" The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014
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    " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    “EVICT MALIKI” COUNTDOWN : 11 DAYS TO THE SCHEDULED* ELECTION

    * NOTE: that the countdown notice has been amended to qualify the Election as ”Scheduled ” to give emphasis to the tenuous state of political / constitutional affairs in Iraq in recent days and specifically the mention in the news of a possible delay in the election due to the Anbar diaspora. Add to the foregoing the ” threat” of the election occurring under martial law with Maliki as the chief executive officer.



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    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    Central, asserts its independence from the government and stresses that the law does not allow lends to bridge the budget deficit



    BAGHDAD / Iraqi Central Bank announced that the government "will not impose its policies upon because of its law," and that the law gives him "full autonomy are not allowed to lend because of the delay in adoption of the general budget, stressing that Iraq's stockpiles reserve of money" out of the financial power of the government. "Said the bank's management Central in the gallery its written reply to questions addressed to it (the long-Presse), "The Iraqi Central Bank Law No. 56 of 2004 prohibits the government from imposing its policies on the Central Bank of Iraq," explaining that it "gives the bank full autonomy from the government so as not to make any loans to the government and does not receive orders, including the formation of policies that are subject accounts to international standards. "

    She said the bank's management that "the central bank reserves accumulated by expenses prior to the budget," adding that "Iraq's stockpiles reserve funds covered the cash flow over the past years and so is out of the financial power of the government."

    The parliamentary Finance Committee has revealed, on March 3 the past, that the Iraqi government "$ 4.5 billion" in the Development Fund for Iraq, DFI, noting that it "is able" to cover the salaries of the staff of the Iraqi state, stressing that "there is no fear on salaries for the existence of a financial surplus of simple Iraqi oil sales." The parliamentary Finance Committee has, in the February 24, 2014, the assets of the Development Fund for Iraq, DFI current amounting to six billion dollars just is not enough to pay the employees 'salaries for the month of March, and suggested that the government will have to borrow from the central bank to pay employees' salaries for the month of March. Noteworthy that the two committees the parliamentary financial and economic, have called, in (12 February), to deal seriously with the warnings of the International Monetary Fund on increased government spending, and its implications for monetary reserves, while showed the Finance Committee that the government is "threatened with bankruptcy" within four months if you do not pass the budget , saw the economic counterpart, estimates that the budget "did not take" into account the regional and global developments, and it prepared about "hazy and unclear" and was a "mere allocations", warning of prejudice Iraq's financial reserves of hard currency.

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    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    Day politician
    Font Size:04.19.2014 (0:01 pm) - Number of readings: 10 - the number (3061)

    Day politician



    Alliances prior announcement just rumors
    Abdullah West

    said the Iraqi List MP Abdullah Western alliances that declare such elections that they are not real on the ground, and Mtalekayaa know as "rumors", aimed at reducing the public space of some political blocs. He stated that "the political alliances that some claim that they, in turn, aimed at reducing the public spaces between the voters of the other blocks, but the Iraqi citizen is aware of who provides the services, and the correct form," describing those alliances as "rumors intended to highlight."

    He denied that there was a "alliances actual on the ground leading up to the election." We call on Iraqis of the outside of the broad participation in the elections Imad Youkhana called a member of the parliamentary Foreign Relations Committee Imad Youkhana Iraqis outside the country to broad participation in the upcoming parliamentary elections. said Youkhana that "the post Iraqi communities wide in the election result in the future of Iraq for the next four years, "noting that" the country stands on the threshold of a new phase serious and important and sensitive necessitate everyone involved. " and explained that "their participation in the election guide on their association, which does not stop and do not weaken their homeland and the continuing interest and commitment and fulfill Iraq, which we are pleased to live under Islamic rule free and happy and loving brothers. "noted a member of the parliamentary Foreign Relations Committee that" he must be the polls are witness to this festival that expresses concern increased when all Iraqis outside Iraq. " the use of the third round for students electorally unacceptable Prince Kanani rejected the MP for the Liberal bloc Prince Kanani intervention of some political parties to grant the students played third in the upcoming exams for grades ended, noting that "the exploitation of this leads to the low level of the school and the education in the country." said Kanani that "the history of electoral practiced by some parties rejected they affect the scientific level of the students, "adding that" to leave things loose without controls affect the process of education in the country ", calling on students to" school attendance and reliance on roles first and second in order to achieve success. "and added that" the other giving promises to students the role of the third leads to lack of seriousness in pursuing their level and the unfairness of the high achievers and should not be equated with everyone in the certification prep and baccalaureate. " revival of the National Alliance needs to be credible to the limbs Jawad al-Jubouri said a member of the Liberal bloc parliamentary Jawad al-Jubouri The National Alliance needs to see a joint government for the advancement of do about the strong alliance, pointing out that this vision will not be realized unless there is credibility and transparency in dealings between poles.

    Stated that "wrap blocks of the National Alliance in between them, and find a vision of joint government will give great strength of this coalition in the next parliament," calling "the public National Alliance to attend and broad participation and actors in the elections, because the issues are subject to the size of the audience the coalition. "and added that" these indicators will be realized only with the presence of credibility and transparency between the blocks of the National Alliance, as part of its power with each other and not on each other. " killing commanders does not affect the battle Anbar governor Zamili said a member of the Commission on Security and Defense parliamentary of quitting that "the killing of military commanders does not affect the plans and military operations in Anbar and other areas, and urged not to rely on jurisprudence and military plans tactical sober to fight the insurgents. He added that "the killing of the leaders would not directly affect the plans and the battle in Fallujah, Anbar, noting that" the insurgents were able to obtain weapons and heavy equipment, including anti-aircraft gun [57] and [Alstrla] Therefore, it is possible to target the leaders who are traveling in the aircraft during their tours field, He pointed out that "helicopters and weak in front of weapons mentioned in particular that there is a vast deserts where there are no insurgents control.


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    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    Shabandar: I wish to Maliki that lends itself to others, and gives the opportunity for other leaders to head the government
    08:25:19 / 04/2014

    Khandan - The independent member of the Iraqi parliament Izzat Shabandar that the lack of success of the two experiments him with all of the Iraqi leader and former Prime Minister Iyad Allawi, leader of a coalition of state law and the current Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki paid to the establishment of a national project New to contest the next election.

    Shabandar said the newspaper «Middle East »that« the lack of success of my experience with Iraqi Prime Minister Iyad Allawi and with the state law of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki to consolidate Iraqi national project for many reasons vary from one list to another and different approach from head to another has paid it about this step, which was to start a new national encouraged by the awareness of the street variable relatively compared to what it was yesterday, as well as a new election law, which alleviates the dominance of large blocs of one form or another ». added Shabandar "We have developed a comprehensive program where we focused on many things, including the interim, including the strategy as it is in our support for the Government political majority and genuine national reconciliation and comprehensive and that does not exclude, but extremist groups and contaminated their hands with the blood of Iraqis, in addition to the need to review some of the articles of the Constitution, especially those relating to the consolidation of understanding on the issue of federalism detail which caused over the past years to confuse the relationship between the center and the Kurdistan region. "

    He that the program is "focused on the development of plans to save the public money from the robbery and punish the thieves even retroactively as we covered aspects of the economy, youth, culture and arts, sports, women and other issues which we believe are of paramount importance." In response to a question on how it looks to the future of Iraq in light of the current crises Shabandar said that "the current crisis we are going through is undoubtedly a serious crises and require fast action to address them, but this requires to be treated in the spirit of national responsible and eager to people and where a great deal of transparency and self-denial. And therefore it is were not processors as much responsibility, there will be Iraq, which we know so we strongly for an end to the mentality prevailing in the management of the democratic experiment emerging in Iraq through the national alliance wider be gate real and impressive on the road to change. " In response to a question about his vision for national reconciliation and the principle of tolerance, especially since falling out with al-Maliki was due to his talks with the former finance minister and leader of the Sunni-known Rafie al-Issawi Shabandar said that "tolerance and reconciliation base essential to achieve security and stability in Iraq, and without them you can not in any way that we see progress on any level and therefore we will create follow up this file and processed as among the most important thing to engage him after the elections on the basis of non foundations that have been tried by the official authorities and the government has failed them miserably in spite of what the monitoring of their potential. "

    And on his vision for a third term for the incumbent Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki said Shabandar that "the third term, in principle, the right to grant the Constitution to believe his own competence to run the country as well as being a candidate of that comes the largest number of votes and therefore it if Maliki's chances in achieving the highest percentage of votes between the rivals may seem available and strong, but I do not I think he will have the opportunity to form a parliamentary bloc needed to form the next government because the experience of eight years in power for the owners were not encouraging to realize that I wish to Maliki that lends itself to others, and gives the opportunity other leaders to head the government because I am convinced says that al-Maliki gave all they have and do what he can not able to submit a new third mandate. " and about whether Shabandar with Islamic background with a religious state or a civilian in Iraq, he said, "I definitely believe in a civil state with all religions and creeds serve all without exception."

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    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    IMF calls for ambitious reforms

    4/19/2014 0:00

    Capitals - Agencies

    International Monetary Fund said it should countries in the Middle East and North Africa make ambitious reforms to achieve sustainable growth provides more job opportunities and promote equality and diversification of the economy.

    said the fund said in a statement that the challenges facing the region occupied a prominent place on the agenda of the Spring Meetings in 2014 and held by the Fund and the World Bank in Washington DC last week, and included meetings of ministers and senior government officials.

    focused IMF officials on the commitment to work with all countries in the region, including the transition countries of the Arab, Egypt, Jordan, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Yemen - and the willingness to make efforts in this regard. said Director General of the Fund Christine Lagarde: "We have the Fund's work with all member countries have expressed an interest in a partnership with him," pointing to the programs that work from which the fund with Jordan, Morocco, Tunisia, and technical assistance to Egypt, Libya, and the ongoing discussions about a new program Yemen.

    said fund in his statement that the economic situation for the oil-importing countries in the region is still difficult, especially that started the political transformation since more than three years.

    said Masood Ahmed, Director, Middle East Fund: These countries will experience another year of economic activity Limited, which is expected to reach 3 percent growth rate almost .. the main reason for the continuation of this economic growth is modest confidence is still weak, especially in countries undergoing political transformation.

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    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014


    Delayed budget will not be allowed to launch new projects for this year


    4/19/2014 0:00

    Baghdad morning
    led escalating political disputes between the parliamentary blocs to postpone the sessions of the Council of Representatives for the passage of the budget law for 2014, time after time, so I ended-old parliamentarian for the current session without having solved the problem of the budget.
    effects of this delay and the delay reflected on the country's economy first and the physical movement Secondly, In the beginning, said the Kurdistan region bankruptcy here is Baghdad today confirms that the physical movement and the implementation of projects for the current year is very difficult this year for the passage of a period of launching projects.

    member of the parliamentary Finance Committee MP for the Liberal bloc Magda al-Tamimi, confirmed the impossibility of implementing any project during the remainder of this year, even if approved budget.

    said Tamimi, in a press statement, "We are with that there will be a solution with the Kurdistan region, but in the Finance Committee us other accounts."

    And explained that "if they approved the budget in the fifth month of the current year, we need to month for publication in the Official Gazette, and another month for the release of funds by the Ministry of Finance, "asking," What are the remaining period of the bodies is related to the Ministry to be able to announce the projects? ", noting that" the remaining period it is impossible for any side to implement even a fraction of the The project, which will begin doing. "

    Confirmed Tamimi that "the government should continue its meetings not be interrupted, not with the approaching vote on the budget begin negotiations depends Once passed to keep the differences are stuck."

    And noted that "the situation will remain regardless 1 of 12 for the side operational no more , the difficulty of the implementation of projects for this year, "indicating that" the Ministry of Finance disbursed salaries this month, because the validity of the Council of Ministers paydays and increases related to retirees. "

    To it, said MP for the coalition of state law, Samira al-Moussawi said the House of Representatives, which is the body responsible for approving the Budget Law, is terminated legally, basing this on what the text of the Constitution and the rules of procedure of the House of Representatives, as saying.

    Musawi said in an interview, that "the Council of Representatives ended on the 5 of this April, according to the Constitution and Rules of Procedure of Parliament", indicating that " conventions and political compromises of the blocks are controlled by the approval of the draft budget."

    And added that "if the agreement to read and approve the budget, will identify special session of parliament," pointing to "the difficulty of approving the budget in light of the political conflicts around the election."

    And suggested al-Moussawi, "postpone the adoption of the federal budget until after the parliamentary elections. "

    It is noteworthy that the general budget of the state, has become the stuff of debate and an exchange of accusations between the political blocs all, they are still languishing in the corridors of the House of Representatives, and did not complete the readings since it was approved by the Council of Ministers (January 15, 2014) .


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    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    Military: Kurdistan region is the only one in the hemisphere, which has the strongest army of the center

    Fri Apr 18 2014 21:37 | (Voice of Iraq)

    Alsumaria News / Baghdad

    MP for the coalition of state law, Sami al-Askari, said Friday that the Kurdistan region is the only one in the hemisphere, which has the strongest army of the central government, as he emphasized that the region turned into a "problem" in the body of Iraq.

    Askari said in an interview on "modern home" aired "Alsumaria TV", "The right of the Kurds to have a state, but we object to to be a state within a state", adding that "the Kurdistan region turned into a problem in the body of the Iraqi because he interfere with the affairs of the administration's Iraq does not accept one of meddling in its affairs. "

    The head of a military coalition to fulfill the Iraqi, "The Kurdistan region is the only region in the hemisphere that has the strongest army of the Army of the central government."

    The Ministry of Peshmerga confirmed (January 27, 2014) that guards the Kurdistan region, "Peshmerga" a key part of the Iraqi defense system in accordance with the Iraqi constitution.

    And consists of the current Iraqi army from 14 military band mostly infantry divisions estimated many of its members more than 300 thousand soldiers, and have about at least 80 Abrams tanks modern American-made out of 140 contracted to buy in addition to the 170 Russian tanks and Hungarian-made, presented mostly in aid of NATO to the Iraqi government, as well as a number of helicopters, Russian and American-made, and a number of naval vessels in the port of Umm Qasr to protect Iraqi oil exports.

    http://translate.googleusercontent.c...#ixzz2zJMx6jby

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    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    Kurdistan Strives for Better Data, as Economy and International Interest Grow
    By Alexander Whitcomb

    If Kurdistan were a country it would rank as the 103rd biggest economy in the world.

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region - The Kurdistan Region Statistics Office (KRSO) expects the release of a new Gross Domestic Product (GDP) figure by the end of July.

    The last survey was conducted in 2011, when it was determined that the region’s economic activity amounted to $20 billion. A year before, the KRG claimed 5.2 million people lived in the region.

    If Kurdistan were a country it would rank as the 103rd biggest economy in the world, according to the International Monetary Fund’s (IMF) 2011 GDP index. It would come in above Nepal (a country of 27.2 million people) and Zambia (13.6 million), but below Estonia and Trinidad and Tobago (both 1.3 million).

    This said, a prominent business figure working in Kurdistan expressed doubts about the past calculations. “These numbers are not reliable,” he said, “as they can’t get an accurate account of the hugely important ‘grey economy.’”

    The grey economy is an informal economy of unrecorded cash transactions. A substantial volume of businesses are able to circumvent the already limited tax code in the country, so most economic activity lies “off the books.” This makes it extremely difficult to calculate GDP, along with a range of other information about the economy.

    The situation has not been helped by budget cuts in Baghdad, as Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki piles the pressure on Erbil by cutting off federal funding.

    KRSO President Serwan Muhammed Muhialdeen claims that almost half of the office’s $8.6 million dollar budget will be affected by cuts. The remaining funds will cover salaries, but little more. This is catastrophic for the office, as rigorous studies are extremely resource-intensive, not to mention time consuming.

    There is some cooperation with the central government. The KRSO cooperates with the Central Statistics Office in Baghdad, from whom it receives funding for special surveys. A recent example is a project to collect tourism industry data.

    But for help with some of its most important research, the office looks to international organizations and private companies. Both the GDP and a labor survey, due at the end of the year, will be completed with the assistance of the US-based RAND corporation.

    A socio-economic survey with the World Bank is expected next March. UNICEF is working to complete a new round of surveys focusing on women and children, and the United Nations Development Program is launching its first ever “Crime and Victimization” survey in Kurdistan.

    Dr. Jamal Ameen, a senior statistician at the region’s Ministry of Planning and professor of statistics in the UK, stresses that Kurdistan is still young and changing rapidly. Slowly but surely, he believes, their data are rising to “global standards,” aided by these partnerships with international organizations.

    He notes that the KRG has a $100 million fund to send students and government employees abroad for advanced degrees in fields like statistics. When they return, as they are contractually obliged to, it is hoped they will bring cutting edge knowledge and methodology.

    The professor knows solid numbers are important to bring international investment and attention. Outsiders will need reliable facts to measure the incredible progress the Kurds are making -- almost entirely by themselves.

    http://rudaw.net/english/kurdistan/1....EPlsHRMe.dpuf

  9. #9

    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    Anbar Residents See Kurdish-style Autonomy As Answer to Their Plight
    By Omar al-Mansuri

    ERBIL, Kurdistan Region—A decade of conflict and violence has led many residents of the Iraqi province of Anbar to think that an autonomous region similar to what the Kurds enjoy in the north might be the best solution. Though some believe they have missed the opportunity.

    “You cannot compare the status of Anbar with that of the Kurdistan Region,” says Salam al-Khalid, a journalist based in Fallujah. “Anbar must be run by qualified elites, academics, and experienced politicians in order to catch up with Kurdistan.” Al-Khalid laments the situation in his province where indiscriminate arrests, bombings and violence have become part of life. He says that the incompetence of the Sunni leaders isn’t making their situation any better. “It’s not feasible for Anbar to be governed by clans and armature politics that are unable to solve complex problems the region is suffering from,” he says. He believes that the ultimate solution is autonomy.

    However, says al-Khalid, the first step towards a Sunni autonomous region is to get Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki out of the way as he is a big obstacle for such an ambition. “The current viable solution is to vote out Maliki in the next election,” he says. “You must get rid of the current political system based on quotas, sectarianism, factionalism then one must think of forming an autonomous region because as long as Maliki is in power it’s hard to make such crucial decision to declare an autonomous region.”

    Al-Khalid believes that contrary to some analysis, Anbar wouldn’t be a poor region if it decided to split from the central government. “We have minerals, human resources, the Euphrates River, natural gas, tourism and oil,” he says. Some residents blame the dire situation in Anbar on the endless conflict that has been raging the area since the US invasion in 2003.

    But in the meantime, they criticize their own politicians and representatives who “have acted selfishly and ignored people’s needs.” Najm Ahmed al-Abdali, 54, a government employee, says that the Islamic Party of Iraq who was supposed to be the voice of Sunnis in Baghdad hasn’t acted efficiently. “The Islamic Party in Anbar province, showed its selfishness in alliance with Maliki to gain personal interests at the expense of people,” al-Abdali told Rudaw. Al-Abdali says that during recent tensions with the central government, leaders of the Islamic Party fled the Anbar province and left their people to their own devices. “They didn’t work for the release of detainees or find real job opportunities, to say the least,” says al-Abdali. “Most of them bought properties and real estate in Europe, Oman, Turkey and the Gulf countries and sold our cause to Maliki who is hell bend on destroying Anbar.”

    He believes that the Kurds had seized their opportunity at the right time to draw their political and judicial boundaries with the rest of Iraq. “If creating an autonomous region is in the interest of the country, solves our problems, triggers economic development and prevents the recurrence of the current crisis or moves us away from the wars and battles with Maliki’s army, I am all for it,” he says. Al-Abdali says that Iraq’s Sunnis will have many challenges to overcome before they can build an autonomous region of their own.

    “In Anbar we live with political duplicity as well as the intolerance of tribal and political backwardness,” he says. “If we get rid of all those destructive and extreme ideas, whether religiously or politically then it is possible to say that we can form a province of Anbar, as did our fellow Kurds.” Tareq Diab al-Asal, a Ramadi candidate running in this moth’s parliamentary elections agrees that a Sunni autonomous region might be the best solution, but that they have missed the opportunity due political mistakes. “Supporting voices are rising and still calling for making such political decision, but I find it difficult now to think of forming a region because Maliki has gone out of his way to complicate the situation in Anbar,” al-Asal told Rudaw.

    Some residents believe that tribal rivalry is one of the main reasons that a Sunni autonomous region is hard to achieve. “The formation of Anbar autonomous province does not solve the crisis, but rather flames the current crisis and creates bigger problems,” says Sheikh Hamid al-Hayes, a tribal chief who is criticized for his alliance with the Iraqi prime minister.

    http://rudaw.net/english/middleeast/....L5OrvmUO.dpuf
    Last edited by chattels; 04-19-2014 at 07:57 AM.

  10. #10

    Re: " The Dinar Daily ", Saturday, 19 April 2014

    * I OVERLOOKED THIS ARTICLE TWO WEEKS AGO AND NOW POST AND COMMENT *

    Basri: the rule of law is a fundamental factor for Iraq’s accession to the WTO

    Posted: April 3, 2011

    Dr. Kamal Al-Basri resolve the debate over Iraq’s accession to the WTO, stressing that Iraq’s entry into the organization can not materialize without the rule of law.

    He identified four scenarios for the future prospects of Iraq’s accession to the WTO is the first case and called it (Palmtvailp) and embodied the rule of law and enter the World Trade Organization and the second case, called the (opportunity lost) and embodied the rule of law and not enter the atmosphere of the organization.

    The third case (disappointment) is embodied into the organization and not achieving the rule of law, the so-called fourth case (desperate), which reflected the absence of the rule of law and not to join the organization.

    Thus concluded the optical study labeled (the Iraqi economy and the draft to join the World Trade Organization) These conclusions built by visual in the light of figures and statistics adopted in his study after his analysis of the economic realities across different sectors of the agricultural, industrial, public, private sector and the percentage contribution of each sector in the gross domestic product.

    Prior to this view the visual impact of the accession countries of the Organization experiments using a number of Arab and foreign countries, including oil and other non-oil.

    He pointed out the benefits and gains for the countries that have joined, and to the negative impacts on some countries, will come out the details in-depth dialogue result was dominated by gains for countries that did well dealing with the joining of the negative effects of some economies that did not have the ability to achieve its goals.

    In order to develop a vision for the future of the Iraqi economy and the effects of membership requirements initiated development of visual possibilities of the four that depict the different situations that could be the Iraqi economy by 20 years after the entry of the Organization and the assumption that Iraq enjoyed a grace period (5-8 years).

    He Basri, said Iraq will get the privileges of trade and investment in the event of a phase optimistic that summed up the need for the rule of law with the entry of Iraq into the World Trade Organization and its promise, giving better conditions for growth and economic development through the growth of competitiveness of production thanks to the entry of advanced technology and foreign capital.

    With the exception of the opportunity lost in the case of embodiment of the rule of law and not to enter Iraq to the atmosphere of the organization, stressing deprive Iraq in such a situation of trade concessions, and it remains dependent mainly on oil revenues for development and the reality that economic growth here far less than it is in the situation optimistic.

    As for the disappointment and of access to the organization without ascertaining the rule of law as the result of this situation not to enter foreign investment and the failure of technology and increasing reliance on oil revenues and the weakness of private sector activity, with the exception of the fourth stage Bagliaisp in the absence of the rule of law and not to join the organization, a condition very similar to the far the current circumstances, according to visual

    The workshop was tagged (Iraq .. and the WTO, organized by the Iraqi Institute for economic reform) on Saturday had seen throw the opening words to a representative of the Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and Minister of Commerce and former agency d. Purity of net debt and a representative of the Ministry of Commerce, where they were reviewing the current stage, it turned out the committee charged with following up the subject.

    Then presented a study on the foreign trade of the academic researcher and the flames of Thomas prospects and objectives and the data of foreign trade and its importance in achieving economic development programs.
    The second study was presented by Dr Muzaffar Ali has dealt with the experience of Jordan’s accession to the WTO.

    Participated in the workshop, chaired by the President of the parliamentary economic committee d. Ahmed Sulayman al-Alwani, a large number of academics, economists, officials and businessmen.

    http://bit.ly/egiUj9

    *** What is meant by " rule of law " ? In legal, constitutional and political " circles " it is a term or phrase " of art ". By definition, it is a noun : meaning ; the principle that all people and institutions are subject to and accountable to law that is fairly applied and enforced ; the principle of government by law ; or a state of order in which events conform to the law. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/rule+of+law

    A plenary consideration and discussion of it's meaning follows. The rule of law is an ambiguous term that can mean different things in different contexts. In one context the term means rule according to law. No individual can be ordered by the government to pay civil damages or suffer criminal punishment except in strict accordance with well-established and clearly defined laws and procedures. In a second context the term means rule under law. No branch of government is above the law, and no public official may act arbitrarily or unilaterally outside the law. In a third context the term means rule according to a higher law. No written law may be enforced by the government unless it conforms with certain unwritten, universal principles of fairness, morality, and justice that transcend human legal systems.

    The rule of law requires the government to exercise its power in accordance with well-established and clearly written rules, regulations, and legal principles. A distinction is sometimes drawn between power, will, and force, on the one hand, and law, on the other. When a government official acts pursuant to an express provision of a written law, he acts within the rule of law. But when a government official acts without the imprimatur of any law, he or she does so by the sheer force of personal will and power.

    The rule of law also requires the government to exercise its authority under the law. This requirement is sometimes explained with the phrase "no one is above the law." Members of the state and federal judiciary face a slightly different problem when it comes to the rule of law. Each day judges are asked to interpret and apply legal principles that defy clear exposition. Terms like "due process," "reasonable care," and "undue influence" are not self-defining. Nor do judges always agree about how these terms should be defined, interpreted, or applied. When judges issue controversial decisions, they are often accused of deciding cases in accordance with their own personal beliefs, be they political, religious, or philosophical, rather than in accordance with the law.

    A conundrum is presented when the government acts in strict accordance with well-established and clearly defined legal rules and still produces a result that many observers consider unfair or unjust. In other countries the political leaders assert that all written laws must conform with universal principles of morality, fairness, and justice. These leaders argue that as a necessary corollary to the axiom that "no one is above the law," the rule of law requires that the government treat all persons equally under the law. Yet the right to equal treatment is eviscerated when the government categorically denies a minimal level of respect, dignity, and autonomy to a single class of individuals. These unwritten principles of equality, autonomy, dignity, and respect are said to transcend ordinary written laws that are enacted by government. For many people around the world, the rule of law is essential to freedom. http://legal-dictionary.thefreedicti...om/Rule+of+law

    FOR ME, IN THE CONTEXT OF THE SUBJECT ARTICLE AND IT'S SIGNIFICANCE FOR MATTERS ARGUABLY INFLUENCIAL UPON OUR LIQUIDITY EVENT. MALIKI AND / OR IRAQ MUST DEMONSTRATE A PREDICTABLE, COMPLAINT, CONSISTENT " SYSTEM " / STANDARDS BEFORE THE IMF AND THE WORLD WILL DO BUSINESS WITH THEM AND ACCEPT THEM AS A MEMBER. NO GROUP WANTS TO "PLAY " WITH ANYONE WHO DEMONSTRATES AN INABILITY TO " PLAY WELL WITH OTHERS " OR BY THE SAME RULES. IF ONE CANNOT MANAGE THEIR OWN HOUSE THEN THEY ARE UNLIKELY TO BE INVITED INTO THE HOUSE OF ANOTHER. ***
    Last edited by chattels; 04-19-2014 at 08:56 AM.

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