr. Amer Al-Fayad, Dean of the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Baghdad, saying that reconciliation is a political process par excellence, and not otherwise, and it must create accessories, such as the law of parties, which prohibits affiliated militias underneath and ensure fair elections to choose their leaders, as well as that be funded known to all. (end)


    Doubts about the announcement by the Government not to engage Abadi wanted to spend the National Reconciliation Conference

    29-01-2015 05:33 PM

    The Iraqi government announced a national reconciliation conference in Baghdad, said a spokesman for the prime minister's media office tributary Jabouri Thursday that Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi drew attention to the need for good preparations for the conference, stressing that the conference would not include wanted to eliminate.
    But observers Iraqis questioned the validity of the declaration of al-Abadi's office not to engage the politicians wanted to spend in this conference, and said that all indications are that the conference will be held to hold behind-the-scenes political deals for whitening judicial pages to some wanted to eliminate before allowing them to participate in the current government.
    Jabouri said in a press statement that 'continuous work in order to prepare for a conference in national reconciliation sponsored and organized the prime minister in Baghdad', noting that 'the United Nations play a supportive role. "
    He stressed that Jabouri 'conference would not include those who are wanted to eliminate', adding that 'This file is the prerogative of the judiciary and not approach Abadi interference in the work of other authorities'.
    For his part, predicted a political observer in comments to the Agency 'news' that the contract Abadi political deals wanted to engage the Iraqi judiciary in the upcoming conference.
    The observer, who declined to be named, that the Abadi seeks to hold this conference to get concessions from some Sunni political leaders to engage the guys they wanted to spend in the current government, and warned observer Sunni politicians from making concessions to their publics interest which were elected by and wait for them political achievements Account and social and economic.
    It is said that news reports had indicated that the 'head of the Supreme Judicial Council, Medhat al-Mahmoud, received a notice to end the cases brought against some politicians to whitewash judicial pages in preparation for re-politically output' as described by the reports.



    President stresses necessity of implementing National Reconciliation project

    Saturday, 31 January 2015 11:55

    Baghdad (AIN) –The President, Fuad Masoum, stressing the necessity of implanting the National Reconciliation project in Iraq to consolidate the unity among the Iraqis.



    Iraq's president and Hakim stresses the need to expedite the enactment of the budget in 2015


    The statement added that "the two sides stressed the importance of efforts for the success needed to achieve national reconciliation, which will contribute to the eradication of terrorism and ward off the threat from Iraq and its people the steps."



    Chairman of the House of Representatives calls for the Council of Ministers to speed up the approval of the General Amnesty Law

    The head of the House of Representatives, Dr. Salim al-Jubouri, on Saturday, the Council of Ministers to speed up passage of the amnesty law and send it to the council for discussion and voting on it has to be one of the foundations of reconciliation project which seeks him everyone.

    READ MORE @ http://tinyurl.com/lfocd6r


    Finance Committee: one paragraph may hinder the approval of the budget in 2015

    BAGHDAD - Iraq Press - February 3: A member of the parliamentary finance committee, Majida al-Tamimi, "The year's budget law in 2015, sent yesterday, to the presidency in order to ratify it," afterthought said, "but we expect it to hinder the Commission and the Presidency paragraph on national reconciliation allocations, amounting to 25 billion dinars, it is possible that it is being adjusted. "

    She Tamimi, said that "there are questions that to whom will return the money, and will it be to the presidency in general or to the President directly, or to one of his deputies?" Indicating that "the presidency is demanding that the allocations However, President of the Republic, one of you will allocated to one of his deputies because he does not yet specified deputy responsible for national reconciliation, and here lies the problem will be discussed upon and could be adjusted after the agreed upon prior to the completion of the ratification period. "

    And wondered, "How there be reconciliation. Everyone is participating in the government? Everyone have a sovereign positions, is to be reconciliation travel and hospitality? ".




    Jumaili calls to postpone holding National Reconciliation Conference if opposes political deal document

    Wednesday, 04 February 2015 12:21

    Baghdad (AIN) –The Advisor of the Parliament Speaker for the National Reconciliation project, Wihda al-Jumaili, called not to hold the conference for the National Reconciliation in Baghdad if it opposes the political deal document.

    She stated in a press statement received by AIN "The political sides implemented many articles of the political deal document starting from voting on the National Guards law and the Justice and Accountability law."

    "If the National Reconciliation conference does not help in implementing the political deals articles, it will not benefit the political process in Iraq and therefore; should ( NOT ? ) be held," she concluded.



    Last edited by chattels; 02-22-2015 at 08:55 PM.

  4. #4

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015

    Reconciliation file

    February 10, 2015 12:20

    Sam Naaman
    Hrakat reform, dialogue and reconciliation became the de necessarily known for frequent parroted through the media, and the many speeches that Itana by those, not to mention the allocation of one of the Vice President for national reconciliation, a d. Iyad Allawi.
    The most important event is the statement of the Prime Minister putting the finishing touches to the National Reconciliation Conference will be held in Baghdad in February, current, called his opponents at home and abroad, except Who is required to spend in general or criminal cases.
    National reconciliation day become a very urgent need to re social cohesion and the elimination of dissonant voices that now dominates positions.
    Talk about national reconciliation and mobility between the parties different enjoined the challenge faced by our country and in particular of the organization Daash terrorist, and can not be ignored that the issue of reconciliation was one of the priorities of the vertebrae and the political reform document or paper rights demanded by the Iraqi forces union and ensure the formation of a government Abadi program.
    Here is a question that how can activate reconciliation seriously, what are the mechanisms, and how they can overcome the rhetoric to action to achieve the desired effect?
    This time it is a different issue at the helm of reconciliation was one of the opponents of the previous government, and who is at the helm now can communicate with him, unlike his predecessor, al-Maliki, and there is a real political will for reconciliation through a series of attempts on the ground that the citizen can feel it.
    The next phase of the requirements of the need to open up to all the components and the various sects and creeds in order to get out of the bottleneck that has brought the country to the successive crises and succession, not the suffering of displaced persons and humanitarian displaced far from the heads of the Iraqi political decision-making.
    Of necessity also activate the reconciliation file at home and through a number of meetings and conferences, which includes the state's institutions and clans and the elimination of political sectarianism and modify the matter, justice and the release of detainees and modify the amnesty law and the effective implementation of the decisions of these bills and voted on by the House of Representatives as soon as possible the law.
    It remains to say that the President of the House of Representatives had put forward an initiative for dialogue with the opposition forces abroad, under the auspices of the United Nations after the Arbil conference, which was boycotted by several internal and external parties.
    Congress may bear fruit in the light of what we see understandings rise to the degree of complementarity of the three presidencies before waiting for a reflection on the political reality and then to the community and not so long ago.



    Jubouri and Allawi Parliament to follow up the implementation of the political agreements.
    12/02/2015 13:50

    BAGHDAD / Nina /--Speaker Saleem al-Jubouri, confirmed during his meeting today with Vice President Iyad Allawi, that parliament determine to follow up the implementation of the political agreement according to a chronically which has been agreed upon .

    Speaker also discussed with Allawi the latest developments in the political and security situations, file of national reconciliation and ways to develop cooperation between the parliament and the presidency of the republic.

    A statement by the Office of the al-Jubouri, "The two sides also discussed the National Guard and accountability and justice laws as well as the rest of the document and the terms of the political agreements" .



    Baha Naqshbandi, an official from the Islamic party of Iraq, said that national reconciliation is the only solution for Iraq’s current woes.

    “Upon the cabinet formation, we agreed on this issue, but we want practical steps in this regard,” he said, adding that only true reconciliation would guarantee the exiled leaders’ return.

    Naqshbandi said that the cases of Hashimi, isawi, and exiled Sunni MP Ahmed al-Alwani must be resolved.

    He added that national reconciliation means more than just talks and meetings. “Abadi must take practical steps this time,” he warned.

    However, Maliki’s State of Law coalition insisted that national reconciliation should not be linked to Hashimi’s case.

    Lawmaker Mahmood Sayhood form State of Law told Rudaw: “We must differentiate between national reconciliation and Hashimi’s case.”

    He said that “national reconciliation is crucial at this stage when Iraq is facing a great threat from ISIS extremists. We need to join all of our visions and efforts.”



    Reconciliation Committee to hold comprehensive reconciliation conference

    Sunday, 15 February 2015 12:21

    Baghdad (AIN) –The Parliamentary Reconciliation Committee announced holding a comprehensive reconciliation conference.

    MP, Mohammed Naji, of the Reconciliation Committee stated to AIN "The Reconciliation Committee held several meetings to prepare for holding a comprehensive reconciliation conference to bring all sides in one meeting by making use of the victories achieved by the Iraqi Security Forces and the volunteers and to prepare for the next phase in the political process in Iraq."


    Comment : WHEN ?????????????????????? - chattels


    Chairman of the Parliamentary Committee for National Reconciliation, said Hisham al-Suhail, said Friday that his committee is waiting Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations' new to Iraq, and then start talks to hold the reconciliation conference. And between Suhail told all of Iraq [where] that "holding a national reconciliation conference is traded through the media only, and do not have details about the conference, adding that" this conference is supposed to UN-sponsored Representative of the Secretary General Nikolai Miladinov which ended its services to Iraq ". He predicted Suhail delay the national reconciliation conference that there are no create him as he just talks, adding, "We are waiting for Representative of the Secretary General of the United Nations and after the new talks begin to take place." He was in the committee accountability and reconciliation parliamentary member Mohammed Naji announced for [where] Sunday, the determination of the Commission to convene an international conference to find a comprehensive national reconciliation between all parties.

    It is said that he conducted dialogues between the political parties about the initiative put forward by House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri for dialogue with the opposition parties to include destinations outside Iraq. The head of the House of Representatives Saleem al-Jubouri said that preparations are underway to hold a conference sponsored by the state of the dialogue with the opposition and includes measures of accountability and justice law [de-Baathification previously. For his part, President of the Republic Fuad Masum in the last month, "The preparation of the expanded national reconciliation conference will take months," pointing out that "everyone will be invited to the conference, including members of armed factions that have not stained their hands with the blood of Iraqis." The Presidency of the Council of Representatives decided on the tenth of February, to postpone the first reading of legal accountability for the project, justice and the prohibition of the Baath Party, the National Guard, in the House of Representatives forwarded to the State Council for the purpose of a preliminary study and refer them after the completion of them to parliament. It is said that the Council of Ministers voted during its meeting held on the third of February, the approval of the draft law of accountability, justice and the prohibition of the Baath Party and sent to the State Council for its scrutiny and brought back to the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers in order to submit it directly to the Council of Alnwab.anthy



    Allawi: The National reconciliation requires to freeze or cancel some of the laws that hurt people and build trust among its components

    19/02/2015 21:35

    BAGHDAD / NINA / Vice President Iyad Allawi said on Thursday that the national reconciliation requires several most important action to freeze or cancel some of the laws that have hurt the Iraqi people, and to build confidence among the Iraqi people, adding that the tribes are the basis of Iraq's stability and the national reconciliation can not be achieved by conferences and banquets .

    Allawi added, during a meeting with a group of elders and notables of Dhi Qar province, / according to a statement by his office /, that the national reconciliation can not be achieved by conferences, banquets and promises, but by effective action to the abolition of the quota system of political sectarianism and marginalization and exclusion, and put the right man in the right place toward citizenship, as all people are equal in rights and duties.

    Last edited by chattels; 02-22-2015 at 08:53 PM.

  5. #5

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015


    Kurds Are Close to Retaking Mosul from ISIS
    President Obama and Congress hammer out a war authorization against ISIS ( * HEREINBELOW ) , the Iraqi Kurdish forces peshmerga are now surrounding the northern city of Mosul -- 280 miles to the north of Baghdad -- Kurdish officials said on Tuesday.

    Mosul is Iraq’s second largest city and the largest city controlled by ISIS, making it its Iraqi capital. Since the fall of the city in June 2014, ISIS has dominated the jihadi movements globally and attracted tens of thousands of extremists from around the world to join its ranks.

    Yet, ISIS has lost its momentum in Iraq after the US led international air campaign started in August 2014. Even though ISIS has suffered a series of defeats throughout Iraq since last October, it still controls big cities like Mosul, Tikrit and Fallujah.
    Liberating Mosul is crucial in defeating ISIS in Ira.“

    Peshmerga forces have advanced in the last few months to Mosul from the north, east and west. Our operations have cut ISIS maneuvers in these areas. We are now close to the city center and in some areas we are only 6 to 9 miles away from it. We have also controlled the main bridges in the areas of Aski and al-Kesk which are located on the main way between Mosul and Tal Afar”, said Lieutenant General Jamal Mohammed, the chief of staff of the peshmerga forces.

    Related: 9 ISIS Weapons That Will Shock You
    The peshmerga now control the areas of Nineveh plains to the north of Mosul, the towns of al-Koweir and Makhmur to the east of the city and the towns of Aski and al-Kesk to the west of the city. However, to the south of the city, the Iraqi government forces, the Shiite militias and the Sunni tribes are still struggling to control Salahuddin province to complete the siege of Mosul.

    “We have reached the last available position in Aski and al-Kesk. Any further movement will be toward Mosul city center. We are waiting for orders in this regard. ISIS positions in Mosul have become within our artillery and rockets reach. We are constantly targeting them,” said Colonel Kamiran Hurami, a commander in the elite Zirvani forces within the peshmerga.

    The Iraqi government forces and its Shiite and Sunni allies have just finished another campaign to clear the city of Beiji, 130 miles to the north of Baghdad, leaving 500 Sunni tribal fighters to guard the city. The Iraqi forces still need to capture two more important towns in their way to Mosul, al-Sherqat and al-Qayara.

    These developments came two days after the announcement from General John Allen that the US led alliance is close to launching a major ground offensive in Iraq that would include 12 Iraqi brigades, supported and equipped by the United States.

    In the meantime. Mosul has witnessed over the last several days the heaviest air bombing since the start of the campaign in August. “I arrived after dropping the 16th bomb, thinking that the bombardment had stopped already, but as soon as I arrived, I was startled by dropping four more bombs,” said Maouris Milton, a blogger from Mosul.



    ​Strategic areas near Mosul retaken by Kurdish forces

    WASHINGTON DC - Backed by coalition air power, Kurdish forces have taken control over three strategic areas near Mosul and are ready to control more territories, the US military said in a statement.

    “Security Forces from the Kurdish region seized three bridgeheads on the west bank of the Tigris River, north of Mosul in formerly held Daesh (ISIS) areas,” the statement said. “Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF-OIR) delivered precise and effective airstrikes on enemy positions near Mosul, in support of the Iraqi Government’s fight against ISIL,” it added, referring to the Islamic State group that is known as ISIS or ISIL.

    With coalition air support, Kurdish Peshmerga forces have been able to reverse territorial gains by ISIS in Nineveh province since last November. US military officials have hailed the bravery of the Kurdish troops in the fight against ISIS, calling them the most effective and reliable partner on the ground.

    According to the statement, “the Coalition executed four close air support airstrikes to facilitate the maneuver of the Kurdish Security Forces and their successful attack.”

    The Pentagon said that training and providing “operational intelligence” will also continue to further empower the Kurdish forces to conduct military operations against ISIS successfully.

    It also showed confidence in the capability of the Kurdish forces, saying that “Kurdish Peshmerga Forces now hold the gains they have made and are postured to retake additional territory from Daesh (ISIS) in the vicinity of Mosul.”

    Lt. Gen. James Terry, the CJTF-OIR commander, explained that the coordination with the Kurdish forces has proved to be effective in countering and defeating ISIS.

    “This most recent Peshmerga operation is yet another example of how Daesh can be defeated militarily using a combination of well led and capable ground forces enabled by Coalition Aviation and Advise and Assist capabilities,” he said.Kurds Are Close to Retaking Mosul from ISIS



    Iraq and Syria Operations Against ISIL Designated as Operation Inherent Resolve

    TAMPA, Fla., Oct. 15, 2014 - U.S. Central Command officials announced today that Operation INHERENT RESOLVE has been officially designated as the name given to U.S. military operations against ISIL in Iraq and Syria. The operation name applies retroactively to all U.S. military actions conducted against ISIL in Iraq and Syria since airstrikes against ISIL began Aug. 8 in Iraq.

    According to CENTCOM officials, the name INHERENT RESOLVE is intended to reflect the unwavering resolve and deep commitment of the U.S. and partner nations in the region and around the globe to eliminate the terrorist group ISIL and the threat they pose to Iraq, the region and the wider international community. It also symbolizes the willingness and dedication of coalition members to work closely with our friends in the region and apply all available dimensions of national power necessary - diplomatic, informational, military, economic - to degrade and ultimately destroy ISIL


    Obama sends Congress request for military force against ISIS

    WASHINGTONBy Associated Press: President Barack Obama asked Congress on Wednesday to formally authorize military force against Islamic State militants, declaring they are on the defensive and "going to lose." But he vowed not to repeat the large and costly ground wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    Obama said a large deployment of U.S. troops won't be necessary to fight the Islamic State, and he argued that the three-page proposal he sent to lawmakers would give him and his successor the needed flexibility to wage a battle likely to take "some time."

    "I'm convinced that the United States should not get dragged back into another prolonged ground war in the Middle East," the president said, flanked by his vice president and secretaries of State and Defense at the White House. "I do not believe America's interests are served by endless war or by remaining on a perpetual war footing."

    The initial reaction to his congressional request was bipartisan skepticism. Republicans expressed unhappiness that Obama chose to exclude any long-term commitment of ground forces, while some Democrats voiced dismay that he had opened the door to deployment at all.

    Under Obama's proposal, the use of military force would be authorized for three years, unbounded by national borders. The fight could be extended to any "closely related successor entity" to the Islamic State organization that has overrun parts of Iraq and Syria, imposed a stern form of Sharia law and killed several hostages it has taken, Americans among them.

    "Make no mistake. This is a difficult mission," Obama said, adding it will take time to dislodge the terrorists, especially from urban areas. "But our coalition is on the offensive. ISIL is on the defensive, and ISIL is going to lose."

    The 2002 congressional authorization that preceded the American-led invasion of Iraq would be repealed under the White House proposal, a step some Republicans were unhappy to see. But a separate authorization that was approved by Congress after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks would remain in force, to the consternation of some Democrats.

    At the heart of the debate, the struggle to define any role for American ground forces is likely to determine the outcome of the administration's request for legislation. White House spokesman John Earnest said the proposal was intentionally ambiguous on that point to give the president flexibility, but the approach also was an attempt to bridge a deep divide in Congress.

    While asking lawmakers to bar long-term, large-scale ground combat operations like those in Afghanistan and Iraq, Obama said he wants the flexibility for ground combat operations "in other more limited circumstances." Those include rescue missions, intelligence collection and the use of special operations forces in possible military action against Islamic State leaders. "It is not the authorization of another ground war," Obama said.

    "This resolution will give our armed forces the continuity we need for the next three years," he said. "It is not a timetable. It is not announcing that the mission is completed at any given period. What it is saying is that Congress should revisit the issue at the beginning of the next president's term.

    Whatever the outcome, Obama's request puts Congress on the path toward a vote that could reverberate unpredictably for years.

    A post-Sept. 11 request from then-President George W. Bush for authorization to use military force against Iraq was intensely controversial, and it played a role in Obama's successful campaign for the White House in 2008.



    Chief Of Staff of Peshmerga: Our Forces Spread In Three Directions Around Mosul
    12/02/2015 17:04

    Mosul / NINA / Chief of Staff of the Peshmerga forces said that his troops deployed around the city of Mosul and tightened its grip on three sides in preparation for the battle of liberating it from the grip of the Daash organization.

    Lt. Gen. Jamal Mohammed said to the reporter of the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / The Kurdish forces are very close to the city of Mosul after the liberation of all the eastern, northern and western directions leading to it and control the main bridges in Aski and Kazak regions.

    He expressed confidence that Daash organization is unable to progress and suffers from the difficulty of movement in those areas, saying Kurdish forces are waiting for the zero hour to rush toward Mosul and fight the battle of liberation against terrorist groups.


    and other action

    Peshmerga thwart ISIS attack near Bashik

    An early morning ISIS suicide attack on Peshmerga positions near Bashik town left eight militants dead including the bomber.

    A Rudaw reporter on the scene confirmed no Peshmerga soldiers were killed the attack.

    "ISIS militants launched a massive assault near the Peshmerga fronts in the area, but we defeated the attack,"
    said Saad Mamuzini, media officer of the PDK 14th branch.

    Mamuzini said the battle lasted nearly an hour and one Peshmerga was wounded.

    It was reported that other attacks by ISIS militants were also thwarted along the frontlines.


    COMMENT : WITH "MASSIVE " ASSAULT(S) I WOULD EXPECT HIGHER CASUALTIES, BUT ........................ - chattels


    ISIS abandon dead in pre-dawn defeat

    By RÛDAW

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - ISIS attackers were defeated by Peshmerga fighters early on Thursday in Mekhmour town, southeast of Mosul, with the militants abandoning 11 dead comrades.

    Sirwan Barzani, top commander of the Gwer-Mekhmour front, said ISIS suffered heavy casualties in the thwarted attack.

    ISIS also launched a multi-pronged assault on other Peshmerga bases early on Thursday, Barzani said, adding that the Peshmerga repelled the militant onslaughts in all areas.


    and TODAY

    Street clashes, 3 wounded as Peshmerga repulse ISIS offensive in Shingal

    SHINGAL, Kurdistan Region – Three Peshmerga were wounded in Shingal Thursday, where Kurdish forces repulsed an Islamic State attack on Kurdish-controlled positions in the war-ravaged city.

    General Hashim Sitayi from the 8th Peshmerga division told Rudaw the attack involved intense street clashes in the city.

    “The clashes went on for several hours, till late in the evening,” Sitayi said, adding that coalition warplanes were involved in some of the fighting. He could not provide details of ISIS casualties because of the poor visibility at night.

    Kurdish forces in December last year recaptured most areas around Shingal, including Mount Shingal, where thousands of Yezidis had taken refuge after an ISIS offensive last summer.

    Parts of the city are in Peshmerga control but roadside mines and explosives planted by the militants have hampered advances.

    Meanwhile Kurdish security forces seized three tons of TNT in the border town of Rabiaa and arrested several suspects, according to Qasim Smo, a Kurdish security official in Shingal, about 30 kilometers away.



    US ‘eyeing new air base’ in Iraq amid talk of major offensive on ISIS

    Sunday, 15 February 2015 20:14

    Baghdad (AIN) -Washington is working to install a new air base in Iraq’s Kurdistan to be used in a campaign against Islamic State (ISIS), media report. This comes as the White House’s special envoy on ISIS speaks of a ground operation in Iraq against the militants.

    This time an American stronghold in the region will be deployed in Erbil, the capital of semi-autonomous Kurdistan region in northern Iraq that is expected to be used as a logistics hub to supply primarily munitions for warplanes of the US-led coalition against ISIS militants.

    “The base is close to Erbil, the capital of the regional government…The warplanes will do surveillance, but the warplanes which will bomb ISIL targets will not take off from here,” Helgurt Hikmet, spokesperson for the Ministry of Peshmerga (Kurdish self-defense forces) said, as cited by Anadolu Agency.

    Turkey’s Hurriyet also reported that the US is preparing documents to get land leasehold for the next 15 years to station US military personnel and warplanes. A number of the US Air Force’s Black Hawk helicopters have already been deployed to Erbil earlier this month, to ensure quick rescue operations to save downed pilots bombing ISIS positions in Northern Iraq. Such operations became a priority after ISIS fighters burnt alive a downed Jordanian pilot.

    Fighter jets of the US and its western allies have been conducting airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq since early August. Starting from September 23, the US and its Arab allies: Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates started bombing ISIS in Syria, without obtaining any authorization either from Damascus or a UN mandate.

    “There will be a major counter offensive on the ground in Iraq,” retired Marine Corps General John Allen, the White House special envoy on the Islamic State, told Jordan's official Petra news agency a week ago. The operation is actually supposed to be an Iraqi army offensive supported by the anti-ISIS coalition firepower.

    But on Friday, the Islamic State carried out a coordinated suicide bomber attack against the air base housing 320 US Marines just eight kilometers away from the western Iraqi city of al-Baghdadi, confirmed to be under the extremists’ control now.



    Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi: We plan to regain Mosul

    Shafaq News/ Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has told the BBC's John Simpson that Iraq is making preparations to move against the Islamic State stronghold of Mosul. He also said that when he took office five months ago, he was surprised at the lack of support from the US. However, he said that has changed significantly in the last four weeks with ''an acceleration of support''. The Islamic state organization has dominated over vast areas in both Iraq and Syria during last year and announced the establishment of an "Islamic state". The organization is being exposed to intense air strikes since months ago by aiming to weaken and end the presence of the organization by American Coalition aircraft, according to US President , Barack Obama who stressed that at the announcement of the formation of the coalition. Many countries participate in the Alliance including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar and the UAE, which had suspended its participation after the fall of the Jordanian plane pilot , Muath al- Kasasbeh and killing him, then raids resumed afterwards.



    Abadi told the BBC: the liberated areas in Mosul will be for the people of the province and not the center or region

    February 16, 2015

    02/16/2015 12:03 GMT

    Follow-up -oara -announced Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, on Monday, the start of recording thousands of volunteers for the Liberation of Nineveh “Daash,” explaining that the liberated territories should be for the people of Mosul and not the center or the region, while pointing out that the disputed areas solved by the Constitution and not War.

    Ebadi said in an interview reported by the “BBC”, “The more the population of Mosul with the situation in Iraq and against the organization Daash, who are dear to us people and interested freed, and we have received requests for participation process Liberation thousands and we started the registration of names and volunteers,” noting that by saying, “We want people fighters and practical people on the ground that they can contribute to us. ”

    He added, “We have started preparations for a big, and I have appointed two months before the liberation of Mosul,” explaining that “Mosul is keen to be successful, I do not want to sacrifice civilians through fierce fighting, the correct configuration will reduce the losses.”

    He continued, “The central government is coordinating with the Kurdistan region in order to be editor of Mosul, a joint operation and a high degree of coordination,” pointing out that “the government does not want to dispute the liberated areas to happen.”

    Abadi said, that “the liberated areas should be for the people of Mosul,” stressing saying, “We as a government, federal or Peshmerga do not want to take control of the war, the disputed zones replace the constitution.”

    He pointed out that “the local police will be kept after the liberation of land to prevent any reprisals or subversive by Daash or armed groups, and this is essential,” noting that “fear of influence in the Iraq conflict because of conflicts between neighboring countries.”

    Abadi and welcomed “any Arab contribution in this regard,” explaining that “Jordan Daash seen as a threat to national security”



    Expert: seizing Mosul may take 10 months, 30,000 troops

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – The battle to free the city of Mosul from the grip of the Islamic State will require as many as 30,000 soldiers and take as long as 10 months, a leading Kurdish military analyst has told Rudaw.

    Colonel Masoud Salih, an instructor at Zakho Military Academy, said the city’s large size and a tough ISIS defense perimeter could make for one of the toughest, and longest, battles against terrorism in Iraq since 2003.

    He said the impending battle is expected to take place in June with Peshmarga forces acting as auxiliary units to the Iraqi Army.

    Without proper training in urban warfare, he added, the Iraqi army will struggle to dislodge the militants. Mosul fell to ISIS on June 9 after the Iraqi army deserted the city without serious confrontations.

    A successful attack on Iraq’s second-largest city, as explained by Salih, must be accomplished in three stages.

    “The first stage has started, which is surveillance, information gathering, training the Iraqi army and arming the [local Sunni] tribes,” he said.

    The second stage, Salih continued, would be: “Analyzing information, identifying the objectives, planning military operations, setting the Zero hour and cutting the supply lines of ISIS.

    “The third stage would be to commence the operation from three directions, east, south, and the west of Mosul.”

    Each front in the attack on Mosul, according to Salih, would require 10,000 soldiers., with each group divided into 8,000 active fighters and 2,000 reinforcements. He believes strongly the battle will be lengthy, possibly 10 months.

    Some commanders think differently, however, and believe ISIS will soon collapse.

    One military officer estimates ISIS has only some 12,000 fighters in Mosul. The officer, who chose to remain unnamed, said rumors of as many as 30,000 ISIS militants in Mosul are simply ISIS propaganda.

    Yet Salih was quick to point out why the fight would take so long.

    “ISIS has been digging trenches around Mosul for quite some time, also, suicide bombers, and IEDs on the roadsides would slow down the military movements. Urban warfare is difficult and there are also civilians living in the city and the military goals are not clear yet.

    “These factors will make the battle last longer,” said Salih.

    Regarding the role of the Peshmerga forces, Salih said, “The Peshmerga forces will not participate in the ground operations of liberating Mosul, they will act as an auxiliary force that would support the Iraqi army with heavy weapons. They will also protect the residential areas of the minorities in Bartilla, Hamdaniya, Bashika, etc.”

    Salih was among the officers sent to the US for training after 2003 and is aware of many facets of the new Iraqi Ministry of Defense. His experience has given him insight into why the US has not armed Peshmarga forces directly.

    “First, the US does not want to change the balance of forces in Iraq,’ he said.

    “Second, the Kurdistan Region still does not have an organized and united professional army.”

    Even so, Salih said the time to make military preparations for the battle of Mosul is running out.

    “All the signs show that the battle will begin in June, and basically this war needs six months of preparation, which means only four months left.”



    Official: Mission to retake Mosul to begin in April, May

    By Associated Press

    WASHINGTON — The operation to retake Iraq's second largest city from Islamic State militants will likely begin in April or May and will involve about 12 Iraqi brigades, or between 20,000 and 25,000 troops, a senior U.S. military official said Thursday.

    Laying out details of the expected Mosul operation for the first time, the official from U.S. Central Command said five Iraqi Army brigades will soon go through coalition training in Iraq to prepare for the mission. Those five would make up the core fighting force that would launch the attack, but they would be supplemented by three smaller brigades serving as reserve forces, along with three Peshmerga brigades who would contain the Islamic State fighters from the north and west.

    The Peshmerga are Kurdish forces from northern Iraq.

    The official said there also would be a Mosul fighting force, largely made up of former Mosul police and tribal forces, who would have to be ready to go back into the city once the army units clear out the Islamic State fighters.

    Included in the force would be a brigade of Iraqi counterterrorism forces who have been trained by U.S. special operations forces. The brigades include roughly 2,000 troops each. The official was not authorized to discuss the operation publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity.

    The official said the U.S. will provide military support for the operation, including training, air support, intelligence and surveillance. The official said there has been no decision made yet on whether to send in some U.S. ground troops to help call in airstrikes.

    Islamic State militants overtook Mosul last June, as the group marched across large sections of Iraq and Syria, sending Iraqi forces fleeing. At this point, officials estimate there are between 1,000 to 2,000 Islamic State insurgents in the city of Mosul. Military leaders have been talking about retaking the city for some time, but they have said they won't launch the operation until the Iraqi troops are ready.

    The official said they wanted to retake Mosul in the spring, before the summer heat and the holiday month of Ramadan kick in.

    "But by the same token, if they're not ready, if the conditions are not set, if all the equipment they need is not physically there and they (aren't) trained to a degree in which they will be successful, we have not closed the door on continuing to slide that to the right," he said.

    The official also revealed for the first time that Qatar has agreed to host a training site for coalition forces to train moderate Syrian rebels who would return to Syria to fight the Islamic State forces there. Other sites are in Turkey, Jordan and Saudi Arabia.


    Iraqis worry they won't be ready for Mosul operation
    By Associated Press

    WASHINGTON — Questions persist about whether the struggling Iraqi military will be ready for the operation to retake the country's second largest city from Islamic State militants in just a few months.

    Iraqi officials continue to insist they haven't gotten the advanced weapons they need for the operation in the northern city of Mosul, and some question whether they will be ready for a spring offensive. But the Pentagon insists the U.S. has sent tens of thousands of weapons and ammunition and more is in the pipeline.

    Hakim al-Zamili, the head of the security and defense committee in the Iraqi parliament, told The Associated Press Friday that "any operation would be fruitless" unless the brigades are properly prepared and have the weapons they need.

    "I think if these weapons are not made available soon, the military assault might wait beyond spring," he said. "The Americans might have their own calculations and estimations, but we as Iraqis have our own opinion. We are fighting and moving on the ground, so we have better vision and April might be too soon."

    A U.S. Central Command official provided some details of the battle plan Thursday, saying the coordinated military mission to retake Mosul will likely begin in April or May and will involve up to 25,000 Iraqi troops. They have cautioned, however, that if the Iraqis aren't ready, the timing could be delayed.

    The core of the fighting force will be five of Iraq's most accomplished brigades, who will go through additional U.S. training before the operation.

    But al-Zamili said that while several of Iraq's units have gone through training recently, "these well-trained brigades cannot get involved in battles without being equipped with advanced and effective weapons that would enable them to penetrate enemy lines."

    His comment reflects a common complaint from the Iraqi government, both in recent months and throughout much of the Iraq war. The U.S., however, has sent tens of thousands of weapons, ammunition, body armor and other equipment to the country.

    According to a senior defense official, the U.S. sent nearly 1,600 Hellfire missiles to Iraq last year, and has already delivered 232 more. About 10,000 M-16 assault rifles are due to arrive in the next few weeks, along with 23,000 ammunition magazines. The U.S. also has delivered thousands of rockets, mortar rounds, tank rounds, .50-caliber rounds and 10,000 M-68 combat optical sights, a rifle scope commonly used by the U.S. military.

    About 250 mine-resistant, armor-protected vehicles will be delivered in a few weeks, along with sophisticated radio systems for the MRAPs and more ammunition rounds, said the official, who was not authorized to discuss the matter publicly and spoke on condition of anonymity.

    The public discussion of the operation, including how many Iraqi brigades would be involved and how Kurdish Peshmerga military would be used, triggered questions about whether it provided any key information to the enemy.

    The Pentagon doesn't often disclose as much about an operation before it takes place, but in some cases it can be a strategic tactic intended to affect the enemy, trigger a reaction or even prompt some militants to flee before the assault begins. Military officials also said none of the information released by U.S. Central Command could be put to any operational use by the Islamic State militants.

    The operation itself comes as no surprise to the Islamic State group. Iraqi leaders have for months made it publicly clear that they were planning an operation to retake Mosul and that they were eager to get started. In addition, U.S. officials had already acknowledged they were beginning preparations for the Mosul mission, including using airstrikes to shut down supply lines the insurgents were using to get equipment or people in and out of the city.



    US Defense Secretary refuses to set a precise date for the Liberation of Mosul

    Washington-Iraq Press -21 February: rejection of the new US Secretary of Defense Ashton Carter, on Saturday, select the "exact date" to attack Iraqi expected to liberate the city of Mosul from organizing "Daash", while stressing the need to be offensive in time succeed in it.

    Carter said in his first meeting with reporters, since that was sworn in on Tuesday, "We will not announce the exact date of the Iraqi attack is expected to recover from Mosul Daash organization."

    Carter added, "I think the only thing I can say about it is that this will be an offensive led by the Iraqis and the US-backed", stressing that "it is important at the time of attack can succeed in it."

    An official at the US Central Command revealed, on Friday,

    , For the processing of Iraqi military force includes elements of the Peshmerga forces consisting of five military brigades, with about 25 thousand troops to restore the city of Mosul from organizing "Daash", while likely to be a battle in the period April-Oaaralamqublan. Ended (1)

    Last edited by chattels; 02-22-2015 at 08:52 PM.

  6. #6

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015



    Kurds reject proposed rival force in Kirkuk

    ERBIL, Iraq — A law to found a paramilitary National Guard force in Iraq to assist in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) has put Kurds at loggerheads with other communities in northern Iraq.

    Summary⎙ Print The law to establish the National Guard forces in Iraq raised the ire of Kurds in northern Iraq who would rather remain in full control of their areas.
    Author Mohammed A. SalihPosted February 12, 2015
    Kurds strongly reject the formation of any rival armed units in the parts of northern Iraq that are known as disputed territories to which Kurdish, Sunni Arab, Turkmen and Shiite Arab populations lay claims. Most of the disputed territories are now under the control of Kurdish peshmerga forces.

    Members of the other communities want to play a role in the security arrangements of those areas and hope that the National Guard will become a vehicle for their return to the security scene in disputed territories.

    But fearful that the birth of other armed groups can weaken their control over those areas amid a difficult war with IS and give rise to chaotic outcomes, the Kurds have resisted the idea of other competing forces in the disputed territories.

    Shakhawan Abdullah, a Kurdish member of the Iraqi parliament, told Al-Monitor that the law has to make it clear that the National Guard will not be established in Kurdish-controlled areas. “The National Guard law should stipulate clearly that the peshmerga is in charge in the disputed territories and that’s it,” said Abdullah, a Kirkuk deputy in the Iraqi parliament’s security and defense committee.

    Iraq’s Cabinet passed a draft law on Feb. 3 that paves the way for legalizing the status of disparate Shiite armed groups and organizing tribal Sunni forces under the umbrella of a National Guard force.

    The National Guard draft law was scheduled for a first reading by Iraqi members of parliament during a meeting on Feb. 10. But deep disagreements regarding certain items of the bill led the speaker to delay discussions indefinitely.

    Grappling with a resilient and formidable foe in the form of IS, the Iraqi government is desperate to use the National Guard as a key element to turn the tide against the jihadist group. There appears to be nationwide support for the creation of the National Guard as far as fighting IS is concerned in the areas that the group controls in northern and central Iraq.

    While Kurds also support the idea of the National Guard to fight IS in other parts of the country, they do not want those fighters in areas they run such as the Kurdistan Region and the disputed parts of Kirkuk, Ninevah, Salahuddin and Khanaqin provinces under their control.

    In particular, the oil-rich province of Kirkuk has been at the center of the controversy surrounding the National Guard.

    In an interview published Feb. 8 in the London-based pan-Arab daily, Al Hayat, Iraqi Kurdistan President Massoud Barzani said, “We are not in need of the Popular Mobilization [forces] and will not allow any forces to enter Kirkuk.”

    Popular Mobilization refers to the armed Shiite groups formed after the collapse of several divisions of the Iraqi army when IS attacked Mosul and other main areas in northern and central Iraq.

    After the Iraqi army forces were routed by IS militants last June, the army’s 12th Division abandoned its bases in Kirkuk. Kurdish peshmerga forces moved swiftly and set up shop in the areas of the province where Kurdish populations reside, including the city of Kirkuk and the rich oil fields in its environs.

    Sunni Arabs form the vast majority of the Arab population in the ethnically and sectarian-diverse Kirkuk province and other disputed territories. The southern parts of Kirkuk province, around the districts of Hawija and Rashad, host the majority of Sunni Arabs in the province and are currently controlled by IS forces.

    But Sunni Arab leaders who are not residing in IS-controlled territories demand the formation of a Sunni force as part of the National Guard.

    “Sunni Arab tribes want to be part of the forces defending Kirkuk alongside the peshmerga,” Ismael Hadidi, the chief of the Sunni Arab Hadidi tribe, told Al-Monitor. “Daesh [IS] poses a huge threat to us all.”

    Hadidi, who also served as Kirkuk’s deputy governor for a number of years after the US-led invasion in 2003, said that the structure of the National Guard forces and their command structure must be clearly defined. He added that in the event that the National Guard forces are established in Kirkuk, there should be “coordination and a joint command” between them and the peshmerga forces.

    Another draft law aimed at relatively easing the restrictions placed on the return of the former members of Saddam Hussein's outlawed Baath Party to public life is expected to be discussed alongside the National Guard bill. The Sunni Arabs want a board that was in charge of identifying and disqualifying Baathists from engaging in public life to be dismantled as they accuse it of practically launching a witch-hunt campaign against Sunni Arabs.

    “There are many professional and patriotic officers from the former Iraqi army [under Saddam Hussein] who we can draw on their capabilities,” Hadidi said.

    While the majority of Kurdish members of the Iraqi parliament and Kurdish politicians in Kirkuk appear to be against the formation of National Guard units in Kirkuk, there is already some measure of cooperation between the Shiite Popular Mobilization units.

    IS launched a multi-pronged assault on Kirkuk city on Jan, 29, but after two days of intense fighting, Kurdish forces pushed back IS militants, preventing them from reaching the city. Following those attacks, scores of Shiite armed elements reportedly set up shop south of Kirkuk city with the stated aim of assisting the peshmerga forces in defending the city. There were some Popular Mobilization forces in Kirkuk even before Jan. 29.

    There appears to be a rift in the stance of the two dominant Kurdish parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), in terms of their approach to the Shiite armed groups.

    Whereas the KDP, led by Barzani, is adamant in rejecting the presence of Shiite armed groups in areas under Kurdish control, the PUK, led by former Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, appears to have a lukewarm position. Peshmerga forces affiliated with the PUK have cooperated with the Shiite armed groups in liberating areas such as Amerli in Salahuddin province and Jalawla in Diyala province.

    Abdullah, the Kurdish member of parliament, says that the Shiite groups have violated their earlier agreements with Kurds to leave the Kurdish-controlled areas after Amerli was recaptured from IS in September and Jalawla in November last year.

    In a visit to Kirkuk on Feb. 7, Hadi al-Ameri, the head of the Badr Brigades, an Iranian-backed Shiite armed group, hinted at possible plans for cooperation between the Popular Mobilization units and the peshmerga forces.

    “Kirkuk is of high importance and has oil and gas resources as well as power stations,” Ameri said following a meeting with Kirkuk Gov. Najmaddin Karim. “We have to act toward ending the threat posed by Daesh [IS] through high coordination with the peshmerga forces and the governor, and this requires swift action.”



    Anbar officials reject Shiite popular mobilization forces

    Officials in Iraq's Anbar province are concerned about the members of popular mobilization forces carrying out sectarian revenge operations against the residents of the province, 80% of which falls under the control of the Islamic State (IS).

    Summary⎙ Print Officials in Iraq's Anbar province are concerned about the increase in revenge operations carried out by popular mobilization forces.

    Author Omar al-JaffalPosted February 15, 2015

    TranslatorCynthia Milan

    The popular mobilization forces formed following the fall of Mosul on June 10, 2014, after supreme Shiite religious authority Ali al-Sistani announced the “righteous jihad” fatwa. The forces brought together a number of Shiite militias, some of which receive direct support from Iran.

    On Feb. 6, members of the popular mobilization forces killed two Anbar tribesmen in al-Sajariyah in eastern Ramadi, stirring the anger of the local Anbar government and the tribes supporting the security forces.

    Anbar's popular mobilization forces comprise about 3,000 members who are mostly concentrated around Amiriyat Fallujah, in addition to several military points where Iraqi security forces are stationed.

    Azal al-Fahdawi, a member of Anbar’s provincial council, told Al-Monitor, “Many tribal fighters in Ramadi and officials in the province are wishing that the popular mobilization would join and help us in our fight against IS. However, if there were revenge operations or some provocations by the popular mobilization, then it will result in additional unnecessary problems.”

    Fahdawi said, “The popular mobilization forces are being cautious, but their wish to eliminate IS is stronger than their cautiousness,” adding, “The popular mobilization should be put under the command of Anbar’s Operations Command. Only then will we support it and provide whatever it asks for.”

    “The majority of Anbar tends to welcome the popular mobilization among tribal fighters,” Fahdawi said. “There is coordination between the tribes and the popular mobilization. A delegation of Anbar’s sheikhs met with leaders of the popular mobilization, and they held a workshop regarding their cooperation.”

    Fahdawi added, “The popular mobilization’s movement is limited in Anbar. Its presence only extends to the areas of al-Sajariyah, al-Hawz and al-Jazira in Ramadi, and the Yabani [Japanese] Bridge from Saqlawiyah’s side in north Fallujah, since these are the hotspots and most dangerous areas.”

    Naim al-Qaoud, the head of the Bunemer tribes, which fight alongside Iraqi security forces, told Al-Monitor, “There are no problems with the popular mobilization in Anbar.”

    Around 500 of Qaoud's tribesmen were killed by IS. “The conflicts that occurred in certain areas might have been with members from a different group and not from the popular mobilization,” he said.

    “There is coordination between the tribes and the popular mobilization forces,” he said, but described it as, “not of the required level.”

    He added, “There are men in Anbar who are capable of cleansing it [from terrorism]. I am not saying that I am against the popular mobilization, but there are men who volunteered in Anbar and they are capable of liberating it from IS but they need reinforcements.”

    In reality, the parties that are welcoming the popular mobilization in Anbar do not have any other options to face IS’ expansion throughout the province, in addition to its constant attempts to take over the city of Ramadi, Anbar’s center, where the local government is situated.

    “Why doesn’t the government provide reinforcement for the tribes?” Qaoud asked. “Some believe that certain concerned parties want the popular mobilization to participate in cleansing the province while others think that some parties want the province to remain under IS control.”

    The demand to provide reinforcement for Anbar’s tribes to eliminate IS has become persistent, especially since the majority of tribal parties complain about their lack of weapons and ammunition. IS, meanwhile, was able to take possession of the Iraqi army's heavy weaponry as the army left these areas.

    In a statement following the killing of the two Anbar tribesmen in al-Sajariyah, President of Anbar’s Provincial Council Sabah Karhout said, “The council did not ask the popular mobilization to come to Anbar. We asked the central government and leadership to support the province to put an end to strife and eliminate IS.”

    Al-Monitor was able to obtain a copy of Karhout’s statement, in which he asked the Ministry of Defense for “all the forces that come to Anbar to be under the umbrella of the government and security forces in Anbar,” noting that “there is a revolution in Anbar by its tribes against IS but it needs certain fundamental elements.”

    “The central government will be held responsible for any security deterioration that might occur in Anbar, due to the lack of weapons provided for tribes and security forces,” he said, stressing the need to “increase Anbar’s share in weapons and ammunition reinforcement to face the threat posed by the terrorist group.”



    Special / Presidency of the House of Representatives to consider the law of accountability crashes, the National Guard because they are not fully-fledged language

    BAGHDAD - Iraq Press - February 16: confirmed the Presidency of the Council of Representatives, on Monday, disable consider the accountability and justice bills and the Baath Party and the National Guard until the end of the State Council of the comments on the draft laws.

    The decision of the House of Representatives, Niazi architecture Ihsanoglu, L / Iraq Press / "The draft accountability and justice, and the prohibition of the Baath Party has handed them the House of Representatives formulas primitive and incomplete in the first time what caused Unlike large between the political parties in the House of Representatives to prove that the government sent them to two destinations in that one. "
    "Either talk about the existence of any draft forged belong to the projects mentioned Evger real and that the House of Representatives received these two projects an official letter from the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers blaming them responsible for any error happened in the transmitter and the process of the legislature ignored the projects because they are not fully-fledged wording was supposed sent to State Consultative Council for these numbers to match with the Constitution and relevant laws. "

    A ring that "the House of Representatives awaiting the arrival of important bills, including accountability, justice and the prohibition of the National Guard and the Baath Party of the State Consultative Council to include the full records of the meetings of the government official wrote in favor of it to complete the legislative process."



    February 16, 2015

    Parliamentary Legal affirming the inadmissibility pass legal accountability and guard in one basket

    BAGHDAD - Said the legal committee in the House of Representatives member Salim Shawki, the inability to pass the Justice and Accountability Act and the National Guard within a single basket in the parliament.

    He said Shawki told ((eighth day)) that "the legal accountability and the National Guard of the agreed rules within the paper political agreement between the political blocs and thus they become binding for all the blocks of laws to be passed each one separately within the parliament.

    Shawki, adding that "there Hittite efforts by all parties for the purpose of passing laws to serve the public interest and promotion of the general reality in the country.

    The voice on the Board of the National Guard and legal accountability, justice and raising them to pass the State Council and then to the House of Representatives.



    " ...........apart from the billions it has spent on the Iraqi army. From 2011 to 2014 nearly $41 billion was wasted on the Iraqi army, a force that did not resist ISIS more than 41 minutes.

    The army is an icon of corruption in Iraq. On top of this, there are 42 unlawful militia groups in Iraq, all of them formed under the cabinet that was named the State of Law government.





    The Government Approves Form An Arm a Division of 10 Thousands of Anbar Tribes

    Ramadi / NINA / Chairman of Anbar province council, Sabah Karhoot revealed that the government approved to form an Army Division of 10 thousand fighters from the province and the sons of the tribes.

    He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / the Anbar provincial council held a lengthy meeting today with local officials in the province and tribal leaders to discuss the security situation in Anbar and the moves under way to secure the liberation of the cities and requirements and procedures related to the formation of a military task force of ten thousand fighters from the sons of the tribes to be part of the security system in Iraq.

    He explained that the federal government has agreed in principle to form the division, which will receive 500 volunteers from every clan, which will be within the formations of border guards, explaining that the arming and equipped process will be by the federal government and the Ministries of Defense and Interior.

    He stressed that the volunteers training plan will be in Habbaniyah (Ein al-Assad base) as well as the military bases in a number of other provinces.



    " .............the three presidencies will meet within 48 hours to make a decision to disarm the militias and confined in state hands."



    Concern in Iraq grows over unregulated Shiite forces

    The popular mobilization forces have been widely controversial in Iraq since their inception in June 2014. Public opinion has focused on the legitimacy of these irregular forces, their activities and the possible illegal killings committed by them in the fight against the Islamic State (IS). In light of the dire need for these forces in the ongoing conflict on the one hand, and lapses in disciplined behavior among their ranks on the other, Iraqis remain conflicted about them.

    Summary⎙ Print The popular mobilization forces in Iraq have made positive contributions to the fight against the Islamic State, but allegations of killings require that they be brought under the government's security umbrella.

    Author Ali MamouriPosted February 17, 2015

    TranslatorSahar Ghoussoub

    Reports occasionally appear about violations and abuses by the mobilization forces on the battlefield and off it. At the same time, however, one cannot deny their contribution to hindering IS’ progress toward the central and southern areas of the country. In addition, the forces have also recently made offensive advances against IS, improving their reputation in the public's eye and in the Iraqi political arena.

    The popular mobilization forces were formed after Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani issued a fatwa calling on all those able to take up arms and volunteer in the security forces in the fight against IS. The forces were to fall under the umbrella of the state’s security services and within its legal frameworks and practices. In the course of events, however, some of these groups embarked on a different path, operating independently, outside judicial and governmental monitoring and supervision, somewhat along the lines of Iran’s Basij, which were founded in 1979 at the directive of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

    One thing that distinguishes Iraq's popular mobilization forces from its army units is their deep willingness to fight and to sacrifice to achieve military objectives against the enemy. They do not, however, have the professional and military training of the official forces and are not being held accountable in instances of violations.

    The popular mobilization forces are in part reconstitutions of the militias formed after the US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq that fought against US troops and were often supported by Iran. Some of the groups formed independently and later gained Iranian backing, such as the Mahdi Army, which is affiliated with Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Other groups were initially formed under Iranian supervision, such as the Badr Organization, Hezbollah in Iraq and Jaysh al-Mukhtar.

    These forces expanded with the enrollment of large numbers of volunteers, especially following the fall of Mosul in June 2014. Their relations with Iran grew stronger as they began to operate under Iranian military guidance. Their close ties to Iran stem in part from an ideological kinship, but also from the militias' lack of trust in the fighting skills of the Iraqi army, which failed to protect Mosul and has suffered significant subsequent defeats.

    Sectarianism in Iraq has fueled resentment toward the popular forces. While some violations against civilians have been attributed to IS, others have accused the popular mobilization forces of committing them. The most prominent such incident was the August 2104 attack on the Musab bin Umair Mosque in Diyala that left nearly 70 Sunni civilians dead.

    Also in Diyala province in the last week of January, an assault was reported to have resulted in more than 70 civilians being killed, including women and children. Dozens of people have also been kidnapped. The media office of the popular mobilization forces in Diyala has issued official denials of responsibility for these killings, instead blaming IS and calling for a comprehensive judicial investigation into the matter.

    Sistani's spokesman Ahmed al-Safi has also called for investigations and for firm measures to be taken against the perpetrators to deter similar incidents in the future. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has announced the formation of a committee to investigate the matter, charging that the perpetrators of such crimes are “outlaws serving specific agendas” seeking to divide Iraq.

    Areas of Baghdad have not been immune to the alleged transgressions of the popular mobilization forces. Clashes erupted Jan. 31 in the Karrada district between Hezbollah brigades and fighters affiliated with other popular forces after disagreements following the kidnapping of the brigades’ secretary-general, Abbas al-Mohammedawi, by unknown parties.

    That same day, Abadi declared five regions in Baghdad — Adhamiya, Karrada, Khadimiya, Mansour and Saydiya — demilitarized zones in an attempt to reduce violence in the capital. He also lifted the nighttime curfew that had been imposed for years on different areas of Baghdad.

    Another measure that should be taken is bringing the popular mobilization forces under government control alongside the Iraqi army. This would help prevent illegal and irresponsible behavior and allow direct judicial action against violators, eliminating the need to form investigative committees after every alleged crime or incident. In light of the struggle with IS, Iraqis are not yet willing to dissolve the irregular forces, but further indiscriminate acts of violence could further deepen the sectarian divide and strengthen IS, which feeds and thrives on such divisions.



    02/18/2015 00:20

    The three presidencies meeting will end joint action

    BAGHDAD / Obelisk: confirmed the three presidencies during a meeting this evening on the need to promote joint action and political consensus and strengthen the sons of threatened areas of terrorism, efforts to protect their areas and respect the authority of the judiciary, independence, and show the results of investigations into the crimes committed after it has been a comprehensive review of the overall political, security and economic developments in the country, As recently agreed to hold a meeting to follow up the implementation of what was agreed upon.

    He said a presidential statement held at the Peace Palace Bbgad Tuesday evening, the three presidencies meeting attended by President Fuad Masum, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and Parliament Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, the Vice President and the Prime Minister and President of the House of Representatives, also attended the meeting, Chairman of the Supreme Judicial Council, Medhat al-Mahmoud. "

    "I was in the meeting, a comprehensive review of the overall political, security and economic developments in the country with a heavy intake of verified in the political document and the program of work of the government during the last period, was to continue to emphasize the need to strengthen joint action and political compatibility and high sense of responsibility by all political parties in order to meet the challenges facing the country's various components. "

    He continued, "With saluted the meeting success of our fighters from the armed forces and the crowd, popular, and the Peshmerga forces clan in the face of terrorists and defeated in a lot of areas, the presidencies stressed the need to strengthen these victories and assigning the unity of the political situation and the joint work, with an emphasis on strengthening the sons of threatened areas of terrorism, efforts to protect areas of cooperation with the armed forces and the effort military, security and intelligence state. "

    The participants confirmed according to the statement "the need to respect the authority and independence of the judiciary in accordance with the principles of the Constitution and the adoption of the resolution of issues as well as to show the results of investigations into crimes which affect the Iraqi people."

    The statement continued, "The meeting also considered positively to the agreement between the federal government and the Kurdistan Regional Government in connection with the oil and the budget and the commitment of the two parties, and called to resolve outstanding through and increase and improve military cooperation in dealing with gangs Daash criminal and joint action for the relief of refugees and displaced positive dialogue problems."

    He pointed out that "the meeting dominated atmosphere of full and positive interaction in the frankness of views, it was agreed to hold a meeting soon to follow up the implementation of what was agreed upon and complete the discussion of the pressing issues at all levels."




    Sadr suspends militias after Sunni leader’s murder
    By RÛDAW

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has shut down two militia groups after the assassination of a prominent Sunni tribal leader and the subsequent deepening of sectarian tensions across Iraq.

    Sadr’s announcement that Youm-AlMauad and Saraia Salami, two Shiite brigades fighting against ISIS alongside Iraqi security forces, must suspend operations follow’s outrage over last week’s murder of the Sheik Qasim al-Janabi and eight others in central Baghdad.

    “What happened proves that Iraq is not suffering from foreign forces alone, but suffers from militia groups as well. Both are undermining the Iraqi government and pose security threats to the country,” said Sadr, who added he was willing to work with security forces to find the murderers.

    Sadr also called on political parties to be patient for investigation results, referring to Sunni politicians who threatened to walk out of Iraqi parliament in the aftermath of the killing.



    Sadr suspends militias after Sunni leader’s murder

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has shut down two militia groups after the assassination of a prominent Sunni tribal leader and the subsequent deepening of sectarian tensions across Iraq.

    Sadr’s announcement that Youm-AlMauad and Saraia Salami, two Shiite brigades fighting against ISIS alongside Iraqi security forces, must suspend operations follow’s outrage over last week’s murder of the Sheik Qasim al-Janabi and eight others in central Baghdad.

    “What happened proves that Iraq is not suffering from foreign forces alone, but suffers from militia groups as well. Both are undermining the Iraqi government and pose security threats to the country,” said Sadr, who added he was willing to work with security forces to find the murderers.

    Sadr also called on political parties to be patient for investigation results, referring to Sunni politicians who threatened to walk out of Iraqi parliament in the aftermath of the killing.

    Last edited by chattels; 02-22-2015 at 08:48 PM.

  7. #7

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015


    TODAY : " It is expected that the dollar sales decline in the auction for this year, according to the law of the state budget, which began in Parliament on 29 January last, and ratified by the Presidency of the Republic on 10 February and this will be put into effect when published in the Official Gazette."



    The president of the republic approves budget bill.

    10/02/2015 12:00

    BAGHDAD / Nina /-- President Fuad Masum approved the federal budget bill today . ( * PAST TUESDAY )


    The House of Representatives has approved the federal budget for 2015 law late last month at $ 119 trillion dinars with a deficit of 25 trillion dinars.


    "Obelisk" published the text of the 2015 Balancing Act

    Published "obelisk" the text of the last voter Budgeting Act by the House of Representatives.

    Behalf of the people


    Resolution No. ()

    Based on what passed the House of Representatives, according to the provisions of subsection (I) of Article (61), *

    * [Article 61: The Council of Representatives shall be competent in the following: First: Enacting federal laws.]

    item (iii) of Article (73) of the Constitution.*

    * [ Article 73: The President of the Republic shall assume the following powers: Third: To ratify and issue the laws enacted by the Council of Representatives. Such
    laws are considered ratified after fifteen days from the date of receipt by the President ]

    President of the Republic decided on / / 2015 ( * SEE ABOVE DATE FOR RATIFICATION BY PRESIDENT MASOUM )

    Issued the following law:

    Law No. () for the year / 2015

    The general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq for the financial year / 2015 Act

    ((Chapter I))

    - Revenue -

    Article 1

    First of all:

    A general budget estimated revenues of the Federal fiscal year / 2015 in the amount of (94,048,364,139) thousand dinars (ninety-four thousand eighty-four billion) as shown in (Table / A - revenue according to the counter) attached to this law.

    (B) calculation of the revenues derived from the export of crude oil based on the average price of $ 56 dollars per barrel and the rate of export of (3300000) barrels per day (three million three hundred thousand barrels per day), including 250,000) barrels per day (two hundred and fifty thousand barrels per day) for amounts Crude oil produced in the province of Kurdistan and (300,000) barrels (three hundred thousand barrels per day) for quantities of crude oil produced by the province of Kirkuk, and that all revenue actually permanently revenue of the public treasury of the state to account.

    Second: - The ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry to register all monetary amounts of the grants received by the income once the public treasury of the Federal under the memoranda of understanding with foreign governments or institutions and the Federal Ministry of Finance re-allocated for the purposes of which was awarded for it in coordination with the Federal Ministry of Planning.

    Third: -

    Restrict the amount of donations given to the ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry after the acceptance of the Federal Minister of Finance income once the public treasury of the Federal, that the Federal Minister of Finance allocated to the ministry credits or entity is associated with the Ministry of the Exchange in accordance with the purposes for which was granted for it.

    Fourth: -

    Restrict the amount of grants or contributions by governments and institutions, foreign to the ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry or the provinces and provincial councils under the memoranda of understanding income once the Treasury whether these grants and donations whether in the form of technical assistance or the implementation of projects that are under Akiemha speculative in ministry records or organization is not related to the Ministry or the regions and provinces and provincial councils animate the relationship and be accepting cash donations or in-kind and reallocation coordination between beneficiaries and all of the planning and finance ministries federated.

    Fifth: -

    The grants and subsidies unused allocated to government departments and public sector companies the end of the financial year / 2014 in accordance with the accounting standards used to calculate the final exchange amounts amounts calculated and considered surplus or paid amounts in excess along these lines down payment allocated to the Department of the grant or unit in the fiscal year / Account 2015.

    ((Chapter II))

    - Expenses and Aladz-

    Article 2

    First expenses: -

    Allocated amount (119585322783) thousand dinars (one hundred and nineteen thousand five hundred and eighty-five billion and three hundred and twenty-two million, seven hundred and Eighty-three thousand dinars) for the expenses of the financial year / 2015 distributed according to (expenses field / 3 total) of the (Table / b expenditure by ministries) attached to this law.

    A sum of $ (41991214070) thousand dinars (Forty-one thousand nine hundred and Ninety-one billion two hundred and fourteen million, seventy thousand dinars) for the expenses of projects distributed according to (field / 2- expenses of the investment projects) of the (Table / b expenditure by ministries) attached to this law .

    (B) an amount of (77594108713) thousand dinars (Seventy-seven thousand five hundred and ninety-four billion one hundred and eight million, seven hundred and thirteen thousand dinars) for ongoing expenses in accordance with the (field / 1- current expenditures of the (Table / b expenditure by ministries) attached to this law.

    (C) The sum of (125000000) thousand dinars (one hundred and twenty-five billion dinars) contingency reserve within the provisions of other expenses to the budget of the Federal Ministry of Finance out of the assignments mentioned in item (i - b) referred to above.

    (D) The sum of (3500000000) thousand dinars (three thousand and five hundred billion dinars (l) the reconstruction and development of the regions and provinces projects including Kurdistan) out of the allocations referred to in clause (i / a) of Article (2) above is distributed according to the number of residents each province. And implemented as follows: -

    1. Conservative provide reconstruction conservative districts, counties plan has been approved by the Provincial Council of depending on the plans by the district councils and respects to the Federal Ministry of Planning for the purpose of examination and approval on the most sensitive areas affected within the province and to be distributed to maintain the district allocations aspects associated according to population ratios after excluding strategic projects that benefit more than one hand or eliminate not exceed the cost of the new strategic projects for 20% of the province allocations.

    2. The conservative exclusively implementation of the reconstruction plan approved and the provincial council responsible for monitoring implementation.

    E - depends amount equal to $ 2 for every barrel of crude oil producer in the province, and (2) a dollar for every barrel of crude oil refined in refineries conservative and (2) a dollar for every 150 cubic meters of natural gas producer in the province, and to allocate an amount of (1752237651) thousand dinars (one thousand seven hundred and fifty-two billion two hundred and thirty-seven million six hundred and fifty and one thousand dinars) as projects to the provinces and territories from producer continued allocations referred to in clause (i a-) of Article (2) above and the amount the remainder of the amount (1752237651) thousand dinars (one thousand seven hundred and two and fifty billion, two hundred and thirty-seven million six hundred and fifty and one thousand dinars) and the runway within the table (and) attached to this law shall be disbursed to keep producing at check increase in the source of crude oil revenues and the governor after the provincial council approval right to dispose of and use, including not more than (50%) of the allocations referred to above for the purpose of importing electric energy or the provision of services to maintain and clean and ongoing expenses, according to the needs of the province, and the priority spending areas hardest hit by the production and oil filter and environmental protection projects, and through the conduct transfers required coordination with each of the finance and planning ministries federated, to be adjustments computational after audited by the Office of Federal Financial Supervision in the budget of the following year for the purpose of securing teams (3) dollars for the remaining share of each province produced.

    Second: the deficit:

    A. The total planned deficit of the general budget of the Federal fiscal year / 2015 (25401235783) thousand dinars (twenty five thousand four hundred and one billion two hundred and thirty-five million, seven hundred and Eighty-three thousand dinars) and cover the deficit of the internal and external borrowing and amounts retained cash in the Ministry of Finance account Federal savings rate is expected to increase the sale of the source of crude oil prices or increase exports of crude oil, according to the details set forth in the following (Table 1): -

    (B) authorizes the Federal Minister of Finance to continue to borrow for the purpose of bridging the projected deficit in the federal budget of: -

    1. The International Monetary Fund, complementing the amount of (4.5) billion dollars (four billion five hundred million dollars).

    2. World Bank, complementing the $ 2 billion dollars (two billion dollars) during the year / 2015 allocated of which $ 355 million dollars to the Ministry of Construction and Housing for the purpose of financing highway traffic.

    3. The use of the Special Drawing Rights of up to SDR (1.8) billion dollars (one billion, eight hundred million dollars).

    4. domestic borrowing, including issuing orders and Treasury bonds.

    (C) authorize the Ministry of Finance to borrow an amount (500000000) dollars (five hundred million dollars) from the Islamic Development Bank to allocate an amount of (225 million) dollars (two hundred and twenty-five million dollars) to the Ministry of Construction and Housing for the purpose of financing the rehabilitation of Highway No. 1 / and that the remaining amount is used for projects other ministries in agreement with the Islamic Development Bank.

    Third: - is related to the Ministry and allocations contingency reserve amounting be financed remaining allocations of current expenditures, including the ruling sovereign expenditures of the ministries and agencies (18150865022) thousand dinars (eighteen thousand, one hundred and fifty billion eight hundred and sixty-five million and twenty-two thousand dinars) and distributed in accordance with the table (and ) attached to this law when you check extra cash for increasing amounts of crude oil exports, the source or the increase in the selling price of crude oil source.

    ((Chapter III))

    - General and Final Provisions -

    Article 3

    Limits the exchange of credits main accounts of expenses (compensation of employees, supplies services, intermediate goods, asset maintenance, capital expenditures, grants, subsidies and debt service, interest and other expenses, commitments and contributions and foreign aid, special programs, social welfare) and the expenses of the projects approved in the general budget of the Federal Republic Iraq by the Federal Minister of Finance, and the concerned minister or the head of the body is related to the Ministry, purses or head of the provincial power exchange Council directly in the light of the Allocations within the annual budget and for the purposes specified under the spending approved by the Federal Minister of Finance may not enter into a commitment to certifying plan more than what is intended in the federal budget.

    Article 4

    (Transfers) to the Ministry of Finance to take what it takes to make transfers, as follows (Table 2):

    First: the reallocation amounts in the table below

    Second: Add revenue derived from the sale of crude oil to refineries and government revenue of entering into the state treasury Bmekdr 1642 billion dinars.

    Third: the transmission of the amounts contained in the first item on the following table (Table 3):

    8102 + 1642 to 6152.25 = 3591.75 rest (reduce the budget)

    Third, are reduced to the total expenditures in the general budget for 2015 of $ (3591.75) billion dinars.

    Article - 5

    First: Federal Minister of Finance the power to conduct transfers between funds the general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq ratified in the annual federal budget at the level of the doors, sections and chapters and articles, species and sequence type and for each individual case, has the right to authorize the ministers and heads of departments not related to the Ministry, governors and heads of provincial non-boards associated with the province the power to make transfers between funds the federal budget of the Republic of Iraq approved in the federal budget annual rate not to exceed 5% (five percent) from the exchange of the unity of the other exchange is reduced allocations except for credits of investment projects, taking into account the provisions of subsection (8) section (9) of the Financial Administration Act No. (95) for the year / 2004 that Ataatm transfers of capital project expenditure allocations to current expenditures.

    Second: The Minister of Finance is committed to coordination with the Minister of Planning and put tight controls to limit the waste of funds through transfers between the sections and the sections and chapters of the budget and orders parts for construction contracts.

    Article 6

    (A) to the Prime Minister and the Federal Minister of Finance of the Federal common amounts approved for use (contingency reserve) set forth in item (i / c) of Article (2) of the Act for the payment of necessary expenses after running out of this law, if there is an urgent need to spend without being restricted ( domestic spending) and the lack of allocation to cover this need Reduction (3) billion dinars (three billion dinars) for each case, and if the amount exceeds the limit mentioned rely Cabinet approval of the federal proposal of the Federal Minister of Finance and the Federal Minister of Finance to prepare regulations for the use of the contingency reserve allocations within the Implementing Regulations annual federal budget.

    (B) the Ministry of Finance to provide a quarterly report expenses contingency reserve to the House of Representatives.

    Article -7-

    First: -tstkhaddm approved in this Act appropriations for up to 31 / December of the fiscal year / 2015.

    Second: -takid the income earned during the fiscal year 2015 revenue of the federal public budget until 12/31/2015, either income received after the end of the financial year / 2015 are recorded revenue of the general budget of the federal fiscal year / 2016.

    -8-Article shall not make any transfers within the allocations (reconstruction and development projects regions and provinces) between the provinces.

    Article - 9. authorizes the Minister of Municipalities and Public Works validity of federal transfers between own resources to the budgets of municipal institutions within the same province and conduct transfers within the goods and services account for each municipality Foundation.

    Article - 10

    First: - define the Kurdistan region's share (17%) of the seventeen percent of the total expenditures shown in (Table / e. Expenditures ruling) attached to this law and paid by the Federal Ministry of Finance.

    Second: -

    The proportion (17%) Seventeen percent of the Kurdistan region of actual total expenditure (current expenditures and expenses of the investment projects) of the general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq ratified after excluding expenses of the sovereign (the House of Representatives, the Presidency, Council of Ministers, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, the Federal Court, the Electoral Commission, the Justice and Accountability, Property Claims Commission, Office of the Inspector General Property Claims, the Integrity Commission, Office of Financial Supervision, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, wage negotiations and legal claims of debt, wages scrutiny of international auditing firm, and the Committee of Financial Experts , contributing to the cost of crude oil production source, the benefits of World Bank loans, the benefits of IMF loans, interest on other foreign loans, interest on the public treasury transfers bonds, bond interest to extinguish the external debt of the private sector, the amounts of Arab and international contributions, travel Directorate expenses and citizenship and leadership border forces and projects of the border crossing points, the National Security Council, the debt settlement abroad, wages for transporting crude oil source via Turkey, premiums bilateral agreements with the Paris Club countries and countries outside the Paris Club, the benefits of premium bilateral agreements with the Paris Club countries and countries outside the club Paris, the payment of the value of the versions of the old treasury transfers, cash settlement small private sector debt abroad, co-financing, port projects, railway projects, dam projects, project management atmosphere, premiums IMF loans, premiums World Bank loans and receivables Arab Monetary Fund for the restructuring of Iraq's debts Convention).

    Quotas governorates not organized in the region by taking into account the number of inhabitants of the total expenditures shown in (Table / d expenditures ruling) attached to this law after excluding share amounting to the Kurdistan region (17%).

    Fourth: -and an increase or decrease in the total federal budget added or expenses reduce the share of the Kurdistan proportionally province with the increase or decrease, taking into account the provisions of clauses (II, III) of this Article, including modifications that take place on sovereign expenditure and the ruling from the transfer of allocations to General expenses by the same percentage mentioned above and the Federal Ministry of Finance to hold settlement calculates the share of the Kurdistan region in the light of the actual expenses for prior years shown by the final accounts approved by the Federal Office of Financial Supervision.

    Fifth: - allocating a percentage of allocations of federal land forces of the Iraqi army to the Peshmerga forces according to population ratios as part of the Iraqi security system.

    Article - 11

    First: - (a) The Federal Office of Financial Supervision in coordination with the Office of Financial Supervision of the Kurdistan region of calculating and determining federal income withdrawn in the region this year and the Ministry of Finance in the region to transfer to the Federal Ministry of Finance monthly.

    (B) are the settlement of dues between the province and the federal government for the years 2004 to 2014 and subsequent years after its audited by the BSA in agreement with the Federal Audit Court of the province.

    Second - when the failure of the province to pay federal income withdrawn to the public treasury of the Federal Ministry of Finance to deduct the federal quota under clause (i) of this Article equivalent to the planned revenue in the federal budget and conducting settlement calculations later.

    Third: - If you do not fulfill any party (the federal government - the Kurdistan Regional Government) oil or financial obligations agreed to in this budget, the other party is also bound to fulfilling its obligations or oil was financial.

    Article - 12

    Re-examined in the share of the Kurdistan region and governorates not organized in a region in the federal budget for the year / 2015 and beyond in light of the results of the census and the census for the year / 2015 to be in the light of determining the actual amount of the share of the region or province is part of a region in the federal budget for the year / 2016 and display the difference on the Federal Minister for settlement.

    Article -13-

    First: - comply with federal ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry of B (Table / c) the number of manpower for the ministries and departments centrally funded for the year / 2015 to the present law and the Federal Minister of Finance at the request of the ministry or organization is not related to the Ministry, the validity of the introduction of grades and modify angel output what comes : -

    A development of the grades covered by the political separation by re politicians dismissed Law No. 24 of 2005 as amended.

    (B) the development of scores of varieties developed in the ministries and departments not related to the Ministry and enacting a law after the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers and authentication that is being mandated insurance through transfers of current within each ministry or expenditure side is linked to the Ministry.

    C - the introduction of grades for the purpose of installing contractors to permanent staffing exception from the requirement old who contracted exclusively within the operating budget and increase the contractual services to three years and promote their transactions as of 01/07/2015 that does not entail any financial consequences that retroactively with buyout National savings if proofed by the increase in salaries and be the priority of the contractors who have been audited Adaberhm of committees formed for this purpose in accordance with the customs clearance No. 53 of 2013 issued by the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers.

    (D) contractual service counted for the purposes of the service contract and the bonus and promotion for each tenured after 9/4/2003 in all state departments, which worked out before proofed, that does not entail any financial consequences retroactively.

    E re dismissed against the backdrop of security incidents majoring 5000 degrees and careers of scores of existing originally allocated to the Ministry of the Interior.

    F proves contractors with the Independent High Electoral Commission in the registration centers exclusively who have contractual service until 1/3/2010 more than six months that the 1,200 contractor does not exceed the requirement not to have had to owners of one of the state departments disconnected or decision of the Commission investigative, from within the allocations included in the compensation of employees in the door of his agenda and transfers the remaining amount of 68.381 billion dinars for the project barometric, to prove to the rest of them when contractors provide financial abundance.

    (F) the introduction of grades and the addition of the financial allocations when approving the National Guard law and be the nucleus of the popular crowd formed, an exception to Article 23 / II of the Act.

    Third: - ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry is committed to announcing the grades developed within the angel of the year / 2015 in the local newspaper with a commitment to proportions of the population in each province, taking into account to determine the percentage (10%) of the grades developed for the year / 2015 for the purpose of the appointment of the families of martyrs, prisoners and covered by the law political prisoners and their families Foundation average / 35 for the year / 2013 with terrorism, including at least 5% of the

    Grades developed for the purpose of appointment of university graduates (PhD and Master's)

    Fourth: -

    A prevents the appointment of employees in government departments all manner contract with the possibility of renewal of the previous decades in the case of a need to renew these contracts.

    (B) The provisions of paragraph (a) above contract with workers in new investment projects and water plants, sewage and electricity, as instructed by the implementation of the federal budget for the year / 2015 in addition to contracting with experts and owners of competencies in the case of hiring retired conduct monthly grant for their services does not exceed one million dinars In addition to the pension ..

    Article -14-

    First: the ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry prior coordination with the provinces when selecting projects and issued each ministry or institution not linked to the Ministry of distribution projects plan and learn provinces by and abide by the proportions of population prescribed for each province to ensure the equitable distribution except for strategic projects that benefit the most from the province and lack of overlap between the Projects included in the regional development plan and authorize powers of the minister to the governor on the announcement and assignment and execution of projects ministerial (Health, Municipalities and Public Works, Trade, Construction and Housing, Agriculture, Labor and Social Affairs, Culture, Youth and Sports) without the sum of (10) billion dinars (ten billion dinars ) after the redeployment of funds from the ministry account to maintain account with the exception of the proposed projects for the year / 2015 for the modernization of the basic and detailed designs for the city centers and studies of structural provinces and the study of the development of the desolated areas and preservation of historical and regions areas with nature heritage and natural reserves and that are issued by the Ministries of Planning and Finance Alathaditan schedule projects concerned each province and authorizes the Minister of Finance and Planning Alathadian to issue necessary instructions to facilitate the implementation of it.

    Second, to maintain the mandate of any ministry of the federal ministries and as competent to carry out projects in that province to calculate allocations (reconstruction and development of the regions and provinces) allocated to them.

    Article - 15

    Federal Minister of Finance validity Add allocations for the purpose of extinguishing the predecessor installed from 1/1/2008 until 31/12/2012 and spent as a result of the laws of the window and after that are audited by the Federal Office of Financial Supervision and the Federal Cabinet approval on them.

    Article - 16

    The expansion of the open door of private investment and participation with the private sector by the ministries and departments not related to the Ministry and the provincial limits of competence and form for this purpose a higher committee that the Council of Ministers issued its own exceptions to the relevant laws instructions.

    Article - 17

    Federal Minister of Finance to increase appropriations and certified to cover the work of the National Center for Laboratories Construction and the National Center for Engineering Consultancy of the Ministry of Construction and Housing up to 50% of the revenue derived from the implementation of those actions exception of section one of the Financial Administration Act No. 95 of 2004 and that the cost behavior the amounts for the development centers and support technical and administrative Quadrhma.

    Article - 18 -

    First, be borrowing from the Agricultural Bank and Bank of industrial real estate and bank interest rate of 2%.

    Second: bind all of the Agricultural Bank and Real Estate Bank and the Industrial Bank and the Housing Fund distribution of loans to be granted to citizens by the population of each province according to the standards of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq.

    Third: The Ministry of Finance the amount of interest rate amounting to 4% (four percent) of the total loans granted to the project Basmajh residential.

    Article - 19 -

    Extinguish the Court due to the Government owed by taxpayers to pay the tax due to the continuation of the official authorities to apply Article 20 of the Budget Law for the year 2008 for the period from 1/1/2009 until 31/12/2011, according to the provisions of paragraph (11) of Section IV of the Financial Administration Act No. (95) for the year 2004 average.

    Article - 20-

    A indeterminacy in any leadership positions (Director and above) unless there is a law degree at the ministry or the organizational structure of the law, according to the ministry or organization is not related to the Ministry.

    (B) cancel all leadership positions in which the legal text did not respond.

    Article - 21

    First of all-

    Shall be exempt from all duties of goods imported goods by government departments in its name and use.

    Secondly -

    The exemption covers the above goods and imported goods for government departments and the public sector from governments or donor institutions.

    Article -22-

    Dues are calculated foreign companies operating in the Kurdistan region for the purpose of extracting oil from within the region's share of $ (17%) and continue to work to do so.

    Article -23-

    First: All Communications and Media Authority for 2013 and 2014 revenues turned into the public treasury of the federal state, after deducting the amount of the expense of its own budget and approved by the trustees of the Federal Council and the Ministry of Finance.

    Second, the Communications and Media Authority compel mobile phone companies pay what it amounts and fines and financial obligations during the first half of 2015.

    Article -24-

    Does not work any decision contrary to this law nor the public treasury of the Federal bear any additional financial burdens outside the law.

    Article - 25 -

    FAFSA each of the subsidiaries for each of the Rafidain and Rasheed Bank and the Islamic Bank Alhakhma Mesopotamia Islamic window link and that the capital is moved from window to window and Mugodathma banks mentioned above to the Islamic Bank of Mesopotamia.

    Article - 26

    Cabinet authorizes the development of infrastructure projects determined on according to need ministries and provinces have no more than five (5) billion dollars and implemented on the basis of payment term and that deserves after a period of not less than (3 installment) years from the date of completion, taking into account the share the Kurdistan region of $ (17%) of the amount above.

    Article - 27 -

    The Council of Ministers set up the Supreme Council for Reconstruction and that is regulated by law within three months.

    Article -28-

    Establishes fund the reconstruction of areas devastated by terrorism and is funded by grants and international aid devoted his first sum of $ 500 billion dinars runway within a table (f) attached to this law.

    Article - 29 -

    The Federal Minister of Finance to issue stamp on behalf of displaced persons and support the reconstruction of areas devastated by terrorism and identifies exaggeration in accordance with instructions issued by the Department of Accounting Auditors collected from government departments and allocate revenue to support displaced people and fund the reconstruction of areas devastated by terrorism.

    Article - 30 -

    Committed to the ministries of electricity, telecommunications, Municipalities and Public Works of the Federal, and the Municipality of Baghdad to activate the collection of wage electricity, telephone, water, sewer and all other fees provided for under its own laws for the services provided to citizens and businesses and factories and government agencies and the public sector and the other for the purpose of increasing their own resources so as to reduce dependence on the state budget Federal.

    Article -31-

    When you transfer an employee of the Department of State services centrally funded or self to the private sector bears the ministry or organization is not related to the Ministry half his salary received by the transferee, including the department for two years from the date of transfer to the cut of his relationship with his constituency final.

    Article -32-

    Authorizes the Minister of Finance the power to enter into contracts on behalf of the Republic of Iraq to issue guarantees an interview to export and import bank in the United States for guarantees issued by financial institutions for the financial obligations, whether directly or indirectly, to finance the contract Iraqi Airways through its purchase of a number of aircraft New Civil Boink of the company and the limits of Akiem these aircraft to the dollar during the financial year / 2015.

    Article -33-

    A - the imposition of sales tax on Kartat mobilization of mobile phone networks and the Internet (20%) of the card value (15%) on the purchase of cars of all kinds and tickets and 300% on cigarettes and alcoholic beverages and the Ministry of Finance to issue the necessary instructions for the application of the provisions of this paragraph in the pan Iraq.

    (B) activating the customs tariff No. 22 of 2010 amended the law and the law of Consumer Protection No. 1 for the year 2010 and the Law on the Protection of Iraqi products No. 11 for the year 2010.

    Article - 34

    Minister of oil demand from the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance to issue remittances treasury or treasury bonds when needed to cover benefits the oil companies operating in the country that the total does not exceed the 12 billion dollars (twelve billion) by issuing one or multiple versions during the year / 2015.

    Article - 35

    The Ministry of Water Resources sale results Cree rivers and under its proceeds to the state treasury.

    Article 36

    Federal ministries and provinces committed and non-related to the Ministry of buying needs of federal ministries products that not less than the value added of these collected and processed products (25%) of the cost of import value added to them and to the local product prices are not higher than the imported counterparts by more than ( 10%), taking into account the quality and quality specifications.

    Article - 37

    For the purpose of the contribution of state employees and the public sector in the face of economic challenges and to support our security forces in securing the war requirements against terrorism is the adoption of national savings to the staff of the state system and the public sector issued by the Federal Council of Ministers and is committed to the Ministry of Finance to restore the amounts that have been saved from staff if achieved savings of Finance.

    Article - 39

    Each of the Rasheed Bank and the Rafidain Bank A - continue lending to public companies, agencies and departments self-funded, which suffers a shortage of its own resources for the purpose of salaries and allowances of its members insurance and after the bodies above provide the economic feasibility of the two when borrowing request and that the two banks to schedule repayment of loans granted to the points above and for the same purpose and granted to the two above since / 2010 and the end of the year / 2015, which has not been paid so far, according to a timetable as of the date 01.01.2016 up with scheduling the payment of treasury transfers, which were awarded in 2012 and 2013 and 2014 to all of the real property Claims Commission and the Bretton prisoners and martyrs.

    Article -39-

    Authorizes the Council of Ministers established the Foundation guarantee deposits of citizens in government and private banks to be regulated by law.

    Article - 40-

    The Minister of Finance Compensation entitlements exchange one batch of dedicated public budget for 2015 amount resolutions approved and gained class peremptory according to compensate the property affected by the previous regime Law No. (16) for the year 2010 and to all the provinces, including Kurdistan that the Ministry of Finance does not exceed the disbursement period stipulated in the law and that the exchange is in accordance with the priorities of temporal sequences of the date of approval.

    Article -41-

    Calculated body the popular crowd allocations to ensure the involvement of 0.5% of the population of each province and Iraqi administrative unit level spend hand, including (the districts of Baghdad belt, North Babylon, Anbar, Salah al-Din, Diyala, Nineveh, Kirkuk (Hawija and Bashir and areas controlled by by terrorism) except Kurdistan region, taking into consideration the numbers located currently enrolled after 10- 6- 2014 to be among share their provinces, taking into account the balance of all the provinces and the work of the popular crowd in coordination with the security and military forces and the Peshmerga forces in the disputed areas, the The transmission of the popular crowd allocations to the National Guard system if the adoption law (to ensure the participation of all provinces and territories in the case of approval) and should not have any numbers to change the popular crowd only after the approval of the National Guard Law.

    Article -42-

    The Ministry of Planning to provide the House of Representatives monthly disclose all contracts exceeding Akiemha ten billion dinars.

    Article -43-

    Re-work the granting of the brand to the Iraqi Federation of Industries.

    Article -44-

    The Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank has developed to support the government and private banks to improve their performance and enhance their liquidity plans.

    Article - 45

    Not the Council of Ministers may issue any decisions include the grant in any ministry or entity is linked to the Ministry without the presence of the allocations in the budget approved during the fiscal year to conduct settled in the subsequent year's budget.

    Article - 46 -

    Exception establishment of Islamic banks from the Iraqi Central Bank's instructions up capital of banks to promote Islamic banking services deal does not apply retroactively.

    Article -47 -

    Give priority to the national maritime carrier to transport imported goods to calculate the ministries and public sector of Iraq.

    Article -48 -

    Reduce customized cars for the three presidencies, ministries and institutions and amounts related to the Ministry in the Iraqi state with lower maintenance and fuel expenses allocated to the car and determine prepared as follows:

    First of all:

    1. The President and the Prime Minister and President of the House of Representatives for each one of them five cars.

    2. Vice-President and Vice-Prime Minister and Vice President of the House of Representatives for each one of them four cars.

    3. Ministers and rank shall be fixed - each one of them three cars.

    4. Agents and rank shall be fixed for each one of them in two cars.

    5. General Managers and rank shall be fixed for each one of them one car.

    Third: Do not promote any pension treatment until after discharge from state property movable and immovable property and retroactively from the date of 9/4/2003 and the Council of Ministers to instruct the body to stop the national retirement pension for retired persons named first item of the article (above) is not called pension until after the delivery of the discharged state property.

    Article - 49-

    The Federal Council of Ministers to take the following actions and measures:

    Transfers of staff between ministries and public sector companies to address the surplus and deficit angel among those institutions.

    The assignment of redundant employees in all public sector companies to retire the exception of the age requirement contained in the consolidated pension law in force including members of municipal councils (incisors and neighborhoods), who were the owners or employees of companies.

    Transfers amounts between the public sector companies operating within the same ministry exception of the Companies Act No. 22 of 1997.

    Prevent the purchase of cars, furniture except novel circles.

    Pressure Alaivadat Foreign Posts 50% and accounted for and that too as significant benefit to the country and the minimum number of participating delegations.

    Reduce military cadres, cultural, health and commercial attaché or any other attache offices and integrated into the embassy, ​​and operates under the supervision of Ambassador and in coordination with the ministries.

    Reduction following appropriations and 75% (hospitality, additional works, allocations night, conferences, seminars and celebrations, and the mobilization of cards allocated for staff and officials' wages and mobile phone calls, and transportation expenses, bonuses, and other expenses.)

    Article -50 -

    Central Bank is committed to identifying sales of foreign currency (dollar) in daily auction ceiling not to exceed $ 75 million a day with the exercise of justice in the sales process.

    And calls for the participant bank in the auction provide goods enter documents and statements of tax settling accounts and savings Alkmarki within 30 days from the date of purchase of the amount and otherwise apply to the bank penalties stipulated in the Central Bank Act or regulations issued it and use other banking tools to maintain the strength of the dinar against the dollar.

    Material: - 51 -

    Kurdistan region is committed to allocating the budget to the province of Halabja share of the Kurdistan region according to population ratio.

    Article: - 52.

    Priority spending areas of the province to be most affected by the production of oil and filter and environmental protection projects and construction and is committed to the region to allocate funds for the petro-producing regions of oil and gas in the provinces of the region's share of the province.

    Article: - 53.

    Transfers of rural women allocations from the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers to the budget of the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, the Social Welfare Department allocations for women with Alhvat the programs and objectives.

    Article: - 54.

    Spending units to open a checking account (Deposit) deposited by voluntary contributions from governmental and non-governmental organizations and individuals and departments are transferred to the account of the crowd in the popular open the bank for this purpose in the form of the crowd to open that account.

    Article: -55-

    Local governments in the provinces (Anbar, Salahuddin, Nineveh) to take advantage of the existing data in the Supreme Committee for the displaced exchange amounts to maintain all of the development of the regions and provinces and petrodollars in relief to the displaced and trapped program within the province allocations exception of financial management and public debt, No. 95 of 2004 and be under the direct supervision by the Provincial Council and the follow-up to the House of Representatives of the members of that province.

    Article - 56.

    Ministry of Trade exchange ration card items on the form of cash to the beneficiaries of the displaced people in hot areas.

    Article - 57 -

    The Ministry of Finance and ministries all wages and employee benefits in the provinces in hot areas.

    Article -58 -

    The Federal Minister of Finance in coordination with the Federal Minister of Planning to prepare the necessary instructions to facilitate the implementation of the provisions of this law,
    if passed.

    Article - 59 -

    This law shall be published in the Official Gazette and implemented with effect from 1 / January / 2015.



    Parliamentary Finance denies the exception of the budget publication in the Official Gazette Law

    Date: 02/15/2015 16:26

    Finance Committee, Sunday denied, the exception of the financial budget for the current year of its publication in the official newspaper the facts in order to gain legal status in the application on the ground and work with it.

    He said the Commission's decision Ahmed meat Rashid told / information /, that "all Laws to be published in the Official Gazette (facts) to gain legal status and the law to work out the application on the ground," adding that "the current year's budget is excluded from this measure." .

    He added that "after the vote by the Parliament reached budget to the presidency of the ratification and will be published in the Official Gazette then go to copy them to the Ministry of Finance to work out."

    He pointed out, "it was the exchange during the first month (January) of the current year, 1/12 law, but the month (February) will exchange according to the terms of any budget, after ratification of the presidency Aljmoria the law."

    It is said that the media had published statements by officials that the current year budget is excluded from the deployment of law in the Official Gazette of the gain to the time factor.


    WHAT !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ??????????????????????????


    Parliamentary Economy: approve a supplemental budget if oil continues to climb

    Forecast for economic and investment commission in Parliament on Saturday, asylum Parliament during the current year to approve a supplemental budget after bridge the budget deficit as a result of oil prices move upward.

    , said committee member and fulfillment in a fight, told / information / "The oil seen recent days, a slight rise and reached nearly US $ Stone. "
    She added that "there are expectations to rise during the current oil two months and up to $ 65 price of a barrel of oil and it is hoped that up to a barrier of $ seventy." showed that in the event of financial abundance may resort Parliament to approve a supplementary budget for 2015 after a deficit in the current budget plugging in the outskirts of the end of the current year.



    Parliamentary Finance: next week will see the release of the federal budget for all ministries

    If done and they stick to that they're supposed to do then 24-48 hours after officially posted then they have to fund the budget which means it should be at the new rate

    Sent from Yahoo Mail on Android
    Date:Thu, Feb 19, 2015 at 1:24 PM
    Subject:Looks like Sunday they will officially publish the Budget in the Gazette.

    19/02/2015 17:00

    Sunday .. publication of the budget in the facts of Iraq Law

    BAGHDAD / Obelisk: Iraqi facts circle, on Thursday, confirmed on Sunday that the next date of publication of the Federal Budget Law for 2015 in the Journal of the facts, noting that the work is underway so far on the formulation and audited in preparation for deployment.
    The general director of the Iraqi facts circle Hussein punitive, in a statement seen by "obelisk", "The number of Sunday from the Iraqi Gazette, will include the publication of the general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq for the financial year / 2015, all the details of the law," he "provides the latest issue of the newspaper The facts of Iraq, in the approved distribution centers, and a library of justice in the ministry's headquarters. "
    He punitive "The federal budget law requires several days to be drafted and printed in minutes being includes full details of a large number of tables and figures," pointing out that "the Ministry of Finance will sign what has been drafted in the budget before it was published."
    The President of the Republic Fuad Masum, has ratified the morning of Tuesday, the federal budget for the current year 2015.
    It was the voice of the House of Representatives, in January 29 on the draft federal budget for the current year worth in excess of Al119 trillion dinars and a deficit of about 25 trillion.


    Parliamentary Finance: next week will see the release of the federal budget for all ministries

    Haider Mutlaq al-Kaabi

    19/02/2015 11:14

    Tomorrow Press / Baghdad: detection of the Finance Committee in the House of Representatives member Haider Mutlaq, on Thursday, that the launch of the federal budget for 2015 by the Ministry of Finance to all ministries will be early next week, pointing out that the financial crisis will be overcome in the event of rising global oil prices.

    He said Mutlaq for "tomorrow Press," that "there is a deficit happened in the month of January last for oil sales, which did not provide all employees state salaries," adding that "this month and after the rise in world oil prices provided Iraqi oil exports, all employees of the Iraqi state salaries and ruled the winning difference between salaries and sales. "

    And that "the Iraqi government requires them to sell $ 119 million worth of crude oil per day to clog the employees' salaries," expected "overcome this crisis with cash that the Iraqi government is facing in the coming months."

    Mutlaq said that "the launch of the federal budget for 2015 by the Ministry of Finance to all ministries will be early next week to enable them to exchange."



    Financial Aajl..mash: salaries of self-financing companies exchange next week

    Thu, February 19, 2015 13:47


    The Ministry of Finance announced the start regardless staff self-financing companies in salaries next week.

    According to a ministry statement received by all of Iraq [where] a copy of it, "the implementation of the decision of the Council of Ministers in its last [first Tuesday], and the application of the law of the budget for 2015, regardless staff self-financing companies salaries, the Ministry of Finance has taken all necessary steps to pay those salaries measures start of next week ".

    The Cabinet decided at its first launch on Tuesday and recommendation to the Ministry of Finance to implement it and Establish a special committee to resolve the problems of self-financing companies in earnest and to ensure the rights of the employees of this Acharkat.anthy salaries of self-financing companies


    Iraqi facts: Sunday publication date 2015 budget law

    BAGHDAD / .. Iraqi facts circle, on Thursday, confirmed on Sunday that the next date of publication of the Federal Budget Law for 2015 in the Journal of the facts, noting that the work is underway so far on the formulation and audited in preparation for deployment.

    The general director of the Iraqi facts circle Hussein punitive, told the "eye Iraq News," the number on Sunday from the Iraqi Gazette, will include the publication of the general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq for the financial year / 2015, all the details of the law, stressing the availability of number last of the Iraqi Gazette , in the approved distribution centers, and a library of justice in the ministry's headquarters.

    He added that the punitive federal budget law requires several days to be drafted and printed in minutes being includes full details of a large number of tables and figures, pointing out that the Ministry of Finance will sign what has been drafted in the budget before it was published.

    It is worth mentioning that the President Fuad Masum, has ratified the morning of Tuesday, the federal budget for the current year 2015.

    It was the voice of the House of Representatives, in January 29 on the draft federal budget for the current year worth in excess of Al119 trillion dinars and a deficit of about 25 [ Trillion ]

    Last edited by chattels; 02-22-2015 at 08:43 PM.

  8. #8

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015


    Iraqi-Kurdish oil deal is slipping away
    Collapse of revenue-sharing deal with Baghdad could have dire financial consequences for Kurdish Regional Government.

    Mohammed A Salih | 19 Feb 2015 12:09 GMT | War & Conflict, Politics, Middle East, Iraq

    Erbil - A deal on oil exports and revenue sharing between Iraq's government and the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) appears to be in tatters as both sides signal their reluctance to uphold it prompting the Kurdistan government to seek alternative ways of monetising its oil.

    At the currently lower oil prices, any severing of the deal can, at least in the short run, affect both sides' war efforts against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and further fragment Iraq, analysts say.

    The deal, signed last December, essentially amounted to a cash for oil exchange: The Kurds committed to handing over 550,000 barrels of oil per day from areas under their control to Iraq's national oil marketing entity known as SOMO.

    In return, the federal government in Baghdad agreed to pay Kurds 17 percent of Iraq's national budget. That meant, after deducting certain expenses for common national purposes, the KRG would get around $1bn per month from Iraq's budget, estimated at about $105bn.

    In late January, the deal was incorporated into Iraq's national budget law for 2015.

    On Monday, KRG's Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani threatened to withheld oil exports without getting KRG's share. "If they don't send the budget, we won't send oil," Barzani said.

    But according to several sources speaking to Al Jazeera, the KRG has not been able to fulfil the target level of 550,000 barrels per day. Although Kurdish officials say this was due to technical difficulties, critics argue otherwise.

    "There is enough production capacity within Kurdistan whether from the originally KRG-controlled fields as well as the Kirkuk fields," said Luay al-Khateeb, the executive director of the London-based Iraq Energy Institute who has also advised the Iraqi parliament on energy policy.

    "But Kurdish authorities are very interested to keep enough margin of production for export to pay the IOCs [international oil companies] investing in the north [in Kurdistan] as well as allocating enough production to meet local consumption and this has reduced the share agreed with Baghdad."

    The Kurdish government has grappled with a deep financial crisis since the beginning of 2014 when the then Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki cut its share of the national budget.

    To provide the salaries of employees in its vast civil service, the KRG increased independent oil sales that it had already started through Turkey. It also borrowed around $3bn from international firms operating in Kurdistan particularly those in the energy sector, said Dilshad Shaban, a member of the energy committee at Iraqi Kurdistan's parliament.

    Of the nearly 500,000 barrels its produces per day, the KRG has withheld at least an average of 150,000 barrels per day from SOMO in a bid to pay those international firms, multiple Kurdish sources said. Around 150,000 additional barrels are used for domestic consumption.

    Kurdish officials also said that since the beginning of February, the KRG has only pumped around 150,000 barrels per day from Kirkuk fields which has been under Kurdish control since ISIL's emergence last June.

    The budget law mandates that the KRG provide 250,000 barrels of oil on a daily basis from the three provinces under its jurisdiction, and 300,000 barrels from oil fields in Kirkuk province that is now under the Kurds' de-facto control.

    But it does not clearly address the issue of a time frame for calculation purposes.

    Barzani recently said due to fluctuations in output caused by technical difficulties, the Iraqi government should not measure his government's commitment to the deal by calculating the amount of oil the KRG provides on a daily basis.

    The Iraqi government, Barzani suggested, should rather take an average of KRG's oil deliveries within a three-month period and expressed optimism the Kurds can meet the target that way.

    On Thursday, Barzani met with Turkish president and prime minister in Ankara to discuss energy matters. The Kurdish prime minister's visit to Ankara and his previous statements that the central government in Baghdad is "bankrupt" are seen as signs that KRG might resume its independent oil sales through a pipeline it has built with the help of Turkey in recent years.

    "The prime minister's visit to Turkey is aimed at talks about independent oil sales so that the Kurdistan Region can overcome the financial crisis," said MP Shaban, who is also a member of Barzani's Kurdistan Democratic Party. "If Baghdad does not commit to the agreement, then KRG will opt for independent oil sales."

    It is not clear yet if the KRG would go as far as including Kirkuk's oil in its exports in the event that the deal with Baghdad collapses and the Kurds embark on extensive independent oil sales.

    Many expect the Kurdish government will have a hard time in the coming months to make ends meet as its coffers are almost empty.

    The government has often come under criticism for not carrying out reforms to diversify and better regulate its economy and the current situation might further compound the situation.

    The KRG is already behind schedule in paying its civil servants and while March is approaching, it has not yet fully paid its employees for December.

    "It's a triple whammy crisis [for KRG]," said Shwan Zulal, managing director of Kurdistan focused consultancy Carduchi firm. "You have Baghdad not paying you, oil prices crashing and you have a war with ISIL. It's difficult even if it had a plan, or if it had contingency funds, or had economic robustness, [then] the KRG would have probably withstood it much better."

    Some analysts and officials who spoke to Al Jazeera suggested that one reason why Baghdad has not been willing to fulfil its side of the agreement might be that Kurdish contribution to the Iraqi budget is significantly below what it is entitled to receive.

    While Kurdish officials admit that "KRG is committed to the agreement with Baghdad and wants it to work", some, however, accuse Baghdad of double standards in distributing the national budget.

    The Baghdad government, say Kurdish officials, has withheld KRG's funds for most of the past year, but it has paid civil servants in the rest of the country.

    "Why does Baghdad pay other provinces even those under ISIL's control but it refuses to pay KRG's budget?" asked Shaban, the Kurdish MP.

    But even as the distrust between Baghdad and the KRG has deepened, some believe the deal is not beyond redemption yet.

    Both sides say they need to cooperate in the fight against ISIL and oil should not hamper that.

    Aziz Alwan, a member of the Iraqi parliament, believes the federal government should accept the idea to calculate the KRG oil output in three-month blocks and not on a daily basis.

    "There is a weakness in commitment to the deal but not a total collapse yet," said Alwan, also a member of the Iraqi National Alliance of which Iraqi Prime Minister Haidar al-Abbadi is a member as well. "There is still some good will left and attempts will be made to resolve the matter."




    UN and US to Act as Mediators in Baghdad – Erbil Negotiations

    KRG agree to participate in new Iraqi cabinet if the UN and US mediate

    Basnews | Shwan Barzinji
    19.02.2015 17:41

    Iraqi PM Abadi with KRG Prime Minister Barzani

    The United Nations (UN) and United States (US) are expected to mediate negotiations between the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) and the Iraqi federal government.

    Kurdish MP in Baghdad Ahmed Haji Rashid told BasNews that after delegations from Erbil and Baghdad recently failed to reach an agreement, negotiations will restart.

    “Another attempt at negotiation is expected to take place between the KRG and Iraqi federal government with third party mediators,” said Rashid.

    During the formation of the new Iraqi cabinet, the KRG agreed to take part at the last moment providing the UN and US act as mediators. They will once more sit down with the two governments.

    KRG delegates led by Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani visited Baghdad on February 15th, but returned without reaching agreements on oil exports, the Kurdistan Region budget or KRG employees’ salaries.



    Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani: ‘The KRG is committed to this agreement with Baghdad and we want it to work.'

    Kurdistan Region Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani, who recently returned from Dubai where he attended a Government Summit, spoke in a wide ranging interview with Rudaw about the visit, an agreement with Baghdad on oil and budget cooperation, the war with ISIS and Erbil’s support for the Kurdish struggle in Syia. Here is the full transcript of his comments:

    Rudaw: You were recently in Dubai to attend the Government Summit that discussed the United Arab Emirates’ vision for the next 50 years. What can the Kurds learn from such a summit?

    Nechirvan Barzani: We attended the summit at the invitation of the ruler of Dubai, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. Undoubtedly, for us in the Kurdistan Region it was an opportunity to learn from the experience of these countries. They have had more or less similar experiences to ours in the past and they have progressed in many aspects. Members of my cabinet and I attended the different panels of the summit and I am hoping that we could emulate the positive aspects of their progress in Kurdistan. On the sidelines of the summit we had formal political meetings with UAE officials, including President Sheikh Zayed, Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum and the foreign minister, with whom we discussed the current situation of Iraq and the Kurdistan Region. We have old and solid relations between the Kurdistan Region and UAE. We have sizeable trade ties and the UAE is investing in Kurdistan. Trade between Kurdistan and UAE were part of our discussions with them.

    Rudaw: What new things did you hear from the UAE officials, especially after their government spokesman said that the Kurdistan Region is of importance to the UAE?

    I felt that the UAE is willing to assist the Kurdistan Region in every aspect and they are greatly invested in the Kurdistan Region.

    Nechirvan Barzani: There is genuine will in the UAE to assist us, some directly and some through Baghdad. I felt that the UAE is willing to assist the Kurdistan Region in every aspect and they are greatly invested in the Kurdistan Region.

    Rudaw: At the summit, UAE officials spoke of plans for the next 50 years and said that within a few years they would want only 6 percent of their economy reliant on oil. Is there something the Kurdistan Region can learn from this vision?

    Nechirvan Barzani: The Kurdistan Region does not have a history of industry and we started such a vision only very recently. And indeed, relying fully on oil is a dangerous thing. It is important to use the oil to build other economic infrastructure, because with the small budget that comes from Baghdad or elsewhere you cannot expect to solve all the problems of a destroyed country. Therefore, it is essential to use oil revenues to build a kind of economy that will not rely on oil. The UAE, which launched this kind of policy, also used to fully rely on oil. But now, for them it is only 30-40 percent on oil and the rest counts on trade, services, tourism. This could be a model which we can use too in the future. But we are only in the beginning and we have just started building our oil industry and infrastructure.

    Rudaw: Why do Arab and Gulf countries attach such importance to the Kurdistan Region?

    Nechirvan Barzani: They would like to treat all of Iraq the same way, but in the meantime they are aware that in the past years Kurdistan has been a factor of stability in the region. They very well understand that since 2003 the Kurdistan Region has tried rationally and calmly to create stability in Iraq and the region and it is on this basis that they want to maintain good relations with Kurdistan. It is in the meantime in the Kurdistan Region’s interest to have good relations with these countries.

    Rudaw: Why does the Kurdistan Region not have official representation in the UAE?

    Nechirvan Barzani: We have certainly been negligent as the Kurdistan Regional Government in that regard, and most of the KRG affairs in the UAE are conducted through the private sector. But we will take this issue into account and we will appoint a trade attaché in the UAE.

    Rudaw: For its budget the Kurdistan Region relies on oil and the share that comes from Baghdad, and there seems to be some hurdles in the Erbil-Baghdad agreement. What exactly are the issues and why is the money not coming from Baghdad?

    Nechirvan Barzani: I believe that there are no serious issues between us and Baghdad, and that Baghdad is only trying to create problems. Let me tell you this: we went to Baghdad, signed an agreement with them and after our return we continued to give them 150,00 barrels of oil per day and until the end of 2014 we remained committed to that agreement. In the beginning of 2015 our agreement with Baghdad was that we would receive 300,000 barrels of oil from them and plus 250,000 barrels of Kurdish oil, to export 550,000 barrels that we would transport hand over at the Ceyhan port, and thus contribute to Iraq’s budget. But in the first two weeks they began to say that we had not done our part of the agreement. We tell them that they cannot do the counting on a daily basis and that they should look at the total to see if we have remained loyal to the commitment or not. We may export 100,000 barrels one day and 250,000 another day. It is only a technical issue and nothing political. But unfortunately they do not take this into account and keep saying that the Kurdistan Region does not play its part in Iraq’s budget. But I told them frankly in Baghdad that we can only do what we have agreed on. At the end of 2014 we borrowed a lot of money from private companies in order to pay the salaries of our civil servants and we are now obliged to pay back that loan. We have no other choice.

    They very well understand that since 2003 the Kurdistan Region has tried rationally and calmly to create stability in Iraq and the region and it is on this basis that they want to maintain good relations with Kurdistan.

    Rudaw: But the KRG is able to export 400,000 barrels of oil per day.

    Nechirvan Barzani: Yes, it is.

    Rudaw: Then why not give Baghdad its share of 250,000 and end their complaints?

    Nechirvan Barzani: When Adel Abdul-Mehdi (Iraq’s oil minister) came to Erbil we gave them an annual export schedule and it showed by the end of the year that we were committed to the agreement of 550,000 barrels per day. But the truth is that Iraq has no money these days. Iraq lives in severe financial crisis.

    Rudaw: What has happened to Iraq’s money?

    Nechirvan Barzani: Nobody knows where it has gone. They themselves should know where it has gone. By the end of 2013 Iraq had around $18 billion in the Development Finance Institution (DFI), but now it doesn’t even have $1 billion, and the fall in oil prices has worsened the crisis. I suggested to Baghdad that if they have trust issues with the KRG, then we should do our accounting every three months and see if we are committed or not. But from the first day and first week they began to say that we hadn’t done this or that and therefore they will not send our budget. I sincerely believe that economically this makes no sense at all.

    Rudaw: Did you send this suggestion to Baghdad?

    Nechirvan Barzani: Yes, we did through Dr. Roj Shawais.

    Rudaw: What was Baghdad’s response?

    Nechirvan Barzani: I will visit Baghdad myself. The KRG is committed to this agreement with Baghdad and we want it to work. This agreement is in the best interest of Baghdad and the Kurdistan Region and all of our efforts will be to ensure it is implemented. A major part of our talks with Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi will be on this very issue.

    Rudaw: It is said that all the visits to Baghdad show the KRG’s weak position, and that is why Abadi doesn’t bother to visit Erbil. Are you visiting Baghdad out of desperation?

    Nechirvan Barzani: It does not really matter who visits who. What is important is for things to get done. He is the prime minister of Iraq too. To me personally, it is not important who visits who.

    Rudaw: Is it important to you that Kurdistan’s budget should come on time?

    Nechirvan Barzani: Yes, it is important that all the issues are resolved, the budget gets here and we get out of the situation we are in. We are ready to visit Baghdad every single day.

    Rudaw: It is said that the KRG has borrowed $17 billion. Is that not a big risk to the Kurdistan Region?

    Nechirvan Barzani: No, it is not to that extent. Baghdad owes the KRG 16 trillion Iraqi Dinars that was supposed to have been paid by the end of 2014, which did not happen. So to pay our civil servants’ salaries we had to borrow money. How did we do this? We have given the companies guarantees that we will pay them back in oil and now we give the remainder of our oil to these companies in order to honor our agreement with them.

    Rudaw: Oil prices have slightly risen in recent days. Would this have any impact on the Erbil-Baghdad agreement?

    Nechirvan Barzani: Iraq’s budget relies 95 percent on oil and, therefore, without any doubt the rise or fall in oil prices would have a big effect, especially on Iraq. Iraq hasn’t been able to extricate itself from this reality and wouldn’t be able to do so in a year or two or even 10 years. It requires long-term planning and Iraq doesn’t have any such plans. This was neither done during the former regime, nor was there a chance after regime change for Iraq to draw some strategic plans. The change in oil prices would affect any country, including Russia and Iran. Those countries have learned to cope with and adapt to falling oil prices, but a country like Iraq benefits and loses a great deal from any change to oil prices.

    I suggested to Baghdad that if they have trust issues with the KRG, then we should do our accounting every three months and see if we are committed or not.

    Rudaw: Let’s switch to the topic of the Islamic State (ISIS). How dangerous is ISIS to the Kurdistan Region still?

    Nechirvan Barzani: At the start the ISIS war was a big shock to the Kurdistan Region. In the beginning all political parties in the Kurdistan Region agreed that we should not be embroiled in the ISIS war and that is the policy we pursued until the minute ISIS attacked the Kurdistan Region. But that policy is over and you see today that on all fronts the Peshmerga, police, security and volunteer forces are fully engaged in the war and they have the initiative. If it weren’t for their bravery and resistance the situation in the Kurdistan Region would have been different today. Their loyalty and bravery put a halt to ISIS, but ISIS is constantly looking to find any weak points whence it may attack the Peshmerga forces. What ISIS can do today is inflict harm. They can no longer attack and occupy a place. I believe that the only force that could stand up to ISIS on the ground and deal it a heavy blow was the Peshmerga. You have been to the frontlines yourself and seen how much the Peshmerga have achieved. These are vast territories -- Shingal, Makhmour, Gwer, Jalawla, Kirkuk.

    Rudaw: French President Francios Hollande received two female commanders of the Peoples Protection Units (YPG) in Paris. What is your position on a powerful country like France receiving a Kurdish force from Rojava?

    Nechirvan Barzani: We are very pleased when any Kurdish force is welcomed that way and we support the Kurdish struggle in Syria. Our only word to them is: be united and stay together and let others work with you. There is some misconception here, especially towards the Kurdistan Democratic Party, which I should like to clarify: it is said that the KDP is against those forces, but on the contrary, when Kobane was under attack we all worked together and the Kurdistan Region president did his best to convince the Americans and Turkey to allow our forces to go and help Kobane, which we did. Today, our policy and sentiment remains the same. Our position as the government, as KDP and all other Kurdish parties is absolute support for the struggle of the Kurdish forces in Rojava. We are pleased by and support any of their political moves and military success.

    Last edited by chattels; 02-22-2015 at 09:12 PM.

  9. #9

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015


    Video .. Maliki wanted to bribe the Chairman of the Iraqi-European relations in the European Parliamentary


    19.02.2015 13:56

    Straun Stevenson, chairman of the Iraqi-European relations in the mainland ...

    Straun Stevenson appeared chairman of the Iraqi-European relations in the European Parliament, he talks about Iranian influence in Iraq and says that "Iraq has become covered in blood because of the mullahs in Tehran," he said, adding you have "The fact announced that Nouri al-Maliki is a dictator who is corrupt," he said, adding that he was asking him in Brussels to keep silent out of fear for nuclear talks with Iran, and said to him "You destabilize Iraq and make the nuclear negotiations with Iran in the dead-end tunnel Iran and America, Britain and the fact that supports the appointment of Nouri al-Maliki again." He continues, "but I refused to be silent." He went on to say, "As you know Maliki has established a press conference to describe me false enemy, and then sent delegates to the office of the European Parliament and Silna what I needed for Scott, and I told him that the price of Scotty is your resignation and charged under the pretext of committing a crime against humanity. " interview Straun Stevenson text head of the Iraqi-European relations in the parliamentary European : I thank the President of the Conference and Mrs. Rajavi, who delivered a speech very inspiring According to noted by Mrs. Rajavi is the International Day of Human Rights, and in this day the United Nations launched the day the title of "Human Rights 365" since it mean that every day of the year is Human Rights Day , but, unfortunately, we know that there is no day in Iraq and Iran, which is Human Rights Day. While Iran Tdharjt blood, according to Mrs. Rajavi, as well as Iraq became covered in blood because of the mullahs in Tehran, 5 years ago When I was elected chairman of the Committee on Relations with Iraq to the European Parliament, stressed to me a number of ambassadors and authorities that he should be practical focus on improving relations between the European Parliament and Iraq. until the establishment of such relations, but after weeks only, said the fact that Nouri al-Maliki is a dictator, corrupt, and then told me members in Brussels, "it must be Silence is committed because the ship might sink, you destabilize Iraq and make the nuclear negotiations with Iran in a dead-end tunnel Iran and America, Britain and the fact that supports the appointment of Nouri al-Maliki again and through the electoral process rigged ", but I refused to be silent and day after day we turned, accompanied by a number of my colleagues who present in this hall to the sounds of spoken about the matter. As you know that al-Maliki has established a press conference to describe me false enemy, and then sent delegates to the office of the European Parliament and Silna what I needed for Scott, and I told him that the price of Scotty is your resignation and charged under the pretext of committing a crime against humanity, ( * BRIBERY BY MALIKI )As he said dear friend (Howard Dean), that the West is suffering from the naivete of opinion and this is exactly what happened here, five years ago, al-Maliki lost in the elections prosecutors two seats for "Ayad Allawi," but the Iranian regime emphasized the red lines with Iyad Allawi, who complain always of the Iranian regime's meddling in Iraq's affairs therefore can not allow him to become prime minister. In this area supported America, Britain and Europe, the demand of the Iranian regime, saying "We support the al-Maliki to form a coalition even taking hold," and this event was considered a mistake catastrophic for Iraq The region and the world, which led to the conduct blood Falls in the Iraqi streets and that we warn them and inciting sectarian war again and again, and this time, the new Iraqi prime minister, "Haider al-Abadi," is the one who speaks for the militias, amounting to more than a million a conference in sometimes funded by the regime's Quds Force of Iran, and inciting the militias sectarian war against the Sunni component in Iraq, but the world are asked, saying: Why not battling Sunni tribes in Anbar and Diyala provinces along the Iraqi army to fight and defeat al Daash ?? Because the Sunnis believe that the Shiite militias are worse than Daash, and we want to be serious about cleansing the world of Daash if we want to be serious about encouraging the Sunnis and the Iraqi tribes to join the Iraqi army and the Peshmerga forces Kurdish in order to expel Daash, you must cleanse Iraq of the Iranian regime's interventions, this is the solution actor and the only one to defeat al Daash, and we must say for "Haider al-Abadi," the generals who expelled al-Maliki back because of lack of support for the intervention of Iranian and must expel all of the Iranian regime for Iraq elements revealed MEK 30 thousand names people who were serving in the military institutions of intelligence to the Iraqi government and these individuals were being trained in Iran, and receive their salaries from the Iranian regime, yes MEK revealed their bank account numbers and huge amounts they receive, and this is the extent of the intervention of the Iranian regime in Iraq's internal affairs, they spread this cancerous gland in throughout the region, and unfortunately after 12 years of the detection process carried out by the People's Mojahedin of the Iranian regime is still looking for a nuclear weapon, but we have extended the deadline for them again to reach an agreement.


  10. #10

    Re: "The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 21 February 2015


    Douglas A. Ollivant

    February 18, 2015 · Commentary

    The Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) – known by most people in the Middle East as Daeshwill lose its battle to hold territory in Iraq. It may well take one to two years to reduce their defenses in cities like Mosul, Tikrit, and Fallujah, but the ultimate outcome is no longer in serious doubt. This does not mean there will not be sizeable battles — and perhaps ISIL tactical victories — in the coming months. This does not mean that ISIL will be eliminated as a cell-based terrorist group in Iraq. This does not mean that groups from Afghanistan to Libya may not decide to affiliate themselves with ISIL. And above all, it does not mean that there is a plan to eject ISIL from Syria. But the outcome in Iraq is now clear to most serious analysts.

    However, the occupation of about one-third of Iraq’s territory by ISIL has changed the fabric and politics of Iraqi society, perhaps forever. Politics will, as always, remain primary. All three major ethno-sectarian groups in Iraq have been shifted by the ISIL earthquake, but too few are thinking at this macro political level. Instead most analysts tend to focus on the latest micro-level event, but good analysis must look beyond day-to-day headlines and, indeed, beyond the horizon. Changes at Iraq’s macro-level, combined with older trends, provide reason for both pessimism and optimism for the future of Iraq.

    Iraq’s Sunni Arabs

    Any discussion of ISIL and its impact has to begin with Iraq’s Sunni Arabs, roughly one-sixth of the population. There is no sugarcoating their situation. The occupation of the Sunni regions of Iraq by ISIL is a cataclysm from which the Sunni will not recover for a generation or more.
    While many — probably most — of Iraq’s Sunni citizens are appalled by the ascendance of ISIL, the stubborn fact remains that a significant proportion of this population cooperated and collaborated, some to the point of being co-belligerents, with ISIL. It has become fashionable, even commonplace, to blame this sympathy for ISIL with the abuses of the Maliki government, but the root causes are far deeper. While the security forces of the last government did act harshly in Sunni areas, these actions were very much in line with the reaction of almost all non-Western governments (and some Western ones) to terrorism and insurgency. Of course, not all, nor even most, Sunni Iraqis were complicit in terrorism, but both Islamist terrorist networks and Ba’athist insurgents had considerable bases of support in places like Tikrit, Jurf al-Sukr, and Fallujah. As the scholar and analyst Fanar Haddad notes, this support for revolutionary movements was less about the rejection of the Maliki government and far more about rejection of the entire post-2003 political order, in which leaders are selected democratically, rather than chosen from among the Sunni elite. For many Sunni, the core grievance with the Baghdad government is that they are not the ones running it. This is a grievance that cannot be settled and ISIL’s leadership of this cause has been a debacle for the Sunni.

    To understand the scope of the disaster for Iraq’s Sunni, think through the best case scenario for this community in the near future. In the very best case, once Mosul, Anbar, and Tikrit are liberated from the control of ISIL, the Sunni can hope to gain some limited quasi-autonomy over a group of provinces (Anbar, Ninewah, Salah al-Din) in which the culture and heritage has been destroyed (temples demolished, books burned…) and the wealth carted away. The cities will have, by this point, been ransacked if not leveled. A significant minority, perhaps in the neighborhood of 20 to 40 percent, of the Sunni population are internal or external refugees today, a number we can expect to increase as the Iraqi Security Forces launch large-scale urban combat operations. The infrastructure in these areas will suffer from a mixture of sabotage, looting, and neglect. There are no real resources, or at least none developed, from which to they can directly draw wealth. A significant portion, probably most, of the disputed territories (it is overwhelmingly competition between Sunni Arabs and Kurds that makes the disputed territories, most notably Kirkuk, but also parts of Ninewah and Diyala provinces, “disputed”) will be under Kurdish Peshmerga occupation. And the Sunni population must respond to this situation with old leadership that has been largely discredited or new leadership that has yet to attain sufficient gravitas to be truly effective. Because of all this, in the very best case, Sunnis will be economically, geographically, and politically disempowered for a generation.

    Cooperation with ISIL, whether best characterized as active participation or reluctant passive support — has been catastrophic for Iraq’s Sunni. While some talk of enhanced power for Sunni groups, it is difficult to see how this could be implemented against the trend in which they are so weakened relative to Iraq’s other ethno-sectarian communities. It may well take decades to return Iraq’s Sunni to the wealth, power, and status they enjoyed last year. Further over-representation is often recommended by the West, but this ignores the disproportionate share of power that the Sunni already enjoy — a fact usually elided over by Western commentators but very much part of the Iraqi dialogue. In this past election, the roughly 19 to 20 percent vote share won by Sunni (and nationalist) affiliated parties has translated into 32 percent (8 of 25) of the Ministerial slots, including plum posts such as Defense, Agriculture, Education, Electricity, and Trade, plus speaker of the Parliament, a vice president, and a deputy prime minister. It is unclear what further steps could be taken at the federal level, and a further devolution of power remains problematic in a centralized petro-state.

    Iraq’s Kurds

    Speaking of devolved power, Iraq’s (mostly Sunni) Kurds — also about one-sixth of the Iraqi population — lived a “best of times; worst of times” in 2014. In the chaos following ISIL’s summer offensive into Mosul, the Kurds expanded their de facto control into Kirkuk, from which they have launched assaults into other ISIL-held areas on which they have territorial designs. A subtlety largely lost on the rest of the world is that the Kurds are now, de facto, establishing control in the rest of the disputed territories, often clearing Arab Sunni civilians along with ISIL, all with the help of the United States Air Force. The Kurds, who stood by and watched the ISIL invasion of Arab Iraq, now welcome international support in their own efforts against ISIL which — after some initial embarrassment over the ISIL push towards Irbil — have had impressive successes in Ninewah. Kurdish exuberance about the last year, though occasionally tempered by some harsh lessons about the real capability of the Peshmerga forces and their often-nepotistic leadership, is high.

    But the Kurds have also had at least four key setbacks in the past year, with — as in the rest of Iraq — the key political issues often masked by military noise.

    First, it appears clear that Erdogan’s Turkey has crushed any talk of formal independence, thus the scramble to repair arrangements with Baghdad. This de facto veto of an independence referendum for the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) has had two effects. The first and direct result has been to force the Kurdish leadership to rewire its relations with Baghdad with a longer term view. As a corollary of the first, the second effect is the revelation that as the Kurds gain independence from Baghdad, they slip into the orbit and influence of Turkey and the whims of Ankara. This is a hard lesson, patently unfair to the Kurdish people, but a stubborn fact of geography. Since an independent Kurdistan could export oil at scale only through Turkey, Turkey calls the shots. Kurdish oil (absent small-scale smuggling) moves through Turkish pipes, is stored in Turkish tanks, and must leave through Turkish ports, with all monies moving through Turkish banks.

    Second, Kurdistan has largely lost its brand. For a decade now, Kurdistan has enjoyed its reputation as “The Other Iraq,” a Monaco-like haven in the Middle East where one can do business, drill for oil, and even ski isolated from the chaos and violence of Iraq’s Arab provinces. But now, with ISIL still able to give at least the impression of threatening Irbil, with a self-admitted count of hundreds (meaning probably thousands) of Kurds in ISIL, and the absorption of the disputed territories promising a terrorism problem for decades to come, Kurdistan is looking like just plain Iraq. And the international companies that have fueled Kurdish growth are reacting, as are — doubtless — their insurance underwriters. In short, the frontier economic bubble around Irbil and the KRG appears to be rapidly shrinking, if not burst.

    Third, the illusion of democracy in Kurdistan is beginning to lose its charm. Hopes that the KRG would emerge from two-family tribalism have been crushed, at least for the present. The abuses of the Barzani family are well-documented, while the Taibanis seem to be less corrupt and abusive only because of their waning power. And while monetary corruption is rife throughout the entire Middle East, the oppression of journalists, jailing of opponents, and appointment of utterly unqualified family members to positions of real power — which are all evident in the KRG — are more reflective of the most authoritarian states in the region. The KRG’s refusal to adopt open list elections — unlike the other 15 provinces of Iraq — prevents any democratic accountability or openness in the major parties, making the very high bar of creating a new party (which a brave group of Kurds has, to their credit, accomplished )the only path to democratic reform.

    Finally, at least some Kurds seem to be realizing that a major policy of theirs, Kurdish monolingualism, or at least refusal to learn Arabic, is backfiring. For a generation, Kurds have promoted education in Kurdish. It has accomplished its goal of consolidating its regional identity, but at a huge economic cost. If Kurds now no longer speak Arabic, how do they integrate into a largely Arabic-speaking region? Successful small landlocked states are multilingual, able to communicate with all their larger neighbors (think Switzerland, or the Czech Republic). English is good, as a lingua franca, but not sufficient for the region. This leaves the Kurds with few economic options other than to drill for hydrocarbons, burrowing themselves further the political and economic embrace or either Ankara or Baghdad.

    In short, the Kurds find themselves stuck with Iraq, despite the leadership having whipped their population into an irrational (if historically understandable) frenzy about independence. And while in some ways their stock has risen with their opposition to ISIL, their army of lobbyists struggles to continue to hide the increasingly authoritarian nature of the regime, as well as the irregular nature of its oil economy and the increased risk of Islamic violence. The Kurds certainly have cards to play, but they will need to keep their eye more on current relationships with their fellow Iraqis (while attempting to find better leadership), and less on future independence, in order to best safeguard the interests of the Kurdish population.

    Iraq’s Shi’a Arabs

    Iraq’s roughly two-thirds majority Shi’a have been the least immediately impacted by the events of last summer, though the mass attacks by car bombs have continued their murderous tempo as in past years, but they have suffered. Those few that have fallen into ISIL’s hands have been immediately executed by the apocalyptic group — a fact that gives particular urgency to the Shi’a, even if they are largely protected by their geography. Last June’s execution of 1700 Shi’a military cadets by ISIL fighters — aided by, in some reports, local tribes with Ba’ath party ties — remains a very salient rallying cry in Iraqi politics , even if largely forgotten by the West. The impressive ISIL offensives of last June never truly threatened Shi’a core communities, so their losses are largely those of the “martyrs” of the security forces and militias (though these are sufficient to keep a steady drumbeat of burials in Najaf cemetery), as they push the fight north and west towards Mosul and Anbar. Nonetheless, being confronted by a force explicitly dedicated to sectarian genocide does focus the mind, and this attack against Iraqi Shi’a is seen as being in continuity with other such acts both in time (e.g., the Wahhabi sacking of the Iraqi holy city of Karbala in 1802) and space (e.g., the governmental oppression of Bahraini and Saudi Shi’a, and the murderous campaign against the Shi’a of Pakistan).

    There has been a great and frequent concern expressed over the role of the Shi’a militias (or volunteers), some of it justified, some of it overstated, reflecting entrenched Washington biases in the region. But we should remain relatively unconcerned about the militias in a military sense for at least three reasons. First, while there have been documented abuses by the militias, in a very cold sense, they appear to be relatively proportional to those committed by other groups fighting in Iraq, not to mention when fighting an opponent openly and proudly committed to genocide of your kind. While abuses of all kinds must be condemned, investigated, and those responsible punished, not all volunteers/militiamen are abusive, any more than all Sunni fighters are ISIL. But Grand Ayatollah Sistani recently released a fatwa intended to curb abuses, and his authority should at least significantly reduce them. Second, both Sunni tribes and Kurdish Peshmerga appear able and willing to coordinate with the militias, at least on occasion and as shock troops. This coordination indicates that these groups are less concerned about militia abuses than are we — and certainly gives lie to the frequent comparison in the West that the militias are equivalent to ISIL itself. Third, we have every indication that the militias intend — upon completion of their fight with ISIL — to either return home or be regularized by the central government in some way. The government needs volunteers at the moment, but seems intent on restoring the government monopoly on force at the earliest opportunity — with no objection from the militias themselves. This is, after all, what happened after 2008, albeit with Maliki’s spring 2008 attack on the Sadrists accelerating the trend.

    This does not mean that there should not be concern about the militias, simply that concerns of a military nature are overly weighted. Again, the real concerns should be political — specifically electoral. Iraq will have elections again in early 2017 and 2018; the first of these just months after a new U.S. president is sworn in, so it is far from too early to think about. And the question facing that election (from a U.S. perspective) is this: Assuming ISIL is largely defeated by early 2017, who will the Iraqi electorate, or at least the 60 to 70 percent of it that is Iraqi Shi’a, see as responsible for ISIL’s defeat? Given their prominence in the fighting, it is very possible that the political wings of Asaab al-Haq and the Badr Corps could greatly, even exponentially, increase their vote share. And what happens to Iraqi politics when the power inside the majority Shi’a block is reallocated from the more Western-oriented Dawa and the Supreme Islamic Council in Iraq to the more Eastern-looking Badr and Asaab al-Haq? Further, what would be the U.S. response to such a shift, in which Iran would surely increase its influence in Iraq?

    Iraq turns to Iran not because they love them (in fact, the opposite is true, for the most part), but because they are there and they always will be, at least next door. Among the Shi’a of southern Iraq, people are quick to note that ISIL invaded Mosul in June, but U.S. airstrikes did not begin until August (correlated with, if perhaps not caused by, the ISIL threat to Irbil), while the Iranians were there with advisors and weapons virtually the next day, a response they replicated for the Kurds two months later.
    Further, it is commonly believed in southern Iraq that the United States not only refused to help Iraq against ISIL, but is in fact ISIL’s patron and sponsor. This belief is largely a product of conspiracy and paranoia, but does have a strong element of believability at its core from an Iraqi Shi’a perspective. When pressed on this belief, pushing aside rumors of direct aid by the United States, southern Shi’a ask how can the United States permit its allies — Saudi Arabia, Qatar, and Turkey are usually named — to provide aid and comfort to ISIL as they do? Their explanation is that these states are the middle-men, or proxies, used by the United States to empower ISIL for its own purposes.

    This analysis is of course wrong, but it is not stupid and it demands an effective response. Of course, the United States does not and has never supported ISIL, but Washington has been willing to turn a blind eye to the support — money, bodies, and, above all, ideology — that ISIL draws, at least indirectly, from our “allies” in the region. Perhaps the U.S. leaders do not care about the impression this creates in Iraq’s south. But they should.

    Sectarianism: Hopes and Fears

    Sectarianism in Iraq remains a primary concern of the United States and other actors. Sectarianism in Iraq is alive and well, but often overstated. Religious identity clearly exists, but it competes and sometimes clashes with a host of other identities and self-concepts. These competing identities — Arab, Muslim, tribal, Iraqi — lead to some of the activities in Iraq that complicate a narrative of pure sectarian tension and cleansing. These events — the aforementioned cooperation between the Shi’a militias and Sunni tribes, the more moderate tones within the Iraqi government, the under-reported acceptance of displaced Sunni families in the Shi’a provinces — should temper the monolithic sectarian narrative often reported, though abuses should still be treated as such.

    So what causes are there for hope that Iraq will push through its post-ISIL crisis and move successfully into another decade? First, better and more moderate leaders are emerging. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi is certainly more moderate in tone, if perhaps not in policy positions, than was his predecessor Nouri al-Maliki. Similarly, Dr. Salim al-Jabouri, the new (Sunni) Speaker of the Iraqi Parliament, is much more moderate (again, at least in tone) than earlier opposition figures such as Tariq al-Hashemi, Ayad Allawi, or Osama al-Nujayfi. And new leadership is clearly needed, at least among the Sunni. The sooner the exile-era leadership departs from the political scene — taking all their exile pettiness with them — the sooner a more prudent, moderate politics may emerge.

    And in Iraq, prudential politics is based around oil revenues and the distribution thereof. Oil revenues — the bulk of them generated in Iraq’s southern provinces for the foreseeable future — tie Iraq together, with Baghdad continuing to insist that all Iraq’s resources belong to all Iraqis. These revenues will become more important in the future, despite the current decline in prices. With the Kurds’ independence hopes, and therefore regularized independent oil exports, crushed (in reality, if not in rhetoric) by Turkey, and with the Sunni areas about to become a war zone, subsidies of the Sunni and Kurds from the oil fields of Basra will become even more critical.

    However, this overwhelming rational interest lives in the shadow of growing fear and distrust. Uncomfortably, the non-Sunni Arab populations of Iraq are truly beginning to wonder if their Sunni co-nationals can be trusted as neighbors, or whether they will — given motive and opportunity — collaborate with or at least accede to Islamic terrorism. We see this sentiment expressed not only by the major Shi’a Arab and Kurdish blocks, but also by the (few remaining) Christians and Yezidi. There has been excellent coverage of the understandable resentment by the Yezidi of the Sunni who — at least the Yezidi claim and presumably believe — assisted and collaborated with ISIL in the destruction of their communities.

    While similar Shi’a and Kurdish pronouncements often have more overt political overtones, the core of the sentiment is real with them as well. These other communities in Iraq believe — correctly — that at least a minority of Iraq’s Sunni citizens have provided and will provide shelter to ISIL because, as discussed earlier, they fundamentally reject the post-2003 political order in which Sunni Arabs have only the power their demographics can democratically generate. This remains the key issue for Iraq’s future. If the entire concept of a non-Sunni controlled regime remains illegitimate to a sizeable portion of the Sunni population (and, not incidentally, to other Sunni governments in the region), and if this population is therefore willing to accept any allies — ISIL included — to overthrow this regime, then only the most authoritarian measures can be adopted with regard to this population to hold the state together.

    Nonetheless, the United States remains vested in Iraq. It belongs in a small group — along with Lebanon and Tunisia — of deeply flawed and frustrating but nonetheless democratic Arab states. And it is from among this group that America must find its regional allies, despite occasional — or frequent — policy disagreements. Again, to repeat, democracy in Iraq is weak, immature, flawed, problematic, and fragile. But any reading of the literature on states emerging from authoritarian rule would tell us this is the best we can hope for a mere decade after Iraq’s first election, as building accountable, transparent, and legitimate institutions is a monumental undertaking, full of uncertainty and ambiguity. Dealing with Iraq is a frustrating experience. But it nonetheless remains our best hope for the region, one of a very few islands of parliamentary democracy in a sea of abusive, medieval, and authoritarian states.

    Dr. Douglas A. OIlivant is a Managing Partner and the Senior Vice President of Mantid International, a global consulting firm with offices in Beirut, Baghdad and Washington D.C., which has financial interests in Baghdad and southern Iraq. He is also an ASU Senior Fellow in the Future of War project at New America. Follow him on Twitter at @DouglasOllivant.


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