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    The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015

    The Exchange Rate of Foreign Currency in Economic Feasibility Studies

    Below are the central controls related to the exchange rate of the foreign currency to convert the project inputs and outputs from foreign currency to its equivalent in the local currency, and that is by calculating the net discounted present value standard and the internal return on investments in economic analysis that governs investment projects that costs excess one million dinars.

    Estimate the shadow price of foreign currency:

    1. It is necessary to put central controls to amend the official exchange rate * to reflect the shadow price of the foreign currency, and that is considered one of the necessary requirements to implement the net discounted present value standard and the internal return rate on investment in the economic calculation stated in the instructions, paragraph nine.

    The central controls for adjusting market prices distinguished a group of outputs and inputs traded internationally, where the projects production or usage of them is reflected on the abundance of foreign currency in the economy and thus project outputs or inputs used of such are considered purely foreign currency outputs or inputs.

    * What is meant by exchange rate: the number of units of foreign currency, expressed in dollar per one dinar.In particular the following outputs and inputs of foreign currency were distinguished:

    • Export-outputs.
    • Outputs marketed locally that substitute imports.
    • Imported inputs.
    • Inputs produced locally that usually go to exports.
    • Foreign labor.

    According to the pricing rules the value of the output and input (traded) is calculated using export prices (FOB) and import prices (CIF), according to what is listed in the pricing rules.

    In other words the pricing rules calculate what the project produces from foreign currency (quantity of exports multiplied by the export price (FOB) in foreign currency or the quantity of substitute imports multiplied by the import price (CIF) in foreign currency, as well as what the project uses from foreign currency and imported inputs multiplied by the import price (CIF) in foreign currency …. etc.).

    In a later step, project outputs and inputs must be converted from the foreign currency to its equivalent in local currency (dinars) by using a specific exchange rate for the foreign currency.

    2. Justifications for exchange-rate adjustment: there are a number of important and powerful arguments which support the view that the official exchange rate reduces the real value of foreign currency for purposes of calculating the economic national profitability for investment projects and hence for the purposes of investment planning. It is demonstrated in this context to call for assessing the dinar for less than (3.208) dollar (official exchange rate) when assessing project outputs and inputs of traded goods of exports, substitute imports and imports… etc.

    The justifications to call for the use of an exchange rate that is lower than the official exchange rate are:

    • The use of an exchange rate that is lower than the official rate is the appropriate action at the investment planning level to translate the country’s economic strategy aiming at stimulating central investments in the sectors that encourage the development of non-oil exports, as well as sectors that encourage the expansion of domestic production base in order to reduce imports and compensate it with local commodities. This helps to reduce reliance on foreign exchange earnings from crude oil exports and increases the share of non-oil sectors in the local production.
    • The application of the amended exchange rate on project imported inputs will assist in directing investments away from aggregated sectors dependent on imported inputs and the preference of those sectors that rely on locally produced inputs.
    • The use of the amended exchange rate helps to correct the balance in favor of the traded goods sectors compared to non-traded goods.
    • The real exchange rate has declined rapidly since the early seventies, through rapid rise of the level of prices and local costs which led by the steadiness of the official exchange rate to change in prices and actual local rate costs that gave an advantage for imported goods at the expense of locally produced goods, meaning that it led to deterioration of the competitiveness of alternative replacement goods and export commodities.
    • This action shows that the official exchange rate overestimates the value of the dinar, compared to the foreign currency and from the promoting goods substituting imports and export commodities point of view of.

    And in support to this view is the state’s utilization and in a broad approach to the customs and quantitative protection policies especially for consumer goods, as well as export subsidies that exports have through an amended export exchange rate.

    3. Estimate the amended exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar to be used in technical and economical feasibility studies and for (1.134) dollar per dinar. This price should be approved for 3 years until re-appreciation by the competent authorities.

    The Republic of Iraq – Ministry of Planning


    A "flashback recap" of a Live Q and A Call from about a year ago - on THE DAILY DINAR NEWS BLOG...

    In general terms – there were three main focal points of interest I wanted to cover and then allow listeners to ask whatever questions they liked.

    1) the SIGR report…

    2) the Gold Article…

    3) the IIER report…

    I started the conversation out last night by highlighting how crazy this campaign being fielded to contact our lawmakers and bank CEO’s and tell them how unfair it is they are getting to exchange (exchange is the right terminology BTW – NOT “CASH-IN”) at 32.00 per Dinar and we are not – is. It is nuts.

    Firstly, “they” are NOT being allowed to exchange “early” – or at 32.00 per Dinar. It makes you sound “stark raving MAD” to be caught saying such things. You would be better off barking at the moon. It is demeaning to the validity of a true currency play.

    Secondly, this is entirely the wrong way to approach them. I pointed out on the call that Poppy and I fielded a very successful such campaign a couple of years ago. However, we sat down and came up with a much different approach. It was designed to get answers and to approach our lawmakers with respect and as their constituents. Not like a bunch of lunatics. We had extraordinary participation (because it made sense) and we received a good response from lawmakers. It started the conversation in a reasonable manner.

    I asked one caller – “when was the last time you asked a banker for money and told him how unfair it was if he didn’t give it to you”??? Obviously – we chuckled…

    Another caller asked me if (as DC had relayed) – the “zero’s were raised” and the lower denominations were in circulation??

    I said plainly “no”…lower denominations being in circulation would (at the very least) imply there had been a value change. If there were no value change the lower denoms would not only be of little value, they would be such a hinderance – people might even throw them away just to get rid of them. So no – no lower denoms. I told the caller to check the website for “real” info on rate change.

    The “zero’s being raised” or “deleted” – as explained by any reasonable researcher, economist or authority – is simply the process removing the large (3 zero notes) from circulation.

    Referring to an Enorrste post from today on
    THE DINAR OBSERVER DAILY(you may want to put this on your favorites and check in several times a day – we to it often )

    “…I have never found a single article from the CBI or the IMF that equates “delete the zeros” to the idea of “move the decimal point.” Instead, the statements overwhelmingly come out to mean “remove the large notes from circulation.”

    Also – this recent internal memo put out by Wells Fargo is likely “push back” from this recent campaign. I pointed out that Pinnacle Bank published an article by an “affiliate” in their internal publication and then “highlighted it” in a similar internal memo a couple of years ago. It is just a defense mechanism. I’m sure Wells is tired of having their name dragged through the “internet rumor mill”. This is highly likely the reason for their vigorous denials about handling it in the future. They get so many useless calls – it isn’t worth the headache. Can you blame them??

    Further, for any bank, lawmaker, adviser or official to state the “Dinar is a scam” is nearly as foolish as some of the internet “Gurus”. It is the official currency of a COUNTRY. I pointed out (below) the post from yesterday’s
    – highlights page 94 of the quarterly SIGR report to THE US CONGRESS in April of 2012…
    __________________________________________________ _____________


    We are seeing and hearing that the inflation rate is still climbing and they are pushing to get us our money?? This report is from page 84 of the massive SIGR report.

    BGG ~
    This is a screen shot from the “Special Inspector General for Iraq Reconstruction” – Apr 2012, quarterly report to Congress. For members of our Government to say they have no idea what is going on here – means they haven’t read some very basic documents presented them.
    __________________________________________________ ______________

    I pointed out (last night) this is a highly speculative investment. We are, in no way, guaranteed anything. However, this SIGR report gives us some valuable insights…

    1) This is information given to the US CONGRESS on a quarterly basis… I find it hard to believe such an information source would intentionally mislead Congress. They tend to frown on such behavior. Which goes directly to the validity of this adventure – against all advice from Wells Fargo or other such naysayers.

    2) It points out there having been a legitimate “plan” – or time frame in motion…having been projected to be done in 2013. We are obviously in “over time” now.

    3) It gives us an idea as to who is in charge…the CoM – or Council of Ministers. Who do they answer to?? Maliki. Period. When is he likely to push this forward?? Historically – he has been a “weak Dinar” policy advocate. However, rumor from his own inner circle admits he can’t win a third term in office without some currency reform.

    I fully expect him to use every tool in his “wheel house” to win – his recent moves in Anbar and the disputed territories prove as much. Currency reform has to be a “biggie”. Though this WAS their thinking a couple of months ago – there is no promise it is still part of their political calculus. We shall see.

    4) Though no guarantee of the actual future plan they wind up engaging – this report points out an increase in value that would have taken the Dinar from “one-tenth of a cent” to a value “of slightly less than $1″..

    __________________________________________________ ______________


    Coins put on the market !!

    Nora Albjara member of the committee of economy and investment in the House of Representatives revealed that the central bank completed its preparations for the issuance of metal coins of seven small groups, in conjunction with the implementation of the project to delete the three zeroes from the paper currency is currently in circulation.

    She said in her statement Albjara "The project will take between four and five years, and which will be the launch of the categories of small coins gradually."

    He predicted the financial expert Hilal Taan inflation rate declines, with the issuance of metal coins of small denominations in the daily financial transactions, remarkable that 3% of the value of inflation in Iraq due to the presence of large cash block.

    The economic expert on behalf of Jamil Anton, noted that he may not find metal coins accepted by a lot of Iraqis, especially young people, due to the existence of an entire generation of Iraqis had not trading coins due to stop use since the early nineties of the twentieth century


    CBI is preparing to issue a monetary metal parts

    Metal coins from the category of 25 fils were in circulation until the nineties of the last century

    Nora Albjara member of the committee of economy and investment in the House of Representatives revealed that the central bank completed its preparations for the issuance of metal coins of seven small groups, in conjunction with the implementation of the project to delete the three zeroes from the paper currency is currently in circulation.

    She said in her statement Albjara Radio Free Iraq, "said the project will take between four and five years, and which will be the launch of the categories of small coins gradually."

    He predicted the financial expert Hilal Taan inflation rate declines, with the issuance of metal coins of small denominations in the daily financial transactions, remarkable that 3% of the value of inflation in Iraq due to the presence of large cash block.

    The economic expert on behalf of Jamil Anton, noted that he may not find coins accepted by a lot of Iraqis, especially young people, due to the existence of an entire generation of Iraqis had not trading coins due to stop use since the early nineties of the twentieth century.


    Another "FLASHBACK"...

    Economists Divided Over Deletion Of Zeros

    By Amina al-Dahabi for Al-Monitor.

    The Central Bank of Iraq (CBI) has been attempting to delete three zeros from the Iraqi currency since 2003. This project has raised many concerns among the Iraqi public and within the business community, and Iraqi economists are divided…

    …Haider al-Abadi, the head of the Iraqi parliamentary Finance Committee, told Al-Monitor that while deleting zeros from the current currency is possible, this has been postponed until after parliamentary elections. He noted that studies are being carried out to ensure that, following the currency change, counterfeiting is limited and that Iraqis don’t go back to trading in the old currency.

    The step to delete zeros from the currency has been postponed several times, leading the parliamentary Economic Committee to demand that the CBI accelerate this project, as Al-Sharqiya reported. In a news conference held July 6, the Economic Committee confirmed that the deletion of zeros will lead to an increase in the value of the Iraqi dinar and will have positive repercussions, including a reduction in unemployment and poverty rates in the country.


    Crush Expected When Kuwaiti Banks Reopen Today

    March 24, 1991|From Reuters

    KUWAIT CITY, Kuwait — Thousands of Kuwaitis are expected to jam the country's banks today when they open for the first time since the end of the Iraqi occupation.

    Customers will be allowed to withdraw funds and to swap pre-invasion money for a new currency issued to make more than $1 billion in pre-invasion dinars stolen by the Iraqis worthless.

    "We expect a rush of people," said Issam Asousi, an executive with the Bank of Kuwait. He said it could be a chaotic first week because customers have a lot of questions about their accounts.

    Kuwaiti banks continued operating during the seven-month Iraqi occupation under managers brought in from Iraq, but they have been closed since the U.S.-led alliance ousted the Iraqi army from Kuwait a month ago.

    When the banks reopen today, customers will be able to withdraw up to 4,000 Kuwaiti dinars, equivalent to about $14,000 at pre-invasion exchange rates from their accounts, and to exchange a like amount for foreign currency.

    Balances of customers' accounts will go back to what they were on Aug. 1, a day before the invasion.

    Clients will not be able to exchange Iraqi currency issued during the occupation, when Baghdad pegged the rates of the strong Kuwaiti dinar to the far less valuable Iraqi dinar.

    The new Kuwaiti money will be exchanged for old at a one-to-one rate.

    BGG ~ Thanks to wmawhite for some facts on the subject.

    Hi BGG,

    Just thought I would drop you an email. I listened to the call, and was interested in what was said about Kuwait, if I may - I will add my 2 cents worth.

    You were spot on with what you said, I have a close friend who's father made a killing on the KWD. He bought from people who had fled the country and he paid pennies on the dollar (we are in Australia). He took the chance that Iraq would be kicked back out and he was right.

    When the money was reinstated, he exchanged it for AUD at a rate in the mid 3s. The interesting thing about it is, Iraq invaded in November 1990 (I think), they were kicked back out at the end of Feb 1991, the banks reopened with a brand new KWD in late March, that's not a bad time frame to get a currency designed, printed and made ready to use, also the time that the old KWD was valid was initially only for 2 months, then extended to 6, so it was valid until Sept 1991, interesting I think.

    Also the other thing that seems to be a "fact" in Dinar land is Bill Clinton used the Kuwait RV to pay off the debt. However, Clinton was not President in 91, he did not take office until 93, even I know that and I am an Aussie.

    Anyway thanks for the site and enjoy listening to your calls.

    Kind Regards,

  2. #2

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015

    Currency Auctions
    Announcement No. (2891)

    The latest daily currency auction was held in the Central Bank of Iraq on the 19-02-2015 results were as follows:

    Number of banks 24
    Auction price selling dinar / US$ 1166
    Auction price buying dinar / US$ -----
    Amount sold at auction price (US$) 85,993,000
    Amount purchased at Auction price (US$) -----
    Total offers for buying (US$) 85,993,000
    Total offers for selling (US$) -----

    Market Rate. 1237
    [ * third consecutive day ]
    Last edited by chattels; 02-19-2015 at 09:35 AM.

  3. #3

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015



    'How This Ends':
    Iraq's Uncertain Path toward National Reconciliation
    Michael Eisenstadt and Ahmed Ali
    Also available in العربية
    Policy #1553
    July 17, 2009
    During Iraqi prime minister Nouri al-Maliki's visit to Washington next week, the Obama administration will likely seek to reinvigorate that country's flagging reconciliation process as part of ongoing efforts to establish a stable political order in Iraq. Progress, however, continues to be hindered by ongoing violence, deep-seated suspicions, and partisan politics, raising questions about the ultimate prospects for national reconciliation.

    Reconciliation and Postconflict Stability

    The process by which war-torn societies heal is imperfectly understood. Experience, however, suggests that societies undertaking a formal reconciliation process to consolidate domestic peace agreements have a better chance of avoiding further civil conflict than those that do not.

    Before 2003, U.S. and Iraqi thinking about reconciliation focused largely on the legacy of Saddam Hussein. Today, after six years of insurgency and civil war, reconciliation must also deal with the legacy of violence among ethnosectarian groups, and between former insurgents and the Iraqi government.

    Successful reconciliation efforts, such as those in Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Honduras, Mozambique, South Africa, and Uruguay, require courageous and visionary leadership, and often involve the following elements:

    Truth telling, which permits victims to share traumas and perpetrators to acknowledge guilt
    Redefining social identities by portraying both victims and perpetrators as fellow citizens
    Partial justice, where victims are compensated and at least some of the perpetrators are punished
    Public events that promote forgiveness and new beginnings
    Most of these aspects, however, are missing from Iraq's flawed reconciliation process, which encompasses a diverse array of activities involving a broad array of actors -- the Iraqi and U.S. governments, nongovernmental and international organizations (NGOs and IOs), and neighboring states. These activities are often based on divergent assumptions about the nature of reconciliation and the means to achieving it.

    U.S. Efforts

    Since 2003, the United States has promoted reconciliation through the following activities:

    Working to incorporate Sunni Arabs into the Iraqi Security Forces (ISF) and the political process
    Making amends for the inadvertent killing of Iraqi civilians by offering apologies and compensation
    Engaging "reconcilable" elements in the Sunni Arab insurgency that are willing to join the political process
    Mending ties between estranged communities (Sunnis and Shiites, Arabs and Kurds) by organizing meetings to address common problems
    Pressing the Iraqi government to legislate the integration of former insurgents and disenfranchised communities into the political process
    Documenting property claims and disputes
    A tendency to view Iraq almost exclusively through an ethnosectarian prism undermined early U.S. reconciliation efforts and unwittingly contributed to the polarization of Iraqi society. Inadequate resourcing, a lack of interagency coordination, and a refusal to talk with insurgents also hindered these efforts.

    The U.S. took a new approach in the runup to and during the 2007 troop surge, when the U.S. military opted to work with former insurgents from various Awakening groups, known as Sons of Iraq (SOI), to fight al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI). These bottom-up efforts, which focused mainly on reconciliation between U.S. forces and local Iraqi communities and insurgent groups, enjoyed significant success. During the surge, however, broadened efforts to reconcile estranged Iraqi communities, and former insurgents with the Iraqi government, witnessed only mixed success.

    Iraqi Efforts

    Many Iraqis saw the post-Saddam government's early attempts at reconciliation by retribution and compensation as nothing more than victor's justice. Retribution was carried out by de-Baathification and the trial of former regime personalities such as Saddam Hussein and Ali Hassan al-Majid (Chemical Ali). Compensation was achieved through the establishment of government foundations to care for Iraqis who had been maimed, imprisoned, or killed by the previous regime.

    In June 2006, shortly after becoming prime minister, al-Maliki announced a twenty-four-point national reconciliation plan that included provisions for amnesty, conferences, a review of de-Baathification procedures, compensation for victims, punishment for terrorists and war criminals, and the creation of the Supreme Committee for Dialogue and National Reconciliation (SCDNR). Minister of State for National Dialogue Affairs Akram al-Hakim, a close associate of al-Maliki, heads this committee, an organization that attempts to engage Iraqi tribes, civil society organizations, political parties, and religious leaders. Al-Hakim oversees, at least in theory, all governmental entities involved in reconciliation, although quite tellingly, the committee lacks a professional staff and remains unfunded (parliament rescinded $65 million earmarked by the Council of Ministers).

    The Iraqi government's principal operational arm for reconciliation is the Implementation and Follow-Up Committee for National Reconciliation (IFCNR), which was established in June 2007 and is currently headed by Muhammad Salman al-Saadi, another al-Maliki associate. While formally under the purview of SCDNR, it actually reports directly to the prime minister and enjoys a high degree of autonomy. It deals mainly with the vetting of former regime personnel, tribal affairs (including both Awakening and tribal support councils), internally displaced persons, access to basic services (denial of which was used in the past to punish perceived enemies), and job creation issues.

    In September 2007, the Iraqi parliament established the ad hoc National Reconciliation Committee (NRC). The independent Sunni parliamentarian Wathab Shaker heads this committee, and its dozen or so members are drawn from nearly all major parties. The NRC is not, however, a major player. Its primary activities include working for the release of mainly Sunni detainees and serving occasionally as an interlocutor to the Arab League.

    In January 2008, the Iraqi parliament passed the Accountability and Justice Law to supplant the de-Baathification system established in 2003 by the Coalition Provisional Authority. Although some of its provisions are improvements -- less stringent criteria for de-Baathification, more generous pensions for dismissed personnel, forfeiture of restored rights in the event of demonstrated culpability for criminal acts, and an independent appeals mechanism -- others are not, such as exceptions to the new de-Baathification criteria and the wholesale dismissal from government service of former employees of Baath-era security agencies. The commission required to implement the law, moreover, has not yet been established.

    In addition to these top-down governmental efforts, a number of bottom-up initiatives have originated from civil society, in the form of community and tribal gatherings.

    The Iraqi government's reconciliation activities have been hampered by the taint of politicization and the lack of follow-through. A desire for revenge rather than reconciliation was seen as driving early de-Baathification efforts and trials of former regime personalities, further polarizing Iraqi society. Al-Maliki uses IFCNR to extend patronage to his supporters, such as the tribal support councils, and to exert leverage over his former enemies, while members of parliament apparently drove the creation of the NRC to ensure that the government addressed their reconciliation agenda.

    Since al-Maliki outlined his ambitious agenda in 2006, accomplishments have been modest. Although dismissed army officers have been reinstated, personnel from the former regime's security forces have been paid their pensions, and local reconciliation efforts have gone well, problems remain. The Accountability and Justice Law remains largely unimplemented, key proposed amendments to the constitution have not been passed, and it is unclear whether the government will find stable employment for the eighty percent of former SOI militiamen who not being integrated into the ISF.

    Finally, differences between Baghdad and the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) have been dealt with primarily by deferring difficult decisions on such key issues as the status of Kirkuk, governance in Ninawa province, oil, peshmerga/ISF relations, and the KRG constitution.

    NGOs, IOs, and Neighbors

    Numerous foreign NGOs have supported the reconciliation process by training conflict resolution facilitators and sponsoring workshops and conferences to promote dialogue among Iraqis, resolve local conflicts, and forge a common future vision for the country.

    The UN Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) has promoted reconciliation by supporting elections, working to resolve the issue of Kirkuk, and helping draft the International Compact with Iraq. The Arab League sponsored the Conference for National Reconciliation in Cairo in November 2005 and dispatched a permanent mission to Baghdad in April 2006. The League's effectiveness, however, has been limited due to its failure to continuously staff its Baghdad office and tensions between its largely Sunni Arab membership and the largely Shiite Iraqi government. Finally, the government of Jordan has hosted a number of conferences to promote dialogue and reconciliation among Iraqis.

    While it is hard to assess the overall impact of these diverse activities, some NGO-sponsored peace-building efforts have yielded important local benefits.

    Reconciliation Challenges

    A number of factors are likely to complicate efforts to achieve national reconciliation in Iraq:

    Vested interests. Perhaps the biggest challenge is that key political parties have successfully exploited ethnosectarian grievances as a means of mobilizing support. These parties have a vested interest in perpetuating the political status quo and would stand to lose a great deal if a postsectarian style of politics in Iraq were to emerge as a result of a successful reconciliation process.

    Persistent violence. Ongoing violence, although at greatly reduced levels, prevents old wounds from healing, opens new wounds, and creates the potential for renewed civil war. This reality lends immediacy to one of the principal conclusions of a landmark World Bank study on civil conflict: nearly half of all countries emerging from civil war suffer a relapse within five years.

    Elusive consensus. Fundamental disagreements remain among Iraqis on a number of key issues, such as de-Baathification, the oil law, and Kirkuk. The fragmentation of Iraqi politics (more than four hundred parties and entities participated in recent provincial elections) complicates efforts to identify individuals capable of speaking for and negotiating on behalf of broad constituencies.

    Justice denied. Many of those responsible for the worst bloodletting in recent years -- including leaders of antigovernment insurgent groups and government death squads -- are still involved in public life as members of provincial councils, the ISF, or parliament and show no contrition for their actions.

    Demographic complexity. Because various population groups remain intermingled throughout the country despite years of ethnosectarian cleansing, incidents in one place may have broad consequences elsewhere.

    Multilayered conflicts. Iraq's civil war involved conflicts within, as well as between, communities: the "nationalist resistance" vs. AQI, Awakening councils vs. Islamists, Jaish al-Mahdi vs. ISF units aligned with the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq. For this reason, intra- and intercommunal reconciliation is needed. To date, most reconciliation efforts have focused on the legacy of intercommunal conflicts, though ultimately both legacies need to be addressed.

    Iraqi political culture. While Arab tribal culture and Islam have provided the normative justifications and mechanisms for reconciliation at the local level, the desire for revenge, a zero-sum approach to politics, and religious extremism have hindered reconciliation at the national level.

    Election-year politics. In March 2009, when the government expressed a willingness to reconcile with some Baathists, a number of civil society organizations (all apparently linked to the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq) were formed to thwart these efforts. It will be difficult for the government to ignore these organizations in the run-up to the January 2010 elections, lest it appear "soft" on Baathism and lose the support of key constituencies.

    External meddling. Syria, the Gulf Arab states, and Iran supported groups such as AQI and Jaish al-Mahdi, contributing greatly to the 2006-2007 Iraqi civil war and ongoing violence. Preventing the arming, training, and funding of such spoilers is key to keeping the peace in Iraq and moving the reconciliation process forward.

    For all these reasons, Iraqis are likely to coexist uneasily for the foreseeable future. National reconciliation, if it occurs at all, could take years.

    Next Steps

    Preventing major renewed outbreaks of violence is an essential condition for successful reconciliation in Iraq. Accordingly, the main U.S. priorities in the next two years should be to press the Iraqi government to find stable employment -- even if "make work" -- for former SOI personnel and army officers who participated in the insurgency, and to prevent clashes between the ISF and KRG forces in contested areas.

    This will require the United States, first, to expend significant political capital to convince the Iraqi government to take steps it finds extremely distasteful and, second, to continue to discourage the KRG from undertaking actions that could be perceived as provocative by other Iraqis. By the same token, the United States will have to tolerate al-Maliki's efforts to reconcile with members of Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr's movement, including "special group" militants who have American blood on their hands.

    Furthermore, the United States and the international community should seek to advance the reconciliation process by:

    Working to enhance the capacity and professionalism of SCDNR and the Ministry of Justice, which plays a key role with regard to a number of potentially sensitive transitional justice issues
    Making foreign aid, investment, and debt forgiveness contingent on the Iraqi government's progress toward reconciliation, and by supporting, financially and materially, those organizations and entities, both Iraqi and foreign, actively working toward this goal
    Encouraging postsectarian politics in Iraq by funding NGOs that assist in the development of issue-based parties; urging the passage of a law that would require parties to declare sources of financing and proscribe funding from foreign sources (thereby reducing opportunities for foreign meddling in Iraqi politics); and pushing for the adoption of an open-list, multiple-district system for the January 2010 national elections, which is more likely to produce cross-sectarian political coalitions
    Fostering the creation of professional, nonsectarian civil service and security forces by offering merit-based training, education, and scholarships in the United States and elsewhere. Military assistance should be made contingent on continued progress toward creating an apolitical, professional, and reasonably representative officer corps
    Tapping into the widespread yearning for change in Iraq by issuing statements to the Iraqi and Arab media supportive of issue-based politics and free and fair elections. This will limit al-Maliki's ability to indulge his sectarian instincts and avoid meaningful reconciliation.
    Finally, the international community should encourage the establishment of an independent, nonpartisan Iraqi organization, whose board of governors is confirmed by parliament, to coordinate and prioritize nongovernmental reconciliation activities and to serve as a counterbalance to IFCNR and SCDNR. UNAMI, if properly resourced, might assist with this effort. Such an entity would help NGOs and local and provincial governments facilitate bottom-up reconciliation.

    Iraq is unlikely to resolve the many issues on its reconciliation agenda in the near -- or even distant -- future. Nonetheless, an energized reconciliation process that facilitates incremental progress on key issues, bolsters the security gains of the past two years, and helps tamp down ongoing violence is vital to the interests of both the United States and Iraq.

    The authors would like to acknowledge the work of William J. Long and Peter Brecke, authors of War and Reconciliation: Reason and Emotion in Conflict Resolution. A list of additional published sources used in this paper is available upon request.

    Michael Eisenstadt is a senior fellow and director of The Washington Institute's Military and Security Studies Program. Ahmed Ali is a research associate at the Institute, focusing on Iraq and Iran.


    National Reconciliation in Iraq

    Reality & Horizon


    Iraqi president announces steps towards national reconciliation
    Massoum says will press ahead with efforts to heal Iraq's sectarian rifts after meeting with UN envoy
    Fuad Masoum, the new president of Iraq and a veteran Kurdish politician, speaks during a press conference in Baghdad on July 24, 2014. (AFP PHOTO / ALI AL-SAADI)
    Fuad Masoum, the new president of Iraq and a veteran Kurdish politician, speaks during a press conference in Baghdad on July 24, 2014. (AFP PHOTO / ALI AL-SAADI)

    Baghdad, Asharq Al-Awsat—Iraqi President Fuad Massoum reaffirmed his intention to push forward a process of national political reconciliation on Tuesday, following a meeting with the UN Special Envoy to Iraq Nikolay Mladenov.
    “[The Iraqi government] is seeking to take decisive and resolute steps and reconsider some resolutions and laws in order to achieve national reconciliation and bring security and welfare,” a statement quoted Massoum as saying during a meeting with Mladenov.

    “National reconciliation is a social need; therefore, it cannot be achieved via meetings, conferences and pretense only. Rather, it requires strong will and actual participation from everyone, particularly since Iraq now is in need of reconciliation and solidarity more than ever,” the statement continued.

    Since the downfall of the former dictator Saddam Hussein following the US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, Iraq has been increasingly beset by bloody sectarian violence and conflict at all levels, the most recent example of which has been the rise of the Sunni extremist organization the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).

    In particular, Iraq’s Sunnis, politically predominant in the pre-2003 era, have become increasingly disillusioned and disaffected by the rise of Shi’ite parties to power in Iraq, something experts say has contributed to the success of ISIS and groups like it.

    The US has called on the government of Shi’ite prime minister Haider Al-Abdadi to begin a reconciliation process with Iraqi Sunni leaders, and has warned that it will be necessary to integrate Sunni tribal militias into the security forces in order to defeat ISIS, something the previous government led by Nuri Al-Maliki was deeply reluctant to do.

    Massoum has tasked his Vice-President Iyad Allawi with following up on the issue of national reconciliation. The Shi’ite politician has held a series of meetings with exiled politicians and tribal leaders in Jordan, UAE and Qatar in a bid to involve them in the national reconciliation project.

    During his meeting with the UN special envoy, Massoum reiterated that “extensive national reconciliation is the only way to get rid of difficulties and help maintain security and social peace.”

    The United Nations would support Iraq in all fields and help it overcome its problems, Mladenov pledged.

    The Iraqi president told a group of reporters in November that he would “adopt an extensive national reconciliation project early next year.”

    “President Massoum possesses an integrated program and a clear vision regarding national reconciliation and once he is done with consultations and meetings, practical steps will begin,” a spokesman for the Iraqi presidency, Khalid Shawani, told Asharq Al-Awsat.

    According to Shawani, Massoum’s national reconciliation project will focus on two tracks: a political track, involving consultations with members of all of Iraq’s sects and ethnicities, and a legislative track, involving the review of existing legislation with an eye to fostering a greater degree of political and social reconciliation.

    The project will address several critical issues, such as the sectarian basis of Iraq’s political system (which unofficially reserves the presidency for a Kurd, the premiership for a Shi’ite, and the speaker of parliament’s chair for a Sunni), the issue of former Ba’athists and military personnel who fought against US forces, and individuals harmed by Saddam Hussein’s regime, Allawi previously said in a statement.

    While these issues have been raised before, some political leaders said that a push to tackle Iraq’s sectarian crisis had been given added urgency by the rise of ISIS and the threat of the country’s disintegration along ethnic and sectarian lines.

    Speaking exclusively to Asharq Al-Awsat, Iraqi Communist Party politburo member Raed Fahmy said unlike the past, the present political conditions in Iraq encourage national reconciliation efforts.

    “National reconciliation this time seems to be more of a reality than just mere words,” he said.


    Iraqi president announces steps towards national reconciliation

    Baghdad: Iraqi President Fuad Masum reaffirmed his intention to push forward a process of national political reconciliation on Tuesday, following a meeting with the UN Special Envoy to Iraq Nikolay Mladenov. “[The Iraqi government] is seeking to take decisive and resolute steps and reconsider some resolutions and laws in order to achieve national reconciliation and bring security and welfare,” a statement quoted Masum as saying during a meeting with Mladenov. “National reconciliation is a social need; therefore, it cannot be achieved via meetings, conferences and pretense only.

    Rather, it requires strong will and actual participation from everyone, particularly since Iraq now is in need of reconciliation and solidarity more than ever,” the statement continued. “President Masum possesses an integrated program and a clear vision regarding national reconciliation and once he is done with consultations and meetings, practical steps will begin,” a spokesman for the Iraqi presidency, Khalid Shawani, told Asharq Al-Awsat. According to Shawani, Masum’s national reconciliation project will focus on two tracks: a political track, involving consultations with members of all of Iraq’s sects and ethnicities, and a legislative track, involving the review of existing legislation with an eye to fostering a greater degree of political and social

    National: Allawi officially received the national reconciliation file and begin great strides

    Twilight News / National coalition led by said Vice President Iyad Allawi, on Wednesday, the latter formally recognizes the national reconciliation file in the country, adding that Allawi will begin the implementation of its internal and external levels. The spokeswoman said the coalition victory Allawi’s “Twilight News”, “The meeting, which brought together the three presidencies this week (the presidency of the republic, ministers, MPs) during which delivery Iyad Allawi formally national reconciliation file.” Allawi said that “Iyad Allawi will invest its relationship with the Arab and regional in terms of implementation of the national reconciliation project to stop the ranks with Iraq in its war against al Daash,” pointing out that “Allawi also will begin activating the internal file over the meetings and conferences with state institutions and tribal chain.” Tensm and Iyad Allawi, his vice-president of the Iraqi Republic, after nearly eight years of practice for the role of the opposition political Former Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki, who currently serves as the Vice President of the Republic as well. Related Posts Abadi Davos: Iraq develop its economy despite the challenges (Jan 23, 2015) Adel Abdul-Mahdi: Iraq will be a rising economic power (Jan 23, 2015) Abadi looking with the founder of the Economic Forum ways (Jan 23, 2015) Abadi: We lost 40% of our economy for the drop in oil (Jan 23, 2015) Allawi opposed the secession of the Kurdistan region at the moment (Jan 23, 2015) Tags: al-Maliki Allawi Daash Iraq reconcilation file war


    Jubouri, Allawi discuss national reconciliation file


    Search House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, in his private office on Monday, with Vice President Iyad Allawi and his accompanying delegation developments in the political process.

    A statement by the Office of the al-Jubouri, the agency received all of Iraq [where] a copy of which the two sides discussed "in particular national reconciliation undertaken by the Vice President of the Republic in the light of dialogue and reconciliation initiative launched by President al-Jubouri, a recent file".

    The statement added, "It was also agreed to work on the coordination of future attitudes and unify the visions on the important files that would reflect positively on the overall situation in Iraq."

    The head of the House of Representatives Saleem al-Jubouri, revealed earlier, all preparations are underway to hold a conference sponsored by the state of the dialogue with the opposition and includes measures of accountability and justice law [de-Baathification previously.

    As confirmed yesterday that "dialogue and national reconciliation of the basic issues that the House of Representatives Saouliha interest in it and we are among the fans on opening the prospect of sustained dialogue between is a participant in the government and the House of Representatives, as well as the opposition and certainly the next few days will lead to the results are clear and information" .anthy


    Hakim calls upon the United Nations to adopt the next conference of harmony and reconciliation in Iraq

    BAGHDAD / .. head of the Islamic Supreme Council Ammar al-Hakim, the Sabbath, the United Nations called on to put points on the letters regarding the problems and obstacles to national reconciliation and harmony in the next conference .

    Hakim said, during a meeting with the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations Nikolay Mladenov, according to a statement his office "Eye Iraq News" received a copy of it, that "the United Nations should adopt the next Conference of harmony and reconciliation,which is sponsored by the UN agency in the next month and diagnose problems and obstacles plan and program in order to achieve success and move it forward . "

    Hakim praised the UN efforts in Aga˙h displaced, stressing the need for more efforts because of bad humanitarian situation of the displaced from their areas due to military operations .

    For his part, Mladenov "The United Nations is in the process of establishing a special fund for the reconstruction of areas liberated from the grip of Daash in Iraq," noting that the United Nations is seeking to alleviate the suffering of displaced families and reduce the humanitarian burden them .

    He said during a press conference held after the Hakim meeting, he discussed with him the subject of harmony, to be held under UN auspices in the next month, and the London Conference of the Coalition and the progress of the Iraqi forces and the level of international assistance to Iraq government program and legislation related to it .

    In another context, Hakim said, "What happened in France suffered from a French magazine to attack a terrorist crime is the subject of condemnation and stand deduced them, and do not accept that the Muslims in the world are exposed to collective punishment and to offend their beliefs . "

    The United Nations has called for intensified efforts for the release of the Bahraini opposition Ali Salman, describing it as "believers in democracy, and that his continued detention and trial would cause sectarian strife, indispensable in the region as well as the deepening divide between the Islamic doctrines"

    SCZIN11- JANUARY 25, 2015

    Mladenov up to Karbala to attend meetings on dialogue and reconciliation in Iraq

    Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolai Miladinov, arrived Sunday morning, the city of Karbala.

    Mladenov and visit Karbala to attend the round table meetings on the national dialogue and reconciliation in Iraq.
    And participate in this conference Karbala governor Akil Turaihi and President of the Council Nassif rhetorical political and human rights figures from the provinces of Najaf and Babil.

    And place these days between the political parties dialogues about the initiative put forward by House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri for dialogue with the opposition parties to include destinations outside Iraq.

    The al-Jubouri, had revealed earlier, all preparations are underway to hold a conference sponsored by the state of the dialogue with the opposition and includes measures of accountability and justice law [de-Baathification previously.
    As al-Jubouri said in 11 of this month that "dialogue and national reconciliation of the basic issues that the House of Representatives Saouliha interest in it and we are among the fans on opening the prospect of sustained dialogue between is a participant in the government and the House of Representatives, as well as the opposition and certainly the next few days will lead to the results to be clear and information. "

    For his part, President of the Republic Fuad Masum, revealed last Thursday on "The preparation of the expanded national reconciliation conference will take months," pointing out that "everyone will be invited to the conference, including members of armed factions that have not stained their hands with the blood of Iraqis."

    He said that "with the cancellation of the law of accountability, justice and the assignment of its files to the courts because they are transitional rule in the Constitution, and the time came to revise this law," pointing out that "the presence of proposals to cancel the Justice and Accountability Act, and legislation prohibition of belonging to the Baath party law," adding that he "can not keep all I belong to the former Baath Party, "because they would be half of the Iraqi people." End quote

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...4pOnjqQd0Ddw-wMladenov: call for reconciliation in Iraq is very encouraging and will enhance the government's efforts to reform

    Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolay Mladenov described the call for reconciliation in Iraq as "very encouraging and it will strengthen the government's efforts at reform."
    According to a statement of the mission internationalism [UNAMI] received by all of Iraq [where] a copy of Mladenov "presided over today in the city of Karbala first forum of a series of forums Roundtable held with civil society and the public and tribal leaders, clerics and scholars from the provinces of Karbala, Najaf and Babil about social cohesion between the Iraqi social and political actors, which was held in Baghdad on 26 and November 27, 2014 ".

    The statement quoted Mladenov said that "collective call by the participants to promote peaceful coexistence and national dialogue and reconciliation is very encouraging," adding that "this support will strengthen the government's efforts to revitalize its program of reform and reconciliation."
    He said the UN envoy "It is encouraging to see the clergy and dignitaries of the community to communicate with their communities for the purpose of setting issues that affect the reconciliation efforts and strengthen comprehensive dialogue in Iraq among the priorities," noting that "should these messages continue to spread in order to devote the principles of inclusiveness, trust and compatibility between the components of Iraq." .

    Participants at the meeting stressed the importance of strengthening the social and religious cohesion as well as healing the divisions within Iraqi society.

    He is scheduled to hold a second forum in the province of Basra in the first week of February next.anthy


    Ordeal: the government is determined to amend the Justice and Accountability Act

    MP for the Iraqi National Alliance honest ordeal, said the political blocs agreed within the paper political agreement to amend the law of accountability and justice in a fair, pointing out that the government is determined to amend the law. He said the ordeal told all of Iraq [where], "The Justice and Accountability Act needs to be amended," he said, adding that he "must be invoked to eliminate any crime if there was Msthompsk must prove that there is no selective." He added that "most of those affected were not their crimes against the Iraqi people," noting that "the prime minister Haider al-Abadi is determined to end this matter." He said the ordeal that "modifying the law of accountability and neutrophil came within the paper political agreement between the political blocs, that modifies the fair, but until now have not been discussed either in the Cabinet or Parliament, or between the blocks."The Legal Committee of the National Alliance would deal with this law, and we will soon be upon the law on freedom of expression."

    He was President, Fuad Masum said last Wednesday, during a meeting with a delegation from the Committee on Justice and Accountability in the House of Representatives on the need to review some of the accountability and justice, and the differences in views concerning the efforts to settle outstanding issues laws. The General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers, was announced earlier this month, for completion of the law and accountability.

    Sheikh Hamoudi invite the President of the National Reconciliation Commission to make the unity of Iraq and the target of their work

    {Baghdad: Euphrates News} called a member of the Presidency of the Council of Representatives, Sheikh Hamoudi to activate the national reconciliation project, support and exert more efforts for each work is in the unity of Iraq.

    A statement by the office of Sheikh Hamoudi agency {Euphrates News} received a copy of it today that "This came during a meeting in his office the President of the National Reconciliation Commission in the Council of Ministers Jawad Abdul-Zahra al-Husseini, where the latter presented a review of the work of the committee and submitted during the past period."
    He urged Sheikh Hamoudi according to the statement Chairman of the Committee to continue efforts at national reconciliation project and make the unity of Iraq the target of their work.
    The statement added that "the Chairman of the Committee requested the involvement of the committee in the discussions that will take place regarding the accountability and justice law to provide the House with information and details of the fact that within the jurisdiction of their work," .anthy

    Iaram Sheikh discuss with the US ambassador national reconciliation project

    Search Deputy Speaker Iaram Sheikh Mohammed on Monday with the US ambassador to Iraq, [Stewart Jones] latest developments in Iraq and the region.
    According to a statement to the House of Representatives received by all of Iraq [where] a copy of the "Sheikh Mohammed received the US ambassador in his office in Baghdad and discussed with him the latest developments on the Iraqi arena and security developments and the ongoing war with al Daash terrorist, and what are the events in the region, and the importance of success national reconciliation project to ensure the participation of all Iraqi factions in the political process. "
    He Iaram Sheikh Mohammed, the US ambassador to the need to expedite the implementation of a close political agreement and abide by the terms, adding that the House of Representatives is determined to pass the state budget for the year 2015 as soon as possible and the importance of reducing costs and finding other sources of funding other than oil, and find quick solutions to end the austerity in the country ".
    For his part, Stuart Jones, according to the statement expressed his happiness for this meeting, stressing the continuation of bilateral relations between Baghdad and Washington, and US support for the Iraqi government and the Kurdistan region and the importance of adhering to the agreement concluded between the province and the center ".anthy


    Iraq is looking forward to the role of the United Nations for the success of reconciliation

    Twilight News President Fuad Masum / said Monday that Iraq is looking forward to the role of the United Nations for the success of the national reconciliation in the country.
    The infallible speaks during a meeting with a representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolai Miladinov, who confirmed that the United Nations in connection with the proposal to hold an international conference to demonstrate the importance of national reconciliation in Iraq.
    According to a statement to the Office of the infallible Word for "Twilight News", the two sides discussed the role of the UN to help Iraq, particularly in light of the current conditions and the presence of large numbers of displaced people and displaced.
    The two sides also discussed the need for Iraq to support and advice of the United Nations for the success of the national reconciliation project.
    Masum said that "Iraq is looking forward to the role of the International Mission for the success of this important national project," and expressed his appreciation for "the role of the mission in this regard."
    The President of the Republic on the need for "reconciliation is accomplished on the basis of objective and fruitful."
    For his part, Miladinov explained that "the aim of the visit was to exchange views on the draft national reconciliation and practical ways to make it a success," stressing "the importance of the president's role in the collection of the row and the convergence of views to strengthen national unity," according to the statement.
    Miladinov and pointed out that "the United Nations in connection with the proposal to hold an international conference to demonstrate the importance of national reconciliation for all spectra of the Iraqi people."
    The new "United Nations stuck in their relentless pursuit to provide all forms of assistance in order to consolidate national reconciliation and unity, as well as to alleviate the suffering of displaced persons and displaced persons in all areas."
    Through Miladinov delighted "to start a new phase of relations between the federal government and the Kurdistan Regional Government and the design of the two parties in order to install understanding the judge to end the outstanding problems."
    Iraq seeks to make reconciliation between its components and overcome deep differences prevailed over the past years and contributed to the worsening security tensions and political differences.


    Abadi Jubouri Najafi seeking reconciliation project and implementation constraints paper political agreement

    Tuesday, 27 January 2 / January 2015 12:52

    Search Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and Parliament Speaker Salim al-Jubouri and Vice President Osama Najafi in a joint meeting of the national reconciliation project and implementation constraints paper political agreement which formalized the government.
    A statement by the Office of Jubouri released today by the Agency has received all of Iraq [where] a copy of the Abadi Jubouri Najafi "met yesterday in the House Speaker's office in the presence of ministerial and parliamentary bloc of the Alliance of Iraqi forces."
    Jubouri said according to the statement that "some blocks feel that many of the items contained in the document the political agreement have not been implemented, which will affect the political positions of those blocks."
    He added that "Iraq today is in the process of approving the budget and at the same time moving towards national reconciliation project which is necessitated by the Prime Minister to attend to discuss, among other problematic issues and to stand in front of the reasons for the delay and the delay in those items and ways to overcome the obstacles."
    As the President of the House of Representatives that "the meeting touched on the problem of displaced persons and the need to find a real and clear solutions which amounts to the displaced clearly allocated in the budget, in addition to discuss the security situation thoroughly and, in particular, the negative effects of the military operations that affect innocent people, whether to demolish houses or burned." it's over



    Jumaili legislation calls for the laws regarding national reconciliation

    Wednesday, December 28 2 / January 2015 08:40

    Called on the Speaker of the House adviser for national reconciliation and unity Jumaili, a set of laws legislation on national reconciliation, prove its good intentions of government agencies that have adopted the reconciliation initiative.
    She Jumaili in a statement received by all of Iraq [where], a copy of it today, "There are a lot of initiatives launched by international bodies and UN local and the other about national reconciliation, and today have the initiative of UN-sponsored initiative other government-sponsored three presidencies, in order to put roadmap for national reconciliation. "
    "We do not need today to conferences or initiatives regarding reconciliation, but we need to prove its good intentions of government agencies that have adopted the national reconciliation initiative, through legislation, a set of laws to ensure that the civil rights of the citizens of innocent and defenseless in the conflict areas and the preservation of the lives and property of the people through These laws or decisions. "
    Jumaili confirmed the need to "investigate and document the political agreement and the approval of a general amnesty and the achievement of the national balance and help the displaced and the enactment of the National Guard law provisions."
    The prime minister Haider al-Abadi, and House Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, and Vice President Osama Najafi, discussed on Tuesday, in a joint meeting of the national reconciliation project and implementation constraints paper political agreement which formalized the government.
    A statement by the Office of the al-Jubouri, received [where], a copy of "al-Jubouri said that, Iraq today is in the process of approving the budget goes on at the same time toward the national reconciliation project, which necessitated by the Prime Minister to attend to discuss inter and problematic issues to stand in front of the reasons for the delay and the delay in Those items and ways to overcome obstacles ".anthy

    National Reconciliation Must Take Into Account The Interests of All Iraqi Parties

    28/01/2015 8:34

    BAGHDAD / NINA / The head of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, Ammar al-Hakim said "national reconciliation must take into account the interests of all components of the Iraqi parties and assured their fears.

    A statement of the Islamic Supreme Council quoted Hakim as saying during a meeting with the delegation of the international Finnish Organization CMI of management crisis and conflict headed by former Ambassador of the European Union in Iraq (Elka Antero) that "reconciliation must deal with social and other problems and develop appropriate solutions for the post-Daash."

    For their part, members of the international delegation appreciated proposals and ideas of al-Hakim on national reconciliation in Iraq, stressing the keenness of the organization to put the potentials and expertise to resolve conflicts and promote reconciliation in Iraq, ".

    NOTE :

    " differences between the blocs on the budget, a claim the National Alliance to reduce the number of grades to PDF crowd in the liberated areas and refused to force the Union that the insistence of the federal government to be exported each product oil through the Sumo and the objection of the Kurdistan region it with the claim of the National Alliance allocated 25 billion dinars as expenditure for the Presidency Republic in the national reconciliation file ".


    Araji calls for research into the causes of the failure of the previous reconciliation conferences and make 2015 a year

    21 Show January 29, 2015 16:56

    (Independent) ... called on Deputy Prime Minister Bahaa al-Araji to make the current 2015 year for "genuine national reconciliation," while urging the research into the causes of the failure of previous conferences.
    They said in a statement received by the (independent) on Thursday, "We hear the recent initiatives of the conferences of national reconciliation, if we were looking for genuine national reconciliation, we have to look two important issues," noting that "the first issue include the reasons for previous conferences that deal with national reconciliation failure ".
    Araji added that "The second issue is that the reconciliation of the base to start the top of the pyramid and not vice versa," calling that "everyone is the slogan for 2015 in genuine national reconciliation."
    The representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations in Iraq, Nikolai Miladinov announced in January 26, 2015 that the United Nations in connection with the proposal to hold an international conference to demonstrate the importance of national reconciliation for all spectra of the Iraqi people.
    Seeking politicians, and activists and specialists Iraqis to activate the launch of a new initiative for national reconciliation between the political parties participating in the government and opponents of the political parties and armed groups, and to identify clear and practical steps to the trends of reconciliation in the light of the challenges faced by Iraq after the emergence of risk Daash.
    Participants stressed in a panel discussion in Souhail Cultural Council was held in Baghdad on Thursday evening with the participation of Finnish organization to manage global crises on the importance of standardizing the Iraqi ranks and embark Platform real action on the ground and the drafting of a new draft laws to promote national reconciliation.
    Confirmed Ambassador Safia al-Suhail, the head of Europe Department at the Iraqi Foreign Ministry and sponsor Cultural Council, during the meeting on the need for something like a brainstorming for all in order to determine the next phase mechanisms to get to the real project of reconciliation and overcome all differences of the past because of the presence of what is the most dangerous of them, a threat terrorist Daash long tyranny all Iraqi factions.
    For his part, Ilkka Ositalu, Executive Director of the Organization of Finnish crisis management said, and previously headed the United Nations Mission for Iraq from 2006 to 2009 in the meeting: we seek to communicate with the formal and informal institutions in Iraq in order to develop a formula for cooperation in future programs to achieve reconciliation, also seek to Ajarat Iraqi women in decision-making and political decision-making in support of the reconciliation project operations.
    He added: There is an effective and a great program for the activation of national reconciliation, and perhaps new and more importantly, where is the risk Daash so we send out our work in accordance with the three frameworks is to support dialogue and diagnose those responsible and activated, and the second is to train persons involved in dialogue on ways of effective and positive dialogue, and the third is to diagnose problems and then conflict resolution and prevention.
    Mohammed Salman, the Iraqi prime minister's advisor for national reconciliation, he explained in his speech that the three presidencies in Iraq on the verge of completion of the initiative will mature soon be launched at a conference attended by political figures, including figures from the armed opposition and political opponents, and can be described as one of the finest initiatives so far, and if It was agreed to its principles will form a committee representing everyone to take decisions and put them into effect.
    In turn, MP Hisham Suhail, chairman of the reconciliation committee in the Iraqi parliament, that the earth today are available for reconciliation more than ever because of threats (terrorist Daash) (...) as if everyone agreed on the gravity of Iraq and the world.
    The cult, Presidential Advisor for Security Affairs, believes that national reconciliation constitute the mainstay in the construction of the new political system, because the transition from authoritarian to democratic system requires national unity.
    He continued: first our principle of national reconciliation is to reduce the front affected by the previous regime, provided non-infringement of the rights of those affected by the system, pointing out that there is a difference between opposition to the political process and unrecognized, and we now have the perspective of moderate toward opponents.
    She stressed d. Unit Jumaili, Advisor to the President for National Reconciliation, during her speech at the meeting on the importance of real political will for reconciliation, as well as the presence of people and projects to implement laws to begin with.
    MP Hamid al-Mutlaq said: Today we need the concept of the true values ​​of citizenship, and amending laws have already begun, but that does not respect the human right to life, including the Justice and Accountability secret informant laws and Article 4 terrorism, which offended many people due to poor application.
    He concluded the meeting by Dr. Amer Al-Fayad, Dean of the Faculty of Political Science at the University of Baghdad, saying that reconciliation is a political process par excellence, and not otherwise, and it must create accessories, such as the law of parties, which prohibits affiliated militias underneath and ensure fair elections to choose their leaders, as well as that be funded known to all. (end)


    Doubts about the announcement by the Government not to engage Abadi wanted to spend the National Reconciliation Conference

    29-01-2015 05:33 PM

    The Iraqi government announced a national reconciliation conference in Baghdad, said a spokesman for the prime minister's media office tributary Jabouri Thursday that Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi drew attention to the need for good preparations for the conference, stressing that the conference would not include wanted to eliminate.
    But observers Iraqis questioned the validity of the declaration of al-Abadi's office not to engage the politicians wanted to spend in this conference, and said that all indications are that the conference will be held to hold behind-the-scenes political deals for whitening judicial pages to some wanted to eliminate before allowing them to participate in the current government.
    Jabouri said in a press statement that 'continuous work in order to prepare for a conference in national reconciliation sponsored and organized the prime minister in Baghdad', noting that 'the United Nations play a supportive role. "
    He stressed that Jabouri 'conference would not include those who are wanted to eliminate', adding that 'This file is the prerogative of the judiciary and not approach Abadi interference in the work of other authorities'.
    For his part, predicted a political observer in comments to the Agency 'news' that the contract Abadi political deals wanted to engage the Iraqi judiciary in the upcoming conference.
    The observer, who declined to be named, that the Abadi seeks to hold this conference to get concessions from some Sunni political leaders to engage the guys they wanted to spend in the current government, and warned observer Sunni politicians from making concessions to their publics interest which were elected by and wait for them political achievements Account and social and economic.
    It is said that news reports had indicated that the 'head of the Supreme Judicial Council, Medhat al-Mahmoud, received a notice to end the cases brought against some politicians to whitewash judicial pages in preparation for re-politically output' as described by the reports.


    President stresses necessity of implementing National Reconciliation project

    Saturday, 31 January 2015 11:55

    Baghdad (AIN) –The President, Fuad Masoum, stressing the necessity of implanting the National Reconciliation project in Iraq to consolidate the unity among the Iraqis.


    Iraq's president and Hakim stresses the need to expedite the enactment of the budget in 2015


    The statement added that "the two sides stressed the importance of efforts for the success needed to achieve national reconciliation, which will contribute to the eradication of terrorism and ward off the threat from Iraq and its people the steps."


    Chairman of the House of Representatives calls for the Council of Ministers to speed up the approval of the General Amnesty Law

    The head of the House of Representatives, Dr. Salim al-Jubouri, on Saturday, the Council of Ministers to speed up passage of the amnesty law and send it to the council for discussion and voting on it has to be one of the foundations of reconciliation project which seeks him everyone.



    Finance Committee: one paragraph may hinder the approval of the budget in 2015

    BAGHDAD - Iraq Press - February 3: A member of the parliamentary finance committee, Majida al-Tamimi, "The year's budget law in 2015, sent yesterday, to the presidency in order to ratify it," afterthought said, "but we expect it to hinder the Commission and the Presidency paragraph on national reconciliation allocations, amounting to 25 billion dinars, it is possible that it is being adjusted. "

    She Tamimi, said that "there are questions that to whom will return the money, and will it be to the presidency in general or to the President directly, or to one of his deputies?" Indicating that "the presidency is demanding that the allocations However, President of the Republic, one of you will allocated to one of his deputies because he does not yet specified deputy responsible for national reconciliation, and here lies the problem will be discussed upon and could be adjusted after the agreed upon prior to the completion of the ratification period. "

    And wondered, "How there be reconciliation. Everyone is participating in the government? Everyone have a sovereign positions, is to be reconciliation travel and hospitality? ".




    Jumaili calls to postpone holding National Reconciliation Conference if opposes political deal document

    Wednesday, 04 February 2015 12:21

    Baghdad (AIN) –The Advisor of the Parliament Speaker for the National Reconciliation project, Wihda al-Jumaili, called not to hold the conference for the National Reconciliation in Baghdad if it opposes the political deal document.

    She stated in a press statement received by AIN "The political sides implemented many articles of the political deal document starting from voting on the National Guards law and the Justice and Accountability law."

    "If the National Reconciliation conference does not help in implementing the political deals articles, it will not benefit the political process in Iraq and therefore; should ( NOT ? ) be held," she concluded.


    Last edited by chattels; 02-21-2015 at 06:18 AM.

  4. #4

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015

    Reconciliation file

    February 10, 2015 12:20

    Sam Naaman
    Hrakat reform, dialogue and reconciliation became the de necessarily known for frequent parroted through the media, and the many speeches that Itana by those, not to mention the allocation of one of the Vice President for national reconciliation, a d. Iyad Allawi.
    The most important event is the statement of the Prime Minister putting the finishing touches to the National Reconciliation Conference will be held in Baghdad in February, current, called his opponents at home and abroad, except Who is required to spend in general or criminal cases.
    National reconciliation day become a very urgent need to re social cohesion and the elimination of dissonant voices that now dominates positions.
    Talk about national reconciliation and mobility between the parties different enjoined the challenge faced by our country and in particular of the organization Daash terrorist, and can not be ignored that the issue of reconciliation was one of the priorities of the vertebrae and the political reform document or paper rights demanded by the Iraqi forces union and ensure the formation of a government Abadi program.
    Here is a question that how can activate reconciliation seriously, what are the mechanisms, and how they can overcome the rhetoric to action to achieve the desired effect?
    This time it is a different issue at the helm of reconciliation was one of the opponents of the previous government, and who is at the helm now can communicate with him, unlike his predecessor, al-Maliki, and there is a real political will for reconciliation through a series of attempts on the ground that the citizen can feel it.
    The next phase of the requirements of the need to open up to all the components and the various sects and creeds in order to get out of the bottleneck that has brought the country to the successive crises and succession, not the suffering of displaced persons and humanitarian displaced far from the heads of the Iraqi political decision-making.
    Of necessity also activate the reconciliation file at home and through a number of meetings and conferences, which includes the state's institutions and clans and the elimination of political sectarianism and modify the matter, justice and the release of detainees and modify the amnesty law and the effective implementation of the decisions of these bills and voted on by the House of Representatives as soon as possible the law.
    It remains to say that the President of the House of Representatives had put forward an initiative for dialogue with the opposition forces abroad, under the auspices of the United Nations after the Arbil conference, which was boycotted by several internal and external parties.
    Congress may bear fruit in the light of what we see understandings rise to the degree of complementarity of the three presidencies before waiting for a reflection on the political reality and then to the community and not so long ago.



    Jubouri and Allawi Parliament to follow up the implementation of the political agreements.
    12/02/2015 13:50

    BAGHDAD / Nina /--Speaker Saleem al-Jubouri, confirmed during his meeting today with Vice President Iyad Allawi, that parliament determine to follow up the implementation of the political agreement according to a chronically which has been agreed upon .

    Speaker also discussed with Allawi the latest developments in the political and security situations, file of national reconciliation and ways to develop cooperation between the parliament and the presidency of the republic.

    A statement by the Office of the al-Jubouri, "The two sides also discussed the National Guard and accountability and justice laws as well as the rest of the document and the terms of the political agreements" .


    Baha Naqshbandi, an official from the Islamic party of Iraq, said that national reconciliation is the only solution for Iraq’s current woes.

    “Upon the cabinet formation, we agreed on this issue, but we want practical steps in this regard,” he said, adding that only true reconciliation would guarantee the exiled leaders’ return.

    Naqshbandi said that the cases of Hashimi, isawi, and exiled Sunni MP Ahmed al-Alwani must be resolved.

    He added that national reconciliation means more than just talks and meetings. “Abadi must take practical steps this time,” he warned.

    However, Maliki’s State of Law coalition insisted that national reconciliation should not be linked to Hashimi’s case.

    Lawmaker Mahmood Sayhood form State of Law told Rudaw: “We must differentiate between national reconciliation and Hashimi’s case.”

    He said that “national reconciliation is crucial at this stage when Iraq is facing a great threat from ISIS extremists. We need to join all of our visions and efforts.”


    Reconciliation Committee to hold comprehensive reconciliation conference

    Sunday, 15 February 2015 12:21

    Baghdad (AIN) –The Parliamentary Reconciliation Committee announced holding a comprehensive reconciliation conference.

    MP, Mohammed Naji, of the Reconciliation Committee stated to AIN "The Reconciliation Committee held several meetings to prepare for holding a comprehensive reconciliation conference to bring all sides in one meeting by making use of the victories achieved by the Iraqi Security Forces and the volunteers and to prepare for the next phase in the political process in Iraq."

    Comment : WHEN ?????????????????????? - chattels
    Last edited by chattels; 02-21-2015 at 06:21 AM.

  5. #5

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015


    TODAY : " It is expected that the dollar sales decline in the auction for this year, according to the law of the state budget, which began in Parliament on 29 January last, and ratified by the Presidency of the Republic on 10 February and this will be put into effect when published in the Official Gazette."


    The president of the republic approves budget bill.

    10/02/2015 12:00

    BAGHDAD / Nina /-- President Fuad Masum approved the federal budget bill today . ( * PAST TUESDAY )

    The House of Representatives has approved the federal budget for 2015 law late last month at $ 119 trillion dinars with a deficit of 25 trillion dinars.


    "Obelisk" published the text of the 2015 Balancing Act

    Published "obelisk" the text of the last voter Budgeting Act by the House of Representatives.

    Behalf of the people


    Resolution No. ()

    Based on what passed the House of Representatives, according to the provisions of subsection (I) of Article (61), *

    * [Article 61: The Council of Representatives shall be competent in the following: First: Enacting federal laws.]

    item (iii) of Article (73) of the Constitution.*

    * [ Article 73: The President of the Republic shall assume the following powers: Third: To ratify and issue the laws enacted by the Council of Representatives. Such
    laws are considered ratified after fifteen days from the date of receipt by the President ]

    President of the Republic decided on / / 2015 ( * SEE ABOVE DATE FOR RATIFICATION BY PRESIDENT MASOUM )

    Issued the following law:

    Law No. () for the year / 2015

    The general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq for the financial year / 2015 Act

    ((Chapter I))

    - Revenue -

    Article 1

    First of all:

    A general budget estimated revenues of the Federal fiscal year / 2015 in the amount of (94,048,364,139) thousand dinars (ninety-four thousand eighty-four billion) as shown in (Table / A - revenue according to the counter) attached to this law.

    (B) calculation of the revenues derived from the export of crude oil based on the average price of $ 56 dollars per barrel and the rate of export of (3300000) barrels per day (three million three hundred thousand barrels per day), including 250,000) barrels per day (two hundred and fifty thousand barrels per day) for amounts Crude oil produced in the province of Kurdistan and (300,000) barrels (three hundred thousand barrels per day) for quantities of crude oil produced by the province of Kirkuk, and that all revenue actually permanently revenue of the public treasury of the state to account.

    Second: - The ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry to register all monetary amounts of the grants received by the income once the public treasury of the Federal under the memoranda of understanding with foreign governments or institutions and the Federal Ministry of Finance re-allocated for the purposes of which was awarded for it in coordination with the Federal Ministry of Planning.

    Third: -

    Restrict the amount of donations given to the ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry after the acceptance of the Federal Minister of Finance income once the public treasury of the Federal, that the Federal Minister of Finance allocated to the ministry credits or entity is associated with the Ministry of the Exchange in accordance with the purposes for which was granted for it.

    Fourth: -

    Restrict the amount of grants or contributions by governments and institutions, foreign to the ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry or the provinces and provincial councils under the memoranda of understanding income once the Treasury whether these grants and donations whether in the form of technical assistance or the implementation of projects that are under Akiemha speculative in ministry records or organization is not related to the Ministry or the regions and provinces and provincial councils animate the relationship and be accepting cash donations or in-kind and reallocation coordination between beneficiaries and all of the planning and finance ministries federated.

    Fifth: -

    The grants and subsidies unused allocated to government departments and public sector companies the end of the financial year / 2014 in accordance with the accounting standards used to calculate the final exchange amounts amounts calculated and considered surplus or paid amounts in excess along these lines down payment allocated to the Department of the grant or unit in the fiscal year / Account 2015.

    ((Chapter II))

    - Expenses and Aladz-

    Article 2

    First expenses: -

    Allocated amount (119585322783) thousand dinars (one hundred and nineteen thousand five hundred and eighty-five billion and three hundred and twenty-two million, seven hundred and Eighty-three thousand dinars) for the expenses of the financial year / 2015 distributed according to (expenses field / 3 total) of the (Table / b expenditure by ministries) attached to this law.

    A sum of $ (41991214070) thousand dinars (Forty-one thousand nine hundred and Ninety-one billion two hundred and fourteen million, seventy thousand dinars) for the expenses of projects distributed according to (field / 2- expenses of the investment projects) of the (Table / b expenditure by ministries) attached to this law .

    (B) an amount of (77594108713) thousand dinars (Seventy-seven thousand five hundred and ninety-four billion one hundred and eight million, seven hundred and thirteen thousand dinars) for ongoing expenses in accordance with the (field / 1- current expenditures of the (Table / b expenditure by ministries) attached to this law.

    (C) The sum of (125000000) thousand dinars (one hundred and twenty-five billion dinars) contingency reserve within the provisions of other expenses to the budget of the Federal Ministry of Finance out of the assignments mentioned in item (i - b) referred to above.

    (D) The sum of (3500000000) thousand dinars (three thousand and five hundred billion dinars (l) the reconstruction and development of the regions and provinces projects including Kurdistan) out of the allocations referred to in clause (i / a) of Article (2) above is distributed according to the number of residents each province. And implemented as follows: -

    1. Conservative provide reconstruction conservative districts, counties plan has been approved by the Provincial Council of depending on the plans by the district councils and respects to the Federal Ministry of Planning for the purpose of examination and approval on the most sensitive areas affected within the province and to be distributed to maintain the district allocations aspects associated according to population ratios after excluding strategic projects that benefit more than one hand or eliminate not exceed the cost of the new strategic projects for 20% of the province allocations.

    2. The conservative exclusively implementation of the reconstruction plan approved and the provincial council responsible for monitoring implementation.

    E - depends amount equal to $ 2 for every barrel of crude oil producer in the province, and (2) a dollar for every barrel of crude oil refined in refineries conservative and (2) a dollar for every 150 cubic meters of natural gas producer in the province, and to allocate an amount of (1752237651) thousand dinars (one thousand seven hundred and fifty-two billion two hundred and thirty-seven million six hundred and fifty and one thousand dinars) as projects to the provinces and territories from producer continued allocations referred to in clause (i a-) of Article (2) above and the amount the remainder of the amount (1752237651) thousand dinars (one thousand seven hundred and two and fifty billion, two hundred and thirty-seven million six hundred and fifty and one thousand dinars) and the runway within the table (and) attached to this law shall be disbursed to keep producing at check increase in the source of crude oil revenues and the governor after the provincial council approval right to dispose of and use, including not more than (50%) of the allocations referred to above for the purpose of importing electric energy or the provision of services to maintain and clean and ongoing expenses, according to the needs of the province, and the priority spending areas hardest hit by the production and oil filter and environmental protection projects, and through the conduct transfers required coordination with each of the finance and planning ministries federated, to be adjustments computational after audited by the Office of Federal Financial Supervision in the budget of the following year for the purpose of securing teams (3) dollars for the remaining share of each province produced.

    Second: the deficit:

    A. The total planned deficit of the general budget of the Federal fiscal year / 2015 (25401235783) thousand dinars (twenty five thousand four hundred and one billion two hundred and thirty-five million, seven hundred and Eighty-three thousand dinars) and cover the deficit of the internal and external borrowing and amounts retained cash in the Ministry of Finance account Federal savings rate is expected to increase the sale of the source of crude oil prices or increase exports of crude oil, according to the details set forth in the following (Table 1): -

    (B) authorizes the Federal Minister of Finance to continue to borrow for the purpose of bridging the projected deficit in the federal budget of: -

    1. The International Monetary Fund, complementing the amount of (4.5) billion dollars (four billion five hundred million dollars).

    2. World Bank, complementing the $ 2 billion dollars (two billion dollars) during the year / 2015 allocated of which $ 355 million dollars to the Ministry of Construction and Housing for the purpose of financing highway traffic.

    3. The use of the Special Drawing Rights of up to SDR (1.8) billion dollars (one billion, eight hundred million dollars).

    4. domestic borrowing, including issuing orders and Treasury bonds.

    (C) authorize the Ministry of Finance to borrow an amount (500000000) dollars (five hundred million dollars) from the Islamic Development Bank to allocate an amount of (225 million) dollars (two hundred and twenty-five million dollars) to the Ministry of Construction and Housing for the purpose of financing the rehabilitation of Highway No. 1 / and that the remaining amount is used for projects other ministries in agreement with the Islamic Development Bank.

    Third: - is related to the Ministry and allocations contingency reserve amounting be financed remaining allocations of current expenditures, including the ruling sovereign expenditures of the ministries and agencies (18150865022) thousand dinars (eighteen thousand, one hundred and fifty billion eight hundred and sixty-five million and twenty-two thousand dinars) and distributed in accordance with the table (and ) attached to this law when you check extra cash for increasing amounts of crude oil exports, the source or the increase in the selling price of crude oil source.

    ((Chapter III))

    - General and Final Provisions -

    Article 3

    Limits the exchange of credits main accounts of expenses (compensation of employees, supplies services, intermediate goods, asset maintenance, capital expenditures, grants, subsidies and debt service, interest and other expenses, commitments and contributions and foreign aid, special programs, social welfare) and the expenses of the projects approved in the general budget of the Federal Republic Iraq by the Federal Minister of Finance, and the concerned minister or the head of the body is related to the Ministry, purses or head of the provincial power exchange Council directly in the light of the Allocations within the annual budget and for the purposes specified under the spending approved by the Federal Minister of Finance may not enter into a commitment to certifying plan more than what is intended in the federal budget.

    Article 4

    (Transfers) to the Ministry of Finance to take what it takes to make transfers, as follows (Table 2):

    First: the reallocation amounts in the table below

    Second: Add revenue derived from the sale of crude oil to refineries and government revenue of entering into the state treasury Bmekdr 1642 billion dinars.

    Third: the transmission of the amounts contained in the first item on the following table (Table 3):

    8102 + 1642 to 6152.25 = 3591.75 rest (reduce the budget)

    Third, are reduced to the total expenditures in the general budget for 2015 of $ (3591.75) billion dinars.

    Article - 5

    First: Federal Minister of Finance the power to conduct transfers between funds the general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq ratified in the annual federal budget at the level of the doors, sections and chapters and articles, species and sequence type and for each individual case, has the right to authorize the ministers and heads of departments not related to the Ministry, governors and heads of provincial non-boards associated with the province the power to make transfers between funds the federal budget of the Republic of Iraq approved in the federal budget annual rate not to exceed 5% (five percent) from the exchange of the unity of the other exchange is reduced allocations except for credits of investment projects, taking into account the provisions of subsection (8) section (9) of the Financial Administration Act No. (95) for the year / 2004 that Ataatm transfers of capital project expenditure allocations to current expenditures.

    Second: The Minister of Finance is committed to coordination with the Minister of Planning and put tight controls to limit the waste of funds through transfers between the sections and the sections and chapters of the budget and orders parts for construction contracts.

    Article 6

    (A) to the Prime Minister and the Federal Minister of Finance of the Federal common amounts approved for use (contingency reserve) set forth in item (i / c) of Article (2) of the Act for the payment of necessary expenses after running out of this law, if there is an urgent need to spend without being restricted ( domestic spending) and the lack of allocation to cover this need Reduction (3) billion dinars (three billion dinars) for each case, and if the amount exceeds the limit mentioned rely Cabinet approval of the federal proposal of the Federal Minister of Finance and the Federal Minister of Finance to prepare regulations for the use of the contingency reserve allocations within the Implementing Regulations annual federal budget.

    (B) the Ministry of Finance to provide a quarterly report expenses contingency reserve to the House of Representatives.

    Article -7-

    First: -tstkhaddm approved in this Act appropriations for up to 31 / December of the fiscal year / 2015.

    Second: -takid the income earned during the fiscal year 2015 revenue of the federal public budget until 12/31/2015, either income received after the end of the financial year / 2015 are recorded revenue of the general budget of the federal fiscal year / 2016.

    -8-Article shall not make any transfers within the allocations (reconstruction and development projects regions and provinces) between the provinces.

    Article - 9. authorizes the Minister of Municipalities and Public Works validity of federal transfers between own resources to the budgets of municipal institutions within the same province and conduct transfers within the goods and services account for each municipality Foundation.

    Article - 10

    First: - define the Kurdistan region's share (17%) of the seventeen percent of the total expenditures shown in (Table / e. Expenditures ruling) attached to this law and paid by the Federal Ministry of Finance.

    Second: -

    The proportion (17%) Seventeen percent of the Kurdistan region of actual total expenditure (current expenditures and expenses of the investment projects) of the general budget of the Federal Republic of Iraq ratified after excluding expenses of the sovereign (the House of Representatives, the Presidency, Council of Ministers, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, the Federal Court, the Electoral Commission, the Justice and Accountability, Property Claims Commission, Office of the Inspector General Property Claims, the Integrity Commission, Office of Financial Supervision, the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, wage negotiations and legal claims of debt, wages scrutiny of international auditing firm, and the Committee of Financial Experts , contributing to the cost of crude oil production source, the benefits of World Bank loans, the benefits of IMF loans, interest on other foreign loans, interest on the public treasury transfers bonds, bond interest to extinguish the external debt of the private sector, the amounts of Arab and international contributions, travel Directorate expenses and citizenship and leadership border forces and projects of the border crossing points, the National Security Council, the debt settlement abroad, wages for transporting crude oil source via Turkey, premiums bilateral agreements with the Paris Club countries and countries outside the Paris Club, the benefits of premium bilateral agreements with the Paris Club countries and countries outside the club Paris, the payment of the value of the versions of the old treasury transfers, cash settlement small private sector debt abroad, co-financing, port projects, railway projects, dam projects, project management atmosphere, premiums IMF loans, premiums World Bank loans and receivables Arab Monetary Fund for the restructuring of Iraq's debts Convention).

    Quotas governorates not organized in the region by taking into account the number of inhabitants of the total expenditures shown in (Table / d expenditures ruling) attached to this law after excluding share amounting to the Kurdistan region (17%).

    Fourth: -and an increase or decrease in the total federal budget added or expenses reduce the share of the Kurdistan proportionally province with the increase or decrease, taking into account the provisions of clauses (II, III) of this Article, including modifications that take place on sovereign expenditure and the ruling from the transfer of allocations to General expenses by the same percentage mentioned above and the Federal Ministry of Finance to hold settlement calculates the share of the Kurdistan region in the light of the actual expenses for prior years shown by the final accounts approved by the Federal Office of Financial Supervision.

    Fifth: - allocating a percentage of allocations of federal land forces of the Iraqi army to the Peshmerga forces according to population ratios as part of the Iraqi security system.

    Article - 11

    First: - (a) The Federal Office of Financial Supervision in coordination with the Office of Financial Supervision of the Kurdistan region of calculating and determining federal income withdrawn in the region this year and the Ministry of Finance in the region to transfer to the Federal Ministry of Finance monthly.

    (B) are the settlement of dues between the province and the federal government for the years 2004 to 2014 and subsequent years after its audited by the BSA in agreement with the Federal Audit Court of the province.

    Second - when the failure of the province to pay federal income withdrawn to the public treasury of the Federal Ministry of Finance to deduct the federal quota under clause (i) of this Article equivalent to the planned revenue in the federal budget and conducting settlement calculations later.

    Third: - If you do not fulfill any party (the federal government - the Kurdistan Regional Government) oil or financial obligations agreed to in this budget, the other party is also bound to fulfilling its obligations or oil was financial.

    Article - 12

    Re-examined in the share of the Kurdistan region and governorates not organized in a region in the federal budget for the year / 2015 and beyond in light of the results of the census and the census for the year / 2015 to be in the light of determining the actual amount of the share of the region or province is part of a region in the federal budget for the year / 2016 and display the difference on the Federal Minister for settlement.

    Article -13-

    First: - comply with federal ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry of B (Table / c) the number of manpower for the ministries and departments centrally funded for the year / 2015 to the present law and the Federal Minister of Finance at the request of the ministry or organization is not related to the Ministry, the validity of the introduction of grades and modify angel output what comes : -

    A development of the grades covered by the political separation by re politicians dismissed Law No. 24 of 2005 as amended.

    (B) the development of scores of varieties developed in the ministries and departments not related to the Ministry and enacting a law after the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers and authentication that is being mandated insurance through transfers of current within each ministry or expenditure side is linked to the Ministry.

    C - the introduction of grades for the purpose of installing contractors to permanent staffing exception from the requirement old who contracted exclusively within the operating budget and increase the contractual services to three years and promote their transactions as of 01/07/2015 that does not entail any financial consequences that retroactively with buyout National savings if proofed by the increase in salaries and be the priority of the contractors who have been audited Adaberhm of committees formed for this purpose in accordance with the customs clearance No. 53 of 2013 issued by the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers.

    (D) contractual service counted for the purposes of the service contract and the bonus and promotion for each tenured after 9/4/2003 in all state departments, which worked out before proofed, that does not entail any financial consequences retroactively.

    E re dismissed against the backdrop of security incidents majoring 5000 degrees and careers of scores of existing originally allocated to the Ministry of the Interior.

    F proves contractors with the Independent High Electoral Commission in the registration centers exclusively who have contractual service until 1/3/2010 more than six months that the 1,200 contractor does not exceed the requirement not to have had to owners of one of the state departments disconnected or decision of the Commission investigative, from within the allocations included in the compensation of employees in the door of his agenda and transfers the remaining amount of 68.381 billion dinars for the project barometric, to prove to the rest of them when contractors provide financial abundance.

    (F) the introduction of grades and the addition of the financial allocations when approving the National Guard law and be the nucleus of the popular crowd formed, an exception to Article 23 / II of the Act.

    Third: - ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry is committed to announcing the grades developed within the angel of the year / 2015 in the local newspaper with a commitment to proportions of the population in each province, taking into account to determine the percentage (10%) of the grades developed for the year / 2015 for the purpose of the appointment of the families of martyrs, prisoners and covered by the law political prisoners and their families Foundation average / 35 for the year / 2013 with terrorism, including at least 5% of the

    Grades developed for the purpose of appointment of university graduates (PhD and Master's)

    Fourth: -

    A prevents the appointment of employees in government departments all manner contract with the possibility of renewal of the previous decades in the case of a need to renew these contracts.

    (B) The provisions of paragraph (a) above contract with workers in new investment projects and water plants, sewage and electricity, as instructed by the implementation of the federal budget for the year / 2015 in addition to contracting with experts and owners of competencies in the case of hiring retired conduct monthly grant for their services does not exceed one million dinars In addition to the pension ..

    Article -14-

    First: the ministries and departments not associated with the Ministry prior coordination with the provinces when selecting projects and issued each ministry or institution not linked to the Ministry of distribution projects plan and learn provinces by and abide by the proportions of population prescribed for each province to ensure the equitable distribution except for strategic projects that benefit the most from the province and lack of overlap between the Projects included in the regional development plan and authorize powers of the minister to the governor on the announcement and assignment and execution of projects ministerial (Health, Municipalities and Public Works, Trade, Construction and Housing, Agriculture, Labor and Social Affairs, Culture, Youth and Sports) without the sum of (10) billion dinars (ten billion dinars ) after the redeployment of funds from the ministry account to maintain account with the exception of the proposed projects for the year / 2015 for the modernization of the basic and detailed designs for the city centers and studies of structural provinces and the study of the development of the desolated areas and preservation of historical and regions areas with nature heritage and natural reserves and that are issued by the Ministries of Planning and Finance Alathaditan schedule projects concerned each province and authorizes the Minister of Finance and Planning Alathadian to issue necessary instructions to facilitate the implementation of it.

    Second, to maintain the mandate of any ministry of the federal ministries and as competent to carry out projects in that province to calculate allocations (reconstruction and development of the regions and provinces) allocated to them.

    Article - 15

    Federal Minister of Finance validity Add allocations for the purpose of extinguishing the predecessor installed from 1/1/2008 until 31/12/2012 and spent as a result of the laws of the window and after that are audited by the Federal Office of Financial Supervision and the Federal Cabinet approval on them.

    Article - 16

    The expansion of the open door of private investment and participation with the private sector by the ministries and departments not related to the Ministry and the provincial limits of competence and form for this purpose a higher committee that the Council of Ministers issued its own exceptions to the relevant laws instructions.

    Article - 17

    Federal Minister of Finance to increase appropriations and certified to cover the work of the National Center for Laboratories Construction and the National Center for Engineering Consultancy of the Ministry of Construction and Housing up to 50% of the revenue derived from the implementation of those actions exception of section one of the Financial Administration Act No. 95 of 2004 and that the cost behavior the amounts for the development centers and support technical and administrative Quadrhma.

    Article - 18 -

    First, be borrowing from the Agricultural Bank and Bank of industrial real estate and bank interest rate of 2%.

    Second: bind all of the Agricultural Bank and Real Estate Bank and the Industrial Bank and the Housing Fund distribution of loans to be granted to citizens by the population of each province according to the standards of the Constitution of the Republic of Iraq.

    Third: The Ministry of Finance the amount of interest rate amounting to 4% (four percent) of the total loans granted to the project Basmajh residential.

    Article - 19 -

    Extinguish the Court due to the Government owed by taxpayers to pay the tax due to the continuation of the official authorities to apply Article 20 of the Budget Law for the year 2008 for the period from 1/1/2009 until 31/12/2011, according to the provisions of paragraph (11) of Section IV of the Financial Administration Act No. (95) for the year 2004 average.

    Article - 20-

    A indeterminacy in any leadership positions (Director and above) unless there is a law degree at the ministry or the organizational structure of the law, according to the ministry or organization is not related to the Ministry.

    (B) cancel all leadership positions in which the legal text did not respond.

    Article - 21

    First of all-

    Shall be exempt from all duties of goods imported goods by government departments in its name and use.

    Secondly -

    The exemption covers the above goods and imported goods for government departments and the public sector from governments or donor institutions.

    Article -22-

    Dues are calculated foreign companies operating in the Kurdistan region for the purpose of extracting oil from within the region's share of $ (17%) and continue to work to do so.

    Article -23-

    First: All Communications and Media Authority for 2013 and 2014 revenues turned into the public treasury of the federal state, after deducting the amount of the expense of its own budget and approved by the trustees of the Federal Council and the Ministry of Finance.

    Second, the Communications and Media Authority compel mobile phone companies pay what it amounts and fines and financial obligations during the first half of 2015.

    Article -24-

    Does not work any decision contrary to this law nor the public treasury of the Federal bear any additional financial burdens outside the law.

    Article - 25 -

    FAFSA each of the subsidiaries for each of the Rafidain and Rasheed Bank and the Islamic Bank Alhakhma Mesopotamia Islamic window link and that the capital is moved from window to window and Mugodathma banks mentioned above to the Islamic Bank of Mesopotamia.

    Article - 26

    Cabinet authorizes the development of infrastructure projects determined on according to need ministries and provinces have no more than five (5) billion dollars and implemented on the basis of payment term and that deserves after a period of not less than (3 installment) years from the date of completion, taking into account the share the Kurdistan region of $ (17%) of the amount above.

    Article - 27 -

    The Council of Ministers set up the Supreme Council for Reconstruction and that is regulated by law within three months.

    Article -28-

    Establishes fund the reconstruction of areas devastated by terrorism and is funded by grants and international aid devoted his first sum of $ 500 billion dinars runway within a table (f) attached to this law.

    Article - 29 -

    The Federal Minister of Finance to issue stamp on behalf of displaced persons and support the reconstruction of areas devastated by terrorism and identifies exaggeration in accordance with instructions issued by the Department of Accounting Auditors collected from government departments and allocate revenue to support displaced people and fund the reconstruction of areas devastated by terrorism.

    Article - 30 -

    Committed to the ministries of electricity, telecommunications, Municipalities and Public Works of the Federal, and the Municipality of Baghdad to activate the collection of wage electricity, telephone, water, sewer and all other fees provided for under its own laws for the services provided to citizens and businesses and factories and government agencies and the public sector and the other for the purpose of increasing their own resources so as to reduce dependence on the state budget Federal.

    Article -31-

    When you transfer an employee of the Department of State services centrally funded or self to the private sector bears the ministry or organization is not related to the Ministry half his salary received by the transferee, including the department for two years from the date of transfer to the cut of his relationship with his constituency final.

    Article -32-

    Authorizes the Minister of Finance the power to enter into contracts on behalf of the Republic of Iraq to issue guarantees an interview to export and import bank in the United States for guarantees issued by financial institutions for the financial obligations, whether directly or indirectly, to finance the contract Iraqi Airways through its purchase of a number of aircraft New Civil Boink of the company and the limits of Akiem these aircraft to the dollar during the financial year / 2015.

    Article -33-

    A - the imposition of sales tax on Kartat mobilization of mobile phone networks and the Internet (20%) of the card value (15%) on the purchase of cars of all kinds and tickets and 300% on cigarettes and alcoholic beverages and the Ministry of Finance to issue the necessary instructions for the application of the provisions of this paragraph in the pan Iraq.

    (B) activating the customs tariff No. 22 of 2010 amended the law and the law of Consumer Protection No. 1 for the year 2010 and the Law on the Protection of Iraqi products No. 11 for the year 2010.

    Article - 34

    Minister of oil demand from the Prime Minister and Minister of Finance to issue remittances treasury or treasury bonds when needed to cover benefits the oil companies operating in the country that the total does not exceed the 12 billion dollars (twelve billion) by issuing one or multiple versions during the year / 2015.

    Article - 35

    The Ministry of Water Resources sale results Cree rivers and under its proceeds to the state treasury.

    Article 36

    Federal ministries and provinces committed and non-related to the Ministry of buying needs of federal ministries products that not less than the value added of these collected and processed products (25%) of the cost of import value added to them and to the local product prices are not higher than the imported counterparts by more than ( 10%), taking into account the quality and quality specifications.

    Article - 37

    For the purpose of the contribution of state employees and the public sector in the face of economic challenges and to support our security forces in securing the war requirements against terrorism is the adoption of national savings to the staff of the state system and the public sector issued by the Federal Council of Ministers and is committed to the Ministry of Finance to restore the amounts that have been saved from staff if achieved savings of Finance.

    Article - 39

    Each of the Rasheed Bank and the Rafidain Bank A - continue lending to public companies, agencies and departments self-funded, which suffers a shortage of its own resources for the purpose of salaries and allowances of its members insurance and after the bodies above provide the economic feasibility of the two when borrowing request and that the two banks to schedule repayment of loans granted to the points above and for the same purpose and granted to the two above since / 2010 and the end of the year / 2015, which has not been paid so far, according to a timetable as of the date 01.01.2016 up with scheduling the payment of treasury transfers, which were awarded in 2012 and 2013 and 2014 to all of the real property Claims Commission and the Bretton prisoners and martyrs.

    Article -39-

    Authorizes the Council of Ministers established the Foundation guarantee deposits of citizens in government and private banks to be regulated by law.

    Article - 40-

    The Minister of Finance Compensation entitlements exchange one batch of dedicated public budget for 2015 amount resolutions approved and gained class peremptory according to compensate the property affected by the previous regime Law No. (16) for the year 2010 and to all the provinces, including Kurdistan that the Ministry of Finance does not exceed the disbursement period stipulated in the law and that the exchange is in accordance with the priorities of temporal sequences of the date of approval.

    Article -41-

    Calculated body the popular crowd allocations to ensure the involvement of 0.5% of the population of each province and Iraqi administrative unit level spend hand, including (the districts of Baghdad belt, North Babylon, Anbar, Salah al-Din, Diyala, Nineveh, Kirkuk (Hawija and Bashir and areas controlled by by terrorism) except Kurdistan region, taking into consideration the numbers located currently enrolled after 10- 6- 2014 to be among share their provinces, taking into account the balance of all the provinces and the work of the popular crowd in coordination with the security and military forces and the Peshmerga forces in the disputed areas, the The transmission of the popular crowd allocations to the National Guard system if the adoption law (to ensure the participation of all provinces and territories in the case of approval) and should not have any numbers to change the popular crowd only after the approval of the National Guard Law.

    Article -42-

    The Ministry of Planning to provide the House of Representatives monthly disclose all contracts exceeding Akiemha ten billion dinars.

    Article -43-

    Re-work the granting of the brand to the Iraqi Federation of Industries.

    Article -44-

    The Ministry of Finance and the Central Bank has developed to support the government and private banks to improve their performance and enhance their liquidity plans.

    Article - 45

    Not the Council of Ministers may issue any decisions include the grant in any ministry or entity is linked to the Ministry without the presence of the allocations in the budget approved during the fiscal year to conduct settled in the subsequent year's budget.

    Article - 46 -

    Exception establishment of Islamic banks from the Iraqi Central Bank's instructions up capital of banks to promote Islamic banking services deal does not apply retroactively.

    Article -47 -

    Give priority to the national maritime carrier to transport imported goods to calculate the ministries and public sector of Iraq.

    Article -48 -

    Reduce customized cars for the three presidencies, ministries and institutions and amounts related to the Ministry in the Iraqi state with lower maintenance and fuel expenses allocated to the car and determine prepared as follows:

    First of all:

    1. The President and the Prime Minister and President of the House of Representatives for each one of them five cars.

    2. Vice-President and Vice-Prime Minister and Vice President of the House of Representatives for each one of them four cars.

    3. Ministers and rank shall be fixed - each one of them three cars.

    4. Agents and rank shall be fixed for each one of them in two cars.

    5. General Managers and rank shall be fixed for each one of them one car.

    Third: Do not promote any pension treatment until after discharge from state property movable and immovable property and retroactively from the date of 9/4/2003 and the Council of Ministers to instruct the body to stop the national retirement pension for retired persons named first item of the article (above) is not called pension until after the delivery of the discharged state property.

    Article - 49-

    The Federal Council of Ministers to take the following actions and measures:

    Transfers of staff between ministries and public sector companies to address the surplus and deficit angel among those institutions.

    The assignment of redundant employees in all public sector companies to retire the exception of the age requirement contained in the consolidated pension law in force including members of municipal councils (incisors and neighborhoods), who were the owners or employees of companies.

    Transfers amounts between the public sector companies operating within the same ministry exception of the Companies Act No. 22 of 1997.

    Prevent the purchase of cars, furniture except novel circles.

    Pressure Alaivadat Foreign Posts 50% and accounted for and that too as significant benefit to the country and the minimum number of participating delegations.

    Reduce military cadres, cultural, health and commercial attachÚ or any other attache offices and integrated into the embassy, ​​and operates under the supervision of Ambassador and in coordination with the ministries.

    Reduction following appropriations and 75% (hospitality, additional works, allocations night, conferences, seminars and celebrations, and the mobilization of cards allocated for staff and officials' wages and mobile phone calls, and transportation expenses, bonuses, and other expenses.)

    Article -50 -

    Central Bank is committed to identifying sales of foreign currency (dollar) in daily auction ceiling not to exceed $ 75 million a day with the exercise of justice in the sales process.

    And calls for the participant bank in the auction provide goods enter documents and statements of tax settling accounts and savings Alkmarki within 30 days from the date of purchase of the amount and otherwise apply to the bank penalties stipulated in the Central Bank Act or regulations issued it and use other banking tools to maintain the strength of the dinar against the dollar.

    Material: - 51 -

    Kurdistan region is committed to allocating the budget to the province of Halabja share of the Kurdistan region according to population ratio.

    Article: - 52.

    Priority spending areas of the province to be most affected by the production of oil and filter and environmental protection projects and construction and is committed to the region to allocate funds for the petro-producing regions of oil and gas in the provinces of the region's share of the province.

    Article: - 53.

    Transfers of rural women allocations from the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers to the budget of the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, the Social Welfare Department allocations for women with Alhvat the programs and objectives.

    Article: - 54.

    Spending units to open a checking account (Deposit) deposited by voluntary contributions from governmental and non-governmental organizations and individuals and departments are transferred to the account of the crowd in the popular open the bank for this purpose in the form of the crowd to open that account.

    Article: -55-

    Local governments in the provinces (Anbar, Salahuddin, Nineveh) to take advantage of the existing data in the Supreme Committee for the displaced exchange amounts to maintain all of the development of the regions and provinces and petrodollars in relief to the displaced and trapped program within the province allocations exception of financial management and public debt, No. 95 of 2004 and be under the direct supervision by the Provincial Council and the follow-up to the House of Representatives of the members of that province.

    Article - 56.

    Ministry of Trade exchange ration card items on the form of cash to the beneficiaries of the displaced people in hot areas.

    Article - 57 -

    The Ministry of Finance and ministries all wages and employee benefits in the provinces in hot areas.

    Article -58 -

    The Federal Minister of Finance in coordination with the Federal Minister of Planning to prepare the necessary instructions to facilitate the implementation of the provisions of this law,
    if passed.

    Article - 59 -

    This law shall be published in the Official Gazette and implemented with effect from 1 / January / 2015.


    Parliamentary Finance denies the exception of the budget publication in the Official Gazette Law

    Date: 02/15/2015 16:26

    Finance Committee, Sunday denied, the exception of the financial budget for the current year of its publication in the official newspaper the facts in order to gain legal status in the application on the ground and work with it.

    He said the Commission's decision Ahmed meat Rashid told / information /, that "all Laws to be published in the Official Gazette (facts) to gain legal status and the law to work out the application on the ground," adding that "the current year's budget is excluded from this measure." .

    He added that "after the vote by the Parliament reached budget to the presidency of the ratification and will be published in the Official Gazette then go to copy them to the Ministry of Finance to work out."

    He pointed out, "it was the exchange during the first month (January) of the current year, 1/12 law, but the month (February) will exchange according to the terms of any budget, after ratification of the presidency Aljmoria the law."

    It is said that the media had published statements by officials that the current year budget is excluded from the deployment of law in the Official Gazette of the gain to the time factor.


    WHAT !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! ??????????????????????????


    Parliamentary Economy: approve a supplemental budget if oil continues to climb

    Forecast for economic and investment commission in Parliament on Saturday, asylum Parliament during the current year to approve a supplemental budget after bridge the budget deficit as a result of oil prices move upward.

    , said committee member and fulfillment in a fight, told / information / "The oil seen recent days, a slight rise and reached nearly US $ Stone. "
    She added that "there are expectations to rise during the current oil two months and up to $ 65 price of a barrel of oil and it is hoped that up to a barrier of $ seventy." showed that in the event of financial abundance may resort Parliament to approve a supplementary budget for 2015 after a deficit in the current budget plugging in the outskirts of the end of the current year.
    Last edited by chattels; 02-20-2015 at 08:07 AM.

  6. #6

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015


    Kurds Are Close to Retaking Mosul from ISIS
    President Obama and Congress hammer out a war authorization against ISIS ( * HEREINBELOW ) , the Iraqi Kurdish forces peshmerga are now surrounding the northern city of Mosul -- 280 miles to the north of Baghdad -- Kurdish officials said on Tuesday.

    Mosul is Iraq’s second largest city and the largest city controlled by ISIS, making it its Iraqi capital. Since the fall of the city in June 2014, ISIS has dominated the jihadi movements globally and attracted tens of thousands of extremists from around the world to join its ranks.

    Yet, ISIS has lost its momentum in Iraq after the US led international air campaign started in August 2014. Even though ISIS has suffered a series of defeats throughout Iraq since last October, it still controls big cities like Mosul, Tikrit and Fallujah.
    Liberating Mosul is crucial in defeating ISIS in Ira.“

    Peshmerga forces have advanced in the last few months to Mosul from the north, east and west. Our operations have cut ISIS maneuvers in these areas. We are now close to the city center and in some areas we are only 6 to 9 miles away from it. We have also controlled the main bridges in the areas of Aski and al-Kesk which are located on the main way between Mosul and Tal Afar”, said Lieutenant General Jamal Mohammed, the chief of staff of the peshmerga forces.

    Related: 9 ISIS Weapons That Will Shock You
    The peshmerga now control the areas of Nineveh plains to the north of Mosul, the towns of al-Koweir and Makhmur to the east of the city and the towns of Aski and al-Kesk to the west of the city. However, to the south of the city, the Iraqi government forces, the Shiite militias and the Sunni tribes are still struggling to control Salahuddin province to complete the siege of Mosul.

    “We have reached the last available position in Aski and al-Kesk. Any further movement will be toward Mosul city center. We are waiting for orders in this regard. ISIS positions in Mosul have become within our artillery and rockets reach. We are constantly targeting them,” said Colonel Kamiran Hurami, a commander in the elite Zirvani forces within the peshmerga.

    The Iraqi government forces and its Shiite and Sunni allies have just finished another campaign to clear the city of Beiji, 130 miles to the north of Baghdad, leaving 500 Sunni tribal fighters to guard the city. The Iraqi forces still need to capture two more important towns in their way to Mosul, al-Sherqat and al-Qayara.

    These developments came two days after the announcement from General John Allen that the US led alliance is close to launching a major ground offensive in Iraq that would include 12 Iraqi brigades, supported and equipped by the United States.

    In the meantime. Mosul has witnessed over the last several days the heaviest air bombing since the start of the campaign in August. “I arrived after dropping the 16th bomb, thinking that the bombardment had stopped already, but as soon as I arrived, I was startled by dropping four more bombs,” said Maouris Milton, a blogger from Mosul.


    ​Strategic areas near Mosul retaken by Kurdish forces

    WASHINGTON DC - Backed by coalition air power, Kurdish forces have taken control over three strategic areas near Mosul and are ready to control more territories, the US military said in a statement.

    “Security Forces from the Kurdish region seized three bridgeheads on the west bank of the Tigris River, north of Mosul in formerly held Daesh (ISIS) areas,” the statement said. “Combined Joint Task Force-Operation Inherent Resolve (CJTF-OIR) delivered precise and effective airstrikes on enemy positions near Mosul, in support of the Iraqi Government’s fight against ISIL,” it added, referring to the Islamic State group that is known as ISIS or ISIL.

    With coalition air support, Kurdish Peshmerga forces have been able to reverse territorial gains by ISIS in Nineveh province since last November. US military officials have hailed the bravery of the Kurdish troops in the fight against ISIS, calling them the most effective and reliable partner on the ground.

    According to the statement, “the Coalition executed four close air support airstrikes to facilitate the maneuver of the Kurdish Security Forces and their successful attack.”

    The Pentagon said that training and providing “operational intelligence” will also continue to further empower the Kurdish forces to conduct military operations against ISIS successfully.

    It also showed confidence in the capability of the Kurdish forces, saying that “Kurdish Peshmerga Forces now hold the gains they have made and are postured to retake additional territory from Daesh (ISIS) in the vicinity of Mosul.”

    Lt. Gen. James Terry, the CJTF-OIR commander, explained that the coordination with the Kurdish forces has proved to be effective in countering and defeating ISIS.

    “This most recent Peshmerga operation is yet another example of how Daesh can be defeated militarily using a combination of well led and capable ground forces enabled by Coalition Aviation and Advise and Assist capabilities,” he said.Kurds Are Close to Retaking Mosul from ISIS


    Iraq and Syria Operations Against ISIL Designated as Operation Inherent Resolve

    TAMPA, Fla., Oct. 15, 2014 - U.S. Central Command officials announced today that Operation INHERENT RESOLVE has been officially designated as the name given to U.S. military operations against ISIL in Iraq and Syria. The operation name applies retroactively to all U.S. military actions conducted against ISIL in Iraq and Syria since airstrikes against ISIL began Aug. 8 in Iraq.

    According to CENTCOM officials, the name INHERENT RESOLVE is intended to reflect the unwavering resolve and deep commitment of the U.S. and partner nations in the region and around the globe to eliminate the terrorist group ISIL and the threat they pose to Iraq, the region and the wider international community. It also symbolizes the willingness and dedication of coalition members to work closely with our friends in the region and apply all available dimensions of national power necessary - diplomatic, informational, military, economic - to degrade and ultimately destroy ISIL

    Obama sends Congress request for military force against ISIS

    WASHINGTONBy Associated Press: President Barack Obama asked Congress on Wednesday to formally authorize military force against Islamic State militants, declaring they are on the defensive and "going to lose." But he vowed not to repeat the large and costly ground wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

    Obama said a large deployment of U.S. troops won't be necessary to fight the Islamic State, and he argued that the three-page proposal he sent to lawmakers would give him and his successor the needed flexibility to wage a battle likely to take "some time."

    "I'm convinced that the United States should not get dragged back into another prolonged ground war in the Middle East," the president said, flanked by his vice president and secretaries of State and Defense at the White House. "I do not believe America's interests are served by endless war or by remaining on a perpetual war footing."

    The initial reaction to his congressional request was bipartisan skepticism. Republicans expressed unhappiness that Obama chose to exclude any long-term commitment of ground forces, while some Democrats voiced dismay that he had opened the door to deployment at all.

    Under Obama's proposal, the use of military force would be authorized for three years, unbounded by national borders. The fight could be extended to any "closely related successor entity" to the Islamic State organization that has overrun parts of Iraq and Syria, imposed a stern form of Sharia law and killed several hostages it has taken, Americans among them.

    "Make no mistake. This is a difficult mission," Obama said, adding it will take time to dislodge the terrorists, especially from urban areas. "But our coalition is on the offensive. ISIL is on the defensive, and ISIL is going to lose."

    The 2002 congressional authorization that preceded the American-led invasion of Iraq would be repealed under the White House proposal, a step some Republicans were unhappy to see. But a separate authorization that was approved by Congress after the Sept. 11, 2001, terror attacks would remain in force, to the consternation of some Democrats.

    At the heart of the debate, the struggle to define any role for American ground forces is likely to determine the outcome of the administration's request for legislation. White House spokesman John Earnest said the proposal was intentionally ambiguous on that point to give the president flexibility, but the approach also was an attempt to bridge a deep divide in Congress.

    While asking lawmakers to bar long-term, large-scale ground combat operations like those in Afghanistan and Iraq, Obama said he wants the flexibility for ground combat operations "in other more limited circumstances." Those include rescue missions, intelligence collection and the use of special operations forces in possible military action against Islamic State leaders. "It is not the authorization of another ground war," Obama said.

    "This resolution will give our armed forces the continuity we need for the next three years," he said. "It is not a timetable. It is not announcing that the mission is completed at any given period. What it is saying is that Congress should revisit the issue at the beginning of the next president's term.

    Whatever the outcome, Obama's request puts Congress on the path toward a vote that could reverberate unpredictably for years.

    A post-Sept. 11 request from then-President George W. Bush for authorization to use military force against Iraq was intensely controversial, and it played a role in Obama's successful campaign for the White House in 2008.


    Chief Of Staff of Peshmerga: Our Forces Spread In Three Directions Around Mosul
    12/02/2015 17:04

    Mosul / NINA / Chief of Staff of the Peshmerga forces said that his troops deployed around the city of Mosul and tightened its grip on three sides in preparation for the battle of liberating it from the grip of the Daash organization.

    Lt. Gen. Jamal Mohammed said to the reporter of the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / The Kurdish forces are very close to the city of Mosul after the liberation of all the eastern, northern and western directions leading to it and control the main bridges in Aski and Kazak regions.

    He expressed confidence that Daash organization is unable to progress and suffers from the difficulty of movement in those areas, saying Kurdish forces are waiting for the zero hour to rush toward Mosul and fight the battle of liberation against terrorist groups.

    and other action

    Peshmerga thwart ISIS attack near Bashik

    An early morning ISIS suicide attack on Peshmerga positions near Bashik town left eight militants dead including the bomber.

    A Rudaw reporter on the scene confirmed no Peshmerga soldiers were killed the attack.

    "ISIS militants launched a massive assault near the Peshmerga fronts in the area, but we defeated the attack,"
    said Saad Mamuzini, media officer of the PDK 14th branch.

    Mamuzini said the battle lasted nearly an hour and one Peshmerga was wounded.

    It was reported that other attacks by ISIS militants were also thwarted along the frontlines.

    COMMENT : WITH "MASSIVE " ASSAULT(S) I WOULD EXPECT HIGHER CASUALTIES, BUT ........................ - chattels


    ISIS abandon dead in pre-dawn defeat

    By R█DAW

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - ISIS attackers were defeated by Peshmerga fighters early on Thursday in Mekhmour town, southeast of Mosul, with the militants abandoning 11 dead comrades.

    Sirwan Barzani, top commander of the Gwer-Mekhmour front, said ISIS suffered heavy casualties in the thwarted attack.

    ISIS also launched a multi-pronged assault on other Peshmerga bases early on Thursday, Barzani said, adding that the Peshmerga repelled the militant onslaughts in all areas.

    and TODAY

    Street clashes, 3 wounded as Peshmerga repulse ISIS offensive in Shingal

    SHINGAL, Kurdistan Region – Three Peshmerga were wounded in Shingal Thursday, where Kurdish forces repulsed an Islamic State attack on Kurdish-controlled positions in the war-ravaged city.

    General Hashim Sitayi from the 8th Peshmerga division told Rudaw the attack involved intense street clashes in the city.

    “The clashes went on for several hours, till late in the evening,” Sitayi said, adding that coalition warplanes were involved in some of the fighting. He could not provide details of ISIS casualties because of the poor visibility at night.

    Kurdish forces in December last year recaptured most areas around Shingal, including Mount Shingal, where thousands of Yezidis had taken refuge after an ISIS offensive last summer.

    Parts of the city are in Peshmerga control but roadside mines and explosives planted by the militants have hampered advances.

    Meanwhile Kurdish security forces seized three tons of TNT in the border town of Rabiaa and arrested several suspects, according to Qasim Smo, a Kurdish security official in Shingal, about 30 kilometers away.


    US ‘eyeing new air base’ in Iraq amid talk of major offensive on ISIS

    Sunday, 15 February 2015 20:14

    Baghdad (AIN) -Washington is working to install a new air base in Iraq’s Kurdistan to be used in a campaign against Islamic State (ISIS), media report. This comes as the White House’s special envoy on ISIS speaks of a ground operation in Iraq against the militants.

    This time an American stronghold in the region will be deployed in Erbil, the capital of semi-autonomous Kurdistan region in northern Iraq that is expected to be used as a logistics hub to supply primarily munitions for warplanes of the US-led coalition against ISIS militants.

    “The base is close to Erbil, the capital of the regional government…The warplanes will do surveillance, but the warplanes which will bomb ISIL targets will not take off from here,” Helgurt Hikmet, spokesperson for the Ministry of Peshmerga (Kurdish self-defense forces) said, as cited by Anadolu Agency.

    Turkey’s Hurriyet also reported that the US is preparing documents to get land leasehold for the next 15 years to station US military personnel and warplanes. A number of the US Air Force’s Black Hawk helicopters have already been deployed to Erbil earlier this month, to ensure quick rescue operations to save downed pilots bombing ISIS positions in Northern Iraq. Such operations became a priority after ISIS fighters burnt alive a downed Jordanian pilot.

    Fighter jets of the US and its western allies have been conducting airstrikes against ISIS in Iraq since early August. Starting from September 23, the US and its Arab allies: Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, Jordan and the United Arab Emirates started bombing ISIS in Syria, without obtaining any authorization either from Damascus or a UN mandate.

    “There will be a major counter offensive on the ground in Iraq,” retired Marine Corps General John Allen, the White House special envoy on the Islamic State, told Jordan's official Petra news agency a week ago. The operation is actually supposed to be an Iraqi army offensive supported by the anti-ISIS coalition firepower.

    But on Friday, the Islamic State carried out a coordinated suicide bomber attack against the air base housing 320 US Marines just eight kilometers away from the western Iraqi city of al-Baghdadi, confirmed to be under the extremists’ control now.


    Iraqi PM Haider al-Abadi: We plan to regain Mosul

    Shafaq News/ Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has told the BBC's John Simpson that Iraq is making preparations to move against the Islamic State stronghold of Mosul. He also said that when he took office five months ago, he was surprised at the lack of support from the US. However, he said that has changed significantly in the last four weeks with ''an acceleration of support''. The Islamic state organization has dominated over vast areas in both Iraq and Syria during last year and announced the establishment of an "Islamic state". The organization is being exposed to intense air strikes since months ago by aiming to weaken and end the presence of the organization by American Coalition aircraft, according to US President , Barack Obama who stressed that at the announcement of the formation of the coalition. Many countries participate in the Alliance including Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar and the UAE, which had suspended its participation after the fall of the Jordanian plane pilot , Muath al- Kasasbeh and killing him, then raids resumed afterwards.


    Abadi told the BBC: the liberated areas in Mosul will be for the people of the province and not the center or region

    February 16, 2015

    02/16/2015 12:03 GMT

    Follow-up -oara -announced Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, on Monday, the start of recording thousands of volunteers for the Liberation of Nineveh “Daash,” explaining that the liberated territories should be for the people of Mosul and not the center or the region, while pointing out that the disputed areas solved by the Constitution and not War.

    Ebadi said in an interview reported by the “BBC”, “The more the population of Mosul with the situation in Iraq and against the organization Daash, who are dear to us people and interested freed, and we have received requests for participation process Liberation thousands and we started the registration of names and volunteers,” noting that by saying, “We want people fighters and practical people on the ground that they can contribute to us. ”

    He added, “We have started preparations for a big, and I have appointed two months before the liberation of Mosul,” explaining that “Mosul is keen to be successful, I do not want to sacrifice civilians through fierce fighting, the correct configuration will reduce the losses.”

    He continued, “The central government is coordinating with the Kurdistan region in order to be editor of Mosul, a joint operation and a high degree of coordination,” pointing out that “the government does not want to dispute the liberated areas to happen.”

    Abadi said, that “the liberated areas should be for the people of Mosul,” stressing saying, “We as a government, federal or Peshmerga do not want to take control of the war, the disputed zones replace the constitution.”

    He pointed out that “the local police will be kept after the liberation of land to prevent any reprisals or subversive by Daash or armed groups, and this is essential,” noting that “fear of influence in the Iraq conflict because of conflicts between neighboring countries.”

    Abadi and welcomed “any Arab contribution in this regard,” explaining that “Jordan Daash seen as a threat to national security”


    Expert: seizing Mosul may take 10 months, 30,000 troops

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – The battle to free the city of Mosul from the grip of the Islamic State will require as many as 30,000 soldiers and take as long as 10 months, a leading Kurdish military analyst has told Rudaw.

    Colonel Masoud Salih, an instructor at Zakho Military Academy, said the city’s large size and a tough ISIS defense perimeter could make for one of the toughest, and longest, battles against terrorism in Iraq since 2003.

    He said the impending battle is expected to take place in June with Peshmarga forces acting as auxiliary units to the Iraqi Army.

    Without proper training in urban warfare, he added, the Iraqi army will struggle to dislodge the militants. Mosul fell to ISIS on June 9 after the Iraqi army deserted the city without serious confrontations.

    A successful attack on Iraq’s second-largest city, as explained by Salih, must be accomplished in three stages.

    “The first stage has started, which is surveillance, information gathering, training the Iraqi army and arming the [local Sunni] tribes,” he said.

    The second stage, Salih continued, would be: “Analyzing information, identifying the objectives, planning military operations, setting the Zero hour and cutting the supply lines of ISIS.

    “The third stage would be to commence the operation from three directions, east, south, and the west of Mosul.”

    Each front in the attack on Mosul, according to Salih, would require 10,000 soldiers., with each group divided into 8,000 active fighters and 2,000 reinforcements. He believes strongly the battle will be lengthy, possibly 10 months.

    Some commanders think differently, however, and believe ISIS will soon collapse.

    One military officer estimates ISIS has only some 12,000 fighters in Mosul. The officer, who chose to remain unnamed, said rumors of as many as 30,000 ISIS militants in Mosul are simply ISIS propaganda.

    Yet Salih was quick to point out why the fight would take so long.

    “ISIS has been digging trenches around Mosul for quite some time, also, suicide bombers, and IEDs on the roadsides would slow down the military movements. Urban warfare is difficult and there are also civilians living in the city and the military goals are not clear yet.

    “These factors will make the battle last longer,” said Salih.

    Regarding the role of the Peshmerga forces, Salih said, “The Peshmerga forces will not participate in the ground operations of liberating Mosul, they will act as an auxiliary force that would support the Iraqi army with heavy weapons. They will also protect the residential areas of the minorities in Bartilla, Hamdaniya, Bashika, etc.”

    Salih was among the officers sent to the US for training after 2003 and is aware of many facets of the new Iraqi Ministry of Defense. His experience has given him insight into why the US has not armed Peshmarga forces directly.

    “First, the US does not want to change the balance of forces in Iraq,’ he said.

    “Second, the Kurdistan Region still does not have an organized and united professional army.”

    Even so, Salih said the time to make military preparations for the battle of Mosul is running out.

    “All the signs show that the battle will begin in June, and basically this war needs six months of preparation, which means only four months left.”
    Last edited by chattels; 02-20-2015 at 08:05 AM.

  7. #7

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015



    Kurds reject proposed rival force in Kirkuk

    ERBIL, Iraq — A law to found a paramilitary National Guard force in Iraq to assist in the fight against the Islamic State (IS) has put Kurds at loggerheads with other communities in northern Iraq.

    Summary⎙ Print The law to establish the National Guard forces in Iraq raised the ire of Kurds in northern Iraq who would rather remain in full control of their areas.
    Author Mohammed A. SalihPosted February 12, 2015
    Kurds strongly reject the formation of any rival armed units in the parts of northern Iraq that are known as disputed territories to which Kurdish, Sunni Arab, Turkmen and Shiite Arab populations lay claims. Most of the disputed territories are now under the control of Kurdish peshmerga forces.

    Members of the other communities want to play a role in the security arrangements of those areas and hope that the National Guard will become a vehicle for their return to the security scene in disputed territories.

    But fearful that the birth of other armed groups can weaken their control over those areas amid a difficult war with IS and give rise to chaotic outcomes, the Kurds have resisted the idea of other competing forces in the disputed territories.

    Shakhawan Abdullah, a Kurdish member of the Iraqi parliament, told Al-Monitor that the law has to make it clear that the National Guard will not be established in Kurdish-controlled areas. “The National Guard law should stipulate clearly that the peshmerga is in charge in the disputed territories and that’s it,” said Abdullah, a Kirkuk deputy in the Iraqi parliament’s security and defense committee.

    Iraq’s Cabinet passed a draft law on Feb. 3 that paves the way for legalizing the status of disparate Shiite armed groups and organizing tribal Sunni forces under the umbrella of a National Guard force.

    The National Guard draft law was scheduled for a first reading by Iraqi members of parliament during a meeting on Feb. 10. But deep disagreements regarding certain items of the bill led the speaker to delay discussions indefinitely.

    Grappling with a resilient and formidable foe in the form of IS, the Iraqi government is desperate to use the National Guard as a key element to turn the tide against the jihadist group. There appears to be nationwide support for the creation of the National Guard as far as fighting IS is concerned in the areas that the group controls in northern and central Iraq.

    While Kurds also support the idea of the National Guard to fight IS in other parts of the country, they do not want those fighters in areas they run such as the Kurdistan Region and the disputed parts of Kirkuk, Ninevah, Salahuddin and Khanaqin provinces under their control.

    In particular, the oil-rich province of Kirkuk has been at the center of the controversy surrounding the National Guard.

    In an interview published Feb. 8 in the London-based pan-Arab daily, Al Hayat, Iraqi Kurdistan President Massoud Barzani said, “We are not in need of the Popular Mobilization [forces] and will not allow any forces to enter Kirkuk.”

    Popular Mobilization refers to the armed Shiite groups formed after the collapse of several divisions of the Iraqi army when IS attacked Mosul and other main areas in northern and central Iraq.

    After the Iraqi army forces were routed by IS militants last June, the army’s 12th Division abandoned its bases in Kirkuk. Kurdish peshmerga forces moved swiftly and set up shop in the areas of the province where Kurdish populations reside, including the city of Kirkuk and the rich oil fields in its environs.

    Sunni Arabs form the vast majority of the Arab population in the ethnically and sectarian-diverse Kirkuk province and other disputed territories. The southern parts of Kirkuk province, around the districts of Hawija and Rashad, host the majority of Sunni Arabs in the province and are currently controlled by IS forces.

    But Sunni Arab leaders who are not residing in IS-controlled territories demand the formation of a Sunni force as part of the National Guard.

    “Sunni Arab tribes want to be part of the forces defending Kirkuk alongside the peshmerga,” Ismael Hadidi, the chief of the Sunni Arab Hadidi tribe, told Al-Monitor. “Daesh [IS] poses a huge threat to us all.”

    Hadidi, who also served as Kirkuk’s deputy governor for a number of years after the US-led invasion in 2003, said that the structure of the National Guard forces and their command structure must be clearly defined. He added that in the event that the National Guard forces are established in Kirkuk, there should be “coordination and a joint command” between them and the peshmerga forces.

    Another draft law aimed at relatively easing the restrictions placed on the return of the former members of Saddam Hussein's outlawed Baath Party to public life is expected to be discussed alongside the National Guard bill. The Sunni Arabs want a board that was in charge of identifying and disqualifying Baathists from engaging in public life to be dismantled as they accuse it of practically launching a witch-hunt campaign against Sunni Arabs.

    “There are many professional and patriotic officers from the former Iraqi army [under Saddam Hussein] who we can draw on their capabilities,” Hadidi said.

    While the majority of Kurdish members of the Iraqi parliament and Kurdish politicians in Kirkuk appear to be against the formation of National Guard units in Kirkuk, there is already some measure of cooperation between the Shiite Popular Mobilization units.

    IS launched a multi-pronged assault on Kirkuk city on Jan, 29, but after two days of intense fighting, Kurdish forces pushed back IS militants, preventing them from reaching the city. Following those attacks, scores of Shiite armed elements reportedly set up shop south of Kirkuk city with the stated aim of assisting the peshmerga forces in defending the city. There were some Popular Mobilization forces in Kirkuk even before Jan. 29.

    There appears to be a rift in the stance of the two dominant Kurdish parties, the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK), in terms of their approach to the Shiite armed groups.

    Whereas the KDP, led by Barzani, is adamant in rejecting the presence of Shiite armed groups in areas under Kurdish control, the PUK, led by former Iraqi President Jalal Talabani, appears to have a lukewarm position. Peshmerga forces affiliated with the PUK have cooperated with the Shiite armed groups in liberating areas such as Amerli in Salahuddin province and Jalawla in Diyala province.

    Abdullah, the Kurdish member of parliament, says that the Shiite groups have violated their earlier agreements with Kurds to leave the Kurdish-controlled areas after Amerli was recaptured from IS in September and Jalawla in November last year.

    In a visit to Kirkuk on Feb. 7, Hadi al-Ameri, the head of the Badr Brigades, an Iranian-backed Shiite armed group, hinted at possible plans for cooperation between the Popular Mobilization units and the peshmerga forces.

    “Kirkuk is of high importance and has oil and gas resources as well as power stations,” Ameri said following a meeting with Kirkuk Gov. Najmaddin Karim. “We have to act toward ending the threat posed by Daesh [IS] through high coordination with the peshmerga forces and the governor, and this requires swift action.”


    Anbar officials reject Shiite popular mobilization forces

    Officials in Iraq's Anbar province are concerned about the members of popular mobilization forces carrying out sectarian revenge operations against the residents of the province, 80% of which falls under the control of the Islamic State (IS).

    Summary⎙ Print Officials in Iraq's Anbar province are concerned about the increase in revenge operations carried out by popular mobilization forces.

    Author Omar al-JaffalPosted February 15, 2015

    TranslatorCynthia Milan

    The popular mobilization forces formed following the fall of Mosul on June 10, 2014, after supreme Shiite religious authority Ali al-Sistani announced the “righteous jihad” fatwa. The forces brought together a number of Shiite militias, some of which receive direct support from Iran.

    On Feb. 6, members of the popular mobilization forces killed two Anbar tribesmen in al-Sajariyah in eastern Ramadi, stirring the anger of the local Anbar government and the tribes supporting the security forces.

    Anbar's popular mobilization forces comprise about 3,000 members who are mostly concentrated around Amiriyat Fallujah, in addition to several military points where Iraqi security forces are stationed.

    Azal al-Fahdawi, a member of Anbar’s provincial council, told Al-Monitor, “Many tribal fighters in Ramadi and officials in the province are wishing that the popular mobilization would join and help us in our fight against IS. However, if there were revenge operations or some provocations by the popular mobilization, then it will result in additional unnecessary problems.”

    Fahdawi said, “The popular mobilization forces are being cautious, but their wish to eliminate IS is stronger than their cautiousness,” adding, “The popular mobilization should be put under the command of Anbar’s Operations Command. Only then will we support it and provide whatever it asks for.”

    “The majority of Anbar tends to welcome the popular mobilization among tribal fighters,” Fahdawi said. “There is coordination between the tribes and the popular mobilization. A delegation of Anbar’s sheikhs met with leaders of the popular mobilization, and they held a workshop regarding their cooperation.”

    Fahdawi added, “The popular mobilization’s movement is limited in Anbar. Its presence only extends to the areas of al-Sajariyah, al-Hawz and al-Jazira in Ramadi, and the Yabani [Japanese] Bridge from Saqlawiyah’s side in north Fallujah, since these are the hotspots and most dangerous areas.”

    Naim al-Qaoud, the head of the Bunemer tribes, which fight alongside Iraqi security forces, told Al-Monitor, “There are no problems with the popular mobilization in Anbar.”

    Around 500 of Qaoud's tribesmen were killed by IS. “The conflicts that occurred in certain areas might have been with members from a different group and not from the popular mobilization,” he said.

    “There is coordination between the tribes and the popular mobilization forces,” he said, but described it as, “not of the required level.”

    He added, “There are men in Anbar who are capable of cleansing it [from terrorism]. I am not saying that I am against the popular mobilization, but there are men who volunteered in Anbar and they are capable of liberating it from IS but they need reinforcements.”

    In reality, the parties that are welcoming the popular mobilization in Anbar do not have any other options to face IS’ expansion throughout the province, in addition to its constant attempts to take over the city of Ramadi, Anbar’s center, where the local government is situated.

    “Why doesn’t the government provide reinforcement for the tribes?” Qaoud asked. “Some believe that certain concerned parties want the popular mobilization to participate in cleansing the province while others think that some parties want the province to remain under IS control.”

    The demand to provide reinforcement for Anbar’s tribes to eliminate IS has become persistent, especially since the majority of tribal parties complain about their lack of weapons and ammunition. IS, meanwhile, was able to take possession of the Iraqi army's heavy weaponry as the army left these areas.

    In a statement following the killing of the two Anbar tribesmen in al-Sajariyah, President of Anbar’s Provincial Council Sabah Karhout said, “The council did not ask the popular mobilization to come to Anbar. We asked the central government and leadership to support the province to put an end to strife and eliminate IS.”

    Al-Monitor was able to obtain a copy of Karhout’s statement, in which he asked the Ministry of Defense for “all the forces that come to Anbar to be under the umbrella of the government and security forces in Anbar,” noting that “there is a revolution in Anbar by its tribes against IS but it needs certain fundamental elements.”

    “The central government will be held responsible for any security deterioration that might occur in Anbar, due to the lack of weapons provided for tribes and security forces,” he said, stressing the need to “increase Anbar’s share in weapons and ammunition reinforcement to face the threat posed by the terrorist group.”


    Special / Presidency of the House of Representatives to consider the law of accountability crashes, the National Guard because they are not fully-fledged language

    BAGHDAD - Iraq Press - February 16: confirmed the Presidency of the Council of Representatives, on Monday, disable consider the accountability and justice bills and the Baath Party and the National Guard until the end of the State Council of the comments on the draft laws.

    The decision of the House of Representatives, Niazi architecture Ihsanoglu, L / Iraq Press / "The draft accountability and justice, and the prohibition of the Baath Party has handed them the House of Representatives formulas primitive and incomplete in the first time what caused Unlike large between the political parties in the House of Representatives to prove that the government sent them to two destinations in that one. "
    "Either talk about the existence of any draft forged belong to the projects mentioned Evger real and that the House of Representatives received these two projects an official letter from the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers blaming them responsible for any error happened in the transmitter and the process of the legislature ignored the projects because they are not fully-fledged wording was supposed sent to State Consultative Council for these numbers to match with the Constitution and relevant laws. "

    A ring that "the House of Representatives awaiting the arrival of important bills, including accountability, justice and the prohibition of the National Guard and the Baath Party of the State Consultative Council to include the full records of the meetings of the government official wrote in favor of it to complete the legislative process."


    February 16, 2015

    Parliamentary Legal affirming the inadmissibility pass legal accountability and guard in one basket

    BAGHDAD - Said the legal committee in the House of Representatives member Salim Shawki, the inability to pass the Justice and Accountability Act and the National Guard within a single basket in the parliament.

    He said Shawki told ((eighth day)) that "the legal accountability and the National Guard of the agreed rules within the paper political agreement between the political blocs and thus they become binding for all the blocks of laws to be passed each one separately within the parliament.

    Shawki, adding that "there Hittite efforts by all parties for the purpose of passing laws to serve the public interest and promotion of the general reality in the country.

    The voice on the Board of the National Guard and legal accountability, justice and raising them to pass the State Council and then to the House of Representatives.


    " ...........apart from the billions it has spent on the Iraqi army. From 2011 to 2014 nearly $41 billion was wasted on the Iraqi army, a force that did not resist ISIS more than 41 minutes.

    The army is an icon of corruption in Iraq. On top of this, there are 42 unlawful militia groups in Iraq, all of them formed under the cabinet that was named the State of Law government.



    The Government Approves Form An Arm a Division of 10 Thousands of Anbar Tribes

    Ramadi / NINA / Chairman of Anbar province council, Sabah Karhoot revealed that the government approved to form an Army Division of 10 thousand fighters from the province and the sons of the tribes.

    He told the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / the Anbar provincial council held a lengthy meeting today with local officials in the province and tribal leaders to discuss the security situation in Anbar and the moves under way to secure the liberation of the cities and requirements and procedures related to the formation of a military task force of ten thousand fighters from the sons of the tribes to be part of the security system in Iraq.

    He explained that the federal government has agreed in principle to form the division, which will receive 500 volunteers from every clan, which will be within the formations of border guards, explaining that the arming and equipped process will be by the federal government and the Ministries of Defense and Interior.

    He stressed that the volunteers training plan will be in Habbaniyah (Ein al-Assad base) as well as the military bases in a number of other provinces.


    " .............the three presidencies will meet within 48 hours to make a decision to disarm the militias and confined in state hands."


    Concern in Iraq grows over unregulated Shiite forces

    The popular mobilization forces have been widely controversial in Iraq since their inception in June 2014. Public opinion has focused on the legitimacy of these irregular forces, their activities and the possible illegal killings committed by them in the fight against the Islamic State (IS). In light of the dire need for these forces in the ongoing conflict on the one hand, and lapses in disciplined behavior among their ranks on the other, Iraqis remain conflicted about them.

    Summary⎙ Print The popular mobilization forces in Iraq have made positive contributions to the fight against the Islamic State, but allegations of killings require that they be brought under the government's security umbrella.

    Author Ali MamouriPosted February 17, 2015

    TranslatorSahar Ghoussoub

    Reports occasionally appear about violations and abuses by the mobilization forces on the battlefield and off it. At the same time, however, one cannot deny their contribution to hindering IS’ progress toward the central and southern areas of the country. In addition, the forces have also recently made offensive advances against IS, improving their reputation in the public's eye and in the Iraqi political arena.

    The popular mobilization forces were formed after Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani issued a fatwa calling on all those able to take up arms and volunteer in the security forces in the fight against IS. The forces were to fall under the umbrella of the state’s security services and within its legal frameworks and practices. In the course of events, however, some of these groups embarked on a different path, operating independently, outside judicial and governmental monitoring and supervision, somewhat along the lines of Iran’s Basij, which were founded in 1979 at the directive of Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini.

    One thing that distinguishes Iraq's popular mobilization forces from its army units is their deep willingness to fight and to sacrifice to achieve military objectives against the enemy. They do not, however, have the professional and military training of the official forces and are not being held accountable in instances of violations.

    The popular mobilization forces are in part reconstitutions of the militias formed after the US-led invasion and occupation of Iraq that fought against US troops and were often supported by Iran. Some of the groups formed independently and later gained Iranian backing, such as the Mahdi Army, which is affiliated with Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr. Other groups were initially formed under Iranian supervision, such as the Badr Organization, Hezbollah in Iraq and Jaysh al-Mukhtar.

    These forces expanded with the enrollment of large numbers of volunteers, especially following the fall of Mosul in June 2014. Their relations with Iran grew stronger as they began to operate under Iranian military guidance. Their close ties to Iran stem in part from an ideological kinship, but also from the militias' lack of trust in the fighting skills of the Iraqi army, which failed to protect Mosul and has suffered significant subsequent defeats.

    Sectarianism in Iraq has fueled resentment toward the popular forces. While some violations against civilians have been attributed to IS, others have accused the popular mobilization forces of committing them. The most prominent such incident was the August 2104 attack on the Musab bin Umair Mosque in Diyala that left nearly 70 Sunni civilians dead.

    Also in Diyala province in the last week of January, an assault was reported to have resulted in more than 70 civilians being killed, including women and children. Dozens of people have also been kidnapped. The media office of the popular mobilization forces in Diyala has issued official denials of responsibility for these killings, instead blaming IS and calling for a comprehensive judicial investigation into the matter.

    Sistani's spokesman Ahmed al-Safi has also called for investigations and for firm measures to be taken against the perpetrators to deter similar incidents in the future. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has announced the formation of a committee to investigate the matter, charging that the perpetrators of such crimes are “outlaws serving specific agendas” seeking to divide Iraq.

    Areas of Baghdad have not been immune to the alleged transgressions of the popular mobilization forces. Clashes erupted Jan. 31 in the Karrada district between Hezbollah brigades and fighters affiliated with other popular forces after disagreements following the kidnapping of the brigades’ secretary-general, Abbas al-Mohammedawi, by unknown parties.

    That same day, Abadi declared five regions in Baghdad — Adhamiya, Karrada, Khadimiya, Mansour and Saydiya — demilitarized zones in an attempt to reduce violence in the capital. He also lifted the nighttime curfew that had been imposed for years on different areas of Baghdad.

    Another measure that should be taken is bringing the popular mobilization forces under government control alongside the Iraqi army. This would help prevent illegal and irresponsible behavior and allow direct judicial action against violators, eliminating the need to form investigative committees after every alleged crime or incident. In light of the struggle with IS, Iraqis are not yet willing to dissolve the irregular forces, but further indiscriminate acts of violence could further deepen the sectarian divide and strengthen IS, which feeds and thrives on such divisions.


    02/18/2015 00:20

    The three presidencies meeting will end joint action

    BAGHDAD / Obelisk: confirmed the three presidencies during a meeting this evening on the need to promote joint action and political consensus and strengthen the sons of threatened areas of terrorism, efforts to protect their areas and respect the authority of the judiciary, independence, and show the results of investigations into the crimes committed after it has been a comprehensive review of the overall political, security and economic developments in the country, As recently agreed to hold a meeting to follow up the implementation of what was agreed upon.

    He said a presidential statement held at the Peace Palace Bbgad Tuesday evening, the three presidencies meeting attended by President Fuad Masum, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi and Parliament Speaker Salim al-Jubouri, the Vice President and the Prime Minister and President of the House of Representatives, also attended the meeting, Chairman of the Supreme Judicial Council, Medhat al-Mahmoud. "

    "I was in the meeting, a comprehensive review of the overall political, security and economic developments in the country with a heavy intake of verified in the political document and the program of work of the government during the last period, was to continue to emphasize the need to strengthen joint action and political compatibility and high sense of responsibility by all political parties in order to meet the challenges facing the country's various components. "

    He continued, "With saluted the meeting success of our fighters from the armed forces and the crowd, popular, and the Peshmerga forces clan in the face of terrorists and defeated in a lot of areas, the presidencies stressed the need to strengthen these victories and assigning the unity of the political situation and the joint work, with an emphasis on strengthening the sons of threatened areas of terrorism, efforts to protect areas of cooperation with the armed forces and the effort military, security and intelligence state. "

    The participants confirmed according to the statement "the need to respect the authority and independence of the judiciary in accordance with the principles of the Constitution and the adoption of the resolution of issues as well as to show the results of investigations into crimes which affect the Iraqi people."

    The statement continued, "The meeting also considered positively to the agreement between the federal government and the Kurdistan Regional Government in connection with the oil and the budget and the commitment of the two parties, and called to resolve outstanding through and increase and improve military cooperation in dealing with gangs Daash criminal and joint action for the relief of refugees and displaced positive dialogue problems."

    He pointed out that "the meeting dominated atmosphere of full and positive interaction in the frankness of views, it was agreed to hold a meeting soon to follow up the implementation of what was agreed upon and complete the discussion of the pressing issues at all levels."



    Sadr suspends militias after Sunni leader’s murder
    By R█DAW

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has shut down two militia groups after the assassination of a prominent Sunni tribal leader and the subsequent deepening of sectarian tensions across Iraq.

    Sadr’s announcement that Youm-AlMauad and Saraia Salami, two Shiite brigades fighting against ISIS alongside Iraqi security forces, must suspend operations follow’s outrage over last week’s murder of the Sheik Qasim al-Janabi and eight others in central Baghdad.

    “What happened proves that Iraq is not suffering from foreign forces alone, but suffers from militia groups as well. Both are undermining the Iraqi government and pose security threats to the country,” said Sadr, who added he was willing to work with security forces to find the murderers.

    Sadr also called on political parties to be patient for investigation results, referring to Sunni politicians who threatened to walk out of Iraqi parliament in the aftermath of the killing.


    Sadr suspends militias after Sunni leader’s murder

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr has shut down two militia groups after the assassination of a prominent Sunni tribal leader and the subsequent deepening of sectarian tensions across Iraq.

    Sadr’s announcement that Youm-AlMauad and Saraia Salami, two Shiite brigades fighting against ISIS alongside Iraqi security forces, must suspend operations follow’s outrage over last week’s murder of the Sheik Qasim al-Janabi and eight others in central Baghdad.

    “What happened proves that Iraq is not suffering from foreign forces alone, but suffers from militia groups as well. Both are undermining the Iraqi government and pose security threats to the country,” said Sadr, who added he was willing to work with security forces to find the murderers.

    Sadr also called on political parties to be patient for investigation results, referring to Sunni politicians who threatened to walk out of Iraqi parliament in the aftermath of the killing.
    Last edited by chattels; 02-21-2015 at 06:26 AM.

  8. #8

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015

    Legal Committee: Civil Service Law will be read next week

    Agency eighth day February 19, 2015, 9:46 No comments 71 Reading

    BAGHDAD - ((eighth day))

    Parliamentary Legal Committee revealed that it has completed the assignment of a draft Civil Service Act to the House of Representatives for the first reading next week, and with the agreement of all the political blocs. "

    A member of the Committee, Saman Rashid said, "The Legal Committee has completed the assignment of a draft Civil Service Act to the House of Representatives for the first reading next week, and with the agreement of all the political blocs and comes to speed up the passage of laws that relate to the fate of the Iraqi citizen."

    "The civil service law combines the Code of decisions that include functional staffs and discipline of state employees and the mechanism of promotion, bonuses and that the law came resolutions and provisions detailed included approximately (100) material," following up "The Civil Service Board will achieve justice in functional appointments without monopoly particular party appointments, each according to his ministry is taking into account the testimony of career and specialization. "

    He noted, to "resolve the Civil Service Board and its association with this law with a new mechanism distributed through jobs and the need of each ministry in accordance with legal frameworks," stressing that "the draft Civil Service Act, which was approved by the Council of Ministers will cancel all dissolved Revolutionary Command Council decisions regarding service Civil law that gives priority in recruitment of unemployed university graduates in order to benefit from their experience and their competence in the service of the country. "

    Last edited by chattels; 02-19-2015 at 09:32 AM.

  9. #9

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015

    sczin11- This looks interesting...can not find anything more yet...if anyone finds anything, please post, and or send me pm notification...THERE IS AN ATTACHED FILE BUT I CAN NOT TRANSLATE IT... Stock Exchange announcement in the guide banks in Iraq
    Last edited by sczin11; 02-19-2015 at 09:08 AM.

  10. #10

    Re: The Dinar Daily, Thursday February 19, 2015

    Conscious / World Bank reaffirms its commitment to partnership with Iraq and looks forward to support the implementation of the Law on Social Protection

    Conscious / Baghdad / m L The World Bank confirmed its commitment to continue the strong partnership with the Iraqi government, particularly with regard to providing support for the implementation of social protection Act No. 11 of 2014.

    A statement of the Information Office of the Ministry of Labour received (news agency, a trademark of the Iraqi / INA), director of the International Bureau in Iraq Robert quality PU, as saying during a Social Protection Agency conference, said the World Bank to stop along with Iraq, all these years as a contribution to improving infrastructure development and human service delivery to citizens and will continue standing by Iraq in the coming years through the provision of financial and technical support in this regard, noting that despite the current challenges but Iraq will continue on the path of social and economic development and to provide effective and efficient for all its citizens services.

    He said the quality that the World Bank was a partner to the Iraqi government in the field of social protection over the past years, as provided support in the field of social safety nets through emergency social protection project, which was carried out by the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

    He said the new law is working on strengthening the foundations of reform in the long run and improve the social protection system in Iraq through the use of the poverty line to determine the percentage of coverage in order to reach the most needy, as the law proposes the development of data based on the consolidated record of all the beneficiaries base which ensures effective delivery of services the largest, in addition to encouraging the participation of civil society organizations due to its important role in access to the entire population and marginalized areas, pointing out that the implementation of the law is not easy and requires extensive training to social workers to be able to assess the economic and social situation of the families.

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