*** " Evict Maliki " countdown is 81 days until the election ***
Clans play decisive role in Iraqi elections
In the Yusifiyah region, south of the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, Sheikh Jassem al-Klabi plays host, on a nearly daily basis, to candidates for parliamentary elections scheduled for April 30. This hosting comes as part of social gatherings where clan loyalty intermixes with political affiliation.
Any time you visit the sheikh, you will find him busy with preparations for meetings and banquets. He is constantly talking about losses and gains resulting from his endorsing this candidate or the other. Yet, most of the time, Klabi, and others like him, wind up endorsing the clan’s candidate before anyone else.
Everywhere in Iraq, clan “politicization” is well underway, in light of the prevalence of electoral illiteracy, which transforms the clan into an avenue for the dissemination of propaganda.
Saad El Fares, the son of elders from the Bu Sultan clan of the Babel province, south of Baghdad, told Al-Monitor, “Iraqi politicians resort to the clan because its influence has played a decisive role in many a member of parliament reaching parliamentary office. It is the norm to choose a candidate from among your kin.”
The clan’s role does not stop at influencing electoral preferences in the countryside alone. Clan influence has spread to the cities — among them Baghdad — as a result of clan standards becoming part of the prevalent culture in light of the great decline of the civil state’s presence. This is a reactionary social reversion that returned Iraq to a bygone era when clans played a pivotal role in determining the shape of events.
Candidates even brag today about representing their clans, whereby the title that follows their name has become one of the symbols denoting social and political status.
Since its inception, the Iraqi state has resorted to the clans to bolster the country’s stability. This was done through winning over clan leaders, appointing them to governmental posts or bestowing upon them power and authority. Moreover, the post-2003 Iraqi state has utilized clan influence to deter outlaw gangs.
Speaking to Al-Monitor, sociologist Qassem Mohamed painted a negative image of the role clan leaders have played since 2003. “They have been adept at the practice of political and social hypocrisy by endorsing candidates with whom they are related, or candidates who provide them with spoils and privileges,” he said.
However, the head of the Iraqi National Congress, Ahmed Chalabi, told Al-Monitor that political candidates resorting to their clans was “logical behavior” and that “it was only natural for candidates to rely on the popular bases available to them in the areas where they reside, and through the clan to which they belong.” He added, “Otherwise, promises made by all other factions will depend on the choices made by the citizens alone, who are capable of distinguishing (the real promises) among them.”
On the other hand, Sheikh Abdul Hussein Naji of Najaf told Al-Monitor, “The clan imposes itself politically, particularly during elections. For it carries the decisive vote.”
It is evident that clans in Iraq are an influential social force. But the problem lies in how to positively direct this force in a manner conducive to the ascent of competent and experienced politicians, instead of paving the way for candidates to succeed based solely on clan considerations and interests.
On a similar note, academic and leftist author Jabbar al-Kawaz explained to Al-Monitor that the complex bond between clans and politics were due to “politicians resorting to clans because political parties have been emptied of their social and cultural content as a result of the prevailing insecurity. This has transformed the clans into providers of safety for the masses.”
For his part, Iraqi author Hamid al-Kafai told Al-Monitor, “The electorates in advanced societies voted on the basis of announced electoral programs. But, in underdeveloped countries, it was the clan that provided candidates with their political platforms.”
At the same time, Kafai said, “Resorting to clans in general was indicative of the state’s weakness and a testament to a lax understanding of citizenship.”
BAGHDAD / NINA / The independent MP, of the Kurdistan Alliance, Mahmoud Othman said members of the Kurdistan Alliance will attend the next meeting of the Council of Representatives , denying boycotting because of the budget law ."
Othman said in a statement to the National Iraqi News Agency / NINA / "The contacts are continuing between the Baghdad and Arbil on the one hand and between the political blocs on the other hand on the law of the state budget for 2014 , but the contacts failed to reach a positive result so far , " .
He explained, " the province has reservations on what the federal government said about exporting oil through (SOMO ) , on the grounds that the company ( OMO ) is responsible for the export of oil province , pointing out that" the proposal of Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on the establishment of a higher council for oil and gas , is Good, because it represents a compromise between the two governments . "
The Cabinet has referred the 2014 budget to the House of Representatives in the fifteenth of last month .
Legal Expert: Presidency has not right to refute Pension law
Sunday, 09 February 2014 14:59
Baghdad (AIN) –The Legal Expert, Tariq Harb, confirmed that the Presidency has no right to refute the Pension Law as some politicians demand to prevent key officials from getting privileges granted by the law.
He stated to in a press statement received by AIN "The Presidency has no right to veto this law according to Article 73 of the constitution."
"The 3rd point within this Article obliged the Presidency to ratify the laws within 15 days," he concluded.
Net and the World Bank mission to discuss activating the partnership to develop a permanent banking system
09-02-2014 02:26 PM
Baghdad (news) .. Search and Minister of Finance Agency purity of net debt with the World Bank's head of mission in Iraq, Mary Helen ways of activating the strategic partnership permanent access to a comprehensive banking system in the country.
According to a statement of the ministry received the Agency (news) copy of it: that the Ministry of Finance emphasizes the importance of cooperation with the World Bank because of its important role in the formulation of strategies and the integration of Iraq in the international financial system.
He pointed out that: the overall banking system will enable the banks of the activation process of capacity development that will contribute effectively to the process of the reconstruction of Iraq.
The net price of the World Bank's efforts to help Iraq in the process of administration and his money being invested in projects of the most important factors of development.
On the other hand acclaim Helen cooperation of the Iraqi side with the World Bank mission to draw a financial partnership based on a common interest of both sides.
Sadr bloc calls for Najafi to convene a meeting to re-vote on the retirement of special grades
Thursday, February 9, 2014 13:50
Twilight News / demanded the Liberal bloc, Sunday, Presidency of the Council of Representatives to schedule a special meeting to re-vote on the paragraph retired deputies and special grades, as indicated it opposed the vote on the substance of the deputies retired.
alt The House of Representatives had voted a few days ago on the Unified Retirement Law majority, and as he saw specialists It contains paragraphs of good, including raising the minimum wage and fairness of employees in the private sector by giving them the right to retirement;, the law kept the salaries of MPs and presidencies and special grades, despite popular opposition to it .
The head of the parliamentary bloc, Bahaa al-Araji, at a conference in parliament attended by "Twilight News", he "We send out a book today number 499 to the Presidency demanded it set a date for a special session to re-vote on the substance retired special grades of vice presidencies and others," noting that "the Liberal bloc demanded the display session when the session through the media directly to prove to the citizens to know the voter on law or not. "
Araji said that "there are personalities bid for the law and was refusing to announce the retirement of the House of Representatives while it was one of the voters, and we asked him to view the session on the media to be seen from that voice," "Noting that" the Liberal bloc opposed the vote on the substance of the retirement of Congress. "
He went on that "we could not get out of the session in protest against the hypertext retirement of vice that if we went out for a quorum is broken and deprived retirees of the increase."
Member of the Committee on Security and Defense parliamentary Abbas al-Bayati
Alsumaria News / Baghdad
A member of the Commission on Security and Defense parliamentary Abbas al-Bayati, Sunday, that the peace initiative last chance to Anbar province, adding that all options are on the table when you are not successful, criticized the silence of politicians who have called for a peaceful solution in the province over the initiative.
Bayati said in an interview for "Alsumaria News", "peace initiative in Anbar province, came to sort between Khandeghin, the first of fending off security and stability in the province, and the other who want to establish an Islamic emirate to Daash and al-Qaeda," noting that "this initiative is a clear message to the families of the tentative and custodial, show that the army and the police are responding Daash fighter and al-Qaeda are targeting not only the city or any component. "
Al-Bayati said that "this initiative is the last chance, and when it fails will all options are on the table and talk to the army and the police in relation to purge the city of Fallujah from Daash and al-Qaeda," adding that "the deadline given to mislead them to lay down their arms, will not be open."
Al-Bayati stressed that "after the end of this period, there will be no words, but about trying to end the anomaly there," pointing out that "this initiative is to demonstrate that the government wanted to end the situation in Anbar, peacefully, in order not to enter the city by force."
He said al-Bayati said "the initiative also aims to cut the road in front of those who want the continuation of the wound and the bleeding to achieve political goals and agendas election," explaining that "the general outlines of the initiative is acceptable, but the details they need to view and position of the government because they include financial obligations associated with the elimination."
And between al-Bayati said "peace initiative put forward by the Anbar tribes and local government, and not from the central government, and thus who are demanding the withdrawal of the army from Anbar to accept they can not impose preconditions, but they exploit the opportunity if there is a mislead them or people are forced to sort themselves from Daash and al-Qaeda" , adding that "the government had agreed to the initiative in order to avoid the spilling of innocent blood."
Al-Bayati expressed surprise at the "silence of the blocks that were calling for a peaceful solution to the province, towards the initiative," adding that "This is suspicious and strange."
He revealed Anbar governor Ahmed Khalaf al-Dulaimi, in (February 7, 2014), details of the "peace initiative" to resolve the crisis in Anbar province, pointing out that it provides for the withdrawal of the army from cities and halt all legal procedures and judiciary against peaceful protesters, and the granting of a general amnesty for seven days for young seducer them or who were forced to work with the terrorists and give them a chance to lay down arms.
The Minister of Defense Agency Saadoun al-Dulaimi, revealed in an interview for "Alsumaria News", in (February 7, 2014) for an initiative to resolve the crisis in Anbar province, in agreement with the county government and clans, and most likely the government's response to it, as he emphasized the Interior Ministry to reach an agreement will lead to the achievement of the demands people of the province and re-former officers to the service, and handle errors plaguing the Anbar police.
The province of Anbar, and its gray, (110 km west of Baghdad) have been witnessing (21 December 2013), the process of large-scale military in the province extends to the border with Jordan and Syria, share it cuts military and combat helicopters, along with gunmen from the tribes, to go after the organization what is known as the state of Iraq and the Levant Islamic "Daash", and led to the deaths and injuries and the arrest and expulsion of dozens of elements of the organization, and is still fighting going on.
Transparency in Iraq: Central Bank's decision leads to counterproductive and impedes the flow of monetary circulation.
February 8, 2014
BAGHDAD - Eastern February 8: criticized by the Association of transparency in Iraq, a watchdog popular measures the CBI said in a statement today that these measures will reduce business lending, credit and lead to a lack of liquidity due to Altgmidgar justification for the money account 231 brought by the Central Bank The association said that the original in the process of cash is to sustain liquidity and facilitate business credit and lending, something which perpetuates the economic cycle in the country at the level of public and private sector is that the Central Bank would be counterproductive and hinder the smooth flow of cash cycle which is automatically reflected on the general economic cycle and said Association The overwhelming proportion of banks and local banks will be affected by this measure, while benefiting banks Originally created on the remains of offices banking and remittances of Foreign Affairs continued its rhythm the same without you acting credit and lending, and called Alrabotthalpennek Central as a regulator and sponsor of the system of cash to reconsider instructed new including achieve two things: first to ensure the smooth flow of cash and non-freezing of funds and the second to ensure justice among all banks and non-bias, some at the expense of others and audit reasons and motives behind the passing of some senior staff of the formula for the new instructions motivated by interest and benefit in breach of the justice system and uniform standards.
Dry: Our observations about the budget and adopt a legal constitution as a reference to resolve differences
Baghdad / Orr News
She said the Kurdistan Alliance MP Ashwaq dry: We are convinced fully and completely that our observations on a number of paragraphs of the Budget Law Notes is correct and legal, we will work to clarify for the sons of the Iraqi people and adopt the constitution as a reference to resolve all differences.
She said dry that the most prominent points of contention in the budget law for 2014 relating to matters material balance / 140 / and budget of the Peshmerga and the terms of the sanctions imposed on the region within the draft budget with respect to file oil and gas and this a dangerous precedent in the federal states, noting that the Kurdistan Alliance is keen to move the budget law and approval. It continued: We will stress that we are to claim entitlements Peshmerga forces that did not happen, of many years, warning of the 2014 budget passed by majority, as happened last year.
She noted that most of the provincial deputies will not vote to leave the oil file for administration by the central government, and thus that the deputy oil-producing provinces will not vote contrary to the commitments they made to their fans and of the need to involve the provinces and regions in the management of the oil file.